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1.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 67-72, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928515

ABSTRACT

Acephalic spermatozoa syndrome is a rare type of teratozoospermia that severely impairs the reproductive ability of male patients, and genetic defects have been recognized as the main cause of acephalic spermatozoa syndrome. Spermatogenesis and centriole-associated 1 like (SPATC1L) is indispensable for maintaining the integrity of sperm head-to-tail connections in mice, but its roles in human sperm and early embryonic development remain largely unknown. Herein, we conducted whole-exome sequencing (WES) of 22 infertile men with acephalic spermatozoa syndrome. An in silico analysis of the candidate variants was conducted, and WES data analysis was performed using another cohort consisting of 34 patients with acephalic spermatozoa syndrome and 25 control subjects with proven fertility. We identified biallelic mutations in SPATC1L (c.910C>T:p.Arg304Cys and c.994G>T:p.Glu332X) from a patient whose sperm displayed complete acephalia. Both SPATC1L variants are rare and deleterious. SPATC1L is mainly expressed at the head-tail junction of elongating spermatids. Plasmids containing pathogenic variants decreased the level of SPATC1L in vitro. Moreover, none of the patient's four attempts at intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) resulted in a transplantable embryo, which suggests that SPATC1L defects might affect early embryonic development. In conclusion, this study provides the first identification of SPATC1L as a novel gene for human acephalic spermatozoa syndrome. Furthermore, WES might be applied for patients with acephalic spermatozoa syndrome who exhibit reiterative ICSI failures.


Subject(s)
Centrioles/genetics , Homozygote , Humans , Infertility, Male/genetics , Male , Mutation , Spermatogenesis/genetics , Spermatozoa
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880568

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether blood-brain barrier (BBB) served a key role in the edema-relief effect of bloodletting puncture at hand twelve Jing-well points (HTWP) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the potential molecular signaling pathways.@*METHODS@#Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to the sham-operated (sham), TBI, and bloodletting puncture (bloodletting) groups (n=24 per group) using a randomized number table. The TBI model rats were induced by cortical contusion and then bloodletting puncture were performed at HTWP twice a day for 2 days. The neurological function and cerebral edema were evaluated by modified neurological severity score (mNSS), cerebral water content, magnetic resonance imaging and hematoxylin and eosin staining. Cerebral blood flow was measured by laser speckles. The protein levels of aquaporin 4 (AQP4), matrix metalloproteinases 9 (MMP9) and mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway (MAPK) signaling were detected by immunofluorescence staining and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with TBI group, bloodletting puncture improved neurological function at 24 and 48 h, alleviated cerebral edema at 48 h, and reduced the permeability of BBB induced by TBI (all P<0.05). The AQP4 and MMP9 which would disrupt the integrity of BBB were downregulated by bloodletting puncture (P<0.05 or P<0.01). In addition, the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p38 signaling pathways were inhibited by bloodletting puncture (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Bloodletting puncture at HTWP might play a significant role in protecting BBB through regulating the expressions of MMP9 and AQP4 as well as corresponding regulatory upstream ERK and p38 signaling pathways. Therefore, bloodletting puncture at HTWP may be a promising therapeutic strategy for TBI-induced cerebral edema.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880103

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of autophagy on the drug resistance of different human lymphoma cells.@*METHODS@#Human Burkitt's lymphoma cell Daudi, human B lymphoma cell SUDHL-4, and human mantle cell lymphoma cell JeKo-1 were taken as the research subjects. The expression of Atg5 was inhibited by the treatments of autophagy inhibitors or stable interference via lentivirus infection. The autophagy activity of B lymphoma cell was changed, and the changes of lymphoma cells to the drug resistance of ADR and VCR was observed.@*RESULTS@#JeKo-1 cells showed the strongest resistance to ADR and VCR, followed by SUDHL-4, and Daudi cells showed the weakest resistance to ADR and VCR. At the same time, JeKo-1 cells showed the strongest autophagy activity, followed by SUDHL-4, and Daudi cells showed the weakest autophagy activity. After the treatments of autophagy inhibitors or stable Atg5 interference, the resistance of lymphoma cells to ADR and VCR was significantly weakened, and there was the positive correlation at the drug resistance and the autophagy activity of B lymphoma cell.@*CONCLUSION@#The higher autophagy activity in lymphoma cells, the lower chemotherapy resistance of the lymphoma cells after autophagy was inhibited.


Subject(s)
Adult , Autophagy , Burkitt Lymphoma , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Resistance , Humans , Lymphoma, B-Cell
4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 240-248, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879765

ABSTRACT

Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) have great applications in both reproductive and regenerative medicine. Primates including monkeys are very similar to humans with regard to physiology and pathology. Nevertheless, little is known about the isolation, the characteristics, and the culture of primate SSCs. This study was designed to identify, isolate, and culture monkey SSCs. Immunocytochemistry was used to identify markers for monkey SSCs. Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor family receptor alpha-1 (GFRA1)-enriched spermatogonia were isolated from monkeys, namely Macaca fascicularis (M. fascicularis), by two-step enzymatic digestion and magnetic-activated cell sorting, and they were cultured on precoated plates in the conditioned medium. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), immunocytochemistry, and RNA sequencing were used to compare phenotype and transcriptomes in GFRA1-enriched spermatogonia between 0 day and 14 days of culture, and xenotransplantation was performed to evaluate the function of GFRA1-enriched spermatogonia. SSCs shared some phenotypes with rodent and human SSCs. GFRA1-enriched spermatogonia with high purity and viability were isolated from M. fascicularis testes. The freshly isolated cells expressed numerous markers for rodent SSCs, and they were cultured for 14 days. The expression of numerous SSC markers was maintained during the cultivation of GFRA1-enriched spermatogonia. RNA sequencing reflected a 97.3% similarity in global gene profiles between 0 day and 14 days of culture. The xenotransplantation assay indicated that the GFRA1-enriched spermatogonia formed colonies and proliferated in vivo in the recipient c-Kit

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881487

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the sexual relationship power and its influencing factors in married couples with single human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive spouse, and to provide theoretical support for the development of appropriate HIV prevention and control measures. Methods:Data of HIV single positive couples were collected from the database of AIDS epidemic. Social demographic characteristics, AIDS related knowledge, sexual behavior and sexual relationship power of HIV single positive couples were obtained by self-designed questionnaire. Current situation and influencing factors of sexual relationship power of the negative spouses HIV single positive couples' were analyzed. Results:Among 191 HIV negative spouses, 72.3% had not heard of AIDS, 3.1% had a history of HIV testing, and 38.2% had high sexual power. Single factor analysis found that men (χ2 =12.227,P<0.001), high income (χ2 =4.227,P =0.040), high education level (χ2 =18.188,P<0.001), frequent drinking (χ2= 6.104,P=0.013), and high-level awareness of AIDS (χ2=10.827,P=0.013) had higher power of sexual relationship. Multivariate analysis showed that men and individuals with college education or above had higher sexual power, with OR (95% CI) 4.102 (1.757-9.578) and 7.403 (2.810-19.503), respectively. Conclusion:The low awareness rate of AIDS knowledge and the disharmonious relationship between husband and wife will increase the risk of AIDS transmission in the spouses. Male, economic income, education level and AIDS awareness rate are the important influencing factors of sexual relationship power.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905808

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the association between recreational drug usage, high risk sexual behavior, and HIV infection among men who have sex with men(MSM) in Jinhua. Methods:A cross-sectional survey was conducted to recruit MSM for anonymous questionnaire survey and serological examination. We used EpiData3.1 for data entry and SPSS 19.0 for statistical analysis. Results:A total of 368 MSM were surveyed, in which the proportion of recreational drug usage was 13.3% ( 49 / 368 ), with the HIV infection of 10.3% (38/ 368 ) and syphilis infection of 8.9% (25/368). Risk factors associated with recreational drug usage were determined to be part-time job or being unemployed (OR=5.26; 95%CI: 2.10-13.18; P<0.001), average monthly income ≥CNY 5 000 (OR=6.45; 95%CI: 2.87-14.61; P<0.001), education level of high school or above (OR=1.56; 95%CI: 1.37-3.57; P=0.037), sexual orientation being homosexual(OR=3.52; 95%CI: 1.60-7.33; P=0.002), number of sexual partners >1 (OR=4.37; 95%CI: 1.76-10.82; P=0.001), engaged in group sex (OR=7.90; 95%CI: 2.11-29.55; P=0.002) and previously diagnosed sexually transmitted diseases (OR=4.76; 95%CI: 1.29-17.65;P=0.019). Conclusion:Prevalence of recreational drug usage among MSM in Jinhua is relatively low. MSM with part-time or unemployed status, monthly income ≥CNY 5 000, higher education level, homosexual orientation, multiple sexual partners, sexually transmitted diseases and group sex behavior are the risk factors associated with recreational drug usage in Jinhua city. Targeted countermeasures should be considered for intervention.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821660

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the endemic situation of schistosomiasis in Hunan Province in 2019, so as to provide insights into the achievement of transmission interruption of schistosomiasis in the province in 2020. Methods The data pertaining to Schistosoma japonicum infections in humans and livestock and snail status were captured from Hunan Province in 2019 and analyzed. Results Schistosomiasis was endemic in 281 townships (towns) from 41 counties (districts) of 6 cities in Hunan Province by the end of 2019. A total of 991 900 persons received blood testing in Hunan Province in 2019, and 22 773 were positive for the blood testing, with sero-prevalence of 2.30%. All stool examinations were negative in 22 933 individuals detected. The high sero-prevalence was seen in Nanxian County, Anxiang County and Ziyang District. Currently, there were 5 034 cases with advanced schistosomiasis detected in Hunan Province, and they were predominantly identified in Yuanjiang City, Heshan District and Yueyang County. There were 44 963 bovines fenced in schistosomiasis-endemic villages in Hunan Province in 2019, which were predominantly distributed in Yuanjiang City, Hanshou County and Ziyang District, and no positives were detected in 1 996 bovines receiving blood testing or 20 684 bovines receiving stool examinations. In 2019, there were snail habitats of 1.73 billion m2 found in Hunan Province, which were mainly found in Yuanjiang City, Hanshou County and Yueyang County. Conclusion The endemic situation of schistosomiasis further decreases in Hunan Province in 2019; however, there is still a risk of schistosomiasis transmission in local areas of the province.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821643

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the effect of the integrated schistosomiasis control measures in Hunan Province from 2004 to 2019, so as to provide insights into the development of the schistosomiasis elimination strategy. Methods The integrated schistosomiasis control measures implemented by the health, agriculture, water resources, forestry, land and resources sectors were retrospectively collected in Hunan Province from 2004 to 2019, and the completion of each measure, cost of control measures, Schistosoma japonicum infections in humans and bovines, and snail status were analyzed each year. An index system for assessing the integrated schistosomiasis control effect was constructed using the Delphi method to calculate the integrated schistosomiasis control effect index. In addition, a cost-effect analysis was performed in terms of the decline in the prevalence of S. japonicum infections in humans and bovines, areas with snails in inner embankments, and areas with infected snails. Results A total of 7 110 926 500 Yuan were invested into the integrated schistosomiasis control program of Hunan Province from 2004 to 2019. During the 16-year period, a total of 277 437.12 hm2 snail habitats received molluscicidal treatments, 6 927 230 person-times given expanded chemotherapy, 2 116 247 bovine-times given expanded chemotherapy, 954 850 harmless toilets built, 290 359 bovines fenced, 136 666 bovines eliminated, 141 905 machines used to replace bovines, 39 048.63 hm2 water lands improved as dry lands, 724.12 km irrigation regions improved, 3 994 300 populations covered with safe water, 191 102.89 hm2 forests planted and 38 535.27 hm2 lands leveled. The prevalence of S. japonicum infections was 4.29% in humans and 4.48% in bovines in Hunan Province in 2004, with 2 449.37 hm2 snail habitats in inner embankments and 3 423.74 hm2 infected snail areas. In 2019, the prevalence of S. japonicum infections reduced to 0 in both humans and bovines, and areas of snail habitats reduced to 540.92 hm2 (77.92% reductions), while the areas with infected snails reduced to 0. The overall integrated schistosomiasis control effect index appeared a tendency towards a rise over years since 2004, and the integrated schistosomiasis control effect index was 97.35 in 2019; the annual mean costs for a 1% reduction in the prevalence of S. japonicum infections in 100 populations and 100 bovines were 70.11 Yuan and 4 204.78 Yuan, and the annual mean costs for a 1% reduction in the snail areas in inner embankments and infected snail areas were 2 010.20 Yuan and 1 298.09 Yuan, respectively. Conclusions The integrated control measures achieve remarkable effectiveness for schistosomiasis control in Hunan Province, with a remarkable decline in the prevalence of S. japonicum infections in humans and bovines and great shrinking of snail areas in inner embankments and infected snail areas. Adequate fund investment is required to improve the integrated schistosomiasis control measures and consolidate the control achievements.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863992

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the relationship between joint bleeding and joint disease in hemophilia children, and to provide a theoretical basis for clinical treatment and prognosis.Methods:The patients with severe hemophilia A between 1 and 7 years old and with relevant nodal bleeding records were selected.All the patients admitted in Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University, and Chengdu New Century Women′s and Children′s Hospital since June 2016 to January 2017.All the joint bleeding of each child was taken as the study joint, and the joint bleeding was collected during the last 3 months.The joints were assessed by using ultrasound, X-ray, magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) and Hemophilia Joint Health Score (HJHS) scoring systems.The correlation analysis was conducted between the joint bleeding, ultrasound, X-ray, MRI and HJHS scores.The correlation analysis was conducted for baseline ultrasound, X-ray, MRI and HJHS scores.Results:(1) There were 18 patients enrolled.The mean age was (5.6±1.8) years old.There were 30 joints bleeding in the observation period in total, with the annul median joint bleeding times of 4 (4-16 times), and the annul median target joint bleeding times of 8 (4-16 times). (2) Joint bleeding times of was correlated with ultrasound and X-ray evaluation ( r=0.390, P=0.033; r=0.517, P=0.008), and not correlated with HJHS or MRI(all P>0.05). (3) There was significantly positive correlation among ultrasound, X-ray, HJHS and MRI [ r=0.815(ultrasound vs.X-ray), r=0.510(ultrasound vs.HJHS), r=0.812(ultrasound vs.MRI), r=0.666(X-ray vs.HJHS), r=0.911(X-ray vs.MRI), r=0.781(HJHS vs.MRI), all P<0.01]. (4) There was no correlation between times and assessment for joints whose ultrasound and /or MRI in joints with abnormal ultrasound and /or MRI evaluation( P>0.05). Conclusions:The results of joint bleeding and joint evaluation are inconsistent.Joint bleeding can not truly reflect the situation of joint diseases.The assessment of hemophilia should include comprehensive evaluation of joint structure, function, activity ability and other aspects to guide the treatment of haemophi-lia children.

10.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835096

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES@#Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a hereditary disease that is also strongly dependent on environmental factors, lifestyles, and dietary habits. This study explored the relationship between lifestyle habits and glycosylated hemoglobin management in T2DM patients to provide empirical outcomes to improve T2DM management and patient health literacy. @*SUBJECTS/METHODS@#This study enrolled 349 diabetic patients with more than 5 care visits to a Diabetes Mellitus care network under the Health Management Plan led by Taiwan Department of Health (DOH). Based on relevant literature, an Outpatient Record Form of Diabetes Mellitus Care was designed and lipid profile tests were conducted for data collection and analysis. @*RESULTS@#When modeling the data, the results showed that the odds for HbA1c > 7.5% in T2DM patients duration over 10 years was 3.785 (P = 0.002) times that in patients with disease duration of fewer than 3 years. The odds of HbA1c > 7.5% in illiterate patients was 3.128 (P = 0.039) times that in patients with senior high school education or above. The odds of HbA1c > 7.5% in patients with other chronic illness was 2.207 (P = 0.019) times that in participants without chronic illness. Among 5 beneficial lifestyle habits, the odds of HbA1c > 7.5% in patients with 2 or 3 good habits were 3.243 (P = 0.003) and 3.424 (P = 0.001) times that in patients with more than 3 good habits, respectively. @*CONCLUSION@#This empirical outcome shows that maintaining a good lifestyle improves T2DM management and patients' knowledge, motivation, and ability to use health information. Patients with longer disease duration, education, or good lifestyle habits had optimal HbA1c management than those in patients who did not. Thus, effective selfmanagement and precaution in daily life and improved health literacy of diabetic patients are necessary to increase the quality of T2DM care.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1557-1561, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822619

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the diff erences in the overall chemical constituents of Angelicae dahuricae with and without sulphur-fumigation,and to select chemical markers that can be used for identification. METHODS :Each 16 batches of A. dahuricae with and without sulphur-fumigation were selected as samples. Deuterated methanol-deuterium oxide (1 ∶ 0.2,V/V)was used as extraction solvent ,and 1H-NMR metabolomics was used to detect the primary and secondary metabolites in A. dahuricae . In addition ,visual analysis ,principal component analysis (PCA)and t-test were used to compare the component differences of A. dahuricae by two kinds of pretreatment methods. RESULTS :A total of 19 chemical constituents such as coumarins ,amino acids and sugars were simultaneously detected and identified from two kinds of A. dahuricae . Visual analysis showed that the chemical profiles of the two kinds of A. dahuricae were similar ,but their coumarins and carbohydrates were quite different in 1H-NMR signal intensity. PCA analysis showed that all samples could be divided into two categories according to different treatment methods. The results of t-test showed that the contents of oxypeucedanin ,imperatorin,glucose and sucrose of A. dahuricae were decreased significantly after sulphur fumigation (P<0.01 or P<0.001),while the contents of alanine and leucine were significantly increased (P<0.01 or P<0.001). There was no statistical significance in the contents of other 13 kinds of components (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS:There are obvious differences in the 6 chemical compounds of oxypeucedanin ,imperatorin,glucose,sucrose, alanine and leucine in A. dahuricae with and without sulphur-fumigation ,which can be used as chemical markers for the identification of sulphur-fumigated A. dahuricae in the market.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1179-1182, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822238

ABSTRACT

@#Alzheimer's disease(AD)is one of the most common causes of Dementia in the world, with symptoms often appearing years after the degenerative changes in the brain. Therefore, the early diagnosis of AD is difficult and the previous diagnostic methods are generally invasive. Considering that most patients with AD are accompanied by visual impairment, the retina can be regarded as a window into the brain. Recently, optical coherence tomography(OCTA)can be used for noninvasive and rapid assessment of structure within different vascular plexuses in the retina and choroid. This improves our understanding of neurological diseases, and more likely contributes to the early diagnosis of AD patients. This paper reviewed the relevant literatures on the application of OCTA in the study of neurological diseases, as well as the structure and function of the brain and retina in patients with AD.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 132-137, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817350

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effects of dihydroartemisinin (DHA)on the metabolism of amino acid metabolites in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells Huh 7 and BEL- 7402,and to provide theoretic basis for clarifying the mechanism of DHA regulating the metabolism of hepatocellular carcinoma cells. METHODS :CCK-8 method was taken to detect the effect of different concentrations of DHA (12.5,25,50,100 µmol/L)treating for 24,48,72 h on the two kinds of cells. Two kinds of cells were divided into control group and administration group (DHA,25 µmol/L),and then cultured with drug-free or drug-containing medium for 24 h,operated in parallel for three times. After derivatization of cell samples in each group ,GC-MS method was used to detect the content of amino acid metabolites ,combined with SIMCA-P software analysis and compound library comparison ,the differential metabolites in two kinds of cells were screened out. The pathway enrichment analysis of differential metabolism was conducted with Metaboanalyst 4.0 software. RESULTS :Compared with control group ,the contents of glutamine ,glutathione, phenylalanine,fumaric acid and taurine were trending down in Huh 7 or BEL- 7402 cells. There were 28 and 29 differential metabolites obtained from the above two kinds of cells ,and 10 of them were common differential metabolites ,including glutamine,glutathione,taurine,fumaric acid ,phenylalanine,etc. The differential metabolites were enriched in 8 and 6 pathways respectively. The common enrichment pathways were amino acid-tRNA biosynthesis ,aspartate-alanine-glutamate metabolism , nitrogen metabolism ,phenylalanine metabolism and pentose phosphate pathway ,etc. CONCLUSIONS :DHA can significantly reduce the activities of Huh 7 cells and BEL- 7402 cells,and the contents of glutamine ,glutamic acid ,glutathione and phenylalanine,etc. It may regulate the growth of the two kinds of cells by influencing the mechanism of aspartic acid- alanine-glutamate metabolic pathway ,etc.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827542

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the treatment conditions of acid decalcified specimens and improve the poor quality of sections and unclear structure of hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining caused by the change in pH in tooth and hard tissue after acid decalcification.@*METHODS@#A total of 20 cases of oral pathological specimens that contain hard tissues were decalcified and treated with routine treatment, concentrated ammonia water immersion treatment, and saturated lithium carbonate solution immersion treatment. The quality and HE staining effects of hard tissue sections treated with different methods were compared.@*RESULTS@#Compared with routine treatment, lithium carbonate saturated solution treatment showed complete sections. Hematoxylin is strongly stained, the nucleus is clear, and the cytoplasm is bright.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Soaking acid decalcified specimens in lithium carbonate saturated solution before embedding in dehydration can neutralize the acidic environment of the tissue. The quality of sections and HE staining effect are improved and are suitable for the pretreatment of acid decalcified tissue samples of oral pathology.


Subject(s)
Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Hematoxylin , Staining and Labeling , Tooth
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763646

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence has shown that visit-to-visit variability (VVV) of blood pressure (BP) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of VVV of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) on the risk of CVD among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in China. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 10,163 T2DM patients who were not previously diagnosed with CVD from January 2008 to December 2012 in Ningbo, China. The VVV of BP was calculated using five metrics, including standard deviation (SD), coefficient of variation (CV), variation independent of mean, average real variability, and successive variability (SV) of measurements, obtained over a 24-month measurement period. Hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated by Cox proportional hazards regression models for the associations of variability in BP with risk of CVD. RESULTS: A total of 894 CVD events were observed during a median follow-up of 49.5 months. The hazard ratio in the highest quintile of SD of SBP was 1.24 (95% CI, 1.01 to 1.52) compared with patients in the lowest quintile. The association between higher VVV of DBP and risk of CVD was not consistent across different metrics and sensitivity analyses. CONCLUSION: Higher VVV of SBP was associated with an increased risk of CVD, irrespective of the mean SBP level. Future studies are needed to confirm these findings.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Cardiovascular Diseases , China , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Retrospective Studies
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1515-1521, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775691

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and significance of LncRNA RP11-513G11.1 in peripheral blood of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and to analyze its correlation with clinicopathological features and prognosis of patients.@*METHODS@#The serum samples of 93 patients with DLBCL(DLBCL group) and 62 normal persons (control group) were collected from the Department of Hematology, Southwest Medical University. The expression of RP11-513G11.1 in serum samples was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, the relationship between the RP11-513G11.1 expression with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with normal control group, the expression of RP11-513G11.1 significantly increased in DLBCL patients (P<0.001). The expression of RP11-513G11.1 not related with the age, sex, course of treatment and germinal center B-cell-like lymphoma(GCB) subtypes of the patients, but it related with the diameter of tumor,Ann Arbor stage,B symptoms,chemosensitivity and the international prognostic index(IPI) (P<0.05). The progression-free survival time and overall survival time of patients, whom with high expression of RP11-513G11.1 were significantly shorter than those of RP11-513G11.1 low expression(P<0.001). The median progression-free survival time and overall survival time of chemotherapy-sensitive patients were significantly longer than those of chemotherapy-resistant patients (P<0.001). Univariate analysis and multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that Ann Arbor stage, RP11-513G11.1 expression, IPI and chemosensitivity were also the independent factors affecting the prognosis of DLBCL patients(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#RP11-513G11.1 is highly expressed in patients with DLBCL, which is related with the prognosis of DLBCL patients.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Germinal Center , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Genetics , Prognosis , RNA, Long Noncoding , Genetics
17.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 309-318, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842566

ABSTRACT

While hallmarks of rodent spermatogonia stem cell biomarkers' heterogeneity have recently been identified, their stage and subset distributions remain unclear. Furthermore, it is currently difficult to accurately identify subset-specific SSC marker distributions due to the poor nuclear morphological characteristics associated with fixation in 4% paraformaldehyde. In the present study, testicular cross-sections and whole-mount samples were Bouin fixed to optimize nuclear resolution and visualized by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and immunofluorescence (IF). The results identified an expression pattern of PLZFhighc-KITpos in A1 spermatogonia, while A2-A4-differentiating spermatogonia were PLZFlowc-KITpos. Additionally, this procedure was used to examine asymmetrically expressing GFRA1 and PLZF clones, asymmetric Apr and false clones were distinguished based on the presence or absence of TEX14, a molecular maker of intercellular bridges, despite having identical nuclear morphology and intercellular distances that were <25 μm. In conclusion, this optimized Bouin fixation procedure facilitates the accurate identification of spermatogonium subsets based on their molecular profiles and is capable of distinguishing asymmetric and false clones. Therefore, the findings presented herein will facilitate further morphological and functional analysis studies and provide further insight into spermatogonium subtypes.

18.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 417-422, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842050

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study was conducted to explore the potential use of cinnamon residues (twigs and leaves) in boosting the anti-oxidant activity of yogurt. Methods: The cinnamon bark was used as the benchmark. The extracts of cinnamon bark (BW), twigs residue (TW), and leaves residue (LW) were prepared by using water, whereas the hydrolysates of cinnamon bark (BE), twigs residue (TE) and leaves residue (LE) were prepared via cellulase hydrolysis. The extracts and hydrolysates were then co-fermented respectively with the skimmed milk to produce yogurt. Results: Results obtained indicated that BW and TE yogurt possessed the highest anti-oxidant activity. In vitro digestion improved the anti-oxidant activity of yogurt significantly (P < 0.05). DPPH activity of the LW yogurt was improved drastically after in vitro digestion. Although the total phenolic content (TPC) and total flavonoids content (TFC) of LW were lower than BW, the anti-oxidant activity of LW yogurt was not significantly different (P < 0.05) with the BW yogurt after digestion. Conclusion: This study suggested that the anti-oxidant activity of the cinnamon yogurt was influenced by complex protein-phenolic interactions.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801802

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study on the antitumor mechanism of artesunate in the treatment of liver cancer based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Method: CellTiter-Glo® Luminescent Cell Viability Assay was used to detect activity of artesunate with different concentrations (0, 12.5, 25, 50, 100 μmol·L-1) on human liver cancer Huh7, SMMC-7721 cells for 24, 48, 72 h. GC-MS was employed to analyze the changes of metabolites of artesunate in two kinds of hepatoma cells (Huh7, SMMC-7721) for 24 h. The data was preprocessed by Postrun Analysis 4.41 workstation. Partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) was used to analyze two sets of differential metabolites and to analyze metabolic pathways of differential metabolites based on MetaboAnalyst 3.0 software. Result: Compared with the normal group, after two kinds of liver cancer cells was treated by artesunate, a total of 39 identical metabolites in the cells have undergone significant changes, which were mainly related to five metabolic pathways,including biosynthesis of aminoacyl-transfer RNA (tRNA), metabolism of alanine, aspartic acid and glutamic acid, metabolism of glycine, serine and threonine, metabolism of arginine and proline, metabolism of glutathione. Conclusion: Artesunate (12.5-100 μmol·L-1) can inhibit the growth of liver cancer cells (Huh7, SMMC-7721), it mainly involves five metabolic pathways, which may be the pathway of artesunate against liver cancer.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905606

ABSTRACT

IκB kinase beta (IKKbeta) is a key kinase in nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) signaling pathway. After spinal cord injury, IKKbeta is activated, and the signal pathway of NF-kappa B is abnormally activated, which produces a large number of inflammatory factors, which has a negative impact on the recovery of spinal cord injury. This article mainly summarized the structure and function of IKKbeta and its application in inflammatory reaction after spinal cord injury, trying to find a new target for the treatment of spinal cord injury.

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