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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904108

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#We previously found that atorvastatin (ATV) enhanced mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) migration, by a yet unknown mechanism. CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) is critical to cell migration and regulated by microRNA-146a (miR-146a). Therefore, this study aimed to assess whether ATV ameliorates MSCs migration through miR-146a/CXCR4 signaling. @*METHODS@#Expression of CXCR4 was evaluated by flow cytometry. Expression of miR-146a was examined by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. A transwell system was used to assess the migration ability of MSCs. Recruitment of systematically delivered MSCs to the infarcted heart was evaluated in Sprague–Dawley rats with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Mimics of miR-146a were used in vitro, and miR-146a overexpression lentivirus was used in vivo, to assess the role of miR-146a in the migration ability of MSCs. @*RESULTS@#The results showed that ATV pretreatment in vitro upregulated CXCR4 and induced MSCs migration. In addition, flow cytometry demonstrated that miR-146a mimics suppressed CXCR4, and ATV pretreatment no longer ameliorated MSCs migration because of decreased CXCR4. In the AMI model, miR-146a-overexpressing MSCs increased infarct size and fibrosis. @*CONCLUSION@#The miR-146a/CXCR4 signaling pathway contributes to MSCs migration and homing induced by ATV pretreatment. miR-146a may be a novel therapeutic target for stimulating MSCs migration to the ischemic tissue for improved repair.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886561

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To construct a hit-deficient mutant strain of S. mutans ATCC25175 and verify its cell cycle regulatory function.@*Method @# Genomic DNA was extracted from S. mutans ATCC25175 strains, and then the upstream and downstream DNA fragments of the hit gene were cloned into the pFW5 vector (spectinomycin resistant) to construct recombinant plasmids using PCR amplification. Third, employed by natural genetic transformation in S. mutans ATCC25175 strains, the linearized recombinant plasmids were transformed into their genetic competence, induced by the synthesized competence-stimulating peptide (CSP), and then, homologous recombination was utilized to produce crossover and noncrossover products. Fourth, the hit-deficient mutant strains of S. mutans ATCC25175 were screened through the spectinomycin-resistance marker and identified by the electrophoresis of PCR products and PCR Sanger sequencing. Finally, its growth rate in vegetative BHI medium was also investigated.@* Results @# The upstream (856 bp) and downstream (519 bp) DNA fragments of the hit gene from the genomic DNA materials of S. mutans ATCC25175 were cloned into two multiple cloning sites (MCS-I and MCS-II) of the pFW5 vector, respectively, and the recombinant plasmid pFW5_hit_Up_Down was constructed and identified by double-emzyme digestion and PCR Sanger sequencing. The linearized recombinant plasmids were transformed into their genetic competence, induced by the synthetic CSP, and then, homologous recombination was utilized to produce various products. The hit-deficient mutant strains of S. mutans ATCC25175 were screened through the spectinomycin resistance marker and identified by the electrophoresis of PCR products and Sanger sequencing. The growth rate of the hit-deficient mutant strains versus their parental S. mutans ATCC25175 strains was increased greatly (P<0.001).@* Conclusion@# The hit-deficient mutant strains of S. mutans ATCC25175, having heritable traits, were successfully constructed, and the encoding Hit protein is growth-phase regulated in the cell cycle.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896404

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#We previously found that atorvastatin (ATV) enhanced mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) migration, by a yet unknown mechanism. CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) is critical to cell migration and regulated by microRNA-146a (miR-146a). Therefore, this study aimed to assess whether ATV ameliorates MSCs migration through miR-146a/CXCR4 signaling. @*METHODS@#Expression of CXCR4 was evaluated by flow cytometry. Expression of miR-146a was examined by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. A transwell system was used to assess the migration ability of MSCs. Recruitment of systematically delivered MSCs to the infarcted heart was evaluated in Sprague–Dawley rats with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Mimics of miR-146a were used in vitro, and miR-146a overexpression lentivirus was used in vivo, to assess the role of miR-146a in the migration ability of MSCs. @*RESULTS@#The results showed that ATV pretreatment in vitro upregulated CXCR4 and induced MSCs migration. In addition, flow cytometry demonstrated that miR-146a mimics suppressed CXCR4, and ATV pretreatment no longer ameliorated MSCs migration because of decreased CXCR4. In the AMI model, miR-146a-overexpressing MSCs increased infarct size and fibrosis. @*CONCLUSION@#The miR-146a/CXCR4 signaling pathway contributes to MSCs migration and homing induced by ATV pretreatment. miR-146a may be a novel therapeutic target for stimulating MSCs migration to the ischemic tissue for improved repair.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884216

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy between puncture assisted by a "TINAVI" orthopaedic robot versus freehand puncture in vertebroplaty for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture(OVCF) of the upper thoracic vertebra.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted of the 19 patients (20 vertebral bodies) with OVCF of the upper thoracic vertebra who had been treated at Department of Spine Surgery, Honghui Hospital from January 2018 to March 2019 by robotic vertebroplasty (robot group) and of another 21 counterpart patients (21 vertebral bodies) who had been treated by conventional vertebroplasty from January 2016 to December 2017 (freehand group). Puncture was conducted by a "TINAVI" orthopaedic robot in the robotic vertebroplasty but freehand in the conventional vertebroplasty. The robot group had 5 males and 14 females, aged from 62 to 88 years; the freehand group had 6 males and 15 females, aged from 64 to 83 years. The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time, bone cement volume, postoperative complications (cement leakage, infection and embolism), visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), anterior height (AH) and kyphosis angulation (KA) of the injured vertebra at day 1 and last follow-up after surgery.Results:The 2 groups were comparable because there were no significant differences between them in the preoperative general data ( P>0.05). Vertebroplasty via unilateral puncture approach was completed uneventfully in the 19 patients (20 vertebral bodies) in the robot group and in the 21 patients (21 vertebral bodies) in the freehand group. The 40 patients were followed up for 6 to 12 months (mean, 8.3 month). The operation time [(37.9±8.2) min], bone cement volume [(2.3±0.9) mL] and rate of cement leakage (10.0%, 2/20) in the robot group were all significantly less or lower than those in the freehand group [(46.2±9.4) min, (4.2±1.3) mL and 42.9% (9/21)] ( P<0.05). No infection or embolism was observed in either group. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in VAS, ODI, AH or KA of the injured vertebra at day 1 or last follow-up after surgery ( P>0.05). Conclusion:In vertebroplaty for OVCF of the upper thoracic vertebra, compared with conventional freehand puncture, puncture assisted by a "TINAVI" orthopaedic robot can lead to satisfactory clinical efficacy because it reduces operation time, volume of bone cement injection, and thus incidence of bone cement leakage.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882592

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of enhanced recovery around surgery (CMERAS) by integrated Traditional Chinese Medicine & western medicine in perioperative period of laparoscopic anterior resection for rectal cancer patients.Methods:100 patients with rectal cancer who were treated by laparoscopic anterior resection in Shuguang Hospital from July 2017 to July 2019 were divided into two groups with random number table method, 50 patients in each group. The control group received enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) perioperative treatment and the observation group received CMERAS perioperative treatment. Both groups were treated for 7 days. The degree of intestinal cleansing during the operation and postoperative rehabilitation quality were observed of the two groups, including the time of first exhaust, hospitalization time and the incidence of complications. Serum CRP level was detected by immunoturbidimetry, serum IL-6 level was detected by chemiluminescence immunoassay and peripheral blood CD4, CD8 and CD4/CD8 were detected by flow cytometry. Adverse reactions were recorded for the two groups.Results:There was no significant difference in the degree of intestinal cleansing between the two groups during operation ( Z=-1.140, P=0.254). The first postoperative exhaust time in the observation group (29.7 ± 4.6 h vs. 36.1 ± 3.8 h, t=7.590) was earlier than that of the control group, the hospitalization time (4.2 ± 0.5 d vs. 4.7 ± 0.6 d, t=4.379) was less than that of the control group, and the incidence of complications [8.0% (4/50) vs. 30.0% (15/50), χ2=6.498] was lower than that of the control group ( P<0.01). On the third day after the operation, serum CRP (11.84 ± 4.69 mg/L vs. 23.63 ± 5.04 mg/L, t=12.106) and IL-6 (34.31 ± 5.93 ng/L vs. 44.39 ± 8.81 ng/L, t=6.714) in the observation group were lower than those in the control group ( P<0.05). CD4 levels [(37.74 ± 7.28)% vs. (33.55 ± 5.07)%, t=-3.344], CD4/CD8 ratio (1.36 ± 0.27 vs. 1.13 ± 0.22, t=-4.920) were higher than those in the control group ( P<0.01), and CD8 levels [(28.04 ± 4.68)% vs. (30.22 ± 4.04)%, t=2.487] was lower than that of the control group ( P<0.05). There were no adverse reactions in two groups during the treatment. Conclusion:CMERAS could promote the perioperative recovery of patients with rectal cancer if treated with laparoscopic anterior resection and fewer complications would occur.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 618-627, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909912

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the incidence and epidemiological characteristics of traumatic spinal cord injury in China in 2018.Methods:Multi-stage stratified cluster sampling was used to randomly select hospitals capable of treating patients with spinal cord injury from 3 regions,9 provinces and 27 cities in China to retrospectively investigate eligible patients with traumatic spinal cord injury admitted in 2018. National and regional incidence rates were calculated. The data of cause of injury,injury level,severity of injury,segment and type of fracture,complications,death and other data were collected by medical record questionnaire,and analyzed according to geographical region,age and gender.Results:Medical records of 4,134 patients were included in this study,with a male-to-female ratio of 2.99∶1. The incidence of traumatic spinal cord injury in China in 2018 was 50.484 / 1 million (95% CI 50.122-50.846). The highest incidence in the Eastern region was 53.791 / 1 million (95% CI 53.217-54.365). In the whole country,the main causes of injury were high falls (29.58%),as well as in the Western region (40.68%),while the main causes of injury in the Eastern and Central regions were traffic injuries (31.22%,30.10%). The main injury level was cervical spinal cord in the whole country (64.49%),and the proportion of cervical spinal cord injury in the Central region was the highest (74.68%),and the proportion of lumbosacral spinal cord injury in the Western region was the highest (32.30%). The highest proportion of degree of injury was incomplete quadriplegia (55.20%),and the distribution pattern was the same in each region. A total of 65.87% of the patients were complicated with fracture or dislocation,77.95% in the Western region and only 54.77% in the Central region. In the whole country,the head was the main combined injury (37.87%),as well as in the Eastern and Central regions,while the proportion of chest combined injury in the Western region was the highest (38.57%). A total of 32.90% of the patients were complicated with respiratory complications. There were 23 patients (0.56%) died in hospital,of which 17(73.91%) died of respiratory dysfunction. Conclusions:The Eastern region of China has a high incidence of traumatic spinal cord injury. Other epidemiological features include high fall as the main cause of injury cervical spinal cord injury as the main injury level,incomplete quadriplegia as the main degree of injury,head as the main combined injury,and respiratory complications as the main complication.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 326-332, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909873

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of unilateral puncture techniques in high-viscosity cement percutanueous vertebroplasty (PVP) in treatment of type I chronic symptomatic osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (CSOVCF).Methods:A retrospective case control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 119 patients with type I CSOVCF admitted to Honghui Hospital affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University School of Medicine from December 2013 to December 2016. There were 42 males and 77 females, aged 58-95 years [(79.2±15.6)years]. All patients had bone mineral density of -4.5--2.5 SD [(-3.9±0.2)SD] (T score). The fractured segments included L 1-L 2 in 56 patients and L 3-L 5 in 63. All patients were treated by high-viscosity cement PVP with the unilateral puncture of transverse process and superior articular process in unilateral group ( n=60) and by the bilateral puncture approach with the Magerl method in bilaleral group ( n=59). The operation time, cement injection volume, and intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency were recorded. The visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI), anterior height ratio of injured vertebrae and Cobb angle were measured before operation, at postoperative 1 day and at the last follow-up. The adjacent vertebral fracture, cement leakage and other complications were recorded. Results:All patients were followed up for 12-48 months [(24.1±5.6)months]. The operation time in unilateral group [(21.5±6.5)minutes] was significantly shorter than that in bilateral group [(37.8±7.4)minutes] ( P<0.05). The cement injection volume in unilateral group [(4.2±0.7)ml] was less than that in bilateral group [(6.5±1.1)ml]( P<0.05). The intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency in unilateral group [(14.2±3.0)times] was less than that in bilateral group [(31.4±6.4)times] ( P<0.05). Both groups showed significant improvements in VAS, ODI, anterior height ratio of injured vertebrae and Cobb angle at postoperative 1 day and at the last follow-up compared with these before operation ( P<0.05), but there were no significant differences after operation between the two groups ( P>0.05). The incidence of adjacent vertebral fracture was 5%(3/60) in unilateral group and 8% (5/59) in bilaleral group ( P>0.05). Four patients (7%) had cement leakage in unilateral group and 11 patients (19%) in bilateral group ( P<0.05). No complications of wound infection, nerve injury or pulmonary embolism occurred. Conclusion:Compared with Magerl bilateral puncture approach, high-viscosity cement PVP with unilateral puncture of transverse process and superior articular process in treatment of type I CSOVCF has advantages of shorter operation time, less trauma, less radiation exposure and lower cement leakage rate.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 250-260, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909862

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the acute symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture (ASOTLF) classification system, and to examine the reliability and evaluate the effect of clinical application.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 1 293 patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture(OTLF) admitted to Honghui Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018. There were 514 males and 779 females, aged 57-90 years [(71.4±6.3)years]. The T value of bone mass density was -5.0--2.5 SD [(-3.1±-0.4)SD]. According to the clinical symptoms a and fracture morphology, OTLF was divided into 4 types, namely type I(I occult fracture), type II(compressed fracture), type III (burst fracture) and type IV(unstable fracture). The type II was subdivided into three subtypes (type IIA, IIB, IIC), and the Type III into two subtypes (type IIIA, IIIB). of all patients, 75 patients (5.8%) were with type I, 500 (38.7%) with type II A, 134 (10.4%) with type IIB, 97 (7.5%) with type IIC, 442 (34.2%) with type IIIA, 27(2.1%) with type IIIB and 18 (1.4%) with type IV. After testing the validity of the classification, different treatment methods were utilized according to the classification, including percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for Type I, PVP after postural reduction for Type II, percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for Type IIIA, posterior reduction and decompression, bone graft fusion and bone cement-augmented screw fixation for Type IIIB, and posterior reduction, bone graft fusion and bone cement-augmented screw fixation for Type IV. The visual analog score (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), Frankel grade of spinal cord injury, local Cobb Angle, and vertebral body angle (vertebral body angle) were recorded in all patients and in each type of patients before surgery, at 1 month after surgery and at the last follow-up. The neurological function recovery and complications were also recorded.Results:The patients were followed up for 24-43 months [(29.9±5.1)months]. A total of 3 000 assessments in two rounds were conducted by three observers. The overall κ value of inter-observer credibility was 0.83, and the overall κ value of intra-observer credibility was 0.88. The VAS and ODI of all patients were (5.8±0.7)points and 72.5±6.6 before surgery, (1.8±0.6)points and 25.0±6.3 at 1 month after surgery, and (1.5±0.6)points and 19.5±6.2 at the last follow-up, respectively (all P<0.05). The Cobb angle and vertebral body angle of all patients were (13.0±9.1)° and (8.0±4.6)° before surgery, (7.9±5.2)° and (4.6±2.9)° at 1 month after surgery, and (9.1±6.0)° and (5.8±3.0)° at the last follow-up, respectively (all P<0.05). At the last follow-up, VAS, ODI, Cobb Angle and VBA of each type of patients were significantly improved compared with those before surgery (all P<0.05). The spinal cord compression symptoms were found 1 patient with type IV and 5 patients with type IIIB preoperatively. At the last follow-up, neurological function improved from grade C to grade E in 1 patient and from grade D to grade E in 5 patients ( P<0.05). The lower limb radiation pain or numbness in 3 patients with type IV and 22 patients with type III preoperatively were fully recovered after surgical treatment at the last follow-up except for three patients. Conclusions:The ASOTLF classification is established and has high consistency and reliability. The classification-oriented treatment strategy has achieved a relatively satisfactory effect, indicating that the classification has a certain guiding significance for treatment of OTLF.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2163-2166, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829726

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To explore the clinical application value of optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA)in patients with retinal vein occlusion(RVO). <p>METHODS:Retrospective case study. From January 2018 to December 2019, 40 cases with 40 eyes of RVO patients diagnosed in the Eye Center of the Affiliated Hospital of Weifang Medical University were selected, and 40 healthy subjects with 42 eyes matching the age and gender of RVO patients were selected as normal control group. OCTA was used to measure the papillary vessel density of the two groups, differences in parameters were evaluated. <p>RESULTS: The blood vessel density in the areas of the whole image blood vessels(<i>t</i>=-2.953, <i>P</i><0.001), the peripapillary blood vessels(<i>t</i>=-3.533, <i>P</i>=0.001), the whole image capillaries(<i>t</i>=-3.192, <i>P</i>=0.003), the peripapillary capillaries(<i>t</i>=-3.930, <i>P</i><0.001), inferior nasal(<i>t</i>=-2.854, <i>P</i>=0.007), inferior tempo(<i>t</i>=-3.696, <i>P</i>=0.001), tempo inferior(<i>t</i>=-3.418, <i>P</i>=0.002), tempo superior(<i>t</i>=-3.170, <i>P</i>=0.003), superior tempo(<i>t</i>=-3.082, <i>P</i>=0.004)and superior nasal(<i>t</i>=-2.912, <i>P</i>=0.006)in the eyes of patients with RVO was significantly lower than that of the fellow eyes of patients with RVO. The blood vessel flow density in the all areas of in the eyes of patients with RVO was significantly lower than that of the normal control group. The blood vessel density in the areas of the whole image blood vessels(<i>t</i>=-2.213, <i>P</i>=0.032), the blood vessels inside disc(<i>t</i>=-2.270, <i>P</i>=0.028), the whole image capillaries(<i>t</i>=-2.192, <i>P</i>=0.033), capillaries inside disc(<i>t</i>=-2.449, <i>P</i>=0.018)and tempo superior(<i>t</i>=-2.147, <i>P</i>=0.037)in the fellow eyes of patients with RVO was significantly lower than that of the normal control group.<p>CONCLUSION:Quantitative OCTA reveals a decrease in the vessel density of papillary area of patients with retinal vein occlusion, suggesting that papillary area with quantified OCTA has clinicalapplication value for the assessment of the severity and prevention of the fellow eyes with retinal vein occlusion disease.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867870

ABSTRACT

Due to increasing incidence of open fracture and increasing application of orthopedic implants, chronic osteomyelitis prevails in recent years, leading to failure of internal fixation, sinus tract formation, long-term abscess discharge and delayed recovery, etc., affecting prognosis and quality of life of the patients, and causing a huge medical and economic burden.The treatment of osteomyelitis has recently progressed from mere debridement to debridement + Masquelet bone reconstruction or osteotomy + llizarov bone transfer which has significantly improved the therapeutic efficacy. However, multiple surgeries, long healing time and massive surgical trauma of the current treatment cause poor compliance in the patients. Therefore, new therapeutic strategies are imperative. Various causes of chronic osteomyelitis involve autoimmunity, inflammatory factors, oxidative stress, local blood supply in osteomyelitis region, drug-resistant bacteria, bacterial virulence and bacterial biofilm which, as an important form of bacteria in the body, has a particularly significant impact on chronic osteomyelitis. Resistance to a variety of eliminating effects by bacteria is achieved mainly by biofilm, including reducing antibiotics concentration, barrier against immune clearance, improving bacterial resistance, spreading bacteria and promoting signal communication between bacteria. Aiming at the key factors and pathways for target research and intervention is the hotspot and trend in the research and treatment of osteomyelitis. Here we review the literature about the role of biofilm in chronic osteomyelitis, which is conducive for further understanding of the biofilm influence on chronic osteomyelitis and related targets, and for prevention and treatment of chronic osteomyelitis as well.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 797-803, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867790

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect of robot navigation system (Tian Ji robot system) plus 3D printing and traditional C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy in assisting percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) or percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for treatment of Kümmell disease.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 40 patients with Kümmell disease treated at Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University School of Medicine from December 2017 to February 2019, including 12 males and 28 females, with an average age of 56.4 years (range, 42-71 years). In observation group, 20 patients underwent PKP or PVP assisted by the robot navigation system and 3D printing. In control group, 20 patients underwent PKP or PVP assisted by the traditional C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy. The operation time and incidence of complications were observed. The visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), Cobb angle and anterior vertebral height were compared before operation, 1 day and 3 months after operation.Results:All patients were followed up for 3.5-8.6 months (mean, 6.7 months). The operation time in control group was (32.2±5.8)minutes, compared with (26.7±3.6)minutes in observation group ( P<0.05). The incidence of cement leakage was 0% (0/20) in the observation group and 5% (1/20) in control group ( P>0.05). One day after operation, in observation group and control group, the VAS was (2.1±0.3)points and (3.7±0.8)points, the ODI was 14.3±1.8 and 25.5±5.7, the Cobb angle was (20.6±1.2)° and (22.4±0.6)°, and the anterior height of vertebral body was (21.2±0.8)mm and (17.6±0.7)mm, respectively, showing significant improvement compared with those before operation ( P<0.01). Three months after operation, in observation group and control group, the VAS was (1.8±0.4)points and (2.8±0.8)points, the ODI was 12.3±1.5 and 21.6±2.3, the Cobb angle was (18.1±0.8) ° and (20.5±1.6)°, and the anterior height of vertebral body was (20.1±1.8)mm and (16.8±1.3)mm, showing no significant difference compared with those at day 1 after operation ( P>0.05). There were significant differences in the VAS, ODI, Cobb angle and anterior vertebral height between the two groups 1 day and 3 months after operation ( P<0.01). Conclusion:For Kümmell disease, with assistance with the robot navigation system combined with 3D printing, PKP or PVP can more effectively reduce the pain of patients, improve the quality of life, restore the anterior height of vertebral body, and realize the individualized treatment in comparison with the traditional C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy.

12.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 117-123, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867690

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has been reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province. Almost 70% of patients susceptible to 2019-nCoV are over age of 50 years, with extremely large proportion of critical illness and death of the elderly patients. Meanwhile, the elderly patients are at high risk of osteoporotic fractures especially osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF). During the prevention and control of COVID-19 epidemic, the orthopedists are confronted with the following difficulties including how to screen and protect OVCF patients, how to accurately diagnose and assess the condition of suspected or confirmed COVID-19 patients, and how to develop reasonable treatment plans and comprehensive protective measures in emergency and outpatient clinics. In order to standardize the diagnosis and treatment of OVCF patients diagnosed with COVID-19, the authors jointly develop this expert consensus to systematically recommend the standardized emergency and outpatient screening and confirmation procedures for OVCF patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 and protective measures for emergency and outpatient clinics. Moreover, the consensus describes the grading and classification of OVCF patients diagnosed with COVID-19 according to the severity of illness and recommends different treatment plans and corresponding protective measures.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1503-1512, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869103

ABSTRACT

Objective:To propose a new grading system-the posterior ligament-bone injury classification and severity (PLICS) score for subaxial cervical spine injury, and evaluate its value in guiding the approach selection for subaxial cervical fracture and dislocation.Methods:All of 394 cases of subaxial cervical fracture and dislocation who received single anterior reduction and fixation in our hospital from January 2002 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 354 cases were finally included in this study. The Patients experienced internal fixation failure, postoperative kyphosis or interspinal process space dilation during follow-up were included into the failure group. Other patients were included into the successful group. The difference of visual analogue scale (VAS), neck disability index (NDI), ASIA score and PLICS score before and after surgery between the two groups was compared respectively. The PLICS score is composed of left, right and posterior columns. The injury of the posterior column was classified into mild, moderate and severe degrees, with 1-3 points respectively. The evaluation of lateral column injury included ligament and bone structure. The evaluation of ligament injury included: 1 point for the subluxation of the facet joint, 2 points for the dislocation or the facet joint; Fractures of the lateral column was classified into mild, moderate and severe degrees, with 1-3 points respectively. For the evaluation of the lateral column, the highest score of ligament or bone structure injury was reflected as the score of posterior column injury and was taken into the calculation of the final PLICS score.Results:All 354 patients had complete follow-up data, and the average follow-up time was 18.0±4.0 months, including 339 patients of successful group and 15 patients of failure group. At the 12 month follow-up, the average VAS score of the patients in the successful group decreased from 6.9±0.6 before the operation to 1.9±0.6 ( t=22.481, P<0.0001), and the average VAS score of the patients in the failure group decreased from 5.6±1.0 to 1.1±0.3 ( t=77.252, P<0.0001). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant. The NDI score of the successful group was significantly lower than that of the failure group (7.1%±1.2% vs 15.7%±2.7%, t=24.993, P<0.0001). PLICS score in two groups of patients were analyzed. There was a significant difference in PLICS scores between the two groups ( t=8.777, P<0.0001). According to the PLICS score, the ROC operating curve of the failure of internal fixation after anterior-only surgery was determined. The area under the curve was 0.981, and the 95% confidence interval was 0.943, 1.000. When the PLICS score was 6.5, the maximum value of the Jordan index was 0.927, the sensitivity was 0.994, and the specificity was 0.067. Considering the clinical practicality of PLICS score and the different clinical outcomes of the sub-classification groups of the PLICS score=7, we finally set the threshold as PLICS score=7 with the unilateral severe lateral mass fracture. Conclusion:The PLICS score is based on the anatomy of the posterior three-column structure of the subaxial cervical spine. It gives consideration to the bony structures, including bilateral lateral mass, spinous process, lamina, and the ligament structures. What's more, the overall damage severity of the posterior three columns of the subaxial cervical spine was quantified according to the evaluation of the injury characteristics of each column of ligament-bone structure. In this study, PLICS score and clinical efficacy were compared between two groups of patients, and it was finally determined that when PLICS score ≥7 with the unilateral severe lateral mass fracture, the risk of internal fixation failure is higher for anterior-only approach surgery alone. For these patients, anterior and posterior approach surgery may be considered.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 625-634, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869014

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of residual back pain (RBP) in patients undergone PVP within 1 month and further analyze the correlation.Methods:Between March 2013 and January 2015, 1 316 patients with OVCF were treated by PVP. RBP after PVP was defined as a visual analogue scale (VAS) score of > 4 both 1 week and 1 month post-operatively. According to the pain relief, the patients were divided into two groups, the satisfied group and the unsatisfied group. All patients were scheduled for follow-up at1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 1 year post-operatively, during which radiography and magnetic resonance imaging (T1-weighted, T2-weighted, and short time inversion recovery (STIR) sequences) were recommended to detect the existence of secondary OVCF. VAS scores and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were recorded. Demographic data, surgical information, anesthesia method, number of OVCF, injection amount of cement of single vertebral bone, imaging data and other comorbidity informations of patients in the two groups were analyzed by Logistic regression for the factors related to RBP after PVP.Results:Among 1 316 patients, 60 cases complained RBP, and the prevalence was 4.6%. VAS score and ODI of the two groups were significantly different at 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after surgery, suggesting there was a certain degree of residual pain in the lower back of patients in the unsatisfied group, which was more severe than that in the satisfied group. However, the above differences disappeared in the follow-up of 12 months after surgery.Univariate analysesshowed that preoperative bone mineral density (BMD), number of fracture, cement distribution and volume injected per level and lumbodorsal fascia contusion were associated with RBP after PVP ( P< 0.01, retrospectively). Multivariate analysis revealed that the absolute value of pre-operative BMD(odds ratio ( OR)=3.577, P=0.029), combined withlumbodorsal fascia contusion ( OR=3.805, P=0.002), number of fracture ( OR=3.440, P<0.001), satisfactory cement distribution ( OR=3.009, P=0.013) and combined with depression ( OR=3.426, P=0.028) were positively correlated with RBP after PVP, and these were risk factors. The injection amount of cement of single vertebral bone ( OR=0.079, P<0.001) was negatively correlated with RBP after PVP, which was a protective factor. Conclusion:Pre-operative low BMD, lumbodorsal fascial injury, multiple segment OVCF, insufficient cement injected volume, unsatisfactory cement distribution and depression were risk factors associated with RBP after PVP in patients with OVCF.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847788

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Short-or long-segment fixation is still controversial in the treatment of adult degenerative lumbar scoliosis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness and feasibility of accurate treatment of short-segment fixation in adult degenerative lumbar scoliosis patients assisted by highly selective nerve root block. METHODS: Thirty-five patients with adult degenerative lumbar scoliosis treated in Chinese PLA General Hospital and People’s Hospital of Peking University from May 2014 to September 2017 were analyzed retrospectively, including 14 males and 21 females aged (64.2±8.1) years. The fixation segments were determined by a highly selective nerve root block. All patients were subjected to transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. During the follow-up, visual analogue scale score and Oswestry disability index were evaluated. Parameters including lumbar curvature Cobb angle, lumbar lordosis angle, sacral slope, and pelvic tilt and interbody fusion condition were obtained by imaging; and complications were recorded. This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Chinese PLA General Hospital and People’s Hospital of Peking University. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Of the 35 patients, 27 underwent single-segment minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar fusion, 5 underwent double-segment minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar fusion, and 3 underwent three-segment minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar fusion. (2) The follow-up time of 35 patients was (25.6±1.5) months. All patients achieved the grade I fusion. Within 3 months, there were 3 cases of dural tear and cerebrospinal fluid leakage, 1 case of lower-extremity muscular venous thrombosis, 1 case of pneumonia and 1 case of wound fat liquefaction. Three months later, there was 1 case of adjacent segment degeneration; no nerve injury or nonunion, no screw or titanium rod breakage. (3) Visual analogue scale score, Oswestry disability index, Cobb angle, lumbar lordosis angle, sacral slope, and pelvic tilt at the last follow-up were significantly improved in 35 patients compared with those before surgery (P < 0.01). (4) Short-segment precision treatment of adult degenerative lumbar scoliosis with highly selective nerve root block can achieve good clinical effect.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828878

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To prepare the recombinant peptide MVF-HER3 I composed of the 183-227aa peptide segment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 3 (HER3 I) and the measles virus protein 288-302 peptide segment (MVF), and prepare polyclonal antibodies (PcAb) against this recombinant peptide.@*METHODS@#The MVF-HER3 I gene was synthesized chemically and subcloned into pET21b or pET32a plasmid containing Thioredoxin (Trx) tag gene. The recombinant plasmids were identified by endonuclease digestion. MVF-HER3 I was expressed in BL21(DE3) cells under an optimal bacterial expression condition. The fusion protein Trx-MVF-HER3 I was purified using nickel ion affinity chromatography, and the purified protein was digested by enterokinase to remove Trx tag. The digested mixture underwent further nickel ion affinity chromatography to obtain purified MVF-HER3 I. The purified MVF-HER3 I was used to immunize SD rats subcutaneously for preparing anti-MVF-HER3 I PcAb. The titer of PcAb was determined using ELISA. The bindings of anti-MVF-HER3 I PcAb to MVF-HER3 I, native HER3 and MCF7 cells were analyzed using immunoblotting, immunoprecipitation and laser confocal microscopy. The growth inhibition effect of the antibodies on MCF7 cells cultured in the absence or presence of NRG was assessed using sulforhodamine B.@*RESULTS@#The recombinant peptide gene could not be expressed alone, but could be efficiently expressed after fusion with Trx gene under optimized conditions. The fusion peptide MVF-HER3 I was successfully prepared from Trx-MVF-HER3 I. The anti-MVF-HER3 I PcAb, with a titer reaching 1: 512 000, specifically bound to MVF-HER3 I, recognized native HER3 and bound to the membrane of MCF7 cells. The obtained PcAb could dose-dependently inhibit the growth of MCF7 cells irrespective of the presence or absence of NRG.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We successfully obtained the recombinant peptide MVF-HER3 I and prepared its PcAb, which can facilitate further functional analysis of HER3 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Escherichia coli , Humans , Plasmids , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptor, ErbB-3 , Allergy and Immunology , Recombinant Fusion Proteins
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879341

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the value of 3D-printed navigation template using in total hip arthroplasty(THA)for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH).@*METHODS@#Twenty five patients with DDH underwent total hip arthroplasty from February 2016 to May 2018 were analyzed retrospectively, including 4 males and 21 females, aged from 40 to 75 years old. Among them, 5 cases were Crowe typeⅡ, 14 cases were Crowe type Ⅲ and 6 cases were Crowe type Ⅳ. Twelve cases of them underwent THA with the 3D printing navigation plate, another 13 cases underwent the same operation but without the aid of navigation templates. All patients were treated by the same operators. The operating time, intra- and post-operative hemorrhage and Harris Hip Score(HHS) at six months postoperativelywere compared, anteversion angle, abduction angle and the distance from rotation center to the ischial tuberosity connection between ipsilateral and contralateral sides were also compared.@*RESULTS@#All of the patients were followed up for 12 to 26 months. The operation time, intra- and post-operative hemorrhage and Harris score in the 3D printing group were better than those in the conventional hip replacement group(@*CONCLUSION@#The 3D-printed operation navigation template technique is an individualized, accurate and promisingtechnique for THA with DDH.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip , Female , Hip Dislocation, Congenital/surgery , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 117-123, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811517

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has been reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province. Almost 70% of patients susceptible to 2019-nCoV are over age of 50 years, with extremely large proportion of critical illness and death of the elderly patients. Meanwhile, the elderly patients are at high risk of osteoporotic fractures especially osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF). During the prevention and control of COVID-19 epidemic, orthopedists are confronted with the following difficulties including how to screen and protect OVCF patients, how to accurately diagnose and assess the condition of OVCF patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19, and how to develop reasonable treatment plans and comprehensive protective measures in emergency and outpatient clinics. In order to standardize the diagnosis and treatment of patients with OVCF diagnosed with COVID-19, the authors jointly develop this expert consensus. The consensus systematically recommends the standardized emergency and outpatient screening and confirmation procedures for OVCF patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 and protective measures for emergency and outpatient clinics. Moreover, the consensus describes the grading and classification of OVCF patients diagnosed with COVID-19 according to the severity of illness and recommends different treatment plans and corresponding protective measures based on the different types and epidemic prevention and control requirements.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856625

ABSTRACT

Objective: To discuss the effect of Piezo1 mechanically sensitive protein in migration process of mouse MC3T3-E1 osteoblast cells. Methods: The 5th-10th generation mouse MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts were divided into Piezo1-small interfering RNA (siRNA) transfection group (group A), negative control group (group B), and blank control group (group C). Piezo1-siRNA or negative control siRNA was transfected into mouse MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts by siRNA transfection reagent, respectively; group C was only added with siRNA transfection reagent; and the cell morphology was observed under inverted phase contrast microscope and fluorescence microscope, and the transfection efficiency was calculated. The expression of Piezo1 protein was detected by immunofluorescence staining and Western blot. Transwell cell migration assay and cell scratch assay were used to detect the migration of MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts after Piezo1-siRNA transfection. Results: After 48 hours of transfection, group A showed a slight increase in cell volume and mutant growth, but cell colonies decreased, suspension cells increased and cell fragments increased when compared with untransfected cells. Under fluorescence microscope, green fluorescence was observed in MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts of group B, and the transfection efficiency was 68.56%±4.12%. Immunofluorescence staining and Western blot results showed that the expression level of Piezo1 protein in group A was significantly lower than that in groups B and C ( P0.05). Transwell cell migration assay and cell scratch assay showed that the number of cells per hole and the scratch healing rate of cells cultured for 1-4 days in group A were significantly lower than those in groups B and C ( P0.05). Conclusion: Piezo1 knocked down by siRNA can inhibit the migration ability of MC3T3-E1 osteoblast cells.

20.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1060-1067, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824389

ABSTRACT

Object To compare the efficacy of unilateral and bilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP)for thoracolumbar osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures(OVCFs).Methods A retrospective case control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 234 OVCFs patients admitted to Honghui Hospital affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University Medical College from June 2014 to January 2016.There were 95 males and 139 females,aged 60-89 years,with an average age of 68.3 years.The fractured segments included T11 in 45 patients,T12 in 65 patients,L1 in 72 patients,and L2 in 52 patients.A total of 116 patients were treated with PKP through unilateral puncture of transverse process and superior articular process(unilateral group),and 118 patients were treated with PKP through bilateral puncture of Magerl(bilaleral group).The operation time,radiation exposure,bone cement injection and leakage were compared between the two groups.Visual analogue scale(VAS)and Oswestry dysfunction index(ODI)were used to evaluate the clinical efficacy and life quality improvement.The distribution of bone cement was observed by CT.The complications were recorded.Results All patients were followed up for 25-36 months,with an average of 27 months.The operation time of unilateral group [(19.6±5.3)minutes] was significantly shorter than that of bilateral group [(35.6± 8.9)minutes] ; the radiation exposure [(0.65±0.22)mSv] was lower than of that of bilateral group[(1.69±0.58)mSv] ; the bone cement injecition[(5.3±0.8)ml] was less that of bilateral group[(6.5±1.3)ml](P<0.05)The postoperative X-ray showed that 10 patients(8.6%)in the unilateral group and 22 patients(18.6%)in the bilateral group(P<0.05)were found with bone segment leakage,although without clinical symptoms.The postoperative VAS and ODI of the two groups were significantly improved than before operation(P<0.01),and there was no significant difference between the two groups(P>0.05).Bone cement was mainly distributed in the front and middle of the vertebral body(A2,B1,C2,D1)in the unilateral group and in the front 2/3 of the vertebral body(A,B,C,D)in the bilateral group.There were in total 10 patients with cerebrospinal fluid during intraoperative puncture,including two patients in the unilateral group and eight patients in the bilateral group(P>0.05).The puncture direction was adjusted during the operation,and there was no neurological damage after the operation There were 16 patients with local pain caused by small joint injury,including two patients in unilateral group and 14 patients in bilateral group(P<0.05).The pain was relieved one month after physical treatment.A total of 30 patients had vertebral fracture again,including 18 in unilateral group and 12 in bilateral group(P>0.05),all of whom were treated with PKP again.Conclusion Compared with Magerl bilateral approach,PKP for OVCFs has the advantages of shorter operation time,less radiation exposure,low leakage rate of bone cement and good distribution of bone cement.

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