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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 809-817, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922883

ABSTRACT

The bone formation promoter recombinant human parathyroid hormone 1-34 [PTH (1-34)] has a short half-life and low bioavailability. In this study, we prepared a biodegradable and temperature-sensitive hyaluronic acid-poly-N-isopropyl acrylamide (AHA-g-PNIPAAm), and further investigated its effects of PTH (1-34) release and cell behavior as drug carrier. The structure of AHA-g-PNIPAAM was confirmed by hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and infrared spectroscopy. Next, PTH (1-34) loaded thermo-sensitive hydrogels were prepared by physical swelling method and their stability was investigated. The morphology of hydrogel was observed by scanning electron microscope. The minimum critical transition temperature and drug release behavior of hydrogels were investigated by ultraviolet spectrophotometry. The tetrazolium-based colorimetric assay (MTT assay) was used to investigate the toxicity and proliferation effects of PTH (1-34)-loaded thermo-sensitive hydrogel on mouse mononuclear macrophage RAW264.7 and mouse precranial osteoblasts MC3T3-E1. The effect of PTH (1-34)-loaded thermo-sensitive hydrogel on the differentiation of RAW264.7 was investigated by the tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase assay. The results showed that the PTH (1-34)-loaded thermo-sensitive hydrogel prepared in this study displayed regular three-dimensional honeycomb structure, and had good stability, thermo-sensitivity and sustained and controlled release properties, which could promote the proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells more effectively and inhibit the differentiation of RAW264.7 into osteoclasts.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922536

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Functional constipation (FC) is one of the most prevalent functional gastrointestinal disorders. Dissatisfaction with medications prescribed to treat FC may lead patients to seek alternative treatments. Numerous systematic reviews (SRs) examining the use of acupuncture to treat FC have reported inconsistent results, and the quality of these studies has not been fully evaluated.@*OBJECTIVE@#In this overview, we evaluated and summarized clinical evidence on the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for treating FC and evaluated the quality and bias of the SRs we reviewed.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#The search strategy was structured by medical subject headings and search terms such as "acupuncture therapy" and "functional constipation." Electronic searches were conducted in eight databases from their inception to September 2020.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#SRs that investigated the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for managing FC were included.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Two authors independently extracted information and appraised the methodology, reporting accuracy, quality of evidence, and risk of bias using the following critical appraisal tools: (1) A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews 2 (AMSTAR 2); (2) Risk of Bias in Systematic Reviews (ROBIS); (3) Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses for Acupuncture (PRISMA-A); and (4) the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE). A κ index was used to score the level of agreement between the 2 reviewers.@*RESULTS@#Thirteen SRs that examined the clinical utility of acupuncture for treating FC were identified. Using the AMSTAR 2 tool, we rated 92.3% (12/13) of the SRs as "critically low" confidence and one study as "low" confidence. Using the ROBIS criteria, 38.5% (5/13) of the SRs were considered to have "low risk" of bias. Based on PRISMA-A, 76.9% (10/13) of the SRs had over 70% compliance with reporting standards. The inter-rater agreement was good for AMSTAR 2, ROBIS, and PRISMA-A. Using the GRADE tool, we classified 22.5% (9/40) of the measured outcomes as "moderate" quality, 57.5% (23/40) as "low" quality, and 20.0% (8/40) as "very low" quality. The inter-rater agreement was moderate when using GRADE. Descriptive analyses indicated that acupuncture was more efficacious than sham acupuncture for improving weekly complete spontaneous bowel movements (CSBMs) and for raising the Bristol Stool Form Scale (BSFS) score. Acupuncture appeared to be superior to anti-constipation drugs for improving weekly spontaneous bowel movements, the total effective rate, and the Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life score. Although ten SRs mentioned the occurrence of adverse events, serious adverse events were not associated with acupuncture treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture may be more efficacious than sham acupuncture for improving CSBMs and BSFS scores and may be superior to anti-constipation drugs for improving bowel movement frequency, as well as quality of life. Limitations to current studies and inconsistent evidence suggest a need for more rigorous and methodologically sound SRs to draw definitive conclusions.@*SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION@#PROSPERO CRD42020189173.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Constipation/therapy , Humans , Quality of Life , Systematic Reviews as Topic
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920741

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the polymorphism of Plasmodium lactate dehydrogenase (pLDH) gene and predict B-cell epitopes in pLDH peptides in four species of human malaria parasites. Methods The blood samples and epidemiological characteristics were collected from malaria cases in Yunnan Province registered in the National Notifiable Disease Report System. The pLDH genes of four human Plasmodium species were amplified using nested PCR assay and sequenced. The polymorphisms of pLDH genes was analyzed using the software MEGA version 7.0.26 and DnaSP version 5.10, and the B-cell epitopes were predicted in pLDH peptides using the Immune Epitope Database (IEDB). Results The sequences of P. vivax LDH (PvLDH), P. falciparum LDH (PfLDH), P. ovale LDH (PoLDH) and P. malariae LDH (PmLDH) genes were obtained from 153, 29, 17 and 11 blood samples from patients with P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. ovale and P. malariae malaria, respectively, which included 15, 2, 4 and 2 haplotypes and had a nucleotide diversity (π) of 0.104. A high level of intra-species differentiation was seen in the PoLDH gene (π = 0.012), and the π values were all < 0.001 for PvLDH, PfLDH and PmLDH genes. Active regions of B-cell antigen were predicted in the pLDH peptide chain of four human malaria parasites, of 4 to 5 in each chain, and the activity score was approximately 0.430. Among these peptide chains, the “86-PGKSDKEWNRD-96” short-peptide was a B-cell epitope shared by all four species of human malaria parasites, and the “266-GQYGHS (T)-271” short-peptide was present in PvLDH and PoLDH peptide chains, while “212-EEVEGIFDR-220” was only found in the PvLDH peptide chain, and “208-LISDAE-213” was only seen in the PfLDH peptide chain. Conclusions The PoLDH gene polymorphism may be derived from the weak negative purification selection, while PvLDH, PfLDH and PmLDH genes may maintain a relatively conservative state. There may be two B-cell epitopes “212-EEVEGIFDR-220” and “208-LISDAE-213” in the proximal region of the C terminal in the pLDH peptide chain, which is feasible to differentiate between P. vivax and P. falciparum infections.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909617

ABSTRACT

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most common complications of diabetes. It is an important cause of diabetes disability and death. DN is a systemic metabolic syndrome. In its pathogenesis, the interaction of various cell activities and a large number of cytokine biological activities, the activation of signal pathways and so on are involved in the development of DN. At present, the clinical treatment of DN is mainly Western medicine, but it has limitations such as strong toxicity, high side effects and poor compliance. Therefore, the discovery of natural anti-DN substances has also become an important means to treat DN. Mulberry leaves are the dry leaves of Morus alba L. It is not only a tradi?tional Chinese medicine, but also a dual-purpose medicinal material for medicine and food. It has the effects of dispelling wind and clearing heat, cooling blood and brightening eyes, tonifying and so on. Mulberry leaf polysaccharide (MLP) is a kind of high molecular compound in mulberry leaves. It has many pharmacological effects, such as hypoglycemic, antiox?idant, anti-stress, anti-virus and so on. Therefore, the pharmacological effects of mulberry leaf polysaccharides on dia?betic nephropathy are reviewed in this paper, so as to provide references for further research and application. The patho?genesis of DN is complex, and the mechanism of renal injury has not been completely clarified. The current studies believe that DN is closely related to heredity, abnormal glucose metabolism, abnormal lipid metabolism, microcirculation disorder, cytokine action, oxidative stress and so on. Relevant studies show that the pharmacological effects of mulberry leaf polysaccharide in the prevention and treatment of DN mainly include: ① Effect on transforming factor-β1 (TGF-β1):TGF-β1 has become an important cytokine involved in the formation of renal fibrosis by regulating cell proliferation and differentiation and the production of extracellular matrix (ECM). MLP can significantly inhibit TGF-β1 protein, and then inhibit the synthesis of extracellular matrix by renal interstitial fibroblasts and inhibit the realization of fibrosis.②Effect on insulin receptor substrate (IRS-1): IRS-1 is an important signal molecule at the beginning of IR signal transduction. The decrease of IRS-1 gene expression or the decrease of expression can affect the effective transmission of IR signal and lead to the development and deterioration of diabetes. MPL can significantly increase the expression of IRS-1 mRNA in liver tissue of DN rats, so as to prevent and treat DN. ③ Effect on the expression of resistin protein in adipose tis?sue. Resistin is a secretory polypeptide derived from adipose tissue and is specifically expressed in white adipose tissue and is closely related to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Experimental studies show that MLP can effectively reduce the expression of resistin protein in white adipose tissue of T2DM rats, indicating that MLP may reduce the level of IR by inhibiting the expression of resistin in adipose tissue, thereby reducing the insulin resistance state of T2DM rats, so as to achieve the goal of treating diabetes.④Effect on adiponectin receptor 1 (AdipoR1):adiponectin can improve insulin resistance, reduce blood glucose and lipid. AdipoR1 is mainly expressed in skeletal muscle and kidney. Studies have shown that AdipoR1 is closely related to the occurrence and development of DN. The results showed that MLP could reduce the blood glucose and blood lipid level and up regulate the expression of AdipoR1 mRNA in DN rats, suggesting that MLP may delay the occurrence and development of DN. This article reviewed the pharmacological effects of mulberry leaf polysaccharides on diabetic nephropathy, and provided a useful basis for further development and utilization of mul?berry leaf polysaccharides in the treatment of DN.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1069-1073, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909454

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of conservative oxygen therapy and conventional oxygen therapy on the efficacy and prognosis of mechanical ventilation support in patients with severe pneumonia.Methods:A prospective randomized controlled study were conducted, 110 patients with severe pneumonia requiring mechanical ventilation in intensive care unit (ICU) of Hefei First People's Hospital from May 2019 to May 2021 were selected and divided into conventional oxygen therapy group (51 cases) and conservative oxygen therapy group (55 cases) according to random number table method. Patients in both groups were treated with invasive to non-invasive sequential mechanical ventilation strategy, and the target of oxygen therapy in the conventional oxygen therapy group was set as the arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2) > 150 mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa) or pulse oxygen saturation (SpO 2) > 0.96. In the conservative oxygen therapy group, PaO 2 was set at 70-100 mmHg or SpO 2 at 0.90-0.92. The changes of blood gas analysis, mechanical ventilation time, ICU stay time, ICU mortality, new organ dysfunction and infection more than 48 hours after admission were observed in two groups before and after treatment. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the difference in cumulative survival rate between the two groups. Results:After treatment, pH value, PaO 2 and oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2) in both groups were significantly higher than before treatment, and arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2) was significantly lower than before treatment. pH value in the conservative oxygen therapy group was significantly higher than that in the conventional oxygen therapy group (7.4±0.1 vs. 7.3±0.3). PaO 2, PaCO 2 and PaO 2/FiO 2 were significantly lower than those in conventional oxygen therapy group [PaO 2 (mmHg): 68.9±4.7 vs. 75.2±6.0, PaCO 2 (mmHg): 42.1±5.6 vs. 50.5±7.5, PaO 2/FiO 2 (mmHg): 329±126 vs. 365±108, all P < 0.05]. The mechanical ventilation time in the conservative oxygen therapy group was significantly longer than that in the conventional oxygen therapy group (days: 19.7±3.5 vs. 13.9±4.5, P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference in ICU hospitalization time between the conservative oxygen therapy group and the conventional oxygen therapy group (days: 26.5±5.0 vs. 25.5±4.6, P > 0.05). Compared with the conventional oxygen therapy group, the ICU mortality, the incidence of nosocomial bloodstream infection, and the incidence of liver insufficiency, shock, and ICU acquired weakness (ICUAW) were decreased significantly in the conservative oxygen therapy group [ICU mortality: 27.3% (15/55) vs. 45.1% (23/51), liver insufficiency: 1.8% (1/55) vs. 7.8% (4/51), shock: 3.6% (2/55) vs. 9.8% (5/51), ICUAW: 5.5% (3/55) vs. 11.8% (6/51), the incidence of new bloodstream infection: 5.5% (3/55) vs. 11.8% (6/51), all P < 0.05]. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the cumulative survival rate of the conservative oxygen therapy group was significantly higher than that of the conventional oxygen therapy group (72.7% vs. 54.9%; Log-Rank test: χ 2 = 4.244, P = 0.039). Conclusion:Conservative oxygen therapy can reduce ICU mortality, the incidence of shock, liver insufficiency, ICUAW, and bloodstream infection in patients with severe pneumonia, but prolong mechanical ventilation time.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909296

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this review is to evaluate the promoting effects of amniotic membrane tissue on ulcer healing and investigate the underlying mechanism, providing new ideas for diabetic foot management. A computer-based online search of CNKI, PubMed and other databases to screen multi-center, randomized controlled trials published in high-impact journals using biological dressings, diabetic foot and other search terms. The retrieved data were analyzed and summarized. Amniotic membrane tissue and its derivatives can greatly shorten the time taken for healing of ulcer surface. This occurs possibly because they can promote angiogenesis and neural repair and prevent against infection. Moreover, the new derivatives provide great ease in use. Therefore, amniotic membrane and its derivatives provide a new tool for diabetic foot management.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909239

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of spiral CT combined with a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 8 (ADAM8), neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and cytokeratin 19 fragment (CYFRA21-1) measurements in the clinical diagnosis of lung cancer.Methods:Fifty patients with lung cancer who received treatment in Shanxi Rongjun Hospital from February 2018 to December 2019 were included in the lung cancer group. Fifty patients with benign lung disease who concurrently received treatment in Shanxi Rongjun Hospital were included in the benign lung disease group. Fifty 50 healthy controls who concurrently received treatment in Shanxi Rongjun Hospital were included in the control group. Serum levels of ADAM8, NSE and CYFRA211 were compared among the three groups. Three groups received spiral CT scans. ADAM8-, NSE- and CYFRA211-positive detection rates were analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the efficacy of different methods in the diagnosis of lung cancer. Serum ADAM8, NSE and CYFRA211 levels in patients with lung cancer at different TNM stages were compared.Results:Serum levels of ADAM8, NSE and CYFRA211 in the lung cancer and benign lung disease groups were (381.69 ± 34.82) ng/L, (255.28 ± 30.48) ng/L, (16.87 ± 3.11) μg/L, (9.27 ± 2.11) μg/L,(13.54 ± 8.10) μg/L, (3.01 ± 1.34) μg/L, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group [(225.83 ± 24.19) ng/L, (7.42 ± 2.35) μg/L, (1.78 ± 1.02) μg/L, t = 5.352, 25.994, 4.142, 17.142, 5.165, 10.186, all P < 0.05]. Serum levels of ADAM8, NSE and CYFRA211 in the lung cancer group were significantly higher than those in the benign lung disease group ( t = 19.316, 14.299, 9.069, all P < 0.05). The positive detection rate of lung cancer by spiral CT combined with ADAM8, NSE and CYFRA211 measurements was 92.00%, which was significantly higher than that by spiral CT combined with a single detection ( χ2 = 7.862, 9.000, 11.422, 9.000, all P < 0.05). The ROC curve analysis revealed that the area under the ROC curve, sensitivity and specificity of the combined method were 0.916, 0.920 and 0.900, respectively, which were significantly higher than those of spiral CT combined with a single detection. Serum ADAM8, NSE and CYFRA211 levels at TNM stages III-IV were (430.18 ± 36.43) ng/L, (20.05 ± 3.49) μg/L, (15.93 ± 8.22) μg/L, respectively, which were significantly higher than those at TNM stages I-II [(314.72 ± 30.85) ng/L, (12.49 ± 2.67) μg/L, (10.25 ± 6.35) μg/L, t = 11.777, 8.312, 2.644, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Spiral CT combined with serum ADAM8, NSE and CYFRA211 levels can greatly increase the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of lung cancer, which is worthy of clinical application.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908983

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of Bloom target teaching theory combined with PBL teaching mode in standardized residency training of respiratory.Methods:A total of 44 residents of Batch 2019 who had been in respiratory department of our hospital for 2 months on rotation were selected as the control group, and traditional teaching training was adopted in the group. In addition, 41 residents of Batch 2020 who were enrolled in the respiratory department of our hospital for a 2-month residency training rotation were selected as the research group, and Bloom target teaching theory combined with PBL teaching mode was applied in the group. After the residency training, the teaching effect of the two groups of training residents was evaluated by theoretical examination, practical skill operation examination and questionnaire survey. SPSS 22.0 was used to conduct t test. Results:The results of theoretical assessment and practical skills operation assessment of students in the study group were better than those in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The subjective satisfaction of the training residents and the tutors were scored respectively. The results showed that the scores of residents in the study group were higher than those in the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The subjective satisfaction score of residents on the assessment results of this stage showed that residents in the study group had higher scores than the control group, with statistical significance ( P<0.05). The tutor's subjective satisfaction score of the assessment results at this stage showed that the scores of the residents in the study group were higher than those in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The combination of Bloom target teaching theory and PBL teaching mode can improve the theoretical and practical operation ability of students in respiratory department, improve their learning initiative, enthusiasm and teaching satisfaction, and then improve the teaching quality.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908907

ABSTRACT

For adapting to the change of modern medical model and suiting social demand of high quality dentists, this paper compares the differences of undergraduate education in stomatology between China and Russia by using the method of Bereday comparative education, trying to provide some reference for the reform of Chinese stomatology education. Curriculum arrangement in China is being constantly explored based on the Russian model. In China, courses are divided into basic medicine, clinical medicine and stomatology in three stages, making students relatively passive in learning. And the ratio of practice to lecture is far more higher in Russia than that in China. Thus, it's necessary to optimize structure and balance the distribution of stomatological curriculum in China, improve and popularize learning models such as problem -based learning (PBL) and so on, so as to promote the development of stomatology education of China to a higher level.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908638

ABSTRACT

Wavefront aberration is an evaluation index of objective visual quality.In recent years, the relationship between the wavefront aberration compensation in human eyes and the visual quality has been paid more and more attention.There is a mutual compensation relationship between various aberration terms, between corneal aberration and intraocular aberration, and between the anterior and posterior corneal surfaces, and the visual nervous system compensates human eye aberrations.The characteristics of aberration compensation change with age, and are different in analysis of different regions.Vision correction methods, such as refractive surgery and contact lenses, will change the aberration compensation relationship in human eyes, and the changes caused may have an impact on visual quality.It is important to understand the relationship between the aberration compensation characteristics in human eyes and the visual quality.Therefore, not only the existing aberrations should be taken into consideration, but also the compensation characteristics of human eye aberrations must be elucidated to make personalized correction for the aberrations and improve the visual quality after correction.The research progress and significance on the relationship between human eye aberration compensation characteristics and visual quality were reviewed in this article.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908552

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate and compare the changes of modulation transfer function (MTF) after small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis(FS-LASIK).Methods:A cohort study was conducted.One hundred and two myopic patients (102 eyes) who underwent SMILE and FS-LASIK in Tianjin Eye Hospital from December 2015 to June 2016 were enrolled and divided into SMILE group with 53 eyes and FS-LASIK group with 49 eyes according to different surgical methods.The ocular aberrations and corneal morphology of all patients were measured by the Hartman-Shack wave-front analyzer and Pentacam topography before surgery and 1, 3 and 6 months postoperatively.MTF of optic system was calculated and analyzed.The changes of MTF values were compared between the two groups at different time points under different spatial frequencies, after removal of low-order aberrations at postoperative 6 months, and after removal of vertical coma aberration, horizontal coma aberration and spherical aberration in the SMILE group at postoperative 6 months.The study protocol complied with the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of Tianjin Eye Hospital (No.TJYYLL-2014-17). Written informed consent was obtained from each patient before surgery.Results:Compared with the preoperative MTF, there were significant increases in postoperative 1-, 3- and 6-month MTF at all spatial frequencies in the SMILE group and FS-LASIK group (all at P<0.05). MTF values at all spatial frequencies in the SMILE group were significantly higher than those in the FS-LASIK group at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery (all at P<0.05), except at 55 c/d and 60 c/d at 6 months postoperatively.The postoperative 6-month MTF values at all spatial frequencies without low-order aberration were higher in the SMILE group than those in the FS-LASIK group, showing significant differences between the two groups (all at P<0.05). In the SMILE group, the postoperative 6-month MTF values at 1 c/d spatial frequency without the horizontal coma aberration and spherical aberration were significantly higher than the preoperative MTF values (both at P<0.01); the postoperative 6-month MTF values at 1 c/d and 3 c/d spatial frequency without vertical coma aberration were significantly higher than the preoperative MTF values (both at P<0.05), and there were no statistically significant differences between the postoperative 6-month MTF values at the other spatial frequencies with and without single high-order aberrations (all at P>0.05). Conclusions:Optic quality has been obviously improved after SMILE and FS-LASIK, and the SMILE is superior to FS-LASIK in the MTF value.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907132

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo understand the satisfaction and comfort level of the rail transit passengers regarding hygienic environment of one city, and provide a basis of hygienic management and suggestions for rail transit operations. MethodsPassengers who have lived in the city for the past 6 months and used rail transit as their main transportation tool were selected to conduct a questionnaire survey to collect basic information, satisfaction with environmental cleanliness, perception of crowdedness, air quality and noise, etc. The Chi-square, Pearson contingency coefficient and linear trend test of orderly grouped data were used for statistical analysis. ResultsA total of 820 valid questionnaires were collected, with a total effective rate of 94.0%. Passengers' overall satisfaction with the environmental cleanliness of each link of rail transit was between basic and relatively better satisfaction, with an average of 3.52. Passengers with different one-way trip times had different satisfaction with the cleanliness of each link (P<0.05). Passengers generally thought that the rail transit was crowded and the carriages were more crowded than the station. The level of feeling congestion was correlated with the age and gender of passengers (P<0.05). Passengers thought that the air quality of the rail transit was inferior in carriages during the evening rush hour, and experienced different symptoms such as drowsiness, dizziness, and headache. Passengers perceived that the rail transit was noisy, and much noisier in the carriages. ConclusionPassengers are basically satisfied with the hygienic environment of rail transit. It is necessary to focus on strengthening the hygiene and cleanliness of toilets and X-ray luggage inspection systems in the future rail transit hygienic design and management. Passengers are uncomfortable with the air quality, congestion and noise in the rail transit environment. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the management and control of the centralized air conditioning and ventilation systems, enhance fresh air volume, reduce ambient noise, and focus on controlling the hygiene environment in the carriages in order to improve the comfort and satisfaction of passengers in the rail transit environment.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907109

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo understand the satisfaction and comfort level of the rail transit passengers regarding hygienic environment of one city, and provide a basis of hygienic management and suggestions for rail transit operations. MethodsPassengers who have lived in the city for the past 6 months and used rail transit as their main transportation tool were selected to conduct a questionnaire survey to collect basic information, satisfaction with environmental cleanliness, perception of crowdedness, air quality and noise, etc. The Chi-square, Pearson contingency coefficient and linear trend test of orderly grouped data were used for statistical analysis. ResultsA total of 820 valid questionnaires were collected, with a total effective rate of 94.0%. Passengers' overall satisfaction with the environmental cleanliness of each link of rail transit was between basic and relatively better satisfaction, with an average of 3.52. Passengers with different one-way trip times had different satisfaction with the cleanliness of each link (P<0.05). Passengers generally thought that the rail transit was crowded and the carriages were more crowded than the station. The level of feeling congestion was correlated with the age and gender of passengers (P<0.05). Passengers thought that the air quality of the rail transit was inferior in carriages during the evening rush hour, and experienced different symptoms such as drowsiness, dizziness, and headache. Passengers perceived that the rail transit was noisy, and much noisier in the carriages. ConclusionPassengers are basically satisfied with the hygienic environment of rail transit. It is necessary to focus on strengthening the hygiene and cleanliness of toilets and X-ray luggage inspection systems in the future rail transit hygienic design and management. Passengers are uncomfortable with the air quality, congestion and noise in the rail transit environment. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the management and control of the centralized air conditioning and ventilation systems, enhance fresh air volume, reduce ambient noise, and focus on controlling the hygiene environment in the carriages in order to improve the comfort and satisfaction of passengers in the rail transit environment.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3493-3502, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906842

ABSTRACT

Caveolin-1 (CAV-1) is related to inflammation, oxidative damage, and immunity. In order to obtain a series of dibenzoylmethane halophenols with strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects targeting CAV-1, twenty-nine target compounds were therefore synthesized by Baker-Ventaraman rearrangement and demethylation reaction, starting from the substituted benzoyl chloride and o-hydroxyacetophenone, and their interactions with CAV-1 were investigated by BLI technique. Their in vitro anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties were also evaluated. The results showed that compounds A6, A17, A18, and A29 not only specifically bind to CAV-1, but also present strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. These results suggest that this class of compounds can affect the signaling pathways related to inflammation and oxidative stress by directly acting on CAV-1. In particular, these compounds exhibit the most significantly inhibitory effects on IL-1β and COX-2 release. IL-1β plays a key regulatory role in the development of arthritis. Therefore, it is worth expecting for the application of such compounds in the prevention and treatment of arthritis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906457

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Bushen Huatan prescription on serum lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/ myeloid cell differentiation protein 88 (MyD88)/nuclear transcription factor-<italic>κ</italic>B (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B) signaling pathway in rats with ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis. Method:Sixty SPF 6-month-old female rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, estradiol valerate group and Bushen Huatan prescription low, medium and high dose groups.One week after modeling by bilateral ovariectomy, 8 rats in each group were selected to receive intragastric administration.The estradiol valerate group was given 0.184 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> by gavage, and Bushen Huatan prescription low, middle and high dose groups were given 4.7, 9.4 and 18.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> by gavage, sham operation group and model group were given 0.9% saline 4 mL by gavage respectively.After 12 weeks of intervention, the rats were sacrificed for detection.Serum LPS was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), while protein expressions of TLR4, MyD88 and phosphorylated (p)-NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65 in bone tissue were detected by Western blot, and the mRNA expressions of TLR4, MyD88, NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65, IL-1<italic>β</italic>, and IL-6 in bone tissue were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction(PCR). Result:Compared with sham operation group, the serum LPS level as well as protein expression of TLR4, MyD88, p-NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65 and mRNA expression of TLR4, MyD88, NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65, IL-1<italic>β</italic>, and IL-6 significantly increased in model group(<italic>P</italic><0.05).Compared with the model group, serum LPS level, protein expression of TLR4, MyD88, and p-NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65, mRNA levels of TLR4, MyD88, and NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65 in bone tissues as well as downstream inflammatory factors IL-1<italic>β</italic>, IL-6 mRNA expression decreased to different degrees in estradiol valerate group and Bushen Huatan prescription high dose group(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Bushen Huatan prescription can reduce serum LPS content, regulate mRNA and protein expression of TLR4, MyD88, NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65 and p-NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65 in TLR4/MyD88/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B pathway, and down-regulate mRNA levels of IL-1<italic>β</italic> and IL-6 in bone tissues to improve bone microstructure and inhibit the development of postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP).

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905242

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) on balance, motor and activities of daily living (ADL) for stroke patients. Methods:The randomized controlled trials about the effects of PNF on motor, balance and ADL in stroke patients were retrieved from PubMed, Embase, CNKI, Wanfang data, and VIP, since establishment to December, 2019. The primary outcome measures were Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) and modified Bathel Index (MBI). The secondary outcome measures were Functional Reach Test (FRT), Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS), and Timed 'Up and Go' Test (TUGT). The literatures were independently screened by two investigators, and the quality of the articles was evaluated using the Cochrane Library systematic review criteria, and meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3. Results:A total of 13 articles were included with 786 stroke patients. PNF increased the score of BBS for sequelae patients (MD = 3.31, 95%CI 2.58 to 4.04, P < 0.001), FMA for recovery patients (MD = 8.31, 95%CI 5.68 to 10.97, P < 0.001); as well as MBI score (MD = 6.84, 95%CI 5.20 to 8.48, P < 0.001), FRT distance (MD = 1.11, 95%CI 0.39 to 1.84, P = 0.003) and TIS score (MD = 1.75, 95%CI 1.19 to 2.31, P < 0.001) for all the patients, and decreased TUGT time for sequelae patients (MD = -1.86, 95%CI -2.62 to -1.10, P < 0.001). Conclusion:PNF can significantly improve balance, motor and ADL for stroke patients. The effectiveness is various with the course of disease. More high-quality researches are needed.

17.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 488-494, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923075

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the induction and activation of heparinase by extracellular histones in acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS) induced by chlorine in mice.METHODS: The specific pathogen free adult male C57 BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control group, chlorine injured group, histone injured group, anti-histone antibody group and heparinase inhibitor group, with six mice in each group.The mice in the control group and histone injured group were exposed to clean air, and the mice in the other three groups were exposed to chlorine gas at a dose of 580.0 mg/m~3 for 30 minutes by systemic dynamic inhalation.Mice in the histone injured group were injected with 50 mg/kg body weight calf thymus histone by tail vein.One hour before exposure, mice in the anti-histone antibody group were pretreated with 20 mg/kg body weight anti-histone H4 antibody by tail vein injection, and mice in the heparinase inhibitor group were injected with 2 mg/kg body weight OGT2115(heparinase inhibitor). The other three groups were given equal volume of 0.9% sodium chloride solution by tail vein injection. After 24 hours of exposure, arterial blood was collected for blood gas analysis and the lung tissue was collected for histopathological examination. The protein level of heparinase in lung tissue were detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the activity of heparinase were detected by measuring the product of heparan degradation. The protein expression of pro-heparinase and active heparinase were detected by Western blotting.RESULTS: The dyspnea developed of mice in the chlorine injured group and histone injured group, diffuse inflammation occurred in lung tissue, the oxygenation index in arterial blood decreased(all P<0.05), and the protein level and activity of heparinase in lung tissue, as well as the relative expression of pro-heparinase and active heparinase were increased compared with the control group(all P<0.05). The dyspnea, hypoxemia and acute lung injury of mice in the anti-histone antibody group were alleviated, and the protein level of heparinase in lung tissue, as well as the relative expression levels of pro-heparinase and active heparinase were decreased(all P<0.05), compared with chlorine injury group and histone injury group.The dyspnea, hypoxemia and acute lung injury were alleviated in the heparinase inhibitor group, and the activity of heparinase and the relative expression of pro-heparinase in the lung tissue were decreased compared with the chlorine injury group(all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: During the occurrence and development of chlorine-induced ARDS in mice, extracellular histones aggravate lung injury by inducing the expression and activation of heparinase. Acute lung injury can be alleviated by inhibiting the expression and activation of heparinase.

18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1471-1477, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922281

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the optimal time of monitoring minimal residual disease (MRD) for predicting survival and prognosis in children with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) after treated by CCLG-ALL2008 chemotherapy.@*METHODS@#96 children with T-ALL receiving CCLG-ALL2008 chemotherapy treated in our hospital from January 2015 to January 2020 were retrospectively summarized. The follow-up time was 9.0-65.0 months, with a median of 43.5 months. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to detect the overall event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) of the patients. The clinical data, MRD levels after 15 d, 33 d and 90 d chemotherapy between EFS group and relapse group, as well as OS group and death group were compared by using univariate analysis. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to screen the main risk factors affecting EFS and OS of the patients. The patients were divided into low, moderate and high-risk according to the MRD level after 15 d, 33 d and 90 d, the differences of EFS and OS between each groups were compared again.@*RESULTS@#By the end of follow-up, 50 patients recurred and other 46 patients non-recurred; 40 patients died and 56 patients survived, the EFS was (49.5±6.3)% and OS was (61.5±5.9)%. Univariate analysis showed that the initial WBC count in EFS group (n=46) was significantly lower than that in relapse group (n=50), and MRD levels after 33 d and 90 d were significantly less also (P0.05), however for 90 d, EFS and OS of the patients in high-risk group were significantly lower than those in medium-risk group, and those in medium-risk group were lower than those in low-risk group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The MRD level after 90 days CCLG-ALL2008 chemotherapy may be the best time to predict the survival and prognosis in T-ALL children.


Subject(s)
Child , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , T-Lymphocytes
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922119

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the clinical effectiveness of acupoint application (AP) of Guan Xin Su He Pill (, GXSHP) for patients with chronic stable angina pectoris (CSAP).@*METHODS@#This study was carried out in 3 local hospitals in Chengdu, China. After baseline evaluation, eligible patients were randomly assigned to the placebo application for acupoints (PAA) group or the herbal application for acupoints (HAA) group. Patients in the HAA group underwent AP with herbal powder, which was mainly GXSHP, and patients in the PAA group underwent AP with sham drugs. For each treatment session, unilateral acupoints including Neiguan (PC 6), Danzhong (RN 17), Xinshu (BL 15) and Jueyinshu (BL 14), were stimulated for both groups. AP was performed 3 times a week with a 2-day interval for 4 weeks. The primary outcome was the frequency of angina pectoris attacks per week, while the secondary outcomes included angina pain intensity measured by the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), dose of rescue oral drugs (nitroglycerin), scores on the Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale scores (SAS) and Self-Rating Depression Scale scores (SDS). Clinical outcomes were measured at week 0, 4 and 8. The safety of AP of GXSHP treatment for CSAP were assessed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 121 patients were enrolled. Baseline characteristics were comparable across the 2 groups. After treatment, the angina attack numbers in the HAA group were significantly reduced from 11.00 to 4.81 (P<0.05). While, for PAA group, the angina frequency was not significantly improved (baseline 10.55; post-treatment 11.05). The HAA group had significantly fewer angina attacks than the PAA group (P<0.05). Pain intensity measured by VAS in HAA group was significantly reduced from 4.06 to 3.02 (P<0.05). While, for PAA group, the VAS was significantly increased (baseline 3.62; post-treatment 3.96; P<0.05). Clinical outcomes showed better improvement after treatment in the HAA group than in the PAA group in terms of oral administration of rescue drugs, SAS, SDS and SAQ scores (P<0.05). The adverse events were also reported.@*CONCLUSION@#AP of GXSHP is a safe and effective treatment for CSAP patients (Registration No. NCT02029118).


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Angina, Stable/drug therapy , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Female , Humans , Male , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2196-2204, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921123

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Previous studies have demonstrated different predominant sites of distant metastasis between patients with and without neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT). This study aimed to explore whether NCRT could influence the metastasis pattern of rectal cancer through a propensity score-matched analysis.@*METHODS@#In total, 1296 patients with NCRT or post-operative chemoradiotherapy (PCRT) were enrolled in this study between January 2008 and December 2015. Propensity score matching was used to correct for differences in baseline characteristics between the two groups. After propensity score matching, the metastasis pattern, including metastasis sites and timing, was compared and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#After propensity score matching, there were 408 patients in the PCRT group and 245 patients in the NCRT group. NCRT significantly reduced local recurrence (4.1% vs. 10.3%, P = 0.004), but not distant metastases (28.2% vs. 27.9%, P = 0.924) compared with PCRT. In both the NCRT and PCRT groups, the most common metastasis site was the lung, followed by the liver. The NCRT group developed local recurrence and distant metastases later than the PCRT group (median time: 29.2 [18.8, 52.0] months vs. 18.7 [13.3, 30.0] months, Z = -2.342, P = 0.019; and 21.2 [12.2, 33.8] vs. 16.4 [9.3, 27.9] months, Z = -1.765, P = 0.035, respectively). The distant metastases occurred mainly in the 2nd year after surgery in both the PCRT group (39/114, 34.2%) and NCRT group (21/69, 30.4%). However, 20.3% (14/69) of the distant metastases appeared in the 3rd year in the NCRT group, while this number was only 13.2% (15/114) in the PCRT group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The predominant site of distant metastases was the lung, followed by the liver, for both the NCRT group and PCRT group. NCRT did not influence the predominant site of distant metastases, but the NCRT group developed local recurrence and distant metastases later than the PCRT group. The follow-up strategy for patients with NCRT should be adjusted and a longer intensive follow-up is needed.


Subject(s)
Chemoradiotherapy , Humans , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging , Propensity Score , Rectal Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
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