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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903978

ABSTRACT

Apoptosis is proved responsible for renal damage during ischemia/reperfusion. The regulation for renal apoptosis induced by ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) has still been unclearly characterized to date. In the present study, we investigated the regulation of histone acetylation on IRI-induced renal apoptosis and the molecular mechanisms in rats with the application of curcumin possessing a variety of biological activities involving inhibition of apoptosis. Sprague–Dawley rats were randomized into four experimental groups (SHAM, IRI, curcumin, SP600125). Results showed that curcumin significantly decreased renal apoptosis and caspase-3/-9 expression and enhanced renal function in IRI rats. Treatment with curcumin in IRI rats also led to the decrease in expression of p300/cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CBP) and activity of histone acetyltransferases (HATs). Reduced histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) acetylation was found near the promoter region of caspase-3/-9 after curcumin treatment. In a similar way, SP600125, an inhibitor of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), also attenuated renal apoptosis and enhanced renal function in IRI rats. In addition, SP600125 suppressed the binding level of p300/CBP and H3K9 acetylation near the promoter region of caspase-3/-9, and curcumin could inhibit JNK phosphorylation like SP600125. These results indicate that curcumin could attenuate renal IRI via JNK/p300/CBP-mediated anti-apoptosis signaling.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896274

ABSTRACT

Apoptosis is proved responsible for renal damage during ischemia/reperfusion. The regulation for renal apoptosis induced by ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) has still been unclearly characterized to date. In the present study, we investigated the regulation of histone acetylation on IRI-induced renal apoptosis and the molecular mechanisms in rats with the application of curcumin possessing a variety of biological activities involving inhibition of apoptosis. Sprague–Dawley rats were randomized into four experimental groups (SHAM, IRI, curcumin, SP600125). Results showed that curcumin significantly decreased renal apoptosis and caspase-3/-9 expression and enhanced renal function in IRI rats. Treatment with curcumin in IRI rats also led to the decrease in expression of p300/cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CBP) and activity of histone acetyltransferases (HATs). Reduced histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) acetylation was found near the promoter region of caspase-3/-9 after curcumin treatment. In a similar way, SP600125, an inhibitor of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), also attenuated renal apoptosis and enhanced renal function in IRI rats. In addition, SP600125 suppressed the binding level of p300/CBP and H3K9 acetylation near the promoter region of caspase-3/-9, and curcumin could inhibit JNK phosphorylation like SP600125. These results indicate that curcumin could attenuate renal IRI via JNK/p300/CBP-mediated anti-apoptosis signaling.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921772

ABSTRACT

When ischemia or hemorrhagic stroke occurs, astrocytes are activated by a variety of endogenous regulatory factors to become reactive astrocytes. Subsequently, reactive astrocytes proliferate, differentiate, and migrate around the lesion to form glial scar with the participation of microglia, neuron-glial antigen 2(NG2) glial cells, and extracellular matrix. The role of glial scars at different stages of stroke injury is different. At the middle and late stages of the injury, the secreted chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan and chondroitin sulfate are the main blockers of axon regeneration and nerve function recovery. Targeted regulation of glial scars is an important pathway for neurological rehabilitation after stroke. Chinese medicine has been verified to be effective in stroke rehabilitation in clinical practice, possibly because it has the functions of promoting blood resupply, anti-inflammation, anti-oxidative stress, inhibiting cell proliferation and differentiation, and benign intervention in glial scars. This study reviewed the pathological process and signaling mechanisms of glial scarring after stroke, as well as the intervention of traditional Chinese medicine upon glial scar, aiming to provide theoretical reference and research evidence for developing Chinese medicine against stroke in view of targeting glial scarring.


Subject(s)
Astrocytes , Axons/pathology , Cicatrix/pathology , Gliosis/pathology , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nerve Regeneration , Stroke/drug therapy
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1391-1399, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887084

ABSTRACT

Our previous studies have shown that puerarin, an active component of the traditional Chinese medicine-Pueraria Lobata, can improve glycometabolism in high-fat diet (HFD) mice with diabetes by activating the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) pathway. This study intends to further evaluate the effect of puerarin on depressive symptoms in HFD mice. Long-term HFD induces type 2 diabetes and depressive-like symptoms in mice. Animal welfare and experimental procedures follow the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of the Affiliated Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (approval No. AEWC-025). The experiment was divided into: control group, model group, model/puerarin (150 mg·kg-1·day-1) group, and model/fluoxetine (15 mg·kg-1·day-1) group. The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and behavioral experimental analysis were performed after 6 weeks of continuous administration. Afterwards, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), and corticosterone (CORT) in serum of mice for each group. Western blot assays were used to detect the level of activation and expression of proteins related to neuroplasticity and depressive disorder in the hippocampus. Moreover, HT-22 cell line was used to investigate the protective effect of puerarin on cell morphology and survival. The results show that puerarin can effectively maintain the survival of HT22 in an environment with high glucose and corticosterone. Meantime, the glycemic regulation of diabetic mice was improved after treatment of puerarin, the depressive symptoms were alleviated, the 5-HT increased, and the corticosterone, IL-1β, and IL-6 decreased in the serum. The up-regulation of related proteins in GLP-1R/Wnt/mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) signaling in hippocampus suggests that its effect on ameliorating depression in diabetic mice may be related to the activation of GLP-1R/Wnt/mTOR signaling pathway. This study shows that puerarin can significantly ameliorate the depressive symptoms of HFD induced diabetic mice which might be achieved through activating the GLP-1R/Wnt/mTOR signaling pathway and improving hippocampal neuroplasticity.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922718

ABSTRACT

An epidemiological investigation was carried out on a local cluster of outbreak caused by imported cases of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in rural areas of Chengdu in December 2020, to find out the source of infection and the chain of transmission. According to


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Disease Outbreaks , Epidemics , Humans , Quarantine , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907623

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has become an important part of the health system in the Sultanate of Oman. Although there is no independent law, the local health department has implemented the administrative measures such as the admittance assessment system of TCM doctors and the standardized examination and approval of TCM clinics. The development of TCM in the Sultanate of Oman is supported by the policies of the two governments, with the characteristics likemedical cooperation starting with high-level personnel, the cooperation in economy, trade and medical treatment, TCM and local traditional medicine showing inclusive with good base, and the advantages of TCM theory and treatment meeting the needs of the local medical market. The prospect of cooperation in TCM market is broad. It is suggested that the local government should promote the legislation of traditional medicine and improve the admittance system of practitioners. China needs to promote the formulation of international standards of TCM and optimize the cooperation platform of TCM by using Internet and other technologies. The practitioners in China need to carry out medical activities on the premise of understanding and respecting the local cultural background.In order to promote the development of TCM in Arab countries, the Sultanate of Oman will radiate the whole Middle East through the above strategies.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817711

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To determine the effects of an open-lung strategy(OLS)comprising moderate positive end- expiratory pressure (PEEP) and intermittent recruitment manoeuvres(RMs) on plasma levels of lung epithelial injury markers[i.e. soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products(sRAGE)and Clara cell protein(CC16)]during low- tidal-volume ventilation for surgery.【Methods】One hundred patients who were undergoing laparoscopic colorectal cancer resection under low-tidal-volume ventilation were enrolled in this study. They were randomly assigned(1∶1)to the OLS group(using PEEP of 6~8 cmH2O and intermittent RM),or the NOLS group(without using PEEP and RM). Blood samples were taken before anesthesia induction(T1),immediately after surgery(T2)and the postoperative day 3(T3)to measure the plasma concentrations of sRAGE and CC16. 【Results】 Significant differences were not observed in the concentrations of sRAGE and CC16 at T1,T2 and T3 between the two groups(all P > 0.05). For all the enrolled patients, the concentrations of sRAGE at T2 and T3 were higher than that at T1,the concentration of sRAGE at T3 was higher than that at T2,and the concentration of CC16 at T3 was higher than that at T1 and T2(all P < 0.05).【Conclusions】In patients under general anesthesia with low-tidal-volume ventilation,the using of an OLS comprising medium PEEP and intermittent RMs can not alter plasma levels of lung epithelial injury markers(sRAGE and CC16)in three days after surgery.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873130

ABSTRACT

Objective::On the basis of previous research, to detect the changes of six main alkaloids in Gelsemium elegans rhizomes before and after being processed, so as to reveal its internal mechanism of processing. Method::The contents of gelsemine, humantenidine, koumine, gelsenicine, gelsevirine and humantenine in G. elegans rhizomes was determined simultaneously by HPLC, the content changes of these components before and after processing and its reasons were analyzed by cluster analysis and principal component analysis. The mobile phase was methanol (A)-0.1%formic acid aqueous solution (B) for gradient elution (0-10 min, 22%A; 10-20 min, 22%-30%A; 20-30 min, 30%-40%A). The flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1. The detection wavelength was set at 254 nm, the injection volume was 10 μL, and the column temperature was 30 ℃. Result::Before processing, contents of the above six components in raw products were 1.444, 1.129, 3.590, 1.603, 2.376, 1.631 mg·g-1, after processing, the contents of these six components were 2.258, 0.343, 1.176, 0.115, 0.459, 0.281 mg·g-1, respectively. Gelsenicine, the most toxic ingredient of G. elegans rhizomes, decreased most significantly with a decreasing rate of 92.83%, while the less toxic ingredient, gelsemine, increased by 56.37%after processing. The contents of other four components in G. elegans rhizomes decreased to varying degrees after processing. The results of cluster analysis indicated that G. elegans rhizomes were clearly divided into two categories before and after processing. Principal component analysis showed that the first principal component before and after processing was changed from koumine to gelsemine. Conclusion::The degradation of toxic components and content changes of other components may be one of the intrinsic mechanism of toxicity attenuation and efficacy reservation of G. elegans rhizomes being processed.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881040

ABSTRACT

As a representative drug for the treatment of severe community-acquired pneumonia and sepsis, Xuebijing (XBJ) injection is also one of the recommended drugs for the prevention and treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), but its treatment mechanism for COVID-19 is still unclear. Therefore, this study aims to explore the potential mechanism of XBJ injection in the treatment of COVID-19 employing network pharmacology and molecular docking methods. The corresponding target genes of 45 main active ingredients in XBJ injection and COVID-19 were obtained by using multiple database retrieval and literature mining. 102 overlapping targets of them were screened as the core targets for analysis. Then built the PPI network, TCM-compound-target-disease, and disease-target-pathway networks with the help of Cytoscape 3.6.1 software. After that, utilized DAVID to perform gene ontology (GO) function enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis to predict the action mechanism of overlapping targets. Finally, by applying molecular docking technology, all compounds were docked with COVID-19 3 CL protease(3CLpro), spike protein (S protein), and angiotensin-converting enzyme II (ACE2). The results indicated that quercetin, luteolin, apigenin and other compounds in XBJ injection could affect TNF, MAPK1, IL6 and other overlapping targets. Meanwhile, anhydrosafflor yellow B (AHSYB), salvianolic acid B (SAB), and rutin could combine with COVID-19 crucial proteins, and then played the role of anti-inflammatory, antiviral and immune response to treat COVID-19. This study revealed the multiple active components, multiple targets, and multiple pathways of XBJ injection in the treatment of COVID-19, which provided a new perspective for the study of the mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/metabolism , Biological Availability , COVID-19/virology , Coronavirus 3C Proteases/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Molecular Docking Simulation/methods , Protein Interaction Mapping/methods , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/metabolism
10.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 344-350, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829107

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Our previous research showed that Naotaifang (a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine) extract (NTE) has clinically beneficial effects on neurological improvement of patients with acute cerebral ischemia. In this study, we investigated whether NTE protected acute brain injury in rats and whether its effects on ferroptosis could be linked to the dysfunction of glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) and iron metabolism.@*METHODS@#We established an acute brain injury model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rats, in which we could observe the accumulation of iron in neurons, as detected by Perl's staining. Using assay kits, we measured expression levels of ferroptosis biomarkers, such as iron, glutathione (GSH), reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malonaldehyde (MDA); further the expression levels of transferrin receptor 1 (TFR1), divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1), solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11) and GPX4 were determined using immunohistochemical analysis, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot assays.@*RESULTS@#We found that treatment with NTE reduced the expression levels of TFR1 and DMT1, reduced ROS, MDA and iron accumulation and reduced neurobehavioral scores, relative to untreated MCAO rats. Treatment with NTE increased the expression levels of SLC7A11, GPX4 and GSH, and the number of Nissl bodies in the MCAO rats.@*CONCLUSION@#Taken together, our data suggest that acute cerebral ischemia induces neuronal ferroptosis and the effects of treating MCAO rats with NTE involved inhibition of ferroptosis through the TFR1/DMT1 and SCL7A11/GPX4 pathways.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878858

ABSTRACT

In order to analyze the expression of genes involved in steroidal saponin biosynthesis pathway in Polygonatum cyrtonema tubers, it is very important to select internal reference genes that are stably expressed at different development stages and in response to abiotic stress. According to the previously established P. cyrtonema transcriptome database and reported internal reference genes in plant, this study systematically analyzed eight candidate internal reference genes including histone H2 A, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, ACTIN, β-tubulin, ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme-E2-10, elongation factor 1-alpha isoform, 18 S rRNA and α-tubulin 4 for expression stability in P. cyrtonema tubers at different development stages and in response to methyl jasmonate(MeJA) stress by using Real time fluorescence quantitative PCR(qPCR). Based on the statistical analysis of qPCR results by using GeNorm, NormFinder and BestKeeper softwares, the expression of ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme-E2-10 and elongation factor 1-alpha isoform are the most stable in P. cyrtonema tubes at different development stages and in response to MeJA stress. The two internal reference genes were further validated by analyzing the expression of 4 genes involved in steroidal saponin biosynthesis pathways. In conclusion, ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme-E2-10 and elongation factor 1-alpha isoform can be used as the most appropriate internal reference genes for qPCR analysis in P. cyrtonema. This study also provide a foundation for future investigate the molecular mechanism of steroidal saponin biosynthesis pathways in P. cyrtonema.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Profiling , Polygonatum , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Stress, Physiological , Transcriptome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807929

ABSTRACT

@#Adverse drug reaction(ADR)reports are acting as primary sources for post-marketing drug safety evaluation, which have important reference value for drug safety evaluation. In this article, bidirectional gated recurrent unit, a kind of deep learning method, was applied as the model for relation extraction of drugs and adverse reactions in free-text section of ADR descriptions in Chinese ADR reports, with attention as well as character embedding and word segmentation embedding added into the network. The experimental results showed that our model achieved good performance in the classification task of confirming the relationship of “Drug-ADR” pair(denial, likely, direct and post-therapy)in the ADR description, and the final model achieved an F-value of 87. 52%. The extracted information can assist in evaluating ADR reports and at the same time be utilized in tasks like statistical analysis of certain drugs and adverse events and ADR knowledge base construction to provide more research techniques for drug safety researches.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710708

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical outcome of renal transplantation and analyze the risk factors influencing the kidney allograft survival after transplantation.Methods The clinical data of 524 cases of renal transplantation between January 2007 and December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.Serum creatinine was determined,and glomerular filtration rate(GFR) was estimated.The 1-,2-and 3-year patient and graft survival after transplantation was calculated.Adverse events were recorded.Results The median follow-up time was 17.2 months.The 1-,2-and 3-year graft survival rate after transplantation was 97%,95.8% and 95.3%,respectively.The 1-,2-and 3-year patient survival rate after transplantation was 97.8%,97% and 97%,respectively.The eGFR was (67.6 ± 24.1),(68.9±24.2) and (72.7 ± 26.2) ml·min-1 ·1.73 m-2 at 1st,2nd and 3rd year after transplantation.The incidence of delayed graft function(DGF) was 20.6% (108/524).Multivariate analysis revealed donor type (P =0.005) and the terminal creatinine (P<0.001) were the independent risk factors of DGF.Elder recipients (P =0.004),recipients with diabetes(P =0.031),preoperative positivity of panel reactive antibody(PRA) (P =0.023),and donor with hypertension (P =0.046) were risk factors influencing the kidney allograft survival.Conclusion Kidney transplantation showed good outcomes at 3rd year after transplantation.The recipient age,recipient's history of diabetes,preoperative PRA and donor's history of hypertension are independent risk factors for renal graft survival.

14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 130-134, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303186

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Elderly multiple myeloma (MM) patients often tend to suffer a variety of diseases, so the treatment of choice is very difficult for the elderly myeloma patients. The overall survival (OS) time and side effects with elderly patients are unclear in China. The study tried to find out the role of geriatric assessment in the Chinese elderly MM.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed the data of 628 newly diagnosed patients from six hospitals from June 2011 to June 2013. A geriatric assessment had been performed to assess comorbidities, cognitive, and physical status for these patients. The primary endpoint was to evaluate different physical states of elderly patients with OS time and treatment-related side effects.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>An additive scoring system (range: 0-5), based on age, Katz's Activity of Daily Living (ADL) and Lawton's Instrumental Activity of Daily Living (IADL) ≤5 and Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) was developed to identify three groups: fit (score = 0); intermediate-fitness (score = 1); and frail (score ≥2). The 3-year OS was 63% in fit patients, 63% in intermediate-fitness patients, and 49% in frail patients ≥3 hematologic adverse events (AEs) were documented in 45 (35.4%) fit, 34 (34%) intermediate-fitness, and 121 (30.2%) frail patients. The risk of a grade ≥3 hematologic AEs was not significantly increase in intermediate-fitness (hazard ratios [HR]: 0.99, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.54-1.47, P = 1.000) and in frail patients (HR: 1.16, 95% CI: 0.70-1.93, P = 0.558) compared with fit ones.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MM occurs earlier in life and being advanced when the diagnosis is made in the mainland of China. The overall survival in frailty with International Staging System (ISS) II/III was the worst in all patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Aged , China , Cognition , Physiology , Female , Geriatric Assessment , Methods , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Male , Multiple Myeloma , Mortality , Psychology , Retrospective Studies
15.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1467-1472, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614852

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of Naotai formula extract(NTE)on the expression of heme oxygenase-1(HO-1) and hephaestin(Heph) in hippocampus of rats after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion by Keap1-Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway.Methods Eighty rats were randomly divided into five groups as follows: sham operation group(Sham), cerebral ischemia/reperfusion group(I/R), low dose group of NTE(4.5 g·kg-1), middle dose group of NTE (9 g·kg-1) and high dose group of NTE(18 g·kg-1).Rats were pretreated by intragastric administration for three consecutive days, and then subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) 2 hours before reperfusion.The rats were administered with intragastric administration for two days.After cerebral ischemia reperfusion 72 hours, the behavioral activity of rats was recorded by Zea Longa neurological score, and the infarct volume was measured by TTC staining.The expressions of Nrf2, HO-1 and Heph in hippocampus of cerebral ischemia reperfusion rats were observed by real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot, respectively.Results Compared with model group, the neurobehavioral scores significantly decreased in NTE high-dose and middle-dose groups (P<0.01);the infarct volume of NTE groups markedly decreased (P<0.01);the expression of HO-1 mRNA apparently increased (P<0.05) in NTE groups;the expression of Heph mRNA significantly increased in NTE middle-dose and high-dose groups (P<0.05);the expression of Nrf2 and Heph protein evidently increased in the NTE middle and high dose groups (P<0.05, P<0.01);and the expression of HO-1 protein also increased in NTE groups(P<0.01).Conclusions Naotai formula can relieve cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury.The mechanism might be associated with activating Keap1-Nrf2/ARE signaling pathways, promoting HO-1 generation, advancing the expression of Heph, and then reducing brain iron deposition, to achieve the protection of neurons after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608465

ABSTRACT

This paper presented the conventional methods for signal detection of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and their applications, the research progress in ADRs signal mining based on healthcare big data, and briefed the methods and uses of ADRs prediction using machine learning technology in the era of healthcare big data.The conclusion was that deep learning, as a fast growing tool in machine learning, will become hotspot of research, expected to help with ADRs signal mining and rational clinical drug use.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360078

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical efficacy and toxicity of CLAT protocol (cladribine, cytarabine and topotecan) for treating patients with refractory acute myeloid leukemia (R-AML).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 18 patients with R-AML (median age 37 years, range 18 to 58 years; male n = 16, female n = 2) were treated with CLAT protocol, which consisted of cladribine 5 mg/m(2)/d, i.v. on days 1-5, cytarabine 1.5 g/m(2)/d, i.v. on days 1-5, topotecan 1.25 mg/m(2)/d, i.v. on days 1-5 and G-CSF 300 µg/d subcutaneous injection on day 6 until neutrophile granulocyte recovery.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Out of 18 patients 2 died of severe infection before the assessment. Among 16 evaluated patients, 10 (55.6%) achieved complete remission (CR), and 2 (11.1%) achieved partial remission (PR), the overall response rate was 66.7%, the rest 4 patients did not respond (NR). The median overall survival time and DFS for the CR patients was 9.5 months (95%CI: 6.7-16.64) and 9.5 months (95%CI: 6.1-16.7) respectively. The 1 year OS and DFS rates were 45% and 46.9%, respectively. All patients developed grade 4 of granulocytopenia and thrombocytopenia, the median duration was 13 (range 2 to 21) days and 12 days (range 2 to 21), respectively, all patients developed infection, 2 patients died of severe infection. The most common non-hematological side effects included nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, rash, aminotransferase or bilirubin elevation and were grade 1 to 2.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The CLAT protocol seems to have promising for the treatment of refractory AML patients, and patients well tolerated. This CLAT protocol offers an alternative treatment for R-AML patients who received severe intensive treatment, especially with anthracycline-containing chemotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Agranulocytosis , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Cladribine , Therapeutic Uses , Cytarabine , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Drug Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Remission Induction , Thrombocytopenia , Topotecan , Therapeutic Uses , Young Adult
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286857

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To improve Luo-Ye pump-based stress-forming system and optimize the stimulating effect on smooth muscle cells during cultivation of tissue-engineered blood vessels (TEBV).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A new Luo-Ye pump-based TEBV 3D culture system was developed by adding an air pump to the output of the bioreactor. A pressure guide wire was used to measure the stress at different points of the silicone tube inside the TEBV bio-reactor, and fitting curves of the stress changes over time was created using Origin 8.0 software. The TEBVs were constructed by seeding vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) isolated from human umbilical artery on polyglycolic acid (PGA) and cultured under dynamic conditions with 40 mmHg resistance (improved group), dynamic conditions without resistance (control group) or static condition (static group) for 4 weeks. The harvested TEBVs were then examined with HE staining, masson staining, α-SMA immunohistochemical staining, and scanning and transmission electron microscopy with semi-quantitative analysis of collagen content and α-SMA expression.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The measured stress values and the fitting curves showed that the stress stimuli from the Luo-Ye pump were enhanced by adding an air pump to the output of the bioreactor. Histological analysis revealed improved VSMC density, collagen content and α-SMA expression in the TEBVs constructed with the improved method as compared with those in the control and static groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Adding an air pump to the Luo-Ye pump significantly enhances the stress stimulation in the TEBV 3-D culture system to promote the secretion function of VSMCs.</p>


Subject(s)
Bioreactors , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Cells, Cultured , Collagen , Metabolism , Humans , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Cell Biology , Polyglycolic Acid , Tissue Engineering , Methods
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261194

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the risk factors for the development of congenital anal atresia in neonates.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 70 neonates who were admitted to 17 hospitals in Foshan, China from January 2011 to December 2014 were enrolled as case group, and another 70 neonates who were hospitalized during the same period and had no anal atresia or other severe deformities were enrolled as control group. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the risk factors for the development of congenital anal atresia.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The univariate analysis revealed that the age of mothers, presence of oral administration of folic acid, infection during early pregnancy, and polyhydramnios, and sex of neonates showed significant differences between the case and control groups (P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that infection during early pregnancy (OR=18.776) and male neonates (OR=9.304) were risk factors for congenital anal atresia, and oral administration of folic acid during early pregnancy was the protective factor (OR=0.086).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Infection during early pregnancy is the risk factor for congenital anal atresia, and male neonates are more likely to develop congenital anal atresia than female neonates. Supplementation of folic acid during early pregnancy can reduce the risk of congenital anal atresia.</p>


Subject(s)
Anus, Imperforate , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Logistic Models , Male , Pregnancy , Risk Factors
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289934

ABSTRACT

The circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are derived from primary or metastatic tumor lesions and can be detected in the peripheral blood. With certain specific features, CTCs can,to certain extent, reflect the progression and invasiveness of tumors. Detection of CTCs may provide a powerful and noninvasive approach for diagnosing neoplastic disease, identifying drug sensitivity, and enabling real-time treatment monitoring and prognosis prediction. Improvements in cell isolation and molecular identification will enable a broad range of clinical applications.


Subject(s)
Cell Separation , Disease Progression , Humans , Neoplastic Cells, Circulating , Prognosis
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