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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 201-206, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862644

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish fingerprint of Paliurus ramosissimus total triterpenes ,and to conduct cluster analysis and principal component analysis ,and to determine the content of the main component paliurusene. METHODS :HPLC method was adopted. The determination was performed on Agilent PheHex column with mobile phase consisted of methanol- 0.05% phosphoric acid solution (gradient eluetion ) at the flow rate of 1 mL/min. The detection wavelength was set at 320 nm,and column temperature was 30 ℃. The sample size was 5 μL. Using paliurusene as reference,HPLC fingerprints of 10 batches of P. ramosissimus total triterpenes were drawn. Similarity evaluation was performed by using TCM Chromatographic Fingerprint Similarity Evaluation System (2012 edition),and the common peaks were confirmed. Cluster analysis and principle component analysis were performed by using SPSS 26.0 software. The content of paliurusene was determined by same HPLC method. RESULTS:There were totally 6 common peaks in HPLC fingerprint of 10 batches of P. ramosissimus total triterpenes. The similarity was more than 0.990;one of six common peaks was identified as paliurusene. The results of cluster analysis showed that 10 batches of samples could be clustered into 4 categories,including S 1,S2,S3-S6 and S 7-S10. The results of principal component analysis showed that the accumulative variance contribution rate of primary 2 principal components was 99.430%. Comprehensive score ranking was S 1>S9>S8>S7>S10>S2>S3>S5>S6>S4. The linear range of paliurusene concentration was 33.7-844.0 μg/mL(r=0.999 9). RSDs of precision ,reproducibility and stability (24 h)tests were all lower than 2%. Average recovery was 99.75%(RSD=1.13%,n=6). The average contents of paliurusene in 10 batches of P. ramosissimus total triterpenes was 0.576%-0.712%. CONCLUSIONS :Established HPLC fingerprint and content d etermination method are reliable and stable , and can be used for the quality control of P. ramosissimus .

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873745

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationship of Sparganum isolates from snakes in Hunan Province. Methods The partial mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase subunit 4 (pnad4) and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 5 (pnad5) genes were amplified using a PCR assay in 7 Sparganum isolates from snakes in Hunan Province and the amplification product was sequenced. The homology and genetic evolution were investigated using the software DNAMAN 7.0, MegAlign, DnaSP 5.0 and MEGA 5.0. Results The pnad4 and pnad5 gene sequences were approximately 578 bp and 484 bp in length in the 7 Sparganum isolates from Hunan Province, and the percentages of genetic variations were 0 to 2.8% and 0 to 0.8%, respectively. There were 4 haplotypes detected in both the pnad4 and pnad5 genes, with global haplotype diversities of 0.810 ± 0.016 and 0.905 ± 0.011, nucleotide diversities of 0.006 ± 0.005 and 0.004 ± 0.003, and mean nucleotide variations of 3.960 and 1.905, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis showed that all 7 Sparganum isolates from snakes in Hunan Province were clustered into the same branch with Spirometra erinaceieuropaei isolates from different regions/hosts in the world, which belonged to S. erinaceieuropaei, which were close to Diphyllobothrium latum and far from other tapeworms. Conclusion There is a low genetic variation in snake-derived S. erinaceieuropaei isolates from Hunan Province, and both pnad4 and pnad5 genes may be potential molecular genetic markers for identification of S. erinaceieuropaei.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817758

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To study retrospectively the serum hepatitis B surface antigen(HBsAg)and HBsAg normal⁃ ized to the same hepatic parenchyma cell volume(HPCV),namely,the same hepatic cell quantities,between HBeAg- positive and HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B(CHB).【Methods】A total of 168 CHB patients who had undergone liv⁃ er biopsy and test of serum HBsAg levels due to their disease in the Third Affiliated Hospital of SunYat-sen University were selected as the study subjects. The serum HBsAg levels,as well as HBsAg levels normalized to HPCV(hepatic cell quantities)were compared between HBeAg-positive and HBeAg-negative CHB,respectively.【Results】There was statis⁃ tically significant difference in serum HBsAg levels between HBeAg-positive and HBeAg-negative CHB(P = 0.028), while there was no statistical difference in HBsAg normalized to HPCV(P = 0.073). There were no correlations between serum HBsAg and liver inflammation grades(HBeAg-positive:r s = 0.020,P = 0.876 & HBeAg-negative:r s = 0.037,P =0.711). Similarly,there were no correlations between HBsAg and hepatic fibrosis stages(HBeAg-positive:r s = 0.087, P = 0.488 & HBeAg-negative:r s = 0.144,P = 0.148). Nevertheless,statistically significant positive correlations were shown between HBsAg normalized to HPCV and liver inflammation grades(HBeAg-positive:r s = 0.309,P = 0.012 & HBeAg-negative:r s = 0.389,P < 0.001). Similarly,the HBsAg normalized to HPCV and hepatic fibrosis stages were shown to be statistically significantly correlated(HBeAg-positive:r s = 0.490,P < 0.001 & HBeAg-negative:r s = 0.599, P < 0.001).【Conclusions】Serum HBsAg normalized to HPCV but not HBsAg levels,is correlated with liver inflamma⁃ tion grades as well as hepatic fibrosis stages positively in both HBeAg-positive and HBeAg-negative CHB. But there is no difference in serum HBsAg levels normalized to HPCV between HBeAg-positive and HBeAg-negative CHB.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777548

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Kawasaki disease (KD) is a challenging diagnosis. Erythema and induration of the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) site is increasingly recognised as a significant clinical clue. However, there is little data to support its specificity for KD as compared to other febrile illnesses. We aimed to evaluate BCG reaction or induration as a diagnostic tool for KD.@*METHODS@#A retrospective case-controlled study of patients discharged with a diagnosis of KD from 2007 to 2010 was conducted. Another group of patients admitted over the same period for possible KD, but later found not to have KD, served as control.@*RESULTS@#Significantly more infants with KD (69.7%) had BCG site changes than older children (27.8%; p < 0.001). It also presented earlier in the course of KD; < 5 days (53.3%) compared to ≥ 5 days of fever (30.0%; p < 0.001). Positive predictive value of BCG site reaction or induration for KD was 90.8% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.819-0.962) for infants and 96.2% (95% CI 0.868-0.995) for older children. The prevalence rate of changes at the BCG site was 9.9% among patients with non-KD febrile illnesses and 42.6% among patients with KD.@*CONCLUSION@#BCG site reaction or induration is a useful clinical clue for the diagnosis of KD in both infants and older children, with a higher prevalence in infants. Physicians should consider KD in children with febrile illness and redness or crust formation at the BCG site, especially in view of low rates of BCG reaction or induration in non-KD febrile illnesses.


Subject(s)
BCG Vaccine , Case-Control Studies , Child, Preschool , Erythema , Epidemiology , Female , Fever , Humans , Infant , Male , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Risk Factors , Singapore , Epidemiology
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1557-1565, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771773

ABSTRACT

To construct a eukaryotic expression plasmid containing the luciferase reporter gene (Fluc) to quickly detect apoptosis. Four amino acids, Asp-Glu-Val-Asp (DEVD), the recognize motif of Caspase-3, were introduced into the middle of the Fluc-C and N fragment. Meanwhile, four amino acids, Asp-Glu-Val-Gly (DEVG), were selected as a negative control. Subsequently, the recombinant gene was cloned into the N and C terminal end of the split intein, and named as pFluc-DEVD and pFluc-DEVG. Then the plasmids were transfected into cells and renilla luciferase was co-transfected in each sample as an internal control for transfection efficiency. Then the apoptosis level was detected by the double luciferase reporter gene and the Western blotting analysis. The results showed that when apoptosis occurred, the content of firefly luciferase expressed in the pFluc-DEVD plasmid transfected group was about 3 times higher than pFluc-DEVG plasmid transfected group. Furthermore, Western blotting detection indicated that the Fluc level was significantly increased in pFluc-DEVD transfected group when pre-treated by apoptosis stimulants. The activation degree of Caspase-3 was closely related to the expression of Fluc, and had a significant statistical difference. These results confirmed that firefly luciferase protein expressed by pFluc-DEVD plasmid can be cleaved by the intracellular Caspase-3 enzyme, and this plasmid can accurately reflect the cell apoptosis level, which provides a useful method for quantitative detection of apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Genes, Reporter , Luciferases, Firefly , Transfection
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754805

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effectiveness and safety of thermal ablation of patients with 3-5 cm hepatocellular carcinoma ( HCC ) under the assistance of ultrasound fusion imaging . Methods From December 2010 to December 2017 ,76 HCC patients with 78 medium‐size ( 3 -5 cm ) lesions who underwent radiofrequency ablation ( RFA ) or microwave ablation ( M WA ) were included in the study . Ultrasound fusion imaging was used to assist the ablation procedures and assess the technical success immediately ,then guided supplementary ablation . Contrast‐enhanced CT/M R was performed one month after ablation to assess the technique efficacy rate . T he complication ,local tumor progression ( L T P ) rate were followed up . Results According to the ultrasound fusion imaging evaluation ,24 lesions ( 30 .8% , 24/78) received supplementary ablation immediately during the ablation procedure . Seventy‐one of 78 liver tumors were evaluated to achieve 5 mm ablative margin while the other 7 liver tumors were not achieved . T here were no ablation‐related deaths ,and the major complication rate was 6 .6% ( 5/76 ) .T he technique efficacy rate was 100% ( 78/78) according to the contrast‐enhanced CT/M R one‐month later . Patients were followed up from 6 to 79 months with a median time of 22 months . L T P occurred in 4 lesions and the LT P rate was 5 .1% ( 4/78) . Conclusions With the assistance of ultrasound fusion imaging ,thermal ablation of medium‐sized HCC is effective and safe w hich could achieve a higher technique efficacy rate and a lower L T P rate .

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856514

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the effectiveness of free vascularized fibula grafts (FVFG) for extensive bone defects after resection of lower limb malignant bone tumors. Methods: Between November 2015 and July 2018, 15 cases of lower limb malignant bone tumors were treated. There were 12 males and 3 females with an average age of 12.3 years (range, 9-21 years). There were 11 cases of osteosarcoma and 4 cases of Ewing's sarcoma. The tumor located at middle femur in 8 cases, lower femur in 4 cases, and middle tibia in 3 cases. The disease duration was 2-6 months (mean, 3.2 months). The tumor was completely removed, and the length of the bone defect was 8-23 cm (mean, 17.7 cm). The bone defect was repaired by FVFG, and combined inactivated tumor bone was used in 8 cases of femoral bone defect. Results: The average operation time was 280 minutes (range, 180-390 minutes). The average blood loss was 310 mL (range, 200-480 mL). All incisions healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 2-24 months with an average of 14.5 months. Bone healing achieved in all patients at 9-18 months (mean, 12.3 months) after operation except 1 patient which was followed up only 2 months. The fibula grafts had active metabolism and the average bone metabolism score was 184 (range, 111-257) in effected side and 193 (range, 127-259) in contralateral side. There was no difference between bilateral sides. The average Enneking score was 24.6 (range, 20-30) at last follow-up. No ankle instability or paralysis of common peroneal nerve occurred. Conclusion: FVFG appeared very efficient in repair of extensive bone defect after resection of lower limb malignant bone tumor.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758785

ABSTRACT

T-cell internal antigen-1 (TIA-1) has roles in regulating alternative pre-mRNA splicing, mRNA translation, and stress granule (SG) formation in human cells. As an evolutionarily conserved response to environmental stress, SGs have been reported in various species. However, SG formation in chicken cells and the role of chicken TIA-1 (cTIA-1) in SG assembly has not been elucidated. In the present study, we cloned cTIA-1 and showed that it facilitates the assembly of canonical SGs in both human and chicken cells. Overexpression of the chicken prion-related domain (cPRD) of cTIA-1 that bore an N-terminal green fluorescent protein (GFP) tag (pntGFP-cPRD) or Flag tag (pFlag-cPRD) induced the production of typical SGs. However, C-terminal GFP-tagged cPRD induced notably large cytoplasmic granules that were devoid of endogenous G3BP1 and remained stable when exposed to cycloheximide, indicating that these were not typical SGs, and that the pntGFP tag influences cPRD localization. Finally, endogenous cTIA-1 was recruited to SGs in chicken cells and tissues under environmental stress. Taken together, our study provide evidence that cTIA-1 has a role in canonical SG formation in chicken cells and tissues. Our results also indicate that cPRD is necessary for SG aggregation.


Subject(s)
Chickens , Clone Cells , Cycloheximide , Cytoplasmic Granules , Humans , Protein Biosynthesis , RNA Precursors , RNA-Binding Proteins , T-Lymphocytes
9.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 67-72, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692389

ABSTRACT

Binocular vision refers to a progress of analysing and integrating the binocular visual signals into a whole and three-dimensional sensory perception by higher nerve centre. In this process, the interac-tion between the two eyes results in the changes of output signal, which is called binocular interaction. Through a series of subjective and objective experiments, it can be concluded that binocular interaction can be divided into three types: facilitation, summation and suppression, and the forms of binocular in-teraction in different visual states are different. In general, the visual signal is processed by binocular in-teraction, so that there are some differences between binocular vision and monocular vision. The extent of the difference can be affected by the damage of monocular vision and then affects the binocular vision. Thus, it is necessary for forensic scientists to further study the effects of the monocular visual impairment on visual function. Based on relevant data, this paper reviews the mechanism of the monocular visual impairment in binocular vision, the research methods and the application prospect in forensic science.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691139

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical effects of percutaneous coblation nucleoplasty in treating cervical spondylotic radiculopathy and investigate its mechanism of action.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Form January 2015 to January 2017, 21 patients with cervical spondylotic radiculopathy were treated by percutaneous coblation nucleoplasty, including 8 males and 13 females with an average age of 49.6 years old ranging from 43 to 61 years old. The course of disease was for 1 to 6 months with a median age of 4 months. Three cases were single segment, 9 cases were double segments, 7 cases were three-segment, 2 cases were four-segment. Intervertebral disc pressure, VAS were compared before and after operation. Angular displacement(AD) and horizontal displacement(HD) were measured by image data and in order to evaluate the cervical stability. Modified MacNab criteria was used to assess clinical effects.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed up from 1 to 12 months with an average of 8.6 months. Preoperative intervertebral disc pressure was (32.0±5.26) cmH2O and immediately after operation was (21.0±7.18) cmH2O, there was statistical significance between before and after operation(=0.003). Preoperative angular displacement and horizontal displacement was (3.85±1.26) ° and (1.23±0.58) mm, six months after operation was (4.18±1.31) ° and (1.69±0.46) mm, respectively. There was no statistical significance before and after operation(>0.05). Preoperative VAS scores were 7.49±0.53, postoperative at 3 days, 3, 6 months were 3.51±0.49, 2.63±0.61, 2.56±0.71, respectively, and postoperative obtained obvious improvement(<0.05). According to modified MacNab criteria, 6 cases obtained excellent results, 7 good, 4 fair 3 poor at 3 days;10 cases obtained excellent results, 5 good, 3 fair, 2 poor at 3 months; 12 cases obtained excellent results, 6 good, 1 fair, 1 poor at 6 months after operation. Postoperative clinical effect at 6 months was better than 3 d, and 3 months(<0.05), and postoperative at 3 months was better than 3 d(<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Percutaneous coblation nucleoplasty in treating cervical spondylotic radiculopathy can effectively relieve the pain of neck, shoulder and upper limb and can also relieve some associated symptoms such as headache and dizziness.</p>

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706860

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the postoperative effect, prognosis, and prognostic factors for benign testicular tumors. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 35 patients with benign testicular tumors between May 2004 and May 2017 from Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, and the patients were followed up until October 2017. Results: The mean age of the 35 patients was 18.8 (0.4-44.0) years. Among them, 14 patients (40.0%) underwent testis-sparing surgery and 21 (60.0%) underwent radical orchiecto-my, and the tumor sizes were 1.8 (0.4-4.0) cm and 2.7 (1.0-8.0) cm, respectively. All patients had been cured without obvious perioper-ative complications. Postoperative histopathological tumor types included 18 epidermal cysts, 10 mature teratomas, 4 interstitial cell tumors, and 3 adenomatoid tumors. Frozen section examination of 10 cases had been operated, and all results were consistent with paraffin pathology. No patient who underwent testis-sparing surgery showed recurrence and/or metastasis during follow-up, and their sexual function and fertility were well preserved. Conclusions: Testis-sparing surgery is reliable, and the size of the tumor determines its implementation. An intraoperative rapid frozen section examination should be performed in patients with testicular neoplasms of a benign or variable nature diagnosed before operation. Patients with benign testicular tumors should undergo testis-sparing surgery, whereas others should undergo radical orchiectomy.

12.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 665-671, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742816

ABSTRACT

Accurate evaluation of muscle function helps to understand the recovery of muscle, bone, nervous system diseases or injuries, especially for muscle dysfunction caused by peripheral nerve injury.Therefore, the methods of muscle function evaluation have been the focus of researchers, with new methods having been constantly proposed.Muscle strength testing is an important part of muscle function evaluation.Besides hand muscle strength assessment, currently used muscle function assessments include simple instrumental test, isokinetic muscle test, electrophysiological test, etc.In addition, the application of needle electromyography, motor unit number estimation, motion unit index in muscle function evaluation has also been reported for several times.This paper reviews the research progress and practical application of these methods.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742273

ABSTRACT

Trichuris suis infection in pigs is ubiquitous in intensive and extensive farms, which causes potential threat to human health. The objective of this research was to investigate the prevalence of T. suis in pigs in Hunan province. Total 2,267 fresh fecal samples distributed in 28 pig farms from 7 different administrative regions (Hunan province) were evaluated for the existence of T. suis eggs using saturated NaCl floating method. The average infection rate of T. suis in pigs was 8.91% in Hunan province. To determine genetic variation of the gained T. suis isolates in the present study, the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions from nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) of 7 T. suis isolates were cloned and analyzed. Nucleotide diversities were 1.0–3.5% and 0–3.8% for ITS-1 and ITS-2, respectively. Phylogenetic analyses indicated that all isolates collected in the present study and T. suis available in Genbank generated a monophyletic clade. The present investigation revealed high infection rates of T. suis in pigs in Hunan province, which shed light on making effective measures to prevent and control T. suis infection in pigs in Hunan province.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , China , Clone Cells , Databases, Nucleic Acid , DNA, Ribosomal , Eggs , Genetic Variation , Humans , Methods , Ovum , Prevalence , Swine , Trichuris
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712054

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in evaluating gallbladder injury during the thermal ablation of liver tumors adjacent to the gallbladder. Methods From January 2016 to March 2017, 40 patients with 42 hepatic tumors adjacent to the gallbladder who underwent ultrasonography-guided percutaneous microwave ablation or radiofrequency ablation in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were included in the study. Ultrasonography (US) was used to assess the change of gallbladder wall thickness before and after procedure. CEUS was used to assess the perfusion of gallbladder wall and determine the gallbladder injury immediately after ablation. Patients with bad perfusion of gallbladder wall accept combined treatment with cholecystectomy. The safety and therapeutic efficacy of the procedures were assessed in follow-up examinations. The change of gallbladder wallthickness were compared by signed ranks sum test. Results Assessed by US immediately after the ablations, gallbladder wall thickening adjacent to the ablated zone was noted in 8 of 40 patients. According the results of CEUS immediately after ablations, 38 patients was evaluated with good perfusion of gallbladder wall and 2 patients was evaluated with bad perfusion, who were treated with cholecystectomy. Perforation of the gallbladder was found in one of them. However, the necrosis of serosal tissue in gallbladder wall was confirmed by postoperative pathology. Another 4 patients with multiple gallbladder stones were also treated with cholecystectomy. Gallbladder wall thickening developed in six patients (17.6%) within 3 days after the ablation. Wall thickening showed complete disappearance on subsequent follow up US in 4 patients, and showed existence in 2 patients. However, complications related to the ablation such as acute cholecystitis and gallbladder perforation were not noted in 34 patients without cholecystectomy. There was significant difference in gallbladder wall thickness between preoperative and intraoperative assessment [5.00 mm (4.00-6.25 mm) vs 3.50 mm (3.00-5.00 mm), Z=-3.741, P < 0.001], as well as between preoperative and postoperative assessment[5.0 mm(3.0-8.0 mm)vs 3.5 mm(3.0-5.0 mm),Z=-3.735,P < 0.001].The complete ablation rate was 97.6% (41/42) based on one-month follow-up CT or MR imaging. Local tumor progression was not found in these completely ablated tumors during the follow-up period. Conclusion Immediate post-procedural CEUS can be used to demonstrate the perfusion of gallbladder wall in US-guided ablation of hepatic tumors adjacent to the gallbladder, which is helpful to determine thermal injury of the gallbladder.

15.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 462-466, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881722

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To understand the current situation of psychological resilience of sanitation workers and its impact on their happiness. METHODS: A total of 277 sanitation workers from Dongguan City of Guangdong Province were enrolled as study participants by stratified random sampling method. The psychological resilience and happiness were measured by Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale and Campbell Index of Well-being Scale respectively. RESULTS: The median scores of psycological resilience and happiness of the study subjects were 49. 0 and 7. 8,respectively. Psycological resilience was positively correlated with happiness( P < 0. 01). The multivariate linear regression analysis showed that the types of work,education level,personal monthly income and daily working time were the influencing factors of sanitation workers 'psychological resilience( P < 0. 05). The types of work and psychological resilience can significantly predict happiness(P < 0. 05). After controlling the demographic variables such as age,type of work,education level,personal monthly income,and daily working time,the psychological resilience prediction happiness contribution rate increased by 34. 1%(P < 0. 01). Age has a regulating effect on psychological resilience and happiness. Psychological resilience is easier to predict in the second generation( born after 1978) of sanitation workers in the sense of happiness. CONCLUSION: Psycological resilience of sanitation workers affects their happiness. Enhancing psychological resilience can help improve the happiness of sanitation workers.

16.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E313-E318, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803881

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the hyperelastic constitutive equation of biological soft tissues and study the mechanical responses during the clamping process of biological tissues. Methods The destructive uniaxial tensile test was performed on fresh porcine liver and the uniaxial tension experiment was simulated in ABAQUS. The hyperelastic constitutive equation of porcine liver was determined by comparing the simulation results with the experimental data. Based on this equation, the sharp teeth-shaped and wave-shaped chucks were used to simulate the clamping process. Results The simulation results of the tensile experiment with the 4th-order Ogden model were in good agreement with the experimental data. The results of tissue clamping simulation showed that stress concentration was more likely to occur when the sharp teeth-shaped chuck was adopted. Conclusions The 4th-order Ogden model can be used to describe the hyperelasticity of porcine liver and determine the relevant para-meters. Using the sharp-shaped chuck is more likely to cause tissue clamping damage, and there is a linear relationship between tissue stress and clamping feed distance. These research findings provide references for the design of surgical clamp.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617790

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of adrenal incidentaloma and explore the management strategies for this disease. Methods:The clinical data of adrenal neoplasm patients admitted in The First Affiliated Hospital and Cancer Center of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2001 to January 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. Results:The data of 667 patients with adre-nal incidentaloma were analyzed. Adenoma was the most common tumor in 511 cases with pathological results (240/511, 47%). Fur-thermore, the pathologic results indicated that 18%(90/511) of these cases were pheochromocytoma and 8%(41/511) were adreno-cortical carcinoma. Of the 511 cases, 266 had≤4 cm tumors, and 245 had>6 cm tumors. In cases with≤4 cm tumors, 260 (98%) had benign tumors, and 183 of these cases underwent laparoscopic adrenalectomy. In cases with>6 cm tumor, 91 cases (37%) had malig-nant tumors, and 162 of these cases underwent open adrenalectomy. Conclusion:The suggested cut-off size for adrenal incidentalo-ma diagnosis is 4 cm. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is the recommended management strategy for small (≤4 cm) and nonfunctional ad-renal incidentaloma.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615740

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of the combined psychological intervention of ambroxol on the patients with lung cancer after thoracoscopic lobectomy. Methods January 2015 to December 2016, Beijing Jian Gong Hospital under thoracoscope lung resection of 64 cases of patients with lung cancer, the control group treated with saline 600 mL/d, experimental group implementation of ammonia bromine line on postoperative 3 days for the patient on the day of surgery until given intravenous 600 mL/d hydrochloric acid ammonia bromine injection combined psychological intervention treatment. Results There were no deaths in the perioperative period, but the lung complications in the experimental group were significantly lower than those in the control group. There were significant differences in mechanical ventilation, ICU time, postoperative hospital stay, and treatment cost after surgery (P < 0.05). Conclusion For patients with lung cancer in perioperative implementation under the thoracoscope lung resection and intravenous hydrochloric acid ammonia bromine joint line comments fluid psychological intervention treatment, effectively improve the patients' lung function and significantly lower the incidence of complications, shorten the patient's hospital stay, reduce the economic burden, and can be applied clinically.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666986

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility,efficacy and tolerability of ultrasound-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation(RFA) for treating malignant tumor in the caudate lobe.Methods A retrospective analysis was performed in the patients with malignant tumor in the caudate lobe treated by percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) from January 2009 to July 2016.The epigastric approach (EA),the intercostal approach (IA) and an approach combining EA and IA were used as the paths of puncture.Intraprocedural contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) was used to evaluate the ablation effect.The enhancement of CT/MR was used as the gold standard to evaluate the ablation effect within 1 to 3 months after surgery.Technical success (TS),technique efficacy (TE),local tumor progression (LTP) and complications were documented.Results A total of 14 patients with 14 malignant tumors in the caudate lobe of the liver were included in this study.The EA,IA,and the approach combining EA and IA were used in 7,6,and 1 patient,respectively.Intraprocedural CEUS showed complete ablation in all cases.CT / MRI evaluation within 1 to 3 months after surgery showed that the complete ablation rate was 100% (14/14).After a median follow-up of 15.5 months (interquartile range,3 55 months),2 patients had recurrence in other regions of the liver,there was no local tumor progression and no serious complications occurred in 14 patients.Conclusions Ultrasound guided RFA is a safe,effective and important mean for the treatment of malignant tumors in caudate lobe of liver.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666591

ABSTRACT

Acute traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) represents one of the most devastating injuries that afflict the human body. Ascorbic acid ( AA) plays an important role in mammalian central nervous system, especially in SCI. In this study, the change of AA concentration after SCI was investigated by using an on-line electrochemical method integrated with in vivo microdialysis. A microdialysis probe (2 mm in length) was implanted into the spinal cord of an anesthetized rat (Thoracic-10). Microdialysis perfusate (2 μL/ min) was collected in the sample loop of an on-line injector for direct injection onto a glassy carbon electrode which was modified with the heat-treated single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). Normal ascorbic acid concentration in the extracellular fluids of spinal cords was (26. 17 ± 1. 25) μmol/ L (n =8). The experimental spinal cord injury, induced by a lesion at T-10, significantly increased the extracellular ascorbic acid levels to (53. 24± 1. 95) μmol/ L (n =8). This study provides the experimental evidence on the essential roles of ascorbic acid in spinal cord injuries.

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