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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905635

ABSTRACT

The isokinetic muscle strength test and isokinetic training are considered to be one of the most important practical techniques for muscle assessment and training. This paper reviewed the specific applications of isokinetic concept in rehabilitation assessment and rehabilitation treatment in recent years, introduced the effects of isokinetic concept on neurological diseases, orthopaedic diseases and other diseases, briefly analyzed the related mechanism and summarized its advantages.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2423-2428, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248970

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Mucocutaneous lesions are common features of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS), but only a few studies have focused on them. To demonstrate the profile of mucocutaneous lesions of pSS and further explore their potential clinical significance, we performed a cross-sectional study on 874 patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Demographic data, clinical manifestations, and laboratory results of 874 pSS patients were collected. Patients were divided into two groups according to the presence of mucocutaneous lesions. Differences in primary symptoms and systemic impairments between the two groups were analyzed. Results of laboratory tests were also compared after excluding those who had taken corticosteroid from both groups. One-year follow-up was done, and occurrences of various new complications were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 874 pSS patients, 181 patients had mucocutaneous lesions, accounting for 20.7%. Multiple mucocutaneous manifestations were displayed, and the top four most common types of lesions were purpuric eruptions (39.8%), urticaria (23.8%), Raynaud's phenomenon (14.9%), and angular stomatitis (9.9%). Incidences of pulmonary interstitial fibrosis, pulmonary bullae, leukopenia, and anemia were significantly higher among patients with mucocutaneous lesions (P < 0.05). Increase in IgG and decrease in C4 among patients with mucocutaneous lesions displayed statistical significance after excluding patients from both groups who had taken corticosteroid (P < 0.05). After one-year follow-up, patients with mucocutaneous lesions presented a slightly higher incidence of new complications compared to those without.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Mucocutaneous manifestations of pSS patients were common and diverse. Patients with mucocutaneous manifestations had more systemic damages, higher level of IgG, and lower level of serum C4, suggesting a higher activity of the primary disease.</p>

3.
Journal of Medical Research ; (12): 137-140, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700904

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the different clinical features and system lesions of female and male primary Sj(o)gren's syndrome (pSS) patients and to attract more attention to male pSS patients' pathogenic features.Methods Clinical information of pSS patients was gathered and physicochemical tests were conducted.The clinical features of female and male patients were summarized and analyzed.Results 935 pSS cases were collected,among which 65 cases were male.The male-female ratio was 0.7∶ 10.The man's median duration of diagnosis was 10 months,with a median duration of 36 months,compared with women's time (P < 0.05).There were significant statistical differences between both the dry mouth and dry eyes occurrence rate of female and male patients (P < 0.05).In ophthalmic Schirmer tests,440 female patients and 8 male presented abnormal results (P < 0.05).For labial gland biopsy,the positive rate of male patients was much higher than that of the female (P < 0.05).The incidence of lymphadenectasis of male patients was 16.9%,which was higher than that of female patients (5.2%),presenting statistical significance (P < 0.05).As regards pSS system lesions,54.48% of the female presenting presented system lesions,while this rate for male patients was only 36.92%;the rate of multiple system lesions for female and male patients was 10.8% and 3% (P < 0.05).The incidence of lymphadenectasis of male patients was higher than that of female patients (P < 0.05).As regards pSS system lesions,the incidence of multiple system involvement was low(P < 0.05).Conclusion The incidence of male pSS is significantly lower than that of female.Dry mouth dryness is lower than that of female,and there is no difference in digestive,respiratory,urinary and nervous system involvement.

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