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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912349

ABSTRACT

Total thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysmrepair is one of the most complex operations in cardiac surgery. Patients may have spinal cord injury, disturbance of consciousness, hypoxemia, arrhythmia, acute renal injury, abdominal organ ischemia and so on after operation. Postoperative complications may occur in patients with neurological, respiratory, circulatory, digestive, urinary and coagulation systems. This paper summarizes the experience of prevention and treatment of postoperative complications based on the medical literature at home and abroad and the experience of diagnosis and therapeutic schedule in our hospital, in order to improve the prognosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912298

ABSTRACT

Objective:Analysis the protective effect of the partial femoral to femoral cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB) on thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair(TAAAR).Methods:From September 2016 to August 2020, 50 cases of TAAAR under partial CPB were performed at our hospital. Thirty males and 20 females with an average age of(40.5±12.4) years old(ranging 21 to 69 years old) were involved. Partial CPB without selective organ perfusion were applied at the early stage. Since November 2019, the adjunct of perfuse the celiac and superior mesenteric artery with warm blood and irrigate the renal artery with 4℃ HTK solution was used in TAAAR, and 25 patients were operated under this adjunct.Results:The average CPB time was(116.9±35.4) min, the lowest central body temperature during the partial CPB was(34.7±0.7)℃. Total early postoperative mortality was 6%(3/50, 3 deaths in partial CPB alone group). Paraplegia occurred in 4 cases(8%), new happened postoperative hemodialysis was in 6 cases(16%). Among the hemodialysis event, 2 cases(8%, 2/25) were in the group with selective organ perfusion, and 4 cases(16%, 4/25) in the group without using the adjunct.Conclusion:Mild hypothermic partial cardiopulmonary bypass combined with selective organ perfusion have protective effects on spinal cord and abdominal organ in patients underwent TAAAR.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912282

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether renal artery involvement is an independent risk factor of acute renal injury (AKI) KDIGO stage 3 after moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest in patients with acute Stanford type A aortic dissection.Methods:From December 2015 to October 2017, 492 consecutive patients with acute Stanford A-type aortic dissection received surgical treatment, 486 of them were included in the study. All patients underwent aortic CTA to determine the extent of aortic dissection and renal artery involvement. According to the standard of Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO), the renal function of patients after operation was graded. The risk factors of AKI KDIGO stage 3 were analyzed.Renal artery involvement and other risk factors were included in univariate analysis, and significant variables in univariate analysis were included in multivariate logistic regression analysis.Results:In 492 patients, 40 (8.13%) died in hospital, of which 6 died of severe bleeding during operation or failed to wean from cardiopulmonary bypass which lead to unable to leave the Weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass and these 6 patients were excluded in the research. Among 486 patients included in the study, 251 (51.64%) had AKI. Among them, 83 (17.08%) were in the KDIGO stage 1, 56 (11.52%) in stage 2 and 112 (23.05%) in stage 3.The results of univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in renal artery involvement, age, time from onset to operation, D-dimer, leukocytes and platelets in peripheral blood, creatinine clearance rate, time of cardiopulmonary bypass during operation and aortic cross-clamping time( P>0.05). The above risk factors were included in multivariate logistic regression. The results showed that preoperative renal artery involvement ( OR=1.94, P=0.02), age ( OR=1.03, P=0.02), creatinine clearance rate<85 ml/min ( OR=2.28, P=0.001), and intraoperative cardiopulmonary bypass time ( OR=1.01, P=0.02) were independent risk factors. The incidence of AKI in patients with renal artery involvement was 54.65%, significantly higher than 41.98% in patients without renal artery involvement ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Renal artery involvement is an independent risk factor of AKI KDIGO stage 3 after moderate deep hypothermic circulatory arrest of acute Stanford type A aortic dissection.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885825

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors of massive bleeding in patients with acute Stanford type A aortic dissection undergoing moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest repair.Methods:From January 2016 to October 2017, 486 consecutive patients with acute type A aortic dissection were included in the study. All operations were performed with moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest. The basic clinical data of patients were collected retrospectively. Massive bleeding was defined according to definition of Universal Definition of Perioperative Bleeding(UDPB) 4 class and the Blood Conservation Using Antifibrinolytics in a Randomized Trial(BART). Significant variables in univariate analysis were included in multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results:Thirty-four patients(7.00%) died in hospital. A total of one hundred and eighty-seven patients(38.48%) fulfilled criteria of the definition of BART massive bleeding. Forty-five patients(9.26%), 8 patients(1.65%), 114 patients(23.46%), 147 patients(30.25%) and 172 patients(35.39%) were in grade 0, grade 1, grade 2 and grade 4, respectively. With BART as the end point, the result of multivariate logistic regression showed that female gender( OR=3.32, P<0.001), anemia( OR=2.24, P=0.04), clearance creatine≤85 ml/min( OR=1.93, P=0.01), D-dimer level(every 500 ng/ml increase, OR=1.02, P=0.003), cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB) time( OR=1.01, P<0.001), total arch replacement(TAR, OR=2.40, P=0.02) were independent risk factors for massive bleeding, and the time from onset to operation( OR=0.86, P=0.01) was protective factor. With UDPB 4 class as the end point, multivariate logistic regression showed that creatinine clearance≤85 ml/min( OR=2.05, P=0.001), CPB time( OR=1.01, P=0.04) were independent risk factors for massive bleeding. The time from anset to operation( OR=0.85, P=0.002) and Bentall procedure( OR=0.65, P=0.04) were the protective factors. Conclusion:Massive bleeding was more common in acute Stanford type A aortic dissection. Female gender, poor preoperative renal function, high D-dimer level, early time accepting surgical operation and long CPB were independent risk factors. For high-risk patients, simple and effective surgical methods should be taken to reduce the risk of bleeding.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885609

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the motor capacity of patients early after cardiac surgery using a cardiopulmonary exercise test.Methods:Patients who had performed a cardiopulmonary exercise test within 3 months after cardiac surgery were included in this retrospective study. Patients who took the test within 30 days of the operation formed a discharge group ( n=20), those within 30 to 60 days and 60 to 90 days formed the one month and two month groups ( n=10 for both). The discharge group was further divided into an aortic surgery group ( n=9), a bypass surgery group ( n=6) and a valve surgery group ( n=5) according to their procedure. The exercise capacity of each person was measured in terms of the changes in heart rate and systolic pressure from the resting to the anaerobic threshold stage. Anaerobic threshold, peak oxygen uptake and carbon dioxide ventilation equivalent were also recorded. Results:All of the patients completed the cardiopulmonary exercise test above the anaerobic threshold, and no adverse events such as exercise accidents occurred. At the anaerobic threshold the average heart rate of the discharge group was (8.8±7.1)bpm, significantly lower than the averages of the one month and two months groups: (17.0±5.9) and (18.3±10.5)bpm respectively. The average anaerobic thresholds and peak oxygen uptakes of the 1 month and 2 months groups were not significantly different, but they were all significantly higher than the discharge group′s averages. There were, however, no significant differences among the groups in the average changes in their systolic pressure and carbon dioxide ventilation equivalent. Moreover, the average anaerobic threshold and peak oxygen uptake of the aortic surgery group and the bypass surgery group were significantly lower than the valve surgery group′s averages.Conclusions:Postoperative motor ability after cardiac surgery improves significantly for at least 30 days. Patients who have received aortic or bypass surgery have significantly lower exercise capacity than those after valve surgery.

6.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 212-216, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867516

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression and significance of T helper cell 17 (Th17), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and coagulation function in patients with infectious endocarditis(IE).Methods:From December 2016 to December 2018, IE patients in Beijing Anzhen Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University who met the inclusion criteria were selected for cardiac surgery to analyze prospectively, 38 IE patients were selected as the observation group, and 30 healthy people were selected as the control group.The concentrations of serum Th17 related factors (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-17 and IL-21), sICAM-1 and coagulation index(P selectin(sP-SLT)) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) and the difference between the two groups were statistically analyzed.Results:The concentrations of serum IL-1β, IL-6, IL-17 and IL-21((29.88±6.49), (14.89±3.31), (21.89±3.01), (563.26±67.36) ng/L) in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group((16.56±4.11), (7.52±2.34), (12.91±1.01), (423.38±56.49) ng/L)(all P<0.05). The level of serum sICAM-1 and sP-SLT ((1 247.57(581.39, 1 794.66) μg/L, (60.29±6.61) mg/L)in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group((837.28(405.68, 954.47) μg/L, (27.37±5.56) mg/L), and the difference was statistically significant( Z=12.37, t=22.30, all P<0.05). The level of serum IL-1β, IL-6, IL-17 and IL-21 in patients with postoperative infective endocarditis((16.19±4.07), (7.73±2.40), (13.83±0.94), (425.33±52.12) ng/L) were significantly lower than those before operation((29.88±6.49), (14.89±2.31), (21.89±3.01), (563.26±67.36) ng/L), and the differences were statistically significant(t values were 11.02, 13.25, 15.76, 9.98, all P<0.05). The levels of sICAM-1 and sP-SLT1 in patients with postoperative infective endocarditis((901.46(472.15, 1276.58) μg/L, (30.70±5.31) mg/L) were significantly lower than those before operation((1 057.26±463.06) μg/L, (60.29±6.61) mg/L)and the differences were statistically significant( Z=11.16, t=21.51, P<0.05). Conclusion:Th17 related factors, sICAM-1 and sP-SLT were highly expressed in IE patients, and the concentrations of these factors decreased after operation, suggesting that the above factors may be used as related factors for the diagnosis and prognosis of IE patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 137-141, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799382

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the outcomes of surgical treatment in patients of type Stanford A aortic dissection with Kommerell′s diverticulum.@*Methods@#From January 2009 to August 2017, patients of type Stanford A aortic dissection with Kommerell′s diverticulum who underwent the Sun procedure were enrolled. Patient demographic, preoperative, intraoperative, early morbidity and mortality data were collected from medical and electronic patient records. Clinical follow-up data, including late morbidity and mortality, were obtained by telephone interview with the patient.@*Results@#A total of 13 patients (11 males and 2 females; mean age 47 years) were included. The mean maximum diameter of Kommerell′s diverticulum was (21.8±7.7) mm. The Kommerell′s diverticulum was repaired by direct suture of the orifice in 3 patients, ligation of the aberrant right subclavian artery in 9 patients, and suture and ligation in 1 patient, respectively. No perioperative death occurred. One patient underwent a reexploration for bleeding. There were 2 late deaths: unknown reason in 1 patient and septic shock secondary to renal abscess in 1 patient. Reintervention was performed in one patient for a persistent type Ⅱ endoleak.@*Conclusions@#The Sun procedure with femoral artery cannulation for cardiopulmonary bypass, unilateral carotid artery cannulation for selective cerebral perfusion and ligation of aberrant right subclavian artery on the right side of the trachea is an appropriate therapeutic strategy for patients of type Stanford A aortic dissection with Kommerell′s diverticulum.

8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 137-141, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799381

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the outcomes of surgical treatment in patients of type Stanford A aortic dissection with Kommerell′s diverticulum.@*Methods@#From January 2009 to August 2017, patients of type Stanford A aortic dissection with Kommerell′s diverticulum who underwent the Sun procedure were enrolled. Patient demographic, preoperative, intraoperative, early morbidity and mortality data were collected from medical and electronic patient records. Clinical follow-up data, including late morbidity and mortality, were obtained by telephone interview with the patient.@*Results@#A total of 13 patients (11 males and 2 females; mean age 47 years) were included. The mean maximum diameter of Kommerell′s diverticulum was (21.8±7.7) mm. The Kommerell′s diverticulum was repaired by direct suture of the orifice in 3 patients, ligation of the aberrant right subclavian artery in 9 patients, and suture and ligation in 1 patient, respectively. No perioperative death occurred. One patient underwent a reexploration for bleeding. There were 2 late deaths: unknown reason in 1 patient and septic shock secondary to renal abscess in 1 patient. Reintervention was performed in one patient for a persistent type Ⅱ endoleak.@*Conclusions@#The Sun procedure with femoral artery cannulation for cardiopulmonary bypass, unilateral carotid artery cannulation for selective cerebral perfusion and ligation of aberrant right subclavian artery on the right side of the trachea is an appropriate therapeutic strategy for patients of type Stanford A aortic dissection with Kommerell′s diverticulum.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829212

ABSTRACT

@#The aortic dissection (AD) carries high mortality which increases by 1%-2% per hour after onset in untreated patients. Fifty percent of patients will die in 48 hours, and 70%-80% patients will die in 2 weeks without treatment. Moreover, acute AD during pregnancy is a rare and much catastrophic disease with high lethality for the mother and fetus simultaneously. At present, AD is so rare that most articles are mainly small cohort studies and case reports. Therefore, we reviewed literatures in order to provide clinical reference for the comprehensive treatment of AD.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871653

ABSTRACT

Objective:Acute type A dissection with mitral regurgitation was very rare. To sum up our experience of surgical treatment of acute type A dissection with mitral regurgitation.Methods:From October 2010 to January 2017, 17 patients with acute type A dissection with mitral regurgitation underwent surgical treatment. There were 12 males, 5 females; mean age, (38±11) years(range, 18-59 years). Hypertension was noted in 9 patients, Marfan syndrome in 2 patients, renal dysfuction in 3 patients, cardiac dysfunction in 3 patients, lower limb ischemia was observed in 2 patients and dilated cardiomyopathy in one patient. Preoperative abdominal aortic replacement was observed in one case.Results:Concomitant procedures included Bentall procedure in 16 patients, aortic arch operation in 15 patients, tricuspid valve plasty in 3 patients, coronary artery bypass grafting in 2 patients and asceding aorta - femoral artery bypass in one patient. 11 patients required mechanical ventilation for <24 hours, 3 cases for <48 hours and 3 subjects for > 48 hours. Continuous renal replacement therapy was required in 3 patients, re-operation in one patient and partial pericardial excision in one patient. One patient was out of follow-up. The remaining had a normal life during follow-up.Conclusion:Repair of acute type A dissection with mitral regurgitation carried with a relatively high mortality and morbidity. Under better protection of heart and cerebrum, it obtained accepted surgical results in patients with this lesion

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871586

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the surgical treatment strategy for aortic injury caused by trauma.Methods:From January 2009 to January 2018, 34 patients with TAI were treated in Beijing Anzhen Hospital. 10 had hypertension. 23 cases were males. There were 31 cases caused by traffic accidents, 2 cases were fall injuries, and 1 case was bruise. 9 cases were thoracic aortic pseudoaneurysm, 6 cases were thoracic aorta, and 19 cases were aortic dissection. 29 patients underwent TEVAR and 5 patients underwent OR (2 patients with type A aortic dissection undergoing Bentall + Sun's procedure, 1 patient with type B aortic dissection and 2 patients with thoracic aortic pseudoaneurysm undergoing stented elephant trunk procedure).Results:The follow-up time was (45.09±23.10) months. The mean age of patients undergoing OR or TEVAR was (44.80±20.57) years old, (45.93±11.01) years old; the mean operation time was(403.20±30.30) minutes, (105.72±27.76) minutes; the mean hospitalization (19.00±6.04), (5.76±3.08) days. There were no deaths in the two groups. 2 patients uundergoing TEVAR had left upper limb numbness.Conclusion:The treatment of patients with TAI should be based on the general condition, the classification of injury, the involving regions and anatomical features to choose different treatments. In addition, the long-term prognosis of patients remains to be determined.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756377

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the risk factors of renal replacement therapy for acute Stanford A aortic dissection patients with acute renal injury (AKI) after Sun's operation.Methods From January 2016 to October 2017,144 patients with Stanford A aortic dissection who underwent Sun's procedure were enrolled in the study.Univariate analysis and logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the risk factors of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT).Variables with statistical difference from univariate analysis were included in multivariate logistic regression analysis.Results 8 patients (5.55%)died in hospital.16 patients (11.11%) needed CRRT for AKI.5 of them (31.25%) died in hospital.Of the 11 surviving patients,5 had complete recovery of renal function within 2 weeks after operation and stopped renal replacement therapy.The remaining 6 patients recovered their renal function within 3 months and stopped renal replacement therapy.Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in preoperative age,creatinine clearance,peripheral white blood cell count,D-dimer,myoglobin,double renal arteries in false lumen,aortic cross clamp time and red blood cell transfusions between the two groups.The above risk factors were included in multivariate logistic regression.The results showed that double renal arteries in false lumen (OR =24.64,P =0.002),serum creatinine clearance < 85 ml/min (OR =4.99,P =0.02) and red blood cell transfusions (OR =1.17,P < 0.001) were independent risk factors.Conclusion Double renal arteries in false lumen,serum creatinine clearance < 85ml/min and red blood cell transfusions were independent risk factors for CRRT after Sun's procedure for acute Stanford A aortic dissection.For high-risk patients with double renal arteries in false lumen,and markedly decreased creatinine clearance before operation,red blood cell transfusions should be reduced as much as possible to reduce the risk of AKI after operation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756369

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and efficiency in aortic root disease .Methods From April 2017 to April 2018,46 cases of aortic root disease accepted DavidⅠ[20 cases, 15 males and 5 females, aged(39.6 ±15.8)years, aortic root diameter was(58.3 ±4.4)mm] or Bentall[26 cases, 22 males and 4 females, aged(50.8 ±12.6)years,aortic root diam-eter was(59.5 ±5.0)mm], the data in the peri-operation and heart function in recent period after operation.Results No mortality was observed in the study.Morbidity occurred in both group was comparable.Mean cross-clamp time(129.5 ±28.6) min vs.(94.3 ±35.3)min(P<0.05).Blood transfusion(342.0 ±476.4)ml vs.(330.8 ±651.3)ml(P>0.05).ICU sta-ying time(1.0 ±0.2)day vs.(1.1 ±0.3)day(P>0.05).At the latest visit(10.5 ±6.8)months in David Ⅰ, no obviously regurgitation of aortic valve were observed 0.75 ±0.44 vs 1.0 ±1.3(P>0.05).Conclusion Except for the prolonged cross-clamp time, David Ⅰ is safely and effective in aortic root disease compared with Bentall in peri-operative period .The long term results need further follow-up.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754829

ABSTRACT

To investigate the clinical diagnostic value of ultrasonographic superb micro‐vascular imaging ( SM I) for abdominal branch arteries′involvement in Stanford B aortic dissection ( AD ) . Methods A total of 34 AD patients underwent conventional ultrasound ,SMI and CTA . The characteristics of the ultrasonographic images of branch artery involvement including coeliac artery ,superior mesenteric artery ,left and right renal artery were analyzed . T he diagnostic performance of conventional ultrasound and SM I were compared and CT A was used as the reference standard . Results Among the 34 patients with AD ,according to the ultrasonographic images′characteristics ,136 branch arteries were categorized into four classes :Class Ⅰ (81/136) ,branch artery perfusion supplied from the aortic true lumen ; Class Ⅱ ( 27/136) , dissection extending into the branch ; Class Ⅲ ( 16/136 ) ,branch artery perfusion supplied from the aortic false lumen ; Class Ⅳ ( 12/136) ,branch artery perfusion supplied from the aortic true and false lumens . T he diagnostic accordance rate of the conventional ultrasound and SM I were 76 .5% ( 104/136 ) and 92 .6%( 126/136) and had significant differences ( P <0 .001) . Conclusions SMI can be used to evaluate branch artery involvement in AD patients w hich will guide the practice of pre‐operation and post‐operation .

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801358

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize experience and result in surgical treatment of Stanford type A intramural hematoma.@*Methods@#60 patients with Stanford type A intramural hematoma were operated from February 2015 to August 2017. Surgery was indicated in complicated cases with penetrating ulcer or ulcer-like projection in ascending aorta, maximum aorta diameter≥50 mm, progressive maximum aortic wall thickness≥10 mm, pericardial or pleural effusion, persistent or recurrent pain. Aortic valve regurgitation. In our group, 46 patients recieved ascending aorta replacement+ Sun' s procedure. 6 patients recieved Bentall+ Sun' s procedure. 4 patients recieved asceding aorta+ hemiarch replacement. 2 patients recieved Bentall+ hemiarch replacement. 2 patients recieved asceding aorta replacement.@*Results@#In the whole group, there was 1(1.7%)operative death because of multiple organ failure after operation. Hyoxemiaoccured in 5(8.3%) patients, 2(3.3%) patients occurred new renal failure and required CRRT treatment, cerebrovascular complication occurred in 1 (1.7%)patient, re-sternotomy due to bleeeding occured in 1 (1.7%)patient and paraplegia occured in 1(1.7%) patient after operation. but they recoved quickly after proper treatment. During follow up period, there were 4 cases need reintervention, including TEVAR for type B dissection at 3 months and distal stent-graft new entry at 1 year. Two other reinterventions were performed for endoleak by interventional occlusion. During the follow-up, hematoma absorption rates after treatment 1、3 and 6 months were 68.6%, 84.7% and 94.8%.@*Conclusion@#Given the dynamic evolution of acute type A IMH pre-operative accurate indications and the proper surgical strategy maybe the keys for success.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801357

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Summarize the anatomical features of the aortic dissection of right axillary and femoral artery cannulation in Sun's surgery. Exploring whether right axillary and femoral artery cannulation can reduce the incidence of organ malperfusion and improve patient prognosis.@*Methods@#From January 2015 to December 2017, 181 cases with aortic dissection were treated in Beijing Anzhen Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing Great Blood Vessel Research and Treatment Center, 122 patients were enrolled in the right axillary and femoral artery cannulation group, and 59 patients in control group were enrolled. Retrospective analysis the data of two groups, intraoperative, and postoperative univariate were compared between the two groups.@*Results@#A total of 17 patients died in the postoperative group, with 9 (7.38%) in the combined perfusion group and 8 (13.56%) in the control group, P=0.181. Among the complications of the two groups, 18 patients(14.75%) in combined perfusion group had renal insufficiency and 17 patients (28.81%) in the control group, P= 0.025. 0 case had stransient spinal cord injury in combined perfusion group , 3 cases(5.08%) in control group , P=0.033.@*Conclusion@#Right axillary and femoral artery cannulation can reduce the incidence of complications of postoperative organ dysfunction and improve patient prognosis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800478

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the impact of preoperative dual antiplatelet therapy on early outcome of acute type A aortic dissection(ATAAD) patients undergoing aortic surgery.@*Methods@#From December 2015 to November 2017, 45 consecutive patients with ingestion of aspirin and clopidogrel underwent aortic repair surgery at our center. 37 out of 45 patients(83%) were propensity-matched with 74 control ATAAD patients without antiplatelet therapy undergoing aortic surgery in 1∶2 fashion. Thereby, bleeding-related outcome(death, reoperation for bleeding, postoperative blood loss within 12 h ≥2 000 ml and usage of rFⅦa) and blood transfusion requirement were compared.@*Results@#Bleeding-related outcome occurred in 14(18.9%) and 9(24.3%) patients in control and antiplatelet group respectively(P=0.51). Postoperative blood loss within 12 hours was 490 ml in control group, compared to 500 ml in the antiplatelet group(P=0.85). There were no significant differences among the two groups in transfusion requirements of red blood cells, platelets and fresh frozen plasma. Multivariate regression analysis identified antiplatelet therapy as an nonsignifcant risk factor for bleeding-related outcome(OR=2.97, 95%CI: 0.87-10.21, P=0.08).@*Conclusion@#Preoperative dual antiplatelet therapy was not associated with increased risk of bleeding-related outcome and transfusion requirement, and was not a contraindication of emergent surgery for ATAAD patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796958

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To find out what the exact impact of renal malperfusion on short- and long-term postoperative prognosis of ATAAD patietns.@*Methods@#218 patients with ATAAD undergoing surgical repair from June 2009 to May 2012 . Mean age was(47.8±10.7) years and 170 were male(78.0%). Based on computed tomographic angiography and laboratory test, 48 patients were diagnosed with preoperative renal malperfusion(22.0%). Clinical data were compared between two groups and risk factors for short- and long-term mortality identified using Cox regression.@*Results@#Patients with renal malperfusion showed significantly higher incidences of short-term mortality(22.9% vs 8.3%, P=0.023), long-term mortality(87.0% vs 72.9%, P=0.003) and postoperative acute kidney failure(20.8% vs 4.1%, P<0.001). Renal malperfusion was the risk factor for short-term mortality(OR 2.92, 95%CI 1.31-6.63, P=0.009) and long-term mortality(OR 2.56, 95%CI 1.32-4.94, P=0.005).@*Conclusion@#Renal malperfusion significantly increases the postoperative risk of short-term mortality, long-term mortality and incidence of postoperative acute renal failure in patients with ATAAD.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735050

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlations between the FBN1 gene mutation types and the clinical phenotype . Methods 87 probands with Marfan or Marfan-like syndromes and their family members were enrolled in this study ( total 300 cases).The clinical manifestations of each patients involving the ocular, cardiovascular system, skeletal system and other im-plicated systems were collected and evaluated .According to the clinical manifestations , these patients were divided into two groups, namely aortic dissection group and aortic root aneurysm group.Blood samples were taken from patients and DNA se-quencing was performed on each patient by the genetic aortic disease gene Panel .The detected single nucleotide variants ( SNVs)/indel were interpreted according to the ACMG guidelines, and the pathogenic variation was confirmed through Sanger sequencing.The aortic wall tissue was obtained from MFS patients who underwent surgery .The correlations between genotypes and clinical phenotypes were further explored by comparing the aortic wall tissue histological specimens of each genotype pa-tient.Results A total of 92 FBN1 mutations(31%) were detected in 300 people with Marfan syndromes or Marfan-like syn-dromes, 18 of which were undiscovered mutations.There were 49 missense mutations(53.26%), 13 splicing mutations (14.13%), 17 frameshift mutations(18.48%), and 13 nonsense mutations(14.13%).In this cohort, 24 cases had aortic dissection and 25 cases were aortic root aneurysm.Statistical analysis revealed that patients with aortic dissection mostly ap-peared in frameshift mutations(29.17% vs.4.00%, P =0.017).However, patients with aortic root aneurysm mostly ap-peared in missense mutations(72.00% vs.37.50%, P =0.015), and accompanied with ectopia lentis(41.67% vs. 8.33%, P=0.008).Pathological specimens staining found that elastic fibers in the aortic wall of patients with frameshift mu-tations are sparser, and the smooth muscle cells are more deficient and more disorganized than patients with missense muta-tions.Conclusion FBN1 gene frameshift mutations result a lack of elastic fibers and disorganized smooth muscle cells in aor-tic wall and are presented more in patients with aortic dissection than aortic root aneurysm .

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824872

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize experience and result in surgical treatment of Stanford type A intramural hematoma.Methods 60 patients with Stanford type A intramural hematoma were operated from February 2015 to August 2017.Surgery was indicated in complicated cases with penetrating ulcer or ulcer-like projection in ascending aorta,maximum aorta diameter≥50 mm,progressive maximum aortic wall thickness≥i0 mm,pericardial or pleural effusion,persistent or recurrent pain.Aortic valve regurgitation.In our group,46 patients recieved ascending aorta replacement + Sun's procedure.6 patients recieved Bentall + Sun's procedure.4 patients recieved asceding aorta + hemiarch replacement.2 patients recieved Bentall + hemiarch replacement.2 patients recieved asceding aorta replacement.Results In the whole group,there was 1 (1.7%) operative death because of multiple organ failure after operation.Hyoxemiaoccured in 5(8.3%) patients,2(3.3%) patients occurred new renal failure and required CRRT treatment,cerebrovascular complication occurred in 1 (1.7%)patient,re-sternotomy due to bleeeding occured in 1 (1.7%) patient and paraplegia occured in 1 (1.7%) patient after operation.but they recoved quickly after proper treatment.During follow up period,there were 4 cases need reintervention,including TEVAR for type B dissection at 3 months and distal stent-graft new entry at 1 year.Two other reinterventions were performed for endoleak by interventional occlusion.During the follow-up,hematoma absorption rates after treatment 1、3 and 6 months were 68.6%,84.7% and 94.8%.Conclusion Given the dynamic evolution of acute type A IMH pre-operative accurate indications and the proper surgical strategy maybe the keys for success.

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