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1.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 379-383, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884060

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of homocysteine (Hcy) on peripheral vascular plaque formation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) combine subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH), and to provide guidance for clinical medication and prognosis judgement.Methods:A total of 125 patients with type 2 diabetes admitted to the NO.3201 Hospital from 2018 Jan to Dec 2019 were selected. 125 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were divided into T2DM without plaque group (40 cases), plaque group (23 cases), T2DM with SCH without plaque group (25 cases) and plaque group (37 cases) according to thyroid function and whether they had peripheral vascular plaque. Data were collected to analyze the influencing factors of peripheral vascular disease.Results:(1) The incidence of vascular plaque in T2DM group and T2DM with SCH group was 36.5%(23/63) and 59.7%(37/62), respectively, with significant difference ( P<0.05). (2) There were significant differences in serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), apolipoprotein A (ApoA), triglyceride (TG) and Hcy between T2DM group and T2DM with SCH group ( P<0.05); there was significant difference in low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) and Hcy between T2DM groups with or without plaque ( P<0.05); there were significant differences in ApoA and Hcy between T2DM with SCH group with or without plaque ( P<0.05). (3) Logistic regression analysis showed that Hcy was the risk factors for the occurrence of vascular plaque in T2DM and T2DM with SCH group ( OR=1.640, 2.695, P<0.05). (4) Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that the area under the curve of Hcy in T2DM group was 0.842 and Youden index was 15.75 μmol/L; The Hcy's area under ROC curve was 0.945 and Youden index was 12.9 μmol/L in T2DM with SCH. Conclusions:Hcy is closely related to the presence of peripheral vascular plaque in T2DM patients with subclinical hypothyroidism. The detection of blood Hcy level can provide new ideas for early diagnosis and treatment of peripheral vascular lesions in T2DM patients with SCH.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882908

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the association between the types of response to head-up tilt test (HUTT) and levels of various vitamins in children and adolescents with orthostatic intolerance.Methods:Sixty-five cases of children and adolescents 35 males and 30 females aged 5-14 (10.5±2.0) years old who complained orthostatic intolerance symptoms, including syncope, dizziness, headache, and chest tightness, in Children′s Medical Center, the Se-cond Xiangya Hospital, Central South University between November 2018 and April 2019, were enrolled.By comprehensive history, physical examination, and necessary laboratory testing, heart, cerebrovascular and other system diseases were excluded.According to HUTT result, these patients were divided into 2 groups, namely negative HUTT group and positive HUTT group.The serum levels of vitamin A 1, B 1, B 2, B 6, B 9, B 12, C, and E were compared between the 2 groups.Continuous data were analyzed by conducting t-test and categorical data were analyzed by performing χ2 test. Results:(1) There were 32 cases (18 males and 14 females) in negative HUTT group and 33 cases (17 males and 16 females) in positive HUTT groups, with 28 cases of vaso vagal syncope and 5 cases of postural tachycardia syndrome.There were no significant differences in age, gender ratio, and body mass index between the negative HUTT group and positive HUTT group.(2) The serum level of vitamin B 1 of positive HUTT group was lower than that of negative HUTT group [(77.43±16.70) nmol/L vs.(88.56±18.98) nmol/L, t=-2.513, P<0.05], while the levels of vitamin A 1, B 2, B 6, B 9, B 12, C, and E had no significant differences between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Patients with positive responses to HUTT relatively lacked vitamin B 1, suggesting the role of vitamin B 1 in the pathophysiological process of neurally mediated syncope.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882042

ABSTRACT

With the deepening of the schistosomiasis research, risk assessment models have been widely used in schistosomiasis research and control. This paper reviews the theoretical basis and applications of common schistosomiasis risk assessment models and the Bayesian model, so as to provide insights into national schistosomiasis elimination program in China.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882026

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of current advanced schistosomiasis cases in China, so as to provide the scientific evidence for the precision management and medical care of advanced schistosomiasis. Methods The baseline data pertaining to the current advanced schistosomiasis cases in China were collected from the Epidemiological Dynamic Data Collection Platform (EDDC) operated by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The demographic characteristics, population and regional distribution and medical care of advanced schistosomiasis cases were analyzed with a descriptive method. Results A total of 31 889 cases with advanced schistosomiasis were reported in China by the end of June, 2019, and these cases were mainly identified in Hubei Province (7 737 cases) followed by in Jiangxi Province (7 256 cases), Hunan Province (5 615 cases), Anhui Province (5 236 cases) and Jiangsu Province (2 908 cases), accounting for 90.2% (28 752/31 889) of total cases in China. The current advanced schistosomiasis cases had a male/female ratio of 1.5∶1, and a mean age of (67.0 ± 11.2) years, with 92.6% (29 521/31 889) detected in individuals at ages of over 50 years. There were 97.6% (31 109/31 889) of the cases with an educational level of junior high school and lower, and 95.2% (30 359/31 889) with an occupation of farmers. Ascites (72.6%, 23 164/31 889) and splenomegaly types (26.3%, 8 386/31 889) were predominant in current advanced schistosomiasis cases in China, and there was a significant difference in the constituent ratio of disease types among current advanced schistosomiasis cases with different age groups (χ2 = 362.31, P < 0.01), with the ascites type as the predominant type of advanced schistosomiasis. Among the current advanced schistosomiasis cases, 88.9% (28 358/31 889) and 18.7% (5 973/31 889) had received medical treatment and surgical treatment, respectively. Conclusions The current advanced schistosomiasis cases are predominantly reported in five marshland and lake endemic provinces of China where schistosomiasis is not eliminated, and are mostly categorized as the ascites and megalosplenia types, with minor differences seen in gender and disease-type distributions. Precision medical care should be reinforced according to the epidemiological features of the current advanced schistosomiasis cases, and early screening and standard management and follow-up is required.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882025

ABSTRACT

This report presented the endemic status of schistosomiasis in the People’s Republic of China at a national level in 2020, and analyzed the data collected from the national schistosomiasis prevention and control system and national schistosomiasis surveillance sites. Among the 12 provinces (municipality and autonomous region) endemic for schistosomiasis in China, Shanghai Municipality, Zhejiang Province, Fujian Province, Guangdong Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region continued to consolidate the achievements of schistosomiasis elimination, and Sichuan and Jiangsu provinces maintained the criteria of transmission interruption, while Yunnan, Hubei, Anhui, Jiangxi and Hunan provinces maintained the criteria of transmission control by the end of 2020. A total of 450 counties (cites, districts) were found to be endemic for schistosomiasis in China, with 28 376 endemic villages covering 71 370 400 people at risk of infections. Among the 450 endemic counties (cities, districts), 74.89% (337/450), 21.87% (98/450) and 3.33% (15/450) achieved the criteria of elimination, transmission interruption and transmission control of schistosomiasis, respectively. By the end of 2020, 29 517 cases with advanced schistosomiasis were documented in China. In 2020, 11 117 655 individuals received inquiry examinations and 1 798 580 were positive; 5 263 082 individuals received serological tests and 83 179 were sero-positive. A total of 273 712 individuals received stool examinations and 3 were positive, including one case of acute schistosomiasis. In 2020, snail survey was performed in 19 733 endemic villages in China and Oncomelania snails were found in 7 309 villages, accounting for 37.04% of all surveyed villages, with 15 villages identified with emerging snail habitats. Snail survey covered an area of 736 984.13 hm2 and 206 125.22 hm2 snail habitats were found, including 1 174.67 hm2 emerging snail habitats and 1.96 hm2 habitats with infected snails. In 2020, 544 424 bovines were raised in the schistosomiasis-endemic areas of China, and 147 887 received serological examinations, with 326 positives detected, while 130 673 bovines received stool examinations, with no positives identified. In 2020, there were 19 214 patients with schistosomiasis receiving praziquantel chemotherapy, and 964 103 person-time individuals and 266 280 herd-time bovines were given expanded chemotherapy. In 2020, molluscicide treatment was performed in 136 141.92 hm2 snail habitats, and the actual area of chemical treatment was 71 980.22 hm2, while environmental improvements were performed in snail habitats covering an area of 1 464.03 hm2. Data from the national schistosomiasis surveillance sites of China showed that the mean prevalence of Schistosoma japonicum infections were both zero in humans and bovines in 2020, and no S. japonicum infection was detected in snails. The results demonstrate that the overall endemic status of schistosomiasis remains at a low level in China and the goal of the National Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for Schistosomiasis Control was achieved as scheduled; however, the endemic situation of schistosomiasis rebounded in local areas. Precision schistosomiasis control and intensified monitoring of the endemic situation and transmission risk of schistosomiasis are required to be performed to facilitate the progress towards elimination of schistosomiasis steadily.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879899

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical features of preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g undergoing different intensities of resuscitation.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g and a gestational age less than 32 weeks who were treated in the neonatal intensive care unit of 20 hospitals in Jiangsu, China from January 2018 to December 2019. According to the intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room, the infants were divided into three groups:non-tracheal intubation (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the non-tracheal intubation group, the tracheal intubation and ECPR groups had significantly lower rates of cesarean section and use of antenatal corticosteroid (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g, the higher intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room is related to lower rate of antenatal corticosteroid therapy, lower gestational age, and lower birth weight. The infants undergoing tracheal intubation or ECRP in the delivery room have an increased incidence rate of adverse clinical outcomes. This suggests that it is important to improve the quality of perinatal management and delivery room resuscitation to improve the prognosis of the infants.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Cesarean Section , China , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879848

ABSTRACT

A girl, aged 15 years, was admitted due to sudden convulsion once and multiple pulmonary nodules on lung CT. Acrocyanosis or acropachy/toe deformity was not observed. Laboratory examinations showed an increase in hemoglobin (162 g/L) and a reduction in arterial partial pressure of oxygen (61.5 mm Hg). Lung CT showed irregular slightly high-density nodules in the middle lobe of the right lung, and contrast-enhanced CT scan showed obvious enhancement with thick vascular shadow locally. An investigation of medical history revealed that the girl's mother had a history of epistaxis and resection of pulmonary mass and the girl presented with tongue telangiectasia. The girl was diagnosed with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia and pulmonary arteriovenous malformation. she was given interventional embolization therapy. Transcutaneous oxygen saturation reached 98% without oxygen inhalation on the day after surgery. Pulmonary angiography at 3 months after surgery showed the recurrence of pulmonary vascular malformation, and embolization of pulmonary arterial fistula was not performed since the guide wire could not enter the branch artery. There was still a need for long-term follow-up.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Arteriovenous Fistula , Arteriovenous Malformations , Female , Humans , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Pulmonary Artery/diagnostic imaging , Seizures
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 663-672, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878591

ABSTRACT

We developed a high-efficiency microfluidic chip for extracting exosomes from human plasma. We collected peripheral blood from normal human, designed and fabricated a microfluidic chip based on nanoporous membrane and agarose gel electrophoresis to isolate exosomes. The extracted exosomes were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, nanosight and Western blotting, the morphology, concentration and particle size of exosomes were identified and analyzed. Meanwhile, we used ultracentrifugation and microfluidic chip to isolate exosomes separately. The particle size and concentration of the exosomes extracted by two methods were compared and analyzed, and their respective extraction efficiency was discussed. Finally, the expression level of miRNA-21 in exosomes was analyzed by RT-PCR. The microfluidic chip isolated (in 1 hour) high-purity exosomes with size ranging from 30-200 nm directly from human plasma, allowing downstream exosomal miRNA analysis. By comparing with ultracentrifugation, the isolation yield of microfluidic chip was 3.80 times higher than ultracentrifugation when the volume of plasma sample less than 100 μL. The optimized parameters for exosome isolation by gel electrophoresis microfluidic chip were: voltage: 100 V; concentration of agarose gel: 1.0%; flow rate of injection pump: 0.1 mL/h. The gel electrophoresis microfluidic chips could rapidly and efficiently isolate the exosomes, showing great potential in the research of exosomes and cancer biomarkers.


Subject(s)
Exosomes , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Microfluidics , Plasma , Ultracentrifugation
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878447

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to compare the salivary biochemical indices between caries-free individuals and those with early childhood caries (ECC), and construct a saliva-based caries diagnostic model by analyzing the correlation between salivary biochemical indices and caries severity.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 children aged 4-6 years were selected and divided into two groups: individuals with ECC (C group, @*RESULTS@#The NO@*CONCLUSIONS@#Salivary biochemical indices can contribute to the diagnosis and risk assessment of ECC.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Humans , Saliva
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873558

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 cases reported in Xianyang City from January to February 2020. Methods We retrospectively studied 17 COVID-19 patients diagnosed in Xianyang Central Hospital. The patients were characterized clinically and epidemiologically. Results The 17 patients included 10 male and 7 female, with an average age of(39.59±17.31)years. The median interval of time between onset and diagnosis was four days(1-10 days), whereas the median duration of COVID-19 was 16 days(3-23 days). Of the patients, six were mild, 10 were pneumonia, and one was severe. A total of 15 patients had fever as the onset, accompanied by fatigue, sore throat, sputum, vomit, muscle soreness; the other two patients were asymptomatic. There were no complications documented in all the patients. Patients had low levels of white blood cells and lymphocytes. Chest CT scan showed diverse diffuse ground-glass shadow. Eleven patients had travel history in Wuhan before the onset, four patients had contact with people who had travel history or residence history in Wuhan, and the other two patients did not report epidemiological exposure history. In addition, four of the 17 patients were clustered cases. Conclusion General population is susceptible to COVID-19. The majority of the confirmed cases have epidemiological exposure history. Routine examination, including white blood cell, lymphocyte count and CT scan may facilitate early diagnosis.

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 480-484, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873490

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the method for simultaneous determination of 5-fluorouracil(5-FU)and its metabolites 5-fluoro-5,6-dihydrouracil (5-FUH2) in human plasma ,and apply it in the clinic. METHODS :After plasma samples were processed twice by ethyl acetate ,UPLC-MS/MS method was adopted using 5-bromouracil (5-Bru) as internal standard. The determination was performed on Acquity UPLC HSS T 3 column with mobile phase consisted of methanol-water (30 ∶ 70,V/V)at the flow rate of 0.3 mL/min. The column temperature was 20 ℃,and sample size was 5 μL. An electrospray ion source was used to carry out negative ion scanning with multiple reaction monitoring. The capillary voltage was 1.5 kV;the taper hole voltage was 20 V;the desolvent temperature was 450 ℃;the desolvent air flow was 850 L/h;the cone hole gas velocity was 50 L/h. The ion transitions for quantitative analysis were m/z 129.00→41.90(5-FU),m/z 130.87→82.92(5-FUH2),m/z 189.00→42.10(5-Bru), respectively. From Aug. to Oct. 2020,10 patients with advanced colorectal cancer were treated with continuous intravenous drip of 5-FU for 46 hours were collected from Harbin Medicinal University Cancer Hospital. Steady-state plasma concentration of 5-FU and plasma concentration of 5-FUH2 were determined at 18-30 h of continuous intravenous drip. The area under the curve (AUC)for 5-FU and concentration ratio of 5-FUH2/5-FU were calculated. RESULTS :The linear range of 5-FU and 5-FUH2 were 20 to 1 000 μg/mL(R 2>0.990). The quantification limits were 20 ng/mL. RSDs of precision test were all lower than 20%,and relative error ranged ±10%. The extraction recovery and matrix effects didn ’t affect the determination of substance to be measured. Among 10 patients with advanced colorectal cancer ,the steady-state concentration of 5-FU were 180.04-622.83 ng/mL,and AUC of 5-FU ranged from 8.28 to 28.65 mg·h/L. The concentration of 5-FUH2 ranged 336.48-948.43 ng/mL,and concentration ratio of 5-FUH2/ 5-FU ranged 0.93-4.21. AUC of 5-FU in 10 patients had about 3-4 fold individual differences. CONCLUSIONS :The established method has good precision and accuracy ,high sensitivity ,and simple operation. It can be used for plasma monitoring of 5-FU in patients with advanced colorectal cancer.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 484-488, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815842

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents of Zingiber officinale peel were isolated and purified by various chromatographic separation techniques such as Diaion HP-20, MCI Gel CHP-20, Sephadex LH-20, ODS, silica gel and semi-preparative HPLC. Seven terpenoids were identified by physicochemical properties and spectral data: (4R,6S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-5,5-dimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]hept-2-en-4-ol (1), 4-(hydroxymethyl)-1-isopropylcyclohex-2-ene-3,4-diol (2), 3,5,6-trihydroxy-7-megastigmen-9-one (3), 3-(3-hydroxybutyl)-2,4,4-trimethyl-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-one (4), angelicoidenol (5), grasshopper ketone (6), and dihydrophaseic acid (7), in which compounds 1, 2 are new compounds, named: (4R,6S)-1-(hydroxymethyl)-5,5-dimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]hept-2-en-4-ol and 4-(hydroxymethyl)-1-isopropylcyclohex-2-ene-3,4-diol, and compounds 3-7 were obtained from this plant for the first time.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781493

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical manifestations and laboratory features of B-ALL patients with EP300-ZNF384 fusion gene positive, so as to improve the understanding of this subtype disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 3 B-ALL patients with EP300-ZNF384 fusion gene positive admitted in Department of Hematology, the first medical center of Chinese PLA general hospital from February 2017 to February 2018 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. The clinical and laboratory characteristics as well as the therapentic outcome in B-ALL patients with EP300-ZNF384 fusion gene positive were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The fusion gene of EP300-ZNF384 was detected in 8.1%(3/37) of B-ALL patients. All cases showed the normal karyotype and aberrant CD13 and/or CD33 expression for immunophenotype. 3 patients were sensitive to traditional chemotherapy.@*CONCLUSION@#The B-ALL with EEP300-ZNF384 fusion gene positive may be a subgroup of B-ALL with a uniqe clinical characteristis and laboatorial features. EP300-ZNF384 positive patients show a good response to conventional chemotherapy, suggesting a favorable prognosis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812930

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantitatively evaluate the diagnostic value of variable-temperature and isothermal nucleic acid amplification techniques in the detection of schistosomiasis japonica using a meta-analysis. Methods The publications pertaining to the nucleic acid detection of schistosomiasis japonica were searched in electronic databases, including Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Data, PubMed and ScienceDirect, and the compilations and proceedings of schistosomiasis were manually searched. In addition, the citations of publications associated with the nucleic acid detection of schistosomiasis japonica were traced using a document tracing method. The retrieved literatures were screened according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and data were extracted from the included literatures. The quality of the included literatures was assessed using the software RevMan version 5.3, and a meta-analysis was performed using the software MetaDiSc version 1.4. Results A total of 19 publications covering 24 groups of studies were enrolled, including 5 Chinese publications and 14 English publications. There were 17 groups of studies reporting the comparison between the variable-temperature nucleic acid amplification technique and the golden standard, and 7 groups of studies showing the comparison between the isothermal nucleic acid amplification technique and the golden standard. Assessment of the literature quality indicated a minor overall bias of the included literatures, and the Deek funnel plot showed a possible publication bias in the documents reports variable-temperature nucleic acid amplification techniques. There was a heterogeneity caused by non-threshold effect among the studies associated with the variable-temperature amplification technique, and the random effects model was therefore used to combine the effects. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of the variable-temperature amplification technique were 0.81 (0.79 to 0.83) and 0.73 (0.71 to 0.74) for the diagnosis of schistosomiasis japonica, and area under the SROC curve was 0.944 3. There was no heterogeneity among the studies associated with the isothermal amplification technique, and the fixed effects model was therefore used to combine the effects. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of the isothermal amplification technique were 0.96 (0.94 to 0.98) and 0.95 (0.94 to 0.97) for the diagnosis of schistosomiasis japonica, and area under the SROC curve was 0.989 9. Conclusions Both variable-temperature and isothermal nucleic acid amplification techniques have a high efficiency for the diagnosis of schistosomiasis japonica, and the isothermal amplification technique shows a relatively higher accuracy than the variable-temperature amplification technique.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867990

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of three-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (3D-STI) and conventional echocardiography in evaluating left ventricular function characteristics of sarcomere mutation carriers in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.Methods:Totally 91 subjects with sarcomere mutations in family HCM but without left ventricular hypertrophy (G + /P - group), and 100 normal family members with gender and age matched as the control group (G -/P - group) were enrolled from the center of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy of Xijing Hospital affiliated to the Air Force Military Medical University from February 2013 to April 2017. They all received the comprehensive evaluation of 3D-STI and conventional echocardiography. The ultrasonic paramaters between the two groups were compared. And the diagnostic performance of these paramaters with sarcomere mutations was evaluated. Results:Compared with the G -/P - group, the G + /P -group had larger left atrial diameter (LAD), longer left ventricular isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT), reduced mitral annular systolic velocity (e′), elevated E/e′ ratio, as well as impaired left ventricular global longitudinal and radial strain(GLS and GRS) ( P<0.05). Moreover, the GLS≤19.9%(AUC 0.861, sensitivity 61.4%, specificity 98.5%) and IVRT≥75.5 ms(AUC 0.762, sensitivity 61.4%, specificity 72.6%) showed the best diagnostic performance with sarcomere mutations ( P<0.05). Conclusions:In HCM family members, the sarcomere mutations carriers without left ventricular hypertrophy exhibit impaired left ventricular diastolic function, reduced longitudinal and radial systolic function.Moreover, the GLS and IVRT show the best diagnostic performance for those with sarcomere mutations.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867973

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of pressure-strain loop (PSL) in evaluating left ventricular myocardial work (MW) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF).Methods:Seventy patients with CHF were selected as case group(CHF group) and were divided into 2 groups according to the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in ultrasonic cardiogram: LVEF preserve group (HFpEF group, LVEF≥50%, n=35) and LVEF reduced group (HFrEF group, LVEF<50%, n=35). Thirty-three healthy volunteers were selected as control group at the same period. Two-dimensional dynamic images in apical two chamber, three chamber and four chamber views were collected by two-dimensional speckle-tracking. Using the off-line EchoPAC software, a tracing analysis was conducted and the blood pressure was entered to obtain left ventricular global longitudinal strain (GLS), global MW index (GWI), global constructive work (GCW), global wasted work (GWW) and MW efficiency (GWE). The differences of GLS and MW parameters (GWI, GCW, GWW, GWE) were compared between each groups, and Pearson correlation was used to analyze the correlation between MW parameters and LVEF. Results:Compared with the control group and HFpEF group, the left atrial dimension(LAD), left ventricular end-diastolic dimension(LVDd), left ventricular end-diastolic volume(LVEDV), left ventricular end-systolic volume(LVESV) in HFrEF group increased, while LVEF decreased significantly( P<0.05). Compared with the control group, LAD in HFpEF group increased, the vaules of GLS, GWI, GCW were obviously lower in HFpEF group and HFrEF group(all P<0.05), GWW was higher and GWE was lower in HFrEF group(all P<0.05). GLS, GWI, GCW, GWE decreased and GWW increased in HFrEF group than those in HFpEF group, and all the differences were statistically significant(all P<0.05). In CHF group, GWW was negatively correlated with LVEF ( r=-0.521, P<0.001) while positive correlations between GWI, GCW, GWE and LVEF were discovered ( r=0.846, 0.807, 0.788; all P<0.001). Conclusions:PSL can effectively evaluate the left ventricular MW in CHF patients. It has a certain correlation with LVEF and can reflect left ventricular systolic function. It provides a new reference index for the clinical diagnosis and evaluation of prognosis in CHF patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866690

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of alendronate sodium tablets combined with salmon calcitonin in the treatment of elderly patients with hip osteoporotic fracture, and the changes of serum bone metabolism.Methods:From January 2016 to December 2019, 86 elderly patients with osteoporotic hip fracture who were operated in Xin'an International Hospital were divided into observation group (43 cases) and control group (43 cases) according to the random digital table method.The control group was treated with salmon calcitonin, and the observation group was treated with alendronate sodium on the basis of the control group.The course of treatment was 6 months in both two groups.The changes of serum calcium and phosphorus, Harris score of hip joint and bone metabolism were compared before and after treatment.Results:There were no statistically significant differences in serum calcium and phosphorus levels between the observation group and the control group (all P>0.05). After treatment, the Harris score of hip joint in the observation group[(87.10±3.46)points] was higher than that in the control group [(78.65±4.32)points]( t=10.011, P<0.05). The serum β-CTX [(0.27±0.05)μg/L] in the observation group was lower than that in the control group [(0.39±0.07)μg/L], while the ALP [(117.93±10.15)U/L] in the observation group was higher than that in the control group[(98.32±8.97)U/L], the differences were statistically significant( t=9.147, 9.493, all P<0.05). Conclusion:Alendronate combined with salmon calcitonin can improve the bone metabolism of elderly patients with hip osteoporotic fracture, and improve the function of hip joint.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866409

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary hypertension (PAH) is a common pathological stats disease in clinic, it has a high morbidity and mortality.It was found that abnormal of endothelial growth factor, coagulation-related factors, 5-hydroxytryptamine, interleukin-6 and other inflammatory factors, hypoxia-inducible factors, transforming growth factor-β1 and connective tissue growth factor(CTGF) and so on were involved in the occurrence and development of PAH, but the specific mechanism was still unclear.In recent years, in monocrotaline(MCT) induced PAH rats model, they found that MCT rats had a significant higher concentration of mitochondrial coupling factor 6 (CF6) in both plasma and lung tissue than control group, which inhibited the activity of prostacyclin (PGI2), suggesting that CF6 may be involved in the occurrence and development of PAH.This paper will discuss the characteristics of CF6, the relationship between PGI2 and CF6, the relationship between PAH and CF6.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864131

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors of functional constipation in children aged 2-7 years.Methods:A case-control study was performed on 2-7-year-old children with functional constipation who were treated in the Department of Pediatrics, Peking University Third Hospital from May 20, 2019 to September 20, 2019 and healthy control children with same age.The general situation, defecation situation and factors that might affect the occu-rrence of constipation were collected through the questionnaire, the influence factors included antibiotic use before half year old, breastfeeding, dietary preferences, exercise, allergy-related medical history, parental medical history, family income and primary caregivers, which were analyzed by using a binary Logistic regression model. Results:A total of 203 subjects were included, including 81 children in the constipation group and 122 children in healthy control group.Thick stools, dry stools, painful bowel movements and reduced bowel movement frequency were the most common symptoms of functional constipation.The main causes children at this age were food supplements and going to kindergarten.The univariate analysis indicated that the history of anti-biotics before half year old, picky eating habits, exercise volume and allergy-related diseases, constipation-related family history, father′s allergic disease background, and whether the main caregivers were parents were significantly different between two groups (all P<0.05). The binary Logistic regre-ssion analysis revealed that father′s history of allergic diseases ( OR=2.302, 95% CI: 1.109-4.780), the use of anti-biotics within 6 months after birth ( OR=2.300, 95% CI: 1.053-5.022), parents′ history of constipation ( OR=2.151, 95% CI: 1.106-4.128), and dietary preference of staple food ( OR=3.526, 95% CI: 1.402- 8.867) were the risk factors for functional constipation in 2-7-year-old children. Conclusions:Parents′ history of constipation, father′s history allergic diseases and a dietary preference for staple food may be the risk factors for functional constipation.

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