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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 651-664, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929317

ABSTRACT

Inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase subunit beta (IKKβ) is one of important kinases in inflammation to phosphorylate inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B (IκBα) and then activate nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB). Inhibition of IKKβ has been a therapeutic strategy for inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Here we report that IKKβ is constitutively activated in healthy donors and healthy Ikkβ C46A (cysteine 46 mutated to alanine) knock-in mice although they possess intensive IKKβ-IκBα-NF-κB signaling activation. These indicate that IKKβ activation probably plays homeostatic role instead of causing inflammation. Compared to Ikkβ WT littermates, lipopolysaccharides (LPS) could induce high mortality rate in Ikkβ C46A mice which is correlated to breaking the homeostasis by intensively activating p-IκBα-NF-κB signaling and inhibiting phosphorylation of 5' adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (p-AMPK) expression. We then demonstrated that IKKβ kinase domain (KD) phosphorylates AMPKα1 via interacting with residues Thr183, Ser184, and Thr388, while IKKβ helix-loop-helix motifs is essential to phosphorylate IκBα according to the previous reports. Kinase assay further demonstrated that IKKβ simultaneously catalyzes phosphorylation of AMPK and IκBα to mediate homeostasis. Accordingly, activation of AMPK rather than inhibition of IKKβ could substantially rescue LPS-induced mortality in Ikkβ C46A mice by rebuilding the homeostasis. We conclude that IKKβ activates AMPK to restrict inflammation and IKKβ mediates homeostatic function in inflammation via competitively phosphorylating AMPK and IκBα.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929260

ABSTRACT

Wuzi-Yanzong-Wan (WZYZW) is a classic prescription for male infertility. Our previous investigation has demonstrated that it can inhibit sperm apoptosis via affecting mitochondria, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. The purpose of the present study was to explore the actions of WZYZW on mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) in mouse spermatocyte cell line (GC-2 cells) opened by atractyloside (ATR). At first, WZYZW-medicated serum was prepared from rats following oral administration of WZYZW for 7 days. GC-2 cells were divided into control group, model group, positive group, as well as 5%, 10%, 15% WZYZW-medicated serum group. Cyclosporine A (CsA) was used as a positive control. 50 μmol·L-1 ATR was added after drugs incubation. Cell viability was assessed using CCK-8. Apoptosis was detected using flow cytometry and TUNEL method. The opening of mPTP and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were detected by Calcein AM and JC-1 fluorescent probe respectively. The mRNA and protein levels of voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1), cyclophilin D (CypD), adenine nucleotide translocator (ANT), cytochrome C (Cyt C), caspase 3, 9 were detected by RT-PCR (real time quantity PCR) and Western blotting respectively. The results demonstrated that mPTP of GC-2 cells was opened after 24 hours of ATR treatment, resulting in decreased MMP and increased apoptosis. Pre-protection with WZYZ-medicated serum and CsA inhibited the opening of mPTP of GC-2 cells induced by ATR associated with increased MMP and decreased apoptosis. Moreover, the results of RT-qPCR and WB suggested that WZYZW-medicated serum could significantly reduce the mRNA and protein levels of VDAC1 and CypD, Caspase-3, 9 and CytC, as well as a increased ratio of Bcl/Bax. However, ANT was not significantly affected. Therefore, these findings indicated that WZYZW inhibited mitochondrial mediated apoptosis by attenuating the opening of mPTP in GC-2 cells. WZYZW-medicated serum inhibited the expressions of VDAC1 and CypD and increased the expression of Bcl-2, which affected the opening of mPTP and exerted protective and anti-apoptotic effects on GC-2 cell induced by ATR.


Subject(s)
1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine , Animals , Atractyloside/pharmacology , Cyclophilin D , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Mice , Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins/metabolism , Mitochondrial Permeability Transition Pore , RNA, Messenger , Rats
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928625

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the value of Silverman-Anderson score versus Downes score in predicting respiratory failure in full-term neonates.@*METHODS@#The convenience sampling method was used to select the full-term neonates with lung diseases who were hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit from July 2020 to July 2021. According to the diagnostic criteria for neonatal respiratory failure, they were divided into a respiratory failure group (65 neonates) and a non-respiratory failure group (363 neonates). Silverman-Anderson score and Downes score were used for evaluation. The receiver operating characteristic analysis was used to compare the value of the two noninvasive scores in predicting respiratory failure in full-term neonates.@*RESULTS@#Among the 428 full-term neonates, 65 (15.2%) had respiratory failure. The Silverman-Anderson score had a significantly shorter average time spent on evaluation than the Downes score [(90±8) seconds vs (150±13) seconds; P<0.001]. The respiratory failure group had significantly higher points in both the Silverman-Anderson and Downes scores than the non-respiratory failure group (P<0.001). The Silverman-Anderson score had an AUC of 0.876 for predicting respiratory failure, with a sensitivity of 0.908, a specificity of 0.694, and a Youden index of 0.602 at the optimal cut-off value of 4.50 points. The Downes score had an AUC of 0.918 for predicting respiratory failure, with a sensitivity of 0.723, a specificity of 0.953, and a Youden index of 0.676 at the optimal cut-off value of 6.00 points. The Downes score had significantly higher AUC for predicting respiratory failure than the Silverman-Anderson score (P=0.026).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both Silverman-Anderson and Downes scores can predict the risk of respiratory failure in full-term neonates. The Silverman-Anderson score requires a shorter time for evaluation, while the Downes score has higher prediction efficiency. It is recommended to use Downes score with higher prediction efficiency in general evaluation, and the Silverman-Anderson score requiring a shorter time for evaluation can be used in emergency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Respiratory Insufficiency/etiology , Risk Factors
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927896

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of continuous exercise training (CT) and high-intensity interval exercise training (HIIT) on liver lipid metabolism and the correlation of the level of fibroblast growth factor 21(FGF21) in serum and liver tissues. Methods: Male SD rats were randomly divided into normal diet group (N) and obesity model group (H) after 1 week of adaptive feeding. Rats in the obesity model group were fed with 45% high-fat diet for about 8 weeks, and 20% weight increase compared with normal rats was considered as obesity. The rats were divided into normal diet control group (LC), normal diet HIIT group (LHI), normal diet CT group (LCT), High fat diet-induced obese control group (OC), obese HIIT group (OHI), and obese CT group (OCT) (n=10). Exercised rats were given weight-bearing swimming training intervention for 8 weeks. Blood samples were collected at least 24h after the last exercise intervention to detect the serum levels of inflammatory factors and FGF21. Liver tissue samples were collected to detect the lipid content, lipid metabolic enzyme content and FGF21 expression level. Results: Compared with LC group, the body weight, serum inflammatory factors levels and hepatic triglyceride content were increased significantly (P<0.05). Hepatic triglyceride content was downregulated in LHI group and FGF21 expression level was enhanced in LCT group (P<0.05). Compared with OC group, the body weight and hepatic triglyceride content were decreased significantly (P<0.05), mitochondrial CPT-1β and β-HAD enzyme contents in liver were increased significantly (P<0.05) in OHI group, the contents of LPL and FAT/CD36 enzyme in liver and the levels of FGF21 in serum and liver of OCT group were increased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion: Both exercise modes can reduce the body weight in normal and obese rats, and lipid deposition in the liver of obese rats. HIIT has a more significant effect on alleviating liver lipid deposition in obese rats by upregulating mitochondrial lipid oxidation level in normal and obese rats. CT improves the levels of FGF21 in serum and liver tissues of normal and obese rats, enhances enzyme contents that involved in fatty acids uptake to the liver, which has limited effect on alleviating lipid deposition in liver of obese rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Body Weight , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Fatty Liver , Fibroblast Growth Factors , Male , Obesity/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Triglycerides
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927886

ABSTRACT

Ewing's sarcoma in the cervix is characterized by extremely rare occurrence,high degree of malignancy,and rapid progression.The diagnosis of this disease is based on pathology and immunohistochemistry. The main image of the case reported in this paper showed the cervical cyst with solid mass,large volume,and uneven density and signal,and the solid part can be strengthened in enhanced scanning.Because of the rapid growth,the lesion is prone to liquefaction necrosis and bleeding.Since the metastasis occurs early,timely diagnosis is essential.


Subject(s)
Cervix Uteri/pathology , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral/pathology , Sarcoma, Ewing/pathology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 618-621, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924119

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To learn about the construction and staffing of the school health system in Chinese institutions for disease prevention and control, and to provide basic information for the school health system, team capacity building and work development.@*Methods@#Electronic questionnaire was used to collect the setting and staffing of school health departments (including school health centers and departments/rooms) at the provincial, prefecture and county (district) levels in the centers for disease control and prevention. Statistical analysis was made on the proportion of school health, the number of staff and the characteristics such as age, education, major and working years in the provincial, prefecture and county (district) levels.@*Results@#Among the 3 313 institutions, the proportion of independent school health departments was 10.8%, and those of the provincial, prefecture and county (district) levels were 74.2%, 15.0%, and 9.6%, respectively. Among the institutions with separated department, the average number of staff members was 4.4, while the number of staff was 2.5. The average age of school health workers was 40.4 years old, and the proportion of male and female employees was 45.2% and 54.8%. The proportion of personnel who have been engaged in school health work for less than 5 years on average was as high as 65.1%. The majors of the staff were mainly public health ( 40.4 %), 54.0% of the provincial staff had a master s degree or above, and 47.8% and 58.7% of the staff at the prefecture and county (district) levels were junior college or below respectively.The proportion of provincial level personnel with intermediate and senior titles was 69.6%, and the proportion of municipal and countylevel personnel at the junior level and below was 52.2% and 56.2% respectively.@*Conclusion@#The proportion of independent school health departments within centers of disease control and prevention across China was low. There is a serious shortage of school health personnel, and there are problems such as low levels of education and professional titles, especially in county (district) level institutions. It is urgent to strengthen the construction of the school health system of the centers for disease control and prevention in China.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 618-621, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924118

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To learn about the construction and staffing of the school health system in Chinese institutions for disease prevention and control, and to provide basic information for the school health system, team capacity building and work development.@*Methods@#Electronic questionnaire was used to collect the setting and staffing of school health departments (including school health centers and departments/rooms) at the provincial, prefecture and county (district) levels in the centers for disease control and prevention. Statistical analysis was made on the proportion of school health, the number of staff and the characteristics such as age, education, major and working years in the provincial, prefecture and county (district) levels.@*Results@#Among the 3 313 institutions, the proportion of independent school health departments was 10.8%, and those of the provincial, prefecture and county (district) levels were 74.2%, 15.0%, and 9.6%, respectively. Among the institutions with separated department, the average number of staff members was 4.4, while the number of staff was 2.5. The average age of school health workers was 40.4 years old, and the proportion of male and female employees was 45.2% and 54.8%. The proportion of personnel who have been engaged in school health work for less than 5 years on average was as high as 65.1%. The majors of the staff were mainly public health ( 40.4 %), 54.0% of the provincial staff had a master s degree or above, and 47.8% and 58.7% of the staff at the prefecture and county (district) levels were junior college or below respectively.The proportion of provincial level personnel with intermediate and senior titles was 69.6%, and the proportion of municipal and countylevel personnel at the junior level and below was 52.2% and 56.2% respectively.@*Conclusion@#The proportion of independent school health departments within centers of disease control and prevention across China was low. There is a serious shortage of school health personnel, and there are problems such as low levels of education and professional titles, especially in county (district) level institutions. It is urgent to strengthen the construction of the school health system of the centers for disease control and prevention in China.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880100

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect and mechanism of a novel emodin derivative YX-18 on Burkitt lymphoma (BL) cells.@*METHODS@#MTT assay was used to detect the effect of YX-18 on the proliferation of BL cell lines CA46 and Raji. Annexin V-PE/7-AAD double staining assay was used for detecting the effect of YX-18 on the apoptosis of CA46 and Raji cells. PI/RNase staining was used to test the effect of YX-18 on CA46 and Raji cell cycle. JC-1 method was used to measure the changes of mitochondrial membrane potential after YX-18 treatment, and DAPI staining was used to detect the morphology of apoptotic cells. Western blot was used to analyze the distribution changes of NF-κB pathway protein (P65, P-P65, IκB, P-IκB) in the cytoplasm and cell nucleus, and also the expression changes of cyclin-related protein P21, CDK2, P-CDK2, Cycling D1, Cycling E1, and the apoptosis-related protein Caspase-3, Caspase-8, Caspase-9 and the proliferation-related protein C-MYC, BCL-2 by YX-18. Real-time fluorescence-quantitative PCR was used to evaluate the effects of YX-18 on mRNA levels of C-MYC and Ki-67 genes in CA46 and Raji cells, and EBNA-1 and EBER genes of EBV in Raji (EBV@*RESULTS@#Novel Emodin derivative YX-18 could effectively inhibit the proliferation of BL cell lines CA46 and Raji, showing a time-dependent effect (24, 48 and 72 h: r@*CONCLUSION@#The novel emodin derivative YX-18 can significantly inhibit the proliferation of Burkitt lymphoma cells, and induce the cell apoptosis and cycle arrest. The inhibitory effect of YX-18 on the proliferation of Burkitt lymphoma cells may be related with the effect of Caspase apoptosis pathway, the proliferation and apoptosis-related molecules, such as C-MYC and Ki-67, and also to the inhibition of NF-κB pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Burkitt Lymphoma , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Emodin/pharmacology , Humans , NF-kappa B
9.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 249-258, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879761

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of IR-61, a novel mitochondrial heptamethine cyanine dye with antioxidant effects, on diabetes mellitus-induced erectile dysfunction (DMED). Eight-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin (STZ) to induce type 1 diabetes. Eight weeks after STZ injection, all rats were divided into three groups: the control group, DM group, and DM + IR-61 group. In the DM + IR-61 group, the rats were administered IR-61 (1.6 mg kg

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877680

ABSTRACT

Based on the data mining technology, the rules of acupoint selection and prescription were analyzed for impotence treated with acupuncture and moxibustion in ancient recorded in


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Data Mining , Erectile Dysfunction , Humans , Male , Meridians , Moxibustion , Technology
11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873475

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873474

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873473

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873472

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873471

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873470

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873469

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873468

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873467

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 540-544, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873466

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To study the characteristics and related influencing factors of subfoveal choroidal thickness(SFCT)changing with time in children with myopia. <p>METHODS: Totally 60 eyes of 60 children with myopia aged 6-15 years old who were admitted to the Eye Hospital of Nanchang University from July 2018 to September 2018 were included. IOP, axial length, equivalent spherical degree and SFCT were measured at baseline and 6mo of follow-up, respectively. Analyze the changes of the above-mentioned eye parameters and related influencing factors of SFCT. <p>RESULTS: Compared with baseline, follow-up for 6mo, myopic children's SFCT decreased by 8±14μm(<i>P</i><0.001), the axial length increased by 0.15±0.16mm(<i>P</i><0.001), and the equivalent spherical degree increased by -0.34±0.33D(<i>P</i><0.001), and there is a significant correlation between the SFCT change value and the axial length and equivalent spherical power change value(<i>r</i>s=-0.701, 0.633, both <i>P</i><0.001), indicating faster axial growth and myopia increasing is related to more thinning of the membrane thickness. Multiple linear regression analysis shows that SFCT is significantly correlated with axial length(<i>P</i>=0.001).<p>CONCLUSION: The SFCT of myopic children becomes thinner over time, and the axial length is negatively correlated with SFCT, and children with faster axial growing and greater myopia increasing are usually accompanied by more SFCT thinning.

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