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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361787


A 13-year-old girl was admitted to our hospital with a history of syncope after exercise. Neither left ventricular (LV) function nor hypertrophy was detected by transthoracic echocardiography. However, 24-h Holter electrocardiogram demonstrated ST segment depression with increasing heartbeat. Exercise <sup>201</sup>Tl myocardial scintigram also demonstrated ischemia of the anterior LV wall. Multi-slice coronary computed tomography (CT) demonstrated hypoplasia of the left main coronary artery. The syncope on exertion was ascribed to myocardial ischemia due to hypoplasia of the left main coronary artery. We performed off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) (left internal thoracic artery-left descending artery). The postoperative course was uneventful and postoperative stress <sup>201</sup>Tl myocardial scintigram demonstrated the absence of myocardial ischemia. Coronary CT demonstrated good graft patency. To date, there has not been any recurrence of syncope on exertion. We herein report a successful off-pump CABG for a patient with syncope due to hypoplasia of the left main coronary artery. Syncope on exertion due to hypoplasia of the left main coronary artery is very rare. However, certain forms of congenital coronary anomalies are associated with adverse cardiac events, including sudden cardiac death. The diagnosis, therefore, can be important and CABG is indicated, especially when there is repetitive syncope due to myocardial ischemia.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366706


We evaluated the surgical strategy for thoracic aortic aneurysm associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm. From January 1982 to March 1999, 24 consecutive patients underwent surgical treatment for thoracic aortic aneurysm with abdominal aortic aneurysm. Staged operation was performed if one was only slightly dilated, but extensive operation was needed if the size of both aneurysms was greater than 6cm. In cases of thoracic aortic aneurysm with abdominal aortic aneurysm up to 4cm in size, surgical treatment was performed only for the thoracic aortic aneurysm. Circulatory support during operation was established from the ascending aorta, and circulatory arrest with deep hypothermia and retrograde cerebral perfusion were used for brain protection during surgery for thoracic aortic arch aneurysm. Hospital mortality was 12.5% (3/24 cases). The causes of death were cerebral infarction and respiratory failure. Antegrade systemic perfusion and aortic no-touch technique were an effective method of surgery for thoracic aortic aneurysm with abdominal aortic aneurysm to avoid perioperative embolism and major complications. We successfully performed staged operation, but regular radiographic follow-up was needed.