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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885510

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and molecular genetic features of neonatal congenital Netherton syndrome (NS) caused by mutations in serine protease inhibitor of Kazal type 5 ( SPINK5) gene. Methods:This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of an NS neonate admitted to Shanghai Children's Hospital in November 2018. SPINK5 gene was analyzed using high-throughput sequencing and Sanger sequencing. Relevant articles were retrieved from various databases including China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang and PubMed, and the reported cases who were diagnosed as NS within two months after birth with SPINK5 gene sequencing results were reviewed. Clinical features, gene mutations, treatment and follow-up results of NS were summarized using descriptive statistical analysis. Results:The patient presented with diffuse erythema and desquamation, sparse hair and repeated infections shortly after birth. Laboratory tests revealed elevated IgE (111 IU/ml) and "invagination-like" change in the hair under optical microscope. SPINK5 gene analysis found that there were compound heterozygous mutations of c.2468dup (p.Lys824Glufs*4) and c.377_378del (p.Tys126*) in the child. The pedigree analysis found that the two mutations were respectively inherited from the father and the mother, which supported the diagnosis of NS caused by SPINK5 gene mutation. Though skin rash improved after comprehensive treatments including anti-infection therapy, gamma globulin injection and skincare, the patient suffered from recurrent infection and was discharged from the hospital after giving up treatment and died of infection at two months old. Eleven NS cases were retrieved from literature and altogether 12 cases were analyzed here. The most common clinical manifestations in the 12 patients were early skin diffuse erythema and desquamation (12/12), infection (8/12), dry hair (7/12), hypernatremia dehydration (7/12), high IgE (5/12), growth retardation (4/12), respiratory failure (3/12), atopic constitution (2/12), diarrhea (2/12), dysphagia (1/12), hypothermia (1/12), wheezing (1/12), hypertension (1/12), liver failure (1/12) and metabolic alkalosis (1/12). Conclusions:NS is caused by SPINK5 gene mutation with atypical manifestations in neonates. Neonates with diffuse erythema and desquamation of the skin, repeated infections, dry hair and especially with high blood IgE should be considered the possibility of NS. Genetic testing is conducive to early diagnosis, guiding treatment decisions and providing a basis for genetic counseling.

2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 193-196, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884866

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mechanism and clinical features of pseudomembranous colitis(PMC)caused by antitubercular agents for providing a reference for its clinial treatment.Methods:One PMC case was admitted to our hospital in January 2019, and the remaining 27 cases were reported at home and abroad from January 1990 to May 2020 after the application of anti-tuberculosis drugs, all of which were obtained by literature retrieval.The domestic and foreign literature on PMC caused by antitubercular agents were reviewed.The agents causing PMC, clinical characteristics and prognosis were analyzed and summarized.Results:In this paper, 28 PMC cases caused by anti-tuberculosis drugs were reviewed.The ratio of men to women was 1.0∶1.5, with a median age of 65.5 years.The 22 cases were aged 60 years and over, accounting for 78.6 percent.The onset time of PMC symptoms in 28 patients was from 6 d to 126 d after anti-tuberculosis treatment, with a median time of 32 d. All patients immediately after diagnosis of PMC stopped all anti-tuberculosis drugs, and received metronidazole or vancomycin, with a good prognosis.Seven cases relapsed after continuing anti-tuberculosis treatment.Of them, 4 cases had no recurrence only after stopping or replacing rifampicin with other drugs.Conclusions:The incidence of PMC is increased in elderly patients with long-term use of rifampicin anti-tuberculosis treatment, and it is easy to relapse.The prolonged use of rifampicin should be avoided or replaced with other anti-tubercular agents.

3.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 232-236, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884168

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy is an important treatment for malignant tumors, but it will have a negative impact on the reproductive function of young female patients.In recent years, the measures to protect female fertility are increasing, including clinical mature technologies such as embryo cryopreservation and mature oocyte cryopreservation; highly experimental technologies such as immature oocyte in vitro fertilization and ovarian tissue cryopreservation and transplantation.In addition, the application of stem cells and the proposal of artificial ovary also show great prospects in the protection of female fertility.This paper reviews the research progress of female fertility protection strategies in radiotherapy.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 342-344, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883722

ABSTRACT

Objective:Combined with the actual work requirements of brucellosis in Qinghai Province, to design a management information system for brucellosis patients, in order to realize the information of diagnosis and treatment of brucellosis patients.Methods:Based on the theory of management information system, according to the functional requirements of the actual work and performance parameters, the general framework of management information system was designed, the establishment of the management information system was gradually completed, and the system was improved through the system testing.Results:The system was easy to use and easy to operate, and patient's detailed information, diagnosis and treatment results and treatment plan could be obtained quickly. At the same time, follow-up, trace investigation, and brucellosis prevention and treatment propaganda could be carried out.Conclusions:The established brucellosis management information system can realize the electronic management of patient information, master the disease development and diagnosis and treatment results of brucellosis patients. Through follow-up investigation, the system can increase active screening and early warning of suspected cases, and provide health education to realize early diagnosis and early treatment of the patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 283-285, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883710

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the causes and epidemiological characteristics of an outbreak of brucellosis in Haidong City Qinghai Province, and provide a scientific basis for prevention and control of brucellosis.Methods:Using the retrospective research method, the epidemic data on brucellosis, field case investigations, serological test results in Haidong City, Qinghai Province in 2019 were collected from the "China Disease Prevention and Control Information System", and the above data were analyzed by descriptive epidemiological analysis.Results:There were 3 confirmed brucellosis patients, who were breeders of the farm; 1 case of latent infection was found in key population, who was villager from the same village as the confirmed patients; 4 people had a history of close contact with infected sheep. A total of 110 sheep serum and 7 bovine serum samples were collected in the animal breeding area, of which 26 were positive, all were sheep serum; 568 sheep serum and 17 bovine serum samples in the same village were negative.Conclusions:The key occupational groups contacted with infected sheep without protection is the main cause of this epidemic. Health education on brucellosis prevention and control should be vigorously carried out to improve the awareness of the people to prevent the disease; the monitoring of animal brucellosis by relevant departments should be strengthened to effectively control the spread of animal brucellosis, and prevent the occurrence of human brucellosis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883619

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mental health status of overseas medical students during the COVID-19 epidemic, so as to provide references for the improvement of their mental health level.Methods:Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) was applied to make a survey online among 118 overseas medical students. SPSS 19.0 was used for statistical analysis, and independent sample ttest and univariate analysis were conducted between the groups. Results:The analysis showed that during the COVID-19 epidemic, the scores of SCL-90 factors of overseas medical students in China were significantly higher than those of Chinese youth norms ( P<0.001). The top four scores were as follows: obsessive-compulsive symptoms > paranoia ideation > interpersonal sensitivity > depression. The positive screening rate for SCL-90 of the overseas students was 40.4%. The scores of male overseas students were significantly higher than those of female students ( P<0.01). The scores of overseas students living outside China at present were significantly higher those of students living in China and on campus ( P<0.001). Conclusion:The mental health status of the overseas medical students needs to be attached great importance during the COVID-19 epidemic. Targeted psychological counseling and intervention should be given to foreign students both staying outside China and those on campus.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883577

ABSTRACT

Objective:To make an empirical study on verifying whether the self-developed simple laparoscopic simulator can play a good role in the training of laparoscopic skills.Methods:Twenty-four Batch 2018 and Batch 2019 undergraduates of five-year clinical medicine of the Army Medical University were recruited in this study, and they were randomly divided into a research group and a control group for 4 weeks of simulation training, 3 times a week, 1 class hour each time. The training content was fundamental laparoscopic skills (FLSs). Before and after the training, the assessment was performed and the results and completion time were recorded. After the training, a satisfaction questionnaire was conducted among all trainees. SPSS 22.0 was used for data statistical analysis.Results:There was no statistical difference between the completion time and assessment results of the two groups before training ( P > 0.05). After four weeks of training, the completion time of the research group was shortened by 10.03% and the training performance increased by 35.17%; the completion time of the control group was shortened by 2.09%, and the training performance improved 12.34%. The comparison between groups found that the research group was superior than the control group, and the performance of the two groups were all improved after training. Most trainees recognized the simulator and were willing to promote it to other trainees according to the questionnaire feedback. Conclusion:The original laparoscopic simulator has a better training effect on simulation training than the traditional apprenticeship teaching has, which is of great significance for the promotion and optimization of laparoscopic skills teaching.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882499

ABSTRACT

Mitofusin 2 (Mfn2) plays an important role in the process of mitochondrial fusion, and is involved in regulating mitochondrial function and morphological changes. Studies have found that Mfn2 has a tumor suppressor effect in a variety of malignant tumors and their cell lines, including cervical cancer, hepatocellular cancer, pancreatic cancer, breast cancer, and bladder cancer. The difference in the expression of Mfn2 in malignant tumor tissues suggests that Mfn2 may play an important role in the proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and migration of malignant tumor cells. As a cancer-related gene, Mfn2 provides new ideas for gene therapy of malignant tumors.

9.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 338-344, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880278

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Immune checkpoint inhibitor monotherapy is reported to have little effect in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with driver oncogenes. However, recent studies have shown that some patients with driver genes are still benefit from combination immunotherapy after tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) drug resistance. The purpose of this study was to analyze the efficacy of posterior line immunotherapy in NSCLC patients with epidermal growth factor (EGFR) sensitive mutation, and to evaluate the value of immunotherapy in posterior line therapy in patients with advanced EGFR mutation.@*METHODS@#A total of 27 patients with EGFR mutation diagnosed in Beijing Chest Hospital, Capital Medical University from June 2018 to November 2020 were collected. After the progress of targeted therapy, they had received programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) checkpoint inhibitor combined with chemotherapy and anti-angiogenic drug therapy.@*RESULTS@#Of the 27 advanced NSCLC patients, 19 cases (70.4%) did not have T790M mutation. There were 8 cases (29.6%) with T790M point mutation. The total objective response rate (ORR) was 40.7%. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that there was no statistically significant difference among different EGFR mutations (χ²=4.15, P=0.230). But progression-free survival (PFS) was significantly longer in patients without T790M mutation than in patients with T790M mutation (9.2 mon vs 3.3 mon, χ²=2.808, P=0.041), and the same trend was observed in patients with overall survival treated with the PD-1 inhibitor (12.2 mon vs 7.3 mon, χ²=3.22, P=0.062). ORR of patients without T790M was significantly better than that with T790M (52.63% vs 12.5%, P=0.045).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients with EGFR mutation can benefit from later-line combined immunotherapy. The patients with T790M mutation in the population of EGFR mutation had the worst effect of immunotherapy in the later line. Therefore, the follow-up treatment and whole-course management of these patients need to explore better treatment strategies to improve the benefit.

10.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 161-166, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880253

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Immunotherapy represented by immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) has been widely used in the treatment of lung cancer. There are controversies in clinical practice for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and high programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression receiving ICIs monotherapy or combination chemotherapy.@*METHODS@#This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 49 patients with advanced NSCLC and high PD-L1 expression. Immunohistochemistry was performed with 22C3 antibody, and the expression level of PD-L1 was evaluated according to tumor proportion score (TPS). Objective response rate (ORR) and progression free survival (PFS) were compared by groups of different clinical characteristics.@*RESULTS@#ORR of monotherapy and combination therapy group was 47.1% (8/17) and 43.8% (14/32), respectively, without statistical difference (P=0.825). The median PFS of monotherapy and combination therapy group was 8.0 months and 6.8 months, respectively, without statistical difference (P=0.502). Statistical analysis of predictors of immunotherapy for the patients showed first-line immunotherapy had better ORR than subsequent immunotherapy (12/19, 63.2% vs 10/30, 33.3%, P=0.041), however no difference in PFS. And there were no differences in ORR or PFS among groups of age, gender, smoking status, performance status (PS), pathological type, tumor size and tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The therapeutic effect is similar between ICIs monotherapy and combination chemotherapy for patients with advanced NSCLC and high PD-L1 expression. ORR of first-line immunotherapy was better in patients with advanced NSCLC and high PD-L1 expression. The optimal treatment for this population remains further prospective clinical studies.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880243

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Targeted therapy for patients with driver genes positive and immunotherapy for patients with driver gene-negative but high programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression are the standards of first-line treatment for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The treatment options for patients with driver gene positive and high PD-L1 expression are still worth exploring.@*METHODS@#The characteristics of 315 patients with NSCLC were identified to analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with driver gene positive and high PD-L1 expression, and the efficacy of targeted therapy.@*RESULTS@#Among the 315 patients, the total positive rate of driver genes was 62.2%, and the high PD-L1 expression rate (≥50.0%) was 11.2%. The proportion of patients with driver gene positive and high PD-L1 expression was 10.7%. PD-L1 was highly expressed in patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation, KRAS mutation, ALK fusion, BRAF mutation, and MET 14 exon skip mutation, the proportions were 7.8% (11/141), 18.2% (4/22), and 23.1%, (3/13), 50.0% (2/4) and 100.0% (1/1) respectively. EGFR mutation positive with PD-L1 high expression was mainly in patients with stage IV lung adenocarcinoma. KRAS mutation positive with PD-L1 high expression was mainly in patients with a history of smoking. Among them, two patients were followed in detail for targeted therapy, who with ALK fusion-positive and PD-L1 high expression (90.0%), EGFR L858R mutation and PD-L1 high expression (70.0%) respectively. The total OS of the patients was 5 months, 2 months.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The high PD-L1 expression rate in NSCLC patients with different driver gene mutations was variable, which maybe correlated with distinct clinicopathological characteristics. Patients with sensitive mutations and high PD-L1 expression may be less benefit from targeted therapy and have poor prognosis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879017

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents of water extracts of Asplenium ruprechtii were investigated. Five compounds were isolated by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 gel column chromatographies and preparative HPLC, and their structures were identified by various spectral analyses as aspleniumside G(1), trans-p-coumaric acid(2), trans-p-coumaric acid 4-O-β-D-glucoside(3), cis-p-coumaric acid 4-O-β-D-glucoside(4), and(E)-ferulic acid-4-O-β-D-glucoside(5). Among them, compound 1 is a new 9,19-cycloartane glycoside.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Glucosides , Glycosides , Triterpenes
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878980

ABSTRACT

Artemisiae Annuae Herba is a traditional Chinese medicine for clearing deficiency and heat. It is the only natural source of artemisinin, which is a specific antimalarial drug, and has been widely concerned all over the world. In addition to artemisinin, Artemisiae Annuae Herba also contains many sesquiterpenes, coumarins, flavonoids, volatile oils, polysaccharides and other chemical components, which show antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, antiviral microorganisms, anti-asthma, anti-oxidation, anti-tumor and other pharmacological activities. In addition to their own pharmacological activities, some components could enhance the antimalarial activity of artemisinin through different mechanisms at absorption and metabolism in vivo. In order to understand the pharmacokinetic characte-ristics of the chemical constituents contained in Artemisiae Annuae Herba and provide reference for the full development and clinical utilization of Artemisiae Annuae Herba resources in China, this present paper systematically collated the modern research literatures, and summarized the biosynthesis, in vivo analysis and pharmacokinetics of the chemical constituents in Artemisiae Annuae Herba.


Subject(s)
Antimalarials , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Oils, Volatile
14.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 289-295, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818421

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe assessment of volume load status in patients with acute heart failure is of great significance for preventing volume overload. The aim of this study was to explore the predictive value of NT-proBNP level and IVC-CI on volume load and prognosis in patients with acute heart failure. MethodsFrom January 2017 to April 2019, the clinical characteristics of 98 patients with acute heart failure diagnosed and treated in the Peking University People's Hospital were retrospectively reviewed in this study. All of them were treated with routine anti-heart failure treatment. According to the level of relative volume balance, they were divided into volume overload group (65 cases) and non-volume overload group (33 cases). All the patients were followed up for 30 days after discharge. The patients with death and cardiogenic rehospitalization were included in the event group (30 cases), and the rest were in the non-event group (68 cases). NT-proBNP and IVC-CI in different volume load groups and different prognosis groups were compared. The volume index levels (serum albumin, hemoglobin, hematocrit, PCWP, CVP) of patients in different volume load groups were compared. The effects of NT-proBNP and IVC-CI on volume load and prognosis of patients were analyzed.ResultsThe levels of NT-proBNP [(1306.39±313.98)pg/mL], PCWP [(19.63±1.95)mmHg] and CVP [(14.65±1.03)cmHg] in the volume overload group were higher than those in the non-volume overload group, while the IVC-CI [(38.26±8.14)%], albumin [(16.23±2.12)g/L], hemoglobin and hematocrit [(36.26±2.78)%] in the volume overload group were lower than those in the non-volume overload group (P0.05). On discharge, the AUC of NT-proBNP, IVC-CI in predicting patients with acute heart failure was respectively 0.806 and 0.847. Although the prediction accuracy was relatively high, the AUC of combined prediction was 0.982, which was significantly higher than that of NT-proBNP and IVC-CI (Z=3.589, 3.274, both P<0.05).Conclusion There is a correlation between NT-proBNP, IVC-CI and volume indexes. The combined detection of NT-proBNP and IVC-CI can help to assess the volume load status of patients with acute heart failure and improve the predictive value of short-term prognosis of patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781700

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression of microRNA-495-5p (miRNA-495-5p) in the serum of preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) based on a bioinformatics analysis, and to provide a theoretical basis for further research on the association between miRNA-495-5p and BPD.@*METHODS@#A total of 40 preterm infants who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from January 2015 to December 2016 were enrolled. Among these infants, 20 with early clinical manifestations of BPD were enrolled as the BPD group, and 20 without such manifestations were enrolled as the control group. Peripheral blood samples were collected. The miRNA microarray technique was used to screen out differentially expressed miRNAs in serum between the two groups. RT-PCR was used for validation of results. TargetScan, miRDB, and miRWalk databases were used to predict the target genes of miRNA-495-5p. The DAVID database was used to perform gene ontology (GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis of the target genes.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the BPD group had a significant increase in the expression of miRNA-495-5p in serum (P<0.05). A total of 117 target genes of miRNA-495-5p were predicted by the above three databases and they were involved in several molecular functions (including transcriptional regulatory activity, transcriptional activation activity, and transcription cofactor activity), biological processes (such as metabolic regulation, DNA-dependent transcriptional regulation, and vascular pattern), and cell components (including nucleoplasm, membrane components, and insoluble components) (P<0.05). As for signaling pathways, these genes were significantly enriched in the mTOR signaling pathway (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#MiRNA-495-5p may be involved in the development and progression of BPD by regulating angiogenesis, stem cell differentiation, apoptosis, and autophagy, which provides clues for further research on the role and functional mechanism of miRNA-495-5p in BPD.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Computational Biology , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Transcription, Genetic
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 301-309, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781588

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Mesenchymal stem or stromal cells (MSCs) derived from the induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have uniform biological activity, which makes the clinical application of MSCs in bone repair possible. Culturing the iPSC-MSCs onto osteoconductive materials is a promising tissue engineering-based strategy in bone regeneration. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) and hypoxia inducible factor 1 subunit alpha (HIF1α) co-overexpression on the survival and osteogenic differentiation of iPSC-MSCs.@*METHODS@#Sema3A and HIF1α were linked together with the three (GGGGS; G, glycine; S, serine) peptide fragment, and their co-expression in iPSC-MSCs was mediated by a lentiviral vector. The fusion protein retained the immune reactivity for both Sema3A and HIF1α as determined with Western blotting. iPSC-MSCs were infected with overexpression lentivirus (oeLenti) as negative control, oeLenti-Sema3A, oeLenti-HIF1α or oeLenti-Sema3A-HIF1α lentiviruses.@*RESULTS@#Sema3A overexpression alone promoted the osteogenic differentiation of iPSC-MSCs (the activity and/or expression of osteoblast markers, such as alkaline phosphatase, osteopontin, and osteocalcin, were upregulated), and suppressed cell survival. The Sema3A-HIF1α fusion protein showed a comparable osteoconductive effect to that of Sema3A without reducing cell survival. We further seeded iPSC-MSCs modified by SemaA-HIF1α overexpression onto hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffolds, and evaluated their growth and differentiation on this three-dimensional material. Additional data indicated that, as compared to iPSC-MSCs cultured in ordinary two-dimensional dishes, cells cultured in HA scaffolds grew (blank vs. HA scaffolds: 0.83 vs. 1.39 for survival) and differentiated better (blank vs. HA scaffolds: 11.29 vs. 16.62 for alkaline phosphatase activity).@*CONCLUSION@#Modifying iPSC-MSCs with pro-osteogenic (Sema3A) and pro-survival (HIF1α) factors may represent a promising strategy to optimize tissue engineering-based strategy in bone repair.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781349

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aims to investigate the occlusal and myoelectric characteristics of implant-supported fixed denture in the mandibular region and provide reference for the design of fixed restoration.@*METHODS@#Sixty edentulous patients with implant-supported fixed denture were selected and divided into three groups: group A, 20 cases with implant-supported fixed restoration in the maxillary region; group B, 20 cases with natural dentition, and group C, 20 cases with removable partial denture. The T-scan 8.0 digital occlusion analysis system was used to evaluate the occlusal characteristics of patients in the three groups at intercuspal, protrusion, and left and right lateral positions. Electromyography was used to analyze the myoelectric amplitude and bilateral asymmetry index of the anterior temporalis and masseter of the three groups in different states such as resting and clenching. The relationship between occlusion and myoelectricity was also investigated.@*RESULTS@#In the occlusion analysis by T-scan, the occlusion time, the balance of left and right bite force, the left and right asymmetry of the occlusion center, the trajectory of central occlusion force, and the disclusion time were higher in group C than in groups A and B (P<0.05). No significant differences were observed in the anterior and posterior asymmetry of the occlusion center and percentage of bite force at anterior region among the three groups. In the analysis of myoelectricity, the myoelectric amplitude at resting state and the asymmetry index of masticatory muscles in group C were higher than those in groups A and B (P<0.05). The myoelectric amplitude during clenching in groups A and B groups was higher than that in group C (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In implant-supported fixed restoration at edentulous mandibular, when maxillary includes the removable partial denture, degree of occlusal instability and left and right asymmetry of occlusion center are greater than those with the natural dentition and implant-supported fixed denture at maxillary. The myoelectricity is closely related to occlusion. The removable partial denture can increase the myoelectric activity and reduce the potential of the masticatory muscle. The asymmetry of bilateral myoelectricity is related to the occlusion imbalance.


Subject(s)
Bite Force , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Humans , Mandible , Masticatory Muscles
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871114

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) during pregnancy at advanced maternal age for their second child at advanced maternal age, and to explore the relationship with neonatal outcomes.Methods:This study involved 1 965 women of advanced maternal age who delivered the second child in the Northwest Women's and Children's Hospital from July 1 to December 31, 2017. Clinical data of these women and their newborns were collected through the electronic medical record information system. According to pre-pregnancy BMI, all subjects were divided into four groups: underweight group (<18.5 kg/m 2, n=139), normal weight group (18.5-23.9 kg/m 2, n=1 342), overweight group (24.0-27.9 kg/m 2, n=404) and obese group (≥28.0 kg/m 2, n=80). According to the GWG standard recommended by the American Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 2009, they were also divided into three groups: inadequate GWG group ( n=478), normal GWG group ( n=884) and excessive GWG group ( n=603). Mann-Whitey U test, Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test were used as statistical methods. Effects of pre-pregnancy BMI and GWG on gestational age and birth weight of the newborns were analyzed by binary and multi-class logistic regression models. Results:The median pre-pregnancy BMI of the 1 965 women was 22.1 (20.3-23.9) kg/m 2 and patients with abnormal pre-pregnancy BMI accounted for 31.7% (623/1 965). Their median GWG was 13.0 (10.0-16.0) kg and 55.0% (1 081/1 965) of them were abnormal. Compared with normal pre-pregnant weight women, overweight and obesity subjects were associated with increased risks of preterm birth ( OR=2.100, 95% CI: 1.398-3.156), low birth weight infants (LBWI) ( OR=3.187, 95% CI: 1.892-5.367) and macrosomia ( OR=1.758, 95% CI: 1.182-2.614); pre-pregnancy underweight reduced the incidence of large for gestational age (LGA) infants ( OR=0.476, 95% CI: 0.236-0.960). Compared with the normal GWG group, the inadequate GWG group had increased risks of preterm birth ( OR=2.316, 95% CI: 1.530-3.505) and LBWI ( OR=1.850, 95% CI: 1.103-3.104), while the excessive GWG group showed increased risks of macrosomia ( OR=1.828, 95% CI: 1.225-2.726) and LGA infants ( OR=1.955, 95% CI: 1.448-2.640), but a reduced risk of LBWI ( OR=0.359, 95% CI: 0.193-0.667) and small for gestational age infants ( OR=0.452, 95% CI: 0.240-0.852). Conclusions:Both abnormal pre-pregnancy BMI (underweight, overweight and obese) and GWG (inadequate and excessive) have adverse effects on neonatal outcomes in women of advanced age in pregnancy for their second baby. Weight management should be addressed during the whole pregnancy, including both adjusting the pre-pregnancy BMI to normal range and maintaining reasonable GWG, so as to reduce potential adverse outcomes in newborns.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870732

ABSTRACT

Family doctor studio is an important form and carrier to improve primary care in the community. Cooperated between Tiantan Hospital and 14 community health service centers in Beijing Fengtai district, the intelligent family doctor studio has been in function since March 2019. With the help of information technology, general practioners and specialists in 26 community offered full-scale and integrated health management, providing online appointment and information sharing through cloud platform. In the meantime, continuing education was carried out both online and offline. This working mode would enhance family doctor contract service, improve general practitioner training as well as promote loose medical alliance.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870720

ABSTRACT

A total of 207 general practitioners who participated in the "Beijing-Hong Kong Community Health Service Training Demonstration Center Project" training from 2013 to 2017 were selected for this questionnaire survey. A self-designed questionnaire was used, which contained the basic information of the trainees, the training purpose, the shortcomings of training, the satisfaction and suggestions for training. Total 192 valid questionnaires were retrieved with a recovery rate of 92.8%. The in-depth personal interviews were conducted among 8 trainees who served as key trainers in community health service centers and 4 managers from their institutions, to investigate the subsequent application of the learning results after they returning to work. The survey showed that the reasons of participating in training were knowledge updates (165, 85.94%), competence requirements (128, 66.67%), and due to administration decision (127, 66.15%). The highest comprehensive scores of training needs were improvement of general practice thinking ability (4.63), followed by clinical diagnosis and treatment ability (4.44), and general practice skills (3.97). For teaching contents, participants were most interested in diagnosis ability (4.03) and clinical operative techniques (3.20). For the training form, the participants more favored the case discussion method (80.73%, 155/192), clinical practice (52.08%, 100/192) and community practice (38.02%,73/192). The trainees were highly satisfied with the overall training organization, training time, training form, and training teachers of the Beijing-Hong Kong training project, and had a good grasp of the training content. Half of trainees (97, 50.52%) thought that the main shortcomings of training was the discrepancy between training content and practical work. Interviewees showed that after the training, the team management, communication skills and disease management ability for some minor specialties had been significantly improved; the enthusiasm for scientific research had been stimulated; they had a certain managerial thinking; and were able to apply what they leant in community health service. In summary, the training project has reached the initial training goals to promote the comprehensive ability of trainees.

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