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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1386-1391, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924366

ABSTRACT

OBJECT IVE To develop a rapid health technology assessment (rHTA)methodology of drugs based on evidence integration and value judgment ,which is suitable for China ’s national conditions. METHODS The literature review was adopted to study health technology assessment (HTA)and multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA),and then rHTA method based on China ’s condition was formulated preliminarily with anti-tumor drugs ;the method of rHTA was demonstrated by expert consultation ; finally,the feasibility of rHTA was preliminarily verified taking the drugs for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer as an example. RESULTS Established rHTA method combined the theory and principles of HTA and MCDA :HTA method was used to guide the collection and synthesis of literature and real-world evidence ,while MCDA made the value measurements of achievable evidences by various stakeholders from different views ;it established the working process ,evaluation dimensions ,evaluation indicators and scoring system of rHTA. The feasibility of this method was verified by the drug example of treating non-small cell lung cancer. CONCLUSIONS A set of drug-driven rHTA methodology guidance based on HTA and MCDA is established. It can quickly collect and integrate evidence ,and provide evidence support for decision makers in a short time.

2.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 1-8, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698839

ABSTRACT

Objective To search the Web of Science for the papers related to case management to understand the present situation and direction of case management. Methods Papers on case management were retrieved in the Web of Science from 1999 to 2017.The Web of Science and excel were used to analyze the publication years, research themes, journals, countries and institutes. Results Totally,970 articles were included,with a sum of cited times,12,075.The number of publications on the case management was going up. Most of the authors were from the USA and China was ranked at 7 in authorship. Most of the papers concerned the research in chronic diseases such as chronic heart failure,mental disease and HIV. Conclusions Case management has been widely researched in the developed countries.China still has a lot of room for improvement in the study.The future research should be focused on the establishment of case manager training,multidisciplinary combination,case management mode suitable for chronic disease and aging population and exploration of the mode's effectiveness.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666033

ABSTRACT

To evaluate several tests of physical performance for sarcopenia screening and assessment, by investigating physical performance and function in older women. 106 community-dwelling older women from a community in Shanghai were enrolled in this study. Physical function assessed by short physical performance battery (SPPB), timed get-up-and-go (TUG), handgrip strength, and usual gait speed were asked to perform. Total lean mass was determined by Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, the relative appendicular skeletal muscle mass ( RASM) was defined as appendicular skeletal muscle mass/height2 . 13 individuals were diagnosed as sarcopenia according to a consensus diagnostic criteria for sarcopenia, as developed by the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia ( AWGS) in 2014. Body mass index and handgrip strength in the sarcopenia group were significantly lower than those in the non-sarcopenia group (P=0. 026, P=0. 004 respectively), and there was no significant differences in the age, SPPB score, TUG, and usual gait speed. Linear regression analysis showed RASM was significantly positively correlated with body mass index (r=0. 842, P<0. 01), time to rise from a chair and return to the seated position five times (r=0. 203, P=0. 036),TUG(r=0. 258, P=0. 008)and grip strength (r=0. 217, P=0. 025), meanwhile, both body mass index and grip strength entered Logistic regression analysis. Low weight and low handgrip strength are independent predictive factors of sarcopenia in older women. Sarcopenia screening for older women with low body-weight and weak handgrip strength is more urgently required

4.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 531-534, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468323

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between ERG4 gene overexpression and azole resistance in clinical Candida albicans strains. Methods The National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS)M27-A2 broth microdilution method was conducted to evaluate antifungal susceptibility of 34 clinical Candida albicans isolates in vitro. Total RNA was extracted from these Candida albicans strains and transcribed into cDNA. Real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR was performed to determine the mRNA expression of ERG4 gene. Statistical analysis was carried out by a two-sample t-test. Results The expression level of ERG4 mRNA was significantly higher in fluconazole-resistant than in -sensitive Candida albicans strains (4.20 ± 2.56 vs. 1.72 ± 1.33, t = 3.99, P < 0.05), higher in itraconazole-resistant than in -sensitive Candida albicans strains (3.60 ± 2.47 vs. 1.66 ± 1.61, t = 3.71, P < 0.05), and higher in voriconazole-resistant than in -sensitive Candida albicans strains (3.99 ± 2.72 vs. 2.07 ± 1.58, t = 2.91, P <0.05). Further more, increased ERG4 mRNA expression was also observed in isolates cross-resistant to all the three azole antifungal agents compared with those susceptible to all of them (4.49 ± 2.73 vs. 1.69 ± 1.82, t = 3.81, P < 0.05). Conclusions The overexpression of ERG4 gene may be associated with cross resistance to fluconazole, itraconazole and voriconazole in clinical Candida albicans strains, but its exact role is expected to be investigated through downregulation of the ERG4 gene.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464403

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe clinical efficacy of Tianma Gouteng Decoction combined with Western medicine for early onset severe pre-eclampsia. Methods Sixty patients were randomly divided into treatment group with 30 cases and control group with 30 cases. Two groups were both given the routine Western therapy, while the treatment group was added with Tianma Gouteng Decoction. Indicators were observed and compared between two groups including blood pressure, 24 h UAE, D-dimer, fibrinogen and their effects on pregnancy. Results Compared with the control group, the blood pressure, 24 h UAE, fibrinogen, D-dimer, hypoproteinemia, and liver and kidney function were reduced obviously in the treatment group (P<0.05);fibrinogen and D-dimer of control group were not changed significantly;gestational weeks of treatment group were extended (15.2 ± 4.8)d, and neonatal asphyxia was 7 cases;gestational weeks of control group were extended (9.3 ± 2.2)d, and neonatal asphyxia was 11 cases. There was no significant difference about cesarean section rate between the two groups. Conclusion Tianma Gouteng Decoction combined with Western medicine for treatment of early onset severe pre-eclampsia have better clinical efficacy.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446987

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the association between vitamin D and alendronate response,and to investigate the proper vitamin D levels for the efficacy of alendronate treatment of osteoporosis.Methods In this retrospective study,559 post-menopausal women with osteoporosis were devided into two groups:non-responders and responders,based on the European Study of Forsteo (EUROFORS).Demographic and clinical data including mean 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OHD) levels between dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scans were obtained.Mean 25-OHD levels were compared between responders and non-responders and multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with non-response.Results There were 437 (75.5%) responsers to alendronate therapy and 142 (24.5%) non-responders.Responders with a mean serum 25-OHD level of (59.96 ±12.56) nmol/L,obtained a more favorable result than non-responders,whose serum 25-OHD level was (47.50 ±9.92) nmol/L (P<0.01).25-OHD level was significantly associated with response.Conclusion Patients with a mean 25-OHD ≥50 nmol/L had a substantially greater likelihood of maintaining bisphosphonate response.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437699

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the relationship of body mass index (BMI) with levels of vitamin D,parathyroid hormone (PTH),and bone turnover markers among women in Shanghai area.Methods Altogether 810 Chinese women aged 45 year and older were enrolled to study the associations by multiple linear regression analyses.Bone mineral density was measured by a dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (Lunar,Prodigy,GE),Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25 (OH) D],PTH,C-telopeptide of type Ⅰ collagen (CTX),osteocalcin (BGP),and bonespecific alkaline phosphatase (BSALP) were measured.Results (1) 25 (OH) D,BGP,BSALP,and CTX levels were significantly lower in obesity group than in control group ; PTH level was significantly higher in obesity group than in control group.(2) In multiple linear regression analyses,BMI was significantly associated with lower 25 (OH) D (β =-0.017,P =0.006),BGP (β =-0.077,P =0.019),and higher PTH (β =0.025,P =0.000).Conclusions (1) There were siginificant associations between higher BMI and lower 25 (OH) D among women in Shanghai.(2) Serum osteocalcin was associated not only with bone metabolism but also with energy metabolism.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416937

ABSTRACT

Two hundreds postmenopausal women with osteopenia, aged 45-80, were randomly divided into 4 groups, and received different drug interventions. After treatment for 12 months, the lumbar spine bone mineral density(BMD)and total hip BMD in alendronate group increased significantly(3.5% and 2.6%, both P<0.05), the lumbar spine BMD raised 2.0% in selective estrogen receptor regulator group(P<0.05). Bone turnover indices improved in both groups(all P<0.05). No change in BMD or bone turnover indices was found in patients treated with active vitamin D3and calcium.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-547604

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the characteristics of injuries in patients,and provide basic evidence for injury prevention and control.Methods 3 hospitals were sampled by stratified sampling,and the data of all injured patients visiting the 3 hospitals in 2006~2007 were analyzed.Results 11 142 injured patients were collected.The ratio of male to female was 1.81∶1.The average age was 34.56?16.Injured patients were mainly peasants(40.04%) and students(20.62%).Most injuries occurred at home and highway,and at 9~10AM and 3~4PM.The cause of injuries were fall(32.12%),traffic accidents(20.33%) blunt force(16.60%),and animal attacks(11.67%).Unintentionally injured patients accounted for 87.70% of all cases.Conclusions The occupation injury,traffic injury and injury to young adolescents are seriously endangering the health of peasants and students.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-596576

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the correlated resistant genes encoding ?-lactamases,aminoglycoside and genetic marker of integron and transposon in multi-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa(MRPA) isolated from clinical specimens and study their relationship by phylogenetic analysis.METHODS Twenty-one resistant genes,two integron-Ⅰ genes and one transposon genetic gene were analyzed by PCR and verified by DNA sequencing.Multi-resistant genes cluster analysis was performed by UPGMA.RESULTS The positive rates of CARB,oprD2,aac(3)-Ⅱ,aac(6′)-Ⅱ,ant(2″)-Ⅰ,intⅠ1,qacE△1-sul1 and merA in 20 strains of MRPA were 15%,100%,70%,15%,15%,85%,85% and 85%,respectively,and other genes were negative.It was classfied to three subgroup,by the multi-resistant genes cluster analysis.CONCLUSIONS MRPA isolated from clinical specimens has carried many resistant genes.The deficiency rate of oprD2 gene is very high.The positive rate of genetic mark genes about integron and transposon is very high.It may be the main multi-resistant mechanism of MRPA.Multi-resistant genes cluster analysis shows that there is clone transmission in MRPA and it can induce nosocomial infection prevalence.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 769-773, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392779

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for postmenopausal osteoporosis in Shanghai.Methods Five hundred postmenopausal community-dwelling women aged 45-80 years were recruited. The case-control study was performed from June 2008 to September 2008.A total number of 250 women with postmenopausal osteoporosis identified with their bone mineral density (BMD) were selected as case group, and 250 non-osteoporosis women were selected as control group. BMD was measured by dual energy X-ray absorption (DEXA). Results Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, eduction level, occupation, years since menopause, BMI, use of calcium,historyofnon-violencefracture,fall,diabetesmellitus,chronicgastricdiseases, gastrointestinal resection and diarrhea were related to osteoporosis.Multiple logistic regression showed that age, years since menopause and nutritional status were the risk factors for osteoporosis. ConclusionsThe occurrence of osteoporosis is related with many factors in postmenopausal women in Shanghai, and women with early menopause, low BMI and older age should pay more attention to the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400333

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of salmeterol/flutieasone propionate on children with asthma. Methods Salmeterol/flutieasone propionate inhalation of different dosages were given according to different illness condition of asthma. Investigate the effects of 180 days inhalation of SM/FP among children. Results After 180 days' treatment, the PEFam and PEFpm of those children of asthma were significantly increased. The lung function has a perceptible improvement. In addition, the daytime and noctural symptom scores and asthma symptom were improved. Moreover, the shore-acting β2 agonist was used with decreasing frequency. The effects of SM/FP inhalation were marvelous after 1 week of treatment and should make a long persisting time alter six months of treatment. Conclusion SM/FP is an effective medicine for children with asthma and should be make more widespread.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-546786

ABSTRACT

Objective To design a new experimental facility to induce rat diffuse axonal injury model. Methods Rat diffuse axonal injury was induced by a new experimental facility,which was developed to let the rat head spin 90 degree at the moment to cause shearing injury.Vital sign and behavior of rat were measured simultaneously.The rats were sacrificed at 2 h,6 h,12 h,24 h,36 h,72 h and 10 d after injury,respectively,and the brain tissues were removed to prepare paraffin section.Then silver staining and HE staining were conducted to investigate changes of axonal fibers. Results There were unconsciousness,respiratory rhythm disturbance and hyporeflexia of pupil light reflex immediately after injury,and reactiveness decrease and activity retardation still existed even after resuming consciousness.At anatomical scene,subarachnoid hemorrhage or cerebroventricular haemorrhage were widespread.At an early stage,there were swelling,collapse,and axonal retraction ball formation at cortico-medulla junction,callosum,brainstem,and cerebellar white matter under microscope.But at the later stage,gitter cell proliferation and nest-like aggregation were major pathophysiological changes at focal brain tissue. Conclusion The new experimental facility is suit able to be used to induce rat diffuse axonal injury,since it is convenient,controlable,and precise.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-581162

ABSTRACT

AIM:To optimize total flavone of herba epimediumon microporosity osmotic pump tablets by boxbehnken design-response surface methodology. METHODS:Osmotic agent (lactose),dosage of plastificator (dibutyl phthalate),and coating weight gain were selected as key factors of influencing total flavone delivery. Total flavones cumulatiive yield in 12 h and fitting approximation was regarded as the response. Design Expert method useful for the modeling and analysis was to optimize the response. RESULTS:Response surface surface obtained repre-sented maximum one which conformed to the zero-order delivery rate equation. CONCLUSION:Optimal excipient formulation of total epimedium flavone microporosity osmotic pump tablet consists of 0. 18 g of lactose,0. 26 ratio of dibutyl phthalate to acetyl celulose and 7. 7% of coating weight gain.

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