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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448012

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the relationship between pulse wave velocity(PWV) and carotid atherosclerosis by UltraFast imaging.Methods 476 cases from Medical Examination Center of Beijing Friendship Hospital were enrolled in this study.According to intima-media thickness(IMT) of carotid artery,all subjects were divided into two groups:IMT without thickening group (G0) of 283 cases and IMT thickening group (G1) of 193 cases.Through UltraFast imaging,carotid artery PWV was measured,including the PWV at the beginning of the systole(BS) and the PWV at the ending of the systole(ES).Carotid IMT and plaque situation were recorded under gray-scale ultrasound.BS and ES were compared between the two groups.Spearman rank correlation was used to analyse the correlation between IMT of carotid artery and BS,between IMT of carotid artery and ES.Two independent samples t test to compare BS,ES between the two groups.Results BS of G1 and G0 were (6.03 ± 1.33)m/s and (5.51 ± 1.13)m/s,t =-4.571,P =0.000;ES of G1 and G0 were (8.42 ± 2.13)m/s and (7.34 ± 2.02) m/s,t =5.619,P =0.000.BS and ES of G1 were larger those of G0 respectively.BS (r =0.192,P =0.000) and ES (r =0.249,P =0.000) were correlated with the IMT of carotid artery.Conclusions Ultrafast imaging technique can quickly measure the carotid artery PWV.BS and ES of carotid artery can be quick,convenient,safe,noninvasive parameters for evaluating carotid atherosclerosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425179

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate hepatic perfusion assessed by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) for predicting cirrhosis accurately and non-invasively.Methods Forty patients with cirrhosis and twenty-five healthy controls were given CEUS examination,and time-intensity curves were drawn as the regions of interest located in liver parenchyma by using QLAB analyzing soft.The parameters of the two groups as follows:intensity of arterial perfusion (Iap),intensity of total perfusion of liver parenchyma (Ipeak),intensity of portal venous perfusion (Ipp),the ratio of portal venous perfusion and total perfusion (Ipp/Ipeak) were compared by independent-samples t test,and the diagnostic value of parameters were analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Resnlts Iap was bigger,while Ipp,Ipp/Ipeak were smaller in patients than that in controls( P <0.001 ).But there was no significant difference on Ipeak between the two groups.When Iap,Ipp,Ipp/Ipeak were used for the diagnosis of cirrhosis,the sensitivity were 67.3 %,92.7%,96.4% and the specificity were 80.0%,96.0%,92.3%,respectively.Conclusions CEUS can reflect the changes of the blood perfusion of cirrhotic liver.CEUS parameters Iap,Ipp,Ipp/Ipeak are significant different between the two groups and can be the non-invasive diagosis parameters of cirrhosis.

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