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1.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 349-353, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493407

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of the plasma miR-193a-5p level on diagnosis and monitoring the response to treatment in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Methods Peripheral blood samples were obtained from AML patients enrolled in hematology department of the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from July 2015 to December 2015, including 30 de novo AML patients, 9 patients in complete remission (CR) and 6 patients in relapse. Peripheral blood samples from 15 healthy people were randomly choosed as the health control group. Plasma miR-193a-5p expression levels were detected by using quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Results The plasma miR-193a-5p relative expression level of AML patients group [0.465 6 (0.103 1-5.000 2)] was obviously lower than that of health control group [0.766 1 (0.052 1-3.134 4)] (U= 122, P= 0.018 7). The plasma miR-193a-5p relative expression levels of de novo group and relapse AML group were significantly lower than those of CR group and health control group (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the CR group and health control group (U= 56, P= 0.511 9). No significant correlation was found between the plasma miR-193a-5p level and age, gender, blast percentage of the bone marrow, peripheral blood leukocyte count, platelet count, CD34+cells'percentage and so on. Conclusion The decreased plasma miR-193a-5p expression level can be served as a new and noninvasive biomarker for the evaluation of diagnosis and treatment in AML.

2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 559-562, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281983

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the MPL L391-V392ins12 spliceosome and analyze its frequencies in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MPL aberrant spliceosome was identified through reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)combined with cloning sequencing. The mutation of this spliceosome in 248 MPN patients and 200 normal people was determined by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A novel aberrant spliceosome of MPL gene (MPL L391-V392ins12)was identified, i.e. 36 bp intron was retained between exon7 and exon8, and there were 12 amino acids (EGLKLLPADIPV)inserted. MPL L391-V392ins12 mutation was detected in 19 (7.66%)of the 248 patients with MPN, including 1 (1.92%) of 52 patients with PV, 14 (9.66%) of 145 with ET, and 4 (7.84%) of 51 with PMF. And the mutation was not detected in the group of 200 normal people.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MPL L391-V392ins12 spliceosome is an aberrant spliceosome present in the MPN. It can be detected in PV, ET and PMF, and more frequently in ET and PMF. This mutation may play an important role in the process of MPN.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Mutation , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Genetics , Neoplasms , Genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Thrombopoietin , Genetics , Spliceosomes
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447400

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to prepare solid dispersions of Acanthopanax leaves total flavonoids in order to im-prove its bioavailability. PEG4000, PEG6000, F68, PVPK30 were used as carrier materials in the preparation of four different types of solid dispersion to screen the best type of carrier material and evaluate the amount of carrier mate-rial and its influence on the drug dissolution. Rutin was used as reference substance. NaNO2-Al(NO3)3-NaOH was used as the color system, with a UV spectrophotometer measured absorbance at 500 nm. The dissolution characteris-tics of different proportions of solid dispersions were examined in vitro. The results showed that compared with raw material, the in vitro drug release rate with PVPK30 as carrier material in the obtained solid dispersion of the pro-portion of the raw material was significantly improved, and the cumulative release rate was also increased significant-ly. It was concluded that the solid dispersion prepared by solvent method significantly improved in vitro drug release in water.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443666

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore self-emulsifying particle size characterization methods and compare the regularity of various methods. Methods By setting the clarity level of turbidity standard solution, with two less soluble drugs-diterpene lactone compounds Chuanhuning and dihydropyridine drug nifedipine as model drugs, 10-12 clarity level prescriptions were selected from six different ternary phase diagram. Laser particle size scanner was used to determine the particle size, and UV-visible spectrophotometry to determine its absorbance. Three methods of particle size characterization rules were compared by drawing charts. Results There was a positive correlationship among droplet particle size, absorbance and clarity grade of emulsion formed by prescription in the same phase diagram. But, there was no regularity among droplet particle size, absorbance and clarity grade of emulsion formed by prescription in different phase diagram. Conclusion The droplet particle size of emulsion formed by prescription containing the same drugs and excipients in different proportions can be compared by clarity with visual method or absorbance with UV-visible spectrophotometer.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418976

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application effect of cleaning packaging of surgical medical apparatus and instruments in sterilization and supply center of hospital. Methods The first-time qualification rate of cleaning,packaging and sterility test and incidence rate of nosocomial infection before and after the application of cleaning packaging of surgical medical apparatus and instruments in sterilization and supply center of hospital.The application effect was comprehensively evaluated. Results The first-time qualification rate of cleaning,packaging and sterility test after the application of cleaning packaging of surgical medical apparatus and instruments in sterilization and supply center were significantly increased.The incidence rate of nosocomial infection was 1.5% before and 5.5% after the application of cleaning packaging of surgical medical apparatus and instruments,the difference was significant. Conclusions Application of cleaning packaging of surgical medical apparatus and instruments in sterilization and supply center can effectively control the cleaning and packaging quality,guarantee the thoroughness of subsequent disinfection and sterilization,decrease the incidence rate of nosocomial infection caused by poor quality of surgical medical apparatus and instruments.It creates reliable medical environment for patients and obtain good social and economic benefit,which is worthy of wide application.

6.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 48-52, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404347

ABSTRACT

Objective The present study is to investigate IL-24 gene(Ad5F35-hIL-24) effect on the topoisommeraseⅡα(topoⅡα) and Caspase-3 expression in glioma cell line U251. Methods After transfected the U251 glioma cells with the Ad5F35-hIL-24, the methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) was used to analyse the inhibition rate of Ad5F35-hIL-24 on the cells. Hoechst 33258 fluorescent staining and flow cytometric assay were used to detect apoptosis. The immunohistochemistry assay was used to detect topoⅡα expression, and Western blotting was applied to detect the protein expression of topoⅡα and caspase-3. Transwell experiment was used to test the invasiveness of the cells. Results It was found that the Ad5F35-hIL-24 could inhibit U251 cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in a dose dependent manner compared with the control groups. It showed that Ad5F35-hIL-24 could inhibit topoⅡα expression reveled by immunohistochemistry and Westeren blotting, while it increased caspase-3 protein expression. The Transwell experiment showed that the Ad5F35-hIL-24 could reduce the invasiveness of the U251 glioma cells.Conclusion The exogenous IL-24 gene can inhibit the cell proliferation and induce apoptosis of U251 glioma cells. The topoⅡα and Caspase-3 are the important molecular targets of the IL-24 gene. These results may give support for the IL-24 gene usage in clinical treatment for glioma patients.

7.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 59-62, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441317

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate ASPS induced G_2/M arrest in lung cancer cell line H446 and its effect on ERK MAP kinase signal transduction pathways. Methods Cell cycle phases were inspected by flow cytometery (FCM) ; Western blot analysis was used to inspect the proteins of ERK, p-ERK. Results Compared with control group, G_2/M phase cells increased with concentration significantly, G_0/G_1 phase cells were not different, G_2/M phase cells and G_0/G_1 phase cells were not different when pre-incubated with PD98059 prior to exposure to ASPS of different concentrations, protein of p-ERK was significantly increased, expression of ERK was no different. Conclusion ASPS may induce G_2/M arrest of H446 cells possibly by activation ERK MAP kinase pathways.

8.
Microbiology ; (12)1992.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-541545

ABSTRACT

Bipolaris maydis, the causal agent of northern leaf blight of maize, forms a dome-shaped infection structure, an appressorium, to infect its host. To elucidate if calcium signaling pathway is correlated with conidium germination and appressorium formation of Bipolaris maydis induced by hydrophobic surface. Conidia were treated by three kinds of inhibitors. Microscopic examination and statistical data showed: (ⅰ)EGTA, a chelating agent selective for Ca~(2+), Verapamil which could block Ca~(2+) channels, KN93, a selective inhibitor of CaMK could inhibit germination and appressorium formation. (ⅱ)Under the same concentrations of inhibitors, appressorium formation was inhibited more strongly than conidium germination. These inhibitors caused the formation of small and abnormal appressorium. These results strongly suggested that Ca~(2+ )signaling pathway was involved in conidium germination and appressorium formation induced by hydrophobic surface.

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