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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362026


A 79-year-old woman with degenerative mitral regurgitation and secondary tricuspid regurgitation underwent mitral and tricuspid repair. Massive and intractable endobronchial hemorrhage occurred during weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Bronchoscopic examination during CPB revealed that the right distal bronchus was the probable bleeding point. We then performed a double-lumen endotracheal tube and a bronchial blocker in the distal portion of the right main bronchus. In addition, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) with a heparin-coating system was performed for 11 h, without extra heparinization because of severe hypoxia. The bronchial blocker was removed 14 h later, and the patient was weaned from ECMO 19 h after admission into ICU. Postoperative computed tomography (CT) revealed a pseudoaneurysm of the right pulmonary artery (A<sup>5</sup>b) corresponding with the probable site of bronchial bleeding (B<sup>5</sup>). We speculate that a pulmonary artery catheter induced this endobronchial hemorrhage. At 3 months after surgery the patient was doing well with no symptoms of airway bleeding, and her abnormal CT findings had disappeared.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367249


Pulse wave velocity is widely used as an index of arterial stiffness. The aim of this study is to assess the usefulness of pulse wave velocity as a risk factor in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. Arterial stiffness was measured by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and the ratio of the patient's baPWV to the age-matched normal value was calculated in 42 CABG patients. Age and male/female ratios were 66.7 years and 33/9, respectively. baPWV (1, 820.7±459.8cm/s) was higher in CABG patients than that in age-matched normal value. Preoperatively, the baPWV ratio in the group with the history of cerebrovascular disease was significantly higher than that in the group who had no cerebrovascular disease (<i>p</i><0.05). In contrast, the baPWV ratio did not correlate to the severity of other cardiovascular diseases. There was one (2.4%) in-hospital death and 23 incidences of postoperative complication in 16 patients. The baPWV ratio in the group with postoperative complications was significantly higher than that in the group with no complications (1.38±0.33 vs. 1.16±0.22; <i>p</i><0.05). In this study, baPWV in CABG patients was higher compared with that in the age-matched general population, indicating the existence of atherosclerotic vascular changes. The elevated bePWV is also a risk factor of postoperative complications in patients who have undergone CABG.