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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1-6, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907004

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide referen ce for improving the application of health technology assessment (HTA) in decision-making for health insurance drugs in China. METHODS The application of HTA in decision-making for health insurance drugs in Britain ,France,Germany and Sweden were sorted out and analyzed from two aspects :the establishment of HTA institutions and the process of HTA. The suggestions for improvement were put forward ,combined with the implementation of HTA in China. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS Britain,France,Germany and Sweden have set up special HTA institutions ,which perform their respective duties and cooperate closely. During the implementation of HTA ,the above four countries have set different value assessment criteria to screen drugs with “high cost performance ”,all stakeholders actively participate ,make the evaluation results and decisions public ,set up objection handling links ,open a rapid evaluation channel to improve the accessibility of drugs ,and re-evaluate the drugs included in the reimbursement list to ensure the sustainability of medical insurance. It is suggested that China should combine the national conditions ,strengthen the cooperation of HTA institutions ,focus on talent training and comprehensive value assessment criteria , promote stakeholder ’s participation , improve the transparency of decision-making,and improve the implementation procedures of HTA in China.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 185-189, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920583

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the relationship between health literacy and unhealthy eating behavior of junior middle school students in rural areas of Jiangxi Province, and to provide a reference for specific strategies for healthy eating behavior.@*Methods@#Stratified cluster random sampling was used to investigate the health literacy and unhealthy eating behavior of 4 311 students in grades 7 to 8 from 50 middle schools in rural areas of Jiangxi Province, the relationship between health literacy and unhealthy eating behavior was analyzed by Chi square test and Logistic regression.@*Results@#Health literacy of junior middle school students in rural areas (≥58 points) was 18.21%. Prevalence of unhealthy eating behavior was relatively high, among which irregular three meal time was the highest (62.33%), followed by high consumption of sugar sweetened beverage, insufficient dairy products consumption, breakfast skipping ever day and insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables, accounting for 54.60%, 50.38 %, 36.23% and 19.53%, respectively. The risk of irregular meal time ( OR =1.35, 95% CI =1.11-1.65), breakfast skipping every day ( OR = 1.23 , 95% CI =1.01-1.49), insufficient dairy products consumption ( OR =1.29, 95% CI =1.07-1.55), insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables ( OR =1.45, 95% CI =1.10-1.92) and high consumption of sugar sweetened beverage ( OR =1.39, 95% CI = 1.15 -1.68) was higher than students with high health literacy ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#There is a correlation between health literacy and unhealthy eating behavior of junior middle school students in rural areas of Jiangxi Province, schools, families, governments and relevant departments can improve the health literacy level of junior high school students to improve their unhealthy eating behavior, so as to improve the health status of junior high school students.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884571

ABSTRACT

Objective:To preliminarily observe the clinical efficacy of microwave hyperthermia combined with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and chemotherapy for patients with locally advanced gastric cancer.Methods:Forty patients who could not been operated or refused operation were enrolled in this clinical trial, who were confirmed as locally advanced proximal or distal gastric cancer by gastroscopy pathology and imaging. Radiotherapy was delivered by IMRT technology for 5 times per week with a total dose of 46 to 56 Gy (median dose of 50 Gy) in 25 to 28 fractions. Synchronous hyperthermia was given at 42 to 44℃ twice a week, 45 min/time. S-1 or capecitabine-based synchronous chemotherapy was performed, d1-14/3 weeks. The symptom remission rate, adverse reactions, objective remission rate (complete and partial remission) and survival were observed.Results:A total of 40 patients, aged between 56 and 83 years (median age of 71 years), were enrolled in this study. The male-to-female ratio was 7: 1. Among them, 38 cases (95%) showed symptom remission. The most common adverse reactions were grade 1-2 gastrointestinal reactions and leukopenia. The objective remission rate was 87.5%, the 2-year progression-free survival and overall survival rates were 68.6% and 70.5%, respectively.Conclusion:Preliminary findings demonstrate that microwave hyperthermia combined with chemoradiotherapy achieve satisfactory outcomes and yield tolerable toxicity in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 303-308, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883715

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the infection status of Yersinia in the main host animals of plague in Xiahe and Luqu counties, the Himalayan marmot plague foci of Gansu Province, and to provide a basis for exploring the epidemic status of plague in these foci. Methods:Samples of the ileocecal region and contents, pharyngeal swabs (or tongue roots), and blood of the main host animals of plague in Xiahe County and Luqu County where the plague were active in the 1950s and 1960s were collected from 2014 to 2018. The Yersinia isolation, virulence determination and F1 antibody detection were performed, respectively. Results:Totally 24 strains of Yersinia were detected in 958 samples of ileocecal region and contents with a bacterial detection rate of 2.51%, which were 13 strains of Yersinia enterocolitia (Y.e), 1 strain of Yersinia kristensenii (Y.k), 2 strains of Yersinia frederiksenii/ intermedia (Y.f/i), 6 strains of Yersinia intermedia (Y.i), 1 strain of Yersinia aldouae (Y.a) and 1 strain of Yersinia massiliensis (Y.m). Totally 19 strains of Yersinia were detected in 958 samples of pharyngeal swabs (or tongue roots), and the detection rate was 1.98%, which were 8 strains of Y.e, 1 strain of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis (Y.p), 4 strains of Y.k, 1 strain of Y.f/i, 4 strains of Y.i, and 1 strain of Yersinia ruckeri (Y.r). The virulence types of 21 strains of Y.e were ail -ystA -ystB +yadA -virF -rfbc -, ail -ystA -ystB -yadA -virF -rfbc -, respectively, accounting for 9.52% (2/21) and 90.48% (19/21), none were pathogenic. The results of F1 antibody in 1 079 serum samples were all negative. Conclusions:Yersinia are widely found in the pharynx and intestines of the main host animals of plague in Xiahe and Luqu counties, and the Y.e detected are all non-pathogenic strains. The results of this investigation can provide clues for further study on the preservation of Yersinia pestis in host animals and their living environment.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883279

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of Da Vinci robotic assisted and laparos-copic assisted complete mesocolic excision (CME) for right hemicolon cancer.Methods:The propensity score matching and retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopatho-logical data of 119 patients with right hemicolon cancer who were admitted to Daping Hospital, Army Medical University from July 2016 to July 2019 were collected. There were 63 males and 56 females, aged (61±11)years. All the 119 patients underwent CME of right hemicolon. Of 119 patients, 37 cases undergoing Da Vinci robotic assisted CME of right hemicolon were divided into robotic group and 82 cases undergoing laparoscopic assisted CME of right hemicolon were divided into laparoscopic group. Observation indicators: (1) the propensity score matching conditions and comparison of general data between the two groups after propensity score matching; (2)intraoperative and postoperative situations; (3) postoperative pathological examination; (4)follow-up. Follow-up was conducted by outpatient examination or telephone interview to detect tumor metastasis and survival of patients after surgery up to August 2019. The propensity score matching was conducted by 1∶1 matching using the nearest neighbor method. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the independent sample t test. Count data were represented as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rate and the GraphPad Prism 5 software was used to draw survival curve. The Log-rank test was used for survival analysis. Results:(1) The propensity score matching conditions and comparison of general data between the two groups after propensity score matching: 68 of 119 patients had successful matching, including 34 cases in each group. Before propensity score matching, cases undergoing surgery by surgeon A or surgeon B were 32, 5 of the robotic group, versus 49, 33 of the laparoscopic group, showing a significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=8.381, P<0.05). After propensity score matching, the gender (males or females), age, body mass index (BMI), cases with tumor classified as stageⅠ, stage Ⅱ or stage Ⅲ of TNM staging, cases with tumor located at ileocecal region, ascending colon, hepatic flexor of colon or transverse colon, cases undergoing surgery by surgeon A or surgeon B were 17, 17, (62±10)years, (22.4±2.7)kg/m 2, 4, 14, 16, 3, 15, 10, 6, 29, 5 of the robotic group, versus 15, 19, (62±11)years, (22.4±2.8)kg/m 2, 4, 18, 12, 2, 19, 7, 6, 30, 4 of the laparoscopic group, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=0.236, t=0.127, 0.044, χ2=1.071, 1.200, 0.000, P>0.05). (2) Intraoperative and postoperative situations: after propensity score matching, the operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, cases undergoing conversion to open surgery, time to postoperative initial out-of-bed activities, time to postoperative first flatus, time to postoperative initial liquid food intake, duration of postoperative hospital stay and treatment expenses were (235±50)minutes, (73±45)mL, 0, (1.9±0.7)days, (2.9±1.2)days, (3.1±2.4)days, (9.1±4.9)days, (9.6±1.8)×10 4 yuan of the robotic group, versus (183±35)minutes, (74±74)mL, 1, (2.1±0.6)days, (3.3±1.4)days, (3.5±4.2)days, (9.1±3.9)days, (6.3±1.6)×10 4 yuan of the laparoscopic group, respectively. There were significant differences in the operation time and treatment expenses between the two groups ( t=5.050, 8.165, P<0.05) while there was no significant difference in the volume of intraoperative blood loss, time to postoperative initial out-of-bed activities, time to postoperative first flatus, time to postoperative initial liquid food intake or duration of postoperative hospital stay between the two groups ( t=0.118, ?0.462, ?1.129, ?1.291, 0.027, P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the conversion to open surgery between the two groups ( P>0.05). Five patients of the robotic group and 7 patients of the laparoscopic group had postoperative complications. There was no significant difference in the postoperative complications between the two groups ( χ2=0.405, P>0.05). (3) Postoperative pathological examination: after propensity score matching, cases with R 0 resection, the number of lymph node dissected, cases with lymph node metastasis and cases with tumor differentiation as well differentiated adenocarcinoma, moderately differentiated adeno-carcinoma, poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma or mucinous adenocarcinoma were 34, 17±5, 14, 1, 22, 6, 5 of the robotic group, versus 34, 17±5, 12, 2,20, 2, 10 of the laparoscopic group, respectively. There was no significant difference in the R 0 resection between the two groups ( P>0.05) and there was no significant difference in the number of lymph node dissected, lymph node metastasis and tumor differentiation between the two groups ( t=0.488, χ2=0.249, 4.095, P>0.05). (4) Follow-up: after propensity score matching, 68 patients were followed up for 1?36 months, with a median follow-up time of 24 months. The follow-up time was (20±13)months of the robotic group, versus (21±13)months of the laparoscopic group, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( t=0.409, P>0.05). During the follow-up, 3 cases of the robotic group and 4 cases of the laparoscopic group had tumor distant metastasis. The disease-free survival rate and overall survival rate at postoperative 3 years were 83.9% and 86.8% of the robotic group, versus 82.0% and 86.6% of the laparoscopic group, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=0.188, 0.193, P>0.05). Conclusion:Da Vinci robotic assisted CME for right hemicolon cancer is safe and feasible.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882936

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the application effect of traditional position and oblique supine lithotomy in percutaneous nephroscopy combined with ureteroscopy combined with double lithography, and explore the clinical nursing methods of oblique supine lithotomy.Methods:From January 2018 to January 2019 in our hospital, 82 patients with complicated calculi who underwent percutaneous nephroscopy combined with ureteroscopy and double lithoscopy were selected, and were divided into the control group ( n=40) and the observation group according to the random number table ( n=42). The control group took the lithotomy position after anesthesia, placed the ureteral stent tube and changed it to the prone position to complete the operation; the observation group placed the oblique supine lithotomy position to complete the operation after anesthesia, and there was no need to change the position during the operation. The posture time, blood pressure, heart rate, pulse oxygen, blood transfusion, bleeding, postoperative postural comfort and complications of the two groups were compared. Results:When placed in the position and at the end of the operation, the blood pressure of the control group was (109±31), (106±23) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), and the heart rate was (93 ±10), (95±15)times per minute; the blood pressure of the observation group was (130±19), (125±17)mmHg, the heart rate was (86±12), (85±9) times per minute, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t value was 2.86-4.26, P<0.01). The posture time of the observation group was (12.4±3.0) min and the control group was (21.2±6.9) min with statistically significant difference between two groups( t value was 7.550, P<0.01). The number of uncomfortable patients in the observation group after operation was 3 cases and 7 cases occurred in the control group. The difference was statistically significant ( χ2 value was 2.450, P<0.05). Conclusion:It is safe and feasible to use the oblique supine lithotomy position in double -lens combined stone removal, which can reduce the patient's discomfort and complications, and effectively improve the surgical efficiency and quality.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882718

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and reliability of endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) in the treatment of gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors (GI-NETs) with a diameter of ≤10mm.Methods:From February 2015 to June 2019, 40 cases of gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors with a diameter of ≤10mm underwent EMR in Yantaishan Hospital of Yantai City were retrospectively analyzed to evaluate the safety and reliability of EMR surgery.Results:All 40 cases were performed endoscopically by EMR. The en bloc resection rate and RO resection rate reached 100%. The lesions were all confined to the submucosa and did not infiltrate the muscularis propria. Postoperative pathological classification: NET G1: 35 cases, NET G2 grade: 5 cases, no NET G3 grade cases. There were no complications such as bleeding and perforation during and after the operation. Follow-up: 1 case was lost to follow-up, 1 patient died of other diseases, and the remaining 38 cases were followed up for an average of 27.8 months (5-46 months) without local recurrence or distant metastasis.Conclusion:For well-differentiated G1 and G2 gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors with a diameter ≤10mm, EMR is a safe and reliable treatment.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882532

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the key mechanism of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) inducing the expression of interleukin-17D (IL-17D) in lung cancer-associated fibroblast (CAF) and promoting the recruitment of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs).Methods:C57BL/6 mice were established for B16 lung melanoma metastasis model (tumor model group), and control group was set up, 6 mice in each group. Flow cytometry (FACS) was used to detect the lung CAF and the changes of its ability to secrete IL-17D and the proportion of MDSCs in tumor mice. The changes of TGF-β level in lung tumor were examined by ELISA and quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR). Lung fibroblasts were screened by FACS, and the effects of TGF-β on the secretion of IL-17D, C-C motif chemokine ligand (CCL)2 and CCL7 in fibroblasts were detected by RT-PCR. The migration of MDSCs under the condition of TGF-β stimulating fibroblasts was detected by Transwell.Results:The proportion of CAF (CD45 -CD326 -CD31 -) in the tumor model group was higher than that in the control group [(28.02±2.23)% vs. (7.35±2.14)%, t=9.956, P<0.001]. The ability of CAF to secrete IL-17D in the tumor model group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(38.27±2.93)% vs. (19.04±3.16)%, t=5.995, P=0.001]. The proportion of MDSCs in the tumor model group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(12.93±1.27)% vs. (8.21±1.40)%, t=4.804, P=0.009]. Compared with the control group, the protein and transcription levels of TGF-β in lung of the tumor model group were significantly increased [(1 685.07±135.61) ng/L vs. (1 047.98±68.50) ng/L, t=5.051, P=0.002; 2.17±0.03 vs. 1.00±0.05, t=51.237, P<0.001]. In vitro, lung fibroblasts were stimulated with different concentrations of TGF-β (0, 5 and 10 μg/L) for 24 hours, the relative expressions of IL-17D mRNA secreted by stimulated fibroblasts were 0.42±0.01, 0.67±0.01 and 0.84±0.04 respectively, the relative expressions of CCL2 mRNA in each group were 0.89±0.08, 1.08±0.04, 1.19±0.01 and CCL7 were 0.53±0.05, 0.65±0.04, 0.74±0.03 respectively. With the increase of TGF-β concentration, the expression levels of IL-17D, CCL2 and CCL7 in fibroblasts were significantly increased ( F=57.384, P<0.001; F=15.802, P=0.004; F=14.544, P=0.005). In addition, compared with the control group (0 μg/L TGF-β), fibroblasts treated with 10 μg/L TGF-β for 24 hours could promote the migration of MDSCs in spleen of tumor mice [(9.59±0.21)% vs. (2.14±0.24)%, t=6.585, P<0.001]. Conclusion:TGF-β can induce high expression of IL-17D in lung CAF, which is an important factor in promoting the expressions of CCL2 and CCL7 and the migration of MDSCs in tumor microenvironment.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906066

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of Yuanzhisan (YZS) containing Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma (YZSR) or Codonopsis Radix (YZSD) on memory disorder based on network and experimental pharmacology. Method:The active components and targets of YZS were retrieved from the component database and literature, and the targets of memory disorder from the disease databases. The intersection targets revealed by Veen diagram were subjected to pathway analysis. The common active components of YZSR and YZSD were molecularly docked onto the core targets. Scopolamine hydrobromide was used to establish the memory disorder model, which was employed in the behavioral experiments for evaluating the effect of YZSR and YZSD on memory disorder. Result:There existed 33 active components for Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma and 31 for Codonopsis Radix, with four common active components and 380 common targets. YZSR contained 85 active components and 790 drug targets, and YZSD 81 active components and 781 drug targets. The mapping of 425 memory disorder targets with those of YZSD and YZSD yielded 133 and 130 intersection targets, respectively. The metabolic pathways involved calcium ion signaling pathway, hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) signaling pathway, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway, etc. As revealed by molecular docking, the binding energy of common active components to the targets was negative, and the binding effect of frutinone A was the best. Behavioral experiment results showed that both YZSR and YZSD alleviated the memory disorder. In the step-down test, the number of errors in the YZSD group was significant lower than that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). In Morris water maze test, the movement distance of the YZSD group was remarkably shortened in comparison with that of the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). In the open field test, the movement distances of both the YZSR and YZSD group were shortened in contrast to that in the normal group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:YZS had a certain effect on memory disorder. There are similarities and differences between YZSR and YZSD in the treatment of memory disorder.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905992

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the possible mechanism of Xieheyin in alleviating obese polycystic ovary syndrome with insulin resistance(PCOS-IR)and reducing inflammatory response. Method:Ten of sixty SPF femlae C57BL/6J mice were randomly selected as the normal group,and the rest mice were given letrozole 0.002 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> combined with fecal suspension 2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> for 28 consecutive days to establish model of PCOS-IR.The mice that were successfully modeled were randomized into the model group,metformin group(0.25 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>),and low(10 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>),medium(20 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>),and high-dose(40 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>)Xieheyin groups,and administered with the corresponding drugs by gavage,once a day,for four consecutive weeks. Except the normal control group, the mice in the other groups were continuously given fecal suspension combined with letrozole solution to maintain the model during the treatment. The mice were weighed once a week.Levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG) were detected by blood glucose test strips.And enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method was used to detect serum testosterone(T),follicle stimulating hormone(FSH),luteinizing hormone(LH),fasting insulin(FINS)level,and LH/FSH and Homeostasis model assesment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were calculated.The uterus and ovaries were weighed and fixed.Hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining was used to observe ovarian tissue pathology morphology. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of tight junction key molecular zonula occludens 1(ZO-1),occludin in colon tissues,and the expression levels of Toll-like receptor 4/nuclear factor kappa B/Nod-like receptor protein 3(TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B/NLRP3)signaling pathway and inflammation associated proteins cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-1(Caspase-1) and interleukin-1<italic>β</italic>(IL-1<italic>β</italic>) in colon tissues. Result:Compared with normal control group,the body weight of mice in the model control group increased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Serum FINS,FBG,HOMA-IR,T,LH/FSH were significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The uterine organ ratio were decreased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.01),while the ovarian organ ratio were significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The number of atresia follicles and cystic dilatation follicles increased significantly,and the number of corpus luteum significantly decreased,the thickness of follicular granulosa cells also decreased,while the white membrane thickness of the ovary increased. Tight junction related ZO-1,occludin proteins in colon tissues were all decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01).The relative expression levels of inflammation-related protein IL-1<italic>β</italic>,Caspase-1 and TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B/NLRP3 target protein signaling pathway were significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05).Compared with model control group, the body weight of mice in the low,middle and high dose Xieheyin group decreased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The serum T,LH/FSH,FINS,FBG,HOMA-IR were significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The uterine organ ratio were increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05),while the ovarian organ ratio were decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.05). The number of cystic follicles decreased and corpus luteum increased,the thickness of follicular granulosa cells increased and be arranged normally,while the white membrane thickness of the ovary increased slightly. The expressions of ZO-1,occludin proteins were increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The expression levels of IL-1<italic>β</italic>,Caspase-1 and TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B/NLRP3 target protein in the high dose group were significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Xieheyin could activate intestinal TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B/NLRP3 signaling pathway,inhibit pro-inflammatory factor secretion,improve obesity and IR,which was correlated with rebuilding intestinal mucosal barrier and inhibiting intestinal inflammation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905310

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of vowel production of dysarthria after stroke, and the relationship between vowel production and speech clarity. Methods:From October, 2019 to January, 2020, 19 patients with post-stroke dysarthria and 18 healthy controls were asked to read a short essay to extract vowels, and measured the jaw distance, tongue distance, F2i/F2u, vowel space area (VSA), vowel articulation index (VAI), F1 and F2 variability, and speech clarity. The correlation between vowel production and speech clarity were analyzed. Results:Tongue distance, F2i/F2u, VSA, VAI, and speech clarity were less in the patients than in the controls (|t| > 2.268, P < 0.05), while F2 variability was more (t = 2.375, P < 0.05). F2i/F2u (r = 0.465), VAI (r = 0.488) and F2 variability (r = -0.504) were correlated to speech clarity (P < 0.05). Conclusion:The vowel production impaired in patients with post-stroke dysarthria, featured as abnormal articulatory movements, concentration of vowels and poor stability of vowels, which impacts the speech clarity.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905304

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of home-based rehabilitation training on a patient with posterior shoulder dislocation with reverse Hill-Sacks lesion. Methods:According to the preoperative and postoperative evaluation and the operation way, a four-phase home-based rehabilitation training plan was developed for the patient, which included the training of muscle strength and range of motion, and proprioceptive sensation training and so on. The patient was followed up in rehabilitation department regularly. The range of motion was measured, and were also evaluated with Manual Muscle Test, Visual Analogue Score (VAS) and modified Rowe Score. Results:Six months after operation, the active range of motion of flexion, extension, adduction, abduction and external rotation of his shoulder reached to the normal range, the active internal rotation reached to level L3, the muscle strength recovered to the normal level, the VAS decreased from six preoperative to 0 postoperative, and the modified Rowe Score improved from 16 preoperative to 91. Ten months after operation, his active internal rotation reached to level L1, and the modified Rowe Score was 93. Conclusion:Individualized remote guidance and reasonable home-based rehabilitation training might be effective on posterior shoulder dislocation with reverse Hill-Sacks lesion.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905268

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of physical therapy and heel sound feedback on lower limbs motor function, mobility and activities of daily living (ADL) for stroke patients based on International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) core set. Methods:From April, 2018 to May, 2020, 113 stroke patients with motor dysfunction were divided into ischemia group (n = 67) and hemorrhagia group (n = 46) according to the cause of stroke. They received physical therapy for lower limbs and heel sound feedback for eight weeks, and assessed with ICF core set for stroke-gait, Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Lower Extremities (FMA-LE), Timed 'Up and Go' Test (TUGT), and modified Barthel index (MBI) before and after intervention. Results:The main effect of time was significant for qualifiers of ICF core set for stroke-gait, the scores of FMA-LE and MBI, and TUGT time (F > 100.59, P < 0.001), and it improved time by time as Post Hoc test. The main effect of groups was not significant (F < 2.29, P > 0.05), nor as Post Hoc test. The interactive effect between time and groups was significant for TUGT time (F = 6.45, P < 0.01), perhaps improved more in the hemorrhagia group, however, the interactive effect was not significant for the others. Conclusion:Physical therapy and heel sound feedback can improve motor function of lower limb, mobility and ADL for stroke patients.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905198

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation of upper arm circumference and calf circumference with muscle mass, and the screening effect and the cut-off values for low muscle mass and sarcopenia. Methods:From March to August, 2020, a total of 831 community-dwelling old people (≥ 60 years old) were recruited by using convenience sampling. Muscle mass and other body composition indicators were tested by body composition tester. The upper arm circumference, calf circumference, grip strength and gait speed were measured at the same day. Pearson cofficient was used to analyze the correlation of upper arm circumference and calf circumference with muscle mass, and receiver operation characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the diagnostic effect of upper arm circumference and calf circumference on low muscle mass and sarcopenia, and the Youden index (YI) was used to determine the cut-off values. Results:Upper arm circumference and calf circumference were positively correlated with appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) and skeletal mass index (SMI) (r = 0.6 to 0.8, P < 0.001). For diagnosing low muscle mass, the areas under the ROC curve (AUC) of upper arm circumference were 0.888 for male, 0.787 for female; and that of calf circumference were 0.933 for male, 0.854 for female, respectively. The cut-off values of upper arm circumference for low muscle mass were 26 cm for both male and female; and that of calf circumference were 34 cm for male and 33 cm for female, respectively. For diagnosing sarcopenia, the AUC of upper arm circumference was 0.902 for male, 0.744 for female; and that of calf circumference was 0.923 for male, 0.832 for female, respectively. The cut-off values of upper arm circumference and calf circumference for sarcopenia were 26 cm and 33 cm for both male and female. The AUC of combined diagnosis with age, upper arm circumference, calf circumference, grip strength and gait speed for low muscle mass and sarcopenia in males and females was all greater than 0.85. Conclusion:In the community old adults, upper arm circumference and calf circumference are positively correlated with muscle mass, and both indices can be used to diagnose low muscle mass and sarcopenia. multi-indices combination can improve the diagnosis effect of upper arm circumference in females.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905136

ABSTRACT

Objective:To measure the space of motion of index finger with and without injury, to apply it in rehabilitation. Methods:Thirty healthy undergraduate volunteers (controls) and three undergraduate volunteers with recent index finger injury (patients) were asked to flex, extend, adduct, abduct and ring the index finger independently and combined with middle finger, twice for a motion with an interval of 30 seconds. The index finger movement trajectory was recorded with a high-definition camera, and analyzed the range of flexion, extension, adduction, abduction and ring rotation motion with MATLAB. The movement space and defect of the injured fingers were drawn. Results:The ranges of independent flexion-extension and adduction-abduction reduced 26.5% and 24.6% in the patients compared with those of the controls, respectively. The defects of ring rotation space were very different with the degrees of recovery, and the maximum loss happened on 160°, 70° and 170°. Conclusion:Loss in index fingers motion space in range and direction may help for rehabilitation assessment.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905084

ABSTRACT

Medicinal plant germplasm resources are the foundation of the modern development of traditional Chinese medicine. In-depth study of medicinal plant germplasm resources is a prerequisite for cultivating fine varieties and ensuring the output and standard quality of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). Traditional identification methods start with appearance and are greatly affected by natural environment and human factors,with a low efficiency and accuracy of identification are generally low molecularin general. Due to such advantages as easy operation,high sensitivity,accurate results, molecular biology technology has been widely used in the related research of relevant studies for medicinal plant germplasm resources due to its advantages of easy operation,high sensitivity,accurate results,etc. It mainly involving the distinction between wild and cultivated products,researchstudy on substitutes of TCM,identification of Chinese patent medicine,good variety marker breeding,genetic diversity researchstudy,genetic map establishment and omics research,etcstudy. Among them,omics researchstudy is divided into genomics,transcriptomics,metabolomics,and proteomics due toby different analysis purposes. Genomics is divided into three sub-fields namely structural genomics,functional genomics, and comparative genomics. Eukaryotes Because eukaryotes have nuclei and organelles,so omics researchstudy also includes chloroplast genomics,mitochondrial genomics,nuclear genomics,and plastid genomics. Among them,the chloroplast genome has a simple structure,small molecular weight,and good conservation,while the mitochondrial genome has a strong variability and complex structure,the nuclear genome data isfeatures complex, data and the nucleus contains no ribosomes in nucleus,resulting in spatiotemporal differences in the translation process,even if repeated repeatedly test, the result of and the test is alsoresults remained uncertain, even after repeated tests. The molecular biology technology and omics researchstudy involved in theby current medicinal plant researchstudy still hashave shortcomings,and there iswith a large room for development,which needs and need further improvement and supplementation. This articlepaper successively introduces the characteristics and applications of cytology,molecular markers,and omics researchstudy techniques in the identification of medicinal germplasm resources,providingin order to provide a reference for subsequent identification,development and utilization of medicinal plant germplasm resources.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 503-510, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873781

ABSTRACT

Drug use during pregnancy is unavoidable. Therefore, it is vitally important for medical workers to help pregnant women take drugs correctly to reduce the incidence of spontaneous abortion, premature birth, and low birth weight. In our study, drug screening model with induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) was used to find some improper drugs which will result in woman's abortion. With 3D culture in vitro, iPSCs can form embryoid bodies (EBs) and cerebral organoids, which simulated in vitro development of early embryos, from inner cell mass to germ-layer differentiation. In the experiment, EBs were exposed to mifepristone (RU486), and three experimental groups were divided randomly. They were control group (without RU486), low-dose group (L-RU486, 10 μg·mL-1), and high-dose group (H-RU486, 20 μg·mL-1). After mifepristone exposure, EBs were observed at days 5, 8, and 11, including size of EB, cell apoptosis, and differentiation of germ layers, by using inverted optical microscope, TUNEL assay, and immunofluorescent staining. The results showed that through 3D culture, iPSCs could develop into embryoid bodies, neural rosettes, and finally cerebral organoids. After mifepristone exposure, EBs' sizes were decreased (P < 0.01); the levels of cell apoptosis in EBs were increased after mifepristone exposure (P < 0.01); the development of EBs' germ layer was affected. Mifepristone exposure could inhibit the proliferation of embryonic stem cells, reduce the differentiation of ectoderm (P < 0.01) and promote the development of mesoderm (P < 0.05). In conclusion, iPSCs can be used as a screening model for abortion drug, and EBs’ diameter, cell apoptosis, and differentiation changes of the germ layers can serve as criteria of abortion drug screening.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 618-629, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873775

ABSTRACT

italic>Bupleurum L. (Apiaceae) is an economically important genus, in which many species are of medicinal value. In this study, the complete plastid genomes (plastomes) of B. chinense DC. and B. boissieuanum H. Wolff were sequenced and their characteristics were investigated. Comparative and phylogenetic analyses were conducted with other published Bupleurum plastomes. The complete plastomes of B. chinense and B. boissieuanum were 155 458 and 155 800 bp in length, and both exhibited the typical quadripartite circular structure consisting of a large single copy region (LSC, 85 343 and 85 804 bp), a small single copy region (SSC, 17 495 and 17 410 bp), and a pair of inverted repeat regions (IRa/b, 26 310 and 26 293 bp), respectively. A total of 129 genes, including 84 protein-coding genes, 37 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes, and eight ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes were identified from each of the two plastomes. Repeat sequences detected were similar in types and distribution patterns, but the numbers were slightly different. Comparative analyses revealed that the Bupleurum plastomes were highly conserved in length, structure, the guanine and cytosine (GC) content, and gene content and order, both intraspecifically and interspecifically, and no obvious expansion or contraction of the inverted repeat regions occurred. Sequence variation was lower within the same species than among different species, noncoding sequences (including intergenic regions and introns) showed a higher divergence than the protein-coding sequences, and sequences in the LSC and SSC regions were more divergent than those in the IR regions. In addition, 11 sequences with higher nucleotide diversity among species were detected in the LSC and SSC regions. All studied Bupleurum species were inferred forming a monophyletic group with a 100% bootstrap value. Bupleurum chinense and B. boissieuanum were phylogenetically closest to B. commelynoideum and B. falcatum, separately, with all three B. chinense accessions clustered into a distinct clade. These results provide genetic information for further species identification, phylogenetic resolution, and will assist in exploration and utilization of medicinal Bupleurum species.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879589

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a neonate with Pierre-Robin sequence.@*METHODS@#The child was subjected to chromosomal karyotyping, single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array)-based comparative genomic hybridization and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis.@*RESULTS@#The child has featured microgthnia, glossoptosis, upper airway obstruction, mandible dehiscence and short neck. He was found to have a karyotype of 46,XY,der(4)add(4)(q34). Her mother's karyotype was determined as 46,XX,t(1;4)(q43;q34), while his father was 46,XY. SNP-array analysis suggested the child to be arr [hg19] 1q42.2q44 (232 527 958-249 202 755)× 3; 4q34.3q35.2 (168 236 901-190 880 409)× 1. The result of SNP-array for both parents was normal. FISH analysis confirmed that his mother has carried a balanced t(1;4)(q42;34) translocation. The aberrant chromosome 4 in the child has derived from his mother's translocation, which gave rise to partial 1q trisomy and 4q monosomy.@*CONCLUSION@#The 1q42.2q44 duplication and 4q34.3q35.2 deletion of the child probably underlay his abnormal phenotype of Pierre-Robin sequence.


Subject(s)
Child , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Infant, Newborn , Male , Monosomy , Pierre Robin Syndrome/genetics , Translocation, Genetic , Trisomy/genetics
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879463

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of modified transverse tibial bone transfer microcirculation reconstruction in treating end-stage diabetic foot.@*METHODS@#From August 2016 to June 2018, 87 patients with diabetic foot treated with modified tibial transverse bone removal and microcirculation reconstruction, inclduing 54 males and 33 females;aged from 39 to 95 years old with an average of (68.9±11.3) years old;2 patients were grade 2, 37 patients were grade 3 and 50 patients were grade 4 according to Wagner's classification;the courses of diabetic were for 10 to 16 years with an average of (13.0±2.2) years;the courses of diabetic feet were for 21 to 48 days with an avergae of (34.2±8.6) days. Postoperative comlications were observed. Skin temperature, visual analogue scale(VAS) and ankle brachial index(ABI) and wound healing were recorded before and 3 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 4 to 19 months with an average of (12.6±2.8) months. Two patients occurred subcutaneous tissue liquefaction and seepage under needle passage during bone transfer, and scabed without special treatment. One patient was performed amputation above 5 cm of ankle joint because of severe infection, and 1 patient occurred re-ulceration at 1 year after wound healing, bone transfer was performed again at the same site, and was completely healed at 8 weeks after operation. The healing time of wound ranged from 3 to 24 weeks with an average of (11.9± 3.8) weeks. Foot skin temperature before operation was (28.9±0.91) ℃, and increased to (31.70±0.32)℃ at 3 months after operation(@*CONCLUSION@#Modified lateral tibial bone transfer could effectively reconstruct microvascular network under lower leg, promote recovery of peripheral blood vessels, and promote wound healing of foot, reduce or avoid amputation. At the same time, the improved osteotomy is one of the effective methods for the treatment of diabetic foot which has advantags of less trauma, simple opertaion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Transplantation , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Foot/surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Microcirculation , Middle Aged , Tibia , Treatment Outcome
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