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1.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 432-440, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881918

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the status and its influencing factors of anxiety symptoms in patients with occupational noise-induced deafness(ONID). METHODS: A total of 220 ONID patients were selected as the ONID group,and 200 healthy participants without noise exposure were selected as the control group by judge sampling method.The two groups were investigated by the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, Self-Rating Depression Scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. The Tinnitus Handicap Inventory was used to evaluate the disability levels of tinnitus, and pure-tone audiometry was used to assess the degree of tinnitus and hearing impairment in the ONID group. RESULTS: The incidence of anxiety, depression, and sleep disorder were higher in the ONID group than that in the control group(52.7% vs 9.0%, 55.0% vs 15.0%, 52.3% vs 7.0%, P<0.05). In ONID with anxiety subgroup, the duration of disease was longer(1.0 vs 2.0 years, P<0.01), incidences of tinnitus, depression and sleep disorder were higher than those in ONID without anxiety subgroup(92.3% vs 100.0%, 18.3% vs 87.9%, 19.2% vs 81.9%, P<0.01). The result of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the longer the duration of disease and the more severe of the tinnitus, the higher the risk of anxiety symptoms in patients with ONID [the odds ratio(OR) and its 95% confidence interval(CI) were 1.35(1.10-1.65) and 2.94(1.56-5.54) respectively, P<0.01]. The risk of anxiety in patients with sleep disorders was higher than those without sleep disorders [OR(95%CI) was 12.78(5.90-27.64), P<0.01]. CONCLUSION: The ONID patients are more likely to have anxiety. The duration of disease, severity of tinnitus and sleep disorders are the risk factors causing anxiety in ONID patients.

2.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 324-328, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881904

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of electroacupuncture treatment on the levels of cortisol and immune factors in patients with occupational noise-induced deafness(ONID) combined with depressive symptoms. METHODS: A total of 78 ONID patients combined with depressive symptoms were randomly divided into control group(40 cases) and electroacupuncture group(38 cases) by a random number table method. The control group received routine therapy, while the electroacupuncture group was treated with routine therapy plus electroacupuncture on alternate days, 3 times a week for 4 consecutive weeks. The levels of salivary cortisol, as well as the serum levels of cortisol, tumor necrosis factor alpha(TNF-α), interleukin-6(IL-6) and C-reactive protein(CRP) of the two groups were observed and compared before and after treatment. RESULTS: Before treatment, the levels of saliva cortisol in the morning and night, and the serum levels of cortisol, IL-6, TNF-α and CRP in the two groups were compared, and the differences were not statistically significant(P>0.05). After treatment, the serum cortisol level of patients in electroacupuncture group reduced than that before treatment in the same group(P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the levels of salivary cortisol in the morning and night, and serum cortisol before and after treatment both in control group and electroacupuncture group(P>0.05). After treatment, the serum levels of IL-6 and TNF-α decreased in electroacupuncture group as compared with those before treatment and those after treatment in control group(P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Electroacupuncture treatment could reduce the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in serum of ONID patients combined with depressive symptoms. The regulation of electroacupuncture on the inflammatory cytokines may be one of the mechanisms in treating ONID combined with depressive symptoms.

3.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 359-362, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881806

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of integrated Chinese and Western medicine for the treatment of occupational noise-induced deafness( ONID). METHODS: A total of 80 ONID patients were selected and randomly divided into control group and treatment group by judgment sampling method,with 40 cases in each group. The control group received routine western medicine treatment using mecobalamin tablets,vitamin B complex,nerve growth factor and hyperbaric oxygen. The treatment group received routine western medicine as the control group,plus acupuncture,moxibustion and auricular point pressing. The patients in both groups were treated continuously for 30 days. The questionnaire of conscious,the selfconscious symptoms such as tinnitus,headache,dizziness and insomnia were recorded in these two groups before and after treatment. Pure tone audiometry was performed on the patients at the same time. RESULTS: After treatment,the binaural high frequency threshold average( BHFTA) and threshold of weighted value of the left and right ears in the treatment group were better than that in the same group before treatment( P < 0. 05). The difference of the BHFTA and threshold of weighted value of the right ear in the treatment group before and after treatment was higher than that in the control group( P < 0. 05). After treatment,the symptoms of tinnitus,headache,dizziness and insomnia in the two groups were better than those in the same group before treatment. The total improvement rate of tinnitus and dizziness symptoms in the treatment group was higher than that in the control group( P < 0. 05). CONCLUSION: The treatment with integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine for ONID can improve the hearing level of patients,effectively alleviate the accompanying self-conscious symptoms,and is suitable for promotion in clinical use.

4.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 727-730, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881742

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of occupational stress on the level of salivary cortisol in electronic manufacturing workers. METHODS: Two hundreds and forty workers were selected as study subjects by cluster sampling method. The Job Content Questionnaire and the Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire were used to investigate the level of occupational stress in the job demand control( JDC) model and effort reward Imbalance( ERI) model. The saliva samples of workers were taken to determine the cortisol levels. RESULTS: Among the 240 workers,172( 71. 7%) showed occupational stress based on JDC model and 59( 24. 6%) showed occupational stress based on ERI model. The level of salivary cortisol of the workers in the high occupational stress group of JDC and ERI model were higher than those of the low occupational stress group( P < 0. 01). The level of salivary cortisol was positively correlated with the score of job demands,external costs and internal inputs( P < 0. 01),and it was negatively correlated with score of return dimension( P < 0. 01). In the occupational stress of JDC model,job requirements and autonomy entered the regression equation( P < 0. 05),that explained the 14. 0% of the total variation of the equation. In the occupational stress of ERI model,job pay and return dimension entered the regression equation( P < 0. 05),that explained the 13. 0% of the total variation of the equation. CONCLUSION: There is a correlation between occupational stress and level of salivary cortisol in the electronic manufacturing workers. Salivary cortisol can be used as an indicator of occupational stress.

5.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 745-753, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882001

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of shift work on hypertension in petrochemical production workers. METHODS: Totally 2573 workers were recruited from a petrochemical company by convenience sampling method. We collected the basic information of participants via questionnaire and made occupational physical examination in these subjects to evaluate the relationship shift work with hypertension. RESULTS: The results showed that the prevalence of hypertension in the present study was 15. 1%,and the shift workers were with significant higher prevalence compared with the non-shift workers( 15. 9% vs 10. 7%,P < 0. 05). The systolic blood pressure levels were significant higher in shift work group than that in non-shift work group [( 119. 8 ± 14. 9) vs( 116. 6 ± 13. 7) mmHg,P < 0. 01]. After adjusted for age,gender,education,body mass index,family history of hypertension,and other confounding factors,multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of hypertension in shift work group was 1. 49 times( 95% confidence interval was 1. 05-2. 12)than that of non-shift work group( P < 0. 05). By using stratified analysis by the duration of shift work in the shift workers,the risk of hypertension in the duration of 10-year and 20-year groups were higher than that of the duration less than 10-year group( P < 0. 05). CONCLUSION: Shift work exposure increases the prevalence of hypertension by affecting systolic blood pressure,and this risk can be enhanced with increasing duration of shift work.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-539518

ABSTRACT

0.05 ). Conclusions Lateral and apical periprostatic anesthesia can significantly diminish the pain and discomfort in those undergoing transrectal prostate biopsy without increasing the incidence of complications.We recommend that this procedure be routinely applied to all patients undergoing transrectal prostate biopsy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-539077

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the safety and effica cy of local lidocaine anesthesia for pain control during transrectal ultrasound-g uided 10-core biopsy of the prostate. Methods Transrect al ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy was performed for 150 consecutive men beca use of an abnormal digital rectal examination and(or) abnormal transrectal ult rasound scan and(or) elevated prostate specific antigen.100 paients were rando mly assigned to receive an injection of 2% lidocaine (group 1,50 cases)or norm al saline(group 2,50 cases)into the lateral and apical periprostatic region,3 ml in each point,the other 50 patients(group 3) served as controls.Immediate ly after biopsy the pain score was recorded independently by a nurse using 10-p oint visual analog scale(VAS). Results The pain score range was 0 to 7.5 in the group 1,0 to 9.1 in the group 2 and 0 to 7.4 in the co ntrol group,the mean pain scores being 2.0 in the group 1,4.0 in the group 2 a nd 3.7 in the control group.The diffrence between group 1 and group 2、3 was sig nificant( P

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