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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928030

ABSTRACT

At present, there have been many clinical trials and systematic reviews/Meta-analysis proving the good clinical efficacy of Shufeng Jiedu Capsules in the treatment of respiratory diseases, while comprehensive discussion is still required. This article overviews and analyzes the systematic reviews/Meta-analysis of Shufeng Jiedu Capsules to provide evidence support for clinical practice. The systematic reviews/Meta-analysis of Shufeng Jiedu Capsules were searched from CBM, Wanfang, CNKI, VIP, PubMed, EMbase and Cochrane Library. The AMSTAR 2 scale and GRADE system were respectively employed for the evaluation of methodological quality and the grading of evidence quality. Finally, 8 systematic reviews/Meta-analysis published during 2018-2021 were included for analysis. The diseases involved include acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, community-acquired pneumonia, acute tonsillitis, acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis and acute upper respiratory tract infection. The number of included RCTs studies ranged from 8 to 25. The results showed that Shufeng Jiedu Capsules combined with western medicine routine had better therapeutic effect than the latter alone in the treatment of the above five diseases. The reported adverse reactions caused by Shufeng Jiedu Capsules were mainly gastrointestinal discomforts such as mild nausea, diarrhoea and vomiting, with low incidence and mild symptoms, which can be relieved by drug withdrawal. The methodological quality of the included studies was extremely low, and the outcome indicators were mainly of low and very low grades. The efficacy and safety of Shufeng Jiedu Capsules in the clinical treatment of diseases still need to be verified based on more high-quality studies. The relevant clinical research and systematic review/Meta-analysis should pay more attention to methodological quality and reporting standards and strengthen the scientificity of research.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Treatment Outcome
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 125-133, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927588

ABSTRACT

Captopril can have nephrotoxic effects, which are largely attributed to accumulated renin and "escaped" angiotensin II (Ang II). Here we test whether angiotensin converting enzyme-1 (ACE1) inhibition damages kidneys via alteration of renal afferent arteriolar responses to Ang II and inflammatory signaling. C57Bl/6 mice were given vehicle or captopril (60 mg/kg per day) for four weeks. Hypertension was obtained by minipump supplying Ang II (400 ng/kg per min) during the second 2 weeks. We assessed kidney histology by periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) and Masson staining, glomerular filtration rate (GFR) by FITC-labeled inulin clearance, and responses to Ang II assessed in afferent arterioles in vitro. Moreover, arteriolar H2O2 and catalase, plasma renin were assayed by commercial kits, and mRNAs of renin receptor, transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in the renal cortex, mRNAs of angiotensin receptor-1 (AT1R) and AT2R in the preglomerular arterioles were detected by RT-qPCR. The results showed that, compared to vehicle, mice given captopril showed lowered blood pressure, reduced GFR, increased plasma renin, renal interstitial fibrosis and tubular epithelial vacuolar degeneration, increased expression of mRNAs of renal TGF-β and COX-2, decreased production of H2O2 and increased catalase activity in preglomerular arterioles and enhanced afferent arteriolar Ang II contractions. The latter were blunted by incubation with H2O2. The mRNAs of renal microvascular AT1R and AT2R remained unaffected by captopril. Ang II-infused mice showed increased blood pressure and reduced afferent arteriolar Ang II responses. Administration of captopril to the Ang II-infused mice normalized blood pressure, but not arteriolar Ang II responses. We conclude that inhibition of ACE1 enhances renal microvascular reactivity to Ang II and may enhance important inflammatory pathways.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin II/pharmacology , Animals , Arterioles/metabolism , Captopril/pharmacology , Hydrogen Peroxide/pharmacology , Kidney , Mice
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928994

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#There is less clinical data on multiple myeloma (MM) in China, and the aim of this study was to collect and analyze the clinical data of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) patients in Hunan Province during 1 year, to understand the real clinical features and treatment outcome for Hunan Province patients with MM, and to strengthen the understanding of the standardized diagnosis process and treatment plan of MM.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 529 patients with NDMM in 12 large-scale general hospitals in Hunan Province from January 1 to December 31, 2019 were collected and analyzed, including baseline data, treatment regimens, duration of treatment, and adverse reactions. The clinical characteristics, treatment, and safety of patients were analyzed by SPSS 21.0.@*RESULTS@#Among the 529 NDMM patients, the age was 33-90 (median 64) years and the male-female ratio was 1.38꞉1. The clinical features ranged from high to low were as follows: Bone pain (77.7%), anemia (66.8%), renal insufficiency (40.6%), hypercalcemia (15.1%). Typing: IgG 46.5%, IgA 24.6%, IgD 2.6%, IgM 0.8%, light chain 15.7%, double clone 3.0%, no secretion 0.6%, absence 6.2%. Staging: Durie-Salmon stage I, II, and III were 4.5%, 10.6%, 77.3%, respectively, and 40 cases (7.6%) missed this data. International Staging System (ISS) stage I, II, and III were 10.4%, 24.4%, and 47.6%, respectively, and 93 cases (17.6%) were missing. Revised International Staging System (R-ISS) stage I, II, and III were 5.5%, 27.0%, 23.1%, respectively, and 235 cases (44.4%) missed this data. Among the 98 NDMM patients in the Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Durie-Salmon (DS) stage missing 2.0%, ISS stage missing 12.3%, and R-ISS stage missing 12.3%.Treatment: Among the 529 patients,475 received treatment, the rate of treatment was 89.8%; 67.4% of the patients were able to complete four courses of chemotherapy at induction phase, 90.3% of the patients received proteasome inhibitor based combination chemotherapy regimen more than once, 67.2% received immunomodulator based regimen more than once, and 59.8% of the patients received proteasome inhibitor and immunomodulator based combination chemotherapy regimen more than once. Curative: Overall response rate (ORR) and high quality response rate (HQR) of the 4-course group were better than those of the 2-course group (ORR: 85% vs 65%, P=0.006; HQR: 68.3% vs 24.0%, P<0.001). The HQR of the standard chemotherapy group was better than that of the non-standard chemotherapy group (65.1% vs 48.2%, P=0.035). Adverse reactions during treatment included hematologic toxicity (17.5%), peripheral neuropathy (24.8%), gastrointestinal adverse events (23.8%), pulmonary infection (25.9%), herpes zoster (4.6%), and venous thrombotic events (1.7%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In 2019, the missed diagnosis rate of MM patients was high, the medium age of diagnosis was older, and the accuracy of patient diagnosis was not high. There is a great difference among medical centers, especially in the stage and risk stratified, nearly half of NDMM patients are not diagnosed with R-ISS stage; the lack of cytogenetic data needs to be supplemented by follow-up studies. A high proportion of patients with NDMM present with bone pain and anemia.Patients received treatment have higher use of chemotherapy regimens containing proteasome inhibitors and/or immunomodulators, but there is a significant gap among different medical centers, and standardized treatment needs to be strengthened. The safety during chemotherapy is controllable.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Immunologic Factors/therapeutic use , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Pain , Prognosis , Proteasome Inhibitors/therapeutic use
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922356

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To investigate the clinical value of urine interleukin-18 (IL-8), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) for the early diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URL) related urosepsis.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was carried out in 157 patients with urosepsis after URL. The patients were divided into AKI group and non-AKI group according to the Kidigo guideline and urine IL-8, NGAL and KIM-1 levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay at 0, 4, 12, 24 and 48 h after the surgery. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of these three biomarkers for postoperative AKI.@*RESULTS@#The level of urine IL-8, NGAL and KIM-1 in AKI group was significantly higher than that in non-AKI group at 4, 12, 24 and 48 h (p < 0.01). The ROC analysis showed the combined detection of urine IL-8, NGAL and KIM-1 at 12 h had a larger area under curve (AUC) than a single marker (0.997, 95% CI: 0.991-0.998), and the sensitivity and specificity were 98.2% and 96.7%, respectively. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the levels of urine NGAL at 4, 12, 24 and 48 h in AKI patients were positively correlated with the levels of urine KIM-1 and IL-18 (p < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#AKI could be quickly recognized by the elevated level of urine IL-8, NGAL and KIM-1 in patients with URL-related urosepsis. Combined detection of the three urine biomarkers at 12 h after surgery had a better diagnostic performance, which may be an important reference for the early diagnosis of AKI.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Biomarkers , Early Diagnosis , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 1 , Humans , Interleukin-18 , Interleukin-8 , Lipocalin-2 , Lithotripsy , Retrospective Studies , Ureteroscopy
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936060

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the clinical efficacy and quality of life between uncut Roux-en-Y and Billroth II with Braun anastomosis in laparoscopic distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer patients. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Inclusion criteria: (1) 18 to 75 years old; (2) gastric cancer proved by preoperative gastroscopy, CT and pathological results and tumor was suitable for D2 radical distal gastrectomy; (3) postoperative pathological diagnosis stage was T1-4aN0-3M0 (according to the AJCC-7th TNM tumor stage), and the margin was negative; (4) Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) physical status score <2 points, and American Association of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade 1 to 3; (5) no mental illness; (6) able to answer questionnaires independently; (7) patients agreed to undergo laparoscopic distal gastrectomy and signed an informed consent. Exclusion criteria: (1) patients with severe chronic diseases and American Association of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade >3; (2) patients with other malignant tumors; (3) patients suffered from serious mental diseases; (4) patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy or immunotherapy. According to the above criteria, clinical data of 200 patients who underwent laparoscopic distal gastrectomy at the Department of General Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University from January 2016 to December 2019 were collected. Of the 200 patients, 108 underwent uncut Roux-en-Y anastomosis and 92 underwent Billroth II with Braun anastomosis. The general data, intraoperative and postoperative conditions, complications, and endoscopic evaluation 1 year after the surgery were compared. Besides, the quality of life of two groups was also compared using the Chinese version of the European Organization For Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) quality of life questionnaire-Core 30 (QLQ-C30) and quality of life questionnaire-stomach 22 (QLQ-STO22). Results: There were no significant differences in baseline data between the two groups (all P>0.05). All the 200 patients successfully underwent laparoscopic distal gastrectomy without intraoperative complications, conversion to open surgery or perioperative death. There were no significant differences between two groups in operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative complications, time to flatus, time to removal of gastric tube, time to liquid diet, time to removal of drainage tube or length of postoperative hospital stay (all P>0.05). Endoscopic evaluation was conducted 1 year after surgery. Compared to Billroth II with Braun group, the uncut Roux-en-Y group had a significantly lower incidences of gastric stasis [19.8% (17/86) vs. 37.0% (27/73), χ(2)=11.199, P=0.024], gastritis [11.6% (10/86) vs. 34.2% (25/73), χ(2)=20.892, P<0.001] and bile reflux [1.2% (1/86) vs. 28.8% (21/73), χ(2)=25.237, P<0.001], and the differences were statistically significant. The EORTC questionnaire was performed 1 year after surgery, there were no significant differences in the scores of QLQ-C30 scale between the two groups (all P>0.05), while the scores of QLQ-STO22 showed that, compared to the Billroth II with Braun group, the uncut Roux-en-Y group had a lower pain score (median: 8.3 vs. 16.7, Z=-2.342, P=0.019) and reflux score (median: 0 vs 5.6, Z=-2.284, P=0.022), and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05), indicating milder symptoms. Conclusion: The uncut Roux-en-Y anastomosis is safe and reliable in laparoscopic distal gastrectomy, which can reduce the incidences of gastric stasis, gastritis and bile reflux, and improve the quality of life of patients after surgery.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y/adverse effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Gastrectomy/methods , Gastroenterostomy/adverse effects , Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935271

ABSTRACT

The evaluation methods of immune persistence include direct evaluation, indirect evaluation, model prediction, and meta-analysis and so on. Direct evaluation is the gold standard for evaluating the immune persistence of vaccines by quantifying the protective effect of vaccines on the onset and (or) infection of preventable diseases. Indirect evaluation of immune persistence by immunological surrogate indicators is more widely used in practice. In addition, mathematical models and meta-analysis can also be used to evaluate the immune persistence of vaccines. It is of great significance to select the appropriate evaluation method to analyze the immune persistence of the vaccine according to the specific situation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunity , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Vaccines/immunology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934367

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a differential diagnosis model for IgA nephropathy and non-IgA nephropathy based on machine learning algorithms.Methods:Retrospective study adopted,from 2019 to 2020,260 patients were referred to the Department of Nephrology at the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, the First People′s Hospital in Yunnan province, and Yan′an Hospital of Kunming city. All patients were diagnosed by renal pathology, 130 cases of primary IgA nephropathy, the 130 cases of non-IgA nephropathy. Collection of materials, including gender and age, 28 clinical data, and routine laboratory test results,the sex ratio of IgA nephropathy group and non-IgA nephropathy group were 59∶71 and 64∶66 respectively, the ages were 37.20 (21.89, 53.78) and 43.30 (27.77, 59.18) years, respectively. 260 patients were divided into a training set (70%, 182 cases) and a test set (30%, 78 cases). Using the decision tree, random forests, support vector machine, extreme gradient boosting to establish a differential diagnosis model for IgA nephropathy and non-IgA nephropathy. Based on the true positive rate, true negative rate, false-positive rate, false-negative rate, accuracy, subjects features work area under the curve(AUC), the precision ratio, recall ratio, and F1 score, comprehensively evaluate the performance of each model, finally, the best performance of the model was chosen. Using SPSS 25.0 to analyze the data, P<0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results:The accuracy of the decision tree, support vector machine, random forests and extreme gradient boosting establish differential diagnosis model was 67.95%, 70.51%, 80.77% and 83.33%, respectively; AUC values was 0.74, 0.76, 0.80 and 0.83; Judgment for primary IgA nephropathy F1 score was 0.73, 0.72, 0.80 and 0.83, respectively. The efficiency of the extreme gradient boosting model based on the above evaluation indicators is the highest, its diagnosis of IgA nephropathy of the sensitivity and specificity respectively 89% and 79%. The variable importance from high to low was blood albumin, IgA/C3, serum creatinine, age, urine protein, urine albumin, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, urea.Conclusion:The differential diagnosis model for IgA nephropathy was established successfully and non-IgA nephropathy and the efficiency performance of the extreme gradient boosting algorithm was the best.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932344

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of TiRobot navigation combined with ankle arthroscopy in the reduction and internal fixation of Hawkins type Ⅱ talus neck fracture.Methods:From January 2019 to September 2020, a total of 13 patients with Hawkins type Ⅱ talus neck fracture were admitted to Department of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Xuzhou Renci Hospital. They were 8 males and 5 females, with a mean age of 35.8 years (from 22 to 61 years). All fractures were reduced and fixated using TiRobot navigation combined with ankle arthroscopy. Time for fracture reduction assisted by intraoperative arthroscopy, time for internal fixation assisted by TiRobotic navigation, fracture union time and complications were recorded. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score was used at the last follow-up to evaluate the functional outcomes.Results:All the operations were finished within 2 hour. The primary screw placement succeeded in all. The time for fracture reduction assisted by intraoperative arthroscopy averaged 52.8 min (from 43 to 66 min) and the time for internal fixation assisted by TiRobotic navigation 43.6 min (from 33 to 55 min). All the patients were followed up for an average 13.3 months(from 12 to 15 monhs). They obtained bony union within 3 months. One patient developed traumatic subtalar arthritis with mild pain and was treated conservatively. None of the patients had complications like incision infection or talus necrosis. The average AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score was 91.0 points (from 83 to 94 points) at the last follow-up.Conclusion:In the reduction and internal fixation of Hawkins type Ⅱ talus neck fracture, TiRobot navigation combined with ankle arthroscopy shows advantages of minimal invasion, accurate reduction and screw placement, and limited complications, leading to fine short-term functional outcomes.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943040

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the influence of duodenal stump reinforcing on the short-term complications after laparoscopic radical gastrectomy. Methods: A retrospective cohort study with propensity score matching (PSM) was conducted. Clinical data of 1204 patients with gastric cancer who underwent laparoscopic radical gastrectomy at the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University from April 2009 to December 2018 were collected. The digestive tract reconstruction methods included Billroth II anastomosis, Roux-en-Y anastomosis and un-cut-Roux- en-Y anastomosis. A linear stapler was used to transected the stomach and the duodenum. Among 1204 patients, 838 were males and 366 were females with mean age of (57.0±16.0) years. Duodenal stump was reinforced in 792 cases (reinforcement group) and unreinforced in 412 cases (non-reinforcement group). There were significant differences in resection range and anastomotic methods between the two groups (both P<0.001). The two groups were matched by propensity score according to the ratio of 1∶1, and the reinforcement group was further divided into purse string group and non-purse string group. The primary outcome was short-term postoperative complications (within one month after operation). Complications with Clavien-Dindo grade ≥ III a were defined as severe complications, and the morbidity of complication between the reinforcement group and the non-reinforcement group, as well as between the purse string group and the non-purse string group was compared. Results: After PSM, 411 pairs were included in the reinforcement group and the non-reinforcement group, and there were no significant differences in baseline data between the two groups (all P>0.05). No perioperative death occurred in any patient.The short-term morbidity of postoperative complication was 7.4% (61/822), including 14 cases of anastomotic leakage (23.0%), 11 cases of abdominal hemorrhage (18.0%), 8 cases of duodenal stump leakage (13.1%), 2 cases of incision dehiscence (3.3%), 6 cases of incision infection (9.8%) and 20 cases of abdominal infection (32.8%). Short-term postoperative complications were found in 25 patients (6.1%) and 36 patients (8.8%) in the reinforcement group and the non-reinforcement group, respectively, without significant difference (χ2=2.142, P=0.143). Nineteen patients (2.3%) developed short-term severe complications (Clavien-Dindo grade ≥IIIa), while no significant difference in severe complications was found between the two groups (1.7% vs. 2.9%, χ2=1.347, P=0.246). Sub-group analysis showed that the morbidity of short-term postoperative complication of the purse string group was 2.6% (9/345), which was lower than 24.2% (16/66) of the non-purse string group (χ2=45.388, P<0.001). Conclusion: Conventional reinforcement of duodenal stump does not significantly reduce the incidence of duodenal stump leakage, so it is necessary to choose whether to reinforce the duodenal stump individually, and purse string suture should be the first choice when decided to reinforce.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y/adverse effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Duodenum/surgery , Female , Gastrectomy/methods , Humans , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 585-590, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940892

ABSTRACT

Objective: We evaluated the safety and efficacy of lipoprotein apheresis (LA) in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) who can't reach low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C) target goals with the maximal tolerated dose of lipid-lowering agents. Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study. Between February 2015 and November 2019, patients with FH who were admitted in Fuwai hospital and treated with LA were consecutively enrolled. Based on intensive lipid-lowering agents, these patients received LA by double filtration plasma pheresis (DFPP) method. The changes of lipid levels such as LDL-C and lipoprotein(a)[Lp(a)] were compared before and after LA treatment, and the changes of immunoglobulin (Ig) concentration and LA-related adverse effects were also discussed. Results: A total of 115 patients with FH were enrolled in this study, of which 8 cases were homozygous FH and 107 cases were heterozygous FH. The age was (43.9±12.2) years and there were 75 (65.2%) males, and 108 (93.8%) with coronary artery disease. For pre-and immediately after LA treatment, the LDL-C was (5.20±2.94) mmol/L vs. (1.83±1.08) mmol/L, Lp(a) concentration was 428.70(177.00, 829.50)mg/L vs. 148.90(75.90, 317.00) mg/L (P<0.001), with a decrease of 64.2% and 59.8% respectively. The levels of IgG and IgA measured 1 day after LA treatment were both in the normal range and IgM concentration was below the reference value, the reductions of which were 15.1%, 25.0% and 58.7% respectively (P<0.001). Six patients had mild symptoms of nausea, hypotension dyspnea and palpitation, the symptoms were relieved by symptomatic treatment. Conclusion: For patients with FH who do not achieve LDL-C target goal with the maximal tolerated lipid-lowering agents, especially those with elevated Lp(a) levels, LA, which can significantly further reduce LDL-C and Lp(a) levels, is an effective and safe option.


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Component Removal/methods , Cholesterol, LDL , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II/therapy , Lipoprotein(a)/chemistry , Lipoproteins/chemistry , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940766

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of Yifei Huatan decoction on relieving airway hyperviscosity in asthmatic rats with spleen deficiency syndrome and its mechanism. MethodFifty-five SPF level SD rats at 8-9 week of age were used to induce asthma with spleen deficiency syndrome by animal modeling of traditional Chinese medicine combined with asthma of western medicine. After successful modeling, the rats were divided into model group, dexamethasone group, low, medium, and high-dose Yifei Huatan decoction groups by random number table method, and 11 clean SD rats at 8-9 week of age were recorded as a normal group. Rats in the dexamethasone group were given 0.087 5 mg kg-1 dexamethasone acetate by gavage. Rats in the low, medium, and high-dose Yifei Huatan decoction groups were given 0.8, 1.6, 3.2 g kg-1 Yifei Huatan decoction liquid extract by gavage, respectively. Rats in the model group and the normal group were given 10 mL kg-1 distilled water. The medicine were given once per day for 8 w, and the general situation of each group was observed. The levels of interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-13, and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The pathological changes in lung tissues of rats were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Alcian blue-periodic acid Schiff (AB-PAS) staining was used to detect the hyperplasia of airway goblet cells and mucus secretion in rats. The mRNA expressions of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), Smad2, Smad3, mucin 5AC (MUC5AC), and mucin 5B (MUC5B) in the lung tissues of rats were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The protein expressions of TGF-β1, Smad2, Smad3, MUC5AC, and MUC5B in the lung tissues of rats were detected by Western blot. ResultAs compared with the normal group, rats in the model group showed the symptoms of spleen deficiency syndrome, such as decreased body weight, muscle emaciation, decreased food intake, increased water intake, increased anal temperature, tiredness, and decreased swimming endurance, accompanied by dyspnea symptoms such as wheezing and nodding. As compared with the normal group, IL-4 and IL-13 levels in the BALF of the model group were significantly increased (P<0.01), while the IFN-γ level was significantly decreased (P<0.01). In the model group, a large number of inflammatory cells were observed in the mucosa and submucosa of the airway, and the smooth muscle of the trachea was significantly thickened. The hyperplasia, deformation, and exfoliation of various epithelial cells were observed in the mucosa, and the pathological scores of lung tissue increased significantly (P<0.01) in the model group. A large number of goblet cells were observed in the airway with the formation of plenty of mucous thrombus in the model group, and the positive relative staining area of airway, and mRNA and protein expressions of TGF-β1, Smad2, Smad3, MUC5AC, and MUC5B were significantly increased (P<0.01). As compared with the model group, IL-4 and IL-13 levels in BALF of the dexamethasone group and the Yifei Huatan decoction groups decreased, while the IFN-γ level increased. The inflammatory cell infiltration in airway mucosa and submucosa, the thickening of tracheal smooth muscle, the hyperplasia, deformation, and exfoliation of epithelial cells in mucosa were gradually decreased, and the pathological scores of lung tissues decreased significantly (P<0.01) in the dexamethasone group and the Yifei Huatan decoction groups. Goblet cell proliferation gradually decreased, and the positive relative staining area of airway, and mRNA and protein relative expressions of TGF-β1, Smad2, Smad3, MUC5AC, and MUC5B decreased with statistically significant difference (P<0.05, P<0.01). There was no significant difference in the above indexes in the dexamethasone group and the Yifei Huatan decoction low-dose group. The above indexes were dose-dependent in the low, medium, and high-dose Yifei Huatan decoction groups. ConclusionYifei Huatan decoction reduces airway hyperviscosity in asthmatic rats with spleen deficiency syndrome, which may be related to the inhibition of TGF-β1, Smad2, Smad3, MUC5AC, and MUC5B expressions, down-regulation of IL-4 and IL-13 levels, and up-regulation of IFN-γ level.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939662

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the risk factors for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in very preterm infants and establish a nomogram model for predicting the risk of NEC.@*METHODS@#A total of 752 very preterm infants who were hospitalized from January 2015 to December 2021 were enrolled as subjects, among whom 654 were born in 2015-2020 (development set) and 98 were born in 2021 (validation set). According to the presence or absence of NEC, the development set was divided into two groups: NEC (n=77) and non-NEC (n=577). A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the independent risk factors for NEC in very preterm infants. R software was used to plot the nomogram model. The nomogram model was then validated by the data of the validation set. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test, and the calibration curve were used to evaluate the performance of the nomogram model, and the clinical decision curve was used to assess the clinical practicability of the model.@*RESULTS@#The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that neonatal asphyxia, sepsis, shock, hypoalbuminemia, severe anemia, and formula feeding were independent risk factors for NEC in very preterm infants (P<0.05). The ROC curve of the development set had an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.833 (95%CI: 0.715-0.952), and the ROC curve of the validation set had an AUC of 0.826 (95%CI: 0.797-0.862), suggesting that the nomogram model had a good discriminatory ability. The calibration curve analysis and the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test showed good accuracy and consistency between the predicted value of the model and the actual value.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Neonatal asphyxia, sepsis, shock, hypoalbuminemia, severe anemia, and formula feeding are independent risk factors for NEC in very preterm infant. The nomogram model based on the multivariate logistic regression analysis provides a quantitative, simple, and intuitive tool for early assessment of the development of NEC in very preterm infants in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Asphyxia/complications , Child , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Female , Fetal Growth Retardation , Humans , Hypoalbuminemia , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Infant, Premature , Infant, Premature, Diseases/etiology , Nomograms , Sepsis/complications
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888486

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the accuracy and safety of measurements of transcutaneous carbon dioxide partial pressure (TcPCO@*METHODS@#A total of 45 very low birth weight infants were enrolled. TcPCO@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in TcPCO@*CONCLUSIONS@#Lower electrode temperatures (38-41℃) can accurately measure blood carbon dioxide partial pressure in very low birth weight infants, and thus can be used to replace the electrode temperature of 42°C. Transcutaneous measurements at the lower electrode temperatures may be helpful for understanding the changing trend of blood oxygen partial pressure.


Subject(s)
Blood Gas Monitoring, Transcutaneous , Carbon Dioxide , Electrodes , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Oxygen , Partial Pressure , Temperature
14.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 396-399, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888439

ABSTRACT

Optimal vision and ergonomics are essential factors contributing to the achievement of good results during microsurgery. The three-dimensional (3D) digital image microscope system with a better 3D depth of field can release strain on the surgeon's neck and back, which can improve outcomes in microsurgery. We report a randomized prospective study of vasoepididymostomy and vasovasostomy using a 3D digital image microscope system (3D-DIM) in rats. A total of 16 adult male rats were randomly divided into two groups of 8 each: the standard operating microscope (SOM) group and the 3D-DIM group. The outcomes measured included the operative time, real-time postoperative mechanical patency, and anastomosis leakage. Furthermore, a user-friendly microscope score was designed to evaluate the ergonomic design and equipment characteristics of the microscope. There were no differences in operative time between the two groups. The real-time postoperative mechanical patency rates were 100.0% for both groups. The percentage of vasoepididymostomy anastomosis leakage was 16.7% in the SOM group and 25.0% in the 3D-DIM group; however, no vasovasostomy anastomosis leakage was found in either group. In terms of the ergonomic design, the 3D-DIM group obtained better scores based on the surgeon's feelings; in terms of the equipment characteristics, the 3D-DIM group had lower scores for clarity and higher scores for flexibility and adaptivity. Based on our randomized prospective study in a rat model, we believe that the 3D-DIM can improve surgeon comfort without compromising outcomes in male infertility reconstructive microsurgery, so the 3D-DIM might be widely used in the future.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888078

ABSTRACT

Excitatory toxicity(ET) is an important factor of neuropathic pain(NPP) induced by central sensitization(CS), and the association of pannexin-1(Panx1)-Src-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit 2 B(NMDAR-2 B) is an important new pathway for ET to initiate CS. The present study confirmed whether the central analgesic effect of Chuanxiong Rhizoma extract(CRE) was achieved through the synchronous regulation of the brain and spinal pathways of Panx1-Src-NMDAR-2 B. In this study, dynamic and simulta-neo-us microdialysis of the brain and spinal cord in vivo combined with behavioristics, high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC)-fluorescence detection, microdialysis analysis(ISCUS~(flex)), ultrasensitive multifactorial electrochemiluminescence immunoassay, ELISA, and Western blot was employed to investigate the protein expression of NMDAR-2 B, Src, and Panx1, extracellular excitatory amino acids, cytokines, energy metabolites, and substance P in spinal dorsal horn(SDH) and anterior cingulate cortex(ACC) after CRE intervention with the rat model of spared sciatic nerve injury(SNI) as the experimental tool. Compared with the sham group, the SNI group exhibited diminished mechanical withdrawal threshold(MWT)(P<0.01), increased cold spray scores(P<0.01), glutamate(Glu), D-serine(D-Ser), and glycine(Gly) in extracellular fluids of ACC, and Glu, D-Ser, interleukin-1β(IL-1β), and lactic acid(Lac) in extracellular fluids of SDH(P<0.05), dwindled tumor necrosis factor(TNF-α)(P<0.05), and elevated protein levels of NMDAR-2 B, Src, and Panx1 in ACC(P<0.05). Compared with the SNI model rats, high-and medium-dose CRE(CRE-H/M) could potentiate the analgesic activity as revealed by the MWT test(P<0.05) and CRE-M enabled the decrease in cold spray scores(P<0.05). CRE-H/M could inhibit the levels of Glu, D-Ser and Gly in the extracellular fluids of ACC(P<0.05), and the levels of Glu in the extracellular fluids of SDH(P<0.05) in SNI rats. CRE-M significantly increased the levels of glucose(Gluc), Lac, interferon-gamma(IFN-γ), keratinocyte chemoattractant/human growth-regulated oncogenes(KC/GRO), and IL-4 in extracellular fluids of SDH in SNI rats(P<0.05). CRE-H/M/L could also inhibit the levels of NMDAR-2 B, Src and Panx1 in ACC and SDH in SNI rats(P<0.05). The central analgesic effect of CRE is presumedly related to the inhibited release of excitatory amino acid transmitters(Glu, D-Ser and Gly) in ACC and SDH of SNI rats, decreased protein expression of NMDAR-2 B, Src and Panx1 in the two regions, and the regulation of the Panx1-Src-NMDAR-2 B pathway in the spinal cord and brain. The above findings partially clarified the scientific basis of clinical analgesic effect of Chuanxiong Rhizoma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Central Nervous System Sensitization , Neuralgia/drug therapy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Spinal Cord/metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887943

ABSTRACT

On the basis of the qualitative preparation quality markers of Yulian Decoction, we screened out the quantitative markers and explored a general strategy for analyzing the component migration in Chinese herbal pieces, preparations, and plasma. A method capable of simultaneously determining 28 chemical components in Yulian Decoction was established based on HPLC-MS/MS. This method was used to determine the migrated components in herbal pieces-lyophilized powder preparations-rat plasma after administration of Yulian Decoction. Liquid chromatography was performed under the following conditions: C_(18)-reversed phase chromatographic column(2.1 mm × 100 mm, 1.8 μm); acetonitrile-water(containing 0.1% formic acid) as the mobile phase for gradient elution; the flow rate of 0.2 mL·min~(-1). Electrospray ionization source was adopted for mass spectrometry detection, in which positive and negative ion modes and multiple reaction monitoring were applied. Confirmed by the methodological investigation in linear range, recovery(95.48%-103.4%), precision(RSD, 0.45%-3.8%), stability, and repeatability(RSD, 5.6%-14%), the established method was suitable for the detection and quantification of the components in Yulian Decoction. The results showed that in the lyophilized powder of Yulian Decoction, berberine was greater than 5% in mass fraction, magnoflorine, epiberberine, coptisine, palmatine, and limonin in the range of 1%-5%, and dehydroevodiamine, evodiamine, rutaecarpine, costunolide, and dehydrocostus lactone in the range of 0.002%-1%. Of the 28 components detected in pieces, 27 were found to migrate to the lyophilized powder, and 11 were detected in rat plasma. Fifteen components were preliminarily determined as quantitative preparation quality markers for Yulian Decoction, including berberine, epiberberine, coptisine, palmatine, evodiamine, rutaecarpine, limonin, costunolide, dehydrocostus lactone, magnoflorine, jatrorrhizine, columbamine, groenlandicine, chlorogenic acid, and neochlorogenic acid. In conclusion, the HPLC-MS/MS general strategy was established for analyzing the migration of multiple components in Chinese herbal pieces, preparations, and plasma, which can provide the basis for the screening of quantitative preparation quality markers and multi-index quality control of Yulian Decoction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Rats , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1820-1825, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887023

ABSTRACT

We established a simple and sensitive GC-MS method for the determination of β-elemene in rat plasma and measured the pharmacokinetics of citronella grass extract in rats. Plasma samples were pretreated using liquid-liquid microextraction: 100 μL of plasma sample (containing naphthalene as the internal standard) was extracted with 50 μL of n-hexane. The determination was performed on DB-5ms column (30 m×0.25 mm, 0.25 μm). The initial column temperature was 60 ℃ and raised to 160 ℃ at a rate of 50 ℃·min-1, maintained for 3 min, and finally increased to 260 ℃ for 3 min. Helium was the carrier gas and the flow rate was 0.15 mL·min-1. The injection volume was 2 μL. EI and selected monitored ions pattern were used for ion scanning with m/z 128 (naphthalene) and m/z 93 (β-elemene). Citronella grass extract was administered to rats by intragastric administration and intravenous administration (containing β-elemene 55 mg·kg-1), and plasma was collected and prepared using an automated blood collection system. The linear range of β-elemene in plasma was 1.0-250 ng·mL-1 (r = 0.997), the limit of quantification was 1.0 ng·mL-1, the accuracy was -4.47% - -0.85%, the extraction recovery was between 56.02%-66.89%, and no obvious matrix effect (94.28%-108.63%) was found. The main pharmacokinetic parameters of β-elemene were AUC0-t (23.56 ± 4.40) ng·mL-1, tmax (1.67 ± 0.58) h, Cmax (7.36 ± 0.69) ng·mL-1, MRT0-t (2.76 ± 0.27) h, t1/2z (2.73 ± 1.36) h, Vz (7.39 ± 3.18) L·kg-1, CLz (1.95 ± 0.51) L·h-1·kg-1, and the absolute bioavailability was about 8.78%. The method is simple, accurate, and sensitive, and is suitable for the pharmacokinetic analysis of β-elemene in citronella grass extract in rats. All animal studies were implemented according to protocols, which were reviewed and approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee at Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1865-1871, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887011

ABSTRACT

The incidence rate of depression is increasing, but its pathological mechanism is still unknown. More evidence shows that the occurrence and development of depression is closely related to the changes of gut microbiome. However, due to the huge differences in bacterial composition among individuals caused by different environmental factors, researchers usually need a large number of samples to get reliable results. Experimental animal models play an important role in the pathogenesis of diseases and the mechanism of drug action because of their highly consistent background, controllable experimental environment, and the characteristics of artificial intervention. Therefore, the selection of appropriate experimental animal models can not only simulate the clinical symptoms of human depression, but also reveal the causal relationship between clinical characteristics and gut microbiome changes. In this review, the development and application of fecal microbiota transplantation technology, the close relationship between flora and depression, the application of humanized fecal microbiota transplantation experimental animal model in the study of depression, as well as the preparation methods and key technologies of humanized fecal microbiota were summarized, which provided a reference for the research on the pathogenesis of depression and the mechanism of antidepressant drugs of humanized fecal microbiota transplantation experimental animal model. This review provides a reference for the reasonable application of this aspect.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886879

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method to simultaneously detect the contents of gallic acid, syringin, phellodendrine, aesculin and rhein in the gallnut lotion. Methods An UPLC- MS/MS method was established. Separation was performed on an Agilent Poroshell 120 EC-C18(2.1 mm×150 mm, 2.7 μm)with a gradient mobile phase system of 0.2% formic water-acetonitrile solution. The flow rate was 0.3 ml/min. The temperature of column was 30 ℃. The injection volume was 2 μl. The MS detection was in dynamic MRM mode. Results gallic acid, syringin, phellodendrine, aesculin and rhein were successfully separated using this method, with good linear relationship as the ranges of 153.8-15380、10.31-1031、5.265-526.5、50.70-5070、1.054-105.4 ng/ml, respectively. The precision, repeatability, stability and recovery were good. Conclusion This UPLC-MS/MS method is stable, rapid, and reproducible., It is suitable for detecting the contents of gallic acid, syringin, phellodendrine, esculetin and in the gallnut lotion.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886875

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an assay method for diphenhydramine hydrochloride and caffeine in rat plasma by UPLC-MS/MS for pharmacokinetic study. Methods The chromatographic separation was performed on an ACE 3 C18-PFP (3.0 mm×150 mm, 3 μm) by isocratic elution with the mobile phase of water containing 0.1% formic acid and acetonitrile (62:38, V/V). MS condition was optimized in the positive ion detection mode by multiple reaction monitoring (MRM), along with the Agilent JetStream electrospray source interface (AJS-ESI). The precursors to the product ion transitions were 256.2→167.0 (m/z) for diphenhydramine hydrochloride, 262.0→167.0 (m/z) for the internal standard (IS) diphenhydramine-D6, 195.0→138.0 (m/z) for caffeine and 204.0→116.2 (m/z) for the IS caffeine-D9. Results The calibration curve was linear in the range of 1-1×103 ng/ml for diphenhydramine hydrochloride in rat plasma (r=0.999 6), and in the range of 15-1.5×105 ng/ml for caffeine in rat plasma, (r=0.999 9). The intra-day and inter-day precision and accuracy were good (RSD<10%, RE<±10%). Pharmacokinetic studies showed that metabolic characteristics of diphenhydramine hydrochloride 10-30 mg/kg and caffeine 24-72 mg/kg were linear after intragastric administration. The two components were metabolized in rats with gender difference, the cmax and the AUC of diphenhydramine hydrochloride and caffeine were greater in female than those in males. Conclusion This method is accurate, rapid and sensitive. It can be used for the determination of diphenhydramine hydrochloride and caffeine in rat plasma collected for pharmacokinetic study. The results of pharmacokinetic studies in rats provide reliable data support for the clinical application of the compound preparation.

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