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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366761


A 51-year-old woman suffered from a sudden onset of anterior chest pain and was referred to our hospital on the suspicion of an anginal attack. The exercise ECG showed findings of an anterior lesion and ischemia. Coronary angiography also revealed left anterior descending branch fistula and circumflex branch fistula connecting to the main pulmonary artery trunk. Direct closure was performed for both intra-pulmonary openings under cardiopulmonary bypass. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient did not show any precordial pain. Coronary angiography showed no coronary organic narrowing, but contrast medium remained in the fistulae although there was no left to right shunt. Ligation of the fistulae had to be performed simultaneously to confirm complete obstruction of the coronary-pulmonary arterial fistulae. The antiplatlet agent is administered to the patient to prevent occurring myocardial infarction caused by thrombus which might be formed in fistulae.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366480


This paper describes a very rare case of both ventricular septal defect (VSD) and atrial septal defect (ASD) associated with pulmonary hypertension (PH) successfully repaired via a right thoracotomy in infant with right lung aplasia. A 4-month old infant was admitted to our hospital because of congenital heart disease and right lung abnormalities. Roentogenograms revealed complete opacity of the right hemithorax, with a shift of the mediastinum and the heart to the right. Computed tomography of the chest showed the absence of the right lung and a right bronchus remnant. Therefore, a dignosis of aplasia of the right lung was made at this point. Echocardiogram confirmed VSD and ASD, both of which were 5-mm in diameter, and associated with PH. At the age of 1 year and 7 months, cardiac catheterization was performed, showing pulmonary hypertension with a systolic pulmonary-to-systemic pressure ratio (P<sub>p</sub>/P<sub>s</sub>) of 0.66. Tolazoline hydrochloride decreased pulmonary vascular resistance (R<sub>p</sub>) from 6.92 units·m<sup>2</sup> to 3.11 units·m<sup>2</sup>. The operation, under cardiopulmonary bypass, was performed via a right thoracotomy approach, because of severe counterclockwise rotation of the heart. VSD and ASD were closed by primary suturing. This approach offered excellent exposure of the intracardiac anatomy in our case. An intraoperative pressure study showed normal pulmonary arterial pressure, the P<sub>p</sub>/P<sub>s</sub> decreased to 0.33. The postoperative course was uneventful.