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Medical Education ; : 1-7, 2014.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-378096


Objective: To evaluate gender differences in mentee’s preference for mentoring styles and topics in academic medicine in Japan.<br>Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional questionnaire survey of mentees at 6 graduate schools of medicine in Japan from December 2011 through January 2012. The study participants were 1700 Japanese-speaking graduate students and postdoctoral fellows. The primary outcome was the percentage of respondents who desired to be mentored with a particular style or topic.<br>Results: A total of 676 (227 women) mentees responded to the survey. Women were less likely than men to prefer a hierarchical mentoring relationship (men, 82%; women, 71%; p=0.001) but were more likely to desire a mentor for career consultation (men, 51%; women, 64%; p=0.001). Women were more likely than men to want guidance in developing a research portfolio (men, 85%; women, 90%; p=0.04), in computer skills/statistical skills (men, 68%; women, 81%; p=0.001), and in long-term career planning (men, 38%; women, 50%; p=0.003).<br>Conclusion: Women mentees in Japan express different preferences for mentoring styles and topics from men. Mentors in Japan must take these differences into consideration.

General Medicine ; : 71-79, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374913


<b>BACKGROUND</b> : This survey examined how a physician's specialty may influence attitudes towards blood glucose control in diabetic patients.<br><b>METHODS</b> : A questionnaire was mailed to all members of the Ishikawa Medical Association (n=1,610) as well as diabetic specialists (n=36) querying their specialties, confidence in offering diabetic treatment, and treatment goals/change levels of plasma glucose levels for 5 theoretical cases.<br><b>RESULTS</b> : 301 physicians responded. The percentage answering treatment goal/change levels was 93% of internal medicine physicians (n=145), 72% of surgeons (n=29), 52% of pediatricians (n=23) and 20% in other specialties (n=99). The percentage answering “I am confident in offering diabetic treatment” was 57% of internal medicine physicians, 14% of surgeons, 13% of pediatricians and 3% in other specialties. There were significant differences among specialties in the fasting plasma glucose levels in the treatment goal, and the postprandial plasma glucose change levels. Internal medicine specialists tended to give higher glucose levels than other specialties.<br><b>CONCLUSIONS</b> : The majority of physicians interested in diabetes care appear to be internal medicine specialists. Physician's specialty may influence their attitude toward glucose control in diabetic patients.