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Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1282-1289, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911867


Objective:To investigate the clinical, imaging and genetic features of patients with global developmental delay combined with epilepsy and striatal degeneration caused by POLR3A gene mutations.Methods:A total of three patients from two families with non-consanguineous marriages admitted to the Department of Pediatric Neurology of Xiangya Hospital of Central South University in 2020 were examined in detail. Peripheral blood DNA was extracted, and whole-exome sequencing was performed on the patients, combined with Sanger sequencing for verification. The mutation and protein function predictor softwares were applied to analyze the mutation sites.Results:All three patients presented with global developmental delay, seizures, dystonia. Head magnetic resonance imaging of all patients suggested basal ganglia atrophy and striatal degeneration. All had compound heterozygous mutations of c.1980 G>C; c.1771-6 C>G and c.2044C>T; c.1771-7 C>G in POLR3A gene as indicated by whole-exome sequencing. Sanger sequencing validation confirmed that the compound heterozygous mutations were originated from the parents of probands from the two families, respectively. Bioinformatic analysis suggested pathogenic features of the mutations.Conclusions:Compound heterozygous mutations in POLR3A gene , including a splice site mutation result in global developmental delay combined with epilepsy, striatal degeneration. Clinicians should promote the awareness of POLR3 related spectrum disorders, thus make early recognition and diagnosis.