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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877629

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical curative effect on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and explore the relevant mechanism of acupuncture in treatment.@*METHODS@#A total of 100 ADHD children were randomized into an observation group (50 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (50 cases, 1 case dropped off). In the control group, the routine psychological intervention was used. In the observation group, on the base of the treatment as the control group, acupuncture was applied to Taichong (LR 3), Neiguan (PC 6), Shenmen (HT 7), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), etc., once daily, for 3 months. The Cambridge neuropsychological tests automated battery (CANTAB) was adopted to evaluate attention and response inhibition in two groups before and after treatment. Digi-Lite color transcranial Doppler was used to measure cerebral arterial blood velocity. The therapeutic effect was compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Regarding evaluation of attention, the mean delay time in the observation group after treatment was shorter than that before treatment and that in the control group separately (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture combined with psychological intervention may improve attention and response inhibition in ADHD children, which is possibly related to the regulation of cerebral blood flow.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/therapy , Cerebrovascular Circulation , Child , Humans , Psychosocial Intervention
2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 75-80, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817381

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE:To compare the effectiveness and economics of peramivir and oseltamivir in the treatment of influenza complicated with febrile seizures in children. METHODS:In retrospective study,152 children with influenza complicated with febrile seizures were collected from our hospital during Dec. 2018 to Mar. 2019.They were divided into peramivir group(81 cases) and oseltamivir group (71 cases). Fever remission time, medication duration, hospital duration, clinical efficacy (determined by convulsion,cough,nasal obstruction,runny nose,sore throat,etc.),the incidence of rash,the number of children with combined antibiotic and TCM were compared between 2 groups. Cost-effectiveness analysis was used to evaluate cost-effectiveness ratio(CER)and incremental cost-effectiveness ratio(ICER)of medication regimen in 2 groups. The sensitivity analysis of the effect and total cost were carried out with Logistic regression and multiple linear regression respectively through CER and ICER calculated by reducing 15% drug price. RESULTS:There was no statistical significance in fever remission time, medication duration,hospitalization duration,the incidence of rash and proportion of children with combined antibiotics between 2 groups(P>0.05). There was statistical significance in proportion of children with combined TCM and clinical effect,and the proportion of children with combined TCM in peramivir group was significantly lower than oseltamivir group(P<0.001). Clinical effect of peramivir group was significantly better than that of oseltamivir group(P=0.021). Total cost of peramivir group and oseltamivir group were 5 442.84 yuan/person and 5 571.71 yuan/person(P=0.795);CER of them were 54.47 and 56.51;ICER of peramivir group was - 89.38. The results of sensitivity analysis were consistent with those of basic analysis.CONCLUSIONS: Compared with oseltamivir,peramivir is more effective and less costly for children with influenza and febrile seizures.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879780

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association between maternal Th1/Th2 immune level at different pregnancy stages and cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) in infants.@*METHODS@#The healthy women with a singleton pregnancy, as well as their offspring, who attended Yidu Central Hospital of Weifang and Qingzhou Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital from July 2016 to December 2018 were enrolled. The maternal levels of interleukin-2 (IL-2), interferon gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin-4 (IL-4), and interleukin-10 (IL-10) at the second and third trimesters of pregnancy were measured. A CMPA questionnaire survey was conducted within one year after birth. Food avoidance and cow's milk oral challenge tests were performed in infants suspected of CMPA. The 48 infants who met the diagnostic criteria for CMPA were included in the observation group, and the remaining 977 normal infants were included in the control group. A univariate analysis was performed on the infants with CMPA. A Poisson regression analysis was used to determine the association between maternal Th1/Th2 immune factors at different pregnancy stages and CMPA.@*RESULTS@#The detection rate of CMPA was 4.68%. The clinical manifestations included the symptoms of the digestive system, skin, and respiratory system and other symptoms. The univariate analysis showed that compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly higher incidence rates of maternal food allergy and maternal history of allergic diseases (P<0.05) and a significantly lower breastfeeding rate (P<0.05). The observation group had significantly lower maternal levels of IL-2 (second and third trimesters) and IFN-γ (third trimester) than the control group (P<0.05). Maternal low IFN-γ at the third trimester and maternal low IL-2 at the second and third trimesters were significantly associated with CMPA in infants (P<0.05). After correction of the factors of breastfeeding, maternal food allergy, and maternal history of allergic diseases, it was found that maternal low IL-2 and IFN-γ at the third trimester were still significantly associated with CMPA in infants (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The maternal decrease in Th1 level at the third trimester of pregnancy may lead to the change in fetal immunity and thus increase the risk of CMPA in offspring.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Animals , Breast Feeding , Cattle , Female , Humans , Infant , Milk Hypersensitivity , Milk Proteins/immunology , Pregnancy
4.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 599-604, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844271

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of acupuncture plus medication in the treatment of poor ovarian response (POR) patients and to explore its mechanisms in assisting pregnancy. METHODS: A total of 100 volunteer POR women undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transplantation (IVF-ET) were recruited in the present study. On the 1st cycle of IVF-ET, these POR women received microstimulation of ovulation program (oral administration of Clomiphene, muscular injection of Menotrophin, Chorionic Gonadotrophin triggering, etc.). Before receiving the 2nd period of IVF-ET, these patients were equally and randomly divided into control, medication (Climen, composed of estradiol valerate and cyproterone acetate), acupuncture and acupuncture+medication (combined treatment) groups according to the random number table. Patients of the medication group were asked to orally take Climen (1 tablet/d for 21 days) beginning from the 3rd day of the menstruation, which was repeated for 3 menstrual cycles. Patients of the acupuncture group received manual acupuncture stimulation of Guanyuan (CV4), and bilateral Taixi (KI3), Sanyinjiao (SP6) of and Tai-chong (LR3) from day 8 to 15 of menstruation (follicular phase), once daily for 3 menstrual cycles. On the 2nd day of menstruation of the 1st and 2nd IVF-ET cycle, the ovarian reserve function was detected, including measurement of serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and estradiol (E2) contents by using radioimmunoassay, and serum anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) level by using ELISA, and the antral follicles count (AFC) of the ovaries by using a color Doppler ultrasonic diagnosis apparatus. At the end of ovulation induction, the assisted pregnancy indexes and outcomes were detected, including administration of dosage and days of gonadotropin (Gn), the diameter of dominant oocyte, level of E2 on the trigger day, the numbers of ultrasound-guided-retrieved oocyte and the cultivated high-quality embryo (grade 1 and 2). RESULTS: After the treatment, the contents of serum FSH, LH and E2 in the medication, acupuncture and combined treatment groups were significantly reduced (P0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture combined with medication improves the level of endocrinal hormones and ovarian reservation function in POR women undergoing IVF-ET, benefiting the ovary environment of pregnancy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754595

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of endoscopic drug therap on hemostasis, re-bleeding and the risk of occurrence of complication in patients with acute esophageal and gastric variceal bleeding (EGVB). Methods A retrospective method was conducted, and 100 patients with EGVB who were admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Yan'an University from June 2015 to June 2017 were enrolled. According to the difference in treatment methods, they were divided into an endoscopy Sclerotherapy and Ligation group and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) group, 50 cases in each group. The TIPS group was treated with TIPS; the endoscopy Sclerotherapy and Ligation group underwent endoscopic variceal sclerotherapy, endoscopic esophageal variceal ligation and postoperative non-selective β blockers oral administration. After 2 years of follow-up, the patients' hemostasis, re-bleeding at acute stage, survival situation and the incidences of complications were recorded. Before treatment and 2 weeks after treatment, the levels of serum albumin (Alb), total bilirubin (TBil) and platelet count (PLT) were measured by Hitachi automatic biochemical analyzer in the two groups. Results The success rate of hemostasis in the endoscopy Sclerotherapy and Ligation group was significantly higher than that in the TIPS group [98.0% (49/50) vs. 82.0% (41/50) ], and the recurrence rate of varices, during 1- and 2-year follow-up, the recurrence rate of bleeding and the incidences of complications were significantly lower than those in TIPS group [the recurrence rate of varicose veins: 6.0% (3/50) vs. 24.0 (12/50), 1-year re-bleeding rate: 12.0% (6/50) vs. 30.0% (15/50), 2-year re-bleeding rate: 42.0% (21/50) vs. 66.0% (33/50), esophageal ulcer: 2.0% (1/50) vs. 14.0% (7/50), upper abdominal discomfort: 2.0% (1/50) vs. 14.0% (7/50), hepatic encephalopathy:4.0% (2/50) vs. 16.0% (8/50), chest pain: 6.0% (3/50) vs. 20.0% (10/50), all P < 0.05]. After treatment, the levels of Alb and PLT in the endoscopy Sclerotherapy and Ligation group were higher than those in the TIPS group [Alb (g/L):43.84±4.34 vs. 40.83±3.21, PLT (×109/L): 26.33±3.37 vs. 21.12±3.89, both P < 0.05], and the TBil was lower than that in the TIPS group (μmol/L: 13.82±4.32 vs. 19.33±4.59). Conclusion Endoscopic Sclerotherapy and Ligation can significantly improve the effect of hemostasis of patients with acute EGVB, the rate of re-bleeding does not increase compared with that of western medicine group using TIPS, and the incidences of complications are significantly lower than those of applying TIPS.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765934

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: High-resolution anorectal manometry (HRAM) has been considered a first-line diagnostic tool for functional defecation disorder. However, clinical studies on HRAM used in constipation patients are very limited and few studies have reported the characteristics of anorectal pressure in Chinese patients. The aim of this study is to investigate the characteristics of motility data in a cohort of Chinese patients with functional constipation. METHODS: A total of 82 consecutive patients with functional constipation who underwent a standardized HRAM were retrospectively enrolled in this study. The functional defecation disorder was classified into Rao's types. RESULTS: The mean age of 82 patients was 51 years (range, 16–83 years). Indications for anorectal manometry were functional constipation for all patients. The mean resting pressure was 69.2 ± 21.2 mmHg (range, 24.5–126.9 mmHg). The mean maximum squeezing pressure was 198.4 ± 75.6 mmHg (range, 54.2–476.9 mmHg). The mean length of the anal high pressure zone was 3.4 ± 1.0 cm (range, 0.6–4.9 cm). Sixty (73.2%) patients were diagnosed as functional defecation disorder. In attempted defecation, type I was most common (n = 24), followed by type II (n = 12), type III (n = 11), and type IV (n = 13) that were present on HRAM according to Rao's classification. In all 60 patients with functional defecation disorder, 37 were women and 23 were men. Men were significantly more likely than women to have functional defecation disorder (92.0% vs 64.9%, P = 0.014). CONCLUSION: HRAM could be used as a test for the diagnosis of functional defecation disorder and functional defecation disorder is common in Chinese patients with functional constipation.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Classification , Cohort Studies , Constipation , Defecation , Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Male , Manometry , Retrospective Studies
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1344-1350, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780006

ABSTRACT

Flavonol glycoside is in clinical trials for treatment of hyperlipidemia. An accurate and sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of flavonol glycoside (M0), aglycone (M1) and glucuronide conjugate (M2) in rat plasma. d6-Flavonol glycoside was used as internal standard (IS). After extraction from the plasma by protein precipitation, the analytes and internal standard were separated on a XDB C18 column (50 mm×4.6 mm, 1.8 μm) using a gradient elution procedure. The mobile phase consisted of methanol and water (0.2% formic acid) at a flow rate of 0.6 mL·min−1. The total run time was 4.5 min. Positive electrospray ionization was performed using multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) with transitions of m/z 461.3 → m/z 299.1 for M0, m/z 299.1 → m/z 283.1 for M1, m/z 475.0 → m/z 299.1 for M2, and m/z 467.3 → m/z 305.1 for d6-flavonol glycoside. The method was validated and successfully applied to the pharmacokinetics study of flavonol glycoside in SD rats which were given flavonol glycoside (30 mg·kg−1) by gavage. The Cmaxof M0 is (341 ±106) ng·mL−1 and AUC0−t is (1 960 ±725) h·ng·mL−1, while the Cmaxof M2 is (1 720 ±843) ng·mL−1and AUC0−t is (8 510 ±2 920) h·ng·mL−1. The results suggest that flavonol glycoside existed mainly in the form of M0 and M2 in rats. After flavonol glycoside being hydrolyzed by the intestinal flora, it was absorbed in the form of aglycone and further metabo­lized to M2 after the first-pass effect. In this paper, the main metabolites of flavonol glycoside in rat plasma were determined for the first time, which provided a basis for the design of clinical pharmacokinetic experiment.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702007

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics and risk factors of feeding intolerance in preterm infants.Methods From March 2015 to February 2017,a total of 156 preterm infants in the Central Hospital of Rizhao were selected.Of them,96 feeding intolerance premature infants were selected as the observation group,and 60 feeding tolerance premature infants were selected as the control group.The clinical characteristics of the two groups were analyzed,and the risk factors of feeding intolerance in preterm infants were analyzed by logistics multivariate analysis.Results In the infants with gestational age <30 weeks,abdominal distension(34.6%)and gastric reten-tion(50.0%)had the highest incidence rate.In the infants with gestational age 33 -37 weeks and weighing more than 2 500g,the incidence rate of vomiting (45.0%)was highest.In the infants with open milk time no less than 72h,the incidence rate of vomiting(39.3%),abdominal distension(35.7%),gastric retention(44.6%)were signifi-cantly higher than those of the infants with open milk time less than 72h.In the infants with gestational age <30 weeks,the proportion of hypoglycemia(23.1%),significantly reduced body mass(19.2%)were significantly higher than those of the other gestational age,the differences were statistically significant(χ2=5.682,4.235,3.452,4.763, 5.526,3.984,6.224,5.341,all P<0.05).Compared with the control group,in the observation group,the gestational age[(30.4 ±1.3)weeks vs.(33.6 ±2.6)weeks]was smaller,birth weight[(1693 ±467)g vs.(1868 ±537)g]was lower,open milk time[(46.8 ±18.8)h vs.(32.7 ±17.7)h]and defecation time[(58.6 ±12.8)h vs.(39.6 ± 10.6)h]were later,the proportion of the use of respirator(32 cases vs.9 cases),premature rupture of membranes (26 cases vs.6 cases),early pregnancy(51cases vs.15 cases)and perinatal diseases(49 cases vs.12 cases)were higher,the differences were statistically significant(t =5.675,4.967,9.367,7.678,χ2=6.523,5.564,6.652, 7.157,all P<0.05).Logistics multivariate analysis showed that gestational age <33 weeks,birth weight<1500 g, open milk time>3d,ventilator and preterm infants were independent risk factors for feeding intolerance in preterm infants.Conclusion The common clinical manifestations of feeding intolerance in premature infants include vomi-ting,abdominal distension and gastric retention.Gestational age less than 33 weeks,birth weight<1500 g,open milk time>3d,ventilator and preterm infants are independent risk factors for feeding intolerance in preterm infants.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698160

ABSTRACT

Background:TIPE2 is a newly identified negative regulator of innate and adaptive immunity that maintains immune homeostasis and immune tolerance. It has been demonstrated that TIPE2 is expressed in a wide variety of tissues and organs in humans. Aims:To investigate the expression of TIPE2 in peripheral blood and colonic mucosa of patients with ulcerative colitis(UC)and non-UC subjects,and to explore the role of TIPE2 in the initiation and development of UC. Methods:Forty-two peripheral blood samples and 30 colonic mucosa samples from patients with active UC were collected during Jan. 2015 to Aug. 2016 at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xian Jiaotong University. Peripheral blood and colonic mucosa samples from non-UC subjects were served as controls. Real-time PCR and immunohistochemical staining were used to detect the mRNA and protein expressions of TIPE2 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and colonic mucosal tissues, respectively. Results:Expression level of TIPE2 mRNA in peripheral blood of UC patients had a trend to increase but no significant difference was found between UC patients and the controls(P >0.05). When classified by Truelove-Witts severity index,there was no significant difference among patients with severe,moderate and mild UC(P >0. 05). Expression level of TIPE2 protein was significantly higher in colonic mucosa of UC patients than that of the controls(P<0.05);the expression level increased with increase of histological grade of UC,but the difference was not statistically significant(P > 0.05). Conclusions:Increased colonic expression of TIPE2 might contribute to the initiation and development of UC.

10.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 154-156,160, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692400

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyse the efficiency of EX16+10Y kit on the forensic detection of the Uygur in Xinjiang province. Methods The blood samples were extracted from 4620 male individuals of Uygur in Xinjiang province, and amplified by EX16+10Y kit. The typing of amplification products was per-formed by 3130xl genetic analyzer. Results The genotyping graphs of 15 autosomal STR loci and 10 Y-chromosomal STR loci from 4620 male individuals of Uygur in Xinjiang province were acquired completely. The genotype distribution of 15 autosomal STR loci was consistent with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The heterozygosity, polymorphism information content and discrimination power of STR loci were 0.637-0.838, 0.580-0.860 and 0.811-0.978, respectively. There were 766 haplotypes in 10 Y -chro-mosomal STR loci. Conclusion The test results of EX16+10Y kit is accurate and trustworthy, which can simultaneously be used for the individual identification and the screening of paternal pedigree in practical work.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665468

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the thermal effects of the second-generation argon plasma coagulation (VIO APC/APC2) on ex vivo human stomach tissue with different mode ,output power and application time .Methods The thermal effects of VIO APC were studied on fresh surgery-resected human stomach tissues .Different output powers were combined with mode "forced (F )","pulse , effect 1 (P1 )" and "pulse , effect 2 (P2 )";three application time ,the depth and maximum diameter of each injury were recorded .Results The depth of tissue injuries was correlated with output power (P<0 .001) ,energy (P=0 .008) and mode (P=0 .013) .The maximum diameter of injuries was correlated with output power (P<0 .001) ,application duration (P=0 .001) ,energy (P<0 .001) and mode (P=0 .001) .The incidence of harmful damage was only related to mode (P=0 .012) .The depth of tissue injuries was P1> F> P2 (P<0 .05) ,and the maximum diameter of injuries was P2> P1> F (P<0 .05) . Conclusion Different modes of VIO APC can create different thermal effects on the gastric tissues .Compared with F mode ,P1 mode creates deeper injuries while P2 mode creates larger but shallow injuries .All the three modes may cause injuries involving muscularis propria .

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665336

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of different bolus and swallow patterns on esophageal manometry in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease by high resolution manometry .Methods Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease questionnaire score of more than 8 points and positive 24-hour pH monitoring were included in the study .All the patients were detected by liquid swallow ,solid swallow and continuous swallow .The parameters and comprehensive diagnosis were in accordance with the Chicago Standard .Results A total of 42 patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease were enrolled . Compared with the dynamic parameters of liquid swallow ,the residual pressure of upper esophageal sphincter [(11 .07 ± 3 .97 ,5 .29 ± 3 .36)mmHg] decreased ,the distal latency [(6 .28 ± 1 .87 ,8 .98 ± 2 .25)s] ,and lower esophageal sphincter relaxation time [(7 .79 ± 0 .98 ,10 .69 ± 13 .04)s] prolonged significantly (all P<0 .05) .In the comprehensive diagnosis of esophageal motility ,compared with liquid swallow (38 .1% ) , continuous liquid swallow showed a more sensitive positive diagnostic rate of ineffective esophageal motility (IEM) (63 .2% ) ,with a significant difference (P=0 .008) .Compared with that of liquid swallow ,the diagnostic rate (45 .2% ) of IEM by the solid swallow did not differ significantly (P=0 .581) . Among the ineffective contraction ,the rate of failed contraction (44.3% ) of solid swallow was higher than that of liquid swallow (22 .6% ) .Conclusion Solid swallow is more likely to induce severe esophageal hypomotility disorders than liquid swallow.Continuous swallow has more sensitivity in the diagnosis of IEM.Therefore.it can be used as a supplement to routine manometry in patients with eastroesophageal reflux disease.

13.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 369-372, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710390

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the roles of penA and mtrR gene mutations in resistance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to ceftriaxone.Methods Standard strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (ATCC-49226),clinical strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae with high sensitivity to ceftriaxone (2012-4052 and 2012-15361) and clinical strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae with reduced sensitivity to ceftriaxone (2012-5616) were treated with ceftriaxone at subinhibitory concentration (50% MIC),so as to induce the resistance to ceftriaxone.DNA was extracted from the primary strains before the treatment and daughter strains resistant to ceftriaxone after the treatment,followed by the amplification and DNA sequencing of the penA and mtrR genes.Results For strains 2012-5616 and ATCC-49226,ceftriaxone-resistant strains with MIC ≥ 1 mg/L were obtained after 26 and 28 passages,respectively.For strains 2012-4052 and 2012-15361,ceftriaxone-resistant strains with MIC ≥ 0.5 mg/L were obtained after 22 and 36 passages,respectively.Sequence analysis of the penA gene revealed that A501T and G542S mutations were identified in the induced resistant ATCC-49226 strains,but no new mutations were observed in the other 3 strains.All the 4 mutant strains showed penicillin-binding protein 2 (PBP2) of gene sequence type ⅩⅧ and no mosaic structure of the penA gene was found in the strains.Sequence analysis of the mtrR gene showed that the A39T mutation was found in the 2012-5616 and ATCC-49226 strains before and after the induction,as well as in the coding region of the mtrR gene in the induced resistant 2012-4052 strains.Conclusion The A501T and G542S mutations in the penA gene and A39T mutation in the mtrR gene may play a role in the resistance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to ceftriaxone.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707714

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the dynamic changes of hepatic ischemia reperfusion injury ( IRI) by contrast enhanced ultrasound(CEUS) in rabbit model and investigate its clinical value . Methods Sixty rabbits were randomly assigned into seven groups :sham operation group and 6 hepatic IRI groups ( 0 .5 h ,2 h ,6 h ,12 h ,24 h ,72 h) . The rabbits of hepatic IRI group established as follows :the hepatic artery , portalvein and bile duct in the portal triad to the left liver lobes were interrupted for 60 min with a vascular clip and then reflow the blood . The perfusion imaging of left liver lobe was observed and then the peak signal Intensinty ( PI) ,time to peak intensinty ( Tp) ,area under the curve ( AUC) ,and mean transit time ( MTT ) were calculated . The rabbits were sacrificed and blood samples were withdrawn for the measurement of liver enzymes aspartate aminotransferase ( AST) and alanine aminotransferase ( ALT) ,liver samples from the left lateral were collected for the measurement of myeloperoxidase ( MPO) and histologic examination . The correlation between parameters of CEUS and the test results above were analyzed . Results There were significant differences in the parameters of CEUS between hepatic IRI group and sham group ( P < 0 .001) . PI and AUC showed a decreased tendency and the lowest values were measured in the 24 h group .Tp and MTT showed a upward tendency and the maximum values were measured in the 24 h group . The parameters of CEUS showed correlation with ALT ,AST and MPO ( P < 0 .001 ) . AUC showed significant correlation with ALT ,AST and MPO ( r = - 0 .702 , - 0 .802 , - 0 .846 ;all P < 0 .001 ) . Conclusions CEUS can assess liver functional and pathological changes in the process of hepatic IRI in real-time ,dynamically ,rapidly ,noninvasively and objectively . It is expected to replace the invasive pathological inspection . AUC is the best index for evaluating hepatic IRI in parameters of CEUS .

15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 99-104, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806113

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore relationships between the enrichment of ETBF, Fn, Hp in feces, tissues and colorectal cancer.@*Methods@#Feces, lesion tissue and adjacent tissue from 24 patients with colorectal cancer and 31 patients with adenomas were collected, and we collected Feces and tissue of 20 healthy control persons. Then the copy numbers of enterotoxigenic B. fragilis (ETBF), Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn) and Helicobacter pylori (Hp) were determined by quantitative real-time PCR. Immunohistochemical method was used to examine the expression intensity of EGFR and p53, and the relationships between different expression intensity of EGFR, p53 and the numbers of three bacterias.@*Results@#In the feces, copy numbers of ETBF and Fn were as follous: colorectal cancer group>adenomas group>healthy control group (P<0.05). Copy numbers of Hp were as follous: colorectal cancer group>healthy control group (P<0.01); adenomas group>healthy control group (P<0.01). In the tissue, copy numbers of ETBF, Fn were as follows: colorectal cancer group>adenomas group>healthy control group (P<0.05). Copy numbers of Hp were as follows: colorectal cancer group>healthy control group (P<0.01); adenomas group>healthy control group (P<0.01). Copy numbers of those three bacteria in the lesion tissue and the adjacent tissue had no significant difference. This happened both in colorectal cancer group and adenomas group. The different expression intensity of EGFR, p53 and the number of three bacteria showed no obviously statistical correlation(P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#Adenomatous polyp and colorectal cancer patients show high enrichment of ETBF, Fn and Hp in both feces and tissues. ETBF, Fn and Hp probably contribute to the development of adenomatous polyp and colorectal cancer. Trial registration Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR-BOC-17012509.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613768

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of maximal sterile barrier precaution during deep venous/arterial catheterization on preventing catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI)in patients in the department of critical care medicine.Methods 996 patients who were hospitalized in Beijing Friendship Hospital and underwent deep ve-nous/arterial catheterization from September 2011 to April 2014 were analyzed retrospectively,patients were divided into standard sterile barrier precaution group (SSB group,September 2011-December 2012,n=560)and maximal sterile barrier precaution group (MSB group,January 2013-April 2014,n=436)based on whether they received maximal sterile barrier precaution,incidence of CRBSI and mortality were compared between two groups.Results There was no statistical difference in constitute of intubation sites between patients in SSB group and MSB group(χ2=6.750,P=0.08).The incidence of CRBSI per 1000 catheter days in SSB group and MSB group were 2.41‰(1.64‰-4.02‰)and 1.91‰(0‰-4.56‰)respectively,rank test revealed no significant difference(Z=-0.057, P>0.05);24 (4.29%)patients in SSB group and 26(5.96%)patients in MSB group developed CRBSI,difference between two groups was not statistically significant(χ2=1.447,P>0.05).The mortality in SSB group and MSB group were (18.43±5.53)% and (11.68±4.14)% respectively,independent sample t-test revealed that difference was significant(t=3.907,P<0.05).Conclusion Maximal sterile barrier precaution did not reduce the incidence of CRBSI.

17.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 26-29, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613536

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the operation effect of esophageal foreign body removal with transparent cap-assisted endoscopic technique and traditional method. Methods Ninety-six patients with foreign body incarcerated in esophageal were randomly divided into two groups, and they were underwent transparent cap-assisted endoscopic esophageal foreign body removal or traditional endoscopic esophageal foreign body removal respectively. The clinical data of the two groups were collected, and the success rate, the operation time, the endoscopic vision clarity and the complication rate of the two groups were all recorded and analyzed. Results The success rate in transparent cap-assisted endoscopic technique group was 100% compared with 95.83% in traditional method group, and two cases of failure were transferred to transparent cap-assisted endoscopic technique and finally succeed. The mean operation time were (8.58±3.21) min in transparent cap-assisted endoscopic technique group, and (10.64 ± 5.45) min in traditional method group, and there was no significant difference in two groups (P > 0.05). Forty-five cases got A level and three got B in transparent cap-assisted endoscopic technique group in endoscopic vision clarity, in contrast to 35 A, 11 B and two C in traditional method group. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P = 0.020). There was no case with serious complications such as bleeding, perforation or death in two groups. Conclusions Transparent cap-assisted endoscopic technique for body removal is safety and efficacy, and this technique can provide better endoscopic operation field of vision and help improve the success rate of esophageal foreign body removal.

18.
Progress in Modern Biomedicine ; (24): 4289-4291,4238, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606859

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the efficacy of emergency endoscopic hemostasis combined with somatostatin in treatment of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage.Methods:100 patients with upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage were selected and divided into two groups randomly.The control group (48 cases) was given conventional hemostatic measures.The observation group (52 cases) was given emergency endoscopic hemostasis combined with somatostatin.The efficacy of emergency endoscopic hemostasis combined with somatostatin in treatment of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage was evaluated by efficacy,the curative success rate and the improvement situation of clinical symptoms.Results:The effective rate was 88.5 % in the observation group,and the effective rate was 70.8 % in the control group,and the effective rate of observation group was higher than that of the control group (P<0.05).The success rate for different lesion size was higher in the observation group compared with control group (P<0.05).According to the success rate,with the increased size of lesion,the hemostasis rate was decreased.The hospitalization,negative fecal occult and haematemesis disappeared time of observation group was shorter than that of the control group (P<0.05).The postoperative bleeding rate of observation group was lower than that of the control group (P<0.05).Conclusions:The emergency endoscopic hemostasis combined with somatostatin has a good therapeutic effect on upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage.It can improve the clinical symptoms and shorten the hospitalization time,but its effect is limited on large lesion of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606233

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT:Objective To investigate the effect of SDF-1/CXCR7 on inflammatory cytokine synthesis and secretion in gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells.Methods CXCR7 gene in SGC-7901 cells was silenced by shRNA lentiviral vector and the expression of CXCR7 was detected using Western blot and Real-time PCR.There were four groups as follows:LV-shRNA-NC,LV-shRNA-NC+SDF-1,LV-shRNA-CXCR7,and LV-shRNA-CXCR7+SDF-1 groups.Real-time PCR was used to detect the mRNA expressions of TNF-α,IL-1β,IL-6 and IL-8.ELISA was used to detect the protein levels of TNF-α,IL-1β,IL-6 and IL-8 in the culture supernatant.Western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of NF-κB pathway.Results ① Transfection of SGC-7901 cells with CXCR7-shRNA lentiviral vector resulted in a significantly decreased expression of CXCR7 at both mRNA and protein levels (all P<0.01).② Compared with those in LV-shRNA-NC group,IL-6 and IL-8 mRNA expressions and protein levels in the culture supernatant were increased in LV-shRNA-NC+SDF-1 group (P<0.01 )and decreased in LV-shRNA-CXCR7 group (P<0.05).Compared with those in LV-shRNA-NC+SDF-1 group,the expressions of IL-6 and IL-8 at mRNA and protein levels in the culture supernatant were significantly cut down in LV-shRNA-CXCR7+SDF-1 group (P<0.01 ).However,the expressions of TNF-αand IL-1βat mRNA and protein levels in the culture supernatant were not significantly changed by SDF-1 and CXCR7 shRNA.③ The protein expressions of nuclear NF-κB p65,t-IκBαand p-IκBαexhibited no significant differences among the four groups.Conclusion SDF-1/CXCR7 can promote the synthesis and secretion of inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and IL-8 in gastric cancer SGC-7 9 0 1 cells through an NF-κB-independent pathway.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513904

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Most of studies focus on the biomechanical characteristics of thoracic spine neoplasm, but there is little report on the fracture risk in the patients with vertebral hemangioma through finite element analysis.OBJECTIVE: To establish a finite element model of vertebral hemangioma, and to analyze its biomechanical characteristics, and assess the risk of vertebral fracture.METHODS: Three-dimensional finite element models of T12-L2 vertebrae from normal individuals, the patients with vertebral hemangioma (hemangioma accounting for 20%, 40%, 60%, 80% of the vertebral cancellous bone) and bone cement filling were established, respectively, and then the mechanical characteristics were analyzed. The stress distribution and characters of each model were determined under a vertical static pressure of 600 N.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Three-dimensional finite element models of T12-L2 vertebrae were established successfully. Under static pressure, the stress distribution of L1 cortical bone showed no significant difference among models, and the maximum stress all occurred at the base of pedicle, zygapophysial joint and isthmus. (2) The stress distribution did not differ significantly between vertebral hemangioma accounting for 20%-40% of vertebral cancellous bone with complete cortical bone and normal ones, but which differed significantly in hemangioma accounting for 60%-80%. (3) To conclude, the established thoracolumbar three-dimensional model is available. Additionally,biomechanical tests manifest that the completeness of cortical bone and destruction ratio of cancellous bone destruction are key factors for the fracture risk of vertebral hemangioma.

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