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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 772-777, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956734

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of radiomics analysis based on enhanced MRI in predicting the recurrence of acute pancreatitis (AP).Methods:From January 2017 to December 2020, 201 patients diagnosed with AP were collected retrospectively in the Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College. These patients underwent plain and enhanced MRI within 7 days after onset. After clinical follow-up, 102 cases were classified as non-recurrence AP group and 99 cases were classified as recurrent acute pancreatitis (RAP) group. They were divided into training set (140 cases, 71 cases in non-recurrence AP group, 69 cases in RAP group) and validation set (61 cases, 31 cases in non-recurrence AP group, 30 cases in RAP group) using a random number table method. The independent sample t-test, Mann-Whitney U test or χ 2 test were used to compare the clinical characteristics between the two groups, and the clinical characteristics with statistical differences were included in logistic regression to construct the clinical model. The quantitative features of radiomics were extracted based on the late arterial-phase images of contrast-enhanced MRI. The best radiomics features retained after dimensionality reduction were used to construct the radiomics model through logistic regression analysis, and a combined model was constructed by combining the clinical features. The prediction ability of the models was evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic curve, and the area under the curve (AUC) was compared by DeLong test. Results:There were statistical differences in gender, severity, local complications, hyperlipidemia and smoking between non-recurrence AP group and RAP group (all P<0.05). Hyperlipidemia was an independent risk factor for AP recurrence (OR=5.236, 95%CI 2.710-10.101). The 9 best radiomics features by dimensionality reduction were selected to construct a radiomics model. The AUCs of clinical model, radiomics model and combined model in the training set were 0.803, 0.944 and 0.978 respectively, and those in the validation set were 0.678, 0.940 and 0.955 respectively. In the training set and the validation set, the prediction ability of the radiomics model and combined model were higher than those of the clinical model (training set: Z=3.28, 4.83, P=0.001,<0.001; validation set: Z=3.48, 4.05, both P<0.001). Conclusions:The radiomics model based on late arterial-phase enhanced MRI has good quantitative prediction ability for the recurrence of AP, which can provide a reference for the prevention and treatment of RAP.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811497

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Comparing the benefit of Abidor, lopinavir/ritonavir and recombinant interferon α-2b triple combination antiviral therapy and lopinavir/ritonavir and interferon dual combination antiviral therapy to hospitalized novel coronavirus pneumonia 2019 in Zhejiang province.@*Methods@#A multi-center prospective study was carried out to compare the effect of triple combination antiviral therapy with dual combination antiviral therapy in 15 medical institutions of Zhejiang Province. All patients were treated with recombinant interferon α-2b (5 million U, 2 times/d) aerosol inhalation. 196 patients were treated with abidol (200 mg, 3 times/d) + lopinavir / ritonavir (2 tablets, 1 time/12 h) as the triple combination antiviral treatment group. 41 patients were treated with lopinavir / ritonavir (2 tablets, 1 time/12 h) as the dual combination antiviral treatment group. The patients who received triple combination antiviral therapy were divided into three groups: within 48 hours, 3-5 days and > 5 days after the symptom onset. To explore the therapeutic effects of triple combination antiviral drugs and dual combination antiviral drugs, as well as triple combination antiviral drugs with different antiviral initiate time. SPSS17.0 software was used to analyze the data.@*Results@#The time of virus nucleic acid turning negative was (12.2 ± 4.7) days in the triple combination antiviral drug group, which was shorter than that in the dual combination antiviral drug group [(15.0 ± 5.0) days] (t = 6.159, P < 0.01 ). The length of hospital stay [12 (9, 17) d] in the triple combination antiviral drug group was also shorter than that in the dual combination antiviral drug group [15 (10, 18) d] (H = 2.073, P < 0.05). Comparing the antiviral treatment which was started within 48 hours, 3-5 days and > 5 days after the symptom onset of triple combination antiviral drug group, the time from the symptom onset to the negative of viral shedding was 13 (10,16.8), 17 (13,22) and 21 (18-24) days respectively (Z = 32.983, P < 0.01), and the time from antiviral therapy to the negative of viral shedding was (11.8±3.9) , (13.5±5.1) and (11.2±4.3) d. The differences among the three groups were statistically significant (Z=32.983 and 6.722, P<0.01 or<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The triple combination antiviral therapy of Abidor, Lopinavir/Litonavir and recombinant interferon α-2b showed shorter viral shedding time and hospitalization time compared with the dual combination antiviral therapy. The earlier the time to initiate triple antiviral treatment, the shorter the time of virus shedding.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869304

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors of fatal outcome in patients with severe COVID-19.Methods:The clinical characteristics of 107 patients with severe COVID-19 admitted in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from February 12 to March 12, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. During the hospitalization 49 patients died (fatal group) and 58 patients survived (survival group). The clinical characteristics, baseline laboratory findings were analyzed using R and Python statistical software. The risk factors of fatal outcome in patients with severe COVID-19 were analyzed with multivariate logistic regression.Results:Univariate analysis showed that the two groups had statistically significant differences in age, clinical classification, dry cough, dyspnea and laboratory test indicators ( P<0.05 or <0.01). The random forest model was used to rank the significance of the statistically significant variables in the univariate analysis, and the selected variables were included in the binary logistic regression model. After stepwise regression analysis, the patient’s clinical type, age, neutrophil count, and the proportion of CD3 cells are independent risk factors for death in severe COVID-19 patients. Dry cough is an independent protective factor for the death of severe COVID-19 patients. Conclusion:COVID-19 patients with fatal outcome are more likely to have suppressed immune function, secondary infection and inflammatory factor storm. These factors may work together in severe patients, leading to intractable hypoxemia and multiple organ dysfunction and resulting in fatal outcome of patients. The study indicates that timely intervention and treatment measures against above factors may be effective to save the lives of patients with severe COVID-19.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869301

ABSTRACT

The infectious disease outpatient service as a frontier is an important fulcrum of public health service. Its standardized construction is an important support for ensuring medical safety, reducing nosocomial infections, and controlling the epidemic of infectious diseases. The sub-specialty outpatient service of infection diseases includes fever outpatient service, intestinal outpatient service, tuberculosis outpatient service, AIDS outpatient service, liver disease outpatient service, etc. According to the characteristics of each subspecialty outpatient service and combining with clinical practice, we elaborated the setting norms of subspecialty outpatient service for common infectious diseases from the perspective of planning and design, building layout, equipment and facilities configuration, staffing, daily management and demonstration.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869282

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of the combination of abidol, lopinavir/ritonavir plus recombinant interferon α-2b (rIFNα-2b) and the combination of lopinavir/ritonavir plus rIFNα-2b for patients with COVID-19 in Zhejiang province.Methods:A multicenter prospective study was carried out to compare the efficacy of triple combination antiviral therapy and dual combination antiviral therapy in 15 medical institutions of Zhejiang province during January 22 to February 16, 2020. All patients were treated with rIFNα-2b (5 million U, 2 times/d) aerosol inhalation, in addition 196 patients were treated with abidol (200 mg, 3 times/d) + lopinavir/ritonavir (2 tablets, 1 time/12 h) (triple combination group) and 41 patients were treated with lopinavir/ritonavir (2 tablets, 1 time/12 h) (dual combination group). The patients who received triple combination antiviral therapy were further divided into three subgroups: <48 h, 3-5 d and >5 d according the time from the symptom onset to medication starting. The therapeutic efficacy was compared between triple combination group and dual combination group, and compared among 3 subgroups of patients receiving triple combination antiviral therapy. SPSS 17.0 software was used to analyze the data.Results:The virus nucleic acid-negative conversion time in respiratory tract specimens was (12.2±4.7) d in the triple combination group, which was shorter than that in the dual combination group [(15.0±5.0) d] ( t=6.159, P<0.01). The length of hospital stay in the triple combination group [12.0 (9.0, 17.0) d] was also shorter than that in the dual combination group [15.0 (10.0, 18.0) d] ( H=2.073, P<0.05). Compared with the antiviral treatment which was started within after the symptom onset of in the triple combination group, the time from the symptom onset to the viral negative conversion was 13.0 (10.0, 17.0), 17.0 (13.0, 22.0) and 21.0 (18.0, 24.0) d in subgroups of 48 h, 3-5 d and >5 d, respectively ( Z=32.983, P<0.01), while the time from antiviral therapy to viral negative conversion was (11.8±3.9), (13.5±5.1) and (11.2±4.3) d, respectively( Z=6.722, P<0.05). Conclusions:The triple combination antiviral therapy of abidol, lopinavir/litonavir and rIFNα-2b shows shorter viral shedding time and shorter hospitalization time, compared with the dual combination antiviral therapy; and the earlier starting triple combination antiviral therapy will result in better antiviral efficacy.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791695

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of oral compound carbohydrate drinks before operation on the postoperative recovery of gastrointestinal function in the patients undergoing gynecological laparoscopic operation.Methods Ninety American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients,aged 18-64 yr,with body mass index of 18-25 kg/m2,scheduled for elective gynecological laparoscopic operation under general anesthesia,were divided into 3 groups (n =30 each) using a random number table method:routine fasting and water deprivation group (group C),preoperative intravenous infusion of glucose group (group Ⅴ),and oral compound carbohydrate drinks group (group O).In group Ⅴ,5% glucose solution 8 ml/kg was intravenously injected over 30 min starting from 3 h before operation.In group O,compound carbohydrate drinks 355 ml was given orally within 30 min starting from 3 h before operation.The occurrence of reflux or aspiration,recovery time of bowel sounds and time of passing flatus/defecating time were recorded.The occurrence of nausea,vomiting and bloating was recorded within 48 h after operation.The levels of plasma motilin (MTL) and serum gastrin (GAS) were determined using radioimmunoassay at 6 h before and after operation.The area of gastric antrum was measured before anesthesia induction.Anxiety was assessed using Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) at 1 h before operation and 4 and 24 h after operation.Results No patients developed reflux or aspiration.Compared with group C,the recovery time of bowel sounds and time of passing flatus/defecating time were significantly shortened,the incidence of nausea,vomiting and bloating was decreased,the levels of plasma MTL and serum GAS were increased at 6 h after operation,and SAS scores were decreased at 4 and 24 h after operation in group O,and SAS scores were significantly decreased at 1 h before operation (P<0.05),and no significant changes were observed in the other indexes in group Ⅴ (P>0.05).Compared with group Ⅴ,the recovery time of bowel sounds and time of passing flatus/defecating time were significantly shortened,the incidence of nausea,vomiting and bloating was decreased,the levels of plasma MTL and serum GAS were increased at 6 h after operation,and SAS scores were decreased at 1 h before operation and 4 and 24 h after operation in group O (P<0.05).Conclusion Oral compound carbohydrate drinks 355 ml at 3 h before operation can promote the postoperative recovery of gastrointestinal function without increasing the risk of reflux or aspiration in the patients undergoing gynecological laparoscopic operation.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813149

ABSTRACT

To observe the protective effect of alpha-mangostin (α-MG) on focal segmental glomurular sclerosis (FSGS) induced by adriamycin.
 Methods: Adriamycin nephropathy (AN) model was induced by adriamycin (10 mg/kg) via a tail vein. Then the mice were treated with α-MG (12.5 mg/kg) or normal salin once daily for 6 weeks. At the end of 6 weeks, the mice were sacrificed, and the kidneys and blood samples were collected. Histopathology of the kidneys were analyzed under the optical microscope. The serum levels of biochemical indicators, such as serum creatinine (SCr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and cholesterol were determined. The levels of superoxide anion, malondialdehyde (MDA), and glutathione (GSH), the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) in kidney tissues were determined. Serum levels of IL-1β, IL-18, IL-10 and adiponectin were determined. The levels of TGF-β1, collagen I (Col I), α-SMA, silent information regulator 1 (Sirt1) and the nucleotide-binding domain (NOD)-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) in kidney tissues were determined using immunohistochemical staining, Western blot, and RT-PCR.
 Results: The levels of SCr, proteinuria, urine protein to creatinine ratio and serum cholesterol were attenuated in AN mice after α-MG treatment, while creatinine clearance rate and serum albumin were upregulated (P<0.05). α-MG treatment alleviated the glomerular and interstitial fibrosis, downregulated the expression of fibrosis markers, such as Col I and α-SMA (P<0.05). α-MG treatment reduced the production of superoxide anion, the levels of MDA and GSH, and increased the activity of CAT and SOD (P<0.05). α-MG treatment inhibitd the generation of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-1β and IL-18 and promoted the production of anti-inflammatory cytokines, such as the IL-10 and adiponectin (P<0.05); α-MG treatment promoted the expression of Sirt1, inhibitd the expression of NLRP3 in kidney tissues (P<0.05).
 Conclusion: α-MG could attenuates FSGS of mice induced by adriamycin ameliorate and improve renal function. α-MG exerts its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects by up-regulation the expression of Sirt1 and suppression of NLRP3.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Disease Models, Animal , Doxorubicin , Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental , Kidney , Mice, Inbred NOD , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Xanthones , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1130-1138, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342410

ABSTRACT

Routine protein assays are usually affected with various compounds, and we need to use different protein quantification protocol to deal with different interference. In order to simplify the procedure, we developed a new method, in which the components and concentrations of the reagents were modified mainly based on classic Folin-Ciocalteu's reagent for reducing the susceptibility to interfering substances. Standard curves of the new method were established with different levels of bovine serum albumin, and then, we assessed and evaluated the detectable wavelengths and stability. In particular, the tolerability to several interfering substances was analyzed by using cytolysis solutions containing different chemicals. Our data in this study show that the new method could be applied to detecting protein concentrations accurately, even in the presence of surfactants such as 10% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), 2% NP-40, or 1% TrintonX-100, chelators of 25 mmol/L EDTA or 1 mmol/L Ethylene glycol bis (2-aminoethyl) tetraacetic acid (EGTA), reductants of 1 mmol/L Dithiothretol (DTT) orbeta-Mercaptoethanol (ME), or nitrogen-containing compounds of 0.5 mol/L ammonium sulphate or 4 mol/L urea. Taken together, these results indicate that the new approach significantly improves the tolerance to the interfering substances, which could be potentially useful in measuring the contents of proteins interfered with such substances.


Subject(s)
Animals , Edetic Acid , Chemistry , Egtazic Acid , Chemistry , Indicators and Reagents , Chemistry , Molybdenum , Chemistry , Proteins , Serum Albumin, Bovine , Surface-Active Agents , Chemistry , Tungsten Compounds , Chemistry
9.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 324-327, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414319

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect of clostridium perfringens by qPCR in mouse models and a clinical case in order to offer early diagnosis.Methods 40 Kunming mice were randomly grouped and intramuscular injected clostridium perfringens type A in leg 0.1 ml(3.5 × 109cfu/ml or 3.5 × 108cfu/ml or 3.5× 107cfu/ml,diluted with saline),while control group was injected with 9% sodium chloride 0.1ml.The mouse models and a clinical case were detected by qPCR.Results The death rate of 3.5 × 109,3.5 × 108,3.5 × 107cfu/ml and the blank group were 90%,70%,10% and 0% after intramuscular injection for 72 h spectively.The mean Ct values among these groups were 21.21 ±2.69,28.45 ±2.74,32.49 ±2.87 and 0.00 ± 0.00(P < 0.05).The Ct values of the patient were 30.67 and 30.44.Conclusions Cclostridium perfringens could be successful identified with qPCR in mouse models when the mice still did not show any symptoms.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-573840

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relation of changes of fetal bile acid and morphologic ultrastructure of human placental syncytial cells in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). Methods(Total bile acid of cord venous blood was measured by cycle enzyme method between intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy and control groups after birth. The ultrastructure of human placental syncytial cell was analyzed by morphologic study in two groups. Results (1) The total bile acid of cord venous blood in ICP group was significantly higher than in control group[(8.6?3.2) ?mol/L vs (4.6?1.5)?mol/L ](P0.05). The average volume, surface area density and volume density of mitochondrion in ICP group [respectively (0.0200?0.0020) ?m~3,(0.600?0.010) ?m~2/?m~3,(0.0800?0.0090)?m~3/?m~3] were significantly enlarged than in control group [respectively (0.0100?0.0050)?m~3, (0.500?0.030) ?m~2/?m~3,(0.0500?0.0020) ?m~3/?m~3](P0.05). Conclusion In ICP, high levels of bile acids may impair cellular organelle, resulting in abnormality of physiological function of syncytial cells, and affecting the synthesis and transportation functions of placenta.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-552144

ABSTRACT

Objective To diagnose the infection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa early. Methods Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to amplify the fragment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa OprI gene. The fragment was determined by HaeⅢ and PvuⅡ digestion, and sequencing analyses. Results It showed that 96 of 223 specimens were cultured to be positive with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 96 of which had expectant streaks. Otherwise the other specimens had no positive streaks. The procedure needed only 4 hours. The PCR products were determined by ribonuclease HaeⅢ and PvuⅡ , and resulted in two small fragments with 49bp and 112bp separately. By automatic sequencing analysis, the coincidence rate with the gene bank was 100%. Conclusions The results indicates that the OprI gene detection by PCR is a specific, sensitive and quick technique for the diagnosis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection.

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