Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 19 de 19
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911731

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship of HRAS gene mutation and lymph node metastasis and ultrasonographic characteristics in differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC).Methods:The clinical data of 162 patients with DTCs who underwent thyroidectomy and confirmed by postoperative pathological examination in Beijing Friendship Hospital from January 2014 to February 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 139 patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC group) and 23 patients with follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC group); the PTC were further classified as classic variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (CVPTC, n=34), follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC, n=36) and tall cell variant (TCV, n=69). Tissue HRAS mutation frequency was detected in 162 DTC patients and 19 patients with follicular adenoma (FA); blood HRAS mutation frequency was detected in 195 healthy subjects. The correlation between HRAS mutation (IVS1-82del gctgggcctggg) and cervical lymph node metastasis was analyzed, and the ultrasonographic characteristics of DTC patients were also analyzed. Results:The frequency of HRAS mutation in DTC patients was higher than that in healthy controls[37.0%(60/162) vs. 26.2%(51/195), χ2=4.538, P=0.03], while there was no significant difference between FTC and FA [39.1%(9/23) vs. 5/19, χ2=0.769, P=0.38]. In DTC patients there was no significant difference in cervical lymph node metastasis between HRAS mutation group and wild type group [57.3% (43/75) vs. 42.6% (32/75), χ2=1.898, P=0.16]. Among CVPTC, FVPTC and TCV patients, the rates of cervical lymph node metastasis were 7/12, 8/14 and 48.0% (12/25) in HRAS mutation group, while those were 50.0% (11/22), 40.9% (9/22) and 43.1% (19/44) in wild-type group, respectively (χ2=1.009, P=0.98).There were 9 patients with HRAS mutation in FTC group, and the cervical lymph node metastasis in mutation group and wild-type group was 5/9 and 4/14, respectively ( P=0.38). The ultrasonographic characteristics of PTC patients with HRAS mutation were more likely to have clear boundaries [66.7%(34/51) vs. 42.0%(37/88); χ 2=7.833, P<0.01] and not close to the membrane[84.3%(43/51) vs. 65.9%(58/88);χ2=5.506, P=0.02]. Conclusion:DTC patients are more likely to have HRAS (IVS1-82del gctgggcctggg) mutation, and the ultrasonic characteristics of DTC patients with HRAS mutation are likely to have clear boundaries and be not close to the membrane.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745148

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation of BRAF mutation frequency with cervical lymph node metastasis ,and to compare the ultrasonic characteristics in patients with BRAF mutation in papillary thyroid carcinoma ( PTC) different subtypes . Methods The tumor samples were collected from 139 PTC patients who underwent thyroidectomy . And they were classified by histological subtype into 3 groups:classic variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (CVPTC) group( 34 cases) ,follicular variant of papillary thyroidcarcinoma (FVPTC) group(36 cases) ,tall cell variant (TCV) group(69 cases) . The BRAF mutation frequency and the correlation with cervical lymph node metastasis among 3 groups were analyzed , then the ultrasonic characteristics with BRAF mutation in PTC different subtypes were compared . Results①The frequency of BRAF mutation was statistically significant different in different subtypes( χ2 =6 .390 , P =0 .041) ,and the frequency in TCV was 86 .9% . There was also a statistical difference between BRAF mutation frequency and cervical lymph node metastasis among three subtypes ( χ2 = 13 .106 , P =0 .041) .②There was no statistically significant difference among the three groups in nodule number ,echo level , internal structure ,boundary ,crossbar ,morphology and acoustic halo of patients with BRAF mutation ( P >0 .05) . ③ A single factor analysis was performed for the ultrasonographic characteristics of patients with BRAF mutation ,and there were significant statistical differences among the 3 groups in calcification type (χ2 = 21 .7 , P = 0 .001 ) and close to the envelope (χ2 = 7 .726 , P = 0 .021 ) . ④ Multivariate logistic regression showed that BRAF mutation was an independent influence factor affecting the calcification type of different histological subtypes in PTC patients.Conclusions ①BRAF mutation is correlated with cervical lymph node metastasis in different PTC subtypes . ② BRAF mutation is an independent influence factor affecting the morphology type of different calcification subtypes in PTC . The CVPTC group is mainly microcalcification ,and the TCV group is mainly macrocalcification .

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514558

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze thyroid papillary carcinoma (PTMC) neck lymph node metastasis (LNM) related factors,and further to explore the diagnostic value of ultrasonography in LNM.Methods A retrospective analysis of 384 cases of patients with PTMC confirmed by pathology and ultrasonic data were performed,according to the presence of cervical lymph node metastasis,they were divided into transfer group (116 cases) and nontransfer group (268 cases).Analysis was made to summarize the clinical and sonographic features of the two groups.Chi-square test and the multi-factor Logistic regression analysis were used to study the risk factors.Results ①The single factor analysis of sonographic features showed that the factors of gender (X 2 = 3.893,P = 0.048),age (P = 0.001),tumor diameter (P = 0.008), boundary(X 2 =6.327,P =0.012),acoustic halo (X2 = 15.562,P =0.001),and place (X 2 =9.441 ,P =0.024) were statistical different between the two groups;②Multiariable Logistic regression analysis showed that:patient age,tumor diameter,and acoustic halo were independent risk factors for PTMC neck lymph node metastasis,if Logistic model was used to predict the probability P =0.50 as a threshold,its accuracy was 74.2%,and the area under the ROC curve was 0.744.Conclusions Patients with age ≤ 45 years, tumor diameter ≥ 0.7 cm,located in the lower pole,boundary with uneven acoustic halo,were prone to LNM,and easy to Ⅵ area,suggest preventive cleaning lymph node in central region.

4.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 62-65, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508646

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular disease is the first cause of death in Chinese residents. Arterial elasticity is an important and independent predictor for mortality of cardiovascular disease, and pulse wave velocity (PWV) is the most frequently used measurement index. It has been widely used in clinical practice. Traditional methods detecting PWV have some disadvantages, such as arteries distribution not clear, branch affect and only obtain global and average, instead of regional PWV. Now, the measurement of local pulse wave velocity has played an important role in the study of arterial elasticity. The common methods of detecting regional pulse wave velocity include echo tracking technique, UltraFast imaging technique and pulse wave imaging technique. This article reviews the recent advances in pulse wave velocity evaluating vascular elasticity.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637087

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the diagnostic value of sonographic “Leopard pattern” sign in breast hyperplasia.MethodsTwo hundred and twenty-three female patients in Beijing Friendship Hospital from October 2012 to April 2013 were choosen. All the cases were diagnosed as mammary gland hyperplasia clinically, and their breast ultrasound images show the breast imaging-reporting and data system (BI-RADS) grad was 0 or 1. These patients were divided into 3 groups according to their age, Group A: 20 to 35 age (36 cases), Group B: 36 to 50 age (102 cases), and Group C: order than 50 year-old (85 cases). The pathological diagnosis were obtained by ultrasound guided breast biopsy. With pathological diagnosis as the gold standard and “Leopard sign” as ultrasound diagnostic criteria, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated. The consistency between the ultrasonic and the pathological diagnosis were analyzed by Kappa statistical test.ResultThe diagnostic consistency test of the total sample of 223 cases: in terms of the ultrasonic Leopard sign” for the diagnosis of breast hyperplasia, the sensitivity was 69% (59/85),the specificity was 46% (64/138), the accuracy was 55% (123/223), the positive predictive value was 44% (59/133), the negative predictive value was 71% (64/90), the consistency was poor (Kappa=0.14,P<0.05). Group A:the sensitivity was 90% (18/20), the specificity was 50% (8/16),the accuracy was 72% (26/36), the positive predictive value was 69% (18/26), the negative predictive value was 80% (8/10), the consistency was good (Kappa=0.42, P<0.05);Group B:the sensitivity was 70% (33/47), the specificity was 49% (27/55),the accuracy was 59% (60/102), the positive predictive value was 54% (33/61), the negative predictive value was 66% (27/41), the consistency was poor (Kappa=0.19,P<0.05); Group C: the sensitivity was 44% (8/18), the specificity was 43% (29/67), the accuracy was 44% (37/85), the positive predictive value was 17% (8/46), the negative predictive value was 74% (29/39), the consistency was poor (Kappa=0.08,P<0.05).Conclusion“Leopard pattern” sign is not suitable as an independent standard in diagnosing breast hyperplasia disease.

6.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 66-68, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483780

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of static ultrasound elastography on the elastic modulus of normal breast tissue.Methods: (1)Fifteen cases of normal breasts was tested by static ultrasound elastography at the same locations. Intercepted two pictures each time with one stress-free and the other compressed the maximum amount. For these two cases we measured the breast thickness and calculated the minimum stretch ratios(λ). (2)Fifty breasts with no breast nodules were prospectively enrolled in the study. Intercepted two pictures each time with one stress-free and the other compressed to the minimum stretch ratios(λ). For these two cases we measured the Elastic modulus (E0, Em, kPa). Calculate the elastic modulus change ratio (Rm/0).Results: (1)The minimum stretch ratio caused by static ultrasound elastography was 0.74±0.07. (2)The elastic modulus change ratio of static ultrasound elastography was 4.38±1.72. Conclusion: The normal operation of static ultrasound elastography caused 74 percent deformation in normal breast tissue. There was 4.38 times elastic modular increasing caused by 74 percent deformation in normal breast tissue.

7.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 102-104,105, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602868

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic value of 18G and 16G needle biopsy of breast lesions.Methods: Onr hundred and fifteen patients with breast lesions those were excised through surgery. Each lesion was under ultrasound-guided needle biopsy(US-CNB) with 18G and 16G, then underwent surgical resection of mass and pathological histology. Histological findings of US-CNB and the surgical specimens were analyzed for sensitivities, false negative rates, and underestimate rates.Results: Among 84 cases of breast cancer proved by surgical pathology, the sensitivity, specificity, false negative rate of 18G and 16G biopsy diagnosis were followed by 95.2% and 97.6%, 89.6% and 94.3%, 4.8% and 2.4%. Paired chi-square test showed no significant difference between the two methods.Conclusion: 18G and 16G needle biopsy has no significant difference in the diagnosis of breast lesions.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448012

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the relationship between pulse wave velocity(PWV) and carotid atherosclerosis by UltraFast imaging.Methods 476 cases from Medical Examination Center of Beijing Friendship Hospital were enrolled in this study.According to intima-media thickness(IMT) of carotid artery,all subjects were divided into two groups:IMT without thickening group (G0) of 283 cases and IMT thickening group (G1) of 193 cases.Through UltraFast imaging,carotid artery PWV was measured,including the PWV at the beginning of the systole(BS) and the PWV at the ending of the systole(ES).Carotid IMT and plaque situation were recorded under gray-scale ultrasound.BS and ES were compared between the two groups.Spearman rank correlation was used to analyse the correlation between IMT of carotid artery and BS,between IMT of carotid artery and ES.Two independent samples t test to compare BS,ES between the two groups.Results BS of G1 and G0 were (6.03 ± 1.33)m/s and (5.51 ± 1.13)m/s,t =-4.571,P =0.000;ES of G1 and G0 were (8.42 ± 2.13)m/s and (7.34 ± 2.02) m/s,t =5.619,P =0.000.BS and ES of G1 were larger those of G0 respectively.BS (r =0.192,P =0.000) and ES (r =0.249,P =0.000) were correlated with the IMT of carotid artery.Conclusions Ultrafast imaging technique can quickly measure the carotid artery PWV.BS and ES of carotid artery can be quick,convenient,safe,noninvasive parameters for evaluating carotid atherosclerosis.

9.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 540-543, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441148

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (CNB) in diagnosis of thyroid nodules.Methods The clinical data of 395 patients with thyroid nodules who underwent ultrasound-guided CNB were retrospectively analyzed,and the results of CNB pathology of 278 patients who endured surgery were compared with postoperative wax pathology results.Results All patients completed CNB successfully and satisfaction rate for tissue samples was 100%.Local hematoma occurred in one case and relieved by conservative therapy.The CNB pathology results of 278 cases of patients were as follows:92 cases were malignancy,including 91 cases of papillary thyroid carcinoma,lcase of medullary thyroid carcinoma; 182 cases were benign,including lcase of parathyroid adenoma,48 cases of adenoma,and 133 cases of nodular goitre and other nodular affection.In 278 patients who underwent surgery,the CNB pathology results in 273 cases,including 90 malignancy cases and 183 benign cases,were consistent with postoperative wax pathology results and false positive occurred in 1 cases,ambiguous occurred in 4 cases.So the accuracy,sensibility,specificity,missed diagnosis rate,and misdiagnosis rate of ultrasound-guided CNB for differential diagnosis of thyroid malignant nodules from benign nodules were 98.20% (273/278),95.79% (91/95),99.45% (182/183),4.21% (4/95) and 0.55% (1/183).Conclusion Ultrasound-guided CNB has important value on differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules.It is safe and effective.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426138

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo assessment the value of strain ratio(SR) in differentiating benign and malignant breast lesions of BI-RADS Ⅳ diagnosed by conventional ultrasound.MethodsElastosonography was performed on 64 patients with breast lesions of BI-RADS Ⅳ diagnosed by conventional ultrasound.SR (strainnormal neighboring tissues /strainbreast lesion) was calculated by the software equipped with the ultrasonic machine.Pathology of the lesions after biopsy or operation was considered as standard,SRs of benign and malignant breast lesions were compared with independent-samples t test.The diagnostic value of SR was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.Results SRs of 34 benign breast lesions and 30 malignant breast lesions were 2.85 ± 1.30 and 5.03 ± 2.50 respectively,there was significant difference between them( t =- 4.29,P =0.000).Area under the curve of diagnosing benign and malignant of breast lesions was 0.875 for SR( P <0.0001).If the cut-off point of SR was 3.26,the sensitivity in differentiating breast lesions was 83.33%,while the specificity was 82.35%.Conclusions SR is a helpful elasticity parameter for differentiating benign and malignant breast lesions of BI-RADS Ⅳ diagnosed by conventional ultrasound.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425179

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate hepatic perfusion assessed by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) for predicting cirrhosis accurately and non-invasively.Methods Forty patients with cirrhosis and twenty-five healthy controls were given CEUS examination,and time-intensity curves were drawn as the regions of interest located in liver parenchyma by using QLAB analyzing soft.The parameters of the two groups as follows:intensity of arterial perfusion (Iap),intensity of total perfusion of liver parenchyma (Ipeak),intensity of portal venous perfusion (Ipp),the ratio of portal venous perfusion and total perfusion (Ipp/Ipeak) were compared by independent-samples t test,and the diagnostic value of parameters were analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Resnlts Iap was bigger,while Ipp,Ipp/Ipeak were smaller in patients than that in controls( P <0.001 ).But there was no significant difference on Ipeak between the two groups.When Iap,Ipp,Ipp/Ipeak were used for the diagnosis of cirrhosis,the sensitivity were 67.3 %,92.7%,96.4% and the specificity were 80.0%,96.0%,92.3%,respectively.Conclusions CEUS can reflect the changes of the blood perfusion of cirrhotic liver.CEUS parameters Iap,Ipp,Ipp/Ipeak are significant different between the two groups and can be the non-invasive diagosis parameters of cirrhosis.

12.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 599-601, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420326

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the clinical value of ultrasound-guided popliteal vein puncture in the treatment of lower extremity deep venous thrombosis.Method We performed ultrasound-guided catheterization through popliteal vein in 71 patients with lower extremity deep venous thrombosis who were supposed to receive catheter-directed thrombolysis.Results Catheter sheathes were successfully inserted in 69 patients.No severe complication was observed.and a good curative effect after the treatmeut of thrombolysis and anticoagulation was found.Insertions of guide-wires failed in 2 patients because of organizatioo of the thrombus.Conclusion Ultrasound-guided popliteal vein puncture is safe and easy to operate,and is worth popularizing.

13.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 605-608, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421511

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveOne hunred and twenty-four To probe into application value of ultrasound guided Catheterization in internal jugular vein. MethodsOne hundrel and twenty-four guided by ultrasound puncture holder, single-channel or three-channel catheter was embedded into jugular vein. ResultsThe catheter was inserted successfully by only one procedure in all the 124 patients. There was no complication. ConclusionsThe catheterization becomes safer, convenient and quickly with ultrasound puncture holder guidance, decreasing failure rate and complication of the procedure.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385738

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the feasibility of non-invasive quantitative evaluation of hepatic fibrosis by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) parameters. Methods CEUS of liver and liver biopsy were performed in 86 patients. CEUS parameters including area under curve of portal vein/hepatic artery(Qp/Qa) ,perfusion intensity of portal vein/hepatic artery(Ip/Ia), decreasing rate of liver parenchyma perfusion (β) and perfusion time of portal vein (Tp) were calculated based on CEUS images. Differences of the four parameters among stages of hepatic fibrosis were analyzed by ANOVA and Spearman rank correlation test was applied to analyze correlation between parameters and hepatic fibrosis stages. Areas under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were calculated to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of parameters. Results Tp and β had increasing tend while Ip/Ia and Qp/Qa had declining tend from S0 to S4.They were significantly correlated with fibrosis stage( P <0.05=. The areas under ROC curves of Ip/Ia were 0.931 (≥S1) ,0.884(≥S2 ) ,0.820(≥S3 ) and 0.846(S4 ) respectively. The areas under ROC curves of Qp/Qa were 0.914(≥S1),0.813(≥S2),0.845(≥S3) and0.869 (S4) respectively. Conclusions CEUS parameters of liver parenchyma Ip/la, Qp/Qa, Tp and β are related to fibrosis stages. Ip/Ia and Qp/Qa provide a reliable,non-invasive method for evaluating fibrosis stages.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395258

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety and efficiency of large-dose alcohol sclerotherapy in treating simple hepatic cyst. Methods Patients with hepatic cyst were divided into two groups. One group with 49 patients was treated with small-dose (<80 ml) absolute alcohol instillation. The other one with 32 patients was treated with large-dose (≥80 ml) absolute alcohol instillation. Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) was recorded right after and 30 rain, 1 h,2 h,3 h after the treatment. Diameter of cyst as a parameter of efficiency was recorded and compared between two groups during 1 year follow-up visit. Results Large-dose group was significantly more efficient in treating hepatic cyst than small-dose group. All BAC records were within the safe range and below the legal limit after drinking. BAC reached its peak 30 minutes after the treatment began and then decreased gradually. A significant correlation was found between BAC and the alcohol dosage. Conclusions Ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy with repeated large-dose absolute alcohol instillation is a safe and efficient treatment for simple hepatic cyst from the perspective of BAC.

16.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 1048-1050, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397288

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of contrast-enhanced uhrasound(CEUS)for liver fibrosis.Methods Ninty-two chronic hepatitis B patients with histology diagnosis and fifteen health control were detected by CEUS,dynamic images and the time-intensity curve were analyed.Results Hepatic veinartery transit(HV-ATT)became shorter in the early hepatic cirrhosis patients [(7.5±2.1)s]compared to the control[(11.8±2.7)s].However,there was no difference between the fibrosis patients [(13.0±2.2)s]and the control.Furthermore,HV-ATT of the fibrosis patients with S1 to S3 stage were(11.7±2.7)s(S1),(11.8±3.0)S(S2),(11.8±2.3)s(S3)without significant difference.Conclusions CEUS is valuable in diagnosing earlier hepatic cirrhosis,but not fibrosis.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 338-340, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276576

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical and histopathological features of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical, laboratory, as well as histological features of 27 cases of PBC were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The male to female ratio was 1:8 (3:24), aged from 22 to 69 years. The main clinical manifestations included: fatigue (62.9%, 17/27), jaundice (59.2%, 16/27) and pruritus (29.6%, 8/27), with all of patients having markedly elevated serum alkaline phosphatase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase and 95.8% (23/27) of the patients being positive for anti-mitochondrial antibody (AMA). The main histopathological changes were: necroinflammation of interlobular bile ducts (100%, 27/27), lymphocyte aggregation or lymphocyte follicles (15%, 4/27), granuloma (26%, 7/27), decreased number of interlobular bile ducts and smaller bile duct proliferation (55%, 15/27), feathery degeneration of hepatocytes (59%, 16/27); bilirubinostasis in hepatocytes and/or canaliculi (52%, 14/27); fibrosis and distortion of lobules (26%, 7/27), pseudolobular formation (11%, 3/27).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The main clinical features of PBS are fatigue and pruritus, markedly elevated phosphatase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase, and positive AMA with or without jaundice. Its histopathological hallmarks are (1)necroinflammmation and ductopenia involved mainly in interlobular bile ducts; (2)lymphocyte aggregation, granuloma formation and bile ductular proliferation in the portal area; and (3)feathery degeneration of hepatocytes.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic , Fatigue , Female , Hepatocytes , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary , Male , Middle Aged , Mitochondria , Pruritus , Young Adult , gamma-Glutamyltransferase
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-591957

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of metal spring ring for localization of breast lesions. Methods Thirteen cases of nonpalpable breast benign lesion and 41 cases of breast cancer that had been treated by neoadjuvant chemotherapy were enrolled in this study. The lesion was localized with the margin being marked under the guidance of ultrasonography. Metal spring rings with proper length was used according to the maximum diameter of the lesion; and then via a 18G puncture needle, the metal spring ring was place exactly to the two ends of the biggest cross-section of the lesion by using a guide wire. Afterwards, the lesions were resected with the spring ring. The 41 patients with breast cancer received 2-to 3-week chemotherapy after the operation. Results For the 13 cases of benign breast lesion, the mass was resected accurately and completely with the spring rings. In the 41 cases of breast cancer, no residual tumor cells were found in the tissues around the margin of resection. During the postoperative chemotherapy, ultrasonography showed that the mass was reduced in 39 of the cases, among which 9 had no clear margin of the tumor before the operation shown by ultrasonography. Off the 9 cases, postoperative pathological examination found no tumor cells in the successive sections. Conclusions Localization of breast lesions under the guidance of ultrasonography is a new method for diagnosis and treatment of nonpalpable breast lesions. It is valuable for follow-up by ultrasonography, evaluation of chemotherapy, and postoperative biopsy, especially for the breast cancer patients who have received preoperative chemotherapy.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-552307

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the CT criteria of quantitative diagnosis for liver steatosis by means of studying the CT features of fatty liver cases proven histologically. Methods Twenty-eight cases of fatty liver were underwent non-enhanced CT scan, and the attenuation of liver parenchyma was measured. To differentiate the degree of fatty liver, the mean CT value and the relative density of hepatic vessels were observed. The quantitative diagnosis was made according to the CT number threshold and the criteria of relative density of hepatic vessels, respectively. Results Among the 28 cases, there were 17 cases of mild steatosis with mean CT number of 46 HU (32-65 HU), 7 cases of middle degree fatty liver with mean CT number of 28 HU (15-38 HU), and 4 cases of sever fatty liver with mean CT number of 0.2 HU (-7-11 HU). For the relative density of hepatic vessels, 16 of the 17 cases of mild fatty liver had a appearance of hepatic vessels immersion and 1 mild case had reverse hepatic vessels display, 6 of 7 middle degree cases had reverse hepatic vessels display with 1 case having the appearance of hepatic vessels immersion, and all the 4 case of sever steatosis had the appearance of reverse hepatic vessels display with sharp contrast between vessels and the liver parenchyma. The accuracy of quantitative diagnosis was 65.9% and 93.1% by means of criteria of CT number threshold and relative density of hepatic vessels, respectively (? 2=7.153,P

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL