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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989853

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the practice and experience of medical service support for Shenzhou manned spaceflight mission, and to explore the accurate medical service support strategy with new regions and new types.Methods:A systematic summary was made from the force command, action framework, technical support, and the practice and experience in the application of medical support force for Shenzhou manned flight mission were sorted out.. Furthermore, the key and difficult problems of the new domains with new types of military medical service support were analyzed, and the scheme and significance of establishing the accurate support mode of the new medical service support force were proposed.Results:The Shenzhou emergency rescue mission was an elite combat supported by a large platform. It was an important basis to realize accurate medical service support by the experience of utilizing the medical force of Shenzhou emergency rescue and the strengthening of war-building mode optimization.Conclusions:This paper systematically summarizes the experience and characteristics of medical force application in Shenzhou manned spaceflight missions, and provides new ideas and methods for future diversified and accurate s medical service support with new regions and new types.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989852

ABSTRACT

Objective:To review the characteristics and coping strategies of the rescue and landing medical support mission of Shenzhou-14 manned spacecraft.Methods:The characteristics of rescue and landing medical support mission of Shenzhou-14 manned spacecraft was analyzed, and the coping strategies and experience were discussed.Results:(1) The characteristics of rescue and landing medical support mission of Shenzhou-14 manned spacecraft included: long time in space station and high-intensity space missions; high-density space medical support mission in short term; special environmental factors in severe cold night; complex terrain of landing site; and the young medical support team. (2) The main coping strategies of rescue and landing medical support mission of Shenzhou-14 manned spacecraft included: strengthened the organization and leadership and improved the training model; reinforcement learning the medical treatment plan and strengthened the medical rescue skills training; optimized the carrying equipment and added the heat preservation and lighting measures; improved the medical rescue process and perfected the emergency plan; emphasized on the scientific research as important as mission; and strengthened the physical exercise and cold resistance exercise.Conclusions:The characteristics and coping strategies of rescue and landing medical support mission of Shenzhou-14 manned spacecraft are summarized to provide the experience for space medical rescue and offer the support for China's manned space industry.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989833

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the application of scenario simulation teaching combined with modular training in nursing education of medical rescue in manned space flight.Methods:Twenty nurses from the medical rescue team of Strategic Support Force Characteristic Medical Center were selected as the research objects. The research objects were randomly divided into the scenario simulation combined with practical training group (practical training group, n=10) and traditional teaching group (control group, n=10). Scenario simulation teaching combined with modular training and traditional teaching were used to carry out nursing training. After the training, theoretical assessment, operation assessment and satisfaction survey were organized. Results:The scenario simulation teaching combined with modular training group was significantly better than the traditional training group in theory assessment, operation assessment and satisfaction survey of nursing staff (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Scenario simulation teaching combined with modular training has obvious teaching effect, which can improve the ability and quality of nursing staff, and help to complete the manned space medical rescue mission efficiently.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989832

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the module of the construction and application of medical first-aid at the door of the space capsule and the air evacuation.Methods:According to the purpose, principle, and method set by the module, it was divided into two sub-modules: medical first-aid at the door of the space capsule and the air evacuation. During the comprehensive first-aid training, independent training and combined training were carried out respectively according to different mission stages of launch and recovery and different recovery terrain. Meanwhile, research was performed to ensure that medical carrying equipment was lightweight, modular, and portable, and the efficiency of modularization construction was tested in the comprehensive training.Results:The module of medical first-aid at the door of the space capsule and the air evacuation obviously shortened the rescuing time during the comprehensive training, the saving effect was remarkable, and the overall saving efficiency was significantly improved.Conclusions:The module of medical first-aid at the door of the space capsule and the air evacuation meet the requirements that the emergency support system of aerospace medicine should function on an immediate basis, ensuring accurate treatment and air evacuation without any delay, so that to achieve the aim of aerospace medicare.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823107

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical effect of Yaotongning capsule combined with etoricoxib for the pain and inflammation of lumbar vertebrae in elderly patients with lumbar osteoarthritis. Methods 120 elderly patients with lumbar osteoarthritis admitted to our hospital from January 2016 to June 2018 were randomly divided into the control group and the observation group, with 60 patients in each group. Patients in the control group were treated with etoricoxib, while patients in the observation group were treated with etoricoxib plus Yaotongning capsule orally. Both groups received medications for 2 weeks. Spinal pain and quality of life score changes were recorded. The inflammatory cytokines in serum TNF-α, GM-CSF, COX-2 and BMP-2 levels were monitored. The clinical efficacy was compared and drug safety profile was evaluated for two groups. Results The effective rates of the control group and the observation group were 78.33% and 91.67% respectively. The effective rate in the observation group weas significantly higher (P<0.05). After treatment, the VAS score for the patients in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). The SF-36 score in the observation group was significantly increased (P<0.05), and the levels of TNF-α,GM-CSF and COX-2 in the serum were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05), and the levels of BMP-2 were significantly increased (P<0.05). Conclusion Yaotongning capsule combined with etoricoxib in the treatment of senile lumbar osteoarthritis has definite curative effect. It significantly reduced lumbar pain, improved quality of life, inhibited inflammatory reaction, and had a better drug safety profile. The further clinical investigation for the combination therapy is warranted.

6.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 415-419, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613824

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlation between neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio(NLR),platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio(PLR) in peripheral blood and the therapeutic effect and prognosis of patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma treated with tyrosine-kinase inhibitors.Methods Retrospective analysis was utilized to measure the clinical pathological characteristics and follow-up data of 40 cases with advanced lung adenocarcinoma definitely diagnosed by pathology.Correlation analysis was performed by Spearman test,and comparison of the sample rate was measured by the chi square test.Survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method,Log-rank test was used to compare patients survival difference among different groups.COX regression model was utilized to analyze the prognostic factors of patients with lung cancer.Results Through the ROC curve,the optimal cut-off points of NLR and PLR were calculated to be 3.74 and 205.1 respectively.In NLR<3.74 group,objective response rate(ORR),the median progression-free survival(PFS) and the median overall survival(OS) were 86.9%(20/23),9.02 months and 12.37 months respectively.In NLR ≥3.74 group,ORR,the median PFS and the median OS was ORR were 35.2%(6/17),3.15 months and 5.12 months respectively.Compared with NLR ≥ 3.74 group,NLR<3.74 group had a higher ORR(P=0.036),PFS(P=0.011) and OS(P=0.021),the difference was statistically significant.In PLR<205.1 group,ORR,the median PFS and the median OS was ORR were 85.7%(18/21),9.67 months and 14.35 months respectively.In PLR ≥ 205.1 group,ORR,the median PFS and the median OS was ORR were 42.1%(8/19),3.21 months and 9.25 months respectively.Compared with group PLR ≥ 205.1,PLR<205.1 group had a higher ORR(P=0.045) and PFS(P=0.018),the difference was statistically significant.COX multivariate analysis showed that NLR was an independent prognostic factor for PFS(RR=1.091,95%CI:1.004-1.185,P=0.039) and OS(RR=0.986,95%CI:0.932-1.148,P=0.021).PLR was an independent prognostic indicator of PFS(RR=1.100,95%CI:0.996-1.005,P=0.024).Conclusion NLR and PLR may be independent prognostic factors in patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494433

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prevalence of syphilis infection and influence factors of syphilis infection among the male STD attendants in Songyuan City of Jilin Province, and to provide theoretical basis for the development and implementation of syphilis intervention policy.Methods:A questionnaire survey and serological tests were conducted among the men who went to STD clinic for treatment in the ZhanDong Dermatology Specialist Hospital or Qianguo County Hospital in Songyuan City from 2011 to 2015.Chi-square test was performed to compare the prevalences of syphilis infection between different groups.Multivariable Logistic regression model was used to find the independent factors of syphilis infection among the male STD attendants.Results:Of all 2 000 male STD attendants who involved in the study,the mean age was (34.50±9.03)years old.218 persons (10.90%)of them had sexual behavior with female sex workers in the last three months,433 persons (21.65%)of them had temporary sexual behavior in the last three months,42 persons (2.10%)of them had homosexual behavior in the last three months.Of the respondents,238 persons (11.90%)had a previous diagnosis of sexually transmitted diseases,86 persons of them had gonorrhea (36.13%),43 persons had syphilis (18.07%),15 persons had genital tract Chlamydia (6.30%),55 persons had genital herpes (23.11%),40 persons had genital herpes (16.81%),and 1 person had combined infection of gonorrhea and syphilis. The prevalence of syphilis of 2 000 male STD attendants was 6.4%.From 2011 to 2015,there was a decrease in the prevalences of syphilis (χ2 =44.25,P <0.001).In the last 3 months, the risk of the male STD attendants who had commercial sex with prostitute,temporary sex behavior,homosexual behavior and a history of STD infection to be infected with syphilis in the past were 3.75 times (OR= 3.75,95% CI:2.46 - 5.71),2.31 times (OR = 2.31,95% CI: 1.56 - 3.41),2.97 times (OR=2.97,95%CI:1.33-6.64)and 1.69 times (OR=1.69,95%CI:1.07-2.67)than those who did not have those behaviors,respectively. Conclusion:There is a significantly decreasing tendency in the prevalence of syphilis among the male STD attendants in Songyuan City in the past 5 years.The high risk sexual behaviors are the main influence factors of syphilis infection among them.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2506-2508,2509, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605127

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To compare economy among sodium valproate (VPA),topiramate (TPM) and dipheninum (DPH) in the treatment of epilepsy (EP). METHODS:Retrieved from ProQuest,PubMed,Springer,CJFD,VIP,Wanfang database,re-searches about economy among VPA,TPM and DPH in the treatment of EP were collected. TreeAge Pro 2011.1.0.12.1 software was used to establish Markov model,and cost-effectiveness ratios (CER) of them were calculated to evaluate their economy. RE-SULTS:CER of DPH,VPA,TPM were 29.99,2 664.52 and 6 657.25,in ascending order of DPH

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-675366

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of anti depression therapy on post stroke and neurological rehabilitation in the elderly. Methods There were 178 post stroke depression (PSD) cases. They were divided into 3 groups: 64 cases taking Prozac once every morning about 20 80 mg daily; 58 cases taking amitriptyline twice everyday about 50 100 mg daily and 56 cases taking placebo as control group. All of them were on the regular treatment of cerebrovascular disease. All the cases were evaluated according to the HAMD score, neurological function impairment and ADL before treatment and 1 st , 2 nd , 4 th , 8 th week and 3 rd , 6 th , 12 th month after the treatment. Results At the 2 nd week, HAMD score dropped obviously from 27 7?6 9 to 17 3?5 9 in Prozac group, from 26 9? 6 9 to 15 7?4 2 in amitriptyline group, with significant difference vs pre treatment and the control groups ( P

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