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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374395


We report a case of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) with a fenestrated stent graft for ulcer-like projection (ULP) of the proximal anastomosis after total arch replacement (TAR) for acute type A aortic dissection (DAA). A 73-year-old woman with a history of surgical resection of a left atrial myxoma in January 2009 underwent TAR for DAA in November 2011. The contrast enhanced CT (CE-CT) 72 days after TAR revealed two ULPs anterior and posterior to the proximal anastomosis. Surgical repair would be difficult because of the history of cardiac and aortic surgery, therefore TEVAR with a fenestrated stent graft was performed. The postoperative course was uneventful and she was discharged on the 8th postoperative day. The CE-CT 3 months after TEVAR showed almost completely thrombosed ULPs. Endovascular repair with fenestrated stent graft for the proximal anastomotic ULP can be a useful and effective treatment.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374391


Endovascular aortic aneurysm repair using stent graft (SG) for both thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms (SG therapy) rapidly became widespread in Japan because of its relatively low invasiveness. Pre- and postoperative contrast enhanced CT are mandatory in SG therapy and angiography is required during SG therapy. Therefore contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) might occur after SG therapy. In our hospital, a renal protection protocol (oral <i>N</i>-acetylcysteine, perioperative normal saline infusion and bicarbonate infusion during SG therapy) was introduced in June 2010. In this report, the effect of the renal protection protocol on renal function after SG therapy was evaluated. During May 2008 and March 2012, 229 patients underwent SG therapy in our hospital. Serum creatinine (CRTN) was higher than 1.5 mg/dl and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was less than 50 ml/min/1.73 m<sup>2</sup> in 26 patients. In these 26 patients, the renal protection protocol was applied in 15 patients (group P) and group P was compared with the 11 patients without renal protection protocol (group N). Also the relationship between CIN occurrence and preoperative renal function was evaluated in 192 patients who did not receive the renal protection protocol. CIN was defined as more than 25% or 0.5 mg/dl increase of CRTN based on the European Guidelines. As renal protection protocol, <i>N</i>-acetylcysteine (600 mg) was given 4 times every 12 h. Normal saline infusion was started on the evening of the day before surgery at the rate of 50 ml/h and was continued until 1h before surgery. Sodium bicarbonate solution (151 mEq/<i>l</i>) was started 1 h before surgery at the rate of 180 ml/h and the infusion rate was decreased to 60 ml/h during surgery. After surgery, 1,000 ml of normal saline was given at a rate of 60 ml/h. In group N, CRTN increased 1 and 3 days after SG therapy and returned to baseline level 6 days after SG therapy. On the other hand, CRTN was lower than baseline after SG therapy in group P. At 3 days after SG therapy, the percent change of CRTN component with baseline level was significantly lower in group P (14.5±19.1% in group N, -3.7±15.8% in group P, <i>p</i>=0.014). CIN occurrence tended to be more in group N (45% in group N, 7% in group P, <i>p</i>=0.054). Among the 192 patients without the renal protection protocol, CIN occurred in 16 patients (29.1%) out of 55 patients with preoperative CRTN≥1.0 mg/dl and eGFR≤50 ml/min/1.73 m<sup>2</sup>, however CIN occurred in only 1 patient (0.7%) among 137 patients with preoperative renal function out of this range (<i>p</i><0.001). Renal protection protocol seemed to be effective to prevent CIN after SG therapy. Renal protection might be useful for patients with a CRTN≧1.0 mg/dl and eGFR≦50 ml/min/1.73 m<sup>2</sup>.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362979


Endovascular repair for abdominal aortic aneurysm (EVAR) has become widespread in Japan because of its low invasiveness. However adequate proximal neck length is required for EVAR. Unfortunately the surgical mortality of para-renal aortic aneurysm cases has been higher than that of infrarenal aortic aneurysm cases, especially in high-risk patients. A manufacture-modified fenestrated Zenith stent graft system has already been developed, however this new device is not yet available in Japan. Furthermore this device could not be used in an emergency situation because it takes 2-3 weeks for preparation. Therefore we introduced a surgeon-modified fenestrated Zenith stent graft (fenestrated Zenith) system in December 2010 for patients with a proximal neck length of 5-10 mm. The fenestrated Zenith was not indicated if the supra-renal angle and proximal neck angle exceeded 35°. From May 2007 to February 2012, abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) with a short neck were repaired with fenestrated Zenith in 11 high-risk patients (group Fene), and AAAs with a proximal neck length of more than 15 mm were repaired with a standard Zenith in 43 patients (group IFU). There were two ruptured AAA in the Fene group. Proximal neck length was significantly shorter in the Fene group (5.5±1.4 mm in the Fene group, 26.4±9.5 mm in the IFU group, <i>p</i><0.0001) and proximal neck angle was significantly less in the Fene group (20±13° in the Fene group, 36±18° in the IFU group, <i>p</i>=0.008). The Zenith stentgraft system was deployed successfully in all patients. The frequency of type Ia endoleak detected by angiography after stent graft deployment and balloon attachment did not differ significantly (36% in the Fene group 26% in the IFU group, <i>p</i>=0.475) and the frequency of Palmaz stent requirement for type Ia endoleak which persisted after 10 min of additional balloon attachment also did not differ significantly (27% in Fene group, 9% in IFU group). All fenestrated renal arteries were shown to be patent by angiography. There was no hospital death despite 2 cases of ruptured AAA, nor were these major complications in either group. Serum creatinine levels at 1, 3, 6 and 30 days after EVAR did not differ significantly between the 2 groups. In 9 out of 11 patients, only type II endoleaks were detected and aneurysm shrinkage tended to be more in Fene group (9.9±5.7 mm in Fene group, 5.4±6.1 mm in IFU group, <i>p</i>=0.062) on enhanced CT 6 months after EVAR. Also all fenestrated renal arteries were patent in these 9 patients. The surgeon-modified fenestrated Zenith system seemed to be effective for AAA patients with short proximal necks, but long term follow up is mandatory.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362921


The results of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) for severe neck angulation with an Excluder were evaluated. We performed EVAR in 51 patients, using an Excluder, from September 2007 to September 2011. The angle between proximal neck and the aneurysm (Angle) was less than 61° in 31 patients (Group I), 61-90° in 13 patients (Group II) and more than 90° in 7 patients (Group III). In Groups I and II, the angled proximal neck was straightened with a stiff guide wire and a Trunkipsilateral device was deployed slowly (aortic modification technique). In Group III, the device modification technique was applied. In this technique, the stiff guide wire was inserted in the aortic root. The Trunkipsilateral device was bent to the contra lateral limb side and was inserted into the aorta. The stiff guide wire was pushed in with a fulcrum at the aortic valve. This procedure resulted in bending of the wire and the trunk-ipsilteral device became parallel to the proximal neck. The renal artery position was confirmed on angiographys and the main body was deployed slowly. We performed angiography after planned device deployment to evaluated Type Ia endoleak, and if it was observed, an additional procedure such as Aortic Extender or Palmaz XL stent deployment was performed and the Type Ia endoleak was evaluated during the procedure by completion angiography. The Angle change was measured by enhanced CT at 7 days and 6 month after EVAR. The Angle were 97-137° in Group III. The frequency of Type Ia endoleak after planned device deployment (35% in Group I, 55% in Group II and 17% in Group III), additional procedure for Type Ia endoleak (29% in Group I, 23% in Group II and 14% in Group III) and Type Ia endoleak by completion angiography (0% in Group I, 8% in Group II and 14% in Group III) did not differ significantly between the 3 groups. When Group I was sub divided into those with Angle less than 41° (Group Ia, 15 patients) and those with an Angle from 41 to 60° (Group Ib, 16 patients), Type Ia endoleak after planned device deployment (18% in Group Ia, 63% in Group Ib) was significantly more frequent in Group Ib and the additional procedure for Type Ia endoleak (7% in Group Ia, 50% in Group Ib) was more frequent in Group Ib. The Angle significantly decreased 7 days after EVAR and did not change thereafter in all 3 groups. EVAR with an Excluder for severe neck angulation was feasible by device modification with the bending technique. This technique might be useful for patients with an Angle of more than 41°.