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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 66-70, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013251

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical and genetic characteristics of children with β-ketothiolase deficiency (BKTD). Methods: The clinical characteristics, biochemical, markers detected by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS), as well as the variants in ACAT1 gene among 5 children with BKTD in Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University between October 2018 and December 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The onset age of the disease in 5 patients (4 males and 1 female) ranged from 9.7 to 28.0 months. During the acute phase, severe metabolic acidosis was observed with a pH of 6.9-7.1, as well as hypoglycaemia (2.3-3.4 mmol/L) and positive urinary ketone bodies (+-++++). Blood levels of methylcrotonyl carnitine, methylmalonyl carnitine and malonyl carnitine were 0.03-0.42, 0.34-1.43 and 0.83-3.53 μmol/L respectively and were significantly elevated. Urinary 2-methyl-3-hydroxybutyric acid was 22-202 and 3-hydroxybutyric acid was 4-6 066, both were higher than the normal levels. Methylcrotonylglycine was mild elevated (0-29). The metabolites detected by MS/MS and GC/MS were significantly reduced after treatment. Analysis of ACAT1 gene mutation was performed in 5 children. Most variants were missense (8/9). Four previously unreported variants were identified: c.678G>T (p.Trp226Cys), c.302A>G (p.Gln101Arg), c.627_629dupTGA (p.Asn209_Glu210insAsp) and c.316C>T (p.Gln106Ter), the first 2 variants were predicted to be damaging by SIFT, PolyPhen-2 and Mutation Taster software. c.316C>T (p.Gln106Ter) is a nonsense variant. Conclusions: β-ketothiolase deficiency is relatively rare, lacks specific clinical manifestations, however severe metabolic acidosis, hypoglycemia, and ketosis during the acute onset were consistent findings. Missense mutations in the ACAT1 gene are common genetic causes of β-ketothiolase deficiency.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Acidosis , Carnitine , Retrospective Studies , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 322-326, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006617

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of Setaria italica extract on improving insomnia model mice and to explore its potential mechanisms. METHODS The mice were randomly assigned into blank group, model group, positive control group (diazepam, 2.6 mg/kg), and S. italica extract low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups (1.2, 2.4, 4.8 g/kg), with 10 mice in each group. Except for the blank group, all other groups received intraperitoneal injection of para-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA) to establish the insomnia model. After modeling, the blank group and model group were given a constant volume of normal saline intragastrically, and administration groups were given relevant medicine intragastrically, with a volume of 0.01 mL/g, once a day, for 7 consecutive days. After the administration, the open-field test was conducted to observe the praxiological changes of mice, and to determine the levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HTAA) in the hippocampal tissue, as well as the contents of 5-HT, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-6, B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl- 2), and Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) in the serum. The expression of phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B/nuclear factor- κB (PI3K/Akt/NF-κB) signaling pathway related protein was determined in the hippocampus of mice. RESULTS Compared with the model group, the total exercise time of mice in S. italica extract high-dose group was significantly prolonged, but the total rest time was significantly shortened (P<0.01); the number of standing times and modification times were significantly reduced (P< 0.01). The contents of 5-HT, BDNF, and Bcl-2 in serum, and Bcl-2/Bax were significantly increased, while the contents of IL-2, IL-6, and Bax were significantly reduced (P<0.05 or P< 0.01). The content of 5-HTAA in the hippocampal tissue and 202104010910029);the phosphorylation levels of PI3K and Akt proteins were increased significantly, while the phosphorylation level of NF-κB p65 protein was decreased significantly (P<0.05).CONCLUSIONS High-dose of S. italica extract demonstrates significant therapeutic effects on insomnia in mice, and the mechanism of which may be associated with the regulation of PI3K/Akt/NF-κB signaling pathway.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1360-1364, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996288

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between adolescent peer bullying, life satisfaction and self-harm, so as to provide intervention support for the prevention of adolescent self-harm behaviors.@*Methods@#In October 2022, 5 724 junior high school students from Xuancheng, Hefei, Huaibei in Anhui Province were selected by multistage stratified random cluster sampling, and a self-administered adolescent mental health behavior questionnaire was used to conduct the survey.@*Results@#The detection rate of peer bullying among adolescents was 30.0%, and the detection rates of the five self-harm behaviors including highly lethal self-harm, less lethal self-harm with visible tissue damage, self-harm without visible tissue damage, self-harm with latency damage, and psychological self-harm were 10.2%, 25.8%, 35.5%, 20.8% and 28.2%, respectively. Logistic regression model results showed a positive association between exposure to peer bullying and the five self-harmful behaviors ( OR =2.52-3.21, P <0.01), and a negative association between life satisfaction and the five self-harmful behaviors ( OR =0.19-0.33, P <0.01). Adolescent life satisfaction had a moderating effect between exposure to peer bullying and highly lethal self-harm, less lethal self-harm with visible tissue damage, self-harm without visible tissue damage, and self-harm with latency damage ( OR=1.53, 1.42, 1.30, 1.39, P <0.05), and no moderating effect between exposure to peer bullying and psychological self-harm ( P >0.05).@*Conclusion@#Peer bullying among adolescents may increase the risk of self-harm behavior. Improvement of life satisfaction can effectively mitigate the negative effects of peer bullying on adolescent self-harm.

4.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 193-199, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996211

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of miRNA-30a-5p (miR-30a-5p) and metadherin (MTDH) on the proliferation, invasion and migration abilities of human breast cancer cells in vitro.Methods:The expression of MTDH in cancer and paracancerous tissues of 112 breast cancer patients in the database and miR-30a-5p in cancer and paracancerous tissues of 103 breast cancer patients in the database were analyzed using data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between miR-30a-5p and MTDH in 1 222 breast cancer patients in the database; the data were updated to August 2022. Breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells were divided into negative control group (transfected with negative control sequence), miR-30a-5p overexpression group (transfected with miR-30a-5p mimics), siMTDH group [transfected with small interfering RNA against MTDH (siMTDH)], siMTDH+miR-30a-5p overexpression group (transfected with both siMTDH and miR-30a-5p mimics); cell proliferation ability was detected by methyl thiazol tetrazolium (MTT) assay, cell migration ability was detected by cell scratch assay, cell invasion ability was detected by Transwell assay. The relative expressions of miR-30a-5p, MTDH, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9, vimentin and β-catenin mRNA in cells were detected by quantitative real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and the expressions of MTDH, N-cadherin (N-cad), β-catenin, Snail and MMP-9 proteins were detected by Western blotting.Results:In the TCGA database, MTDH expression level was higher and miR-30a-5p expression level was lower in breast cancer tissues compared with paracancerous tissues, and the differences were statistically significant (both P < 0.001). There was a negative correlation between MTDH and miR-30a-5p expressions in 1 222 patients with breast cancer ( r=-0.134, P < 0.001). Compared with the negative control group, the cell proliferation ability was reduced in both siMTDH group and miR-30a-5p overexpression group at 24, 48 and 72 h (all P < 0.001). The cell scratch healing rate in miR-30a-5p overexpression group and siMTDH group was lower than that in negative control group [(61.6±1.6)%, (54.7±5.9)% vs. (80.3±3.0)%] (both P < 0.05). Compared with the negative control group, The number of migrated cells in miR-30a-5p overexpression group and siMTDH group was less than that in negative control group (881±50, 725±63 vs. 1 172±66) (both P < 0.05). Compared with the negative control group, the relative expressions of MMP-2, MMP-9, vimentin and β-catenin mRNA were all down-regulated in MDA-MB-231 cells of miR-30a-5p overexpression group and siMTDH group (all P < 0.05). Compared with the negative control group, the relative expressions of N-cad, β-catenin, Snail and MMP-9 proteins were down-regulated in MDA-MB-231 cells of miR-30a-5p overexpression group and siMTDH group (all P < 0.05). There was no statistical difference in the number of migrated MDA-MB-231 cells between siMTDH+miR-30a-5p overexpression group and siMTDH group (476±5 vs. 389±46, t = 3.37, P = 0.078). There was no statistical difference in the number of migrated cells between siMTDH+miR-30a-5p overexpression group and miR-30a-5p overexpression group (476±5 vs. 477±22, t = 0.02, P = 0.983). Conclusions:The expression of miR-30a-5p is negatively correlated with the expression of MTDH in breast cancer tissues, and either overexpression of miR-30a-5p or silence of MTDH in breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells in vitro can inhibit cell proliferation, invasion and migration, but MTDH may not be a target gene of miR-30a-5p.

5.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 292-297, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994830

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) complicated with optic neuritis (ON).Methods:The clinical data of a patient with GBS complicated with ON, who admitted to the Department of Neurology, the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University in December 2021, were collected, including demographic characteristics, clinical symptoms and signs, laboratory and electrophysiological data, and results of fundus color films. The patients with GBS complicated with ON reported in the literature were also reviewed.Results:A 40-year-old female patient with GBS was diagnosed by the results of electromyography and cerebrospinal fluid tests combining with the history and signs, who was treated with intravenous immunoglobulin on the 3rd day after onset. On the 8th day, her muscle strength improved significantly. However, on the 12th day, the visual field darkened, and on the 19th day, the vision decreased significantly (oculus dexter visual acuity 0.2, oculus sinister visual acuity 0.1 +1) with bilateral papilloedema, a relative afferent pupillary defect and delayed P100 response of the visual evoked potential. Obvious abnormality was not noted in optic nerve magnetic resonance imaging. Thus ON was diagnosed and treated with pulse methylprednisolone therapy. After 8 days of treatment, the visual acuity was completely recovered and there was no abnormality in the ocular fundus. A total of 28 cases of GBS complicated with ON (including the present patient) were reported in the literature. The age of onset was mostly 20-60 years, and there was no gender preference. Mycoplasma pneumoniae was the most common premorbid pathogen and was identified in 7 of the 10 cases in which the causative agent was described. ON usually involved both sides, and 21 of 28 patients had bilateral optic nerves involved. GBS preceded ON or both occurred simultaneously in the majority of patients; GBS preceded ON in 14 of 28 patients, and both occurred simultaneously in 10 of 28 patients. All patients responded well to immunotherapy, and vision was completely recovered in 20 patients. Conclusions:GBS complicated with ON is rare. Attention should be paid to the loss of vision in patients with GBS. Relevant examinations should be completed as soon as possible and immunotherapy should be given.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 278-285, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994828

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe the clinical features of a patient of anti-neurofascin 186 (NF186) antibody associated acute immune sensory polyradiculopathy (AISP), and enhance understanding of AISP/chronic immune sensory polyradiculopathy (CISP).Methods:The clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of a domestic AISP patient with NF186 antibody positive admitted to the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University in December 2021 were summarized, and the previously reported cases of AISP/CISP were systematically reviewed.Results:The patient was a 62-year-old male with acute onset. The clinical manifestations included severe sensory ataxia, increased protein in cerebrospinal fluid, no response to stimulation of the central segment of somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP), normal sensory and motor nerve conduction, and positive serum anti-NF186 antibody (1∶32). After glucocorticoid treatment, the clinical symptoms and SEP were significantly improved. The drug was stopped for 2 months, and there was no recurrence. There were 23 cases of AISP and CISP with complete data reported in the literature (including this patient). The age of onset was (54.7±17.7) years, and the ratio of male to female was 1.88. Three patients with acute onset were classified as AISP. A total of 95.7% (22/23) of patients showed sensory ataxia without limb weakness, 95.0% (19/20) of patients showed prolonged cortical potential latency or even no response, and 95.5% (21/22) of patients showed increased cerebrospinal fluid protein in varying degrees, and nerve root thickening or abnormal enhancement was not common. All 10 patients receiving immunotherapy responded to corticosteroids or intravenous immune globulin. Only 6 AISP/CISP articles reported screening for anti-ganglioside antibodies or Ranvier′s node-paranodal region-related antibodies, and no positive NF186 antibodies were reported. All the 3 patients with AISP had some characteristics of CISP/chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy, and there was no significant difference between AISP and CISP patients in clinical features except the mode of onset.Conclusions:NF186 antibody could cause AISP, which presents as acute onset sensory ataxia. AISP is responsive to glucocorticoid therapy. Except for the mode of onset, AISP and CISP are difficult to distinguish from clinical, electrophysiological, pathological aspects and pathogenic antibodies, so they may be two different manifestations of the same disease.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993551

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy and prognostic factors of 125I seeds implantation in the treatment of patients with advanced lung cancer after radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Methods:From January 2017 to December 2019, 44 patients (39 males, 5 females, age 41-84 years) with advanced lung cancer after radiotherapy and chemotherapy who received 125I seeds implantation in Hebei General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were followed up for ≥12 months, and the clinical efficacies were observed. χ2 test was used to analyze the difference of effective rates between groups. The cut-off value of postoperative dose delivered to 90% gross tumor volume ( D90) was obtained by ROC curve analysis. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the survival rate and log-rank test was used for univariate analysis. Cox proportional hazards model was used for multivariate analysis to find the influencing factors for clinical efficacy. Results:The total effective rate was 72.73%(32/44) after 6 months treatment. The cut-off value of D90 was 120 Gy with the AUC of 0.771. The short-term effective rate of D90≥120 Gy group was better than that of D90<120 Gy group (18/19 vs 56.00%(14/25); χ2=8.17, P=0.004). The 1-year survival rate was 77.27%(34/44). Univariate analysis showed that age ( χ2=3.99, P=0.046), preoperative Hb ( χ2=10.60, P=0.001), tumor maximum diameter ( χ2=11.50, P=0.001) and postoperative D90( χ2=5.81, P=0.016) could affect the survival of patients. Multivariate analysis showed that preoperative Hb (hazard ratio ( HR)=0.023, 95% CI: 0.001-0.882, P=0.043) and tumor maximum diameter ( HR=40.889, 95% CI: 1.458-1 146.586, P=0.029) were prognostic factors. Conclusions:125I seeds implantation shows a good effect in the treatment of lung cancer patients after the progress of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The short-term effect of patients with D90≥120 Gy is better than that of patients with D90<120 Gy. Preoperative Hb and tumor maximum diameter are prognostic factors of survival after implantation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 907-914, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993520

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevention and risk factors of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in the lower extremity after medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO).Methods:A total of 128 patients who underwent medial open wedge HTO in the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 2020 to October 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, including 45 males and 83 females, aged 59.3±6.8 years (range, 44-87 years). Postoperative anticoagulation with enoxaparin sodium was applied at a randomized dose of 4,000 AXaIU/d or 6,000 AXaIU/d. Gender, age, history of chronic diseases (hypertension, diabetes), smoking history, body mass index, and body fat percentage were collected. On admission, the risk of DVT was assessed using the Caprini scale and calf circumference was measured. Hemoglobin, D-dimer, antithrombin III, activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), fibrinogen (FIB), fibrinogen degradation products (FDP), glutathione, glutathione, urea, creatinine, uric acid were recorded. Patients were divided into DVT group and non-DVT group according to whether DVT occurred after operation. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors of DVT after HTO. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted, and the area under curve (AUC) was calculated to analyze the predictive value of the postoperative Caprini scale in the occurrence of DVT after HTO.Results:A total of 128 patients were enrolled, 83 patients were treated with enoxaparin sodium 4 000 AXaIU/d and 45 patients were treated with enoxaparin sodium 6 000 AXaIU/d. According to the results of color Doppler examination of bilateral lower extremity veins on the third day after operation, DVT occurred in 39% (50/128) of patients, including 39 cases of calf intermuscular thrombosis, 6 cases of peroneal vein thrombosis, 4 cases of posterior tibial vein thrombosis, and 1 case of popliteal vein thrombosis. DVT occurred in 36% (30/83) of patients receiving 4 000 AXaIU/d enoxaparin sodium and 44% (20/45) of patients receiving 6 000 AXaIU/d enoxaparin sodium, with no statistically significant difference (χ 2=0.84, P=0.358). Univariate analysis showed that smoking history, postoperative Caprini scale≥8, and female may be associated with the development of DVT after HTO ( P<0.05). They were included in the binary logistic regression, and the results showed that postoperative Caprini scale≥8 was an independent risk factor for DVT after HTO. The ROC curve of postoperative Caprini scale for predicting DVT after HTO was drawn, and the AUC was 0.847 (95% CI: 0.73, 0.96), the optimal cut-off value was 8, and the sensitivity and specificity were 84.2% and 77.6%, respectively. Conclusion:Caprini scale≥8 is an independent risk factor for DVT after medial open wedge HTO. Caprini scale has a good value in predicting the occurrence of DVT after HTO. The recommended dose of enoxaparin sodium is 4 000 AXaIU/d for the prevention of postoperative DVT, and increasing the dose is not associated with a decreased risk of DVT.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 97-106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992577

ABSTRACT

During coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic, the treatment of severe trauma has been impacted. The Consensus on emergency surgery and infection prevention and control for severe trauma patients with 2019 novel corona virus pneumonia was published online on February 12, 2020, providing a strong guidance for the emergency treatment of severe trauma and the self-protection of medical staffs in the early stage of the epidemic. With the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council renaming "novel coronavirus pneumonia" to "novel coronavirus infection" and the infection being managed with measures against class B infectious diseases since January 8, 2023, the consensus published in 2020 is no longer applicable to the emergency treatment of severe trauma in the new stage of epidemic prevention and control. In this context, led by the Chinese Traumatology Association, Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association, Trauma Medicine Branch of Chinese International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Health Care, and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Traumatology, the Chinese expert consensus on emergency surgery for severe trauma and infection prevention during coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic ( version 2023) is formulated to ensure the effectiveness and safety in the treatment of severe trauma in the new stage. Based on the policy of the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council and by using evidence-based medical evidence as well as Delphi expert consultation and voting, 16 recommendations are put forward from the four aspects of the related definitions, infection prevention, preoperative assessment and preparation, emergency operation and postoperative management, hoping to provide a reference for severe trauma care in the new stage of the epidemic prevention and control.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990228

ABSTRACT

Objective:To deeply understand the psychological experience of self-harm in adolescent patients with mental disorder under environmental function model, and to provide reference for the formulation of nursing intervention measures for adolescent patients with mental disorder.Methods:Descriptive phenomenology was used to conduct in-depth interviews with 14 adolescent patients with mental disorders in Wuhan Mental Health Center From February to May 2021. The interview data were analyzed by Colaizzi′s seven-step analysis method.Results:There were 4 themes and 12 sub-themes: cognitive bias of self-harming behavior; psychological and emotional complexity: self-denial and self-loathing, pain, despair, satisfaction and comfort, shame, stigma, guilt; the causes of self-harm: family factors, school factors, personality factors and psychiatric symptoms factors; insufficient self-management ability: insufficient emotional management ability, low medication compliance, low self-efficacy.Conclusions:The self-harm behavior of adolescent mental disorder patients is not optimistic, the psychological and emotional burden is heavy, and the self-management ability is insufficient, so the intervention and prevention of self-harm behavior should be further strengthened.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989656

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the mechanism of Jindan Tablets, Xiaoyan Lidan Tablets and ursodeoxycholic acid in the treatment of gallstone and cholecystitis based on network pharmacology; To conduct a comparative analysis.Methods:The chemical components of Jindan Tablets, Xiaoyan Lidan Tablets and ursodeoxycholic acid and their drug targets were collected from Traditional Chinese Medicine Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP). DAVID 6.8 database was used to search for the associated diseases of the drug targets. The disease targets of gallstone and cholecystitis were collected from GeneCards and other databases. The protein-protein interactions network was established based on the intersecting targets of three drugs and two diseases. KEGG enrichment analysis was performed based on the DAVID 6.8 database. Cytoscape 3.7.1 software was used to construct a complex network and topology analysis of component- target- disease between three drugs and diseases.Results:222 chemical components and 3 133 drug targets were collected for Jindan Tablets. 104 chemical components and 1 425 action targets were collected for Xiaoyan Lidan Tablets. 1 chemical component and 119 action targets were collected for ursodeoxycholic acid. The three drugs were associated with 31 diseases. 1 382 disease targets for gallstones and cholecystitis were collected. There were 237, 163 and 33 targets for gallstones and cholecystitis in the three drugs, of which 17 were shared by the three drugs and 20 were shared by Jindan Tablets and Xiaoyan Lidan Tablets. Based on the DAVID database, 113, 74 and 10 significant KEGG enrichment pathways were obtained for the three drugs respectively.Conclusions:The three drugs shared many targets and pathways in the treatment of gallstones and cholecystitis, which all had the function of regulating metabolism and inhibiting inflammatory response, while participating in apoptosis, oxidative stress and cancer pathology process. However, they had their own special effects, with Jindan Tablets favoring involving in the cancer process and inhibition of inflammation, and promoting angiogenesis. Xiaoyan Lidan Tablets and ursodeoxycholic acid focused on regulating cholesterol metabolism, and Xiaoyan Lidan Tablets also regulated steroid metabolism and inhibit inflammation, while ursodeoxycholic acid regulated bile acid metabolism.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989343

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical value of SRY-Box transcription factor 7 ( SOX7) gene methylation in renal cancer and its effect on the biological behavior of renal cancer cells. Methods:80 patients with renal cancer (the kidney cancer group) and 50 patients with benign renal disease (the control group) were selected as the research subjects. Synthetic oligonucleotide sequences (MON, UMON, and CON) were designed and transfected into A498 renal carcinoma cells. Methyl-specific PCR was used to detect the methylation status of the SOX7 gene in the tumor and adjacent tissue of the kidney cancer group as well as in the renal tissue of the control group. The relationship between SOX7 gene methylation and clinicopathological factors was analyzed. The migration and invasion of A498 renal cancer cells in the MON group, UMON group, and CON group were detected by the Transwell chamber. Results:The SOX7 gene methylation rate in tumor tissue of the kidney cancer group was significantly higher than that of the control group and the adjacent tissue, and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 67.522, P < 0.05). The SOX7 gene is methylated in renal cancer cell lines such as Caki-1, 786-O, 769-P, while it is unmethylated in A498 renal cancer cells. There were no statistical differences in the SOX7 gene methylation rate in the tumor tissue of the renal cancer group in terms of gender, age, or pathological type (all P > 0.05). There were statistical differences in the degree of differentiation, maximum tumor diameter, lymph node metastasis, tumor number, and TNM staging in the renal cancer group in terms of tumor tissue SOX7 gene methylation rate (all P < 0.05). After transfection with MON, the SOX7 gene methylation of A498 renal cancer cells could be successfully induced, and the day-1 to day-7 cell viability, cell migration, and invasion numbers of A498 renal cancer cells in the MON group were significantly higher than those in the UMON group and the CON group ( P < 0.05). Conclusions:Hypermethylation of the SOX7 gene can promote the proliferation, migration, and invasion of renal cancer cells and has important clinical value in the evaluation of the disease and prognosis of renal cancer.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988735

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo assess the value of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in the treatment of uterine fibroid using magnetic resonance guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS). MethodsThe MRI and clinical data of 56 patients with uterine fibroid before, at 3 and 6 months after MRgFUS treatment, at Foshan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from December 2018 to October 2022, were retrospectively analyzed. The correlation between the ADC value and lesion volume, symptoms severity score (SSS) and uterine fibroid symptoms quality of life questionnaire (UFS-QOL) were analyzed. ANOVA was used to compare the differences in related parameters before and after treatment, and Pearson’s method was performed to analyze data correlation. ResultsThere were significant differences in ADC value [(1.11±0.13), (1.84±0.09), (2.12±0.24),×10-3/(mm2/s)], lesion volume (102±35.30, 56.70±18.88, 46.93±18.99,cm3), SSS (36.73±11.74, 21.77±10.21, 17.66±9.30) and UFS-QOL score (59.05±17.48, 76.54±16.50, 82.46±12.37) between before treatment and each time point after treatment (F value was 557.837, 73.589, 53.976 and 37.606, respectively, all P<0.05). The ADC values were negatively correlated with lesion volume and SSS, and positively correlated with UFS-QOL score, with correlation coefficients of -0.586, -0.630 and 0.592, respectively (all P<0.05). ConclusionThe ADC value has clinical significance for the treatment of uterine fibroid using MRgFUS.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970470

ABSTRACT

As a biocatalyst, enzyme has the advantages of high catalytic efficiency, strong reaction selectivity, specific target products, mild reaction conditions, and environmental friendliness, and serves as an important tool for the synthesis of complex organic molecules. With the continuous development of gene sequencing technology, molecular biology, genetic manipulation, and other technologies, the diversity of enzymes increases steadily and the reactions that can be catalyzed are also gradually diversified. In the process of enzyme-catalyzed synthesis, the majority of common enzymatic reactions can be achieved by single enzyme catalysis, while many complex reactions often require the participation of two or more enzymes. Therefore, the combination of multiple enzymes together to construct the multi-enzyme cascade reactions has become a research hotspot in the field of biochemistry. Nowadays, the biosynthetic pathways of more natural products with complex structures have been clarified, and secondary metabolic enzymes with novel catalytic activities have been identified, discovered, and combined in enzymatic synthesis of natural/unnatural molecules with diverse structures. This study summarized a series of examples of multi-enzyme-catalyzed cascades and highlighted the application of cascade catalysis methods in the synthesis of carbohydrates, nucleosides, flavonoids, terpenes, alkaloids, and chiral molecules. Furthermore, the existing problems and solutions of multi-enzyme-catalyzed cascade method were discussed, and the future development direction was prospected.


Subject(s)
Biological Products/chemistry , Catalysis , Alkaloids , Biocatalysis
15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 232-238, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970186

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the feasibility and surgical approach of removing type D trigeminal schwannoma through nasal cavity and nasal sinus under endoscope. Methods: Eleven patients with trigeminal schwannoma who were treated in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from December 2014 to August 2021 were analyzed retrospectively in this study. There were 7 males and 4 females, aged (47.5±13.5) years (range: 12 to 64 years). The neoplasm involved the pterygopalatine fossa, infratemporal fossa, ethmoidal sinus, sphenoid sinus, cavernous sinus, and middle cranial fossa. The size of tumors were between 1.6 cm×2.0 cm×2.0 cm and 5.7 cm×6.0 cm×6.0 cm. Under general anesthesia, the tumors were resected through the transpterygoid approach in 4 cases, through the prelacrimal recess approach in 4 cases, through the extended prelacrimal recess approach in 2 cases, and through the endoscopic medial maxillectomy approach in 1 case. The nasal endoscopy and imaging examination were conducted to detect whether neoplasm recurred or not, and the main clinical symptoms during follow-up. Results: All the surgical procedures were performed under endonasal endoscope, including Gross total resection in 10 patients. The tumor of a 12-year-old patient was not resected completely due to huge tumor size and limited operation space. One patient was accompanied by two other schwannomas located in the occipital region and the ipsilateral parotid gland region originating from the zygomatic branch of the facial nerve, both of which were removed concurrently. After tumor resection, the dura mater of middle cranial fossa was directly exposed in the nasal sinus in 2 cases, including 1 case accompanied by cerebrospinal fluid leakage which was reconstructed by a free mucosal flap obtained from the middle turbinate, the other case was packed by the autologous fat to protect the dura mater. The operation time was (M(IQR)) 180 (160) minutes (range: 120 to 485 minutes). No complications and deaths were observed. No recurrence was observed in the 10 patients with total tumor resection during a 58 (68) months' (range: 10 to 90 months) follow-up. No obvious change was observed in the facial appearance of all patients during the follow-up. Conclusion: Type D trigeminal schwannoma involving pterygopalatine fossa and infratemporal fossa can be removed safely through purely endoscopic endonasal approach by selecting the appropriate approach according to the size and involvement of the tumor.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Retrospective Studies , Endoscopy/methods , Nasal Cavity/surgery , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Cranial Nerve Neoplasms/surgery
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982146

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and clinical significance of soluble Fas (sFas) and sFasL in patients with secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (sHLH).@*METHODS@#From September 2015 to December 2020, 86 sHLH patients who met the HLH2004 diagnostic criteria were collected. They were divided into 55 cases in the MAHLH group and 31 cases in the NonMAHLH group according to the etiology. Thirty healthy persons were chosen as the normal control group, and 20 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) were chosen as the disease control group. The expression levels of sFas and sFasL in the serum of patients with each group were detected by ELISA, and the clinical data were collected for statistical analysis. The significance of sFas and sFasL in sHLH was analyzed by ROC curve.@*RESULTS@#Serum levels of sFas and sFasL in patients with newly diagnosed sHLH were significantly higher than those in disease control group and normal control group (P<0.01). The levels of sFas and sFasL in MAHLH group were significantly higher than those in nonMAHLH (infection related HLH and autoimmune disease related HLH) group (P<0.01). The serum levels of sFas and sFasL in 17 newly treated patients with sHLH (17/86) after treatment were significantly lower than those before treatment (P<0.01). The serum sFas level in newly diagnosed sHLH patients was positively correlated with SF(r=0.35), sCD25(r=0.79) and sFasL(r=0.73). The serum sFasL level was positively correlated with SF(r=0.39), sCD25(r=0.64) and sFas(r=0.73). Compared with the NonMAHLH group, the area under the ROC curve was 0.707 (95% CI: 0.593-0.821) (P=0.0015). The optimal critical value for diagnosing MAHLH by sFas level was 12 743 pg/ml, and the sensitivity and specificity were 70.9% and 71% respectively. Compared with the NonMAHLH group, the area under the ROC curve was 0.765(95% CI: 0.659-0.87)(P<0.01). The median OS time of sFas high expression group (≥16798.5 pg/ml) and sFasL high expression group (≥4 785 pg/ml) was significantly shorter than that of the low expression group (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Serum levels of sFas and sFasL can be used for the early diagnosis and differential diagnosis of sHLH disease, and are the factor related to the poor prognosis of sHLH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Clinical Relevance , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982076

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and prognosis of multiple myeloma(MM) patients with secondary primary malignancies.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of newly diagnosed MM patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2011 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients with secondary primary malignancies were retrieved, and their clinical features and prognosis were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1 935 patients with newly diagnosed MM were admitted in this period, with a median age of 62 (18-94) years old, of which 1 049 cases were hospitalized twice or more. There were eleven cases with secondary primary malignancies (the incidence rate was 1.05%), including three cases of hematological malignancies (2 cases of acute myelomonocytic leukemia and 1 case of acute promyelocytic leukemia) and eight cases of solid tumors (2 cases of lung adenocarcinoma, and 1 case each of endometrial cancer, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, primary liver cancer, bladder cancer, cervical squamous cell carcinoma, and meningioma). The median age of onset was 57 years old. The median time between diagnosis of secondary primary malignancies and diagnosis of MM was 39.4 months. There were seven cases with primary or secondary plasma cell leukemia, the incidence rate was 0.67%, and the median age of onset was 52 years old. Compared with the randomized control group, the β2-microglobulin level in the secondary primary malignancies group was lower (P=0.028), and more patients were in stage I/II of ISS (P=0.029). Among the 11 patients with secondary primary malignancies, one survived, ten died, and the median survival time was 40 months. The median survival time of MM patients after the secondary primary malignancies was only seven months. All seven patients with primary or secondary plasma cell leukemia died, with a median survival time of 14 months. The median overall survival time of MM patients with secondary primary malignancies was longer than that of the patients with plasma cell leukemia (P=0.027).@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence rate of MM with secondary primary malignancies is 1.05%. MM patients with secondary primary malignancies have poor prognosis and short median survival time, but the median survival time is longer than that of patients with plasma cell leukemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Multiple Myeloma/complications , Leukemia, Plasma Cell , Retrospective Studies , Esophageal Neoplasms/complications , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/complications , Prognosis , Neoplasms, Second Primary
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981986

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the distribution characteristics and correlation of intestinal and pharyngeal microbiota in early neonates.@*METHODS@#Full-term healthy neonates who were born in Shanghai Pudong New Area Maternal and Child Health Hospital from September 2021 to January 2022 and were given mixed feeding were enrolled. The 16S rRNA sequencing technique was used to analyze the stool and pharyngeal swab samples collected on the day of birth and days 5-7 after birth, and the composition and function of intestinal and pharyngeal microbiota were analyzed and compared.@*RESULTS@#The diversity analysis showed that the diversity of pharyngeal microbiota was higher than that of intestinal microbiota in early neonates, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). On the day of birth, the relative abundance of Proteobacteria in the intestine was significantly higher than that in the pharynx (P<0.05). On days 5-7 after birth, the relative abundance of Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria in the intestine was significantly higher than that in the pharynx (P<0.05), and the relative abundance of Firmicutes in the intestine was significantly lower than that in the pharynx (P<0.05). At the genus level, there was no significant difference in the composition of dominant bacteria between the intestine and the pharynx on the day of birth (P>0.05), while on days 5-7 after birth, there were significant differences in the symbiotic bacteria of Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Rothia, Bifidobacterium, and Escherichia-Shigella between the intestine and the pharynx (P<0.05). The analysis based on the database of Clusters of Orthologous Groups of proteins showed that pharyngeal microbiota was more concentrated on chromatin structure and dynamics and cytoskeleton, while intestinal microbiota was more abundant in RNA processing and modification, energy production and conversion, amino acid transport and metabolism, carbohydrate transport and metabolism, coenzyme transport and metabolism, and others (P<0.05). The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis showed that compared with pharyngeal microbiota, intestinal microbiota was more predictive of cell motility, cellular processes and signal transduction, endocrine system, excretory system, immune system, metabolic diseases, nervous system, and transcription parameters (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The composition and diversity of intestinal and pharyngeal microbiota of neonates are not significantly different at birth. The microbiota of these two ecological niches begin to differentiate and gradually exhibit distinct functions over time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Bacteria , China , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Intestines , Microbiota , Pharynx/microbiology , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015618

ABSTRACT

Hrr25 is a member of the casein kinase 1 family in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and has serine / threonine protein kinase activity. It can function by phosphorylating a variety of proteins. The substrate proteins of Hrr25 include autophagy related proteins, COPII (coat protein complexes II) vesicle coat proteins Sec24 and Sec23, eukaryotic translation initiation factor 6, γ- Tubulin tub4, and extender complex protein 1, etc. In addition, Hrr25 can also interact with meiotic recombinant protein Rec8, Nucleoporin Nup53, transcription regulator Crz1, and transcription activator Haa1, etc. A variety of interacting proteins of Hrr25 enable it to play a role in autophagy, vesicular transport, microtubule assembly, meiosis, mitosis, DNA repair, ribosomal biogenesis, weak organic acid stress and other biological processes. In order to better understand the action mechanism of Hrr25 in various biological processes and the relationship between various biological processes, this paper summarizes the biological functions and action mechanism of Hrr25, and the potential significance of its research, so as to provide a theoretical basis for the further research of Hrr25.

20.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 181-187, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015234

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of dexmedetomidine (DEX), an α2- adrenoceptor agonist, on the pain-related anxiety-like and depression-like behaviour induced by complete Freund' s adjuvant (CFA) injection and its possible regulatory mechanism. Methods Thirty-six ICR female mice were randomly divided into normal saline (NS) group, CFA group and DEX + CFA group, n = 12 for each group. Chronic inflammatory pain model was established by subcutaneous injection of 10 μl CFA into the right hind limb of mice. DEX + CFA group mice were injected intraperitoneally with 0.025 mg/kg DEX 30 minutes before nociceptive behavior test, and once a day for 7 days. Von-frey fiber was used to evaluate the threshold of mechanical pain in mice, n = 12 for each group. The anxiety-like behavior of mice were detected by open field test, n = 12 for each group. Sucrose preference, tail suspension test and forced swimming test were used to detected the depression-like behavior of mice, n = 12 for each group. The expression of adrenergic receptor β2 (ADRB2), Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), tyrosine kinase B receptor (TrkB), and glutamate receptors 1 (GluR1) and GluR2 were detected by Western blotting, n = 8 for each group. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of recombinant doublecortin(DCX), which is a marker of newborn neurons in the hippocampus, n = 4 for each group. Results Compared with the NS group, the mechanical threshold of mice on the 1st, 3rd and 7th day after CFA injection decreased significantly (P 0.05). Compared with the NS group, the time spent in the inner ares (P<0.01), number of entering the central grid area (P<0.01) and distance travelled in the inner area (P<0.01) of CFA group mice reduced significantly, while the time (P<0.01), numbers (P < 0.05) and distance (P < 0.05) of DEX + CFA group mice entering the central grid area enhanced significantly. The result of depression-like behavior tests showed that the sucrose preference percentage (P < 0.05) reduced significantly in CFA group when compared with NS group, and the immobility time increased significantly in tail suspension test (P<0.01) and forced swimming test (P< 0.001) in CFA mice when compared with NS group, while DEX intervention could significantly increase the sucrose preference scores (P<0.05) and decreased the immobility time in tail suspension test (P<0.05) and forced swimming test (P<0.05). The result of Western blotting showed that compared with the NS group, the levels of ADRB2 (P<0.0010), BDNF (P < 0.001), TrkB (P < 0.01), GluR1 (P < 0.001) and GluR2 (P < 0.001) in the hippocampus of CFA group were significantly decreased, while DEX intervention could significantly increase the expression of ADRB2 (P<0.05), BDNF (P < 0.001), TrkB (P < 0.001), GluR1 (P < 0.001) and GluR2 (P < 0.001). Immunohistochemical result showed that compared with the NS group, the average absorbance (AA) of DCX decreased significantly in hippocampus of CFA group (P<0.05), but increased significantly in DEX+CFA group (P < 0.05). Conclusion Dexmedetomidine may promote hippocampal neurogenesis through upregulated the expression of BDNF-TrkB, thus improving CFA-induced anxiety-like and depression-like behaviors in mice.

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