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1.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 495-500, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888442

ABSTRACT

Studies have explored the assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes of Y-chromosome azoospermia factor c (AZFc) microdeletions, but the effect of sperm source on intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) remains unknown. To determine the ART results of ICSI using testicular sperm and ejaculated sperm from males with AZFc microdeletions, we searched Embase, Web of Science, and PubMed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis. The first meta-analysis results for 106 cycles in five studies showed no significant differences in the live birth rate between the testicular sperm group and the ejaculated sperm group (risk ratio: 0.97, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.73-1.28, P = 0.82). The second meta-analysis of 106 cycles in five studies showed no difference in the abortion rate between the testicular sperm group and ejaculated sperm group (risk ratio: 1.06, 95% CI: 0.54-2.06, P = 0.87). The third meta-analysis of 386 cycles in seven studies showed no significant difference in clinical pregnancy rates between the testicular sperm group and the ejaculated sperm group (risk ratio: 1.24, 95% CI: 0.66-2.34, P = 0.50). Inevitable heterogeneity weakened our results. However, our results indicated that testicular sperm and ejaculated sperm yield similar ART outcomes, representing a meaningful result for clinical treatment. More properly designed studies are needed to further confirm our conclusions.

2.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 327-330, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689756

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To investigate the association of circumcision with the incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in men.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We collected the samples from the surface of the coronal sulcus, glans penis, penile shaft and scrotum of 351 males examined for HPV infection in our hospital from January 2016 to August 2017, of whom 118 had received circumcision while the other 233 had not. We compared the incidence rate of HPV infection between the circumcision and non-circumcision groups and analyzed the association of the age of circumcision with the incidence of HPV infection.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HPV infection was found in 135 (38.46%) of the males, 29 (24.58%) in the circumcision group and 106 (45.49%) in the non-circumcision group, significantly lower in the former than in the latter (χ² = 14.48, P < 0.01). The incidence rate of HPV infection was also remarkably lower in the males circumcised at ≤17 years (13.16% [5/38]) than in those circumcised at >17 years of age (30.0% [24/80]) (χ² = 3.942, P = 0.047).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Male circumcision helps reduce the incidence rate of HPV infection in men and earlier surgery may achieve even better effect.</p>


Subject(s)
Circumcision, Male , Humans , Incidence , Male , Papillomaviridae , Papillomavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Penis , Virology , Scrotum , Virology
3.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 520-524, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689698

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To study the clinical application value of the penile erectile strength measurement (PESM) band in the differentiation of psychogenic from organic erectile dysfunction (ED).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty ED patients unable to achieve or maintain adequate penile erection to complete sexual intercourse were included in the experimental group and another 40 healthy subjects with normal erectile function enrolled as controls. The ED cases were classified into mild, moderate and severe ED according to the IIEF-5 scores and divided into psychogenic and organic ED based on the results of the nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT) test. Then all the subjects underwent a three-night continuous monitoring with the PESM band and, according to the band fracture rate, the ED cases were also classified into psychogenic and organic ED. The rates of missed diagnosis, misdiagnosis and diagnostic coincidence of PESM were calculated with the results of NPT as the standard for differentiating psychogenic from organic ED.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The results of NPT tests revealed 51 cases of psychogenic and 29 cases of organic ED in the experimental group. The band fracture rate in PESM was 95.0% in the mild, 80.9% in the moderate and 52.8% in the severe ED patients. Of the 51 cases of psychogenic ED detected by NPT test, 43 were diagnosed as psychogenic and the other 8 as organic ED with the PESM band, with a coincidence rate of 84.3%. Of the 29 cases of organic ED revealed by NPT test, 5 were diagnosed as psychogenic and the other 24 as organic ED by PESM, with a coincidence rate of 82.8%. Normal erectile function with three-level fracture of the band was observed in the PESM of the normal controls, which showed a coincidence rate of 100% with the results of NPT tests. Based on the standard of the NPT test, the rates of missed diagnosis, misdiagnosis and diagnostic coincidence of the PESM band in differentiating psychogenic from organic ED were 15.7%, 17.2%, and 83.8%, respectively, with a Kappa value of 0.656 (P <0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The penile erectile strength measurement band can be used as a screening tool for initial differentiation of psychogenic from organic ED.</p>


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Coitus , Diagnostic Errors , Erectile Dysfunction , Classification , Diagnosis , Psychology , Humans , Male , Penile Erection , Physiology
4.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 808-812, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812874

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the values of serum calculated free testosterone (cFT), testosterone secretion index (TSI), and free testosterone index (FTI) in the diagnosis of ED with androgen deficiency by observing their changes in the patient.@*METHODS@#We conducted this study among 185 men complaining of ED and 35 20-40 years old healthy males presenting at the clinic for premarital medical checkup. We asked them about their medical history, to fill in the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) Questionnaire, and to complete the nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT) test. According to the data obtained, 150 of the complainants were diagnosed as ED patients and 25 of the healthy examinees were included in the control group. We determined the levels of total serum testosterone (TT), luteinizing hormone (LH), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), serum albumin (ALB), cFT, bio-available testosterone (bio-T), TSI, and FTI in the two groups of subjects. Using cFT ≤0.3 nmol/L, TSI ≤2.8, and FTI ≤0.4 as the critical values and TT ≤11.5 nmol/L as the gold standard for androgen deficiency, we calculated cFT-, TSI-, and FTI-related rates of missed diagnosis, misdiagnosis, and diagnostic coincidence.@*RESULTS@#With TT ≤11.5 nmol/L as the criterion, the cFT-, TSI-, and FTI-related rates of coincidence in the diagnosis of androgen deficiency in the ED patients were 90.8%, 85.8%, and 80.8%, those of missed diagnosis were 4.0%, 33.3%, and 44.0%, and those of misdiagnosis were 10.5%, 19.4%, and 12.6%, with the Kappa of values 0.755, 0.564, and 0.427, respectively (P <0.05). The levels of serum TT, cFT, Bio-T, TSI, and FTI were decreased with increased age of the 20-40 years old ED patients, with statistically significant differences among different age groups except the serum TT level. However, no statistically significant differences were found in the levels of TT, cFT, Bio-T, TSI, and FTI among the patients with different IIEF-5 scores.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The level of cFT has a higher value than those of TT, TSI, and TSI in the diagnosis of ED with androgen deficiency in 20-40 years old men.


Subject(s)
Adult , Androgens , Case-Control Studies , Erectile Dysfunction , Blood , Diagnosis , Humans , Luteinizing Hormone , Blood , Male , Serum Albumin , Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin , Testosterone , Blood , Young Adult
5.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 598-603, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276052

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To translate the English version of The Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (PEDT) into Chinese, evaluate its reliability and validity, and analyze its feasibility in the diagnosis of premature ejaculation (PE).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Following the forward-backward translation procedure, we developed the Chinese version of PEDT, which was then revised by andrologists and bilingual linguists. We enrolled subjects with or without PE from 15 urological or andrological clinics in China and obtained the information about their demographic characteristics, PEDT scores, and intra-vaginal ejaculation latency time (IELT). We evaluated the internal consistency of PEDT using Cronbach alpha, was examined its reliability and stability by test-retest analysis, analyzed its correlation with IELT by Spearman correlation analysis, and tested its sensitivity and specificity by receiver operating characteristic ( ROC) analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Totally, 570 PE patients (aged [30.66 ± 7.11] years) and 226 non-PE men (aged [33.01 ± 5.41] years) were recruited, with the mean IELT of (1.34 ± 0.54) min in the former and (11.09 ± 7.5) min in the latter group. The Cronbach's alpha of the Chinese version of PEDT was 0.79, and the test-retest correlation coefficient was 0.75 (P < 0.01). The PEDT score was negatively correlated with IELT (Spearman's p = -0.52, P < 0.01). When the cutoff value of PE diagnosis was defined as 7.5, the sensitivity and specificity of PEDT were 0.80 and 0.78, and when as 8.5, they were 0.72 and 0.89, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The Chinese version of PEDT was demonstrated to have good internal consistency, reliability, and validity, as well as a high predictability for PE. It can be used as a reliable and convenient tool to screen PE among Chinese men.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Asians , China , Ejaculation , Feasibility Studies , Humans , Language , Male , Middle Aged , Premature Ejaculation , Diagnosis , ROC Curve , Reaction Time , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Translations
6.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1139-1142, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239019

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the efficacy of Qilin Pills in the treatment of oligoasthenospermia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We conducted a multi-centered open controlled clinical trial by including 220 oligoasthenospermia patients in a trial group and another 110 as controls. The patients in the trial group were treated with Qilin Pills at the dose of 6 g tid, and the controls given Wuziyanzong Pills at 6 g bid, both for a course of 12 weeks. Then we evaluated the clinical effects of Qilin Pills with sperm concentration, the numbers of grade a and grade a + b sperm, and sperm motility as the primary, and the pregnancy rate of the patients'spouses as the secondary therapeutic indexes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 310 patients accomplished the clinical trial, 208 in the trial and 102 in the control group. Compared with the baseline, significant improvement was observed in the semen parameters after 4, 8 and 12 weeks of treatment in both the trial and control groups except sperm density and the number of grade a sperm in the control after 4 weeks (P < 0.01), and the improvement was even more significant in all the semen parameters at the same time points in the trial than in the control group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Qilin Pills can evidently improve the seminal quality of oligoasthenospermia patients with no obvious adverse events.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Male , Oligospermia , Drug Therapy , Phytotherapy , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate , Sperm Count , Spermatozoa , Young Adult
7.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 75-77, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300862

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To evaluate the effect of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) on bone mineral density (BMD) in prostate cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-nine prostate cancer patients with their BMD determined were divided into two groups: the non-treated group included 21 patients before the commencement of ADT and the treated group, 28 patients, who had received ADT for more than 1 year. BMD was measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in the lumbar spine (L2-4) and femoral neck.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thirteen (62 %) non-treated and 23 (82 %) treated patients fulfilled the BMD criteria for osteopenia or osteoporosis. Z scores for age-matched control in lumbar spine and femoral neck were -0.9 +/- 0.7 and -0.6 +/- 0.5, respectively, in the treated group, and -1.8 +/- 1.1 and -1.6 +/- 1.0, respectively, in the non-treated group, the differences between the two groups were highly significant (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Prostate cancer patients who received ADT for more than 1 year had a significantly lower BMD in the lumbar spine and femoral neck than those before the beginning of ADT.</p>


Subject(s)
Absorptiometry, Photon , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Androgens , Bone Density , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Diagnosis , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Male , Orchiectomy , Osteoporosis , Diagnosis , Prostatic Neoplasms , Therapeutics
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