Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 88
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985993

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the efficacy and safety of letermovir in primary prophylaxis of cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation in patients receiving haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Methods: This retrospective, cohort study was conducted using data of patients who underwent haploidentical transplantation at Peking University Institute of Hematology and received letermovir for primary prophylaxis between May 1, 2022 and August 30, 2022. The inclusion criteria of the letermovir group were as follows: letermovir initiation within 30 days after transplantation and continuation for≥90 days after transplantation. Patients who underwent haploidentical transplantation within the same time period but did not receive letermovir prophylaxis were selected in a 1∶4 ratio as controls. The main outcomes were the incidence of CMV infection and CMV disease after transplantation as well as the possible effects of letermovir on acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD), non-relapse mortality (NRM), and bone marrow suppression. Categorical variables were analyzed by chi-square test, and continuous variables were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for evaluating incidence differences. Results: Seventeen patients were included in the letermovir prophylaxis group. The median patient age in the letermovir group was significantly greater than that in the control group (43 yr vs. 15 yr; Z=-4.28, P<0.001). The two groups showed no significant difference in sex distribution and primary diseases, etc. (all P>0.05). The proportion of CMV-seronegative donors was significantly higher in the letermovir prophylaxis group in comparison with the control group (8/17 vs. 0/68, χ2=35.32, P<0.001). Three out of the 17 patients in the letermovir group experienced CMV reactivation, which was significantly lower than the incidence of CMV reactivation in the control group (3/17 vs. 40/68, χ2=9.23, P=0.002), and no CMV disease development observed in the letermovir group. Letermovir showed no significant effects on platelet engraftment (P=0.105), aGVHD (P=0.348), and 100-day NRM (P=0.474). Conclusions: Preliminary data suggest that letermovir may effectively reduce the incidence of CMV infection after haploidentical transplantation without influencing aGVHD, NRM, and bone marrow suppression. Prospective randomized controlled studies are required to further verify these findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cytomegalovirus , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Prospective Studies , Cytomegalovirus Infections/prevention & control , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Recurrence , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 289-294, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984617

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the incidence and clinical characteristics of engraftment syndrome (ES) after syngeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (syn-HSCT) in patients with hematological diseases. Methods: The clinical data of 21 patients who received syn-HSCT at People's Hospital of Peking University from January 1994 to May 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Seven (33.3% ) of 21 patients developed ES. The onset of ES symptoms occurred at a median of 8 (range: 5-13) days after HSCT, and the diagnosis of ES occurred at a median of 10 (range: 7-14) days after HSCT. Steroids were administered immediately after the diagnosis of ES, the median time of symptom continuance was 2 (range: 1-5) days, and all patients showed complete resolution of ES symptoms. In the multivariate analysis, patients with acute myeloid leukemia and faster neutrophil reconstitution were the risk factors for ES (HR=15.298, 95% CI 1.486-157.501, P=0.022, and HR=17.459, 95% CI 1.776-171.687, P=0.014) . Meanwhile, there was no significant difference in the overall survival and disease-free survival between patients with ES and those without ES. Conclusion: A high incidence of ES was observed in syn-HSCT recipients. Moreover, the prognosis of ES was excellent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Incidence , Graft vs Host Disease/etiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Hematologic Diseases/complications
3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 284-288, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984616

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the optimal cutoff value of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA load that can assist in the diagnosis of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) . Methods: The data of patients with EBV infection after haplo-HSCT from January to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Through constructing the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and calculating the Youden index to determine the cutoff value of EBV-DNA load and its duration of diagnostic significance for PTLD. Results: A total of 94 patients were included, of whom 20 (21.3% ) developed PTLD, with a median onset time of 56 (40-309) d after transplantation. The median EBV value at the time of diagnosis of PTLD was 70,400 (1,710-1,370,000) copies/ml, and the median duration of EBV viremia was 23.5 (4-490) d. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the peak EBV-DNA load (the EBV-DNA load at the time of diagnosis in the PTLD group) and duration of EBV viremia between the PTLD and non-PTLD groups. The results showed that the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P=0.018 and P=0.001) . The ROC curve was constructed to calculate the Youden index, and it was concluded that the EBV-DNA load ≥ 41 850 copies/ml after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation had diagnostic significance for PTLD (AUC=0.847) , and the sensitivity and specificity were 0.611 and 0.932, respectively. The duration of EBV viremia of ≥20.5 d had diagnostic significance for PTLD (AUC=0.833) , with a sensitivity and specificity of 0.778 and 0.795, respectively. Conclusion: Dynamic monitoring of EBV load in high-risk patients with PTLD after haplo-HSCT and attention to its duration have important clinical significance, which can help clinically predict the occurrence of PTLD in advance and take early intervention measures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/diagnosis , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Viremia , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Lymphoproliferative Disorders/etiology , DNA, Viral , Viral Load
4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 737-741, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012222

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the detection rate, clinical significance, and prognosis of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 1100 patients who underwent the CSF virus test after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in Peking University People's Hospital between January 2017 and June 2022. Among them, 19 patients were screened positive for EBV in their CSF, and their clinical characteristics, treatment, and prognosis were analyzed. Results: Among 19 patients with EBV-positive cerebrospinal fluid, 12 were male and 7 were female, with 5 patients aged <18 years and 12 aged ≥18 years, with a median age of 27 (5-58) years old. There were 7 cases of acute myeloid leukemia, 8 of acute lymphocytic leukemia, 2 of aplastic anemia, 1 of Hodgkin's lymphoma, and 1 of hemophagocytic syndrome. All 19 patients underwent haploid hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, including 1 secondary transplant. Nineteen patients had neurological symptoms (headache, dizziness, convulsions, or seizures), of which 13 had fever. Ten cases showed no abnormalities in cranial imaging examination. Among the 19 patients, 6 were diagnosed with EB virus-related central nervous system diseases, with a median diagnosis time of 50 (22-363) days after transplantation. In 9 (47.3%) patients, EBV was detected in their peripheral blood, and they were treated with intravenous infusion of rituximab (including two patients who underwent lumbar puncture and intrathecal injection of rituximab). After treatment, EBV was not detected in seven patients. Among the 19 patients, 2 died from EBV infection and 2 from other causes. Conclusion: In patients who exhibited central nervous system symptoms after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, EBV should be screened as a potential pathogen. EBV detected in the CSF may indicate an infection; however, it does not confirm the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Clinical Relevance , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Lymphoproliferative Disorders/drug therapy
5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 400-407, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929627

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the differences in the biological effects of different expansion systems on natural killer (NK) cells, as well as the safety and preliminary clinical efficacy in the treatment of patients with recurrence after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) . Methods: Peripheral blood cells from healthy donors were stimulated with either CD3 combined with CD52 or K562 feeder cells loaded with IL-21/4-1BB to induce NK cell expansion. Changes in the NK cell phenotype, cytokine secretion, and cytotoxicity before and after expansion were detected. We also evaluated the safety and clinical efficacy of two different expansion strategies for patients received NK infusion. Results: Compared with the CD3/CD52 monoclonal antibody amplification system, the feeder cell expansion group had a higher purity of NK cells and higher expression ratios of NK cell surface activation receptors such as DNAM-1 and NKp30, while inhibitory receptor CTLA-4 expression was low and NKG2D/CD25/CD69/ Trail/PD-1/TIM-3/TIGIT had no statistically significant differences between the groups. Further functional results showed that the expression level of KI67 in NK cells after expansion in the two groups increased significantly, especially in the feeder cell expansion group. Simultaneously, the perforin and granzyme B levels of NK cells in the feeder cell expansion group were significantly higher than in the CD3/CD52 expansion group. A retrospective analysis of eight patients who received monoclonal antibody-expanded NK cell reinfusion and nine patients with trophoblast cell-expanded NK cell reinfusion was done. The disease characteristics of the two groups were comparable, NK cell reinfusion was safe, and there were no obvious adverse reactions. Clinical prognostic results showed that in the CD3/CD52 monoclonal antibody amplification group, the MRD conversion rate was 50% (2/4) , and the feeder cell expansion group was 50% (3/6) . After 5 years of follow-up from allo-HSCT, three patients in the monoclonal antibody expansion group had long-term survival without leukemia, and the remaining five patients had died; two patients died in the feeder cell expansion group, and the other six patients had long-term survival. Six cases had GVHD before NK cell reinfusion, and GVHD did not aggravate or even relieved after NK cell reinfusion. Conclusions: Preliminary results show that the biological characteristics of NK cells with diverse expansion strategies are significantly different, which may affect the clinical prognosis of patients with recurrence or persistent minimal residual disease after HSCT. The two groups of patients treated with NK cells from different expansion strategies had no obvious adverse reactions after NK cell infusion, but efficacy still needs to be further confirmed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Monoclonal/pharmacology , Graft vs Host Disease/metabolism , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Killer Cells, Natural , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 221-228, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929561

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate whether haplotype hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) is effective in the treatment of pre transplant minimal residual disease (Pre-MRD) positive acute B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) compared with HLA- matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT) . Methods: A total of 998 patients with B-ALL in complete remission pre-HSCT who either received haplo-HSCT (n=788) or underwent MSDT (n=210) were retrospectively analyzed. The pre-transplantation leukemia burden was evaluated according to Pre-MRD determinedusing multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) . Results: Of these patients, 997 (99.9% ) achieved sustained, full donor chimerism. The 100-day cumulative incidences of neutrophil engraftment, platelet engraftment, and grades Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) were 99.9% (997/998) , 95.3% (951/998) , and 26.6% (95% CI 23.8% -29.4% ) , respectively. The 3-year cumulative incidence of total chronic GVHD was 49.1% (95% CI 45.7% -52.4% ) . The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) and non-relapse mortality (NRM) of the 998 cases were 17.3% (95% CI 15.0% -19.7% ) and 13.8% (95% CI 11.6% -16.0% ) , respectively. The 3-year probabilities of leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) were 69.1% (95% CI 66.1% -72.1% ) and 73.0% (95% CI 70.2% -75.8% ) , respectively. In the total patient group, cases with positive Pre-MRD (n=282) experienced significantly higher CIR than that of subjects with negative Pre-MRD [n=716, 31.6% (95% CI 25.8% -37.5% ) vs 14.3% (95% CI 11.4% -17.2% ) , P<0.001]. For patients in the positive Pre-MRD subgroup, cases treated with haplo-HSCT (n=219) had a lower 3-year CIR than that of cases who underwent MSDT [n=63, 27.2% (95% CI 21.0% -33.4% ) vs 47.0% (95% CI 33.8% -60.2% ) , P=0.002]. The total 998 cases were classified as five subgroups, including cases with negative Pre-MRD group (n=716) , cases with Pre-MRD<0.01% group (n=46) , cases with Pre-MRD 0.01% -<0.1% group (n=117) , cases with Pre-MRD 0.1% -<1% group (n=87) , and cases with Pre-MRD≥1% group (n=32) . For subjects in the Pre-MRD<0.01% group, haplo-HSCT (n=40) had a lower CIR than that of MSDT [n=6, 10.0% (95% CI 0.4% -19.6% ) vs 32.3% (95% CI 0% -69.9% ) , P=0.017]. For patients in the Pre-MRD 0.01% -<0.1% group, haplo-HSCT (n=81) also had a lower 3-year CIR than that of MSDT [n=36, 20.4% (95% CI 10.4% -30.4% ) vs 47.0% (95% CI 29.2% -64.8% ) , P=0.004]. In the other three subgroups, the 3-year CIR was comparable between patients who underwent haplo-HSCT and those received MSDT. A subgroup analysis of patients with Pre-MRD<0.1% (n=163) was performed, the results showed that cases received haplo-HSCT (n=121) experienced lower 3-year CIR [16.0% (95% CI 9.4% -22.7% ) vs 40.5% (95% CI 25.2% -55.8% ) , P<0.001], better 3-year LFS [78.2% (95% CI 70.6% -85.8% ) vs 47.6% (95% CI 32.2% -63.0% ) , P<0.001] and OS [80.5% (95% CI 73.1% -87.9% ) vs 54.6% (95% CI 39.2% -70.0% ) , P<0.001] than those of MSDT (n=42) , but comparable in 3-year NRM [5.8% (95% CI 1.6% -10.0% ) vs 11.9% (95% CI 2.0% -21.8% ) , P=0.188]. Multivariate analysis showed that haplo-HSCT was associated with lower CIR (HR=0.248, 95% CI 0.131-0.472, P<0.001) , and superior LFS (HR=0.275, 95% CI 0.157-0.483, P<0.001) and OS (HR=0.286, 95% CI 0.159-0.513, P<0.001) . Conclusion: Haplo HSCT has a survival advantage over MSDT in the treatment of B-ALL patients with pre MRD<0.1% .


Subject(s)
Humans , B-Lymphocytes , Graft vs Host Disease , HLA Antigens/genetics , Haplotypes , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Leukemia, B-Cell/complications , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/complications , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Siblings
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1199-1208, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878101

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#For patients with B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL) who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT), many variables have been demonstrated to be associated with leukemia relapse. In this study, we attempted to establish a risk score system to predict transplant outcomes more precisely in patients with B-ALL after allo-SCT.@*METHODS@#A total of 477 patients with B-ALL who underwent allo-SCT at Peking University People's Hospital from December 2010 to December 2015 were enrolled in this retrospective study. We aimed to evaluate the factors associated with transplant outcomes after allo-SCT, and establish a risk score to identify patients with different probabilities of relapse. The univariate and multivariate analyses were performed with the Cox proportional hazards model with time-dependent variables.@*RESULTS@#All patients achieved neutrophil engraftment, and 95.4% of patients achieved platelet engraftment. The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), overall survival (OS), leukemia-free survival (LFS), and non-relapse mortality were 20.7%, 70.4%, 65.6%, and 13.9%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that patients with positive post-transplantation minimal residual disease (MRD), transplanted beyond the first complete remission (≥CR2), and without chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) had higher CIR (P  < 0.001, P = 0.004, and P  < 0.001, respectively) and worse LFS (P  < 0.001, P = 0.017, and P  < 0.001, respectively), and OS (P  < 0.001, P = 0.009, and P  < 0.001, respectively) than patients without MRD after transplantation, transplanted in CR1, and with cGVHD. A risk score for predicting relapse was formulated with the three above variables. The 5-year relapse rates were 6.3%, 16.6%, 55.9%, and 81.8% for patients with scores of 0, 1, 2, and 3 (P  < 0.001), respectively, while the 5-year LFS and OS values decreased with increasing risk score.@*CONCLUSION@#This new risk score system might stratify patients with different risks of relapse, which could guide treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , B-Lymphocytes , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stem Cell Transplantation
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880122

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the plasma components of frozen plasma (FP) and fresh frozen plasma (FFP).@*METHODS@#Twenty samples of FP and 20 samples of FFP from Beijing Red Cross Blood Center were randomly selected. Immediately after plasma melting, 12 plasma components including coagulation factor, fibrinolytic system and anticoagulation protein were detected, including activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), coagulation factor Ⅷ (FⅧ) activity, coagulation factor Ⅴ (FⅤ) activity, fibrinogen(FIB) level, ADAMTS-13 activity, von Willebrand factor(vWF) activity, D-dimer (D-dimer, DD), fibrin degradation products (FDP), antithrombin (AT), protein C (PC), and protein S (PS). All these coagulation components between the two types of plasma were compared and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with FFP, APTT in FP was significantly prolonged(t=3.428, P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#FP can substitute FFP in the treatment of some diseases, although it is lack of some coagulation factors and anticoagulation protein.


Subject(s)
Humans , Beijing , Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Factors , Blood Coagulation Tests , Plasma
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880029

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the predict significance of the high aldehyde dehydrogenase activity (ALDH@*METHODS@#Bone marrow samples of 23 t(8;21) AML patients diagnosis and achieved complete remission in our hospital from April 2015 to June 2016 were collected, then flow cytometry method was used to detect the activity of ALDH, relationship between it and relapse was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for a median of 32 (2-52) months. The median percentage of CD34@*CONCLUSION@#The percentage of CD34


Subject(s)
Humans , ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Antigens, CD34 , Flow Cytometry , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Prognosis , Recurrence , Remission Induction
10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 106-111, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012152

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the risk factors of steroid resistant acute graft- versus-host disease (aGVHD) after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) . Methods: The clinical data of adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) /Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) who developed aGVHD after haplo-HSCT in Peking University Institute of Hematology from January 1st, 2010 to December 31st, 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Results: A total of 85 patients were enrolled in the study, including 55 males and 30 females, with a median age of 30 (19-67) years. After steroid therapy, there were 53 (62.4%) , 6 (7.1%) and 26 (30.6%) patients achieved complete remission (CR) , partial remission (PR) and non-remission (NR) , respectively. The CR rates of the grade Ⅰ/Ⅱ and Ⅲ/Ⅳ aGVHD by steroid therapy were 66.2% (51/77) vs 25.0% (2/8) (χ(2)=3.639, P=0.048) , respectively. The CR rates of the patients with aGVHD involving 1 target organ and 2 target organs were 77.4% (48/62) vs 21.7% (5/23) (χ(2)=22.157, P<0.001) . The CR rates of patients with standard risk (SR) and high risk (HR) Minnesota risk score was 67.5% (52/77) vs 12.5% (1/8) (χ(2)=7.153, P=0.004) . The mononuclear cells≥8.33×10(8)/kg and the HR Minnesota risk score were independent risk factors for steroid-resistant aGVHD in multivariate analysis. Between Minnesota risk score SR (77 cases) and HR (8 cases) groups, the OS rates at 22 months after transplantation were (90.3±3.8) %vs (75.0±15.3) % (χ(2)=2.831, P=0.092) . After steroid treatment for aGVHD, the OS rates at 22 months in the CR group (53 cases) and non-CR group (32 cases) were (95.2±3.4) %vs (78.6±7.9) % (χ(2)=5.287, P=0.021) respectively. Conclusion: The Minnesota risk score and mononuclear cells count are effective tool for predicting steroid-resistant aGVHD after haplo-HSCT.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Acute Disease , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941828

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is a severe inherited disorder leading to rapid neurological deterioration and premature death. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is still the only treatment that halts the neurologic symptoms in ALD. However, many patients lack suitable human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matched related donors and must rely on alternative donors for a source of stem cells. The purpose of this study was to explore the outcomes of haploidentical allogeneic stem cell transplantation for ALD patients.@*METHODS@#Between December 2014 and December 2018, eight children with ALD lacking HLA matched related or unrelated donors were treated with haploidentical allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The patients received conditioning regimen with busulfan 9.6 mg/kg, cyclophosphamide 200 mg/kg and fludarabine 90 mg/m2. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis consisted of anti-human thymocyte globulin, cyclosporine A, mycophenolate mofetil and short course of methotrexate.@*RESULTS@#All the 8 children received allogeneic stem cell transplants from their fathers. The median age of the recipients was 8 (range: 5-12) years. The median age of the donors was 36 (range: 32-40) years. All the recipients received granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilized bone marrow and peripheral blood-derived stem cells. The median number of total mononuclear cells dose and CD34+ dose was 10.89 (range: 9.40-12.16)×108/kg and 7.06 (range: 0.74-7.80)×106/kg, respectively. Neutrophil engraftment occurred a median of 11 days (range:8-13 days) after transplantation. Platelet engraftment occurred a median of 10 days (range:8-12 days) after transplantation. All the patients achieved complete donor chimerism at the time of engraftment. Four patients had grades II-IV acute GVHD and 1 had chronic graft-versus-host disease. No severe chronic GVHD occurred. Among all the children, 2 had cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNAemia and 2 Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNAemia. Overall, seven of them survived and had no major complications related to transplantation. One died of cerebral hernia after epilepsy 125 days after transplantation.@*CONCLUSION@#The preliminary observation demonstrates that haploidentical allogeneic stem cell transplantation with this novel regimen could successfully achieve full donor chimerism in ALD patients. According to our experience, haploidentical allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is safe and feasible in the treatment of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Adrenoleukodystrophy/therapy , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Chromosomes, Human, X , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Transplantation Conditioning
12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 713-719, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012050

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore clinical features and severity of chronic graft- versus- host disease (cGVHD) after chemotherapy plus donor lymphocyte infusion (Chemo-DLI) in a consecutive cohort of acute leukemia patients who were minimal residual disease (MRD) positive after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) . Methods: The global scoring system proposed by National Institutes of Health (NIH) Consensus Conference was used to identify the characteristics and severity of cGVHD in patients who MRD positive after Chemo-DLI. Results: 54 (59.3%) patients were diagnosed with cGVHD after Chemo-DLI, with the median time of onset of 70 (13-504) days. There were 6 cases (6.6%) of mild cGVHD, 21 cases (23.1%) of moderate cGVHD and 27 cases (29.7%) of severe cGVHD.The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse after Chemo-DLI was 61.9% (95%CI 45.3%-78.5%) , 15.1% (95%CI 1.1%-29.1%) , and 26.6% (95%CI 9.2%-44.0%) (χ(2)=18.901, P<0.001) in non-cGVHD, mild to moderate cGVHD, and severe cGVHD groups, respectively. The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse after Chemo-DLI was 61.9% (95%CI 45.3%-78.5%) , 19.9% (95%CI 8.1%-31.7%) , and 28.6% (95%CI 0.0%-65.0%) (χ(2)=18.307, P<0.001) in non-cGVHD, classical cGVHD, and overlap syndrome groups, respectively. cGVHD was not associated with non-relapse morality after Chemo-DLI. Probabilities of 5-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) after Chemo-DLI were 24.0% (95%CI 9.1%-38.9%) , 77.2% (95%CI 60.8%-93.6%) , and 64.9% (95%CI 45.7%-84.1%) (χ(2)=24.447, P<0.001) in non-cGVHD, mild to moderate cGVHD, and severe cGVHD groups, respectively. Probabilities of 5-year LFS after Chemo-DLI were 24.0% (95%CI 9.1%-38.9%) , 75.5% (95%CI 62.7%-88.3%) , and 42.9% (95%CI 1.8%-84.0%) (χ(2)=25.665, P<0.001) in non-cGVHD, classical cGVHD, and overlap syndrome groups, respectively. Probabilities of 5-year overall survival (OS) after Chemo-DLI were 50.0% (95%CI 31.1%-68.9%) , 87.9% (95%CI 74.7%-100.0%) , and 71.0% (95%CI 52.0%-90.0%) (χ(2)=9.517, P=0.009) in non-cGVHD, mild to moderate cGVHD, and severe cGVHD groups, respectively. Probabilities of 5-year OS after Chemo-DLI were 50.0% (95%CI 31.1%-68.9%) , 83.9% (95%CI 72.8%-95.0%) , and 51.4% (95%CI 6.2%-96.6%) (χ(2)=10.673, P=0.005) in non-cGVHD, classical cGVHD, and overlap syndrome groups, respectively. In multivariate analysis, patients receiving allo-HSCT in first complete remission stage and classical cGVHD after Chemo-DLI were associated with lower relapse risk and better survival. Conclusions: These findings highlight the close relation between cGVHD and the graft-versus-leukemia effect in patients who were MRD positive and received Chemo-DLI after allo-HSCT. However, overlap syndrome could not improve the clinical outcomes of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Lymphocyte Transfusion , Lymphocytes , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis , Transplantation, Homologous
13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 182-186, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011954

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the impact of pre-transplant course on transplant outcomes in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) . Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted in 107 patients with AML who received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells transplantation (allo-HSCT) in the first complete remission stage (CR(1)) from January 2012 to June 2014. Results: ①46 cases received allo-HSCT within 6 months upon diagnosis, including 25 males and 21 females, with a median age of 26 (12-60) y. 61 cases received allo-HSCT after 6 months upon diagnosis, including 34 males and 27 females, with a median age of 31 (14-58) years. There is no statistical significance in patients' age, gender, NCCN risk stratification, courses for induction, minimal residual disease (MRD) status, transplantation type and infection rates prior to transplantation. Total courses of chemotherapy before allo-HSCT were 4 (3-5) and 5 (4-10) for the two groups, respectively. ②Incidences of Grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ aGVHD were 26.09% (12/46) for the <6-month group and 24.59% (15/61) for the ≥6 months group (P=0.860) . Incidences of Grade Ⅲ/Ⅳ aGVHD were 2.17% (1/46) for the <6-month group and 14.75% (9/61) for the ≥6 months group (P=0.027) . ③ Probabilities of 2-year overall survival (OS) were (90.3±4.6) % for the <6 months group and (75.7±5.7) % for the ≥6 months group (P=0.042) . Probabilities of 2-year disease-free survival (DFS) were (90.7±4.4) % for the <6 months group and (76.3±5.5) % for the ≥6 months group (P=0.038) . ④ During the median follow-up of 863 (26-2 026) days, cumulative incidences of non-relapse mortality were (4.4±3.1) % for the <6 months group and (18.2±5.0) % for the ≥6 months group (P=0.047) . ⑤ Univariate analysis showed that age, NCCN risk stratification, MRD status before transplantation and rates of infection was not related to transplantation outcomes. Chemotherapy courses before allo-HSCT (≤4 or >4) was related to OS and DFS (P=0.044, P=0.039) , but not to NRM (P=0.079) . Conclusion: AML patients who obtained CR(1) could achieve better long-term survival by receiving allo-HSCT within 6 months after diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Homologous
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2808-2816, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772917

ABSTRACT

Background@#Several studies have shown that detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an independent prognostic factor. This study aimed to evaluate the significance of dynamic MRD pretransplantation on outcome of AML patients receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed 145 consecutive AML patients undergoing allo-HSCT in complete remission status between June 2013 and June 2016. MRD was determined with multiparameter flow cytometry after the first and second courses of chemotherapy and pre-HSCT.@*Results@#In matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT) settings, patients with positive MRD had higher cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) than those without MRD after the first (32.3 ± 9.7% vs. 7.7 ± 3.1%, χ = 3.661, P = 0.055) or second course of chemotherapy (57.1 ± 3.6% vs. 12.5 ± 2.7%, χ = 8.759, P = 0.003) or pre-HSCT (50.0 ± 9.7% vs. 23.0 ± 3.2%, χ = 5.547, P = 0.019). In haploidentical SCT (haplo-SCT) settings, the MRD status at those timepoints had no significant impact on clinical outcomes. However, patients with persistent positive MRD from chemotherapy to pre-HSCT had higher CIR than those without persistent positive MRD both in MSDT and haplo-SCT settings. Patients with persistent positive MRD underwent MSDT had the highest relapse incidence, followed by those with persistent positive MRD underwent haplo-SCT, those without persistent MRD underwent haplo-SCT, and those without persistent MRD underwent MSDT (66.7 ± 9.2% vs. 38.5 ± 6.0% vs. 18.8 ± 8.7% vs. 12.0 ± 1.0%, χ = 20.763, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that persistent positive MRD before transplantation was associated with higher CIR (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.69, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.200-2.382, P = 0.003), worse leukemia-free survival (HR = 1.812, 95% CI: 1.168-2.812, P = 0.008), and overall survival (HR = 2.354, 95% CI: 1.528-3.627, P < 0.001).@*Conclusion@#Our results suggest that persistent positive MRD before transplantation, rather than positive MRD at single timepoint, could predict poor outcome both in MSDT and haplo-SCT settings.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Flow Cytometry , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Pathology , Therapeutics , Neoplasm, Residual , Diagnosis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Homologous
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737205

ABSTRACT

Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the elderly often reveals white matter changes (WMCs) with substantial variability across individuals.Our study was designed to explore MRI features and site-specific factors of ischemic WMCs.Clinical data of consecutive patients diagnosed with ischemic cerebral vascular disease who had undergone brain MRI were collected and analyzed.Multi-logistic regression analysis comparing patients with mild versus severe WMCs was performed to detect independent associations.Analyses of variance (ANOVAs) were used to detect regionally specific differences in lesions.We found that lesion distribution differed significantly across five cerebral areas,with lesions being predominant in the frontal lobe and parieto-occipital area.To explore WMCs risk factors,after adjusting for gender,diabetes mellitus,and hypertension,only age (P<0.01),creatinine (P=0.01),alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (P=0.01) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (P=0.03) were found to be independently associated with severe WMCs.Age (P<0.001) was strongly associated with WMCs in the frontal lobe while hypertension was independently related to lesions in the basal ganglia (P=0.048) or infratentorial area (P=0.016).In conclusion,MRI of WMCs showed that ischemic WMCs occurred mostly in the frontal lobe and parieto-occipital area.The infratentorial area was least affected by WMCs.Typically,age-related WMCs were observed in the frontal lobes,while hypertension-related WMCs tended to occur in the basal ganglia and infratentorial area.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735737

ABSTRACT

Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the elderly often reveals white matter changes (WMCs) with substantial variability across individuals.Our study was designed to explore MRI features and site-specific factors of ischemic WMCs.Clinical data of consecutive patients diagnosed with ischemic cerebral vascular disease who had undergone brain MRI were collected and analyzed.Multi-logistic regression analysis comparing patients with mild versus severe WMCs was performed to detect independent associations.Analyses of variance (ANOVAs) were used to detect regionally specific differences in lesions.We found that lesion distribution differed significantly across five cerebral areas,with lesions being predominant in the frontal lobe and parieto-occipital area.To explore WMCs risk factors,after adjusting for gender,diabetes mellitus,and hypertension,only age (P<0.01),creatinine (P=0.01),alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (P=0.01) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (P=0.03) were found to be independently associated with severe WMCs.Age (P<0.001) was strongly associated with WMCs in the frontal lobe while hypertension was independently related to lesions in the basal ganglia (P=0.048) or infratentorial area (P=0.016).In conclusion,MRI of WMCs showed that ischemic WMCs occurred mostly in the frontal lobe and parieto-occipital area.The infratentorial area was least affected by WMCs.Typically,age-related WMCs were observed in the frontal lobes,while hypertension-related WMCs tended to occur in the basal ganglia and infratentorial area.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2185-2192, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690246

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>The dose of certain cell types in allografts affects engraftment kinetics and clinical outcomes after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). Hence, the present study investigated the association of cell compositions in allografts with outcomes after unmanipulated haploidentical SCT (haplo-SCT) for patients with acquired severe aplastic anemia (SAA).</p><p><b>Methods</b>A total of 131 patients with SAA who underwent haplo-SCT were retrospectively enrolled. Cell subsets in allografts were determined using flow cytometry. To analyze the association of cellular compositions and outcomes, Mann-Whitney U nonparametric tests were conducted for patient age, sex, weight, human leukocyte antigen mismatched loci, ABO-matched status, patient ABO blood type, donor-recipient sex match, donor-recipient relationship, and each graft component. Multivariate analysis was performed using logistic regression to determine independent influence factors involving dichotomous variables selected from the univariate analysis.</p><p><b>Results</b>A total of 126 patients (97.7%) achieved neutrophil engraftment, and 121 patients (95.7%) achieved platelet engraftment. At 100 days after transplantation, the cumulative incidence of II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 32.6%. After a median follow-up of 842 (range: 124-4110) days for surviving patients, the cumulative incidence of total chronic GVHD at 3 years after transplantation was 33.7%. The probability of overall survival at 3 years was 83.0%. Multivariate analysis showed that higher total doses of CD14 (P = 0.018) and CD34 cells (P < 0.001) were associated with a successful platelet engraftment. A successful platelet was associated with superior survival (P < 0.001). No correlation of other cell components with outcomes was observed.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>These results provide evidence and explain that higher doses of CD34 and CD14 cells in haploidentical allografts positively affect platelet engraftment, contributing to superior survival for patients with SAA.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Allografts , Anemia, Aplastic , Therapeutics , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Haploidentical , Transplantation, Homologous
18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 969-976, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011900

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore age-related clinical characteristics, early responses and outcomes in non-senile adults with de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Methods: Data of consecutive cases of 18-65 years adults with de novo AML (non-acute promyelocytic leukemia) were reviewed retrospectively. Clinical characteristics at diagnosis, early responses and outcomes across different age groups of patients were analyzed. Results: 1 097 patients were enrolled. 591 (53.9%) were male. Median age was 42 years. Increasing age was significantly associated with decreasing WBC count (P=0.003), increasing PLT count (P=0.034), lower blast proportions in bone marrow (P=0.021). The incidence of NPM1(+)/FLT3-ITD(-) increased with age (P<0.001). Multivariate analyses showed that increasing age was associated with low probabilities of achieving morphologic leukemia free state (MLFS) (P=0.053) and complete remission (CR) (P=0.004) and poor overall survival (OS) (P=0.070) in the whole patients population. However, increasing age was not associated with low MLFS rate and poor OS, except low CR rate (P=0.075) in those receiving standard induction regimen instead of low-intensity regimen. Conclusions: There were significant differences on clinical characteristics, cytogenetics and molecular genetics across different age groups in non-senile adults with de novo AML. In the patients receiving standard induction regimen, age was not associated with MLFS rate and OS.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mutation , Nucleophosmin , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 833-838, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011870

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the incidence and clinical features to probe the risk factors of hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) in children and adolescents with hematological diseases post haplo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) . Methods: Medical records of 62 children and 27 adolescents with hematological diseases treated with haplo-HSCT between 2015 and 2016 were analyzed. Results: Of 89 cases (56 boys and 33 girls) , 44 patients were diagnosed with ALL, 33 AML, 3 AHL and 9 MDS. HC occurred in 32 of the 89 patients with an incidence of 36%, including 6 with grade Ⅰ, 16 with grade Ⅱ, 8 with grade Ⅲ, 2 with grade Ⅳ HC, respectively. The median time of HC onset was 25 days (range 2-55 days) after haplo-HSCT with the median duration as 19 days (range 3-95 days) , all of them were cured. The incidence of HC was lower in the group of children than that in the group of adolescents (27.4% vs 55.6%, χ(2)=6.466, P<0.05) , and the incidence of HC was higher in the group of patients who were ≥5 years old than that in the group of patients who were <5 years old (0 vs 34%, χ(2)=4.043, P<0.05) . Conclusion: HC is one of common complications in children and adolescents with hematological diseases post haplo-HSCT, older age was associated with increased mortality.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Cystitis , Hematologic Diseases , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 617-623, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011825

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the prognostic significance of immunophenotype complete remission (ICR) and hematological complete remission (HCR) before human-leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. Methods: A cohort of 182 AML (non-APL) patients undergoing MSDT in HCR was retrospectively studied [including complete remission with ANC and PLT recovery (CR), CR with incomplete PLT recovery (CRp), CR with inconplete ANC and PLT recovery (CRi)]; ICR was determined as undetective minimal resudial disease (MRD) by multi-parameter flow cytometer. Results: ①Of the 182 patients, 97 were male, 85 female, and the median age was 41(4-62) years. ②The CR and CRi+CRp rates were 80.8% (147/182) and 19.2%(35/182), respectively; The 4-year cumulative incidence of relapse[CIR, (11.0±4.3)% vs (16.0±7.1)%, χ(2)=0.274, P=0.600], non-relapse mortality[NRM, (14.0±4.3)% vs (9.0±6.3)%, χ(2)=0.913, P=0.339], leukemia-free survival[LFS, (75.0±5.1)% vs (75.0±8.3)%, χ(2)=0.256, P=0.613], and overall survial [OS, (77.0±5.2)% vs (80.0±8.1)%, χ(2)=0.140, P=0.708] were comparable between the CRp+CRi and CR groups. ③Compared with the non-ICR group (n=35), the ICR group (n=147) showed lower 4-year CIR [(11.3±3.4) % vs (55.2±8.8) %, χ(2)=32.687, P<0.001], better 4-year LFS [(76.2±4.7)% vs (32.8±8.7)%, χ(2)=26.234, P<0.001] and OS[(79.0±4.7)% vs (39.0±9.1)%, χ(2)=25.253, P<0.001], and comparable NRM[(12.5±4.1)% vs (12.0±7.1)%, χ(2)=1.002, P=0.656]. ④Mulitvariate analysis confirmed the independent prognostic value of ICR in lower CIR [HR=11.026(95%CI 4.685-25.949), P<0.001], higher LFS [HR=5.785 (95% CI 2.974-11.254), P<0.001] and OS[HR=5.578 (95% CI 2.575-27.565), P<0.001]. Conclusion: The results indicated that ICR instead of HCR pre-transplantation had a significant prognostic value in AML patients undergoing MSDT.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , HLA Antigens , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Immunophenotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Retrospective Studies , Siblings
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL