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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016422

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate the relationship between self-reported occupational noise exposure and levels of plasma inflammatory cytokines in asthmatic patients. Methods A total of 910 adult asthmatic patients were selected as the study subjects, and their occupational noise exposure history and other related information were collected. The peripheral blood samples were collected from the patients, and the expression levels of plasma soluble CD14 (sCD14), complement factor D (CFD), Eotaxin-11 (CCL11), and IL-9 were determined. The relationship between self-reported occupational noise exposure and the expression levels of the four inflammatory cytokines in patients’ plasma were analyzed using multiple linear regression models. The interactions between confounding factors and self-reported occupational noise exposure were further analyzed by interaction analysis. Results The plasma CCL11, sCD14 and CFD expressions in asthmatic patients with self-reported occupational noise exposure were significantly higher than those in patients without the exposure (P<0.05). After adjusting for confounding factors, compared with patients reporting no occupational noise exposure, the plasma CFD expression was increased by 0.17 (95% CI: 0.02, 0.31) natural logarithm units in patients with self-reported occupational noise exposure. During remission, the levels of plasma CCL11 and sCD14 in asthmatic patients with self-reported occupational noise exposure were increased by 0.27 (95% CI: 0.05, 0.49) and 0.22 (95% CI: 0.02, 0.41) natural logarithm units, respectively, when compared with patients without the exposure. Interaction analysis showed that self-reported occupational noise exposure had significant multiplicative interaction with smoking or pet ownership on plasma CCL11 or CFD expressions in asthmatic patients (all P<0.05). Conclusion Self-reported occupational noise exposure is significantly associated with increased expression levels of plasma CFD, CCL11, and sCD14 in adult asthmatic patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016406

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between 23 metals and metalloids elements in the urine and thyroid function indicators in the blood of traffic police. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed to assess the effects of 23 metals and metalloids elements in the urine on blood thyroid function indicators in 166 traffic policemen (122 field staff and 44 internal staff) in Wuhan, Hubei Province. Each subject received an occupational health examination. Results After multiple corrections for false detection rates, in the polymetallic model, the levels of urinary manganese and urinary uranium were positively correlated with the levels of thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) in the blood (β = 66.57, 95% CI 2.92-130.22, P = 0.040 and β = 62.43, 95% CI 14.37-110.49, P = 0.011), and the level of urinary uranium was positively correlated with thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels in the blood (β = 6.20, 95% CI 2.68-9.72 , P = 0.001). Urinary uranium level was negatively correlated with free thyroxine level in the blood (FT4) (β = -2.03, 95 % CI (-3.67 )- (-0.39), P = 0.015), and urinary lead level was negatively correlated with blood TSH level (β = -4.59, 95% CI (-8.67) - (-0.51), P = 0.027). Conclusion Manganese exposure is related to the increase of TPOAb level in blood, uranium exposure is related to the increase of TPOAb and TSH levels and the decrease of FT4 level in blood, and lead exposure is related to the decrease of TSH level in blood, suggesting that more attention should be paid to the effects of heavy metals on the thyroid of traffic police.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 350-364, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011241

ABSTRACT

Recent clinical studies have shown that mutation of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) gene in cancer cells may be associated with immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME) and poor response to immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy. Therefore, efficiently restoring PTEN gene expression in cancer cells is critical to improving the responding rate to ICB therapy. Here, we screened an adeno-associated virus (AAV) capsid for efficient PTEN gene delivery into B16F10 tumor cells. We demonstrated that intratumorally injected AAV6-PTEN successfully restored the tumor cell PTEN gene expression and effectively inhibited tumor progression by inducing tumor cell immunogenic cell death (ICD) and increasing immune cell infiltration. Moreover, we developed an anti-PD-1 loaded phospholipid-based phase separation gel (PPSG), which formed an in situ depot and sustainably release anti-PD-1 drugs within 42 days in vivo. In order to effectively inhibit the recurrence of melanoma, we further applied a triple therapy based on AAV6-PTEN, PPSG@anti-PD-1 and CpG, and showed that this triple therapy strategy enhanced the synergistic antitumor immune effect and also induced robust immune memory, which completely rejected tumor recurrence. We anticipate that this triple therapy could be used as a new tumor combination therapy with stronger immune activation capacity and tumor inhibition efficacy.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 847-854, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997818

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the improvement of oxygenation after the treatment of prone position in patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) caused by pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) after kidney transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 5 cases of moderate and severe ARDS caused by PJP after kidney transplantation were analyzed retrospectively, and clinical characteristics, treatment regimen and prognosis were summarized. Results Clinical manifestations of 5 patients were fever, dry cough, chest tightness, shortness ofbreath,sweating and fatigue, and body temperature fluctuated between 38 ℃ and 39 ℃, percutaneous arterial oxygen saturation(SpO2) was gradually decreased, and respiratory distress symptoms were worsened. Pulmonary CT scan showed diffuse ground-glass shadow. After transfer to intensive care unit (ICU), immunosuppressive drugs were terminated, and all patients were given with compound sulfamethoxazole, caspofungin, low-dose glucocorticoids against pneumocystis jirovecii (PJ), oxygen therapy and other symptomatic supportive treatments. Four patients diagnosed with severe ARDS upon admission to ICU were treated in a prone position. One patient with moderate ARDS was not kept in a prone position. At 1 d after treatment in a prone position, partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO2) and oxygenation index were increased, whereas alveolar-arterial oxygen difference (A-aDO2) was decreased compared with before treatment (allP<0.05). Compared with 1 d after treatment, SpO2, PaO2 and oxygenation index were all increased, while A-aDO2 was decreased at 4 d after treatment (all P<0.05). Box diagram showed that oxygenation index showed an overall upward trend after prone-position treatment, whereas A-aDO2 showed an overall downward trend. The length of ICU stay of 5 patients was 14 (8, 29) d. All patients in a prone position did not develop complications, such as skin pressure sore, tube detachment and tube displacement, etc. Among 5 patients, 4 patients were mitigated, and 1 patient died of septic shock and multiple organ failure. Conclusions For both conscious and intubated patients, a prone position may significantly improve oxygenation and prognosis of patients with severe ARDS caused by PJP after kidney transplantation. Early diagnosis and accurate and standardized treatment play a pivotal role in enhancing cure rate.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996413

ABSTRACT

Objective Based on the Pressure-State-Response (PSR) model and Environmental health indicators (EHIs), the comprehensive environmental health risk index of the Yangtze River economic belt is assessed to evaluate the comprehensive environmental health risk of the study area from 2016 to 2020. Methods Reference to the results of the Second National Pollution Source Census, a comprehensive environmental health risk assessment system was established. Twenty three representative indicators covering the four directions of economy, society, environment and health were selected. The above indicators were standardized using the range method, and each indicator was weighted using the entropy weight method. Results From 2016 to 2020, the comprehensive risk of environmental health in the Yangtze River Economic Belt showed a downward trend. The comprehensive health risk index decreased from 0.5450 to 0.3255, and the risk level has changed from "medium risk" to "low risk". Conclusion The overall environmental health of the Yangtze River Economic Belt has been improving, but it is still necessary to note that with the economic development, the regional pressure risk index has been rising rapidly, and corresponding measures should be taken to maintain the balanced development of economic and environmental health.

6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 700-703,708, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992364

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a three-dimensional model of locking plate fixation for 42A2 type oblique tibial fractures with different fracture line directions and different angles between the fracture line and the long axis of the tibia. Finite element analysis was used to calculate and analyze the biomechanics of locking plate, screw, and tibia, providing theoretical basis for clinical application.Methods:A healthy adult volunteer, 25 years old, male, with a height of 173 cm and a weight of 69.5 kg, was selected to perform computed tomography (CT) scans on the left tibia. Relevant data were obtained to establish a locking steel plate fixation model for 42A2 type tibia with different oblique fracture line directions and different angles between the fracture line and the long axis of the tibia. Eight hole pure titanium plates were used for fixation, respectively. We compared the Mises stress changes of locking plates, screws, and tibia in different angle fracture models.Results:In the case of a 42A2 type fracture in the left oblique direction with a fracture line from outside to inside, the maximum Mises stress in the tibia was 114 MPa, the maximum Mises stress in the screw was 279.8 MPa, and the maximum Mises stress in the locking steel plate was 302.4 MPa; In the case of a 42A2 type fracture in the right oblique fracture with a fracture line from the bottom to the top, the maximum Mises stress of the tibia was 93.41MPa, the maximum Mises stress of the screw was 353.4 MPa, and the maximum Mises stress of the locking steel plate was 411.8 MPa.Conclusions:Regardless of the oblique fractures in both left and right directions, the maximum stress values are: locking plate>screw>tibia; When the position of the locking steel plate is fixed, the maximum stress values of the locking steel plate and screw are both right oblique fracture>left oblique fracture; And the maximum stress values all increase with the increase of angle.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991381

ABSTRACT

Military vocational education has become one of the strategies to strengthen the military in the new era. The army urgently needs to build a number of featured online courses of military vocational education. Therefore, taking the course "Knowledge and Skills of Health Education for the Army" as an example, this paper discusses the overall construction objectives, construction ideas, teaching content, curriculum and test question bank construction of the course. In addition, this paper analyzes and summarizes the problems existing in the teaching organization, implementation, and preliminary application, so as to provide ideas and construction strategies for the construction of online open courses in other military vocational education.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988753

ABSTRACT

Background Diacetyl (DC) is widely used in the food flavoring industry and excessive occupational exposure to DC can cause serious respiratory diseases. However, there is no corresponding national standard method for the determination of DC in the air of workplace. Objective To establish a method for the determination of DC in workplace air by high performance liquid chromatography using 4-nitro-o-phenylenediamine (NPDA) as precolumn derivatization. Methods DC in the air of workplace was collected by solution absorption method. This experiment used NPDA as the derivatization reagent. By adjusting acidity of solution and optimizing concentration ration of DC/NPDA, derivatization temperature, and time, a method for the determination of DC in workplace air was proposed, and its performance indexes such as linearity, detection limit, and lower limit of quantification were obtained. Sampling efficiency was evaluated by relative comparison method, and sample stability was evaluated by sample preservation test. Accuracy and precision of the method were evaluated by standard addition recovery test with blank samples, and an interference test was carried out by adding standard samples. The established method was applied to actual samples to evaluate its adaptability. Results A combination of 60 °C for 2 h was selected for derivatization because a higher derivatization reaction temperature and a longer reaction time associated with a higher derivatization efficiency. The solution was separated by SB-C18 column (250 mm×4.6 mm, 5 μm) at 30 ℃, using a mixture of methanol and water (v/v, 65%/35%) as mobile phase with an elution flow rate of 1.0 mL·min−1, and was detected with a variable wavelength detector (λmax=257 nm) by qualitative analysis based on retention time and quantitative analysis based on external standard method. In terms of the proposed method, the linear range of detection was from 5 μg·L−1 to 2000 μg·L−1, with a correlation coefficient of 0.9999, and a detection limit of 1.3 μg·L−1, the quantitative detection of the lower limit was 4.3 μg·L−1, with a sampling volume V0 of 3.0 L, the minimum detection concentration was 4.3 μg·m−3, and the minimum quantitative concentration was 14.3 μg·m−3. The recovery rate was 99.1%-100.8%, the intra-batch precision was 0.5%-3.0%, and the inter-batch precision was 1.2%-2.0%. The average sampling efficiency of this method was 94.5%, and the sample could be stored at 4 °C for at least 14 d. The coexisting components in the air of the workplace did not interfere with the determination of DC. The DC content in the air of a flavor workplace was 5.86-8.85 mg·m−3. Conclusion A determination method for DC in workplace air by high performance liquid chromatography using NPDA as precolumn derivatization after being collected by 1.0% phosphoric acid absorbent is proposed and has the advantages of simple operation, high sensitivity, and good accuracy. With no DC loss and degradation, the method may satisfy the request for DC determination in the air of workplace.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970287

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study assesses the impact of iodine-rich processed foods and dining places on the iodine nutritional status of children.@*METHODS@#School-aged children (SAC) in seven provinces in China were selected by school-based multi-stage sampling. Urinary iodine, salt iodine, and thyroid volume (TVOL) were determined. Questionnaires were used to investigate dining places and iodine-rich processed foods. The water iodine was from the 2017 national survey. Multi-factor regression analysis was used to find correlations between variables.@*RESULTS@#Children ate 78.7% of their meals at home, 15.1% at school canteens, and 6.1% at other places. The percentage of daily iodine intake from water, iodized salt, iodine-rich processed foods, and cooked food were 1.0%, 79.2%, 1.5%, and 18.4%, respectively. The salt iodine was correlated with the urinary iodine and TVOL, respectively (r = 0.999 and -0.997, P < 0.05). The iodine intake in processed foods was weakly correlated with the TVOL (r = 0.080, P < 0.01). Non-iodized salt used in processed foods or diets when eating out had less effect on children's iodine nutrition status.@*CONCLUSION@#Iodized salt remains the primary source of daily iodine intake of SAC, and processed food has less effect on iodine nutrition. Therefore, for children, iodized salt should be a compulsory supplement in their routine diet.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Iodine , Sodium Chloride, Dietary/analysis , China , Water
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 395-402, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970221

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To analyze the long-term survival of patients with localized renal cell carcinoma after partical nephrectomy. Methods: The clinicopathological records and survival follow-up data of 2 046 patients with localized renal cell carcinoma, who were treated with partial nephrectomy from August 2001 to February 2021 in the Department of Urology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, were retrospectively analyzed. There were 1 402 males and 644 females, aged (M(IQR)) 51 (19) years (range: 6 to 86 years). The primary end point of this study was cancer-specific survival. Survival curves were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the difference test was performed by Log-rank test. Univariate and multivariate Cox analysis were fitted to determine factors associated with cancer-specific survival. Results: The follow-up time was 49.2 (48.0) months (range: 1 to 229 months), with 1 974 patients surviving and 72 dying. The median cancer-specific survival time has not yet been reached. The 5- and 10-year cancer specific survival rates were 97.0% and 91.2%, respectively. The 10-year cancer-specific survival rates for stage pT1a (n=1 447), pT1b (n=523) and pT2 (n=58) were 95.3%, 81.8%, and 81.7%, respectively. The 10-year cancer-specific survival rates of patients with nuclear grade 1 (n=226), 2 (n=1 244) and 3 to 4 (n=278) were 96.6%, 89.4%, and 85.5%, respectively. There were no significant differences in 5-year cancer-specific survival rates among patients underwent open, laparoscopic, or robotic surgery (96.7% vs. 97.1% vs. 97.5%, P=0.600). Multivariate analysis showed that age≥50 years (HR=3.93, 95%CI: 1.82 to 8.47, P<0.01), T stage (T1b vs. T1a: HR=3.31, 95%CI: 1.83 to 5.99, P<0.01; T2+T3 vs. T1a: HR=2.88, 95%CI: 1.00 to 8.28, P=0.049) and nuclear grade (G3 to 4 vs. G1: HR=2.81, 95%CI: 1.01 to 7.82, P=0.048) were independent prognostic factors of localized renal cell carcinoma after partial nephrectomy. Conclusions: The long-term cancer-specific survival rates of patients with localized renal cancer after partial nephrectomy are satisfactory. The type of operation (open, laparoscopic, or robotic) has no significant effect on survival. However, patients with older age, higher nuclear grade, and higher T stage have a lower cancer-specific survival rate. Grasping surgical indications, attaching importance to preoperative evaluation, perioperative management, and postoperative follow-up, could benefit achieving satisfactory long-term survival.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982061

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of kaempferol on proliferation of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) KG1a cells and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Human AML KG1a cells in logarithmic growth stage were taken and set at 25, 50, 75 and 100 μg/ml kaempferol group, another normal control group (complete medium without drug) and solvent control group (add dimethyl sulfoxide) were also set. After 24 and 48 hours of intervention, the cell proliferation rate was detected by CCK-8 assay. In addition, interleukin-6 (IL-6) combined with kaempferol group (Plus 20 μg/l IL-6 and 75 μg/ml kaempferol) was set up, 48 hours after culture, the cell cycle and apoptosis of KG1a cells were detected by flow cytometry, the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) of KG1a cells was detected by MMP detection kit (JC-1 method), and the expression of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathway related proteins in KG1a cells were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The cell proliferation rate of 25, 50, 75 and 100 μg/ml kaempferol group decreased significantly (P<0.05), and with the increase of kaempferol dose (r24 h=-0.990, r48 h= -0.999), the cell proliferation rate decreased gradually (P<0.05). The inhibitory effect of 75 μg/ml kaempferol on cell proliferation reached half of effective dose after 48 hours of intervention. Compared with normal control group, the G0/G1 phase cell proportion and apoptosis rate of cells in 25, 50 and 75 μg/ml kaempferol group increased, while the S phase cell proportion, MMP, phosphorylated JAK2 (p-JAK2)/JAK2 and phosphorylated STAT3 (p-STAT3)/STAT3 protein expression decreased in a dose-dependent manner (r=0.998, 0.994, -0.996, -0.981, -0.997, -0.930). Compared with 75 μg/ml kaempferol group, the G0/G1 phase cell proportion and apoptosis rate of cells in IL-6 combined with kaempferol group decreased, while the S phase cell proportion, MMP, p-JAK2/JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3 protein expression increased significantly (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Kaempferol can inhibit KG1a cell proliferation and induce KG1a cell apoptosis, its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of JAK2/STAT3 signal pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Kaempferols/pharmacology , Signal Transduction , Apoptosis , Janus Kinase 2 , Cell Proliferation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
12.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 425-430, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013933

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has been prevalent for three years. The virulence of SARS-CoV-2 is weaken as it mutates continuously. However, elderly patients, especially those with underlying diseases, are still at high risk of developing severe infections. With the continuous study of the molecular structure and pathogenic mechanism of SARS-CoV-2, antiviral drugs for COVID-19 have been successively marketed, and these anti-SARS-CoV-2 drugs can effectively reduce the severe rate and mortality of elderly patients. This article reviews the mechanism, clinical medication regimens, drug interactions and adverse reactions of five small molecule antiviral drugs currently approved for marketing in China, so as to provide advice for the clinical rational use of anti-SARS-CoV-2 in the elderly.

13.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 610-616, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013928

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-COV-2) has spread to more than 220 countries, including China. With the deepening of research on the viral molecular structure and pathogenesis of SARS-COV-2, various prevention strategies and treatment plans for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are being actively explored. Pharmaceutical companies and scientific research institutions in many countries or regions are also actively engaged in the research and development of COVID-19 vaccines. More than 300 COVID-19 vaccine candidates are currently under study globally, and more than 10 have entered phase III clinical trials or are authorized for emergency use. Five COVID-19 vaccines have been approved for use in China, including three inactivated vaccines, one type 5 adenovirus vector vaccine and one recombinant protein vaccine (from CHO cell). The COVID-19 vaccines developed by Oxford University/Astrazeneca and Johnson & Johnson are adenovirus vector vaccines. Emergency licensing of mRNA vaccines developed by Pfizer and BioNTech, and mRNA vaccines developed by Moderna also offer potential prospects for COVID-19 prevention and control. This article reviews the development and clinical application of COVID-19 vaccines.

14.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1222-1227, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013767

ABSTRACT

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most common and serious microvascular complications in patients with diabetes mellitus. Diabetic renal fibrosis ( DRF) is a major pathological change in the development of DN. In recent years the incidence of renal fibrosis (RF) has remained high. For diabetic patients, RF may expose them to kidney transplantation or even death, which brings a great burden to themselves and their families. Therefore, learning the pathogenesis and the current treat ment status of DRF is crucial for the treatment of the disease and the development of new drugs. Here we review the general situa¬tion of DN, the general situation, molecular mechanism, and the treatment of DRF,looking forward to providing a reference for the research and treatment of DRF.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012300

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical significance of endothelin A receptor (ETAR) expression in high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC). To design ETAR carboxyl terminal (ETAR-C) amino acids derived polypeptide and to study the inhibitory effect on ovarian epithelial carcinoma cells in vitro. Methods: (1) A total of 126 patients who received surgical treatment and were diagnosed with HGSOC by postoperative pathological examination in Central Hospital of Xuzhou from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2017 were selected. All patients had completed clinicopathological data and follow-up data. Cancer tissue samples were collected and ETAR mRNA expression in HGSOC tissues was detected by reverse transcript-PCR. The clinical significance was analyzed. (2) ETAR-C fusion polypeptide was designed based on the sequence of carboxyl terminal amino acids of ETAR, expressed and purified in vitro. The effects of ETAR-C fusion polypeptide on migration and invasion ability of ovarian cancer SKOV3 and CAOV3 cells were detected by scratch test and invasion test, respectively. The effect of ETAR-C fusion polypeptide on chemosensitivity of cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer SKOV3/cDDP and CAOV3/cDDP cells was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) colorimetric assay. The effect of ETAR-C fusion polypeptide on β-arrestin-1 expression in ovarian cancer SKOV3 and CAOV3 cells was detected by western blot. Results: (1) The relative expression level of ETAR mRNA in HGSOC tissues was 18.6±5.1. Patients with HGSOC were divided into high ETAR mRNA expression (n=76) and low ETAR mRNA expression (n=50) with 61.7% as cut-off value analyzed by X-Tile software. High expression of ETAR mRNA was significantly correlated with abdominal water volume, platinum drug resistance, and cancer antigen 125 (CA125) value in HGSOC patients (all P<0.05), but was not related to the age of patients with HGSOC and the size of postoperative residual lesions (all P>0.05). The 5-year progression free survival rates were 18.4% and 28.0%, and the 5-year overall survival rates were 38.2% and 52.0% in HGSOC patients with high and low ETAR mRNA expression respectively, there were statistically significant differences (P=0.046, P=0.034). (2) The results of scratch test and invasion test showed that the scratch healing rate and cell invasion rate of SKOV3 or CAOV3 cells treated with endothelin-1 (ET-1) and ET-1+ETAR-C were respectively compared, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). MTT assay showed that the inhibition rates of ETAR-C fusion polypeptide treated in SKOV3/cDDP and CAOV3/cDDP cells were significantly higher than those of control cells after the addition of 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 24 μg/ml cisplatin (all P<0.05). Western blot analysis showed that the relative expression levels of β-arrestin-1 in SKOV3 or CAOV3 cells treated with ET-1 and ET-1+ETAR-C were 1.85±0.09 and 1.13±0.09 (SKOV3 cells), 2.14±0.15 and 1.66±0.12 (CAOV3 cells), respectively. The differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusions: The prognosis of HGSOC patients with high expression of ETAR mRNA is significantly worse than those with low expression of ETAR mRNA. ETAR might be a new target for HGSOC treatment. The ETAR-C fusion polypeptide that interferes with the interaction of ETAR and β-arrestin-1 has good inhibitory effect on ovarian cancer cells in vitro, and might have clinical application potential.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Amino Acids/therapeutic use , beta-Arrestins/therapeutic use , Cell Line, Tumor , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Clinical Relevance , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Receptor, Endothelin A/therapeutic use , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011057

ABSTRACT

Bilateral vestibulopathy(BVP) is one of the common diseases in the vestibular nervous system, with an incidence rate of about 4%-7% in the population, which can lead to a variety of body dysfunctions. At present, there are two main treatment methods for BVP. One is vestibular rehabilitation. However, only part of BVP patients can finally benefit from vestibular rehabilitation, and most patients will remain with permanent vestibular dysfunction. Benefiting from the maturity of cochlear implant technology, European and American countries took the lead in the development of vestibular prosthesis(VP) technology to restore the vestibular function in patients with BVP. This review will focus on the development history, principles, future applications and the related research progress of VP in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bilateral Vestibulopathy/therapy , Cochlear Implants , Vestibule, Labyrinth , Cochlear Implantation , China
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007844

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to reveal the insomnia burden and relevant influencing factors among informal caregivers (ICs) of hospitalized patients with lung cancer.@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional study on ICs of hospitalized patients with lung cancer was conducted from December 31, 2020 to December 31, 2021. ICs' burden was assessed using the Caregiver Reaction Assessment (CRA), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). Linear and logistic regression models were used to identify the influencing factors.@*RESULTS@#Among 289 ICs of hospitalized patients with lung cancer, 83 (28.72%), 53 (18.34%), and 14 (4.84%) ICs experienced mild, moderate, and severe insomnia, respectively. The scores concerning self-esteem, lack of family support, financial problems, disturbed schedule, and health problems were 4.32 ± 0.53, 2.24 ± 0.79, 2.84 ± 1.14, 3.63 ± 0.77, and 2.44 ± 0.95, respectively. ICs with higher Activities of Daily Living Scale (ADLS) scores were associated with a lower risk of insomnia, with an odd ratio ( OR) and 95% confidence interval ( CI) of 0.940 (0.898-0.983). Among the ICs, female gender ( OR = 2.597), alcohol consumption ( OR = 3.745), underlying medical conditions ( OR = 11.765), long-term caregiving experience ( OR = 37.037), and higher monthly expenses ( OR = 5.714) were associated with a high risk of insomnia.@*CONCLUSION@#Of the hospitalized patients with lung cancer, 51.9% experienced insomnia. Patients' ADL, ICs gender, alcohol consumption, underlying medical conditions, caregiving duration, and monthly expenses were influencing factors. Therefore, prompt screening and early intervention for ICs of patients with lung cancer is necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Caregivers , Activities of Daily Living , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/epidemiology , Lung Neoplasms/epidemiology
18.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 274-278, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003852

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between occupational noise exposure and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, as well as prediabetes diagnosed by HbA1c. Methods A total of 1 181 workers from a cigarette factory were selected as the research subjects using a judgment sampling method. Workers were divided into control, low-level noise exposure and high-level noise exposure groups, consisting of 236, 359, and 586 individuals, respectively. The blood sample was collected for HbA1c test and occupation noise exposure intensity in workplace was detected by an area-sampling method. Results There were no statistical significant differences in HbA1c levels and prediabetes prevalence among the three groups of workers (all P>0.05). After adjusting for potential confounding factors such as years of service, gender, smoking, pack-years of smoking, alcohol consumption, and body mass index, multiple linear regression analysis showed that the high-level noise exposure group had higher HbA1c level than the control group (P<0.05). Multivariable logistic regression analysis results showed that the high-level noise exposure group had higher risk of prediabetes compared with the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Occupational noise exposure could be a risk factor for the increased HbA1c levels and prediabetes incidence among the occupational population. More attention should be paid to the effects of occupational noise exposure on the HbA1c level in occupational health surveillance.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 34-44, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970065

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Whether high cut-off (HCO) membranes are more effective than high-flux (HF) membranes in patients requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) remains controversial. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the efficacy of HCO membranes regarding the clearance of inflammation-related mediators, β2-microglobulin and urea; albumin loss; and all-cause mortality in patients requiring RRT.@*METHODS@#We searched all relevant studies on PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure, with no language or publication year restrictions. Two reviewers independently selected studies and extracted data using a prespecified extraction instrument. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included. Summary estimates of standardized mean differences (SMDs) or weighted mean differences (WMDs) and risk ratios (RRs) were obtained by fixed-effects or random-effects models. Sensitivity analyses and subgroup analyses were performed to determine the source of heterogeneity.@*RESULTS@#Nineteen RCTs involving 710 participants were included in this systematic review. Compared with HF membranes, HCO membranes were more effective in reducing the plasma level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) (SMD -0.25, 95% confidence interval (CI) -0.48 to -0.01, P   =  0.04, I2  = 63.8%); however, no difference was observed in the clearance of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) (SMD 0.03, 95% CI -0.27 to 0.33, P  = 0.84, I2  = 4.3%), IL-10 (SMD 0.22, 95% CI -0.12 to 0.55, P  = 0.21, I2  = 0.0%), or urea (WMD -0.27, 95% CI -2.77 to 2.23, P  = 0.83, I2  = 19.6%). In addition, a more significant reduction ratio of β 2 -microglobulin (WMD 14.8, 95% CI 3.78 to 25.82, P  = 0.01, I2  = 88.3%) and a more obvious loss of albumin (WMD -0.25, 95% CI -0.35 to -0.16, P  < 0.01, I2  = 40.8%) could be observed with the treatment of HCO membranes. For all-cause mortality, there was no difference between the two groups (risk ratio [RR] 1.10, 95% CI 0.87 to 1.40, P  = 0.43, I2  = 0.0%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with HF membranes, HCO membranes might have additional benefits on the clearance of IL-6 and β 2-microglobulin but not on TNF-α, IL-10, and urea. Albumin loss is more serious with the treatment of HCO membranes. There was no difference in all-cause mortality between HCO and HF membranes. Further larger high-quality RCTs are needed to strengthen the effects of HCO membranes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Albumins , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-6 , Renal Replacement Therapy/methods , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 557-562, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965776

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of P2Y2 agonist diquafosol sodium(DQS)eye drops in the treatment of diabetic dry eye.METHODS: A total of 80 patients(160 eyes)with diabetic dry eye who admitted to our hospital from January 2022 to March 2022 were selected. They were randomly divided into study group and control group. A total of 40 patients(80 eyes)in the study group were treated with 3% DQS eye drops and 40 patients(80 eyes)in the control group were treated with 0.3% sodium hyaluronate eye drops. The ocular surface disease index(OSDI)score, non-invasive tear meniscus height(NITMH), first non-invasive tear film break-up time(NIBUTf), average non-invasive tear film break-up time(NIBUTav), tarsal gland loss score, lipid layer thickness grade and bulbar redness analysis(including conjunctival grade and ciliary grade), were examined before treatment and at 1wk, 1 and 3mo after treatment, respectively. Furthermore, corneal fluorescence staining and conjunctival lissamine green staining were analyzed based on the ocular surface staining score(OSS), and the conjunctival impression cytology and confocal microscopy were evaluated before and 3mo after treatment, respectively.RESULTS: There were no differences in OSDI score, tarsal gland loss score, conjunctival grade score and ciliary grade score between the two groups before and after treatment(P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05). OSS scores in the study group were lower than those in the control group, while NITMH, NIBUTf and NIBUTav were higher than those in the control group at 1 and 3mo after treatment(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). After 3mo of treatment, the density of conjunctival goblet cells increased and corneal dendritic cells decreased in the study group compared with the baseline(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05), while there were no significant changes in the control group compared with the baseline(all P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION: 3% DQS eye drops were effective in treating diabetic dry eye without serious complications.

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