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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-365958


Arterial reconstructions for iliac artery obstruction (IAO) were performed in 81 patients (70 males and 11 females) with arteriosclerosis obliterans (80) and thromboangiitis obliterans (1) from January 1979 to January 1991. Ages ranged from 36 to 79 with a median age of 63.4. Aortofemoral bypass (AF-B) was performed in 46 cases (including 21 Y graft patients), thromboendarterectomy (TEA) in 11, femoro-femoral cross-over bypass (FF-B) in 26 and axillo-femoral bypass (AXF-B) in 2. No patients in the AF-B, TEA or AXF-B group showed postoperative early occlusion, while two in the FF-B group had early occlusion. The bypass flow measured intra-operatively using an electro-magnetic flowmeter was 50-1, 100 (average 382) ml/min in the AF-B, 190-500 (331) ml/min in the TEA, 90-650 (219) ml/min in the FF-B, and 200ml/min in the AXF-B group. Two patients died; one from ischemic colitis and the other from myonephropathic metabolic syndrome. The long-term cumulative patency rates at 1, 2 and 5 years were 100, 96, and 96% in the AF-B, 100, 100, and 100% in the TEA, and 90, 84, 63% in the FF-B group, respectively. The two AXF-B cases had good patency one year and three years postoperatively. AF-B should be recommended for aorto-iliac obstruction even in high risk patients as long as severe heart disease is absent, because of the long-term patency rate. An additional bypass to the popliteal region should be performed, if bypass flow to the distal region is low.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-365882


Two patients with an aorto-iliac arteriovenous fistula as a complication of abdominal aortic aneurysms were presented. Both patients showed pulsating abdominal mass, and swelling of unilateral leg. The fistula was preoperatively diagnosed in one and in another it was suspected intraoperatively by careful palpation of continuous thrill on the aneurysm. Successful surgical management was accomplished in both patients. Awareness of this clinical entities is necessary to manage this rare complication in abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-365762


Rupture of the posterior wall of the left ventricle is rare but it is one of the fatal complications which can follow mitral valve replacement (MVR). Of 216 MVR patients, including 51 who had double valve replacements, we have had four patients (1.9%) with this complication. The rupture occurred on the table in one patient and about 40 to 90min after entering ICU in the others. All the ruptures were repaired under cardiopulmonary bypass and cardioplegic arrest. The site of rupture was type I in two cases and type II in the other two. Two patients expired. One patient who had been repaired in the operating room died from multiple organ failure after a stormy course of two week's duration, and one who had been repaired in ICU died from uncontrollable hemorrhage. In the remaining two patients, one with a type I and one with a type II rupture, successful treatment in ICU was achieved by suturing an equine pericardial patch to the normal endocardium and mitral ring over the entire area of laceration through endocardial site after removal of the valve prosthesis in the first place, and then wrapping the area of epicardial laceration with another equine patch. In order to reduce mortality in patients with left ventricular rupture, repair from inside of the heart using an equine patch described above was very effective, and the preparation to perform the operation immediately after the onset of rupture in ICU is an important consideration as well.