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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766084


PURPOSE: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a form of arteriosclerosis that occurs in the extremities and involves ischemia. Previous studies have reported that patients with periodontitis are at high risk for PAD. However, the relationship between these 2 diseases has not yet been fully elucidated. In this cross-sectional study, we investigated this relationship by comparing patients with PAD to those with arrhythmia (ARR) as a control group. METHODS: A large-scale survey was conducted of patients with cardiovascular disease who visited Tokyo Medical and Dental University Hospital. We investigated their oral condition and dental clinical measurements, including probing pocket depth, bleeding on probing, clinical attachment level, and number of missing teeth; we also collected salivary and subgingival plaque samples and peripheral blood samples. All patients with PAD were extracted from the whole population (n = 25), and a matching number of patients with ARR were extracted (n = 25). Simultaneously, ARR patients were matched to PAD patients in terms of age, gender, prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity, and the smoking rate (n = 25 in both groups). Real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to measure the bacterial counts, while the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method was used to measure anti-bacterial antibody titers and proinflammatory cytokine levels in serum. RESULTS: PAD patients had more missing teeth (18.4±2.0) and higher serum levels of C-reactive protein (1.57±0.85 mg/dL) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (70.3±5.7 pg/mL) than ARR patients (12.0±1.7, 0.38±0.21 mg/dL, and 39.3±4.5 pg/mL, respectively). Meanwhile, no statistically significant differences were found in other dental clinical measurements, bacterial antibody titers, or bacterial counts between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that PAD patients had poorer oral and periodontal state with enhanced systemic inflammation.

Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Arteriosclerosis , Bacterial Load , C-Reactive Protein , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dyslipidemias , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Extremities , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hypertension , Inflammation , Ischemia , Methods , Obesity , Periodontitis , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Prevalence , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Smoke , Smoking , Tooth , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha