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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 876-889, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929332

ABSTRACT

SIRT6 belongs to the conserved NAD+-dependent deacetylase superfamily and mediates multiple biological and pathological processes. Targeting SIRT6 by allosteric modulators represents a novel direction for therapeutics, which can overcome the selectivity problem caused by the structural similarity of orthosteric sites among deacetylases. Here, developing a reversed allosteric strategy AlloReverse, we identified a cryptic allosteric site, Pocket Z, which was only induced by the bi-directional allosteric signal triggered upon orthosteric binding of NAD+. Based on Pocket Z, we discovered an SIRT6 allosteric inhibitor named JYQ-42. JYQ-42 selectively targets SIRT6 among other histone deacetylases and effectively inhibits SIRT6 deacetylation, with an IC50 of 2.33 μmol/L. JYQ-42 significantly suppresses SIRT6-mediated cancer cell migration and pro-inflammatory cytokine production. JYQ-42, to our knowledge, is the most potent and selective allosteric SIRT6 inhibitor. This study provides a novel strategy for allosteric drug design and will help in the challenging development of therapeutic agents that can selectively bind SIRT6.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881084

ABSTRACT

Esculetin, a natural derivative from the traditional and widely-used Chinese medicinal herb Cortex Fraxini, has a variety of pharmacological effects, especially in anti-inflammation. However, it is not clear whether esculetin has a therapeutic effect on sepsis. This study aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory and protective effects of esculetin on early sepsis. The results showed that the lung injury was significantly relieved with the treatment of esculetin, accompanied with the restrained production of inflammatory factors including IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, CCL2 and iNOS during the early phase of E.coli-induced sepsis. Of note, activation of NF-κB and STAT1/STAT3 signals, the main upstream signals of many inflammatory factors, were attenuated by esculetin in both lung tissues from septic mice and LPS-stimulated macrophage. These findings suggested that the protection of esculetin against early sepsis should be related to its anti-inflammatory effect, which was at least partly due to its inhibition on NF-κB and STAT1/STAT3 signaling pathway in macrophage. Thus, esculetin could serve as a potential therapeutic agent by rebalancing innate immune response in macrophage for the treatment of early sepsis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907661

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy of modified Liqi-Hewei Decoction combined with conventional western medicine therapy in the treatment of Hp-positive chronic superficial gastritis (CSG). Methods:A total of 96 patients with Hp-positive CSG in the First People’s Hospital of Lianyungang and Changshu No.1 People’s Hospital who met the inclusion criteria between January 2017 and January 2019 were divided into two groups according to the random number table method, with 48 in each group. The control group was treated with conventional western medicine, and study group was additionally given modified Liqi-Hewei Decoction on the basis of control group. Both groups were treated for 8 weeks and followed up for 12 weeks. The TCM symptom score, gastric mucosa and pathological grading were scored before and after treatment. Levels of motilin, gastrin and somatostatin were detected by immunoturbidimetry, and levels of CD3 +, CD4 + and CD8 + were detected by automatic flow cytometry and the ratio of CD4 +/CD8 + was calculated. The Hp negative conversion rate was observed, the adverse reactions were recorded, the clinical efficacy was evaluated and the recurrence rate was statistically analyzed. Results:The Hp negative conversion rate was 89.6% (43/48) in study group and was 72.9% (35/48) in control group, where the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=4.376, P=0.036). The total effective rate was 95.8% (46/48) in study group and was 83.3% (40/48) in control group ( χ2=5.031, P=0.025). After treatment, the scores of epigastric pain, upper abdominal fullness, acid reflux, belching and poor appetite in the study group were significantly lower than those in control group ( t=8.919, 3.971, 7.949, 8.171, 9.865, all Ps<0.01). The scores of gastric mucosa and pathological grading were significantly lower than those in control group ( t=13.705, 15.495, all Ps<0.001). After treatment, the levels of gastrin [(126.15 ± 14.36) ng/L vs. (152.38 ± 17.51) ng/L, t=8.025], motilin [(93.59 ± 11.87) ng/L vs. (102.48 ± 14.68) ng/L, t=3.263] and somatostatin [(36.76 ± 8.97) ng/L vs. (40.84 ± 10.68) ng/L, t=2.027] in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.01 or P<0.05). The levels of CD3 +, CD4 + and CD4 +/CD8 + were significantly higher than those in the control group ( t=6.883, 6.720, 4.306, all Ps<0.001). The recurrence rate was 4.3% (2/46) in the study group and was 17.5% (7/40) in the control group ( χ2=3.950, P=0.046). During treatment, the incidence rate of adverse reactions was 8.3% (4/48) in the study group and was 12.5% (6/48) in the control group ( χ2=0.446, P=0.504). Conclusion:Modified Liqi-Hewei Decoction combined with conventional western medicine therapy can effectively improve the levels of gastrointestinal hormones and clinical symptoms, enhance the immunity and Hp negative conversion rate, and reduce the recurrence rate of patients with Hp-positive CSG.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905934

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy and safety of modified Heweitang in the treatment of functional dyspepsia (FD) due to liver-stomach disharmony and its regulation of gastrointestinal hormones and brain-gut peptides. Method:One hundred and twenty-six eligible patients were randomized into a control group (62 cases) and an observation group (64 cases). Patients in the observation group took the modified Heweitang granules with warm water 30 min after meals, 10 g/time, 3 times/day, while those in the control group took the corresponding placebo granules at the same dose in the same manner. The treatment in both groups lasted for four weeks. Before and after treatment, the four main symptoms including postprandial satiety, early satiety, upper abdominal pain, and upper abdominal burning sensation were scored, followed by the examination of gastric emptying (GE) and the scoring of the functional digestive disorders quality of life questionnaire (FDDQL), 7-point global overall symptom scale (GOSS), and liver-stomach disharmony syndrome. The cholecystokinin (CCK), motilin (MTL), gastrin (GAS), serotonin (5-HT), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), and substance P (SP) levels before and after treatment were detected, and then the safety was evaluated. Result:After treatment, the scores of the four main symptoms, GOSS, and liver-stomach disharmony syndrome in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the GE rate and FDDQL scores in the observation group were higher (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The CCK, GAS, 5-HT, and VIP levels of the observation group declined as compared with those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), whereas the MTL and SP levels were elevated (<italic>P</italic><0.01). After treatment, the overall response rate in the observation group was (51/57)89.47%, higher than (15/56)26.79% in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=45.696, <italic>P</italic><0.01). No drug-related adverse reactions were found during the trial. Conclusion:The modified Heweitang is efficient and safe in relieving the main and related symptoms and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome, regulating the secretion of gastrointestinal hormones and brain-gut peptides, promoting GE rate, and improving the quality of life of patients with FD due to liver-stomach disharmony.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2102-2111, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887056

ABSTRACT

Natural biocompatible nanomaterials such as self-assembled triterpene natural small molecule products with favorable anticancer activity show great potential for biomedical application. However, the mechanisms of their molecular self-assembled structures have not been investigated systematically, while there are still few reports of the natural active carrier for drug delivery. Herein, in this work, we further explored the molecular assembly mechanism and common regularity of tetracyclic triterpenes ergosterol, stigmasterol as well as pentacyclic triterpenes glycyrrhetinic acid and ursolic acid, which suggested that the coplanarity and orderliness of molecular arrangements which are speculated to be responsible for their self-assembly into the spherical, rod-like or lamellar nanostructure. Besides, ergosterol (ET) with better anticancer activity was chosen as a representative substance for construction of the synergistic antitumor nanodrug. By intermolecular hydrogen bonding and π-π stacking, chemotherapeutic drug paclitaxel (PTX) was encapsulated into ET-PTX NPs successfully. Then, the anti-cancer efficacy of the tumor-bearing mice was evaluated according to the protocol approved by the Experimental Animal Research Center of Harbin Medical University. The resulting nanodrug exhibited excellent biosafety and enhanced in vivo anticancer activity efficiency of 52.3%, higher than free PTX (29.4%) or ET NPs (32.5%) alone, further verifying the potential medical application value of triterpene natural products. This work provides not only a theoretical basis for exploring the self-assembly behavior of small molecule natural products, but also a promising perspective for the fabrication of active natural biocompatible nanodrug delivery systems for synergistic antitumor therapy and other biomedical applications.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884196

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the epidemiological and clinical features of patients with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) from 2017 to 2019.Methods:Seventy-five patients with HFRS from the Department of Infectious Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University during January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2019 were included. The data of epidemiology, clinical symptoms, blood routine, urine routine, serum creatinine, liver function and other laboratory examination indexes were retrospectively analyzed. The measurement data with skewness distribution were expressed by M( QR) and compared by nonparametric test. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze disease-related risk factors. Results:The 75 patients were mainly located in the western and northern regions of Anhui Province. A total of 37 cases (49.3%) were infected during November, December and January next year. Fifty-four (72.0%) patients were farmers and 10(13.3%) patients had a clear history of rodent contact. Only 19(25.3%) patients had typical clinical manifestations of "three red and three pain" . Fifty-eight (77.3%) patients had elevated white blood cell count, 67(89.3%) patients had decreased platelet count, 55(73.3%) patients had urinary protein + + + , 65(86.7%) patients had abnormal urinary occult blood, and 67(89.3%) patients had elevated serum creatinine. The serum creatinine and potassium levels in 31 severe and critical patients were 495(301) μmol/L and 4.14(0.77) mmol/L, respectively, which were both higher than those in 44 mild and moderate patients (235(289) μmol/L and 3.65(1.02) mmol/L, respectively). The differences were both statistically significant ( Z=-3.187 and -2.796, respectively, both P<0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that serum creatinine (odds ratio ( OR)=1.005, 95% confidence interval ( CI)1.002-1.008) and serum potassium ( OR=2.632, 95% CI 1.098-6.313) were independent risk factors for disease severity. All patients received comprehensive medical treatment, and 27 patients received renal replacement therapy. Sixty-eight patients had good prognosis and four patients died. Conclusions:HFRS is still common in the rural area in winter and spring. Patients with atypical clinical manifestations and severe and critical patients should be intensively monitored.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847159

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Fibrin glue is commonly used to prevent postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leakage from dural injuries. However, fibrin glue with standard-concentration thrombin coagulates too fast, resulting in poor adhesion of dural mater. Effect of low-concentration thrombin fibrin glue on sealing dural injuries to prevent cerebrospinal fluid leakage is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of low-concentration thrombin and standard-concentration thrombin on the prevention of cerebrospinal fluid leakage from dural injuries by fibrin glue. METHODS: Forty patients including 25 males and 15 females with dural injuries admitted at Fifth People’s Hospital of Chengdu from May 2017 to December 2019 were enrolled. Patients were randomly divided into two groups, 20 patients in each group. In low-concentration thrombin group, dural injuries were sealed with fibrin glue prepared with low-concentration thrombin solution (100 IU/mL). In standard-concentration thrombin group, dural injuries were sealed with fibrin glue prepared with standard-concentration thrombin solution (500 IU/mL). All patients were followed up for 2 months. The incidence of cerebrospinal fluid leakage, cumulative drainage flow, drainage duration and incision complications were compared between the two groups. The study was approved by Ethics Committee of Fifth People’s Hospital of Chengdu. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The incidence of cerebrospinal leakage, accumulative volume and duration of drainage in the low-concentration thrombin group were lower than those of standard-concentration thrombin group (P 0.05). (3) These results indicate that fibrin glue prepared with low-concentration thrombin solution decreases the rate of cerebrospinal leakage, reduces the drainage volume and shortens the duration of drainage, which is demonstrated to be an effective strategy for sealing dural injuries.

8.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 582-586, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923092

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the radiation shielding problem of Halcyon linear accelerator room. METHODS: According to the dose estimation method recommended by GBZ/T 201.2—2011 Radiation Shielding Requirements for Radiotherapy room--Part 2: Radiotherapy Room of Electron Linear Accelerators(hereinafter referred to as GBZ/T 201.2—2011) and NCRP report No.151 Structural Shielding Design and Evaluation for Megavoltage X-and Gamma-Ray Radiotherapy Facilities the required shielding thickness of 6.0 MeV Halcyon linear machine room is evaluated and compared with the existing machine room. After the equipment was put into use, we measured and verified the dose equivalent rate around each point. RESULTS: ⅰ) The transmittance of the main beam passing through the self-shielding system was 0.06%. The theoretical shielding thickness of the main beam path sites A, C and L of the accelerator(two main shielding walls and room top sites respectively) was 136.00, 130.00 and 136.00 cm, which was lower than the required shielding thickness of the main shielding area specified in GBZ/T 201.2—2011 for 6.0 MeV accelerator. ⅱ) Compared with the existing equipment rooms in the hospital, except that the thickness of the top secondary shield(80.00 cm) and the thickness of the west section of the outer wall of the labyrinth(100.00 cm) are smaller, the rest meets the shielding requirements. ⅲ) After the transformation of the computer room and the installation of Halcyon linear accelerator, the surrounding dose equivalent rate was lower than the control level required by GBZ/T 201.2—2011. CONCLUSION: The self-shielding design of Halcyon linear accelerator can effectively protect 6.0 MeV rays used for treatment, reduce the shielding thickness required for the main shielding area, reduce the shielding construction cost of the equipment room and increase the usable area of the equipment room.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909282

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Chinese herbal decoction on traditional Chinese medicine syndrome, menstrual cycle and sex hormone levels in amenorrhea patients with polycystic ovary syndrome.Methods:A total of 124 amenorrhea patients with polycystic ovary syndrome who received treatment in The First People's Hospital of Lianyungang, China between December 2016 and December 2018 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to receive either oral metformin hydrochloride and clomiphene citrate (control group, n = 62) or oral metformin hydrochloride and clomiphene citrate combined with Chinese herbal decoction (observation group, n = 62). Clinical effective rate and remission of traditional Chinese medicine syndrome were compared between control and observation groups. After treatment, recovery of menstrual cycle, ovulation rate, change of sex hormone level relative to before treatment, and the incidence of adverse reactions were determined in each group. Results:Total clinical effective rate in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [96.77% (60/62) vs. 77.42% (48/62), χ2 = 12.817, P < 0.001]. Total effective rate in term of TCM syndrome in the control group was significantly higher than that in the observation group [83.87% (52/62) vs. 43.55% (27/62), χ2 = 21.800, P < 0.001]. After treatment, serum luteinizing hormone, free testosterone, luteinizing hormone / follicle stimulating hormone, estradiol, follicle stimulating hormone levels in the observation group were (4.28 ± 2.04) U/L, (1.93 ± 0.07) nmol/L, (3.17 ± 1.07), (240.32 ± 30.26) pmol/L, (3.17 ± 1.07) U/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(6.45 ± 2.11) U/L, (3.27 ± 0.07) nmol/L, (5.73 ± 2.46), (300.32 ± 31.26) pmol/L, (5.12 ± 1.07) U/L), t = 5.822, 106.583, 7.514, 10.859, 10.147, all P < 0.001]. Ovulation rate in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [80.65% (50/62) vs. 51.61% (32/62), χ2 = 11.666, P = 0.001]. Periodic ovulation rate in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [91.94% (57/62) vs. 35.48% (22/62), χ2 = 14.528, P < 0.001]. In the observation group, the proportion of patients having edema, gastrointestinal reaction, vomiting, and diarrhea was 4.84% (3/62), 6.45% (4/62), 11.29% (7/62) and 11.29% (7/62), respectively, and they were 9.68% (6/62), 12.90% (8/62), 19.35% (12/62) and 25.80% (16/62)], respectively in the control group (all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Chinese herbal decoction can help regulate the hormone balance in amenorrhea patients with polycystic ovary syndrome, promote ovulation, eliminate amenorrhea, increase the curative effects on traditional Chinese medicine syndrome, and increase the rate of menstrual cycle recovery.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818368

ABSTRACT

Objective Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) is a commonly infective bacterium in the hospital. This study aims to analyze its molecular epidemiological characteristics, detect the carrying rate of efflux pump and regulatory protein genes, and investigate the effects of tigecycline on the efflux pump and expression of regulatory protein genes. Methods A total of 183 A. baumannii strains were collected from inpatients of the affiliated hospital of Jiangsu University from May 2017 to March 2019. They were divided into an antimicrobial-resistant group (one or more antimicrobial-resistant strains, 139 strains) and a sensitive group (the drugs in the drug sensitivity test were all non-resistant strains, 44 strains). Repeated sequence PCR was used for homology analysis of the strains, and pulse-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was used as the gold standard for homology analysis to verify and compare some strains. PCR was used to detect the occurrence of drug resistance-related genes. Based on homology analysis, efflux pump carrying rate detection and antibiotics sensitivity test results, 6 clinical strains carrying all efflux pump genes but different resistance phenotypes were selected as experimental strains, including sensitive strains (SAB), the multidrug resistance strain (MDRAB) and the extensively drug-resistant strain (XDRAB). All strains were induced in vitro with the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of tigecycline. The induced strains were categorized as induction group, and the same strains cultured in LB agar without tigecycline was used as a control group. MIC was used to analyze the tigecycline susceptibility, and RT-qPCR was used to detect the gene expression of efflux pumps, such as TetB, AbaQ and regulatory proteins (AdeS and BaeS), in drug-resistant strains. Results Homology analysis showed that there were 45 clonal groups in the detected clinical isolates, with no obvious outbreak of epidemic clonal groups. Efflux pumps and regulatory proteins were widely distributed in the clinical isolates, and the expression of AdeB, TetB, AbeS, AdeS in MDRAB and XDRAB is significantly higher than that insensitive group SAB. Continuous in vitro induction with tigecycline could increase the antimicrobial resistance of some clinical strains and even significantly increase the expression levels of efflux pumps and regulatory proteins. Conclusion A. baumannii is widely distributed in the clinic, and efflux pumps and regulatory proteins might play an important role in drug resistance process. The unreasonable use of tigecycline could enhance the tolerance of A. baumannii by up-regulating the expression of some bacterial efflux pumps.

11.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(5): 615-622, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136248

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To explore the association of brain-derived neurotrophic factor gene (BDNF) polymorphism with the latent cognitive endophenotype of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after major natural disasters in Hainan Province, China. METHODS A total of 300 patients with PTSD and 150 healthy controls (HC) were surveyed by psychoanalysis scale to assess their cognitive functions. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) were used to detect the BDNF gene polymorphism. RESULTS In terms of the cognitive function, the scores in the PTSD group were worse than those of the HC group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). There was a significant difference in the distribution of BDNF genotype and allele frequency between the two groups (P < 0.05). PTSD endophenotypes were significantly different among the BDNF genotypes in the PTSD group (P ≤ 0.01). CONCLUSION There is a statistically significant difference in the polymorphism of BDNF gene between PTSD and HC groups, and the alleles are associated with the incidence of PTSD. Thus, it may be a risk factor for PTSD.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Explorar a associação do polimorfismo do gene fator neurotrófico derivado do cérebro (BDNF) com o endofenótipo cognitivo latente de transtorno de estresse pós-traumático (TEPT) após grandes desastres naturais na província de Hainan, China. MÉTODOS Um total de 300 doentes com TEPT e 150 controles saudáveis (HC) foi investigado pela escala de psicanálise para avaliar as suas funções cognitivas. A reação em cadeia polimerase (PCR) e a eletroforese em gel de poliacrilamida (Page) foram usadas para detectar o polimorfismo do gene BDNF. RESULTADOS Em termos de função cognitiva, as pontuações no grupo TEPT foram piores do que as do grupo HC (P<0,05 ou P<0,01). Houve uma diferença significativa na distribuição do genótipo de BDNF e frequência do alelo entre os dois grupos (P<0,05). Os endofenótipos de TEPT foram significativamente diferentes entre os genótipos de BDNF do grupo TEPT (P≤0,01). CONCLUSÃO Existe uma diferença estatisticamente significativa no polimorfismo do gene BDNF entre o TEPT e os grupos HC, e os alelos estão associados à incidência do TEPT. Assim, pode ser um fator de risco para TEPT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , China , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Alleles , Endophenotypes , Genotype
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867639

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the serotype distribution, drug resistance and the virulence gene profiles of clinical isolates of Salmonella in Zhejiang Province. Methods:A retrospective study of 463 clinical isolates of Salmonella in nine regions of Zhejiang Province from 2010 to 2017 was conducted. Their serotypes were detected using the Kauffmann-White scheme based on serological detection. Antibiotics susceptibility tests were carried out using K-B disk diffusion method. Eleven virulence genes were detected by polymerase chain reaction. Results:A total of 35 serotypes were identified among the 463 strains of Salmonella. The dominant serotypes were Salmonella typhimurium (41.90%(194/463)) and Salmonella enteritis (22.25%(103/463)). The resistance rate of Salmonella to ampicillin was the highest (66.52%(308/463)), followed by ampicillin/sulbactam (46.87%(217/463)), while low resistance rate to piperacillin/tazobactam was observed (3.24%(15/463)). All strains were sensitive to imipenem and meropenem. Finally, 188 strains (40.60%) of multi-drug resistance were found. The virulence genes hilA, ssrB, marT, siiD, sopB and pagN were found in all Salmonella strains. The virulence gene vexA was found only in Salmonella typhi and Salmonella Dublin; virulence gene icmF was mainly found in Salmonella enteritis. The virulence plasmid gene spvB and pefA were mainly found in Salmonella enteritidis and Salmonella typhimurium and invariably appeared in pairs. The virulence gene cdtB was mainly found in Salmonella typhi and Salmonella paratyphi A. Conclusions:Salmonella typhimurium and Salmonella enteritis are the main clinically isolated Salmonella strains in Zhejiang Province. The situation of multi-drug resistance is severe and a variety of virulence genes are highly detected.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865963

ABSTRACT

"Early clinical practice, multiple clinical practice and repeated clinical practice" is the mainstream of the reform of higher medical education in the 21st century. Based on the shortages of the current medical education model, a university started to reform from both theoretical teaching and practical teaching, and constructed a teaching model of "early clinical practice, multiple clinical practice and repeated clinical practice" that fits China's reality. And the teaching effect was evaluated questionnaire survey and OSCE tests. The results showed that this teaching model could promote the all-round development of medical students' knowledge, ability and quality.

14.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 440-445, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826957

ABSTRACT

The incidence of peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs) is growing following the adoption of lung cancer screening by low-dose chest CT. The diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary nodules is one of the most difficult problems. Based on the electromagnetic positioning technology, the electromagnetic navigation bronchoscope is guided to the pulmonary nodules for biopsy or treatment, providing a new minimally invasive diagnosis and treatment method for suspicious lung lesions. This paper provides an overview of the current status and progress of electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of peripheral pulmonary diseases.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823433

ABSTRACT

@#Increasing peripheral pulmonary nodules are detected given the growing adoption of chest CT screening for lung cancer. The invention of electromagnetic navigation bronchoscope provides a new diagnosis and treatment method for pulmonary nodules, which has been demonstrated to be feasible and safe, and the technique of microwave ablation through bronchus is gradually maturing. The one-stop diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary nodules can be completed by the combination of electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy and microwave ablation, which will help achieve local treatment through the natural cavity without trace.

16.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 413-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821552

ABSTRACT

Liver transplantation is a major treatment for patients with alcoholic liver disease (ALD)-related end-stage cirrhosis, liver failure, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and severe alcoholic hepatitis. In this article, the latest research progress on liver transplantation in ALD patients was summarized from the aspects of surgical indications, survival status, alcohol-drinking management and systemic disease management of the recipients, aiming to provide reference for better clinical management of ALD recipients undergoing liver transplantation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816513

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors and develop a risk score model for the textbook outcome(TO)among patients undergoing curative-intent resection of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma(ICC).METHODS: Theclinicopathological data of 261 ICC patients between January 2011 and January 2017 in Zhongda Hospital of SoutheastUniversity and No.81 Hospital of PLA undergoing partial hepatectomy were retrospectively collected. Logistic regressionanalyses were performed to determine the significant risk factors for predicting TO.RESULTS: A total of 261 patientsundergoing curative-intent resection of ICC were enrolled in the study. Among them,TO was achieved in 67 patients(25.7%). A multivariable logistic regression analysis indicated that older age,non-cirrhosis,reduced operative duration,and T1 a stage disease were independently associated with achieving a TO. A risk score to assess the probability of TOwas developed according the above four risk factors and had good accuracy and satisfactory calibration(χ~2=1.350,P=0.853).CONCLUSION: Younger ICC patients with short operation duration,no cirrhosis,and tumor diameter <5 cm mayhave the higher probability to achieve TO. The risk score model could accurately predict postoperative TO of patientswith ICC.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2647-2656, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774865

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Few data are available regarding the progression of liver disease and therapeutic efficacy in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers infected by mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). This study aimed to investigate these two aspects by comparing the adult chronic HBV carriers in MTCT group with those in horizontal transmission group.@*METHODS@#The 683 adult chronic HBV patients qualified for liver biopsy including 191 with MTCT and 492 with horizontal transmission entered the multi-center prospective study from October 2013 to May 2016. Biopsy results from 217 patients at baseline and 78 weeks post antiviral therapy were collected.@*RESULTS@#Patients infected by MTCT were more likely to have e antigen positive (68.6% vs. 58.2%, χ = -2.491, P = 0.012) than those with horizontal transmission. However, in patients with MTCT, levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (P = 0.031), Fibroscan (P = 0.013), N-terminal propeptide of Type III procollagen (PIIINP) (P = 0.014), and Laminin (LN) (P = 0.006) were high, in contrast to the patients with horizontal transmission for whom the levels of albumin (ALB) (P = 0.041), matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) (P = 0.001) were high. The 47.2% of patients with MTCT and 36.8% of those with horizontal transmission had significant liver fibrosis (P = 0.013). Following antiviral therapy for 78 weeks, 21.2% and 38.0% patients with MTCT and horizontal transmission acquired hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) clearance, respectively (P = 0.043), and the virological response rates were 54.7% and 74.1% in the MTCT and horizontal groups, respectively (P = 0.005). MTCT was a risk factor for HBeAg clearance and virological response.@*CONCLUSION@#Adult patients with MTCT were more prone to severe liver diseases, and the therapeutic efficacy was relatively poor, which underlined the importance of earlier, long-term treatment and interrupting perinatal transmission.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#NCT01962155; https://clinicaltrials.gov.

19.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 472-475, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778847

ABSTRACT

HBV can interact with alcohol in various ways to cause liver damage. Heavy drinking can accelerate the progression of chronic hepatitis B and lead to a poorer prognosis; meanwhile, it can also affect the outcome and compliance in patients receiving antiviral therapy. The epidemiology of drinking in patients with chronic hepatitis B in China remains unclear, and further studies are needed to clarify the mechanism of interaction between alcohol and HBV. Drinking management should be strengthened in patients with chronic hepatitis B in clinical practice, in order to alleviate liver injury induced by alcohol.

20.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 472-475, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778812

ABSTRACT

HBV can interact with alcohol in various ways to cause liver damage. Heavy drinking can accelerate the progression of chronic hepatitis B and lead to a poorer prognosis; meanwhile, it can also affect the outcome and compliance in patients receiving antiviral therapy. The epidemiology of drinking in patients with chronic hepatitis B in China remains unclear, and further studies are needed to clarify the mechanism of interaction between alcohol and HBV. Drinking management should be strengthened in patients with chronic hepatitis B in clinical practice, in order to alleviate liver injury induced by alcohol.

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