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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367273


A 50-year-old man who had coronary artery bypass grafting (LITA-LAD, RA-RCA, SVG-OM-PL) 6 years previously was admitted with acute dissection of the aorta (DeBakey type I). Preoperative computed tomography showed that all coronary bypass grafts were patent. We replaced the graft of the ascending aorta and reconstructed the coronary artery bypass by re-sternotomy, circulatory arrest (rectal temperature: 23.6°C), retrograde cerebral perfusion, and intermittent retrograde cardioplegia. Because a radial artery (RA) graft and a saphenous vein graft (SVG) each had intact orifices, we detached them together and attached the grafts back to the aortic graft wall. He was weaned successfully from cardiopulmonary bypass without difficulty and postoperative transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) showed good left ventricle (LV) function. Postoperative multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) showed that the RA graft and SVG were patent. By performing circulatory arrest and intermittent retrograde cardioplegia, we successfully protected the myocardial function of a patient with acute aorta dissection after a CABG and we reconstructed the graft without needing further coronary anastomosis.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366618


Rheumatic tricuspid stenosis has become rare recently. A 54-year-old woman had undergone mitral valve replacement with a Carpentier-Edwards bioprosthesis for mitral stenosis 22 years previously and had undergone repeat mitral valve replacement for prosthetic valve failure 10 years later. She was admitted with severe leg edema. Cardiac catheterization revealed pulmonary hypertension and tricuspid stenosis with a diastolic pressure gradient of 6mmHg across the tricuspid valve. Tricuspid valve replacement was performed with a Hancock bioprosthesis. The postoperative course was uneventful and her edema improved markedly. This case suggested that careful follow-up to detect progression of tricuspid stenosis is necessary in patients with rheumatic valve disease and pulmonary hypertension.