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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909164

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical application value of craniotomy with hematoma evacuation combined with decompressive craniectomy in the treatment of severe traumatic brain injury.Methods:Sixty-eight patients with severe traumatic brain injury who received treatment in China Coast Guard Bureau Hospital, China between June 2016 and June 2019 were randomly assigned to receive either craniotomy with hematoma evacuation combined with decompressive craniectomy (observation group, n = 34) or conventional craniotomy (control group, n = 34). Surgical value for severe traumatic brain injury and the occurrence of complications were compared between the observation and control groups. Results:Before treatment, there were no significant differences in intracranial pressure, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score, activity of daily living between the observation and control groups (all P > 0.05). After 7 days of treatment, intracranial pressure in the two groups was significantly decreased compared with before treatment, and intracranial pressure in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group ( t = 17.284, P < 0.001). After treatment, Glasgow Coma Scores were significantly increased in the two groups, and Glasgow Coma Scores in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( t = 5.823, 7.185, 9.234, all P < 0.05). In addition, the numbers of patients with grade I, II and III severe traumatic brain injury in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (all P < 0.05). The number of patients with grade V prognosis in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [20 (58.8%) vs. 8 (23.5%), χ2 = 8.743, P < 0.05]. After treatment, severe traumatic brain injury was mitigated in the two groups. National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group, and the activity of daily living in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group. The numbers of patients with delayed hematoma, a need for reoperation, hydrocephalus, acute encephalocele, epilepsy, and intracranial infection in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group. Conclusion:Craniotomy with hematoma evacuation combined with decompressive craniectomy for treatment of severe traumatic brain injury can greatly decrease intracranial pressure, reduce the degree of injury and improve prognosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905817

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the change in the number of family planning technical services in Pudong New Area of Shanghai from 2011 through 2018, and provide scientific evidence for improving reproductive health care for women of childbearing age. Methods:Trend analysis was performed according to the data of family planning technical service and obstetric service records by all medical and health care facilities in Pudong New Area from 2011 through 2018. Results:Top four family planning operations were vacuum aspiration, intrauterine device (IUD) removal, IUD insertion and medical abortion. The average annual number of family planning operations was 77 320, which declined over years with an average reduction rate of 3.32%. The average reduction rate of contraceptive and induced abortion was 5.87% and 1.6%, respectively. The reduction rate of IUD insertion was higher than that of IUD removal. Vacuum aspiration was the leading method of induced abortion, accounting for 77.9%, in which 79.27% was performed with intravenous anesthesia. Among the women receiving induced abortion, majority of them were married and non-local residents. The ratio of induced abortion to the live birth decreased over years from 2011 through 2018. Conclusion:Number of family planning technical services in Pudong New Area of Shanghai decreases from 2011 through 2018. Vacuum aspiration and IUD removal are the main operations in family planning surgery. With the decrease of long-term medically controlled contraceptive and birth control measures, it is necessary to strengthen the correct and effective use of self-controlled contraceptive measures for women of childbearing age, especially for those non-local married women, so as to reduce unwanted pregnancies and repeated induced abortions.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920752

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the prevalence of soil-transmitted nematode infections in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020, so as to provide insights into the development of the scheme for further soil-transmitted nematodiasis surveillance. Methods Soil-borne nematode infections were detected using the modified Kato-Katz method (two slides for one sample) among the permanent residents living in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020, and Enterobius vermicularis infection was additionally detected among children at ages of 12 years and lower using the adhesive cellophane-tape perianal swab method. The prevalence and intensity of human soil-borne nematode and E. vermicularis infections were descriptively analyzed. Results A total of 51 259 person-time residents were detected for soil-borne nematode infections in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020, and 48 egg-positives were identified, with a 0.09% prevalence. The soil-borne nematodes infecting residents included Ascaris lumbricoides, hookworm and Trichuris trichiura, with 0.04%, 0.05% and 0.002% prevalence rates of infections, and all infections were mild. There was a region-specific prevalence of soil-borne nematode infections in Yancheng City (χ2 = 18.21, P = 0.02), with the highest prevalence seen in Funing County (0.21%), while no infections were detected in Dafeng District for five successive years. The overall prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was 0.22% among children at ages of 12 years and lower in Yancheng City. Conclusions The prevalence of soil-borne nematode infections appears a gradual decline in residents living in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020, and is at an extremely low level. Further surveillance of soil-transmitted nematodiasis requires to be intensified targeting key regions and populations to consolidate the control achievements.

4.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 176-182, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885492

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the etiology, clinical manifestations and renal pathological features of acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) in children.Methods:The etiology, clinical manifestations, pathological characteristics, clinical effects and outcome of the children with AIN diagnosed by renal biopsy from January 2010 to December 2019 in Nanjing Jinling Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate the kidney survival rate. Cox regression model was built to analyze the risk factors for developing end-stage renal disease (ESRD) at baseline in AIN children.Results:A total of 51 children with AIN were diagnosed by renal biopsy, including 36 males and 15 females. The age was (12.94±2.55) years old (2-17 years old). The clinical manifestations of AIN in children were various and lack of specificity. Only 2 cases (3.92%) had triad. All of the 51 children with AIN showed acute renal injury (AKI), accompanied by increased serum creatinine and decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate. The stage of AKI was mainly stageⅢ(33 cases, 64.71%). Infection was the main cause (38 cases, 74.51%) and drug factor was the second cause (27 cases, 52.94%) in children with AIN. Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were the main inducers of drug-induced AIN (18 cases, 35.29%). The interstitial inflammatory cell infiltration or interstitial edema was found in 51 children. The infiltration of inflammatory cells was mainly mononuclear cells (46 cases, 90.20%). After 4 weeks of treatment, 32 cases (62.75%), 11 cases (21.57%) and 8 cases (15.69%) showed complete, partial and no recovery of renal function, respectively. After 12 weeks of treatment, 49 cases (96.08%), 0 cases (0) and 2 cases (3.92%) showed complete, partial and no recovery of renal function, respectively. After an average follow-up of 4.0(2.0-15.0) months, 2 case (3.92%) patients developed ESRD. The cumulative survival rates of ESRD at 1 year and 2 years after renal biopsy both were 100%, and renal survival rates at 5 years and 10 years were 96.55% and 72.41%, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis results showed that N-acetyl-β-D-glucosidase (NAG) enzyme level>17.6 U/g·cr ( HR=15.729, 95% CI 1.045-15.977, P=0.042) and IgM deposition in renal tissue ( HR=7.523, 95% CI 1.142-9.541, P=0.033) were independent risk factors for developing ESRD in AIN children. Conclusions:AKI is the main clinical manifestation of AIN in children. The characteritic of renal pathology in AIN is tubulointerstitial lesions. After active treatment, most of the patients have a good prognosis. Prevention of infection and rational use of drugs are the key to reduce the incidence rate of AIN in children. The N-acetyl-β-D-glucosidase enzyme level>17.6 U/g·cr and IgM deposition in renal tissue are independent risk factors for developing ESRD in AIN children.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878409

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate caries status and its impact factors in preschool children in plateau and to provide reference for caries prevention in highlands.@*METHODS@#Examination of caries was performed on 1 597 children aged 3-5 years old in 11 kindergartens in Changdu, Xizang, in accordance with the 4th National Oral Health Survey standards and methods. Their parents were surveyed with the questionnaire regarding oral hygiene habit and consciousness about oral health and related factors. All the data were collected and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of caries among children aged 3-5 years old in Changdu was 52.85%, with dmft index of 2.44. The caries rate and dmft of children aged 3 years old were lower than those of children aged 4 and 5 years old (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The prevalence of ca-ries in children aged 3-5 years old in Changdu increases with aging. Good oral hygiene and eating habits and regular oral examination can reduce the rate of caries.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Cross-Sectional Studies , DMF Index , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Female , Humans , Male , Oral Health , Oral Hygiene , Prevalence
6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1479-1484, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881285

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To isolate the water extract of polysaccharide from Cistanche tubulosa ,and to investigate their immunocompetence in vitro . METHODS :AB-8 macroporous adsorption resin was used to decolorize C. tubulosa polysaccharide. The decolorization process was optimized by orthogonal test with retention rate and decolorization rate of polysaccharide as comprehensive score ,and using adsorption rate ,decolorization time ,sample concentration as factors. The verification tests were conducted. DEAE- 650M ion exchange column was used to separate the water extract of decolorized C. tubulosa polysaccharide. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the effect s of different concentration of polysaccharide (6.25-100 μg/mL)before and after isolation on the proliferation rate of mice macrophage RAW 264.7. Griess method and ELISA assay were adopted to detect the effects of low , medium and high concentration of polysaccharide (12.5,25,50 μg/mL)on the release of NO ,IL-6 and TNF-α in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells. RESULTS :In the optimal decolorization process of AB- 8 macroporous adsorption resin ,the adsorption flow rate was 1.2 BV/h,the decolorization time was 9 h,and sample concentration was 25 mg/mL. The comprehensive scores of 3 times of verification tests were 63.43%,63.29% and 63.34%,respectively,with an average of 63.35%(RSD=0.11%,n=3). One neutral polysaccharide (CTZ)and 5 acid polysaccharides (CT1,CT2,CT3,CT4,CT5)were isolated from the polysaccharide of C. cistanche ,the contents were 299.2,168.0,123.2,121.6,54.4,11.2 mg/g. Compared with control group ,6.25-100 μg/mL CTZ (except for 6.25 μg/mL),CT2,CT4,CT5 and 6.25 μg/mL CTC(the polysaccharide before seperation )could significantly increase the proliferation rate of RAW 264.7 cells(P<0.05),while 6.25-100 μg/mL CT1,CT3 and 50 μg/mL CTC could decrease te proliferation rate of RAW 264.7 cells(P<0.05). Compared with LPS group ,the release of NO were decreased significantly in low,medium and high concentration groups of CTC ,CT2,CT3 and CT 5,CTZ low concentration group (P<0.05),while were increased significantly in high concentration groups of CT 1 and CT 4 (P<0.05). The release of IL- 6 (except for CT 1 high concentration group and CT 5 low concentration group )and TNF-α(except for CT 1 medium concentration group )were decreased significantly in low ,medium and high concentration groups (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS :The optimized decolorization technology of macroporous adsorption resin is stable and feasible in the study. One neutral polysaccharide and 5 acidic polysaccharides can be isolated from water extract of C. tubulosa polysaccharides,among which CT 2 polysaccharide has stronger anti-inflammatory ability.

7.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 460-465, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821874

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate the differential expression of microRNA in gefitinib acquired resistant lung cancer cells and non-resistant cells and their roles on cell growth.MethodsGefitinib resistant NSCLC A549 and H1299 cells were constructed. The cell activity was detected by CCK-8 assays. Real-time PCR was used to detect microRNA expression. The intracellular microRNA expression profile was detected by microarray. The transfection of miRNA-7 mimic was used to up-regulate the expression of mir-7. EGFR protein expression was detected by Western -blotting.ResultsThe IC50 value of gefitinib resistant cells was 3 fold than that of their parental cells. The drug-resistant cells grew slowly compared with their parental cells. 43 miRNA were significantly changed in the gefitinib resistant cells, including 25 up-regulated miRNA and 18 down-regulated miRNA. The IC50 was significantly decreased and the EGFR expression was negatively regulated after up-regulated of mir-7.ConclusionmiR-7 expression negatively regulates EGFR expression and decreased expression of miR-7 is one of the mechanisms leading to gefitinib resistance in non-small cell lung cancer cells.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864017

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical manifestations, auxiliary examination results, prognosis and treatment of children with typical hemolytic uremic syndrome (D + HUS). Methods:The clinical data of 36 patients diagnosed as D + HUS in the Department of Pediatrics of Nanjing Jinling Hospital from January 2001 to January 2019 were collected, and the laboratory results including blood routine, liver and kidney function, coagulation function, humoral immunity and urine were compared before and after treatment. Results:The white blood cell count[ (9.28±6.77)×10 9/L vs.(11.20±5.93) ×10 9/ L ], C-reactive protein [7.15(3.34, 29.33) mg/L vs.31.83(25.03, 39.75) mg/L], reticulocyte count [(112.49±76.25)×10 9/L vs. (206.49±147.99)×10 9/L], erythrocyte sedimentation[15.02(11.79, 22.83) mm/1 h vs.28.06(24.13, 40.52) mm/1 h] , aspartate aminotransferase[50.04(41.92, 60.11) U/L vs.62.61(54.58, 83.52) U/L], alanine aminotransferase [16.72(11.80, 24.74) U/L vs.24.54(20.30, 34.36) U/L], uric acid [(532.84±309.06) μmol/L vs.(606.64±327.23) μmol/L], serum creatinine[160.07(124.87, 221.18) μmol/L vs.200.56(160.62, 283.01)μmol/L ], blood urea nitrogen [20.74(15.77, 28.40) mmol/L vs.33.67(25.91, 45.84) mmol/L], lactate dehydrogenase [488.21(337.59, 692.82) U/L vs.1 520.68(734.24, 2 272.10) U/L ], prothrombin time [(12.14±5.89) s vs. (17.91±6.12) s ], activated partial thrombin time [(25.05±6.26) s vs.(32.38±5.49) s], fibrinogen [ (3.79±2.17) g/L vs.(5.17±3.88) g/L], D-dimer [0.92(0.30, 1.13) mg/L vs. 1.27(1.01, 1.90) mg/L ], 24-hour urinary proteinuria [ (84.05±44.19) mg/(kg·24 h) vs.(112.18±78.26) mg/(kg·24 h) ], urinary sediment [175.73(79.72, 258.66)×10 7/L vs. 160.38(118.68, 361.83)×10 7/L], N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase [25.10(18.84, 33.02) U/(g·cr) vs. 41.57(29.49, 58.61) U/(g·cr)], urinary retinol binding protein [0.35(0.18, 1.33) mg/L vs 1.05(0.66, 1.68) mg/L.] in patients after treatment were significantly lower than those before treatment, and the differences were all statistically significant(all P<0.05); patients had higher levels of red blood cell count [ (4.51±1.73)×10 9/L vs.(2.43±1.40) ×10 9/L], platelet[(126.82±78.35)×10 9/L vs. (85.21±69.38)×10 9/L], hemoglobin[(118.46±18.27) g/L vs. (62.36±16.11) g/L], and complement C 3levels [(0.74±0.39) g/L vs.(0.58±0.27) g/L ] after treatment, and the differences were all all statistically significant(all P<0.05). Children with D + HUS showed multiple system injuries.Among 36 cases, 17 cases (47.22%) had fever, 31 cases (86.11%) had abdominal pain and diarrhea, 29 cases (80.56%) had nausea and vomiting, 8 cases (22.22%) had headache and dizziness, 36 cases (100.00%) had proteinuria and hematuria, 34 cases (94.44%) had renal insufficiency, and 21 cases (58.33%) had yellow staining of skin and sclera.The auxiliary examination for abnormal results mainly included renal pathology (100.00%) (mesangial proliferation endothelial cell proliferation and swelling, and shedding of renal tubular brush borders), bone marrow pathology (100.00%) (active bone marrow hyperplasia), and renal B-ultrasound (86.67 %) (kidney injury-like sound image). Conclusions:D + HUS in children shows multiple system damage.Digestive system abnormalities are the main causative factor of D + HUS in children, and the disease is dangerous.Therefore, early diagnosis and active treatment can improve the prognosis.

9.
Indian J Cancer ; 2018 Apr; 56(2): 173-175
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-190224

ABSTRACT

A 41 year old man presented with a familial history of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN2A) and severe hypertension. Rearranged during transfection (RET) gene sequencing confirmed a Cys634Tyr mutation of TGC to TAC. Total thyroidectomy and bilateral neck dissection were performed and the pathological assessment revealed a medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), 0.6 cm in size on the right side (number of lymph nodes: 0/2, 0/15, 0/12, and 0/8 in areas VI, II, III, and IV, respectively) and a papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), 0.2 cm in size on the left side (numbers of lymph nodes: 2/6, 0/3, 0/10, and 0/6 in areas VI, II, III, and IV, respectively). There were no pathological changes in the MTC observed in the thyroid tissues on the left side. We believe that the follow-up of patients with both MTC and PTC should utilize a combination of the respective principles for rational disease reassessment.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755579

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound-guided modified anterior approach to sciatic nerve block ( SNB) for orthopedic surgery with general anesthesia. Methods Ninety American So-ciety of Anesthesiology physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱpatients of both sexes, aged 18-64 yr, weighing 19-28 kg∕m2 , scheduled for elective knee joint or distal orthopedic surgery, were divided into 3 groups ( n=30 each) using a random number table method: modified anterior approach ( the puncture needle was almost perpendicular to the ultrasound beam) group, anterior approach group and posterior approach group. SNB ( injecting 0. 5% ropivacaine 20 ml) combined with femoral nerve block ( injecting 0. 5% ropivacaine 15-20 ml) was performed under ultrasound guidance. Surgery was completed under combination of the laryngeal mask and combined intravenous-inhalational anesthesia. When the respiratory rate ≥20 beats∕min and∕or the increase in heart rate was more than 20% of the baseline value, sufentanil 1μg∕time was intravenously injected. When visual analog scale ( VAS) score ≥4 within 24 h after surgery, celecoxib capsules 0. 2 g was taken orally for analgesia. The depth of sciatic nerve, needling depth, sharpness score of needle ima-ging under ultrasound, and operation time and duration of SNB were recorded. VAS scores at rest and dur-ing activity were recorded at 6, 8, 10, 12 and 24 h after surgery. The amount of sufentanil consumed dur-ing surgery and use of celecoxib capsules within 24 h after surgery were recorded. The development of ad-verse reactions such as hematoma at the puncture site, nausea and vomiting was also recorded after surgery. Results Compared with posterior approach group, the depth of sciatic nerve and needling depth were sig-nificantly increased, the operation time of SNB was prolonged, the duration of SNB was shortened, the in-traoperative consumption of sufentanil was increased, VAS scores at rest and during activity were increased at 10 h after surgery, and the sharpness score of needle imaging was increased in modified anterior approach and anterior approach groups (P<0. 05). Compared with anterior approach group, the sharpness score of needle imaging was significantly increased, and VAS scores during activity were decreased at 24 h after sur-gery in modified anterior approach group ( P<0. 05) . There was no significant difference in the requirement for celecoxib capsules within 24 h after surgery or occurrence of adverse reactions among the three groups ( P>0. 05) . Conclusion Although ultrasound-guided modified anterior approach to SNB provides compara-ble efficacy with anterior approach to SNB and is not as good as posterior approach to SNB when used for or-thopedic surgery with general anesthesia, modified anterior approach to SNB is easy to operate, with clear images under ultrasound.

11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 709-713, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754041

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation on prevention of intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICU-AW) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with mechanical ventilation. Methods A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted. Sixty COPD patients aged 18-85 years old who were accepted mechanical ventilation therapy admitted to general intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan University of Medicine from October 2017 to October 2018 were enrolled. Patients were divided into control group (n = 30) and intervention group (n = 30) by random number table method. All patients were accepted routine treatment, and on this basis, the intervention group was applied transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation on the extremities (twice a day, 30 minutes each time) after 24 hours of admission until ICU discharge. The Medical Research Council muscle strength score (MRC-Score), grip strength, incidence of ICU-AW on the 7th day after admission and on the day of ICU discharge; modified Barthel index score on the day of ICU discharge; and duration of mechanical ventilation, the length of ICU stay, and the length of hospital stay were compared between the two groups. Results Twenty-nine and 27 patients in the control group and the intervention group respectively finally completed the study in dividually. There was no significant difference in gender, age, Barthel index score before 2 weeks of ICU admission, body mass index or acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ(APACHEⅡ) in ICU between the two groups. There was no significant difference in the MRC-Score, grip strength or incidence of ICU-AW on the 7th day after ICU admission between the two groups. Compared to the control group, the MRC-Score, grip strength and Barthel index score in the intervention group were significantly increased [MRC-Score: 55.97±8.43 vs. 46.32±7.36, grip strength (kg): 33.46±11.62 vs. 27.42±9.64, Barthel index score:46.04±5.46 vs. 42.13±3.32, all P < 0.05], the incidence rate of ICU-AW was significantly decreased [7.4% (2/27) vs. 31.0% (9/29), P < 0.05], and duration of mechanical ventilation, the length of ICU stay, the length of hospital stay were significantly shortened [duration of mechanical ventilation (days): 5.12±2.01 vs. 7.24±4.35, the length of ICU stay (days): 8.34±2.36 vs. 10.45±2.62, the length of hospital stay (days): 13.21±2.21 vs. 15.38±3.67, all P < 0.05]. Conclusion Transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation can effectively improve the muscle strength of COPD patients with mechanical ventilation and reduce the incidence of ICU-AW.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753735

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical efficacy of thymalfasin on the immune function and inflammatory response in the treatment of patients with severe pneumonia.Methods From June 2015 to June 2018,86 patients with severe pneumonia in the Hospital of Zhejiang Provincial General Team of Armed Police were enrolled in the study.According to different treatment methods,they were divided into control group and treatment group,with 43 cases in each group.The control group was treated with cefoperazone/sulbactam sodium on the basis of conventional treatment.The treatment group was treated with thymalfasin on the basis of the treatment of the control group.The expression of monocyte human leukocyte antigen-DR (mHLA-DR),tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels were measured before and after treatment.At the same time,CD4+,CD8+,CD4+ /CD8 + before and after treatment were examined in the two groups.The efficacy and bacterial clearance rate of the two groups were evaluated.The adverse reactions were recorded.Results After treatment,the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in the two groups were significantly lower than those before treatment [treatment group:(44.9 ± 11.8)ng/L,(42.9 ± 13.1) ng/L vs.(86.5 ± 27.9) ng/L,(79.6 ± 28.6) ng/L,control group:(71.5 ± 14.2)ng/L,(65.9 ±22.6)ng/L vs.(87.1 ±28.6)ng/L,(78.8 ±29.1)ng/L,t =9.005,7.650,3.203,2.295,all P < 0.05].The expression level of mHLA-DR in the treatment group after treatment [(44.8 ± 5.7) %] was significantly higher than that before treatment [(27.1 ± 3.4) %,t =17.487,P =0.000].The changes of the indicators in the treatment group were significantly better than those in the control group (t =9.447,5.773,8.725,all P < 0.05).After treatment,the CD4+ level of the two groups were higher than those before treatment,and the CD8+ levels of the two groups were significantly lower than those before treatment,the differences were statistically significant(t =3.050,3.429,6.965,13.327,all P < 0.05),and the CD4 +/CD8 + of the two groups were significantly increased (t =0.370,3.314,all P <0.05).The indicators of the treatment group were improved more significantly than the control group (t =4.416,12.355,3.089,all P < 0.05).The bacterial clearance rate of the treatment group was 88.89% (32/36),which was significantly higher than that of the control group [67.65% (23/34),x2 =4.686,P =0.030].The clinical efficacy of the treatment group was 93.02% (40/43),which was significantly higher than 76.74% (33/43) of the control group (x2 =6.095,P =0.047).The incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups had no statistically significant difference (x2 =0.212,P =0.645).Conclusion Thymalfasin in the treatment of patients with severe pneumonia can improve the immune function,reduce the inflammatory response,improve the bacterial clearance rate and clinical efficacy,and will not increase the adverse reactions,so it is worthy of promoting.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744337

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of relatively closed environment dispensing mode on insoluble particles in pharmaceuticals.Methods The numbers of insoluble particles in conventional manual dispensing mode and relatively closed environment dispensing mode in lass Ⅰ and class Ⅲ environment were detected, effect of different dispensing modes on the number of insoluble particles in pharmaceuticals was compared.Results When adopting manual dispensing, the numbers of 1-10 μm insoluble particulates in different groups in class Ⅰ environment were less than those in class Ⅲ environment respectively, differences were all statistically significant (all P<0.05). When adopting a new mode of dispensing in relatively closed environment, there was no significant difference in the numbers of 1-15 μm insoluble particulates in different groups between class Ⅰ and class Ⅲ environment respectively (all P>0.05). The numbers of 1-20 μm and 1-15 μm insoluble particles in different groups were less than those in manual dispensing when the new mode of dispensing were adopted in class Ⅲ and class Ⅰenvironment respectively, differences were all statistically significant (all P<0.05). The numbers of 1-15 μm insoluble particles in different groups in manual dispensing in class Ⅰ environment were more than those in class Ⅲ environment respectively, difference were all statistically significant (all P<0.05).Conclusion The relatively closed environment dispensing mode can effectively reduce environmental particulates entering intravenous infusion system during dispensing process.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802887

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical efficacy of thymalfasin on the immune function and inflammatory response in the treatment of patients with severe pneumonia.@*Methods@#From June 2015 to June 2018, 86 patients with severe pneumonia in the Hospital of Zhejiang Provincial General Team of Armed Police were enrolled in the study.According to different treatment methods, they were divided into control group and treatment group, with 43 cases in each group.The control group was treated with cefoperazone/sulbactam sodium on the basis of conventional treatment.The treatment group was treated with thymalfasin on the basis of the treatment of the control group.The expression of monocyte human leukocyte antigen-DR (mHLA-DR), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels were measured before and after treatment.At the same time, CD4+, CD8+, CD4+/CD8+ before and after treatment were examined in the two groups.The efficacy and bacterial clearance rate of the two groups were evaluated.The adverse reactions were recorded.@*Results@#After treatment, the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in the two groups were significantly lower than those before treatment [treatment group: (44.9±11.8)ng/L, (42.9±13.1)ng/L vs. (86.5±27.9)ng/L, (79.6±28.6)ng/L, control group: (71.5±14.2)ng/L, (65.9±22.6)ng/L vs. (87.1±28.6)ng/L, (78.8±29.1)ng/L, t=9.005, 7.650, 3.203, 2.295, all P<0.05]. The expression level of mHLA-DR in the treatment group after treatment [(44.8±5.7)%] was significantly higher than that before treatment [(27.1±3.4)%, t=17.487, P=0.000]. The changes of the indicators in the treatment group were significantly better than those in the control group (t=9.447, 5.773, 8.725, all P<0.05). After treatment, the CD4+ level of the two groups were higher than those before treatment, and the CD8+ levels of the two groups were significantly lower than those before treatment, the differences were statistically significant(t=3.050, 3.429, 6.965, 13.327, all P<0.05), and the CD4+/CD8+ of the two groups were significantly increased (t=0.370, 3.314, all P<0.05). The indicators of the treatment group were improved more significantly than the control group (t=4.416, 12.355, 3.089, all P<0.05). The bacterial clearance rate of the treatment group was 88.89% (32/36), which was significantly higher than that of the control group [67.65% (23/34), χ2=4.686, P=0.030]. The clinical efficacy of the treatment group was 93.02%(40/43), which was significantly higher than 76.74%(33/43) of the control group (χ2=6.095, P=0.047). The incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups had no statistically significant difference (χ2=0.212, P=0.645).@*Conclusion@#Thymalfasin in the treatment of patients with severe pneumonia can improve the immune function, reduce the inflammatory response, improve the bacterial clearance rate and clinical efficacy, and will not increase the adverse reactions, so it is worthy of promoting.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790247

ABSTRACT

The traditional medical treatment mode is restricted by the medical level and medical resources in different regions, which results in obvious differences on the benefits of medical treatment for patients in different regions. With the development of global informationization, long-distance communication has been developing at a high speed. Telemedicine is gradually showing its advantages. Telemedicine can promote the equalization of medical level and strengthen the integration of medical resources among different regions. Telemedicine can be used in many aspects, such as the management of chronic diseases, consultation, triage, postoperative care, continuing education and so on, providing more convenient and effective medical services for patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816070

ABSTRACT

Bicuspid aortic valve stenosis(BAVs) is a relative contraindication for transcatheter aortic valve replacement(TAVR) because of its abnormal anatomical structures and pathological characteristics that result in a lower device success rate in BAVs than that in patients with tricuspid aortic valve. However, with the optimization of TAVR strategies and the application of new-generation devices,the effect of TAVR treatment on BAVs patients has been improved. Thus, the article is to introduce the characteristics of BAVs and the progress of TAVR in treatment of BAVs.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687616

ABSTRACT

Paclitaxel (PTX)-loaded self-assembling nano-micelles (PTX/NMs) were prepared based on amphiphilic cholesterol-bearing γ-polyglutamic acid (γ-PGA-graft-CH). The properties of PTX/NMs and were investigated. The results indicated that PTX could be entrapped in -PGA-graft-CH NMs. PTX/NMs was characterized with a size of (343.5 ± 7.3) nm, drug loading content of 26.9% ± 0.8% and entrapment efficiency of 88.6% ± 1.7% at the optimized drug/carrier ratio of 1/10, and showed a pH-sensitive sustainable drug-release and less cytotoxicity . release and the pharmacokinetics study in mice showed that the elimination half-life ( ) and area under curve (AUC) of PTX/NMs were significantly higher than those of PTX/polyoxyethylene castor oil (PTX/PCO), and less clearance (CL) of PTX/NMs was also observed. PTX/NMs were distributed higher in liver and tumor than PTX/PCO, and showed a good tumor-inhibiting activity in tumor-bearing mice. This study would lay a foundation on the potential application of -PGA-graft-CH NMs were the antitumor drug-delivery.

18.
Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6): 72-75,101, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700068

ABSTRACT

Object To analyze the potential risks and possible influencing factors of medical equipment during clinical operation, and to propose feasible measures to weaken the influences to medical treatment.Methods The hidden risks were analyzed from the aspects of equipment, environment, personnel and etc, and adverse events supervision mechanism was established to eliminate the risks.Results The hidden risks had to be supervised during daily clinical operation according to ISO 14971 standard, and the staffs such as clinical technician, electrical network system maintenance engineer and medical equipment supplier were suggested to be gifted with the responsibilities to recognize, find and treat hidden risks.Conclusion The supervision of hidden risks of medical equipment contributes to enhancing its safety and efficiency during clinical opera-tion.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699364

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore diagnostic value of high sensitive C reactive protein(hsCRP),cardiac troponin I(cTnI) and brain natriuretic peptide(BNP)detecting for acute cardiovascular diseases(ACVD).Methods:A total of 216 ACVD patients treated in our hospital were selected as ACVD group,another 216 healthy subjects undergoing physical examination during the same period were selected as healthy control group.According to presence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE)after treatment,ACVD group was further divided into MACE group(n=52)and no MACE group(n=164). Levels of hsCRP,cTnI and BNP were measured and compared among all groups.Specificity,sensitivity,positive and nega-tive predictive value of single and combined detections of hsCRP,cTnI and BNP for diagnostic ACVD were calculated and compared.Results:Compared with healthy control group,there were significant rise in levels of hsCRP,cTnI and BNP in ACVD group,P=0.001 all.Compared with before treatment,there were significant reductions in levels of hsCRP,cTnI and BNP in ACVD group after treatment,P=0.001 all;in ACVD group,compared with no MACE group after treat-ment,there were significant rise in levels of hsCRP,cTnI and BNP in MACE group,P=0.001 all.With imaging exami-nation as diagnosing gold standard for ACVD,compared with single detection of hsCRP and cTnI,there were significant rise in sensitivity(57.85%,72.32% vs.99.02%),positive predictive value(60.87%,74.31% vs.99.02%)and nega-tive predictive value(49.50%,71.03% vs.81.81%)in combined detection of hsCRP,cTnI and BNP,and specificity of combined detection was significantly higher than those of single hsCRP and BNP detection(81.81% vs.52.63%, 66.67%),P<0.05 or <0.01. Conclusion:Combined detection of hsCRP,cTnI and BNP can accurately diagnose acute cardiovascular diseases,evaluate their prognosis and is worth extending.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699329

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore predictive value of homocysteine (Hcy), C reactive protein (CRP) and non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) levels for prognosis of aged patients with ischemic stroke. Methods: Clinical data of 188 aged patients with ischemic stroke from our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. After three-month follow-up, patients were divided into good prognosis group (n=136) and poor prognosis group (n=52) according to their prognosis. Baseline data of two groups received single-factor and multi-factor Logistic regression analysis. ROC curve was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of Hcy, CRP and NEFA levels for prognosis of acute ischemic stroke. Results: Compared with good prognosis group, there were significant rise in percentages of hypertension, diabetes mellitus (DM) history, levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), Hcy, CRP and NEFA in poor prognosis group, P<0. 01 all. Multi-factor Logistic regression analysis indicated that DM history, Hcy, CRP and NEFA were independent risk factors for prognosis of acute ischemic stroke (OR=3. 501~5. 270, P=0. 001 all). Area under the ROC curve (AUC) of Hcy predicting prognosis was 0. 830, the optimal cutoff value was 17. 950 with sensitivity=0. 615 and specificity=0. 882. AUC of CRP predicting prognosis was 0. 805, the optimal cutoff value was 1. 395 with sensitivity=0. 731 and specificity=0. 735. AUC of NEFA predicting prognosis was 0. 723, the optimal cutoff value was 0. 485 with sensitivity=0. 615 and specificity=0. 706. Conclusion: Homocysteine, C reactive protein and non-esterified fatty acid are independent risk factors for prognosis of acute ischemic stroke, which possess certain predictive value for prognosis of acute ischemic stroke.

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