Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 285
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873740

ABSTRACT

Malaria was one for the most serious communicable diseases in China. Following the concerted efforts for decades, remarkable achievements have been gained for malaria control in China. Since the national malaria elimination programme was initiated in China in 2010, local malaria transmission was rapidly interrupted, with zero indigenous malaria case reported for the first time in the country in 2017, and the country will undergo the certification of malaria elimination by WHO. Currently, however, malaria remains hyper-endemic across the world. In China, there are more than 2 000 overseas imported malaria cases each year, and prevention of re-establishment of imported malaria will become the major task in future malaria control activities. Here by, we analyze the main challenges in the prevention of re-establishment of imported malaria in China, and propose the corresponding countermeasures, so as to provide insights into the consolidation of malaria elimination achievements.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885705

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the short-type single balloon enteroscope (SBE) to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with Roux-en-Y anastomosis.Methods:Data of 10 patients with Roux-en-Y anastomosis who received short-type SBE assisting ERCP (14 times of ERCP, the short-type SBE group) from May 2019 to September 2019 and 55 patients who received conventional SBE assisting ERCP (87 times of ERCP, the conventional SBE group) from March 2016 to April 2019 were collected in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital. Success rates and mean time of reaching the blind loop, diagnosis and treatment success rates, procedure time and complication incidence in the two groups were compared.Results:The mean time to reach the blind loop was significantly shorter in short-type SBE group than that in the conventional SBE group (17.1 min VS 23.4 min, P = 0.04). There were no significant differences in success rates of reaching the blind loop[100.0%(14/14) VS 95.4%(83/87)], the success rates of diagnosis and treatment[both 100.0% (14/14) VS 100.0% (83/83)], the mean procedure time (62.6 min VS 64.3 min) or complication incidence [21.4%(3/14) VS 16.1% (14/83) ] between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion:ERCP assisted by either type of SBE is safe and effective in patients with Roux-en-Y anastomosis. However, short-type SBE is faster to reach the blind loop because of its unique design and easier manipulation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885696

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application value of small IT knife pre-cut in assistance to duodenal papillary cannulation compared with conventional guidewire cannulation.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 90 patients with choledocholithiasis including 52 patients with small IT knife pre-cut assisted intubation (small IT knife group) and 38 patients with conventional guidewire intubation (conventional group) in endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) from May 2016 to July 2019 in the digestive endoscopy center of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital. The basic data, curative effect and complications of the two groups were collected and compared.Results:There was statistically significant difference in gender composition between the small IT knife group and the conventional group ( χ2=5.679, P=0.017), but no significant difference in other baseline data between the two groups (all P>0.05). The median intubation time of the small IT knife group was significantly shorter than that of the conventional group (141.5 s VS 270.0 s, Z=1 268.0, P=0.022). There were no significant differences in the success rate of intubation [98.1% (51/52) VS 94.7% (36/38), χ2=0.760, P=0.571], the incidence of intraoperative bleeding [15.4% (8/52) VS 7.9% (3/38), χ2=1.148, P=0.345], postoperative pancreatitis [5.8% (3/52) VS 7.9% (3/38), χ2=0.159, P=0.694], and postoperative cholangitis [1.9% (1/52) VS 5.3% (2/38), χ2=0.760, P=0.571] between the two groups. No perforation occurred in the two groups. After stratifying according to the operator′s proficiency, the median intubation time was significantly different between the small IT knife expert group and the conventional expert group (116.0 s VS 258.0 s, Z=276.0, P=0.038), while there was no significant difference in the intubation time among other groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion:The small IT knife is safe and effective to pre-cut and assist intubation in ERCP, and it may shorten the intubation time.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862588

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the correlation between different nutritional status and mental sub-health of Chinese adolescents, and provide reference for improving the physical and mental health of Chinese adolescents.@*Methods@#A total of 16 545 adolescents (13-22 years old) were selected by random overall sampling method in six major administrative regions in China.The psychological part of the Multidimensional Sub-health Questionnaire of Adolescents (MSQA) was used for mental sub-health test.Chi-square test and Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze and compare the relationship between different nutritional status and mental sub-health.@*Results@#The overall detection rate of mental sub-health status in the adolescents with normal BMI group was 18.5%, while those in the lean, overweight and obese groups were 22.3%, 38.7%, and 44.7%, respectively, which were significantly different from those in the normal BMI group(χ2=478.68,P<0.05).After adjusted for gender and age, the Logistic regression model showed that compared with those with normal BMI, those who were thin (OR=1.19, 95%CI=1.09-1.30), overweight (OR=2.76, 95%CI=2.47-3.09) and obese(OR=3.43, 95%CI=2.83-4.15) had increased risk of mental sub-health.@*Conclusion@#The nutritional status of Chinese adolescents in significantly related to mental sub-heatlh,hose who are underweight, overweight and obese have significantly higher risks of mental sub-health than those who are normal.Improvement of nutritional status of adolescents is beneficial to healthy adolescent development.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812928

ABSTRACT

Since the end of 2019, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been extensively epidemic in China, which not only seriously threatens the safety and health of Chinese people, but also challenges the management of other infectious diseases. Currently, there are still approximately three thousand malaria cases imported into China every year. If the diagnosis and treatment of malaria cases as well as the investigation and response of the epidemic foci are not carried out timely, it may endanger patients’lives and cause the possible of secondary transmission, which threatens the achievements of malaria elimination in China. Due to the extensive spread and high transmission ability of the COVID-19, there is a possibility of virus infections among malaria cases during the medical care-seeking behaviors and among healthcare professionals during clinical diagnosis and treatment, sample collection and testing and epidemiological surveys. This paper analyzes the challenges of the COVID-19 for Chinese malaria elimination programme, and proposes the countermeasures in response to the COVID-19 outbreak, so as to provide the reference for healthcare professionals.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863700

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical effect of self-made Maju-Zhiyang Decoction combined with loratadine tablets in the treatment of the children with atopic dermatitis and dampness-heat TCM syndrome. Methods:A total of 86 children with atopic dermatitis and dampness-heat syndrome in our hospital from January 2017 to May 2018 were selected and divided into two groups according to the random number table method, with 43 patients in each group. Patients in the control group were given loratadine tablets, while patients in the observation group were given self-made Maju-Zhiyang Decoction on this basis. Both groups were treated continuously for 2 weeks. The mossy lesion, scratch, exudative scab and erythema were evaluated before and after treatment. The severity of skin lesions was evaluated by Scoring Atopic Dermatitis Index (SCORAD). The multi-functional skin detector was used to detect transepidermal water loss (TEWL), the moisture content of the stratum corneum and the skin grease. The levels of IL-17, IL-33 and IgE were detected by double antibody sandwich ELISA. The adverse reactions during treatment were observed and recorded, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated. Results:The total effective rate was 93.0% (40/43) in the treatment group and 74.4% (32/43) in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=5.742, P<0.01). After treatment, the mossy, scratch, exudative scab, erythema scores and SCORAD scores in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 2.630, 8.779, 6.352, 5.264 and 9.115, respectively, P<0.01 or P<0.05), and the serum IL-17, IL-33 and IgE levels were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 7.358, 19.285 and 135.049, respectively, all Ps<0.001). After treatment, the TEWL (9.77 ± 2.37 g/h?cm -2vs. 20.53 ± 3.89 g/h?cm -2, t=5.073) in the observation group was significantly lower than that of the control group ( P<0.01), the cuticle moisture content (27.16% ± 5.06% vs. 13.83% ± 2.71%, t=-8.552), and skin oil content (124.20 ± 3.29 g/cm 2vs. 90.17 ± 2.36 g/cm 2, t=-21.173) were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.01). The incidence of adverse reactions in the treatment group was significantly lower than that of the control group ( χ2=9.437, P<0.05), which 4.7% (2/43) in the treatment group and 23.3% (2/43) in the control group. Conclusions:The self-made Maju-Zhiyang Decoction combined with loratadine tablets can alleviate the skin lesion symptoms of children with atopic dermatitis caused by dampness and heat, improve the skin barrier function, reduce the serum IL-17, IL-33 and IgE levels of children, and ensure the safety of drug use.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863469

ABSTRACT

Thyroid cancer is a common malignant tumor of the head and neck and endocrine system, characterized by high morbidity and low mortality. The main clinical challenge is the treatment of patients with advanced or high-risk thyroid cancer. At present, the study on the molecular pathogenesis of thyroid cancer provide new opportunities for thyroid cancer, including chemotherapy, molecular targeted therapy and immunotherapy.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818369

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) in the apoptosis of mouse podocytes induced by hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy). Methods Nine wild male C57BL/6J mice (Cbs+/+) and nine C57BL/6J male mice with cystathionine beta synthase gene knockout heterozygote (Cbs+/-) were used as the control group and HHcy model group, respectively. All mice were fed with 2% high methionine diet for 8 weeks to replicate the HHcy model. The ultrastructure of glomerular podocytes was observed by transmission electron microscopy. Glomerular podocytes were cultured in vitro and divided into blank control group (Control group) podocytes treated with Hcy concentration of 0 μmol•L-1 for 48 hours. The podocytes of homocysteine group (Hcy group) were treated with Hcy concentration of 80 μmol•L-1 for 48 hours. Podocytes were infected with GFP-labeled adenovirus (Ad-GFP group) and FABP4 overexpression adenovirus (Ad-FABP4 group), respectively. Podocytes were treated with Hcy and FABP4 adenovirus, named as Hcy+Ad-FABP4 group. The expression of FABP4 was detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot. The changes of apoptosis-related proteins Bax, Bcl-2 and Caspase-12 were analyzed by Western blot. The apoptosis rate of cells was measured by flow cytometry. Results Compared with the control group, the podocyte injury was aggravated and accompanied by the increasing number of apoptotic cells in the kidney tissues of model group mice. At the same time, the expression of FABP4 mRNA (3.20±0.42) and protein (4.98±1.12) in model group were higher than those in control group (2.09±0.13, 3.04±0.11)(P0.05); the mRNA expression levels (4.59±0.28) and protein expression (10.07±0.82) of FABP4 in Ad-FABP4 group were higher than those in Ad-GFP group (P<0.05). Bax/Bcl-2 value (3.15±0.65) and Caspase-12 protein expression (4.30±0.89) in Hcy group were higher than those in control group (2.19±0.10, 3.19±0.47) (P<0.05). The Bax/Bcl-2 values (5.42±0.55) and Caspase-12 protein expression (7.87±1.27) in the Hcy+Ad-FABP4 group were significantly higher than those in the Hcy+Ad-GFP group (3.19±0.47, 4.34±0.64) (P<0.05). FABP4 plays an important role in the apoptosis of mouse podocytes induced by HHcy. Flow cytometry analysis showed that the total apoptotic rate of Hcy group was (10.85±1.25) higher than that of control group (3.77±0.12) (P<0.05). Hcy + Ad-FABP4 group (15.72±1.60) was higher than that of Hcy+Ad-GFP group (11.22±0.43) (P< 0.05). Conclusion FABP4 promotes the apoptosis of podocytes in mice treated with HHcy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876229

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current status and influencing factors of public cognition, attitude, and behavior (KAP) for COVID-19, and to help the development of strategies for COVID-19 prevention and treatment. Methods Snowballing-based online questionnaire was used to conduct an anonymous survey. Results A total of 1 576 questionnaires were received, and 1 553 were effective (recovery rate 98.5%).The awareness rate for epidemiological knowledge was 87.3%, 93.1% for etiology knowledge and 85.9% for prevention and treatment knowledge.The average score for attitude towards COVID-19 fear was 15.47±3.15, agreement with relevant government regulations and policies was 11.28±1.58, and for preventive behavior was 24.47±2.61.Men′s knowledge scores in epidemiology and etiology were higher than women′s (P < 0.05).Women′s attitude towards epidemic fear and government identification were scored higher than men′s (P < 0.05).The public health prevention knowledge score was higher in subjects with urban household registration than in those with rural household registration (P < 0.05).Regression analysis showed that gender, age, occupation, level of attention on pandemic, epidemiological knowledge, and etiology knowledge were the influencing factors for the fear attitude to the epidemic (P < 0.05);the attention level and prevention knowledge were the influencing factors for prevention behavior (P < 0.05). Conclusion The public awareness rate of COVID-19 and attitude towards government identification are relatively high.The degree of pandemic fear and preventive behavior are above average.More targeted public education on COVID-19 is highly recommended.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871978

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish autoverification rules for coagulation tests in multicenter cooperative units, in order to reduce workload for manual review of suspected results and shorten turnaround time (TAT) of test reports, while ensure the accuracy of results.Methods:A total of 14 394 blood samples were collected from fourteen hospitals during December 2019 to March 2020. These samples included: Rules Establishment Group 11 230 cases, including 1 182 cases for Delta check rules; Rules Validation Group 3 164 cases, including 487cases for Delta check; Clinical Application Trial Group 77 269 cases. Samples were analyzed for coagulation tests using Sysmex CS series automatic coagulation analyzers, and the clinical information, instrument parameters, test results, clinical diagnosis, medication history of anticoagulant and other relative results such as HCT, TG, TBIL, DBIL were summarized; on the basis of historical data, the 2.5 and 97.5 percentile of all data arranged from low to high were initially accumulated; on the basis of clinical suggestions, critical values and specific drug use as well as relative guidelines, autoverification rules and limits were established.The rules were then input into middleware, in which Stage I/Stage II validation was done. Positive coincidence, negative coincidence, false negative, false positive, autoverification pass rate, passing accuracy (coincidence of autoverification and manual verification) were calculated. Autoverification rules underwent trial application in coagulation results reports.Results:(1) The autoverification algorisms involve 33 rules regarding PT/INR, APTT, FBG, D-dimer, FDP,Delta check, reaction curve and sample abnormalities; (2)Autoverification Establishment Group showed autoverification pass rate was 68.42% (7 684/11 230), the false negative rate was 0%(0/11230), coincidence of autoverification and manual verification was 98.51%(11 063/11 230), in which positive coincidence and negative coincidence were respectively 30.09% (3 379/11 230) and 68.42%(7 684/11 230); Autoverification Validation Group showed autoverification pass rate was 60.37%(1 910/3 164), the false negative rate was 0%(0/11 230), coincidence of autoverification and manual verification was 97.79%(3 094/3 164), in which positive coincidence and negative coincidence were respectively 37.42%(1 184/3 164) and 60.37%(1 910/3 164); (3) Trialed implementation of these autoverification rules on 77 269 coagulation samples showed that the average TAT shortened by 8.5 min-83.1 min.Conclusions:This study established 33 autoverification rules in coagulation tests. Validation showedthese rules could ensure test quality while shortening TAT and lighten manual workload.

11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 965-969, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866950

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of serum C -reactive protein/prealbumin ratio (CRP/PA) in predicting the disease progression of adult patients with traumatic brain injury. Methods:A prospective study was conducted. Patients with traumatic brain injury who were over 18 years old and were followed up for more than 72 hours admitted to the department of emergency of Huashan North Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from May 2018 to December 2019 were enrolled. The levels of serum CRP, PA were measured immediately after injury and at 6, 24, 48 and 72 hours after injury, and the CRP/PA ratio was calculated. Glasgow coma score (GCS) was dynamically measured and head CT was reviewed regularly. If the GCS decreased by more than 3 and/or the intracranial injury was aggravated by CT scan within 72 hours after injury, the patients were included in the aggravating group. If there were no above changes, they were included in the stable group. The differences of each index between the two groups were compared, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of each index at different time points on the patient's disease progress.Results:A total of 106 patients were selected, including 89 patients in the stable group and 17 patients in the aggravating group, and the baseline data of the two groups were balanced. CRP, CRP/PA increased and PA decreased in brain trauma patients 6 hours after injury, and reached the peak value or valley value at 48 hours. Compared with the stable group, CRP/PA significantly increased at 24, 48 and 72 hours in the aggravating group [24 hours: 34.18 (20.19, 67.10) vs. 13.98 (4.36, 38.30), 48 hours: 71.10 (45.55, 96.97) vs. 16.02 (5.05, 41.76), 72 hours: 23.25 (4.46, 38.61) vs. 4.72 (2.38, 12.95), all P < 0.05]. ROC curve analysis showed that CRP/PA ratio at 24 hours and 48 hours after injury could be used as a predictor of disease progression. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 24 hours CRP/PA was 0.71, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.58-0.84, the cut -off value was 28.29, the sensitivity was 76.5%, and the specificity was 73.0%. The AUC of 48 hours CRP/PA was 0.76, 95% CI was 0.62-0.90, and the cut -off value was 37.18, the sensitivity was 88.2%, and the specificity was 70.8%. Conclusion:The dynamic monitoring of CRP/PA ratio in adult after traumatic brain injury can evaluate the disease condition, and the CRP/PA ratio of 24 hours and 48 hours can predict the progress of the disease.

12.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1059-1066, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831151

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Pyrotinib is a newly-developed irreversible pan-ErbB receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor. This study reported the first real-world data of pyrotinib-based therapy in metastatic human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer (BC), focusing on efficacy in lapatinib-treated patients and in brain metastasis. @*Materials and Methods@#One hundred thirteen patients with metastatic HER2-positive BC treated with pyrotinib-based therapy in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center under non-clinical trial settings from September 1, 2018 to March 1, 2019 were included. @*Results@#Over half patients have received more than two lines of systematic therapy and exposed to two or more kinds of anti-HER2 agents. Most patients received a combined therapy, commonly of pyrotinib plus capecitabine, or vinorelbine or trastuzumab. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 6.3 months (range, 5.54 to 7.06 months) and objective response rate (ORR) was 29.5%, with two patients (1.9%) achieving complete response. Lapatinib-naïve patients had significantly longer PFS than lapatinib-treated patients (9.0 months vs. 5.4 months, p=0.001). ORR for lapatinib-treated patients was 23.2%. Thirty-one of 113 patients have brain metastasis. Median PFS was 6.7 months and intracranial ORR was 28%. For patients without concurrent radiotherapy and/or brain surgery, the ORR was very low (6.3%). But for patients receiving concurrent radiotherapy and/or brain surgery, the ORR was 66.7%, and three patients achieved complete response. Most common adverse event was diarrhea. @*Conclusion@#Pyrotinib-based therapy demonstrated promising effects in metastatic HER2-positive BC and showed activity in lapatinib-treated patients. For patients with brain metastasis, pyrotinib-based regimen without radiotherapy showed limited efficacy, but when combined with radiotherapy it showed promising intracranial control.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829569

ABSTRACT

Malaria was one of the major infectious diseases in Jiangsu Province, where Anopheles sinensis and An. anthropophagus are main vectors for malaria transmission. Following the concerted efforts for decades, the goal of malaria elimination was achieved in Jiangsu Province in 2019, and the vector control strategy has played a vital role during the progress towards malaria elimination in Jiangsu Province. Hereby, we review the historical distribution and ecological features of An. sinensis and An. anthropophagus and describe vector control strategies at different stages of malaria control in Jiangsu Province. In addition, the advances in the research of vector biology and control in Jiangsu Province are discussed, including vector identification, strain colonization, susceptibility to malaria parasites and insecticide resistance.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829568

ABSTRACT

Soil-transmitted nematodiasis was once widely prevalent in Jiangsu Province, which seriously threatened human health and hindered socioeconomic development. The control efforts over decades resulted in a remarkable decline in the prevalence of soil-transmitted nematode human infections in Jiangsu Province, with a reduction from 59.32% in 1989 to 0.12% in 2019, and the human prevalence remains at < 0.5% since 2013. Since 1987, an integrated strategy has been adopted for the control of soil-transmitted nematodiasis in Jiangsu Province; however, the core interventions varies at different stages, which mainly include deworming, water and sanitation service improvement, health education, and monitoring and assessment. The criteria of effective soil-transmitted nematodiasis control had been achieved in all epidemic counties (districts) of Jiangsu Province by 2019. Further actions to strengthen health education and monitoring and implement precision control measures are required to consolidate the achievements of soil-transmitted nematodiasis control and eliminate the harm of soil-transmitted nematodiasis to humans. This review summarizes the epidemiology, control progress and evolution of control strategy of soil-transmitted nematodiasis in Jiangsu Province.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847256

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Astrocyte proliferation is an important morphological change in epilepsy. Proliferated glial cells can produce cytokines, and in turn activates JAK/STAT signal transduction to promote glial cell proliferation, which affects the occurrence and recurrence of epilepsy. Astrocytes and signal transduction pathways interact with each other to play a role in the pathogenesis of epilepsy. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of cannabinoid receptor type 2 (CB2R) on the activation of ERK, p38, and JNK proteins in astrocytes and MAPK pathways in juvenile rats with persistent epilepsy. METHODS: Forty healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats (18-21 days old) were randomly divided into four groups: normal control group, epilepsy model group, CB2R agonist JWH133 group, CB2R antagonist AM630 group. The normal control group was given only normal saline. In the other groups, rats were intraperitoneally injected with lithium chloride and pilocarpine to establish epilepsy models, and different interventions were performed. Twenty-four hours after the onset of epilepsy, brain tissues were taken. Co-expression of GFAP and p-ERK, p-p38, and p-JNK in hippocampal tissue was detected by immunofluorescence. Real-time PCR was used to detect the expression of GFAP mRNA in hippocampal tissue. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The co-expression of GFAP/p-ERK and GFAP/p-p38 was significantly higher in the epilepsy model group than the normal control group (P < 0.05), significantly lower in the JWH133 group than the epilepsy model group (P < 0.05), and significantly higher in the AM630 group than the JWH133 group (P < 0.05). The co-expression of GFAP/p-JNK was significantly lower in the epilepsy model group than in normal control group (P < 0.05), significantly higher in the JWH133 group than the epilepsy model group (P < 0.05), and significantly lower in the AM630 group than the JWH133 group (P < 0.05). The mRNA expression of GFAP was significantly decreased in the epilepsy model group compared with the normal control group (P < 0.05), significantly increased in the JWH133 group compared with the epilepsy model group (P < 0.05), and significantly reduced in the AM630 group compared with the JWH133 group (P < 0.05). Therefore, CB2R can regulate the expression of ERK, p38, JNK proteins in the MAPK pathway, thereby affecting astrocytes in the hippocampus of juvenile rats with persistent epilepsy.

16.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 169-176, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842479

ABSTRACT

Spermatogonial development is a vital prerequisite for spermatogenesis and male fertility. However, the exact mechanisms underlying the behavior of spermatogonia, including spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) self-renewal and spermatogonial proliferation and differentiation, are not fully understood. Recent studies demonstrated that the mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling pathway plays a crucial role in spermatogonial development, but whether MTOR itself was also involved in any specific process of spermatogonial development remained undetermined. In this study, we specifically deleted Mtor in male germ cells of mice using Stra8-Cre and assessed its effect on the function of spermatogonia. The Mtor knockout (KO) mice exhibited an age-dependent perturbation of testicular development and progressively lost germ cells and fertility with age. These age-related phenotypes were likely caused by a delayed initiation of Mtor deletion driven by Stra8-Cre. Further examination revealed a reduction of differentiating spermatogonia in Mtor KO mice, suggesting that spermatogonial differentiation was inhibited. Spermatogonial proliferation was also impaired in Mtor KO mice, leading to a diminished spermatogonial pool and total germ cell population. Our results show that MTOR plays a pivotal role in male fertility and is required for spermatogonial proliferation and differentiation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825242

ABSTRACT

With the joint efforts of countries and global non-state actors, great achievements have been made in the global malaria control programme; however, malaria remains a serious threat to human health. As the global leader for combating malaria, WHO formulated The Global Technical Strategy for Malaria 2016–2030, and the Global Malaria Programme, under the leadership of WHO, is responsible for implementing 5 key projects to achieve the goal proposed in The Global Technical Strategy for Malaria 2016–2030. In addition, the Global Fund, the U.S. President’s Malaria Initiative and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation also play an important role in global malaria elimination programme. This review describes the currently main non-state actors participating in the global malaria elimination programme, and calls for the enhanced inter-actor coordination and close collaboration with state governments to achieve the great goal of malaria elimination in the world.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825226

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the polarization of human acute monocytic leukemia THP-1 cells-derived macrophages induced by Nippostrongylus brasiliensis proteins in vitro, so as to provide insights into the elucidation of the mechanisms underlying host immune responses to hookworm infections. Methods The in-vitro culture of N. brasiliensis was established and maintained in the laboratory, and the third- (L3) and fifth-stage larvae (L5) were collected under a sterile condition for preparation of L3 and L5 proteins. The in-vitro culture of THP-1 cells was established, stimulated with 500 ng/mL PMA to yield M0 macrophages that were adherent to the plate wall. The LPS + IFN-γ group, IL-4 + IL-13 group, L3 protein group and L5 protein group were given stimulation with 500 ng/mL LPS plus 100 ng/mL IFN-γ, IL-4 and IL-13 (both 100 ng/mL), L3 protein (5 mg/mL) and L5 protein (5 mg/mL), respectively, while the negative control group was given no stimulation. The cell morphology was observed using microscopy, the mRNA expression of M1/M2 macrophages-specific genes was quantified using a quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay, and the surface markers of M1/M2 macrophages were detected using flow cytometry, while the levels of cytokines secreted by M1/M2 macrophages were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) following stimulations, so as to examine the polarization of THP-1-derived macrophages induced by N. brasiliensis proteins in vitro. Results Following stimulation with PMA, THP-1 cells appeared wall-adherent M0 macrophages, and polarized to typical M1 macrophages following stimulation with LPS + IFN-γ, and typical M2 macrophages following stimulation with IL-4 + IL-13, IL-3 protein or L5 protein. There was a significant difference in the proportion of M1 macrophages among the negative control group, the LPS + IFN-γ group, the IL-4 + IL-13 group, the L3 protein group and the L5 protein group (χ2 = 3 721.00, P < 0.001), with the highest proportion detected in the LPS + IFN-γ group, and there was also a significant difference in the proportion of M2 macrophages among groups (χ2 = 105.43, P < 0.001). There were significant differences among groups in terms of the mRNA expression of CCL2 (F = 191.95, P < 0.001), TNF-α (F = 129.95, P < 0.001), IL-12b (F = 82.89, P < 0.001), PPARγ (F = 11.30, P < 0.001), IL-10 (F = 9.51, P < 0.001) and Mrc1 genes (F = 12.35, P < 0.001). In addition, there were significant differences in the proportion of positive CD86 and CD206 expression among groups (χ2 = 24 004.33 and 832.50, P < 0.001). Higher IL-1β and TNF-α levels were measured in the LPS + IFN-γ group than in the IL-4 + IL-13 group, the L3 protein group and the L5 protein group (P < 0.001), and greater TGF-β1 and IL-10 levels were seen in the IL-4 + IL-13 group, the L3 protein group and the L5 protein group than in the negative control group and the LPS + IFN-γ group (P < 0.05). Conclusions Both L3 and L5 proteins of N. brasiliensis may induce the polarization of THP-1-derived macrophages to M2 type in vitro.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825223

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a recombinase-aided isothermal amplification (RAA) assay for the nucleic acid detection of Angiostrongylus cantonensis. Methods The internal transcribed spacer-1 (ITS1) gene sequence of A. cantonensis was used as the detection target sequence, and the specific primers and probes were designed and synthesized, followed by screening of the primers and probes with the highest specificity, to establish the basic and fluorescent RAA assay for nucleic acid detection of A. cantonensis. The sensitivity of the fluorescent RAA assay was evaluated by using the target gene fragment sequence-contained recombinant plasmids at various copy numbers and the genomic DNA from A. cantonensis as the template DNA samples, and the specificity of the fluorescent RAA assay was evaluated by using the genomic DNA from A. cantonensis, Schistosoma mansoni, Ascaris lumbricoides, Clonorchis sinensis, Echinococcus granulosus and Ancylostoma duodenale, as well as Pomacea canaliculata and Biomphalaria straminea snail tissues as the template DNA samples. Results A fluorescent RAA assay was successfully established for nucleic acid detection of A. cantonensis, which achieved real-time amplification of the specific DNA fragment of A. cantonensis within 20 min at 37 ℃. By using the target gene fragment sequence-contained recombinant plasmids at various copy numbers and the genomic DNA from A. cantonensis as the DNA templates, the lowest detection limits of the fluorescent RAA assay were 10 copies/μL of recombinant plasmids and 100 pg/μL of genomic DNA, respectively. The fluorescent RAA assay was negative for detection of the genomic DNA from A. cantonensis, S. mansoni, A. lumbricoides, C. sinensis, E. granulosus, A. duodenale, and P. canaliculata and B. straminea snail tissues. Conclusions A simple, rapid fluorescent RAA assay has been successfully established, which has a high sensitivity and specificity for the nucleic acid detection of A. cantonensis.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825222

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a novel nucleic acid assay for detection of Giardia lamblia based on the recombinase-aided isothermal amplification (RAA) assay, and evaluate its sensitivity and specificity for detection of G. lamblia. Methods The specific primer sequences and florescent probes were designed and synthesized based on the G. lamblia β-giardin gene as the target gene, and a fluorescent RAA assay was established. The recombinant plasmids at various copies (containing the β-giardin gene target sequence) and the genomic DNA of G. lamblia at various concentrations were used as templates for the fluorescent RAA assay to assess the sensitivity, and the genomic DNA from G. lamblia, Schistosoma japonicum, Clonorchis sinensis, Cryptosporidium parvum, Ascaris lumbricoides, Salmonella and Shigella was used as templates to assess the specificity of the fluorescent RAA assay. Results A novel fluorescent RAA assay was successfully established for detection of G. lamblia, which allowed the rapid and specific amplification of the target gene fragments at 39 ℃ within 20 min. The sensitivities of the fluorescent RAA assay were 102 copies/μL and 1 pg/μL for detection of the recombinant plasmid and G. lamblia genomic DNA, respectively, and the fluorescent RAA assay was negative for detection of the genomic DNA from S. japonicum, C. sinensis, C. parvum, A. lumbricoides, Salmonella and Shigella, which showed a high specificity. Conclusions A fluorescent RAA assay, which is simple, sensitive and specific, is successfully established for nucleic acid detection of G. lamblia.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL