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Novelty in Biomedicine. 2013; 1 (1): 1-7
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-160733


The purpose of this study is to examine personality traits in renal patients undergoing haemodialysis [HD] and its connection to depression, anxiety, and life quality. In this study we also aim to propose an intervention for treatment and prevention of these personality traits. This cross-sectional study was performed on 70 patients affected by chronic renal failure undergoing haemodialysis treatment. Patients were selected based on an accessible sample. Required data were gathered through questioners: Hospital Anxiety and Depression, NEO-FFL, and SF-36 Health Survey. Based on the results obtained from this study 47.1% of patients undergoing HD treatment fall into the abnormal category according to the rate of depression. There is a positive meaningful correlation between conscientiousness and agreeableness and a negative correlation between extroversion, anxiety, and depression in life quality of renal patients. With respect to the correlation existing between the quality of life and the personality traits, anxiety and depression, in patients under HD treatment, life quality and treatment outcome can be improved if psychological problems are diagnosed early and psycho education and social interventions are presented

Arab Journal of Gastroenterology. 2011; 12 (3): 150-153
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-113210


Uraemic patients show susceptibility to gastrointestinal mucosal lesions and colonisation by Helicobacter pylori [HP]. Antibiotic resistance constitutes a problem in treatment and bismuth preparations are toxic in uraemic patients. This study aimed to assess the correlation between creatinine clearance [CrCl] and eradication of HP infection with new sequential and standard triple therapeutic regimens. A total of 120 HP-positive patients with renal function impairment and 60 control patients with HP infection were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into four groups on the basis of CrCl and were randomly assigned to one of the two different regimens: A 14-day standard triple therapy with 20 mg omeprazole bid, 1000 mg amoxicillin bid and 500 mg clarithromycin bid and a new sequential regimen with 20 mg omeprazole bid and 1000 mg amoxicillin bid both for 14 days, 500 mg ciprofloxacin bid for the first 7 days and 200 mg furazolidone bid for the last 7 days. Doses of amoxicillin, clarithromycin and ciprofloxacin were reduced to 50% in the cases of CrCl <30 mg dl[-1] One hundred and sixty two out of 180 HP-positive patients [54.3% male, 51.6 +/- 12.1 years] completed treatment in the four groups and were studied. According to renal function they were classified into group A [n = 39], haemodialysis [HD] patients; group B [n = 37], CrCl <30 mg dl[-1] without HD; group C [n = 36], CrCl between 30 and 60 mg dl[-1]; and group D [n = 50], control subjects with CrCl >90 mg dl[-1]. HP was successfully eradicated in 77.7% of patients with standard triple therapy and in 81.4% of patients with the sequential therapy. There was no significant difference among the study groups in the rate of HP-infection eradication with both regimens. HP eradication rates did not differ with both sequential and standard therapeutic regimens in uraemic and non-uraemic patients. We, therefore, prefer the standard triple therapy due to its simplicity and reported

IJKD-Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases. 2010; 4 (1): 20-26
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-93071


Bone marrow transplantation [BMT] is a major modality for malignant and hematologic disorders. This procedure is associated with a high morbidity and mortality such as acute kidney injury [AKI]. Many factors, such as therapeutic agents, irradiation, and graft versus host disease [GVHD] can cause AKI. Bone marrow transplantation conditioning therapy in Iran is based on drugs such as busulfan and cyclophosphamide and without irradiation therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency, risk factors, and mortality of AKI among patients who underwent BMT. Acute kidney injury was defined as doubling serum creatinine from baseline at any time during the first 180 days posttransplant. The risk of AKI in relation to non-total-body-irradiation-based conditioning regimen, type of graft [allograft and autograft], comorbidities, GVHD, drug toxicity, and veno-occlusive disease were examined in 375 patients with BMT. One hundred and forty-two patients [37.6%] developed AKI at a median of 18 days after transplant. A higher frequency of AKI was observed in patients who received cyclosporine A [40%], patients with allograft BMT [42.1%], and those who developed gastrointestinal GVHD [47.3%] .The remainder AKI cases were associated with amphotericin B, veno-occlusive disease, and hemolytic-uremic syndrome. The frequency of AKI in our patients with BMT remained high. Cyclosporine A and amphotericin B and the presence of GVHD and veno-occlusive disease increased the risk of AKI within the first 180 days after BMT

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Middle Aged , Adult , Risk Factors , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Graft vs Host Disease , Treatment Outcome , Kidney Transplantation/mortality