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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936324

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the volatile constituents and their contents in the roots of 5 cultivated Angelica dahurica and one wild A. dahurica and analyze the chemical relationship among the plants of A. dahurica.@*METHODS@#The essential oil was extracted from the roots of 5 cultivated plants of Angelica dahurica and one wild A. dahurica by water steam distillation. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to separate and identify all the volatile oil components in the extracts, and their relative contents were calculated with area normalization method. We also conducted clustering analysis and principal component analysis of the volatile oil components.@*RESULTS@#We identified a total of 81 compounds from the roots of the 6 plants of Angelica dahurica, including 27 in Chuanbaizhi (Angelica dahurica cv. 'Hangbaizhi'), 34 in Hangbaizhi (Angelica dahurica cv. 'Hangbaizhi'), 24 in Qibaizhi (Angelica dahurica cv. 'Qibaizhi'), 32 in Yubaizhi (Angelica dahurica cv.'Qibaizhi'), 28 in Bobahizhi (Angelica dahurica cv.'Qibaizhi'), and 34 in Xinganbaizhi (Angelica dahuirca). These compounds included, in the order of their relative contents (from high to low), alkanes, olefins, esters, organic acids and alcohols. Among the common components found in the roots of all the plants of A. dahurica, nonylcyclopropane, cyclododecane and hexadecanoic acid were identified as the volatile oil components that showed the highest relative contents. Clustering analysis of the volatile oil components showed that wild Angelica dahurica (Xing'anbaizhi) and the 5 cultivated Angelica dahurica (Chuanbaizhi, Hangbaizhi, Qibaizhi, Yubaizhi, Bobaizhi) could be divided into two groups, and the cultivated Angelica dahurica could be divided into two subgroups: Chuanbaizhi, Yubaizhi and Hangbahizhi were clustered in one subgroup, and Qibaizhi and Bobaizhi in another. The results of principal component analysis was consistent with those of clustering analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#The main volatile oil components and their contents vary among the 6 plants of A. dahurica. Nonylcyclopropane, cyclododecane and hexadecanoic acid are the most abundant volatile oil components in all the plants of A. dahurica, which can be divided into two clusters.


Subject(s)
Angelica/chemistry , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Oils, Volatile/analysis , Palmitic Acid/analysis , Plant Roots/chemistry
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936229

ABSTRACT

Objective: To clarify the chemotactic characteristics of type 2 helper T cells (Th2 cells) and type 2 follicular helper T cells (Tfh2 cells) in peripheral blood of patients with allergic rhinitis (AR), and to explore the associations between the chemokine receptors expression and the levels of antigen-specific IgE (sIgE) and the severity of the disease. Methods: The peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 41 patients with AR (20 males and 21 females, aged 35.0 (24.5, 47.0) years) and 42 healthy controls (24 males and 18 females, aged 35.0 (24.8, 46.5) years) treated in Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology from April 2017 to February 2018 were isolated. The expressions of chemokine receptor (CCR)2, CCR3, CCR4, CCR5, CCR7, CCR8, chemokine C-X3-C-motif receptor 1 (CX3CR1) and C-X-C motif receptor 4 (CXCR4) in Th2 and Tfh2 cells were explored by fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACs). The relationship between the expression of these chemokine receptors in Th2 cells and Tfh2 cells and the levels of serum sIgE and the scores of visual analogue scale (VAS) was analyzed. Graphpad prism 7.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The significant differences in chemotactic characteristics between Th2 cells and Tfh2 cells in the control group were found: Th2 cells highly expressed chemokine receptors CCR2, CCR3, CCR5, CCR8 and CX3CR1, while Tfh2 cells highly expressed immune cell homing chemokine receptors CCR7 and CXCR4. AR patients, compared to the control, expressed higher levels of CCR2, CCR5 and CX3CR1 on peripheral Th2 cells(all P<0.01). At the same time, the proportion of CCR2+and CCR5+Th2 cells was positively correlated with VAS score (r value was 0.58 and 0.61, respectively, both P<0.01). In AR patients, higher expression levels of CCR7 on Tfh2 cells were detected (P<0.01), and the proportion of CCR7+Tfh2 cells was positively correlated with the level of serum sIgE (r=0.51, P<0.01). Conclusion: The percentage of CCR2+ and CCR5+ Th2 cells in peripheral of AR patients can reflect the severity of AR to some extent, while the percentage of CCR7+ Tfh2 cells is positively correlated with the level of serum sIgE.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Male , Middle Aged , Rhinitis, Allergic/metabolism , Severity of Illness Index , Th2 Cells
3.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 29-37, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935969

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the application effects of bundle nursing of citric acid extracorporeal anticoagulation on continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) of severe burn patients. Methods: A non-randomized controlled study was conducted. Forty-six patients who met the inclusion criteria and received regular nursing of citric acid extracorporeal anticoagulation during CRRT in the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (the Third Military Medical University) from January to December 2017 were included in regular nursing group (30 males and 16 females, aged 42.0 (38.7,47.0) years, with 201 times of CRRT performed), and 48 patients who met the inclusion criteria and received bundle nursing of citric acid extracorporeal anticoagulation during CRRT in the same hospital from January to December 2018 were included in bundle nursing group (32 males and 16 females, aged 41.0 (36.0,46.0) years, with 164 times of CRRT performed). The clinical data of all the patients in the two groups were recorded, including the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, total cost of treatment in ICU, cost of CRRT, unplanned ending of treatment, ending of treatment due to operation (with the rates of unplanned ending of treatment and ending of treatment due to operation calculated), times of disposable hemodialysis filter and supporting pipeline filter (hereinafter referred to as filter) with use time>24 h, times of CRRT, and lifetime of filter. For the patients in both groups who continuously received CRRT for 3 days or more from the first treatment, the prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), international normalized ratio (INR), total calcium, ionic calcium (with the difference of total calcium or ionic calcium between before and after treatment calculated), creatinine, urea, β2 microglobulin, cystatin C, platelet count, mean arterial pressure, pH value, oxygenation index, bicarbonate radical, and lactic acid levels before the first treatment (hereinafter referred to as before treatment) and 3 days after the first treatment (hereinafter referred to as after 3 days of treatment). The treatment-related complications of all patients in the two groups were recorded during hospitalization. Data were statistically analyzed with independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test, and chi-square test. Results: Compared with those in regular nursing group, the length of ICU stay was significantly shortened (Z=-4.71, P<0.01), the total cost of treatment in ICU was significantly reduced (t=-1.39, P<0.01), the cost of CRRT had no significant change (P>0.05), the rates of unplanned ending of treatment and ending of treatment due to operation were both significantly decreased (with χ2 values of 12.20 and 17.83, respectively, P<0.01), the times of filter service time>24 h was increased significantly (Z=-5.93, P<0.01), the times of CRRT were significantly reduced (Z=-4.75, P<0.01), and the filter service life was significantly prolonged (Z=-9.24, P<0.01) among patients in bundle nursing group. Thirty-one patients in bundle nursing group and 28 patients in regular nursing group continuously received CRRT for 3 days or more from the first treatment. Before treatment, PT, APTT, and INR of patients in bundle nursing group were 24.10 (16.08, 39.20) s, 38.81 (32.32, 45.50) s, and 1.17 (1.12, 1.19), respectively, similar to 31.75 (22.99, 40.96) s, 41.82 (35.05, 48.06) s, and 1.15 (1.11, 1.19) of patients in regular nursing group (P>0.05); the levels of total calcium and ionic calcium of patients in the two groups were similar (P>0.05). After 3 days of treatment, PT, APTT, and INR of patients in bundle nursing group and regular nursing group were 29.06 (20.11, 39.46) s, 35.25 (30.06, 40.28) s, 1.13 (1.09, 1.17) and 36.51 (26.64, 42.92) s, 39.89 (34.81, 46.62) s, 1.14 (1.10, 1.18), respectively, similar to those before treatment (P>0.05); the level of ionic calcium of patients in regular nursing group was significantly higher than that before treatment (Z=-2.08, P<0.05); the levels of total calcium and ionic calcium of patients in bundle nursing group were both significantly higher than those before treatment (with Z values of -3.55 and -3.69, respectively, P<0.01); compared with those in regular nursing group, APTT of patients was significantly shorter (Z=-2.29, P<0.05), while the total calcium level of patients was significantly higher in bundle nursing group (Z=-2.26, P<0.05). The difference of total calcium between before and after treatment of patients in bundle nursing group was significantly higher than that in regular nursing group (Z=-3.15, P<0.01). The differences of ionic calcium between before and after treatment of patients in the two groups were similar (P>0.05). Before treatment, the level of β2 microglobulin of patients in bundle nursing group was significantly higher than that in regular nursing group (Z=-2.84, P<0.01), the platelet count of patients in bundle nursing group was significantly lower than that in regular nursing group (Z=-2.44, P<0.05), while the levels of creatinine, urea, cystatin C, mean arterial pressure, pH value, oxygenation index, bicarbonate radical, and lactic acid of patients in the two groups were similar (P>0.05). After 3 days of treatment, the levels of creatinine, urea, β2 microglobulin, cystatin C, pH value, bicarbonate radical, and lactic acid of patients were all significantly lower than those before treatment (with Z values of -2.10, -2.90, -3.11, -2.02, -2.34, -2.63, and -2.84, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01), while the levels of platelet count, oxygenation index, and mean arterial pressure of patients were all significantly higher than those before treatment in bundle nursing group (with Z values of -6.65 and -2.40, respectively, t=-9.97, P<0.05 or P<0.01); the levels of creatinine, urea, β2 microglobulin, cystatin C, platelet count, pH value, bicarbonate radical, and lactic acid of patients were all significantly lower than those before treatment (with Z values of -5.32, -2.31, -2.41, -2.21, -3.68, -2.93, -2.20, and -2.31, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01), while the oxygenation index and mean arterial pressure of patients were both significantly higher than those before treatment in regular nursing group (Z=-5.59, t=-7.74, P<0.01). After 3 days of treatment, compared with those in regular nursing group, the levels of creatinine, cystatin C, platelet count, oxygenation index, bicarbonate radical, and mean arterial pressure of patients were all significantly higher (with Z values of -2.93, -1.99, -6.39, -2.09, and -2.52, respectively, t=-3.28, P<0.05 or P<0.01), while the levels of urea, β2 microglobulin, pH value, and lactic acid of patients were all significantly lower (with Z values of -3.87, -2.58, -4.24, and -2.75, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01) in bundle nursing group. During hospitalization, there were no treatment-related bleeding events or hypernatremia related to citric acid treatment of patients in the two groups. The ratio of total calcium to ionic calcium in one patient in bundle nursing group was >2.5, but there was no manifestation of citric acid accumulation poisoning; 1 patient had hypoionic calcemia, and 1 patient had severe metabolic alkalosis. Five patients had hypoionic calcemia and 2 patients had severe metabolic alkalosis in regular nursing group. Conclusions: The implementation of bundle nursing of citric acid extracorporeal anticoagulation during CRRT for severe burn patients shortens the length of ICU stay, reduces the total cost of treatment in ICU and the occurrence of treatment-related complications, relieves the economic burden of patients, and improves the continuity and quality of treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anticoagulants , Burns/therapy , Citric Acid , Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy , Female , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934315

ABSTRACT

Cancer immunotherapy refers to the therapeutic effect of controlling or eliminating tumor cells by interfering with the immune system to restore the anti-tumor immune response. Immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy that blocks programmed death -1/programmed cell death ligand-1/cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 is one of the most commonly used tumor immunotherapies, with good efficacy and wide application. These drugs cause immune-related ocular complications such as uveitis, autoimmune retinopathy, and scleritis, which represent a new etiology of ocular inflammation. The ophthalmologist's grasp of the clinical characteristics of these diseases is helpful for timely diagnosis. At the same time, the ophthalmologist will work closely with the oncologist to make a comprehensive judgment based on the patient's primary tumor, survival prognosis, severity of adverse reactions related to ocular immunotherapy, and visual prognosis, and develop suitable therapeutic strategie, thereby saving the patients' vision and improving the quality of life.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933672

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the safety and advantages of non-cryopreserved sibling umbilical cord blood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for major thalassaemia in children.Methods:From October 2016 to June 2021, 9 patients with major beta thalassaemia received non-cryopreserved hematopoietic stem cell transplantation of sibling umbilical cord blood at Zhongshan Hospital of Xiamen University. The pretreatment scheme, the process of stem cell implantation and follow-up were analyzed and summarized.Results:Among the 9 cases, there were 5 males and 4 females with a median age of 4(2~11)years. Median level of ferritin was 2 997(1 936~5 512)μg/L. At gestational weeks 12~16, each patient's mother underwent villi testing to confirm that the donor without thalassaemia major was complete HLA-matched with the patient. All of them received an intensive conditioning regimen made up of cyclophosphamide(CTX), fludarabine and busulfan(Bu). Graft-versus-host disease(GVHD) was prevented by cyclosporine A(CSA)and mycophenolate mofetil(MMF)with or without methotrexate(MTX). Except for one failed implant, 8 cases were successfully engrafted. Median time of neutrophil implantation was 19.5(15~26)days, median time of platelet implantation 32(22~34)days and median time of erythrocyte implantation 30.5(18~37)days. Up until September 1, 2021, the median follow-up period was 27(3~59)months and the rate of successful engraftment 88.89%. There was no transplant-related mortality. Overall survival was 100% and thalassaemia-free survival 88.89%. Two patients developed grades Ⅱ skin acute GVHD(22.2%). No grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ GVHD or chronic GVHD occurred. Epstein-Barr virus infection occurred in 1 case.No infection of cytomegalovirus occurred.Conclusions:For major thalassaemia in children, stem cell transplantation of non-cryopreserved sibling cord blood is both safe and feasible with a high implantation rate and a low incidence of GVHD.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930323

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of mammary analogue secretary carcinoma of salivary gland (MASC) .Methods:From Jan. 2018 to Jan. 2021, 28 cases of salivary gland MASC were collected in Ningbo Diagnostic Pathology Center, and 10 cases of acinar cell carcinoma and 10 cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma were selected as controls. Immunohistochemical envision method was used to detect the expression of S-100,, DOG-1, CD117, SOX-10, Mammaglobin and Vimentin, and fluorescence in situ hybridization was used to detect the fusion gene of ETV6-NTRK3.Results:The S-100 protein, SOX-10 and Vimentin of MASC of salivary gland were diffusingly positive (28/28) , Mammaglobin (22/28) and CD117 (19/28) were partially positive, and DOG-1 was negative. ETV6-NTRK3 fusion transcription was successfully detected in 26 of 28 salivary gland MASC cases, of which 23 were positive and 3 were negative.Conclusions:Salivary gland MASC is a low-grade malignant epithelium tumor. Comprehensive detection of the expression levels of S-100 protein, SOX-10, DOG-1, Mammaglobin and CD117 is of great value for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of MASC. FISH detection of ETV6-NTRK3 gene fusion has important reference value for definite diagnosis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 376-382, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929571

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of CD33-targeted bi-specific and tri-specific T-cell engagers on T-cell proliferation and explore their cytotoxicity on leukemia cells. Methods: The CD33-targeted bi-specific T-cell engager (CD33-BiTE) and tri-specific T-cell engager (CD33-TriTE) expression vectors were successfully constructed and expressed through a eukaryotic cell expression system. CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE were purified by affinity chromatography. The effects of CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE on T cells were analyzed through in vitro experiments. Results: ① CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE were successfully constructed and purified and could compete with flow cytometry antibodies for binding to the target cells. ② After 12 days of co-culture with CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE, the number of human T cells were expanded to 33.89±19.46 and 81.56±23.62 folds, respectively. CD33-TriTE induced a stronger proliferation of T cells than CD33-BiTE (P<0.05) . ③ Both CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE induced specific dose-dependent cytotoxicity on CD33(+) leukemia cells. ④ Compared to CD33-TriTE, leukemia cells were prone to express PD-L1 when co-cultured with T cells and CD33-BiTE. CD33-TriTE induced powerful cytotoxicity on leukemia cells with high PD-L1 expression. Conclusion: CD33-BiTE and CD33-TriTE expression vectors were constructed, and fusion proteins were expressed in eukaryotic cells. Our results support the proliferative and activating effects of BiTE and TriTE on T cells. Compared to that of CD33-BiTE, CD33-TriTE induced a stronger proliferative effect on T cells and a more powerful cytotoxicity on leukemia cells with high PD-L1 expression.


Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen/pharmacology , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/metabolism , Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3/pharmacology , T-Lymphocytes
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941010

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the protective effect of excretory-secretory proteins from Trichinella spiralis muscle larvae (Ts-MES) on sepsis-induced myocardial injury in mice.@*METHODS@#Eighty male BALB/C mice were randomized equally into sham-operated group, myocardial injury group, Ts-MES treatment group and dexamethasone treatment group. In the latter 3 groups, sepsis-induced myocardial injury models were established by cecal ligation and perforation; the sham operation was performed by exposure of the cecum without ligation or perforation. Forty minutes after the operation, the mice were given intraperitoneal injections 150 μL PBS, 20 μg TS-MES or 0.3 mg/kg dexamethasone as indicated. At 12 h after the operation, 6 mice were randomly selected from each group for echocardiography, and 8 mice were used for observing the survival rate within 72 h. The remaining 6 mice were examined for myocardial pathologies with HE staining and serum levels of NTPro-BNP and cTnI with ELISA; the expressions of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10 and TGF-β in the serum and myocardial tissue were detected using ELISA and qRT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operated mice, the septic mice showed significantly decreased cardiac function indexes (LVEF, LVFS, and E/A) with lowered survival rate within 72 h (P < 0.001) and significantly higher myocardial injury scores and serum levels of NTPro-BNP and cTnI (P < 0.01). Treatment with TS-MES significantly improved the cardiac function and 72-h survival rate (P < 0.05) and lowered the myocardial injury scores and serum levels of NTPro-BNP and cTnI (P < 0.05) in the septic mice. Compared with the sham-operated mice, the septic mice had obviously increased TNF-α and IL-6 levels in the serum and myocardial tissue (P < 0.001), which were significantly lowered by treatment with TS-MES (P < 0.05). TS-MES and dexamethasone both increased the levels of IL-10 and TGF-β in the septic mice, but the changes were significant only in TS-MES-treated mice (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Ts-MES are capable of protecting against myocardial injury in septic mice by reducing the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and enhancing the levels of regulatory cytokines.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines , Dexamethasone , Heart Injuries , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-6 , Larva , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Myocardium , Sepsis , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Trichinella spiralis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940306

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo preliminarily predict the active components, action targets, and signaling pathways of Arnebia euchroma in the treatment of melanoma based on network pharmacology and molecular docking, and to verify its possible mechanism of action in in vitro experiments. MethodThe active components and related targets of A. euchroma were retrieved from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP)SwissTargetPrediction and literature, and the targets related to melanoma from the GeneCards, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), and Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD). Following the construction of the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of active components and related targets of A. euchroma and melanoma-related targets using STRING, Cytoscape 3.8.2 was used for screening and analyzing the nodes in the network of A. euchroma against melanoma. The intersections were subjected to gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis using DAVID 6.8. Acetyl alkannin, the active component in A. euchroma, was docked to the target by AutoDock Vina 1.1.2. The in vitro experiments were then carried out to verify the anti-melanoma effect of A. euchroma. ResultA total of 271 common targets of A. euchroma and melanoma were harvested, among which 23 were key targets, including matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and Janus kinase 2 (JAK2). As revealed by KEGG enrichment analysis, A. euchroma mainly acted on Janus kinase/signal transduction and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT), tyrosine kinase receptor (ErbB), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathways to resist melanoma. According to molecular docking, acetyl alkannin exhibited a good docking activity with JAK2, STAT3, VEGF, MMP-9, and E-cadherin receptors. The results of Western blot and Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) showed that acetyl alkannin at different doses inhibited the protein and gene expression of JAK2, STAT3, VEGF, MMP-9, and E-cadherin in A375 cells (P<0.05). ConclusionA. euchroma alleviates melanoma via multiple targets and multiple pathways, and it may exert the therapeutic effects by affecting the expression of such key target proteins as JAK2, STAT3, VEGF, MMP-9, and E-cadherin and inhibiting the invasion and metastasis of melanoma cells. This study has provided an experimental basis for the treatment of tumor with A. euchroma.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939535

ABSTRACT

Acupuncture regulating gastrointestinal motility has the characteristics of bidirectional benign regulation, acupoint specificity and immediacy. And its regulation is mainly achieved through the "neuro-endocrine-immune" network system. Acupuncture at Neiguan (PC 6) and Hegu (LI 4) to inhibit intestinal peristalsis may have good application value in colonoscopy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Colonoscopy , Gastrointestinal Motility , Peristalsis
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928578

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the incidence of extrauterine growth retardation (EUGR) and its risk factors in very preterm infants (VPIs) during hospitalization in China.@*METHODS@#A prospective multicenter study was performed on the medical data of 2 514 VPIs who were hospitalized in the department of neonatology in 28 hospitals from 7 areas of China between September 2019 and December 2020. According to the presence or absence of EUGR based on the evaluation of body weight at the corrected gestational age of 36 weeks or at discharge, the VPIs were classified to two groups: EUGR group (n=1 189) and non-EUGR (n=1 325). The clinical features were compared between the two groups, and the incidence of EUGR and risk factors for EUGR were examined.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of EUGR was 47.30% (1 189/2 514) evaluated by weight. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that higher weight growth velocity after regaining birth weight and higher cumulative calorie intake during the first week of hospitalization were protective factors against EUGR (P<0.05), while small-for-gestational-age birth, prolonged time to the initiation of total enteral feeding, prolonged cumulative fasting time, lower breast milk intake before starting human milk fortifiers, prolonged time to the initiation of full fortified feeding, and moderate-to-severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia were risk factors for EUGR (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#It is crucial to reduce the incidence of EUGR by achieving total enteral feeding as early as possible, strengthening breastfeeding, increasing calorie intake in the first week after birth, improving the velocity of weight gain, and preventing moderate-severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia in VPIs.


Subject(s)
Female , Fetal Growth Retardation , Gestational Age , Hospitalization , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928563

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical treatment outcomes and the changes of the outcomes over time in extremely preterm twins in Guangdong Province, China.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for 269 pairs of extremely preterm twins with a gestational age of <28 weeks who were admitted to the department of neonatology in 26 grade A tertiary hospitals in Guangdong Province from January 2008 to December 2017. According to the admission time, they were divided into two groups: 2008-2012 and 2013-2017. Besides, each pair of twins was divided into the heavier infant and the lighter infant subgroups according to birth weight. The perinatal data of mothers and hospitalization data of neonates were collected. The survival rate of twins and the incidence rate of complications were compared between the 2008-2012 and 2013-2017 groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the 2008-2012 group, the 2013-2017 group (both the heavier infant and lighter infant subgroups) had lower incidence rates of severe asphyxia and smaller head circumference at birth (P<0.05). The mortality rates of both of the twins, the heavier infant of the twins, and the lighter infant of the twins were lower in the 2013-2017 group compared with the 2008-2012 group (P<0.05). Compared with the 2008-2012 group, the 2013-2017 group (both the heavier infant and lighter infant subgroups) had lower incidence rates of pulmonary hemorrhage, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (P-IVH), and neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) and a higher incidence rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a significant increase in the survival rate over time in extremely preterm twins with a gestational age of <28 weeks in the 26 grade A tertiary hospitals in Guangdong Province. The incidences of severe asphyxia, pulmonary hemorrhage, PDA, P-IVH, and NRDS decrease in both the heavier and lighter infants of the twins, but the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia increases. With the improvement of diagnosis and treatment, the multidisciplinary collaboration between different fields of fetal medicine including prenatal diagnosis, obstetrics, and neonatology is needed in the future to jointly develop management strategies for twin pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/epidemiology , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928157

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the effect of icariin(ICA) on mitochondrial dynamics in a rat model of chronic renal failure(CRF) and to investigate the molecular mechanism of ICA against renal interstitial fibrosis(RIF). CRF was induced in male Sprague-Dawley(SD) rats with 5/6(ablation and infarction, A/I) surgery(right kidney ablation and 2/3 infarction of the left kidney). Four weeks after surgery, the model rats were randomized into the following groups: 5/6(A/I) group, 5/6(A/I)+low-dose ICA group, and 5/6(A/I)+high-dose ICA group. Another 12 rats that received sham operation were randomly classified into 2 groups: sham group and sham+ICAH group. Eight weeks after treatment, the expression of collagen-Ⅰ(Col-Ⅰ), collagen-Ⅲ(Col-Ⅲ), mitochondrial dynamics-related proteins(p-Drp1 S616, p-Drp1 S637, Mfn1, Mfn2), and mitochondrial function-related proteins(TFAM, ATP6) in the remnant kidney tissues was detected by Western blot. The expression of α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA) was examined by immunohistochemical(IHC) staining. The NRK-52 E cells, a rat proximal renal tubular epithelial cell line, were cultured in vitro and treated with ICA of different concentration. Cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay. In NRK-52 E cells stimulated with 20 ng·mL~(-1) TGF-β1 for 24 h, the effect of ICA on fibronectin(Fn), connective tissue growth factor(CTGF), p-Drp1 S616, p-Drp1 S637, Mfn1, Mfn2, TFAM, and ATP6 was detected by Western blot, and the ATP content and the mitochondrial morphology were determined. The 20 ng·mL~(-1) TGF-β1-stimulated NRK-52 E cells were treated with or without 5 μmol·L~(-1) ICA+10 μmol·L~(-1) mitochondrial fusion promoter M1(MFP-M1) for 24 h and the expression of fibrosis markers Fn and CTGF was detected by Western blot. Western blot result showed that the levels of Col-Ⅰ, Col-Ⅲ, and p-Drp1 S616 were increased and the levels of p-Drp1 S637, Mfn1, Mfn2, TFAM, and ATP6 were decreased in 5/6(A/I) group compared with those in the sham group. The levels of Col-Ⅰ, Col-Ⅲ, and p-Drp1 S616 were significantly lower and the levels of p-Drp1 S637, Mfn1, Mfn2, TFAM, and ATP6 were significantly higher in ICA groups than that in 5/6(A/I) group. IHC staining demonstrated that for the expression of α-SMA in the renal interstitium was higher in the 5/6(A/I) group than in the sham group and that the expression in the ICA groups was significantly lower than that in the 5/6(A/I) group. Furthermore, the improvement in the fibrosis, mitochondrial dynamics, and mitochondrial function were particularly prominent in rats receiving the high dose of ICA. The in vitro experiment revealed that ICA dose-dependently inhibited the increase of Fn, CTGF, and p-Drp1 S616, increased p-Drp1 S637, Mfn1, Mfn2, TFAM, and ATP6, elevated ATP content, and improved mitochondrial morphology of NRK-52 E cells stimulated by TGF-β1. ICA combined with MFP-M1 further down-regulated the expression of Fn and CTGF in NRK-52 E cells stimulated by TGF-β1 compared with ICA alone. In conclusion, ICA attenuated RIF of CRF by improving mitochondrial dynamics.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphate/pharmacology , Animals , Female , Fibrosis , Flavonoids , Humans , Infarction/pathology , Kidney , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Male , Mitochondrial Dynamics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928152

ABSTRACT

Based on the combination of ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF) and Waters UNIFI software, the chemical constituents of the classic prescription Xiaochengqi Decoction were qualitatively analyzed and identified. The UPLC conditions are as follows: Acquity HSS T3 reverse phase column(2.1 mm ×100 mm, 1.8 μm), column temperature of 30 ℃, mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution(A)-acetonitrile(B), and flow rate of 0.3 mL·min~(-1). High-resolution MS data of Xiaochengqi Decoction were collected in ESI~(+/-) modes by Fast DDA. The structures of the chemical constituents were tentatively characterized or identified by UNIFI software according to the retention time of reference standards and characteristic fragment ions in MS profile, and literature data. A total of 233 components in Xiaochengqi Decoction were identified, with 93 from wine-processed Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, 104 from bran-processed Aurantii Fructus Immaturus, and 36 from ginger-processed Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex. These 233 components included anthraquinones, flavonoids, lignans, alkaloids, coumarins, and phenylethanoid glycosides. The result provided experimental evidence for the further study on establishment of quality standard and product development of the formula.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , DDT/analogs & derivatives , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Rhizome/chemistry , Software
15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 541-548, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922848

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the effect and mechanism of curcumin on inhibiting choroidal neovascularization(CNV)<i>in vitro</i>. METHODS: Human retinal pigment epithelial(ARPE-19)cells chemical hypoxia model was established by cobalt chloride(CoCl2). CCK-8 method was used to detect the effect of curcumin on the activity of ARPE-19 cells induced by CoCl2. RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of AKT, HIF-1α, VEGF mRNA and protein in ARPE-19 cells hypoxia model induced by CoCl2. Cell scratch test, transwell chamber migration test, transwell chamber invasion test and matrigel matrix hose lumen formation test were used to observe the effects of conditioned medium of curcumin in ARPE-19 cells on the proliferation, migration, invasion and lumen formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVEC)in non-contact condition. RESULTS:Chemical hypoxia model of ARPE-19 cells can successfully establish by CoCl2 at 100μmol/L. CoCl2 at the final concentration of 100μmol/L can promote the expression of AKT, HIF-1α and VEGF mRNA and p-AKT, HIF-1α and VEGF protein in ARPE-19 cells. Curcumin at the final concentration of 100μmol/L can reduce the expression of AKT, HIF-1α and VEGF mRNA in ARPE-19 hypoxia model. Curcumin at the final concentration of 100μmol/L can reduce the expression of AKT, HIF -1α and VEGF proteins in ARPE-19 hypoxia model. The conditioned medium of low(6.25μmol/L), medium(25μmol/L)and high dose(100μmol/L)curcumin in ARPE-19 cells can significantly inhibit the level migration of HUVEC. The conditioned medium in high dose group can significantly inhibit the vertical migration and cell invasion of HUVEC. The conditioned medium of middle and high dose curcumin in ARPE-19 cells can inhibit the lumen formation of HUVEC. CONCLUSION:Curcumin at 100μmol/L can protect ARPE-19 cells from hypoxia induced by CoCl2. Curcumin can inhibit the formation of blood vessels at the cellular level.

16.
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 35: e35115, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404797

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Children and adolescents with spastic quadriparesis have a worse selective motor control, and studies with this population are still very scarce. The same is true with scientific evidence of one of the methods most used as a physiotherapeutic treatment in this population, the Bobath Concept. Objective: To evaluate spine erector muscles activation, gluteus medius and gluteus maximus, through the handling of the Bobath Concept and the sustained kneeling posture in subjects with a diagnosis of severe cerebral palsy; and to compare muscle activation with a reference group, in order to increase the reliability of this study. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 38 children and adolescents with cerebral palsy, classified by GMFCS at levels IV and V, and 20 healthy participants, aged between 3 and 18 years. They were submitted to the handling of the Bobath Concept and to the sustained kneeling posture, with muscle activation obtained by electromyography. Results: We observed significant muscle activation during handling in side-sitting, with weight transfer and without the help of another therapist, and in the sustained kneeling posture, for the erector of the spine and gluteus medius. Conclusion: The evidence from this study suggests that both the handling in side-sitting and the sustained kneeling posture cause significant muscle activation in the erector of the spine and gluteus medius for severe quadriparesis subjects, GMFCS IV and V, which can contribute to the improvement of postural control and decision-making in physical therapy practice.


Resumo Introdução: Crianças e adolescentes com quadriparesia espástica apresentam pior controle motor seletivo e estudos com essa população ainda são muito escassos. O mesmo ocorre com as evidências científicas de um dos métodos mais utilizados como tratamento fisioterapêutico nessa população, o Conceito Bobath. Objetivo: Avaliar a ativação dos músculos eretores da coluna, glúteo médio e glúteo máximo por meio do manuseio do Conceito Bobath e da postura ajoelhada sustentada, em indivíduos com diagnóstico de paralisia cerebral grave; e comparar a ativação muscular com um grupo de referência, a fim de aumentar a confiabilidade deste estudo. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo transversal com 38 crianças e adolescentes com paralisia cerebral, classificados pelo GMFCS nos níveis IV e V, e 20 participantes saudáveis com idade entre 3 e 18 anos. Eles foram submetidos ao manuseio do Conceito Bobath e à postura ajoelhada sustentada, com ativação muscular obtida por eletromiografia. Resultados: Observou-se ativação muscular significativa durante o manuseio na posição sentada de lado, com transferência de peso e sem auxílio de outro terapeuta, e na postura ajoelhada sustentada para o eretor da coluna e glúteo médio. Conclusão: As evidências deste estudo sugerem que tanto o manuseio na posição sentada de lado quanto a sustentação da postura ajoelhada causam significativa ativação muscular no eretor da coluna e glúteo médio para indivíduos com quadriparesia grave, GMFCS IV e V, o que pode contribuir para a melhora do controle postural e tomada de decisão na prática fisioterapêutica.

17.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 809-812, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909623

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and influencing factors of microwave ablation (MVA) in the treatment of benign thyroid nodules.Methods:The clinical data of ultrasound-guided microwave ablation for thyroid benign nodules in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from April 2017 to April 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. At 1, 3 and 6 months after operation, conventional ultrasound examination was performed to calculate the volume reduction rate of the nodules. The nodules were divided into groups according to gender, age, nodule blood supply, nodule size, nodule nature and Hashimoto′s thyroiditis background, and the related factors influencing microwave ablation were analyzed.Results:68 patients (106 nodules) with benign thyroid nodules were treated with microwave ablation. The volume of benign thyroid nodules after the MWA treatment was significantly reduced after 1, 3, 6 months, and their nodule volume reduction ratio (VRR) were (39.7±6.1)% (1 months), (56.2±5.9)% (3 months), (70.3±5.4)% (6 months), respectively. There were significant differences in the volume reduction ratio of nodules at 1, 3 and 6 months after operation among different nodule size, nodule nature and Hashimoto′s thyroiditis background, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the reduction ratio of nodules in different gender, age and nodule blood supply at 1, 3 and 6 months after operation ( P>0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that VRR was negatively correlated with ablation time per unit volume, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis indicated that only nodule nature and ablation time per unit volume entered the regression equation. Conclusions:The size and nature of the nodules, Hashimoto′s thyroiditis background and ablation time per unit volume will affect the postoperative volume reduction rate.

18.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 529-534, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909353

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of noise, bright light and mechanical stimulation on sleep, blood-brain barrier and cognitive function in septic rats.Methods:Forty male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were selected and intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg/kg lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to establish sepsis model. 0, 30, 45, 60, 75 dB noise stimulation or 0, 50, 100, 200, 400 Lux light stimulation were given to rats (all n = 4). The serum levels of cortisol and melatonin, and the cerebral content of Evans blue (EB) were measured 96 hours after the stimulation to determine the optimal intensity of intervention. The other 40 SD rats were randomly divided into control group (Con group), LPS group, noise intervention group (LPS+60 dB group), 200 Lux light intervention group (LPS+200 Lux group) and mechanical stimulation group (LPS+MS group), with 8 rats in each group. The open fields test and fear conditioning test were used to evaluate the exploratory behavior and cognitive function 96 hours after corresponding stimulation. The enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect cerebral level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and serum levels of cortisol and melatonin. The blood-brain barrier integrity was assessed by EB staining. The protein levels of ZO-1, Claudin-5 and caspase-3 in the hippocampus were detected by Western blotting to assess the blood-brain barrier integrity and neuronal apoptosis. Results:Compared with 0 dB group or 0 Lux group, the serum melatonin concentration in 60 dB group and 200 Lux group were significantly reduced, while the serum cortisol concentration and cerebral EB content were significantly increased. Therefore, 60 dB noise and 200 Lux light were selected in the subsequent experiments. Compared with Con group, the horizontal score and vertical score in the open field test in LPS group were significantly decreased. There were no significant differences in the proportion of freezing time, the cerebral contents of EB and IL-6, the serum levels of melatonin and cortisol, and the hippocampal expressions of ZO-1, Claudin-5 and caspase-3. Compared with LPS group, the horizontal score, vertical score and the percentage of freezing time in LPS+60 dB group, LPS+200 Lux group and LPS+MS group were significantly reduced [horizontal score: 73.8±9.7, 80.3±9.4, 64.5±8.3 vs. 103.6±15.5; vertical score: 9.4±1.7, 11.2±1.9, 6.8±0.9 vs. 15.9±2.8; the percentage of freezing time: (45.3±4.7)%, (53.3±5.8)%, (42.1±5.1)% vs. (66.1±6.3)%], the serum level of melatonin was significantly decreased (ng/L: 53.62±6.20, 44.25±6.41, 45.33±5.84 vs. 74.39±7.54), the serum level of cortisol was significantly increased (nmol/L: 818.34±95.53, 710.04±65.41, 989.73±91.63 vs. 398.82±72.59), the levels of EB, IL-6 in the brain tissue were significantly increased [EB (μg/g): 2.80±0.35, 2.38±0.31, 3.24±0.42 vs. 1.59±0.26; IL-6 (ng/g): 31.56±4.11, 26.69±3.75, 37.47±4.56 vs. 16.28±2.69], the expressions of ZO-1 and Claudin-5 were significantly decreased (ZO-1/β-actin: 0.37±0.04, 0.32±0.05, 0.24±0.04 vs. 0.80±0.09; Claudin-5/β-actin: 0.62±0.08, 0.47±0.06, 0.35±0.05 vs. 0.97±0.20), and the expression of cleaved caspase-3 was significantly increased (caspase-3/β-actin: 0.56±0.06, 0.39±0.04, 0.72±0.12 vs. 0.20±0.03), with statistically significant differences (all P < 0.05). Conclusion:60 dB noise, 200 Lux light or mechanical stimulation for 96 hours could inhibit the secretion of serum melatonin, promote the secretion of cortisol, and activate neuroinflammation in septic rats, and lead to neuronal apoptosis in hippocampus and hyper-permeability of blood-brain barrier, which in turn could cause sleep disturbance and cognitive impairment.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882035

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prognosis of two rare imported patients with human African trypanosomias (HAT) after treatment in a follow-up study, and to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy, so as to provide insights into the treatment of imported HAT patients. Methods The white blood cells in cerebrospinal fluid samples and the trypomastigotes in cerebrospinal fluid and blood samples were monitored in an imported case with Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense infection 1, 3, 11 and 25 months post-treatment and in an imported case with T. brucei gambiense infection 1, 3, 8 and 12 months post-treatment to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and prognosis. Results There were 1, 1, 4 and 2 white blood cells in per μL of cerebrospinal fluid in the case with T. brucei rhodesiense infection 1, 3, 11 and 25 months post-treatment, and there were 3, 6, 4 and 3 white blood cells in per μL of cerebrospinal fluid in the case with T. brucei gambiense infection 1, 3, 8 and 12 months post-treatment. In addition, no trypomastigotes were identified in the cerebrospinal fluid or blood samples of either case with T. brucei rhodesiense or T. brucei gambiense infection. Conclusion Following standardized treatment, two imported cases with human African trypanosomiasis cases recover satisfactorily, without any signs of relapse.

20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 725-728, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875655

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effects o f CYP2C9*3 gene polymorphism on therapeutic efficacy of benzbromarone in lowering uric acid and its hepatotoxicity. METHODS :A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the relevant clinical indicators and genotypes of 196 gout patients who received benzbromarone and CYP2C9*3 gene polymorphism test in Wuhan third hospital from Jan. 2018 to Sept. 2019. RESULTS :Among 196 patients,179,15 and 2 patients with CYP2C9*3 genotypes * 1/*1, *1/*3 and * 3/*3 genotypes were found ,respectively,and the distribution of each genotype was in line with Hardy-Weinberg balance(P>0.05). Before treatment ,there were no significant differences in the levels of UA ,Scr,ALT,AST and CRP between *1/*1 genotype and * 1/*3+*3/*3 genotype(P>0.05). After 4 weeks of treatment ,the UA ,Scr,CRP levels of patients with * 1/*1 genotype as well as the UA and CRP levels of patients with * 1/*3+*3/*3 genotype were significantly reduced ,the UA level of patients with * 1/*1 genotype was significantly lower than that of patients with * 1/*3+*3/*3 genotype(P<0.05 or P<0.01). The ALT and AST levels had no obvious changes in patients with different genotype before and after treatment ,and they were in the normal range. No serious abnormal liver function was observed during the treatment. CONCLUSIONS :Therapeutic efficacy of benzbromarone in lowering uric acid in gout patients with CYP2C9*3 genotypes * 1/*1 genotype is better than that of * 1/*3 and * 3/*3 genotypes. However ,the gene polymorphism may be not associated with its hepatotoxicity.

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