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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2672-2676, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829606

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide th e ideas a nd for individualized anti-infective treatment of infection after surgery for infants and young children with intussusception and enterobrosis ,and to provide reference for clinical pharmacists participating in the clinical treatment. METHODS :Clinical pharmacists optimized the anti-infection program for an 11-month-old infant patient infected after surgery with intussusception and enterobrosis in Ordos Central Hospital ;they put forward medication suggestions in respects of the selection of initial anti-infection treatment program ,drug replacement ,the selection of anti-infection treatment program after blood culture showed Enterococcus coli and Enterococcus faecium ,and dosage adjustment. RESULTS :According to the judgment of the common pathogens and the hospital or community infections in the infant patient with intussusception and enterobrosis,cefoperazone sulbactam 1.0 g,q12 h was adjusted to cefoperazone sulbactam 0.5 g,q8 h combined with Metronidazole chloride sodium injection 20 mL,q8 h;when the blood culture showed E. coli (ESBL-)and E. faecium ,it was recommended to add vancomycin 0.15 g,q12 h. After poor treatment ,it was recommended to adjust the vancomycin dose to 0.2 g,q8 h. All the above suggestions were adopted by doctors. And the child ’s body temperature dropped after treatment ,the blood culture turned negative and laboratory indicators returned to normal. The child was discharged smoothly. CONCLUSIONS :Infants and young children are special groups. Therefore ,before using antibiotics ,clinical pharmacists should evaluate the age ,body weight ,liver and kidney functions of infants and young children. They should also help doctors select and adjust drugs ,frequency and dosage on the basis of pharmacokinetic characteristics and safety ,so as to avoid adverse drug reactions while ensure curative effect.

2.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 614-617, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691839

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects and possible mechanisms of different modes of mild treadmill exercise on cognitive function in Alzheimer's disease(AD) APP transgenic mice.Methods Twenty-four 6-month-old APP+ mice were randomly and equally divided into the four groups:control group(Con),regular exercise group(RE),irregular time-of-day exercise group (ITE) and irregular different duration exercise group(IDDE).After treadmill exercise,the spatial cognitive ability was tested.Soluble and insoluble Aβ40,42 levels,activity of β-secretase and γ-secretase in hippocampal tissue were compared among 4 groups.The mRNA levels of NEP,IDE and MMP-9 in the hippocampal tissue were detected.The number of hippocampal survival neurons and protein levels of BDNF,TrkB and p-TrkB were detected.Results Compared with the control group,the spatial cognitive ability in the RE group was significantly increased(P<0.05),the levels of soluble and insoluble Aβ40,42 and activity of β-secretase and γ-secreatase were significantly reduced in the hippocampal tissue of th RE group(P< 0.05).However,the mRNA levels of NEP,IDE and MMP-9 had no statistically significant difference among the four groups(P>0.05).Compared with the control group,the number of survival neurons and protein levels of BDNF and p-TrkB in the hippocampal of the RE group tissue were significantly increased(P<0.05).The cognitive function,levels of Aβ40,42,BDNF and p-TrkB,number of survival neurons in the RE group had statistically significant differences when compared with the ITE and IDDE groups(P<0.05).Conclusion Mild and regular treadmill exercise can effectively increase the cognitive function of AD mice,which might be related with the regulation of BDNF/TrkB pathway.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445379

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aims to determine the efficacy of chemotherapy and to identify potential chemotherapy agents for advanced primary duodenal carcinoma (PDC). Methods:Fifty-six patients with advanced PDC, who did and did not receive chemo-therapy, were involved in this study. Response rates (RR), disease control rates (DCR), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall sur-vival (OS) were analyzed. Results:The overall RR and DCR of 43 patients were 19.04%and 71.42%, respectively. The patients who re-ceived chemotherapy agents fluorourzcil and oxaliplatin exhibited higher RR compared with patients who received other chemotherapy combinations (35.29%vs. 7.69%, P=0.010 9). Palliative chemotherapy improved the OS of patients with advanced PDC compared with patients who did not receive chemotherapy (13.35 months vs. 5.65 months, HR=0.203, 95%CI:0.083 to 0.497, P=0.000 5). Compared with the use of other chemotherapy regimens, treatment with a fluorourzcil-based chemotherapy agent resulted in a longer PFS (5.08 months vs. 1.08 months, HR=0.004, 95%CI:0.000 to 0.315, P=0.013 2). Multivariate analysis indicated mucinous histology and lymph mode metastasis as factors predictive of poor prognosis in patients with advanced PDC. Conclusion:Palliative chemotherapy may im-prove the OS of patients with advanced PDC.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440786

ABSTRACT

Objective:This retrospective study aims to determine the efficacy of chemotherapy and improve a salvage chemother-apy agent for metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC) after failure of treatment with irinotecan and oxaliplatin. Methods:Between Janu-ary 2002 and March 2013, 37 patients with metastatic MCRC who had progressed after treatment with irinotecan and oxaliplatin were analyzed for their response rate (RR) and progression-free survival (PFS). Results:The overall RR of the 37 patients was 13.51%, with 5 cases of partial response (PR), 12 cases of disease stabilization (SD), and 20 cases of progression (PD). Compared with other chemo-therapy regimens, treatment with a pemetrexed-based chemotherapy agent had a higher RR (17.64%vs. 10.00%, P=0.64) without a lon-ger PFS (2.00 months vs. 1.63 months, HR=0.79, 95%, CI:0.35 to 1.78, P=0.58). Compared with other chemotherapy regimens, treat-ment with a raltirexed-based chemotherapy agent had a higher RR (16.67%vs. 12.00%, P=0.34) without a longer PFS (1.58 months vs. 1.90 months, HR=2.24, 95%, CI:0.98 to 5.12, P=0.06).Conclusion:In patients with MCRC after failure of treatment with irinotecan and oxaliplatin, a pemetrexed-based or raltirexed-based chemotherapy agent may beneficial during salvage treatment and is therefore worthy of further study.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-595598

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To analyze the clinical therapeutic effect of a disposable vaginal adsorber for Weiyinkang and lacidophilin vaginal capsules(Yanhua) on bacterial vaginosis.METHODS A total of 140 patients were divided randomly and averagely into the group A and the group B.The two groups were treated respectively by metronidazole or Weiyinkang combined with lacidophilin vaginal capsules.RESULTS The effective rate of the groups B and A was 92.8% and 80.0%,respectively,with significant difference(?2 =4.93,P

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-526364

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To search a more effective treatment for hepatic functional lesion in primary hepatocellular car?cinoma.METHODS:60patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma were randomly divided into2groups,treatment group received treatment with polarized solution of Ka and Mg combined with compound glycyrrhizin glycyrrhizinate,while control group underwent treatment with polarized solution of Ka and Mg in combination with decomposed glutathione,both of the treatment courses were2wk~4wk.RESULTS:The decrease in levels of ALT and AST was significantly greater in treatment group,as compared with control group(P

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-534938

ABSTRACT

Influence of Sodium Bicarbonate (SB) in several doses on some pharmacokinetic parameters and the anti-inflammatory action of Aspirin (ASP) in a large dose was studied in rats of experimental inflammatory model. It was showed that SB significantly reduced the Tp, T_(1/2), AUC and increased the Ke, Cmax of plasma salicylic acid (SA). The anti-inflammatory effect of ASP was diminished as well. All of the changes, were enhanced as the doses of SB increased. The results in this paper suggested that combining ASP with SB in antirheumatic therapy might be an unreasonable regime.

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