Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 20
Filter
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 627-632, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257090

ABSTRACT

Peptide cyclization, a pivotal approach to modifying linear precursors of proteins and pepticles, has been used to enhance their biological activities and serum stabilities. Recently, sortase A (SrtA) from Staphyloccus aureus becomes a promising new technology for efficiently incorporating site specific modifications into proteins, conjugating the cell surface and cyclizing the linear peptides. In this study, we constructed two recombinant expression systems, one with chitin binding domain and the other with six-histidine tag and chitin binding domain on the N-terminal of SrtA, separately. The results of enzymatic kinetics indicate that the two recombinant tags do not impair the transpeptidase activity of SrtA compared with the standard reaction reported under the same reaction condition. The two synthesized peptides with N-ternimal three glycines and C-terminal penta-amino acid motif, LPETG, were cyclized using immobilized and recycled SrtA. The SrtA-based cyclization promises to represent a simple method for easy and efficient enzymatic synthesis of large cyclic peptides.


Subject(s)
Aminoacyltransferases , Metabolism , Bacterial Proteins , Metabolism , Cyclization , Cysteine Endopeptidases , Metabolism , Enzymes, Immobilized , Metabolism , Kinetics , Peptides , Metabolism , Peptides, Cyclic , Staphylococcus aureus
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 905-912, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244996

ABSTRACT

Three cyclotides were isolated from the whole plant of Viola yedoensis in this study. The two, vary peptide E and cycloviolacin Y5, were previously reported, and a novel cycloviolacin VY1 was characterized according to the interpretation of MS/MS fragmentation of peptides which were produced from the reduced and alkylated parent peptide with the digestion of Endo Lys-C, trypsin and chymotrypsin, separately. The stability of remarkable resistance to proteolytic degradation by trypsin and chymotrypsin, and that of thermal denaturation was confirmed again. Besides, the IC50 value of cycloviolacin VY1 against influenza A H1N1 virus was (2.27 +/- 0.20) microg x mL(-1). It is the first cyclotide reported with anti-influenza A H1N1 virus activity in vitro assay.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Cyclotides , Pharmacology , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Viola , Chemistry
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 187-192, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235684

ABSTRACT

The synthetic biology matures to promote the heterologous biosynthesis of the well-known drug paclitaxel that is one of the most important and active chemotherapeutic agents for the first-line clinical treatment of cancer. This review focuses on the construction and regulation of the biosynthetic pathway of paclitaxel intermediates in both Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In particular, the review also features the early efforts to design and overproduce taxadiene and the bottleneck of scale fermentation for producing the intermediates.


Subject(s)
Alkenes , Chemistry , Metabolism , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Chemistry , Metabolism , Biosynthetic Pathways , Diterpenes , Chemistry , Metabolism , Escherichia coli , Metabolism , Fermentation , Metabolic Engineering , Paclitaxel , Chemistry , Metabolism , Prodrugs , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Metabolism , Synthetic Biology
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 193-205, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235683

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The first-line drug artemisinin is widely used against malaria. Commercially available artemisinin is extracted from plants. However, the lack of sufficient raw material, artemisinin and the cost associated with the drug's manufacture have limited the supply of ACT to most malaria sufferers in the Developing World. As such, it is important to develop a low cost, fine to environment and high-quality method to supply sufficient and reliable quantities of artemisinin in the future. The field of synthetic biology, which utilizes cell factories to manipulate microbial metabolism to enhance the production of artemisinin and its intermediates, has a particularly strong impact by providing new platforms for chemical production. After a brief introduction of the artemisinin biosynthetic pathway, the present review focuses on the introduction of artemisinin biosynthetic genes, such as the genes encoding amorpha-4, 11-diene monooxygenase, NADPH: cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase, artemisinic aldehyde delta 11(13) reductase and aldehyde dehydrogenase. The review also addresses general considerations for potential contributions of synthetic biology to artemisinin production, with an emphasis on factors influencing interest compounds production in chassis cells.


Subject(s)
Antimalarials , Metabolism , Artemisinins , Metabolism , Biosynthetic Pathways , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Genetics , Escherichia coli , Metabolism , Gene Dosage , Genetic Engineering , Isoenzymes , Genetics , RNA Nucleotidyltransferases , Genetics , Retinal Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Metabolism , Synthetic Biology
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 228-235, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235679

ABSTRACT

Synthetic biology of natural products is the design and construction of new biological systems by transferring a metabolic pathway of interest products into a chassis. Large-scale production of natural products is achieved by coordinate expression of multiple genes involved in genetic pathway of desired products. Promoters are cis-elements and play important roles in the balance of the metabolic pathways controlled by multiple genes by regulating gene expression. A detection plasmid of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was constructed based on DsRed-Monomer gene encoding for a red fluorescent protein. This plasmid was used for screening the efficient promoters applying for multiple gene-controlled pathways. First of all, eight pairs of primers specific to DsRed-Monomer gene were synthesized. The rapid cloning of DsRed-Monomer gene was performed based on step-by-step extension of a short region of the gene through a series of PCR reactions. All cloned sequences were confirmed by DNA sequencing. A vector named pEASYDs-M containing full-length DsRed-Monomer gene was constructed and was used as the template for the construction of S. cerevisiae expression vector named for pYeDP60-Ds-M. pYeDP60-Ds-M was then transformed into S. cerevisiae for heterologous expression of DsRed-Monomer gene. SDS-PAGE, Western blot and fluorescence microscopy results showed that the recombinant DsRed-Monomer protein was expressed successfully in S. cerevisiae. The well-characterized DsRed-Monomer gene was then cloned into a yeast expression vector pGBT9 to obtain a promoter detection plasmid pGBT9Red. For determination efficacy of pGBT9Red, six promoters (including four inducible promoters and two constitutive promoters) were cloned by PCR from the S. cerevisiae genome, and cloned into pGBT9Red by placing upstream of DsRed-Monomer gene, separately. The fluorescence microscopy results indicated that the six promoters (GAL1, GAL2, GAL7, GAL10, TEF2 and PGK1) can regulate the expression of DsRed-Monomer gene. The successful construction of pGBT9Red lays the foundation for further analysis of promoter activity and screening of promoter element libraries.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Base Sequence , Genetics , Cloning, Molecular , DNA Primers , Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal , Genetic Vectors , Luminescent Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Plasmids , Genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Genetics , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Genetics , Metabolism , Synthetic Biology , Transformation, Genetic
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 753-761, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233059

ABSTRACT

Human enterovirus 71 (EV71) is one of the major etiological agents for the hand, foot, and month disease (HFMD) and is causing frequent, widespread occurrence in the mainland of China. The single positive-stranded RNA genome of EV71 is translated into a single polyprotein which is autocleavaged into structural and nonstructural proteins. The functions of many nonstructural proteins characterized in the life cycle of virus are potential targets for blocking viral replication. This article reviews the studies of the structures and functions of nonstructural proteins of EV71 and the anti-enterovirus 71 drugs targeting on these nonstructural proteins.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Enterovirus A, Human , Genetics , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Drug Therapy , Virology , Molecular Targeted Therapy , Peptide Hydrolases , Chemistry , Metabolism , Physiology , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Pharmacology , RNA, Viral , Genetics , Viral Nonstructural Proteins , Chemistry , Metabolism , Physiology , Virus Replication
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 388-394, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250574

ABSTRACT

Influenza A/H1N1 virus-encoded nonstructural, or NS1, protein inhibits the 3'-end processing of cellular pre-mRNAs by binding the cellular protein: the 30-kDa subunit of CPSF (cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor, CPSF30). CPSF30 binding site of the NS1 protein is a potential target for the development of drugs against influenza A/H1N1 virus. A yeast two-hybrid screening system was constructed and used for screening Chinese medicines that inhibit the interaction of the A/H1N1 flu NS1 protein and human CPSF30 protein. The NS1 gene of A/H1N1 virus was amplified by consecutive polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and the human CPSF30 gene of HeLa cell cloned by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Then the two gene fragments confirmed by sequencing were subcloned into the yeast expression vectors pGBKT7 and pGADT7, respectively. The two constructs, bait vector pGBKNS1 and prey vector pGADCPSF, were co-transformed into yeast AH109. The eight individual yeast colonies were picked and subjected to verification by PCR/gel electrophoresis. The inhibition of the NS1-CPSF30 interaction was allowed the identification of selective inhibitors. The four of more than thirty identified Chinese medicines, including 'Shuanghuanglian oral liquid', showed the strong inhibition of the NS1-CPSF30 interaction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Base Sequence , Binding Sites , Cleavage And Polyadenylation Specificity Factor , Genetics , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Gene Amplification , HeLa Cells , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Genetics , Peptide Fragments , Genetics , Plasmids , Protein Binding , Transformation, Genetic , Two-Hybrid System Techniques , Viral Nonstructural Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1402-1409, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353348

ABSTRACT

The cyclotides are a family of cyclic "mini" proteins that occur in Violaceae, Rubiaceae and Cucurbitaceae plant families and contain a head-to-tail cyclic backbone and a cystine knot arranged by three disulfide bonds. To study the natural cyclotides of V tianshanica, dried herb was extracted with 50% ethanol, and the concentrated aqueous extract was subjected to a solvent-solvent partitioning between water and hexane, ethyl acetate and n-butanol, separately. The n-butanol extract containing cyclotides was subjected to column chromatography over Sephadex LH-20, eluted with 30% methanol. The subfractions were directly reduced by DTT and analyzed by reverse-phase HPLC. The peaks with different retention times were shown on the profile of RP-HPLC and collected. The cyclotides were speculated based on masses range from 3 000 to 3 500 Da. The purified cyclotides were reduced with DTT, alkylated with iodoacetamide, and then were cleaved with endoproteinase Glu-C, endoproteinase Lys-C and Trypsin, separately. The digested peptides were purified on RP-HPLC and analyzed on MALDI TOF/TOF analyzer. A new cyclotide, cycloviolacin T1 and a reported cyclotide varv E were systemically determined using MALDI TOF/TOF system. So the method for the isolation and characterization of cyclotides was quickly built up in succession.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Cyclotides , Chemistry , Molecular Sequence Data , Molecular Structure , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Viola , Chemistry
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 91-94, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232591

ABSTRACT

The technology of liquid fermentation for producing the recombinant analgesic peptide BmK AngM1 from Buthus martensii Karsch in Pichia pastoris was studied by single-factor and orthogonal test. The results showed that the optimal culture conditions were as follows: 1.2% methanol, 0.6% casamino acids, initial pH 6.0, and three times of basal inoculation volume. Under the above culture conditions, the expression level of recombinant BmK AngM1 in Pichia pastoris was above 500 mg x L(-1), which was more than three times of the control. The study has laid a foundation for the large-scale preparation of BmK AngM1 to meet the needs of theoretical research of BmK AngM1 and development of new medicines.


Subject(s)
Animals , Amino Acids , Pharmacology , Analgesics , Metabolism , Fermentation , Gene Expression , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Methanol , Pharmacology , Peptides , Metabolism , Pichia , Genetics , Metabolism , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Scorpion Venoms , Genetics , Metabolism , Scorpions , Chemistry
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1297-1303, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344082

ABSTRACT

Plasmid-carrying Saccharomyces cerevisia (W303-1B[pYeDP60/G/ADS]) and genome-transformed S. cerevisia (W303-1B[rDNA:ADS]), both harboring amorpha-4,11-diene synthase (ADS) gene were constructed to investigate the production of amorpha-4,11-diene. The recombinant plasmid pYeDP60/G/ADS that harbors the ADS gene was transformed into S. cerevisiae W303-1B, resulting in the engineered yeast W303-1B[pYeDP60/G/ADS], which contains multi-copies of the plasmid. The ADS gene expression cassette was obtained by PCR amplification of the pYeDP60/G/ADS template, and then introduced into S. cerevisiae W303-1B to obtain the engineered yeast W303-1B[rDNA:ADS], in which the ADS gene was integrated into the rDNA locus of the yeast genome through the homologous recombination. GC-MS analysis confirmed that both of the engineered yeasts could produce amorpha-4,11-diene. Moreover, the amorpha-4,11-diene yield of W303-1B[pYeDP60/G/ADS] was higher than that of W303-1B[rDNA:ADS]. Southern blot analysis showed that there is only one copy of ADS gene in the genome of W303-1B[rDNA:ADS]. It implied that the amorpha-4,11-diene yield can be improved by increasing the ADS gene copies.


Subject(s)
Alkyl and Aryl Transferases , Genetics , Metabolism , DNA, Ribosomal , Genetics , Fermentation , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Genetic Engineering , Methods , Genome, Fungal , Genetics , Plasmids , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Genetics , Metabolism , Sesquiterpenes , Metabolism , Transformation, Genetic
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1320-1327, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344077

ABSTRACT

Amorpha-4,11-diene synthase (ADS) can convert farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP) to amorpha-4, 11-diene, a precursor of artemisinin. ADS plays an important role in the biosynthesis of artemisinin. This review summarizes the molecular biology and metabolic engineering study of ADS in recent years. The genomic DNA and its cDNA sequences of amorpha-4, 11-diene synthase were cloned from Artemisia annua L. The cDNA encoding amorpha-4, 11-diene synthase contains a 1 641 bp open reading frame coding for 546 amino acids. ADS shows a broad pH optimum and an absolute requirement for divalent metal ions as cofactors. The specificity of ADS to the substrates and products is not high and the formation of amorpha-4, 11-diene by ADS from FPP is achieved by an initial 1, 6-closure with subsequent 1, 10-closure. The ADS cDNA cloned from Artemisia annua L, or totally synthesized by PCR, was introduced into different hosts including E. coli, S. cerevisiae, Nicotiana tabacum L. Arabidopsis thaliana and A. nidulans resulting in varied engineering microorganisms and cells producing amorpha-4, 11-diene. The way to improve the production of amorpha-4, 11-diene was investigated by two strategies such as improving the supply of substrate and directing FPP flux to amorpha-4, 11-diene production from competing pathways.


Subject(s)
Alkyl and Aryl Transferases , Genetics , Amino Acid Sequence , Antimalarials , Metabolism , Arabidopsis , Genetics , Artemisia annua , Genetics , Artemisinins , Metabolism , Aspergillus , Genetics , Metabolism , Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Complementary , Genetics , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Metabolism , Metabolic Engineering , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Genetics , Metabolism , Nicotiana , Genetics
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1157-1160, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232625

ABSTRACT

X5 protein is one of the putative unknown proteins of SARS-CoV. The recombinant protein has been successfully expressed in E. coli in the form of insoluble inclusion body. The inclusion body was dissolved in high concentration of urea. Affinity Chromatography was preformed to purify the denatured protein, and then the product was refolded in a series of gradient solutions of urea. The purified protein was obtained with the purity of > 95% and the yield of 93.3 mg x L(-1). Polyclonal antibody of this protein was obtained, and Western blotting assay indicated that the X5 protein has the strong property of antigen. Sixty-eight percent of the recombinant protein sequence was confirmed by LC-ESI-MS/MS analysis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Amino Acid Sequence , Antibodies , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Viral , Inclusion Bodies , Chemistry , Metabolism , Molecular Sequence Data , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus , Genetics , Viral Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 421-426, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277837

ABSTRACT

Phylogenetic relationship between Paecilomyces hepiali and Cordyceps sinensis was studied by analyzing the sequence of rDNA-ITS. The samples of C. sinensis were collected from Hualong County in Qinghai Province and Kangding County in Sichuan Province in May and June, respectively. The rDNA-ITS fragments were obtained by PCR amplification with the template genomic DNA of the fresh stroma or caterpillar body of the collected samples and the cultured mycelium of P. hepiali, with the universal fungal primers ITS1/ITS4. The amplified fragments were cloned into pMD18-T Vector and sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis was performed with these sequences and those from GenBank. The result showed that all of the 46 clones randomly chosen from the amplification of C. sinensis shared identical or almost identical rDNA-ITS regions and had over 99% identity with some rDNA-ITS sequences of Hirsutella sinensis and C. sinensis registered in GenBank, but all of them had only about 72% identity with that of P. hepiali. Two pairs of specific primers were designed based on the rDNA-ITS sequence of P. hepiali, then PCR and Nest-PCR were performed with the template genomic DNA of the stroma or caterpillar body of C. sinensis samples mentioned above. The apparent bands amplified by Nest-PCR were obtained from all of the samples, and the sequences showed 100% identity with the rDNA-ITS sequence of P. hepiali. In addition, another pair of specific primers were designed based on the rDNA-ITS sequence registered in GenBank as the marker of C. sinensis (accession no. AB067740) but the latter only shared 87.3% identity with that of H. sinensis (accession no. AJ309353). This pair of primers was used to amplify the C. sinensis samples by PCR, and the amplified sequence showed 100% identity with that of AB067740. The result indicated that H. sinensis is the main body of C. sinensis, while some other endoparasitic fungi such as P. hepiali commonly exist in the natural C. sinensis.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Cordyceps , Classification , Genetics , DNA, Fungal , Genetics , DNA, Ribosomal Spacer , Genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Paecilomyces , Classification , Genetics , Phylogeny , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Sequence Alignment , Sequence Analysis, DNA
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 766-772, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277798

ABSTRACT

The expression plasmid pET32CPS harboring SmCPS gene was transformed into E. coli BL21 trxB (DE3) resulting in recombinant strain E. coli [pET32CPS]. The induction of E. coli [pET32CPS] in different temperatures, induction time, IPTG concentrations and A600 values of E. coli were performed. The optimal expression conditions of SmCPS were characterized according to the orthogonal analysis, and the ratio of the interest protein to total proteins reached to 35.6%. The recombinant SmCPS protein purified by Ni2+ affinity chromatography column was identified by SDS-PAGE and Western blotting, and then used for rabbit immunization. The titer of the rabbit antiserum against SmCPS was about 1:24 300 after the third immunization, and could specifically recognize the antigen of SmCPS protein by Western blotting analysis. The successful preparation of polyclonal antibody against SmCPS laid a foundation for further correlative study between expression of SmCPS and the production of tanshinones in protein level.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Alkyl and Aryl Transferases , Genetics , Metabolism , Antibody Formation , Escherichia coli , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Immune Sera , Allergy and Immunology , Isopropyl Thiogalactoside , Chemistry , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Plasmids , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry , Temperature , Time Factors , Transformation, Genetic
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1000-1006, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268539

ABSTRACT

According to previous studies of SARS-CoV (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus), a variety of novel accessory genes have been identified in SARS-CoV genome, which were interspersed the structural genes of SARS-CoV and considered to be unique to the SARS-CoV genome. The predicted unknown proteins (PUPs) encoded by the accessory genes might play important roles in the SARS-CoV infection. Three of those genes, called X4, X5 and ORF10, were synthesized and introduced into E. coli to induce expression. SDS-PAGE and Western blotting revealed that the three genes have been expressed in E. coli. The induction of SARS PUPs genes expression in different temperatures, induction times, IPTG concentrations and A values of E. coli cells were performed. The optimal induction condition of SARS-CoV PUPs genes was characterized according to the orthorgonal analysis. The ratio of recombinant proteins of PUPs to total proteins is as follows: X4, 20%; X5, 27.8%; ORF10, 68.5% under the optimum conditions.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Viral , Genes, Viral , Genetic Vectors , Genome, Viral , Open Reading Frames , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus , Genetics , Temperature , Time , Viral Matrix Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Viral Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1314-1319, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268185

ABSTRACT

The gene encoding amorpha-4, 11-diene synthase was cloned from Artemisia annua L. Other two genes encoding the FPP synthase (FPPS) and HMG-CoA reductase (HMGR) were cloned from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The cloned cDNAs were confirmed by DNA sequencing. Two expression vectors were constructed, one is named pGBT9/A/HMG/FPP harboring genes for HMG-CoA reductase and FPP synthase and the other is pYeDP60/G/AS, containing the gene encoding amorpha-4,11-diene synthase. Two kinds of engineered yeast were constructed: the first was named WHT [AS], which contained the plasmid pYeDP60/G/AS; the second was WHT [HMG + FPP + AS], in which the vectors pGBT9/A/ HMG/FPP and pYeDP60/G/AS were introduced by cotransformation mediated with LiOAc and PEG4000. The positive clones were identified for further fermentations. The samples from fermentations were analyzed by GC-MS for amorpha-4,11-diene. The results show that engineered yeasts could produce amorpha-4,11-diene. Moreover, the amorpha-4,11-diene production of WHT[ HMG + FPP + AS] and WHT[ AS] were 23.6 mg x L(-1) and 10 microg x L(-1), respectively. Its concentrations were reported as equivalents of valencene. The results showed the copy number increase of HMGR and FPPS genes can improve the production of amorpha-4, 11-diene in the fermentation of engineered yeasts.


Subject(s)
Alkyl and Aryl Transferases , Genetics , Artemisia annua , Genetics , Fermentation , Gene Dosage , Genes, Plant , Genetic Engineering , Methods , Genetic Vectors , Geranyltranstransferase , Genetics , Metabolism , Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases , Genetics , Metabolism , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Genetics , Metabolism , Sesquiterpenes , Metabolism
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 358-365, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281893

ABSTRACT

Taxol is one of the most potent chemotherapeutic agents known, showing excellent activity against a range of cancers. In addition to anticancer, taxol has the effect of preventing graft arteriosclerosis, antiscaring formation and inhibiting angiogenesis. There are five possible routes to industrialize taxol production: isolation from the bark of the yew species, total synthesis, semisynthesis, tissue or cell culture, endophytic fungal fermentation and metabolism engineering. There are at least 14 genes related to the taxol biosynthesis had been cloned from yews and functionally expressed in different hosts. The combinational expression system of taxol makes progress as the clarification of biosynthetic pathway of taxol.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Chemistry , Arteriosclerosis , Genes, Plant , Genetic Engineering , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Paclitaxel , Chemistry , Taxoids , Chemistry , Taxus , Chemistry , Genetics
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307479

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Cloning and bioinformatics analysis of P450 cDNA in Artemisia annua.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A P450 cDNA gene was cloned from A. annua by RT-PCR. The bioinformatics analysis of the P450 gene was performed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The complete ORF of this P450 cDNA is 1 464 bp and encodes 488 aa. The sequence was reported to GenBank and coded as DQ667171. Bioinformatics analysis of the P450 cDNA showed it encoded an A-type P450 protein with 54. 992 kDa, it's isoelectric point was 8.83 and the possibility of export to mitochondria was 0.893 2.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The comparable analysis of the P450 with CYP71AV1 revealed that the two proteins probably performed the same function because of the similar character.</p>


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Artemisia annua , Genetics , Base Sequence , Cloning, Molecular , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Classification , Genetics , DNA, Complementary , Chemistry , Genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Open Reading Frames , Genetics , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Plants, Medicinal , Genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 445-448, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302789

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To modify the structure of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using hairy root cultures of Anisodus tanguticus to perform biotransformation of DHEA, using chromatographic and spectral techniques to isolate and identify the products.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The MS medium without plant hormone was suitable for the growth of the hairy root. (2) DHEA was converted into five products: androst-4-ene-3, 17-dione (I); 6alpha-hydroxyandrost-4-ene-3, 17-dione (II); 6alpha, 17beta-dihydroxyandrost-4-ene-3-one (III); androst-4-ene-3, 6, 17-trione (IV) and 17beta-hydroxyandrost-4-ene-3-one (V).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It is the first time to use hairy root cultures of Anisodus tanguticus for the biotransformation of DHEA and five DHEA-related compounds were obtained.</p>


Subject(s)
Androstenedione , Chemistry , Androstenes , Chemistry , Biotransformation , Culture Media , Dehydroepiandrosterone , Chemistry , Metabolism , Molecular Structure , Plant Roots , Metabolism , Plants, Medicinal , Metabolism , Solanaceae , Metabolism , Tissue Culture Techniques
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231370

ABSTRACT

Transformed hairy roots of Polygonium multiflorum Thunb. were obtained by the transformation of Agrobacterium rhizogenes LBA9402. It was clearly demonstrated that T-DNA of A. Rhizogenes Ri plasmid was integrated into the cells of hairy roots by the experiments of PCR and Southern hybridization. Through the screen of basic medium and the research of growth curve of hairy roots, the optimum inoculum time was selected in 30 days or so in the optimum condition-MS medium. On the condition, the content of rhein was 2.85 folds higher in hairy roots than that of natural plants by means of HPLC.


Subject(s)
Anthraquinones , Metabolism , Emodin , Organ Culture Techniques , Methods , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Polygonaceae , Chemistry , Cell Biology , Rhizobium , Genetics , Transformation, Genetic
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL