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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883057

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct the rehabilitation strategy of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction based on the evidenced method and evaluate the effectiveness in clinic.Methods:The rehabilitation strategy was firstly built based on evidenced method. And then 80 patients from Department of Sports Medicine and Adult Reconstructive Surgery, Nanjing University Medical School Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital from January to August, 2019 were randomly and equably sent to experiment group and control group. Patients in experiment group or control group were accepted the evidenced method or regular method as treatment strategy, respectively. The visual analogue scale (VAS), thigh circumference, motion range of knee joint and Lysholm score were recorded before and after surgery.Results:Six papers met the inclusion criterion and were been screen out from 1 535 papers, and then the evidenced rehabilitation strategy of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction was made. The VAS scores in 12 and 24 h were 1(0-2), 1(1-3) in experiment group and 2(1-3), 3(1-3)in control group, the differences were significant between two groups( Z values were 4.955, 6.489, P<0.001). The motion ranges of knee joint in 2, 4, 6, 12 weeks after operation were (61.6±5.1)°, (85.3±6.6)°, (114.6±5.2)°, (127.6±3.4)° in experiment group and(54.9±4.6)°, (71.0±8.8)°, (105.1±5.9)°, (115.8±4.0) °in control group, the differences were significant between two groups( t values were 6.209-14.138, P<0.001). The Lysholm scores at 6,8,12 weeks after operation were 58.8±3.7, 71.1±3.1, 84.3±3.7 in experiment group and 56.0±3.4, 65.4±4.3, 75.6±3.0 in control group, the differences were significant between two groups( t values were 3.511, 6.867, 11.439, P<0.001). Conclusions:This evidenced rehabilitation strategy of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in this study was helpful to alleviating the pain, improving motion range of knee joint after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863827

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of systolic dysfunction early complicated in patients with isolated traumatic brain injury (iTBI) and to evaluate the influence of complicated systolic dysfunction on the prognosis of iTBI patients.Methods:From January 2017 to October 2018, 123 patients with moderate or severe iTBI admitted to Trauma Centre in our hospital were included in the study, and patients with previous cardiovascular diseases were excluded. Left ventricular systolic function was assessed by transthoracic echocardiography within 24 h after admission. The patients were divided into normal systolic function group ( n=100) and systolic dysfunction group ( n=23) according to the results of echocardiography. Data were collected from all patients on admission, including GCS score, systolic blood pressure, heart rate, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT), clinical treatment variables (use of sedative drugs, vasoactive drugs, etc.), craniotomy or not and clinical outcomes (survival or death) during hospitalization. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the related factors for iTBI patients complicated with systolic dysfunction, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of each index for iTBI patients complicated with cardiac insufficiency. Results:The systolic blood pressure (147.3±23.3) mmHg, the heart rate (96.1±26.3) beats/min and the hs-cTnT level (16.48±8.17) pg/mL in the systolic dysfunction group were higher than those in the normal systolic function group on admission (all P<0.05); and the GCS score in the systolic dysfunction group was lower than that in the normal systolic function group ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the heart rate ( OR=1.129, 95% CI: 1.001-1.516; P=0.038), the GCS score ( OR=0.640, 95% CI: 0.445-0.920; P=0.016) and the hs-cTnT level ( OR=1.054, 95% CI: 1.009-1.101; P=0.002) on admission were independent risk factors for iTBI patients complicated with systolic dysfunction. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the hs-cTnT levelon admission was the largest (AUC=0.863, P<0.01). The in-hospital mortality of patients in the systolic dysfunction group was higher than that of patients in the normal systolic function group (52.5% vs 22%, P=0.004). Conclusions:The heart rate, the GCS score and the serum hs-cTnT level on admission were independent risk factors for iTBI patients complicated with systolic dysfunction. The hs-cTnT level could better predict the occurrence of cardiac systolic dysfuncion, and higher in-hospital mortality was found in iTBI patients complicated with systolic dysfunction. Therefore, early detection and timely intervention may improve the prognosis of these patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872785

ABSTRACT

Objective::To study the effect of warming and heat-clearing method (Wenyang Jiedu Huayu decoction) on the expressions of Forkhead box P3 (FoxP3), Retinoic acid-related orphan receptor gamma t (ROR-γt) in colon tissue of mice with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF), in order to explore the possible regulatory mechanism on intestinal endotoxemia (IETM) in liver failure mice. Method::The 130 SD rats were randomly divided into normal group (10 rats) and model group (120 rats). The ACLF mice model was established through the subcutaneous injection with bovine serum albumin and the intraperitoneal injection with D-galactosamine(D-Gal) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The model mice were randomly divided into model group, heat-clearing group (Yinchenhao decoction, 6.68 g·kg-1), warming group (Yinchen Zhufu decoction, 7.09 g·kg-1) and warming and heat-clearing group (Wenyang Jiedu Huayu decoction, 19.53 g·kg-1). The normal group and the model group were given distilled water by gastric lavage, while the other groups were given equal volume of corresponding Chinese herbal medicines for a week. The value of each index at 1, 12 and 24 h was measured. The ratio of Treg/Th17 cell in peripheral blood were detected and calculated by flow cytometry. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the expressions of FoxP3 and ROR-γt in colon tissues of mice at different time points. In situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry were used to observe the expressions of FoxP3 and ROR-γt genes and proteins. Result::Compared with normal group, the ratio of Treg/Th17 in the model group decreased significantly at each time point (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the Treg/Th17 ratio increased only in the warming and heat-clearing method group (P<0.05). Compared with normal group, the expression of ROR-γt in the model group was significantly higher (P<0.01), and the expression of ROR-γt in the model group was higher than FoxP3.Compared with the model group, the expressions of FoxP3 and ROR-γt mRNA in the heat-clearing group and the warming group decreased at each time point (P<0.05), and the expressions of FoxP3 and ROR-γt in the warming and heat-clearing method group decreased significantly (P<0.01). The expressions of FoxP3 and ROR-γt mRNA in warming and heat-clearing group decreased compared with those in the warming group and heat-clearing group (P<0.05). Conclusion::The mechanism of the warming and heat-clearing method on IETM in liver failure may be related to the regulation of FoxP3 and ROR-γt expressions.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871988

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the correlation between circulating tumor cells (CTC) and the degree of pathological invasion, recurrence and metastasis of urothelial carcinoma, and so to explore the clinical value of CTC detection in bladder cancer.Methods:A total of 142 patients with urothelial carcinoma in Huadong Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University were enrolled as cancer group from July 2016 to January 2018. According to the degree of tumor invasion, cancer group was divided into the non-muscle-invasive group (49 cases) and the muscle-invasive group(93 cases). In addition, 52 patients with benign urinary tract lesions admitted were selected as the benign group and 56 patients with non-urinary tract diseases and non-tumor as the control group. A total of 3.2 ml of venous anticoagulant blood from each subject was collected. CTC was enriched by negative enrichment using the magnetic beads coated with monoclonal antibody Cluster 45 of differentiation (CD45) to capture and remove white blood cells, and identified by chromosome 8 probe(CEP8) fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique. CD45-/4′,6′-diamidino-2-phenylindole+/CEP8>2(CD45-/DAPI+/CEP8>2) cells were judged as CTC. SPSS22.0 statistical software was used for statistical analysis.Results:≥2 CTCs/3.2 ml in blood was set as cutoff value. CTC positive rates in bladder cancer group, benign group and control group were 70.42%(100/142), 28.85%(15/52) and 8.93%(5/56), respectively, and there was a significant difference (χ 2=70.496, P=0.000). There was a statistically difference ( U=2 863.5, P=0.011) in the mean count of CTC(2 CTCs/3.2 ml vs 4 CTCs/3.2 ml) between the two groups. The proportion of≥5 CTCs/3.2 ml in the muscle-invasive group was 40.86% (38/93), which was significantly higher than that in the non-muscle-invasive group, 18.37% (9/49) (χ 2=7.330, P=0.007). Cystoscope follow-up of 65 patients treated with transurethral resection of the bladder tumor showed that the recurrence and metastasis rate in patients with≥5 CTCs/3.2 ml was as high as 47.62% (10/21), compared with 11.36% (5/44) of patients with<5 CTCs/3.2 ml (χ 2=10.530, P=0.001). Among 59 patients undergoing radical cystectomy, no significant difference was found in tumor diameter >3 cm, positive surgical margins and positive lymph nodes among all groups according to CTC negative or positive and CTC number ( P>0.05). But the recurrence and metastasis rate of patients with ≥5 CTCs/3.2 ml (59.10%) was significantly higher than that of patients with <5 CTCs/3.2 ml (6/30)(χ 2=8.364, P=0.004). Conclusion:The number of CTC increased with the deepening of tumor invasion; Tumor recurrence and metastasis increased significantly in the patients with ≥5/3.2 ml CTCs in blood.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817909

ABSTRACT

Autism spectrum disorder(ASD) is a group of multi-factor brain development disorders. At present,ASD treatment is still based on behavioral intervention,for there are no specific drugs. ASD comorbidities are extremely common in children with ASD,and the presence of comorbidities has an important impact on the treatment and prognosis of ASD. In recent years,the etiology and behavioral intervention of ASD has become a research hotspot at home and abroad,but there are few studies on comorbidity and drug intervention. Therefore,we summarize relevant literatures at home and abroad, hoping to be helpful for clinical research on ASD comorbidity and drug treatment.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807918

ABSTRACT

@#In this paper, we developed an accurate and sensitive LC-MS/MS method for the determination of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid in human plasma. A 50% aqueous acetic acid solution was used as a stabilizer, and the plasma samples were evaporated to dryness and resolved after protein precipitation on ice bathing and then were placed in an autosampler for injection. The gradient was eluted by Hedera ODS-2 column(2. 1 mm×150 mm). The aqueous phase was an aqueous solution containing 0. 2% acetic acid. The organic phase was methanol. The amoxicillin and clavulanic acid were detected under negative ion detection with electrospray ionization(ESI)in multiple reaction monitoring(MRM)mode of m/z 364. 1→223. 1 and 198. 1→135. 9 in the triple quagdrupole tandem mass spectrometer(Triple Quad TM 6500+). The concentration ranges of plasma from 20. 0 ng/mL to 5 000 ng/mL for amoxicillin and 10. 0 ng/mL to 2 500 ng/mL for clavulanic acid were good linear relationship. The accuracy deviation were ±15. 0% and precision were less than 15. 0% for the intra-assay and inter-assay. The matrix effect and recovery meeted the acceptance criteria, amoxicillin and clavulanic acid were stable under storage and processing conditions. Healthy subjects were given a test preparation of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium granules 1 bag(125 mg/31. 25 mg/bag)and the reference preparation amoxicillin clavulanate potassium dry mix Suspension “Augmentin® ” 5 mL(125 mg/31. 25 mg/5 mL)was used to determine the plasma concentration of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid. The Phoenix WinNonlin 6. 4 software was used to estimate the pharmacokinetic parameters of non-compartmental models. The pharmacokinetic parameters of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid were statistically calculated and evaluated the bioequivalence. what′s more, we evaluated the diet on the pharmacokinetics of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid. The analytical method was rapid and sensitive, which was successfully employed in the bioequivalence study of amoxicillin(125 mg/bag)and clavulanate potassium granules(31. 25 mg/bag)for determining the concentration of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804533

ABSTRACT

@#The aim of this study was to develop a highly sensitive and specific LC-MS/MS method to explore the pharmacokinetic properties and absolute bioavailability of isoschaftoside in rats. Blood sampling was performed at different time points after intragastric administration of isoschaftoside(1. 5, 3. 0, 6. 0 mg/kg)and 0. 5 mg/kg by intravenous injection. Isoschaftoside was analyzed by a validated LC-MS/MS method in plasma; the pharmacokinetic parameters and absolute bioavailability were evaluated by software DAS 3. 0. The results showed that the linear concentration ranges of isoschaftoside was 1. 0- 500. 0 ng/mL(r=0. 997 6). The precision, accuracy, matrix effect, sensitivity, dilution reliability and stability met the requirements of biological sample analysis. For ig administration of isoschaftoside(1. 5, 3. 0, 6. 0 mg/kg), the pharmacokinetic parameter cmax was(109. 34±22. 87), (259. 84±95. 35)and(499. 26±288. 09)ng/mL; AUC0-t was(310. 57±46. 18), (552. 67±207. 14)and(1 075. 03±371. 19)h ·ng/mL; t1/2 was(2. 36±0. 22), (2. 91±0. 19)and(3. 04±0. 86)h; tmax was(1. 03±0. 25), (1. 18±0. 17)and(1. 5±0. 43)h; MRT0-t was(11. 33±1. 53), (11. 27±1. 09)and(8. 29±0. 76)h, respectively. For iv administration of isoschaftoside(0. 5 mg/kg), the pharmacokinetic parameter AUC0-t was(1 536±421. 3)h ·ng/mL; t1/2 was(2. 57±0. 46)h; MRT0-t was(9. 55±2. 37)h. Furthermore, the absolute bioavailability was 6. 73%, 5. 99%, 5. 80%, respectively. The LC-MS/MS analysis method established in this study was accurate and sensitive, so it can be applied to the pharmacokinetic study of isoschaftoside.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791235

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution and transmission characteristics of vancomycin -resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREF) carrying both vanA and vanM in the intensive care unit.Methods VREF strains were isolated from patients in the intensive care unit of Jinshan Hospital , Fudan University in Shanghai from 2013 to 2017.Antimicrobial susceptibilities of the VREF strains to nine antibiotics , including vancomycin, teicoplanin, linezolid and chloromycetin , were tested by broth microdilution method.Multiple polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used for van genotyping and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was used for homology analysis.Results Thirty-five strains were mainly isolated from urine (16 strains), blood (11 strains), feces ( five strains ), bile ( two strains ) and pleural effusion ( one strain ).All the strains (100.00%) were resistant to vancomycin , ampicillin and levofloxacin , but only 40.00% were resistant to teicoplanin.All the strains were sensitive to linezolid.The results of van genotyping showed that 33 (94.3%) strains belonged to vanA and vanM dual genotype VREF, and the other two were vanA type VREF.PFGE results showed that 35 strains could be divided into 14 PFGE patterns, and seven out of 10 strains isolated in 2014 were identical and the other three belonged to three different PFGE patterns.Conclusions A dual genotype VREF carrying both vanA and vanM has been emerging and spreading in the intensive care unit of Jinshan Hospital , Fudan University in Shanghai.

9.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 401-403, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751416

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) with mature plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDC) proliferation. Methods The clinical data of one case of MDS with excess blasts (EB)﹣1 with mature PDC proliferation in Air Force Medical Center was retrospectively analyzed, and the literature was reviewed. Results The patient′s physical examination revealed anemia and thrombocytopenia. Bone marrow smears showed 0.064 of myeloblasts and 0.152 of dendritic cells. Immunophenotyping showed two groups of abnormal proliferation cells, namely, myeloblasts and mature PDC. Decitabine treatment was given, and the red blood cells and platelets were infused intermittently. The condition of patient was basically stable. Conclusions MDS with mature PDC proliferation is extremely rare. No special clinical manifestations are found, and the diagnosis is based on bone marrow cytology and immunophenotyping. There is no standard regimen for treatment of MDS with mature PDC proliferation, and the prognosis depends on the progression of MDS.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1691-1695, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775664

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of triptolide on the excursion of Tc and Th cells in peripheral blood of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) BALB/c-un nude mice induced by pristane.@*METHODS@#Eighteen female BALB/c-un nude mice were randomly divided into blank, SLE and triptolide group, each with 6 mice by random table method. Group SLE and group triptolide were established by single intraperitoneal injection of pristane, and blank group was used as blank control group. SLE model was established by single intraperitoneal injection. Triptolide group was fed with triptolide at the dose of 5 mg/(kg·d), and the blank group and SLE group were fed normally. Blood samples were collected from the caudal vein before treatment and 1, 3 and 6 months after treatment respectively. Fluorescence labeled flow cytometry was used to delect Tc and Th lymphocyte subsets at different stages of treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment for 3 and 6 moths, the percentages of Tcl, Thl cells and CD8, Tcl/Tc2, Thl/Th2 and CD4/CD8 all decreased in the group of triptolide, and the percentage of CD4, Tc2 and Th2 cells increased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The mechanism of triptolide in the treatment of SLE may be related with the excursion of Tc and Th cells to Tcl and Tc2 to maintain the relative homeostasis of Tc and Th cells at different stage, thus affecting the immune response and the inflammatory reaction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diterpenes , Epoxy Compounds , Female , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Phenanthrenes , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801858

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Shenghuitang on learning and memory, biological clock gene[brain and muscle arnt-like 1 (Bmal1)] in hypothalamus and interleukin-6(IL-6)and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)in hippocampus of APP/PS1 double transgenic dementia model mice, in order to explore the possible mechanism of Shenghuitang to improve learning and memory and sleep disorders. Method:The experimental mice were randomly divided into model group, blank control group, melatonin group, high-dose Shenghuitang group and low-dose Shenghuitang group. Autonomic activity analysis system was used to detect the autonomic activities of mice in each group. Morris water maze was used to detect the learning ability and spatial memory ability of each group. quantitative real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) was used to detect the expression of Bmal1 mRNA in the hypothalamic area of mice. Western blot was used to detect the expression of Bmal1 protein in each group. The content of inflammatory factors IL-6 and TNF-α in hippocampus of mice was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The correlation between inflammatory factors IL-6, TNF-α and Bmal1 gene was analyzed by pearson analysis. Result:The results of voluntary activities showed that compared with the control group, the number of activities and activity distance of the model group were significantly decreased (PPPPPPPPPPPPPPα in the model group were significantly higher than those in the control group (Pα in the drug group were significantly lower(Pα and Bmal1 were correlated and negatively correlated. Conclusion:Shenghuitang may reduce the levels of inflammatory factors IL-6 and TNF-α in hippocampus by up-regulating the expression of Bmal1 gene in hypothalamic region, thus improving Alzheimer' s disease(AD) and circadian rhythm disorders.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801857

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Suanzaoren Tang on hippocampal neuroinflammation in APP/PS1 mice and to explore its possible mechanism of neuroprotection. Method:The mice were randomly divided into blank group, model group, donepezil group(0.92 mg·kg-1), Suanzaoren Tang low and high-dose groups(12.96,25.92 g·kg-1). After 30 days of continuous administration in each group, pathological changes of dentate gyrus (DG) in hippocampus of mice in each group were observed by Nissl staining.The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in serum of each group were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expression levels of TNF-α and IL-1β in hippocampus of each group. The expression levels of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and ionic calcium binding protein 1 (IBA1) in hippocampus of each group were detected by immunohistochemical staining (ICH) and Western blot. Result:Compared with blank group, the granule cells in DG region were unevenly arranged in model group, with obvious cell loss, and the nissl bodies in some neurons disappeared or condensed, serum TNF-α and IL-1β content significantly increased (Pα and IL-1β mRNA expression quantity significantly increased (PPα and IL-1β in the serum were decreased(PPα and IL-1β mRNA in the hippocampus were decreased(PPPPConclusion:Suanzaoren Tang can improve neuronal loss in APP/PS1 double transgenic mice, and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of hippocampal neuroinflammation in mice.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801700

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of Shenghuitang on learning and memory and expressions of interleukin-6(IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2) in hippocampus of chronic sleep deprived mice, in order to explore the possible mechanism of Shenghuitang in improving learning and memory ability. Method: Mice were randomly divided into sleep deprivation group, blank group, melatonin group(7.8×10-4 g·kg-1·d-1), high, middle and low-dose Shenghuitang groups(54,27,13.5 g·kg-1·d-1). The model of chronic sleep deprivation in mice was established using the "multi-platform water environment method". 28 d sleep deprivation and intragastric administration were provided. Morris water maze was used to detect the learning and memory ability of mice in each group. Real time-PCR was used to detect mRNA expressions of IL-6, TNF-α and COX-2 in the hippocampus of each group. Result: The results of Morris water maze test showed that compared with the blank group, the total time spent on finding the platform and the total swimming distance of the model group were significantly prolonged (PPPPPPPPPα, and COX-2 were increased in the model group compared with the blank group. Compared with the model group, mRNA expressions of IL-6, TNF-α, and COX-2 were decreased in the treated group. COX-2 mRNA expression was down-regulated. Conclusion: Shenghuitang may improve the learning and memory ability of mice by decreasing mRNA expressions of IL-6, TNF-α and COX-2 in hippocampus.

14.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(2): 175-180, Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896431

ABSTRACT

Summary Objective: The present study aimed to investigate the analgesic effect and safety of using local incision analgesia to treat acute postoperative pain in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Method: A cohort of 60 patients undergoing liver cancer resection was randomly divided into three groups (n=20 per group): local incision analgesia (LIA) group, which received local infiltration with ropivacaine combined with a postoperative analgesia pump; intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) group, which received fentanyl intravenous analgesia postoperatively; and the control group, which received tramadol hydrochloride injection postoperatively according to the NRS scoring system. The postoperative analgesic effect in each group was compared and tumor recurrence (survival) was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: NRS scores, rate of analgesic usage, ambulation time (h) and intestinal function recovery time (h) were significantly reduced in LIA group compared with the control group at each postoperative time point (6, 12, 24 and 48 hours; p<0.05). Additionally, the NRS scores of LIA patients at 12 hours post-surgery was significantly reduced compared with PCA group (p<0.05), and the occurrence of postoperative adverse events in LIA group was significantly lower than that in PCA group (p<0.05). Survival analysis demonstrated that the mean survival time (tumor recurrence) was significantly increased in LIA group compared with the control group (χ2=4.749; p=0.029). Conclusion: Local incision analgesia improves the analgesic effect, causes fewer adverse reactions and increases postoperative survival time. Our study demonstrated that local incision analgesia is a safe and effective method of postoperative pain management following hepatectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Acute Pain/drug therapy , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Anesthetics, Local/therapeutic use , Pain Measurement , Survival Analysis , Treatment Outcome , Pain Management/adverse effects , Pain Management/methods , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771531

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to study the effect of total flavones of Clematis filamentosa Dunn(TFCD) post-conditioning against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) and the role of PI3K/Akt-eNOS signaling pathway. Forty male SD rats were divided randomly into five groups: Sham group, model group (I/R), TFCD post-conditioning group (TFCD), TFCD post-condition-ing+LY294002 (a PI3K/Akt signaling pathway inhibitor) group (TFCD+LY), and LY294002 group (LY). At the end of reperfusion, hemodynamic parameters were recorded, morphology changes of myocardial tissue were evaluated by using HE staining, and myocardial infarct size were observed, blood samples were obtained to determine plasma activation of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase (CK) nitric oxide (NO), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), superoxide dismutase (SOD), maleic dialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px). The expressions of Akt, p-Akt, eNOS and p-eNOS proteins were assessed by using Western blot, and eNOS and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) mRNA was measured by RT-PCR. The results showed that, compared with the model group, TFCD post-conditioning remarkably improved hemodynamics function and myocardial structure, reduced myocardial infarct size and enhanced the contents of NO, eNOS, SOD and GSH-Px, and decreased the contents of LDH, CK and MDA, increased the levels of phosphorylation of Akt and eNOS protein expression, eNOS and iNOS mRNA expression significantly(P<0.05 or P<0.01). These effects were inhibited by LY294002, a blocker of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. The above experiments indicated that TFCD post-conditioning could significantly reduce MIRI in rats, the mechanism of which may be associated with increasing antioxidation, scavenging oxygen free radicals, regulating NO generation and activating PI3K/Akt-eNOS signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Clematis , Flavones , Male , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776670

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the cognitive neural mechanism of working memory impairment in children with primary nocturnal enuresis using event-related potential (ERP).@*METHODS@#A total of 14 children with primary nocturnal enuresis were enrolled as enuresis group, and 14 normal children were enrolled as control group. The learning-recognition task test was applied, and the ERP components (P2, N2, and P3) at Fz lead while identifying old pictures (learned) and new ones (unlearned) were measured and compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#While identifying the old pictures, the enuresis group had a lower amplitude of P2 and N2 than the control group (P<0.05). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the latency of P2, N2, and P3 and the amplitude of P3. While identifying the new pictures, the enuresis group had a longer latency of P2 and a significantly lower amplitude of N2 than the control group (P<0.05). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the amplitude of P2 and P3 and the latency of N2 and P3.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with normal children, the children with primary nocturnal enuresis have reduced abilities of classified information extraction, a prolonged reaction time, and reductions in memory capacity, memory consolidation, and conflict monitoring, which causes working memory impairment.


Subject(s)
Child , Electroencephalography , Evoked Potentials , Evoked Potentials, Auditory , Humans , Memory Disorders , Memory, Short-Term , Nocturnal Enuresis , Reaction Time
17.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 127-132, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844497

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To attempt to establish an objective quantitative indicator to characterize the trigger point activity, so as to evaluate the effect of dry needling on myofascial trigger point activity. METHODS: Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into blank control group, dry needling (needling) group, stretching exercise (stretching) group and needling plus stretching group (n=6 per group). The chronic myofascial pain (trigger point) model was established by freedom vertical fall of a wooden striking device onto the mid-point of gastrocnemius belly of the left hind-limb to induce contusion, followed by forcing the rat to make a continuous downgrade running exercise at a speed of 16 m/min for 90 min on the next day which was conducted once a week for 8 weeks. Electromyography (EMG) of the regional myofascial injured point was monitored and recorded using an EMG recorder via electrodes. It was considered success of the model if spontaneous electrical activities appeared in the injured site. After a 4 weeks' recovery, rats of the needling group were treated by filiform needle stimulation (lifting-thrusting-rotating) of the central part of the injured gastrocnemius belly (about 10 mm deep) for 6 min, and those of the stretching group treated by holding the rat's limb to make the hip and knee joints to an angle of about 180°, and the ankle-joint about 90° for 1 min every time, 3 times altogether (with an interval of 1 min between every 2 times). The activity of the trigger point was estimated by the sample entropy of the EMG signal sequence in reference to Richman's and Moorman's methods to estimate the curative effect of both needling and exercise. RESULTS: After the modeling cycle, the mean sample entropies of EMG signals was significantly decreased in the model groups (needling group [0.034±0.010], stretching group [0.045±0.023], needling plus stretching group [0.047±0.034]) relevant to the blank control group (0.985±0.196, P0.05), suggesting a better efficacy of dry needling in easing trigger point activity. CONCLUSION: Dry needling is able to relieve myofascial trigger point activity in rats, which is better than that of simple passive stretching therapy.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700367

ABSTRACT

A simple and rapid liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS) method was de-veloped and validated for simultaneous determination of acetaminophen and oxycodone in human plasma. Acetaminophen-d4 and oxycodone-d3 were used as internal standards. The challenge en-countered in the method development that the high plasma concentration level of acetaminophen made the MS response saturated while the desired lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) for oxycodone was hard to reach was well solved. The analytes were extracted by protein precipitation using acetonitrile. The matrix effect of the analytes was avoided by chromatographic separation using a hydrophilic C18 column coupled with gradient elution. Multiple reaction monitoring in positive ion mode was performed on tandem mass spectrometer employing electrospray ion source. The calibration curves were linear over the concentration ranges of 40.0–8000 ng/mL and 0.200–40.0 ng/mL for acetaminophen and oxycodone, respectively. This method, which could contribute to high throughput analysis and better clinical drug monitoring, was successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study in healthy Chinese volunteers.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696346

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics of cognitive development of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) degree centrality (DC) from the view of neuro-imaging.Methods Forty-five ADHD children were diagnosed at specialist clinic of Changzhou Children's Hospital,Nantong University from June 2015 to December 2016,and they were divided into 3 groups according to their ages (children aged 7-8 years old,9-10 years old and 11-12 years old,15 children in each group) and received the resting-state fMRI scans.DC value was used to analyze fMRI data.Comparative analysis was done pairwise between the three groups.Results Compared with 7-8 years old group,9-10 years old group showed lower DC value in cerebellum posterior lobe (t =-4.36) and higher DC in inferior parietal lobe (t =-5.86),and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05,after correction).Compared with 7-8 years old group,11-12 years old group showed lower DC value in cerebellum posterior lobe (t =-4.99) and higher DC in left superior temporal gyrus (t =5.18) and superior frontal gyrus (t =4.58),and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05,after correction).Compared with 9-10 years old group,11-12 years old group showed lower DC value in inferior parietal lobe (t =-5.71) and higher DC value in left superior temporal gyrus (t =5.05) and superior frontal gyrus (t =4.36),and all the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05,after correction).Conclusion Children with ADHD at different ages had different characteristics of brain regions of fMRI.It can offer objective evidence for early cognitive intervention of children with ADHD at different ages.

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Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 799-802, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709358

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the tolerance and prognosis of chemotherapy in patients aged 80 year and over with lung cancer in China.Methods This retrospective study was performed on 30 patients aged 80 year and over with lung cancer who received chemotherapy at our hospital from 2012 to 2017.We collected basal clinical and laboratory data before chemotherapy,recorded the treatment regimens,side effects,and outcome of chemotherapy,and analyzed the overall survival of patients with stage Ⅳ lung cancer.Results The patients aged 80 90 years were mainly males (63.3%,19/30),and most of them had good performance status (PS) with PS 0-1 in 22 patients (73.3%) and activity of daily living (ADL) score ≥90 in 18 patients (60.0%).Patients were treated with a median of 4 chemotherapy courses,and half of them had adverse reactions of degree ⅢI or above.A total of 21 patients (70.0 %) had myelosuppression and 3 (10.0 %) had weakness,while clinical efficacy occurred in 17 (68.0%) patients.The median of overall survival was 8.5 months (95%CI:2.396-14.604) in 25 patients with stage IⅣ lung cancer.Conclusions Some patients with lung cancer aged 80 years and over can benefit from chemotherapy.The patients with better PS and ADL may be more suitable for chemotherapy.The adverse reactions of chemotherapy need to be closely monitored.

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