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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 197-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873730

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors of multi-drug resistant organism (MDRO) infection after liver transplantation. Methods The clinical data of 77 recipients undergoing liver transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. According to the incidence of MDRO infection, all recipients were divided into the non-MDRO infection group (n=51) and MDRO infection group (n=26). The infection rate and strain distribution of MDRO in liver transplant recipients were summarized. The risk factors of MDRO infection in liver transplant recipients were identified. Clinical prognosis of all recipients was statistically compared between two groups. Results The infection rate of MDRO after liver transplantation was 34% (26/77), mainly carbapenem-resistant MDRO infection. The main sites of infection included lung, abdominal cavity and incision. Univariate analysis showed that postoperative tracheal intubation ≥48 h, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay ≥72 h, length of hospital stay ≥30 d, re-operation, continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) and tacrolimus (Tac) blood concentration ≥15 ng/mL were the risk factors for MDRO infection after liver transplantation. Cox regression analysis indicated that postoperative tracheal intubation≥48 h, re-operation, CRRT and Tac blood concentration ≥15 ng/mL were the independent risk factors for MDRO infection after liver transplantation. The fatality in the MDRO infection group was significantly higher than that in the non-MDRO infection group [31%(8/26) vs. 10%(5/51), P=0.01]. Conclusions Postoperative tracheal intubation ≥48 h, re-operation, CRRT and Tac blood concentration ≥15 ng/mL may increase the risk of MDRO infection after liver transplantation and affect clinical prognosis of the recipients.

2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 347-353,358, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884054

ABSTRACT

Objective:A large single-center, premature acute myocardial infarction (AMI) age (≤45 years) cohort was established to investigate the clinical features and the factors affecting major adverse cardiac events (MACE).Methods:This is a prospective and observational study. 603 patients with a clear diagnosis of AMI admitted to the Tianjin Chest Hospital from March 2015 to December 2017 were continuously selected. All patients were aged ≤45 years old, and a single-center large-sample premature AMI cohort was established. The patient's clinical basic conditions, laboratory indicators, imaging data, coronary angiography and treatment were collected. All patients were followed up for 1 year. MACE events such as cardiac death, recurrent AMI, revascularization, severe heart failure requiring hospitalization and stroke were recorded. Kaplan Meier method was used to draw the survival curve. Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the influence of risk factors, clinical characteristics and intervention methods on the long-term prognosis of MACE events.Results:A total of 603 AMI patients were included, 575 males (95.36%), 28 females (4.64%), and median age 41 (37, 44) years old. There were 422 patients (69.98%) with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), 206 patients (48.82%) with anterior myocardial infarction, and 181 patients (30.02%) with non ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Smoking was the most common risk factor for premature AMI (77.45%), followed by hyperlipidemia (48.42%) and hypertension (48.09%); smoking was the most common risk factor for male patients (80.35%), and hyperlipidemia was the most common risk factor for female patients (35.71%). 302 (50.08%) patients with premature AMI were treated with symptom onset to first medical contact (SO-to-FMC) ≤12 h; 563 patients (93.37%) had coronary angiography; coronary angiography showed that no significant stenosis, single-vessel disease, double-vessel disease, three-vessel disease, and patients with left main disease were 15(2.66%), 212(37.66%), 153(25.37%), 167(29.66%), 16(2.84%) cases; 318(56.48%) patients with vascular occlusion; The proportion of male combined with left main lesions was lower than that of female group (2.41% vs 12.50%, P=0.026); A total of 45 patients (7.46%) were recorded MACE. The 1-year MACE incidence was lower in the male group than in the female group (6.96% vs 17.86%, P=0.032). Multivariate COX regression analysis: there were 5 indicators that entered the regression model and were statistically significant: female ( HR:4.184; 95% CI:1.583-11.064; P=0.004), SO-to-FMC≤12 h ( HR:0.447; 95% CI:0.224-0.889; P=0.022), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)≤40% ( HR:3.727; 95% CI:1.876-7.405; P<0.001), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) ( HR:1.315; 95% CI:1.041-1.662; P=0.022), homocysteine (Hcy) ( HR:1.011; 95% CI:1.002-1.019; P=0.011) were independent predictor of MACE occurrence in patients with early-onset AMI within 1 year. Conclusions:Smoking is the most common risk factor for young men with AMI. The most common risk factors for young women's AMI is hyperlipidemia, and the proportion of patients with left main artery disease is higher than that of men, but the proportion of patients receiving emergency intervention is lower than that of men, and the long-term prognosis of young women is poor. Early detection and control of these risk factors is a key measure to prevent the onset of AMI.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1611-1616, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881464

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate th e effectiveness ,safety and economy of albu min-bound paclitaxel (nab-PTX)in the treatment of breast cancer by using rapid health technology assessment (HTA),and to provide evidence-based reference for drug selection. METHODS :Retrieved from PubMed ,the Cochrane Library ,CNKI,Wangfang database and other databases ,systematic evaluation/Meta-analysis,HTA and pharmacoeconomic studies about nab-PTX in the treatment of breast cancer were included ;the conclusions were classified and analyzed by using descriptive analysis. RESULTS :A total of 5 systematic reviews/Meta-analysis , 8 pharmacoeconomic studies were included in this study. Compared with conventional taxanes ,nab-PTX increased pathological complete response (pCR)rate [OR =1.39,95%CI(1.16,1.67),P<0.001] and event-free survival (EFS)[HR=0.69,95%CI(0.57, 0.85),P<0.001] in neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC)-treated breast cancer patients. However ,there were no significant differences in overall survival (OS),progression-free survival (PFS),objective response rate (ORR)and disease control rate (DCR)in metastatic breast cancer (MBC)patients between 2 groups. In the terms of safety ,nab-PTX increased the incidence of grade 3-4 sensory neuropathy [OR =1.89,95%CI(1.36,2.61),P<0.001] in MBC patients ,and increased the incidence of neutropenia [OR = 1.52,95%CI(1.23,1.88,P<0.001],sensory neuropathy [OR = 2.17,95%CI(1.38,3.40),P<0.001],rash [OR =1.46,95%CI mei1213@163.com (1.18,1.80),P<0.001] and fatigue [OR =1.28,95%CI(1.04, 1.56), P=0.02] in NAC -treated breast cancer patients.Pharmacoeconomic studies showed that nab-PTX could improve the quality adjusted lif e years of MBC patients compared with traditional taxanes ,and it was a economical option. CONCLUSIONS:Nab-PTX enhances pCR in NAC-treated breast cancer patients ,but has no significant advantage in the effectiveness of MBC patients ,and increases the occurrence of ADR. Nab-PTX may have a cost-utility advantage over conventional taxanes for MBC.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 477-484, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817296

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To inve stigate the effects of polymorphism of CYP3A4,CYP3A5 and other genes on the increasing of tacrolimus blood concentration by Wuzhi capsules in renal transplantation patients. METHODS :Totally 194 patients in Han nationality underwent renal transplantation and rece ived outpatient follow-up after surgery were selected from the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University during Aug. 2015-Nov. 2018,and then divided into single drug group (107 cases)and combination group (87 cases)according to using of Wuzhi capsules or not. Single drug group was given Tacrolimus capsules 0.1-0.15 mg/kg,po,bid+Mycophenolate mofetil capsule s 0.5-0.75 g,bid or Mycophenolate sodium enteric-coated tablets 360-540 mg,bid+Prednisone acetate tablets 10 mg,qd;combination group was additionally given two Wuzhi capsules ,bid,on the basis of single drug group. Two groups were treated at least 7 d. The clinical data (such as patients ’sex and age )were collected ,and enzyme amplification immunoassay was used to detect steady-state valley concentration of tacrolimus ,and calculate valley concentration/daily dose (C/D)value. PCR was adopted to detect patient genotyping of CYP3A5 gene rs 4646457,rs15524 and rs776746 locus,CYP3A4 gene rs 4646437,rs2242480 and rs 35599367 locus,ABCB1 gene rs 1128503 locus,ABCC2 gene rs3740066 locus,NR1I2 gene rs 3814055 locus,POR gene rs 1057868 locus,PPARA gene rs 4253728 locus,IL-3 gene rs 181781 locus, IL-10 gene rs 1800896 locus,CTLA4 gene rs 4553808 locus,CYP2C19 gene rs 4244285 and rs 4986893 locus,respectively. The correlation of each factor and tacrolimus C/D value was analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis test or Spearman rank test. Multivariate linear regression was conducted. RESULTS :In 194 renal transplanation patients ,only wild type at rs 3599367 locus of CYP3A4 gene and rs4253728 locus of PPARA gene were detected ,and each genotype distribution of other genes was consistent with the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (P>0.05). Single factor analysis and multiple linear regression analysis showed that the combination of Wuzhi capsules and rs 776746 polymorphism of CYP3A5 gene were related to tacrolimus C/D value(P<0.05). There was statistical significance in tacrolimus C/D values among different genotypes of CYP3A5 gene in single drug group and combnation group(P<0.05). C/D value of GG and AG genotype in single drug group were significantly lower than combination group (P< 0.05),while there was no statistical significance in tacrolimus C/D value of AA genotype between 2 groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Combination of Wuzhi capsules or not and polymorphism of CYP3A5 gene rs 776746 locus are associated with blood concentration of tacrolimus in renal transplantation patients in Han nationality. Combined use of Wuzhi capsules can increase blood concentration of tacrolimus in GG and AG genotype ,but have no significant effect on AA genotype.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864829

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between the preoperative fear of pain(FOP) and postoperative pain in patients with lung cancer undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, with a view to provide a basis for psychological and behavioral intervention in perioperative pain.Methods:One hundred lung cancer patients underwent thoracoscopic surgery from August 2018 to December 2019 were recruited. The FOP was collected by the Chinese version of the fear of pain questionnaire-Ⅲ before operation. And postoperative pain including rest pain and cough pain was collected after surgery. The correlation analysis and relative risk coefficient was used to evaluate the relationship between preoperative FOP and postoperative pain.Results:Both rest pain and cough pain were positively correlated with FOP with the correlation coefficients of 0.404 and 0.489 (both P <0.05). Patients with a high level of FOP before surgery were more likely to report severe pain when coughing after surgery, which was 3.643 times (95% CI value was 1.585-8.372) higher than the patients with non-high level preoperative FOP. Conclusions:Patients with a high level preoperative FOP may report higher pain after surgery. Screening and identification of such patients are needed for further cognitive behavioral intervention.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743166

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role ofprostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) in the protective effect ofpolaprezinc on acute gastric mucosal damage.Methods:A total of 30 male SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups as follows:A blank group,a model group,and a polaprezinc group.The blank group was fed normally.As for the model group and the polaprezinc group,the rats were given 1 mL ethanol (intragastrical administration) first,then they were treated with vehicle (1 mL distilled water) or polaprezinc treatment (100 mg/kg) 1 h later.On the 3rd day,rats in each group were fasting for 24 h before gastric administration.After 2 h of gastric administration,5 mL of intraperitoneal blood was collected,centrifuged and stored at-80 ℃ for the detection of EGF and PGE2.Gastric tissue was collected for anatomic and pathological assessment.Results:Polaprezinc reduced gastric mucosa injury in the polaprezinc group compared to the model group.Compared with the blank group,the levels of PGE2 and EGF in blood serum were significantly decreased in the model group and the polaprezinc group (P<0.05),while there was no significant difference between the model group and the polaprezinc group (P>0.05).Conclusion:Polaprezinc can provide effective protection for acute mucosal injury and the underlying mechanism is not directly related to PGE2 and EGF.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742742

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the change in the cerebral natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in the premature infants with hemodynamically significant patent dectus arteriosus (hsPDA) and its relationship with hemodynamics, and to further clarify the clinical significance of BNP in the judgement of illness condition and treatment in the premature infants with hsPDA.Methods:A total of 106cases of premature infants within 6hof birth whose gestational age was no more than 32weeks were selected and divided into hsPDA group (43cases) and PDA with no hemodynamic significance group (nhsPDA group, 27cases) and no PDA group (nPDA group, 36cases) .The patients in HsPDA group were divided into hsPDA treatment group (33cases) and hsPDA non-treatment group (10cases) according to whether ibuprofen was administrated or not.Echocardiography was performed in the patients in hsPDA treatment group, 7dafter oral ibuprofen administration, and the patients in hsPDA treatment group were divided into hsPDA close group (15cases) and hsPDA non-close group (18cases) .The left atrium (LA) /aortic root diameter (VO) value, diameter of patent arterial duct, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) , shortening fraction, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVESD) were recorded at 1, 3, 7dafter birth of the premature infants in various groups with echocardiography.The level of BNP in plasma was determined by electrochemiluminescence.The correlation analysis was performed between the hemodynamic indexes of echocardiography and the level of BNP in plasma.Results:Compared with nhsPDA group, the LA/VO value, arterial catheter diameter and LVEDD were significantly increased (P<0.05) .The plasma BNP levels of premature infants in hsPDA close and non-close groups at 1and 3dafter birth were significantly higher than those in nPDA group (P<0.05) ;the plasma BNP level of the premature infants in hsPDA close group at 7dafter birth was significantly lower than that at 3dafter birth (P<0.05) .Compared with hsPDA non-treatment group, the LA/VO value, arterial catheter diameter, LEVDD and the plasma BNP level of the premature infants in hsPDA treatment group at 7dafter birth were significantly decreased (P<0.05) .The plasma BNP level was positively correlated with the LA/VO value and arterial catheter diameter (r=0.727, P<0.05;r=0.780, P<0.05) of the premature infants in hsPDA group at 3dafter birth.Conclusion:The level of plasma BNP of premature infants 3 dafter birth is positively correlated with the hemodynamic indexes, and the detection of the changes of the plasma BNP levels is helpful to judge the condition of preterm infants with hsPDA and to provide basis for its diagnosis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813198

ABSTRACT

To explore the differences in biological characteristics for the small gastrointestinal stromal tumors and the incidence of complications and recurrence between the traditional surgical treatment and endoscopic treatment.
 Methods: We collected the relevant clinical and pathological data from patients who were diagnosed as gastrointestinal stromal tumors with the diameter less than 2 cm by the Department of Pathology of Xiangya Hospital from January 2009 to December 2015. The complications and recurrence after the surgical treatment were analyzed.
 Results: In patients with small gastrointestinal stromal tumors, the proportion of female was higher than that of male (male:female=1:1.69). The median age for patient with this disease was 49 years old and it was more common in middle-aged and elderly. Most lesions were found in the stomach, followed by the esophagus and the small intestine. The small gastrointestinal stromal tumors occurred in the colon and rectum were rare. There was 60.3% (47/78) patients with abdominal pain, 7.7% (6/78) patients with hematochezia or melena, and 98.7% (78/79) with small gastrointestinal stromal tumors' mitotic count ≤5/50 HPF. The positive rates for CD, CD34, DOG-1, actin-smooth, and S-100 were 98.7%, 86.1%, 82.3%, 31.6%, and 24.1%, respectively. Three patients occurred surgical complications, 2 suffered recurrence during the follow-up. There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications and recurrence between the traditional surgical treatment and endoscopic treatment (P>0.05).
 Conclusion: Small gastrointestinal stromal tumors' malignant potential is low, and the recurrence and metastasis rate is low. Its biological behavior tends to be benign. The traditional surgical treatment and endoscopic treatment are both safe and effective for small gastrointestinal stromal tumor. Endoscopic treatment has the advantages in lower cost, shorter hospitalization time, and small trauma. Therefore, endoscopic treatment could be the first choice for small GIST resection under the condition of mature endoscopic technology.


Subject(s)
Aged , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Female , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Pathology , General Surgery , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Tumor Burden
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513391

ABSTRACT

A novel method for accurate,fast and sensitive detection of pesticides such as imidacloprid,isocarbophos,phoxim,dursban,imidacloprid,pyridaben and avermectin in environmental water samples has been developed by using ultrasound-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (UA-DLLME) coupled with high performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection (HPLC-UV).The UA-DLLME parameters such as types/volumes of extraction/dispersion solvents,ultrasonic time,ionic strength and extraction time were investigated.Under the optimized extraction conditions,the linearity for the detection of six pesticides in the concentration range of 10-600 μg/L was obtained with limits of detections (LODs) of 0.8-3.1 μg/L and relative standard deviations (RSDs) of 4.7%-11.3%.UA-DLLME method exhibited strong enrichment ability for the six pesticides,and the enrichment factor (EFs) were ranged from 58 to 187.This method had perfect linearity,precision and recovery results,and showed obvious advantages and practicality comparing the previously reported methods.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668078

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influencing factors of sulfated modification of Bupleurum chinense polysaccharides (BCP),and to elucidate the possible mechanism of improving the antioxidant ability of sulfated BCP (S-BCP).Methods:BCP was sulfated by chlorosulfonic acid-pyridine method.The degree of substitution (DS)of S-BCP was observed by adjusting the volume ratios of chlorosulfonic acid to pyridine (1:2,1:4,and 1:8).The structures of BCP and S-BCP were analyzed by infrared (IR)spectroscopy,the morphology of BCP and S-BCP were observed under scanning electron microscopy (SEM).The antioxidant model was established by using 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)free radical scavenging.The experiment was divided into positive control group,BCP group and S-BCP group,and the scavenging rates of DPPH free radical in various groups were compared. Results:When the volume ratio of chlorosulfonic acid to pyridine was 1 : 4,the reaction time was 2 h and the reaction temperature was 60 ℃,the maximum sulfur content percentage of S-BCP was 18.62% and the DS was the highest (DS = 2.32 ).Compared with BCP group, the scavenging rate of DPPH free radical of S-BCP was significantly increased (P <0.05).Conclusion:The volume ratio of chlorosulfonic acid to pyridine can affect the DS of S-BCP.The sulfated modification can increase the anti-oxidant capacity of BCP by changing its physic-chemical characters and spatial conformation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686565

ABSTRACT

Objective To estimate the safety and efficacy of submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (STER) on treatment of large esophageal submucosal tumors (SMTs) originating from muscularis propria layer.Methods The data of patients with large esophageal SMTs (diameter ≥ 3.5 cm) undergone STER (n=17) or endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD,n =15) at the Endoscopy Center of Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from December 2009 to March 2016 were retrospective analyzed.The therapeutic effects,hospitalization times,post-operation expenses,and occurrence of complications were evaluated and compared between the two groups.Results All the endoscopic treatments of the 32 patients were successfully completed.The operating time of the STER group was significantly longer than that of the ESD group (t =2.595,P =0.015).There was no statistical difference on the en bloc resection rate,complete resection rate and complication rate between STER group and ESD group (P>0.05).The mean post-operative hospital stay of the STER group was significantly less than that of the ESD group (3.8± 1.0days VS 6.7±1.8 days,t=5.644,P=0.000).The mean hospital cost of the STER group was significantly less than that of the ESD group (22 456.1±5 232.0 yuan VS 27 392.5±5 747.9 yuan,t =2.543,P =0.016).The wound healing rates at 1 month after operation in the STER group was significantly higher than that of the ESD group [94.1% (16/17) VS 20.0% (3/15),P=0.000].No recurrence and metastasis occurred in the STER group and ESD group during the 41.2±20.6 months follow-up.Conclusion STER is a safe and effective technique for treating large esophageal SMTs originating from the muscularis propria layer,with earlier wound healing,shorter hospital stay and lower cost compared with those of the traditional method of ESD.

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4887-4889, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501192

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To improve the system of management and maintenance for the purification air-conditioning system in PIVAS,and to further strengthen the management of cleaning environment. METHODS:The cleanness monitoring project of purifi-cation air-conditioning system in PIVAS of our hospital was introduced in terms of temperature and humidity record,pressure differ-ence record,airborne particles detection,settling microbe monitoring report. And the monitoring results were analyzed. RESULTS:The temperature and humidity,pressure difference of clean area in PIVAS of our hospital are both in line with the standard of Phar-macy Intravenous Admixture Quality Management Specification (2010 edition),i.e. temperature at 18-26 ℃,relative humidity of 40%-65%;negative pressure difference between antibiotics,hazardous drug dispensing area and second dressing room are 5-10 Pa. The number of airborne particles (average static particle/m3) at various cleanness degrees in clean area are all in line with the standard of GMP(2010 edition),i.e. maximal allowable number of airborne particles(≥0.5 μm)were 3 520/m3(100 degree);352 000/m3 (10 000 degree);3 520 000/m3 (100 000 degree). The percentage of qualified static settling microbe detection reach 100%in clean area,which is in line with the standard of Settling Microbe Detection Method in Clean Room(Area) of Pharmaceu-tical Industry,i.e. criteria for settling microbe(90 mm)CFU/0.5 h≤1(100 degree);≤3(10 000 degree);≤10(100 000 degree). The percentage of qualified dynamic settling microbe detection is in low level,especially those of dispensing room and secondary dressing room only reaches 80%. CONCLUSIONS:It’s important for effective hospital infection control in PIVAS,the quality im-provement of intravenous injection,the safety guarantee of drug use in patients to further improve standard operation procedure of purification air-conditioning system management and maintenance,and manage and maintain the purification air-conditioning sys-tem completely and scientifically.

13.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3014-3016, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455922

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relativity for weight of macrosomia predicted by ultrasound and clinical measurements . Methods 1 037 subjects who were delivered in May to November 2012 ,in Chongqing Health Center for Women and Children ,were collected and analyzed satistically .The parameters for the comparisons included maternal abdominal circumference (MAC) ,fundal height(FH) ,and fetal diameters measured by ultrasonic imaging such as biparietal diameter (BPD) ,head circumference(HC) ,femur length(FL) ,and abdominal circumference(AC) .The coincidence was calculated with real weights and compared with clinical predic-tions .Results When FH+ MAC 134 cm ,the accuracy of preliminary screening for macrosomia is the highest ,the area under the ROC curve is 0 .895 .Combining with the abdominal circumference(AC) by prenatal ultrasound ,the highest prediction rate of mac-rosomia is 75 .2% .when Fetal AC≥37 cm ,macrosomia incidence rate took 91 .7% .Conclusion Pregnant women with FH+MAC36 cm ,especially ≥37 cm ,the possibility of macrosomia is very high .

14.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 248-251, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404015

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the antioxidant capacity of crocetin and crocin in an in vivo system.Methods Column chromatography was applied to the seperation of crocetin and crocin-1 from gardenia.Crocetin(6.25,12.5 and 25.0 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) and crocin (18.7,37.5 and 75.0 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) were orally administered to kunming mice.Then,superoxide dismutase(SOD),glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px),total antioxidant capacity(TAOC)and malondialdehyde(MDA)in mice were determined for the comparison of antioxidant activity of crocetin and crocin-1.Results Oral administration of crocetin and crocin for six weeks could enhance SOD of liver and kidney,GSH-Px of liver and TAOC of heart and kidney.In addition,it could decrease MDA of serum in mice.Conclusions The comparison of results suggests the evidence supporting the comparable antioxidant activity of crocetin and crocin.The results of the research also indicate that liver and kidney are two organs targeted for protection concerning endogenous antioxidant among various tissues.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-548215

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To detect the expressions of mTOR and HIF-1?and their relationship with angiogenesis in gastric carcinomas. Methods: The expressions of mTOR and HIF-1?in gastric carcinomas tissues(n=70)and normal tissues(n=45)were measured by immunohistochemistry staining.CD34 immunostaining was used to measure the microvascular density(MVD).Results: The rates of the mTOR and HIF-1? positive expression were 51.4% and 67.1% respectively. MVD value of gastric cancer tissues was much higher than that of normal tissues(t=4.358, P

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-406307

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the status quo of the diagnosis and treatments of primary gastro-intestinal lymphoma (PGIL) in order to improve it. Methods Eighty-one patients with PGIL were ana-lyzed retrospectively including clinical manifestations, endoscopic features, pathological features, HP in-fection, treatment, and prognosis. Results The age of patients with gastric lymphoma was (52.84±15.33) years. The age of patients with intestinal lymphoma was (42.09±15.28) years. Common symp-toms included abdominal pain (76.5%), gastrointestinal bleeding (55.6%), anemia (54.3%), abdominal mass (25.9%), hypoproteinemia (40.7%), bowel obstruction (11.1%), abdominal dis-tension, vomiting, and other non-specific gastrointestinal symptoms (32.1%), weight loss (33.3%); fever (8.6%), diarrhea (7.4%), digestive tract perforation (1.2%), constipation (1.2%), and dysphagia (1.2%). Endoscopic appearances were as follows: tumor type (67.7%), ulcer type (27.7%), and diffuse type (4.6%). Clinical diagnosis rate and endoscopic biopsy confirmation rate were 30.9% and 73.8%. MALT lymphoma accounted for 61.7% of the patients. HP detection rate was 39.5 % and positive rate was 37.5 %. A total of 69 patients received surgeries: 3 had preoperative chem-otherapy, and 34 had postoperative chemotherapy. Twelve patients had non-surgical treatment, 6 patients of whom had simple chemotherapy and HP eradication therapy, and the other 6 gave up during the treat-ment. There was no significant difference in the survival rate of Stage Ⅰ~Ⅱ patients in the surgery alone group, surgery plus chemotherapy group, and chemotherapy and HP eradication therapy group (P>0.05). The survival rate of Stage IIIⅢ~Ⅳ patients in the surgery alone group was lower than that in the other 2 groups (P<0.05). The 5-year, 3-year, and 1-year survival rate was 55.87%, 70.96%, and 96.39%, respectively. Conclusion There are no specific clinical and endoscopic features in PGIL, so the misdiagnosis rate is high. Multi-site biopsy or repeated biopsies and immunohistochemical methods can be used to raise the pathological diagnosis rate. Chemotherapy and HP eradication are recommended.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-531358

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the active fractions from Antipyretic analgesics powder.METHODS:The active fractions were extracted from Antipyretic analgesics powder by supercritical-CO2 fluid extraction technique,separated and purified by molecular distillation(MD) technique.The active fractions were selected with the analgesic effect as index.RESULTS: The active fractions obtained showed remarkable analgesic effect.CONCLUSION: The result serves as a theoretic basis for the development of the active fractions-based new drugs.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-409794

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Medical order-obeying behavior(MOOB) in patients with essential hypertension(EH) cau directly affect the progression and prognosis of the disease. What factors, in turn, affect MOOB?OBJECTIVE:To analyze factors affecting MOOB in EH patients.DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.SETTING: Foreign Guests Ward of Qindu Stomatological Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University of Chinese PLA.PARTICIPANTS: A total of 205 patients with EH were admitted into the Foreign Guests Ward of Qindu Stomatological Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University of Chinese PLA from January 1998 to August 2000. Inclusion criteria: In accordance with WHO diagnostic criteria for hypertension. Exclusion criteria: Diabetes and other cardiovascular diseases. Altogether 164 patients with the mean age of (51 ± 5) years, 122 men and 42 women , accorded to the inclusion criteria.METHODS: The 164 patients were investigated with the self-designed questionnaire concerning MOOB in EH patients; patients' sex, educational level, family economic conditions, disease duration and other factors affecting MOOB were observed.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Factors related to the patients' MOOB.RESULTS:53.0% (87/164) patients followed the medical orders and persisted in exercise therapy, 58.5 % ( 96 / 164 ) patients followed reasonable diet, 51.6% (32/164)patients quitted smoking and alcohol drinking, 82. 3% (135/164) received regular recheck-up, 64.6% (106/164) followed the medicinal treatment prescribed. Sex did not influence MOOB significantly. The rate of medical-order disobedience was higher in illiterate people and those with education below junior middle school level, but lower in those with education above senior middle school level(x2 =7.25, P < 0.01) . The disobedience rate was lower in patients with the mean income of > 500 yuan/month than in those with < 500 yuan/month(x2 = 39.4, P < 0.01),and was also lower in patients with disease duration < 1 year than those with disease duration > 1 year (x2 =5.66, P < 0.05).CONCLUSION; Medical order-obeying behavior in EH patients is poor, and it is significantly influenced by patients' educational level, family economic conditions and disease duration.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-561304

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of 4 types of adhesion molecules in digestive system tumors with bone marrow metastasis.Methods The fresh bone marrow slies of 72 cases of digestive system tumor with bone marrow metastasis,including 26 gastric cancer,25 liver cancer,21 colorectal cancer,were obtained.The tumor cell slides of 76 cases of digestive system tumor without metastasis,including 32 gastric cancer,20 liver cancer,24 colorectal cancer,were obtained.The expressions of 4 kinds of adhesion molecules in two groups were studied by ABC immunohistochemical methods,and positive rate was recorded and accumulated points.Results ICAM-1、E-cad and CEA positive rates/CD44V6 accumulated points were up-regulated in gastric cancer cells in bone marrow;ICAM-1、CD44V6 accumulated points/CEA positive rate were up-regulated in liver cancer cells in bone marrow,while expression of E-cad had no difference;ICAM-1、CD44V6 and CEA accumulated points/E-cad positive rate were up-regulated in large bowel cancer cells in bone marrow.Conclusion Different adhesion molecules play coordinative or resistant role in digestive system tumor with bone marrow metastasis.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-558899

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of multiple adhesion molecules ICAM-1、CD_ 44 V6、CD_ 28 、E-cad and CEA in organic selection of gastric carcinomatous metastasis.Methods Eighty-four gastric carcinoma cases(32 cases without metastases,52 cases with transfer to liver、marrow、lymphonode、lung、kidney or belly cavity),were take operation sample or tissue under gastroscopy,being made cells single by primary culture,then were detected the expression of 5 kinds of adhesion molecules by ABC immunohistochemistry,positive rate was recorded.Results ICAM-1 had high expression in cases with marrow or lung metastasis,while low expression in cases with lymphonode metastasis.CD_ 44 v6 had high expression in cases with lymphnode or liver metastasis.CD_ 28 had high expression in cases with liver、lung or kidney metastasis.E-cad had high expression in cases with marrow metastasis,while low expression in cases with other metastasis.CEA had especially high expression in cases with liver、belly cavity or lymphnode metastasis.Conclusion High or low expression of adhesion molecules ICAM-1、CD_ 44 V6、CD_ 28 、E-cad and CEA plays a certain role in organic selection of gastric carcinomatous metastasis.

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