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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2091-2101, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887631

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) actin filament-associated protein 1 antisense RNA 1 (AFAP1-AS1) functions as a competing endogenous RNA to regulate target genes expression by sponging microRNAs (miRs) to play cancer-promoting roles in cancer stem cells. However, the regulatory mechanism of AFAP1-AS1 in cervical cancer (CC) stem cells is unknown. The present study aimed to provide a new therapeutic target for the clinical treatment of CC.@*METHODS@#Hyaluronic acid receptor cluster of differentiation 44 variant exon 6 (CD44v6)(+) CC cells were isolated by flow cytometry (FCM). Small interfering RNAs of AFAP1-AS1 (siAFAP1-AS1) were transfected into the (CD44v6)(+) cells. The levels of AFAP1-AS1 were measured by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Sphere formation assay, cell cycle analysis, and Western blotting were used to detect the effect of siAFAP1-AS1. RNA pull-down and luciferase reporter assay were used to verify the relationship between miR-27b-3p and AFAP1-AS1 or vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C.@*RESULTS@#CD44v6(+) CC cells had remarkable stemness and a high level of AFAP1-AS1. However, AFAP1-AS1 knockdown with siAFAP1-AS1 suppressed the cell cycle transition of G(1)/S phase and inhibited self-renewal of CD44v6(+) CC cells, the levels of the stemness markers octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (OCT4), osteopontin (OPN), and cluster of differentiation 133 (CD133), and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related proteins Twist1, matrix metalloprotease (MMP)-9, and VEGF-C. In the mechanism study, miR-27b-3p/VEGF-C signaling was demonstrated to be a key downstream of AFAP1-AS1 in the CD44v6(+) CC cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#LncRNA AFAP1-AS1 knockdown inhibits the CC cell stemness by upregulating miR-27b-3p to suppress VEGF-C.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/genetics , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2154-2163, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887040

ABSTRACT

The biochemical integrity of the brain is necessary to maintain normal function. Oxidative damage is one of the mortal important reasons leading to the destruction of this integrity. The nervous system is enriched in phospholipid and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Due to the nature of high oxygen-consumption and rich lipids, brain is particularly vulnerable to oxidative damages. Phospholipid peroxidation is one of the results of imbalance in oxidation-antioxidant system. Once the antioxidant system is insufficient to resist oxidative damage, membrane phospholipids will be prone to free radical attack. Phospholipid peroxidation leads to a variety of toxic oxidation products, including membrane damage, mitochondrial dysfunction, rapid accumulation of amyloid, etc. Multiple proteins and nucleic acids can be covalently modified by peroxidation products, resulting in the loss of the protein functions, which eventually triggers programmed cell death and general neuroinflammation in brain, and ends up with an increased susceptibility to neurodegenerative diseases. Based on the knowledge of mechanisms of phospholipid peroxidation, this review focuses on the characteristics of phospholipid peroxidation as a key factor in the development of neurodegenerative diseases, in order to provide theoretical basis for targeted intervention of phospholipid peroxidation as a potential strategy to prevent neurodegenerative diseases.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 385-389, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883731

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the surveillance of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) in Zhongwei City of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region after marketization reform of salt industry (2017).Methods:In 2018, Shapotou District, Zhongning County and Haiyuan County of Zhongwei City were divided into five sampling areas according to the location of east, west, south, north and middle. In each area, one township was selected, and three salt sales outlets were selected from each township; at the same time, three supermarkets were selected from the cities and towns of each county (district), and different kinds of salt samples in all sales outlets and supermarkets were tested semi-quantitatively. From 2016 to 2020, Shapotou District, Zhongning County and Haiyuan County of Zhongwei City were divided into five sampling areas according to the location of east, west, south, north and middle. One township was selected from each area, and one primary school was selected from each township, 40 non-boarding students aged 8 - 10 years old (age balanced, half males and half females) were selected from each primary school; at the same time, 20 pregnant women were selected from each township, and salt samples were collected from houses of children and pregnant women to test salt iodine content. From 2018 to 2020, according to the "Ningxia Iodine Deficiency Disorders Surveillance Program (2016 Edition)", random urine samples of children and pregnant women were collected to detect urinary iodine content. In 2018 and 2019, the thyroid volume of children was measured by B-mode ultrasound, and the goiter rate was calculated.Results:In 2018, 13 kinds of salt were supplied in the market of Zhongwei City, a total of 130 salt samples were tested, and 11 samples of non-iodized salt were detected, with a rate of 8.46%. From 2016 to 2020, the consumption rates of qualified iodized salt in Zhongwei City were 90.33% (813/900), 67.89% (611/900), 78.67% (708/900), 91.56% (825/901) and 94.44% (850/900), respectively. From 2018 to 2020, the medians urinary iodine of children aged 8 - 10 years old were 189.33, 195.64, and 222.10 μg/L, and the medians urinary iodine of pregnant women were 158.21, 158.01, and 171.84 μg/L, respectively. In 2018 and 2019, the goiter rates of children aged 8 - 10 years old were 1.75% (7/400) and 0.67% (4/600), respectively.Conclusion:After marketization reform of salt industry, the consumption rates of qualified iodized salt in Zhongwei City decrease in 2017 and 2018, however, children and pregnant women have sufficient iodine nutrition, and the goiter rate of children is controlled at a low level.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912317

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the short term outcomes and postoperative respiratory complications of patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension(CTEPH) treated by pulmonary endarterectomy(PEA).Methods:45 consecutive CTEPH patients underwent PEA between December 2017 and January 2020 in our institution were enrolled, including 25 females and 20 males. The mean age of operation was 51.2(25-70) years old. 24(53.5%) patients were in New York Heart Association(NYHA) functional class Ⅲ-Ⅳ. The mean PVR before operation was 923(461-2 711) dyn·s·cm -5. All patients’ data were entered in a prospective database, divieded into patients with respiratory complications group(WRC)and without respiratory complications group(WORC). To assess risk factors for postoperative respiratory complications and its effect on short term outcomes. Results:There was a significant reduction in mPAP(from 37 mmHg to 20 mmHg) and PVR(from 923 dyn·s·cm -5 to 293 dyn·s·cm -5) in the entire group. The in-hospital mortality rate was 4.4%(2 cases), died due to postoperative cardiogenic circulatory failure, even with VA-ECMO treatment and mediastinal infection, respectively. Postoperative respiratory complications occurred in 32 patients(71.1%). The most common complications were reperfusion pulmonary edema 44.4%(20 cases) and residual pulmonary hypertension 11.1%(5 cases). The WRC group showed a tendency to have longer periods of mechanical ventilation, longer ICU stays and more ICU costs. Independent predictors of postoperative respiratory complications were time from symptom onset to PEA>36 months( OR=12.2, 95% CI: 2.1-70.7, P=0.005)and six-minute walking distance<300 m( OR=12.6, 95% CI: 1.1-138.0, P=0.0038). Conclusion:Pulmonary endarterectomy is an effective and safe treatment for CTEPH. Postoperative respiratory complications were mainly determined by symptom onset time and pre-operative status. Patients with CTEPH should consider PEA surgery early.

5.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 947-950, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909643

ABSTRACT

Because of the widespread development and application of rapid response system (RRS) in medical institutions in developed countries, such as Europe, America and Australia, the clinical adverse events (cardiac arrest, accidental death, etc.) in hospital patients have been reduced and improved. Meanwhile, the hospitalization rate and mortality rate of intensive care unit in hospital patients have been reduced, thus shortening the hospitalization time and reducing the medical expenses. Nevertheless, RRS is still in the exploration stage in our country. Therefore, the article reviews the RRS model and application development.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908491

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and influencing factors of mortality in patients with intra-abdominal candidiasis (IAC).Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 203 IAC patients who were admitted to 7 medical centers from June 2018 to June 2020 were collected, including 54 cases in Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, 31 cases in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, 25 cases in Beijing Hospital, 25 cases in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, 24 cases in China-Japan Friendship Hospital, 22 cases in General Hospital of Eastern Theater Command of Chinese PLA and 22 cases in Chongqing University Cancer Hospital. There were 130 males and 73 females, aged (64±15)years. Observation indicators: (1) candida infection and treatment of IAC patients; (2) analysis of influencing factors for mortality of IAC patients. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were expressed as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed by Logistic regression model. Results:(1) Candida infection and treatment of IAC patients: 134 cases of candida albicans were cultured in the initial abdominal drainage fluid or intraoperative abdominal specimens of 203 patients, and 49 cases were treated with fluconazole. Of 69 cases infected with non candida albicans, 13 cases were treated with fluconazole. The resistance rate of candida albicans to fluconazole was 5.91%(12/203). Of 203 patients, there were 68 cases with infections shock, 53 cases with renal failure, 84 cases with respiratory failure and 63 cases with multiple organ failure, respectively. There were 148 of 203 patients admitted to intensive care unit for 9 days(range, 3-20 days), and the total hospital stay was 28 days(range, 17-50 days). Of 203 patients, 86 cases were cured and discharged, 50 cases were improved and transferred to local hospitals, 32 cases gave up treatment and discharged automatically, 19 cases died, 16 cases had no follow-up data. The mortality was 25.12%(51/203). (2) Analysis of influencing factors for mortality of IAC patients. Results of univariate analysis showed that acute physiology and chronic health evaluation score, sequential organ failure assessment score, the Cr, bilirubin, albumin, procalcitonin, and PLT on the first day of candida positive culture, of the lowest value in a week and the highest in a week, heart disease, diabetes, infections shock, renal failure, respiratory failure, multiple organ failure, anti-fungal therapy were the related factors for mortality of IAC patients ( t=-2.322, Z=-2.550, -2.262, -4.361, t=2.085, Z=-3.734, -5.226, -2.394, -5.542, t=3.462, Z=-4.957, -5.632, 3.670, -5.805, t=3.966, Z=-3.734, -5.727, χ2=4.071, 4.638, 27.353, 18.818, 13.199, 26.251, 13.388, P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the bilirubin, procalcitonin on the first day of candida positive culture and infections shock were independent risk factors for mortality of IAC patients ( odds ratio=1.021, 1.022, 6.864, 95% confidence interval as 1.010-1.033, 1.001-1.044, 1.858-25.353, P<0.05). Conclusions:The common fungus of IAC was candida albicans, and fluconazole can be used as the initial empirical treatment. The prognosis of patients with abdominal candidiasis is poor. Bilirubin, procalcitonin on the first day of candida positive culture and infections shock are indepen-dent risk factors for mortality of IAC patients.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888482

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical effect of mouse nerve growth factor (mNGF) in the treatment of children with global developmental delay (GDD).@*METHODS@#A prospective clinical trial was conducted in 60 children with GDD who were treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University between July 2016 and July 2017. These children were randomly divided into two groups: conventional rehabilitation treatment and mNGF treatment group (@*RESULTS@#Before treatment and after 1.5 months of treatment, there was no significant difference in the developmental quotient (DQ) of each functional area of the Gesell Developmental Scale between the mNGF treatment and conventional rehabilitation treatment groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#In children with GDD, routine rehabilitation training combined with mNGF therapy can significantly improve their cognitive, motor, and social abilities.


Subject(s)
Animals , Epilepsy , Mice , Prospective Studies , Social Skills
8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1139-1142, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867377

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and related factors of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) for the treatment of adult typeⅠ respiratory failure.Methods:The medical records of the subjects with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure supported by HFNC therapy in the medical intensive care unit between October 2017 and February 2019 were reviewed retrospectively. The patients′ baseline characteristics and the serial changes in the respiratory parameters after HFNC therapy at 1 and 24 hours were measured. Therapy success was defined as the avoidance of intubation. The subjects were divided into two groups.Results:Of the 75 eligible patients, 62.7%(47/75) belonged to success group. Overall, HFNC therapy significantly improved the physiologic parameters, such as partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO 2), saturation of arterial oxygen (SaO 2), respiratory rate (RR), and heart rate (HR), throughout the first 24 hours. After the adjustment for the other clinical variables, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA), cardiogenic pulmonary edema, and PaO 2 improvement at 1 and 24 hours were associated with therapy success. The overall intensive mortality was 25.3%. However, out of 37.3% of the patients who required belonged to failure group, the mortality was 67.9%. The mortality in the failure group was associated with the use of a vasopressor and a limited PaO 2 improvement at 1 hour. Conclusions:HFNC can significantly improve the physiological parameters of adult patients with acute type I respiratory failure and avoid endotracheal intubation in some patients. The failure to improve oxygenation within 24 hours was a useful predictor of intubation. Among the failure group, the vasopressor use and failed oxygenation improvement were associated with mortality.

9.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1118-1120,f3, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867356

ABSTRACT

Severe pneumonia is a common disease in intensive care unit (ICU), which is characterized by acute onset, poor prognosis, and can cause multiple systems dysfunction. For critical ill patients, in a state of stress, catabolism is increased, and nutritional risk is extremely high. Proper nutrition treatment can reduce the decomposition of own tissues in the stress period and supplement the protein and energy needed by the body′s metabolism. Therefore, the nutritional treatment of severe pneumonia patients is particularly important. This paper mainly reviews the nutritional literatures of severe pneumonia and critical ill patients in recent years, in order to provide more appropriate nutritional treatment for severe pneumonia patients.

10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1251-1252, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867000

ABSTRACT

During the epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019, due to the need to collect a large number of nucleic acid samples, the staff are under great pressure. For this reason, the medical staff of China-Japan Friendship Hospital developed a mobile positive pressure clean chamber and applied for a national utility model patent (application number: 202021173605.8). The equipment is composed of a cabin body, an operation hole equipped with rubber gloves, an interactive channel with two electric doors, an environmental control unitandanair-conditioner. When in use, the medical staff are located inside the cabin, and their hands are protruded by two operating holes to calculate and sample for the tested personnel. Then the samples are placed on the table outside the cabin waiting for inspection. The clean chamber can be used in hospitals, communities and other places, while achieving the goal of efficient sampling, and the risk of infection in the process is reduced by effectively blocking the contact between medical staff and the source of infection.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880316

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is commonly known as an environmental sensor. Polymorphisms in AhR gene have been implicated in susceptibility to cancer. However, the results were controversial. This study was conducted to quantitatively summarize the association between AhR polymorphisms and cancer risk by meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#Relevant reports were searched in four databases (Embase, PubMed, Wanfang, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure). We used pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) to evaluate the strength of the association in both standard and cumulative meta-analysis. Subgroup and sensitivity analysis was also performed, and between-study heterogeneity and publication bias were checked.@*RESULTS@#A total of seventeen studies referring to three AhR polymorphisms (rs2066853, rs7796976, and rs2074113) were identified, and 9557 cases and 10038 controls were included. There was no statistically significant association of AhR rs2066853 polymorphism with cancer risk in the overall population, and the negative results were repeated in subgroup analysis by the ethnicity and cancer type. Concerning AhR rs7796976 or rs2074113 polymorphism, no significant correlation was detected. Moreover, these non-significant findings were stable in sensitivity analysis, and the cumulative meta-analysis indicated a trend of no significant link between this three AhR polymorphisms and cancer risk as more data accumulated over time.@*CONCLUSION@#This meta-analysis provides evidence that the rs2066853, rs7796976, or rs2074113 polymorphism in AhR gene is not a susceptible predictor of cancer. Further clinical and functional investigation between AhR polymorphisms and cancer susceptibility are needed.


Subject(s)
Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Confidence Intervals , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/epidemiology , Humans , Neoplasms/genetics , Odds Ratio , Polymorphism, Genetic , Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon/genetics
12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 609-612, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869440

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of sedatives on the activity of the diaphragm assessed by ultrasound and the timing of extubation in elderly patients after elective surgery.Methods:All 60 eligible elderly patients were randomly divided into three groups: the propofol group, the midazolam group and the control group(n=20, each group). Remifentanil was used in the three groups to keep the Critical Care Pain Observation Tool(CPOT)score less than 3.Patients in the propofol and midazolam groups were given propofol and midazolam sedation respectively, and the Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale(RASS)score was maintained at -2.Diaphragmatic activity was measured, the time from the end of the operation to extubation was recorded, and delirium was evaluated, and the above results were compared with those of the control group, which did not receive sedatives.Results:The activity of the diaphragm was lower in the propofol and midazolam groups than in the control group[(1.10±0.12)cm, (1.17±0.30)cm vs.(1.63±0.25)cm, F=30.170, P=0.000], and there was no significant difference between the propofol group and the midazolam group( t=25.340, P=0.615). There was no significant difference in duration of extubation among the propofol, midazolam and control groups[(1.41±2.08)d, (1.25±1.53)d vs.(1.19±1.40)d, F=0.089, P=0.915]. The incidence of delirium was higher in the midazolam group than in the propofol and control groups[55.0%(11/20), 20.0%(4/20) vs.15.0%(3/20), χ2=5.230, P=0.022, χ2=7.030, P=0.008)], but the difference between the propofol group and control group was not statistically significant( χ2=0.170, P=0.677). Conclusions:The application of sedatives after elective surgery has an effect on the activity of the diaphragm in elderly patients, and the effects of propofol and midazolam are similar.However, propofol and midazolam have no influence on the duration of extubation in elderly patients after elective surgery.Compared with propofol, midazolam increases the incidence of delirium in elderly patients after elective surgery.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846659

ABSTRACT

Objective: Based on response surface methodology, HPLC was applied to quantitatively determine the optimal processing technology of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata cum Melle (GRRPM) from the perspective of multi-index and comprehensive evaluation. Methods: HPLC was used for quantitative analysis, and the content of liquiritin, liquiritigenin, licochalcone A and glycyrrhetinic acid was used as inspection indexes. Response surface methodology was used to investigate the effects of the adding amount of honey, steaming and soaking time, frying temperature and frying time on the processing technology of GRRPM, and to optimize the optimal processing technology of GRRPM. Results: The chromatographic column was Diamonsil C18 (2) (4.6 mm × 200 mm, 5 μm); mobile phase was acetonitrile-0.1% phosphate aqueous solution, gradient eluting: 0-20 min, 12%-32% acetonitrile; 20-45 min, 32%-70% acetonitrile; 45-75 min, 70%-97% acetonitrile, with detection wavelength of 260 nm, column temperature of 20 ℃, and flow rate of 1 mL/min; Using liquiritin as internal standard, the relative correction factors of glycyrrhizin, licochalcone A, glycyrrhizinic acid and their relative correction factors were determined and calculated to be 0.56, 0.64 and 1.42, respectively. The optimum processing process of GRRPM was as follows: the amount of honey was 1/4, the soaking time was 15 min, frying pan bottom temperature was 160 ℃, and frying time was 13 min. Conclusion: The results of systematic adaptability investigation of the experimental content determination method meet the requirements. The best processing scheme of GRRPM optimized by response surface methodology is feasible and provides scientific basis for formulating quality standards and modern research of GRRPM.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826615

ABSTRACT

Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene, RSV) has been widely used in mammalian cells, but whether it can be used during freezing boar semen is still unknown. The effects of RSV treatment during boar semen freezing on its anti-freezing ability, apoptosis, and possible apoptotic pathways were observed in this study. Sperm motility, mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨ), adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL)-positive apoptotic state, and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression levels of apoptotic genes involved in different apoptotic pathways after freezing with or without RSV treatment were tested. The results showed that: (1) Compared with fresh sperm, the motility, normal acrosome rate, and plasma membrane integrity rate of frozen boar sperm decreased significantly (P0.05), but it did significantly improve the normal acrosome rate (57.65% vs. 47.00%, P<0.05) and plasma membrane integrity rate (46.67% vs. 38.85%, P<0.05). (2) After freezing, most boar sperm showed low mitochondrial ΔΨ. RSV treatment could increase the rate of high mitochondrial ΔΨ of boar sperm. (3) RSV treatment significantly decreased reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels (58.65% vs. 88.41%, P<0.05) and increased the ATP content (0.49 μmol/L vs. 0.25 μmol/L, P<0.05) of boar sperm during freezing. (4) The apoptotic rate of the freezing group (80.41%) with TUNEL detection increased significantly compared to the fresh group (9.70%, P<0.05), and RSV treatment greatly decreased the apoptotic rate (68.32%, P<0.05). (5) Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) showed that not only the genes from the death receptor-mediated apoptotic pathway (tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), Fas ligand (FasL), and Caspase-8), but also the genes from the mitochondria-mediated apoptotic pathway (manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), and Caspase-9) were both significantly changed after freezing. RSV treatment during freezing greatly changed their expression levels. Although RSV treatment during boar semen freezing did not significantly increase motility after thawing, it still played an efficient antioxidant role, which could enhance the mitochondrial function and decrease the apoptotic level induced by both the death receptor- and mitochondria-mediated apoptotic pathways.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787738

ABSTRACT

To investigate the relationship of sleep duration and sleep quality with anxiety in the elderly aged 60 years and older in China. The elderly aged 60 years and older were selected from the China Short-term Health Effects of Air Pollution Study conducted between July 18, 2017 and February 7, 2018. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the association of sleep duration and sleep quality with anxiety. A total of 3 897 elderly aged 60 years and older were included in the study. The age of the elderly was (73.4±8.0) years old. Among the elderly surveyed, 6.5 were defined with anxiety, and 18.7 reported poor sleep quality. Multivariate logistic regression models showed shorter sleep duration was the risk factor for anxiety in the elderly that after adjusting for factors such as general demographics, socioeconomic factors, lifestyle, health status, social support and ambient fine particulates exposure. Compared with the elderly with 7 hours of sleep duration daily, the (95) of anxiety for those with sleep duration ≤ 6 hours was 2.09 (1.49-2.93). Compared with those with good sleep quality, the (95) of anxiety for those with poor sleep quality was 5.12 (3.88-6.77). We also found statistically significant correlations of the scores of subscales of Pittsburgh sleep quality index with anxiety, in which the effects of sleep disturbance, subjective sleep quality and daytime dysfunction scores were most obvious, the (95) were 4.63 (3.55-6.04), 2.75 (2.33-3.23) and 2.50 (2.19-2.86), respectively. Subgroup analysis showed that the association of sleep duration and sleep quality with anxiety was more obvious in males and in those aged <80 years. Shorter sleep duration and poor sleep quality are associated with anxiety in the elderly in China.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787713

ABSTRACT

To analyze influencing factors for depressive symptoms in the elderly aged 65 years and older in 8 longevity areas in China. We recruited 2 180 participants aged 65 years and older in 8 longevity areas from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study, a sub-cohort of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey in 2017. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the relationships of socio-demographic characteristics, behavioral lifestyle, chronic disease prevalence, functional status, family and social support with depressive symptoms in the elderly. The detection rate of depression symptoms was 15.0 in the elderly aged 65 years and older in 8 longevity areas of China, and the detection rate of depression symptoms was 11.5 in men and 18.5 in women. Multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that the detection rate of depressive symptoms was lower in the elderly who had regular physical exercises (=0.44, 95: 0.26-0.74), frequent fish intakes (=0.57, 95: 0.39-0.83), recreational activities (=0.65, 95: 0.44-0.96), social activities (=0.28, 95: 0.11-0.73) and community services (=0.68, 95: 0.50-0.93). The elderly who were lack of sleep (=2.04, 95: 1.49-2.80), had visual impairment (=1.54, 95: 1.08-2.18), had gastrointestinal ulcer (=2.97, 95: 1.53-5.77), had arthritis (=2.63, 95: 1.61-4.32), had higher family expenditure than income (=1.80, 95: 1.17-2.78) and were in poor economic condition (=4.58, 95: 2.48-8.47) had higher detection rate of depressive symptoms. The status of doing physical exercise, fish intake in diet, social activity participation, sleep quality or vision, and the prevalence of gastrointestinal ulcers and arthritis were associated with the detection rate of depressive symptoms in the elderly.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787709

ABSTRACT

To establish a prediction model for 6-year incidence risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the elderly aged 65 years and older in China. In this prospective cohort study, we used the data of 3 742 participants collected during 2008/2009-2014 and during 2012-2017/2018 from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study, a sub-cohort of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. Two follow up surveys for renal function were successfully conducted for 1 055 participants without CKD in baseline survey. Lasso method was used for the selection of risk factors. The risk prediction model of CKD was established by using Cox proportional hazards regression models and visualized through nomogram tool. Bootstrap method (1 000 resample) was used for internal validation, and the performance of the model was assessed by C-index and calibration curve. The mean age of participants was (80.8±11.4) years. In 4 797 person years of follow up, CKD was found in 262 participants (24.8). Age, BMI, sex, education level, marital status, having retirement pension or insurance, hypertension prevalence, blood uric acid, blood urea nitrogen and total cholesterol levels and estimated glomerular filtration rate in baseline survey were used in the model to predict the 6-year incidence risk of CKD in the elderly. The corrected C-index was 0.766, the calibration curve showed good consistence between predicted probability and observed probability in high risk group, but relatively poor consistence in low risk group. The incidence risk prediction model of CKD established in this study has a good performance, and the nomogram can be used as visualization tool to predict the 6-year risk of CKD in the elderly aged 65 years and older in China.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798880

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish a prediction model for 6-year incidence risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the elderly aged 65 years and older in China.@*Methods@#In this prospective cohort study, we used the data of 3 742 participants collected during 2008/2009-2014 and during 2012-2017/2018 from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study, a sub-cohort of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. Two follow up surveys for renal function were successfully conducted for 1 055 participants without CKD in baseline survey. Lasso method was used for the selection of risk factors. The risk prediction model of CKD was established by using Cox proportional hazards regression models and visualized through nomogram tool. Bootstrap method (1 000 resample) was used for internal validation, and the performance of the model was assessed by C-index and calibration curve.@*Results@#The mean age of participants was (80.8±11.4) years. In 4 797 person years of follow up, CKD was found in 262 participants (24.8%). Age, BMI, sex, education level, marital status, having retirement pension or insurance, hypertension prevalence, blood uric acid, blood urea nitrogen and total cholesterol levels and estimated glomerular filtration rate in baseline survey were used in the model to predict the 6-year incidence risk of CKD in the elderly. The corrected C-index was 0.766, the calibration curve showed good consistence between predicted probability and observed probability in high risk group, but relatively poor consistence in low risk group.@*Conclusion@#The incidence risk prediction model of CKD established in this study has a good performance, and the nomogram can be used as visualization tool to predict the 6-year risk of CKD in the elderly aged 65 years and older in China.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798876

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze influencing factors for depressive symptoms in the elderly aged 65 years and older in 8 longevity areas in China.@*Methods@#We recruited 2 180 participants aged 65 years and older in 8 longevity areas from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study, a sub-cohort of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey in 2017. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the relationships of socio-demographic characteristics, behavioral lifestyle, chronic disease prevalence, functional status, family and social support with depressive symptoms in the elderly.@*Results@#The detection rate of depression symptoms was 15.0% in the elderly aged 65 years and older in 8 longevity areas of China, and the detection rate of depression symptoms was 11.5% in men and 18.5% in women. Multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that the detection rate of depressive symptoms was lower in the elderly who had regular physical exercises (OR=0.44, 95%CI: 0.26-0.74), frequent fish intakes (OR=0.57, 95%CI: 0.39-0.83), recreational activities (OR=0.65, 95%CI: 0.44-0.96), social activities (OR=0.28, 95%CI: 0.11-0.73) and community services (OR=0.68, 95%CI: 0.50-0.93). The elderly who were lack of sleep (OR=2.04, 95%CI: 1.49-2.80), had visual impairment (OR=1.54, 95%CI: 1.08-2.18), had gastrointestinal ulcer (OR=2.97, 95%CI: 1.53-5.77), had arthritis (OR=2.63, 95%CI: 1.61-4.32), had higher family expenditure than income (OR=1.80, 95%CI: 1.17-2.78) and were in poor economic condition (OR=4.58, 95%CI: 2.48-8.47) had higher detection rate of depressive symptoms.@*Conclusion@#The status of doing physical exercise, fish intake in diet, social activity participation, sleep quality or vision, and the prevalence of gastrointestinal ulcers and arthritis were associated with the detection rate of depressive symptoms in the elderly.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798875

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship of sleep duration and sleep quality with anxiety in the elderly aged 60 years and older in China.@*Methods@#The elderly aged 60 years and older were selected from the China Short-term Health Effects of Air Pollution Study conducted between July 18, 2017 and February 7, 2018. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the association of sleep duration and sleep quality with anxiety.@*Results@#A total of 3 897 elderly aged 60 years and older were included in the study. The age of the elderly was (73.4±8.0) years old. Among the elderly surveyed, 6.5% were defined with anxiety, and 18.7% reported poor sleep quality. Multivariate logistic regression models showed shorter sleep duration was the risk factor for anxiety in the elderly that after adjusting for factors such as general demographics, socioeconomic factors, lifestyle, health status, social support and ambient fine particulates exposure. Compared with the elderly with 7 hours of sleep duration daily, the OR (95%CI) of anxiety for those with sleep duration ≤ 6 hours was 2.09 (1.49-2.93). Compared with those with good sleep quality, the OR (95%CI) of anxiety for those with poor sleep quality was 5.12 (3.88-6.77). We also found statistically significant correlations of the scores of subscales of Pittsburgh sleep quality index with anxiety, in which the effects of sleep disturbance, subjective sleep quality and daytime dysfunction scores were most obvious, the ORs (95%CI) were 4.63 (3.55-6.04), 2.75 (2.33-3.23) and 2.50 (2.19-2.86), respectively. Subgroup analysis showed that the association of sleep duration and sleep quality with anxiety was more obvious in males and in those aged <80 years.@*Conclusion@#Shorter sleep duration and poor sleep quality are associated with anxiety in the elderly in China.

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