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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923449

ABSTRACT

@#Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most common complications after cardiac surgery. The existing treatment of postoperative AF mainly focuses on preoperative prevention, intraoperative protection and postoperative treatment for factors prone to AF before, during and after surgery, but the postoperative treatment in various areas and hospitals is different. This article combines the latest literature published in Europace about the practice guidance of cardioversion of AF and atrial flutter, and summarizes the treatment of electrical cardioversion, in order to provide clinical guidance for electrical cardioversion of AF after cardiac surgery.

2.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 113-134, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922681

ABSTRACT

Mutations of the X-linked methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) gene in humans are responsible for most cases of Rett syndrome (RTT), an X-linked progressive neurological disorder. While genome-wide screens in clinical trials have revealed several putative RTT-associated mutations in MECP2, their causal relevance regarding the functional regulation of MeCP2 at the etiologic sites at the protein level requires more evidence. In this study, we demonstrated that MeCP2 was dynamically modified by O-linked-β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) at threonine 203 (T203), an etiologic site in RTT patients. Disruption of the O-GlcNAcylation of MeCP2 specifically at T203 impaired dendrite development and spine maturation in cultured hippocampal neurons, and disrupted neuronal migration, dendritic spine morphogenesis, and caused dysfunction of synaptic transmission in the developing and juvenile mouse cerebral cortex. Mechanistically, genetic disruption of O-GlcNAcylation at T203 on MeCP2 decreased the neuronal activity-induced induction of Bdnf transcription. Our study highlights the critical role of MeCP2 T203 O-GlcNAcylation in neural development and synaptic transmission potentially via brain-derived neurotrophic factor.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein 2/metabolism , Mice , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/genetics , Rett Syndrome/genetics , Synaptic Transmission , Threonine
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907154

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a rapid prediction method of the antioxidant activity in aqueous extract solutions of Melastoma dodecandrum based on ultraviolet spectroscopy and partial least squares regression algorithm. Methods The DPPH free radical scavenging effect was used to characterize the antioxidant activity of aqueous extract solutions of Melastoma dodecandrum. The ultraviolet spectra of 190-600 nm were collected. The partial least squares regression model of antioxidant activity was established after optimizing the wavelength range and preprocessing method. The software was devised using Visual Basic as the integrated development environment to provide a convenient tool for the rapid determination of antioxidant activity. Results The optimal partial least squares regression model was established based on 200-290 nm as wavelength range and unit variance scaling as preprocessing method. The correlation coefficient of calibration, root mean square error of estimation, root mean square error of cross-validation was 0.887, 2.20% and 2.17%, respectively. The correlation coefficient of validation, root mean square error of prediction was 0.868, 2.08%. The average predicted recovery was 100.1±2.3%. With the predictive function in the software, the antioxidant activity of aqueous extract solution of Melastoma dodecandrum can be calculated automatically within 2 s after collecting the ultraviolet spectra. Conclusions This study provides a rapid method for the prediction of antioxidant activity in aqueous extract solutions of Melastoma dodecandrum.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908867

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status of time management and self-regulated learning of undergraduate nursing students, and to explore the correlation and influencing factors between them.Methods:In March, 2020, 873 undergraduate nursing students from a nursing college of a medical university in Chongqing were investigated with General Information Questionnaire, Adolescent Time Management Disposition Questionnaire and Self-regulated Learning Status Questionnaire. SPSS 22.0 was used for data analysis. Independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA, pearson correlation analysis and multiple stepwise regression analysis were used for further analysis. Results:Total scores of time management disposition and self-regulated learning status were separately (153.58±18.62) points and (81.73±14.11) points. Scores of both items were influenced by different grades, whether or not they were student cadres, whether they voluntarily applied for nursing profession and whether they would like to take the postgraduate entrance examination. Correlation study showed that the score of time management disposition was significantly positively correlated with the score of self-regulated learning ( P < 0.01). And multiple stepwise regression study showed that time value, time monitoring and time efficacy entered the regression equation ( R2 = 0.353, adjusted R2 = 0.351, F = 153.073, P < 0.01). Conclusion:The undergraduate nursing students' time management disposition and self-regulated learning are at a moderate to good level. Each dimension of the time management disposition somewhat forecasts the self-regulated learning learning situation of the students. The self-regulated learning status of the nursing students can be enhanced by fostering their time management abilities.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908632

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationship between the developmental eye movement (DEM) test results and the vocabulary size in Chinese children with developmental dyslexia.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted.A total of 1 243 fifth grade students from 10 primary schools were enrolled from September to December 2019 in Tianjin, among which there were 664 males and 579 females, with the average age of (10.68+ 0.53) years old.The Chinese vocabulary test and intelligence test were carried out.Eighty-five dyslexic children with subaverage vocabulary size were selected as the experimental group and 54 normal children were selected as the control group.The DEM test was conducted in the two groups, and the vertical time, the horizontal adjustment time, the ratio of horizontal to vertical time and the total number of errors were recorded and analyzed.The differences in positive rate of dyslexia, various DEM test indicators between different genders and different groups were analyzed.The correlations between vocabulary size and vertical time, horizontal adjustment time, the ratio of horizontal to vertical time and the total number of errors were analyzed.This study protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of School of Optometry, Tianjin Vocational Institute (No.ysgxyll001). Written informed consent was obtained from the guardian of each subject.Results:The total positive rate of dyslexia was 6.83%(85/1 243), and the positive rate of 9.33%(62/664) in boys was higher than 3.97%(23/579) in girls, with a significant difference between them( χ2=13.974, P<0.001). There were no statistically significant differences in age, vocabulary size, vertical time, horizontal adjustment time, and the ratio of horizontal to vertical time between different genders in the control group (all at P>0.05). The vocabulary size of girls in the experimental group was larger than that of boys, showing a statistically significant difference ( t=-2.259, P=0.027). There was no significant difference in age, vertical time, horizontal adjustment time, and the ratio of horizontal to vertical time (all at P>0.05). The vertical time and horizontal adjustment time of the experimental group were longer than those of the control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=-4.848, -4.297; both at P<0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in the ratio of horizontal to vertical time between the two groups ( t=0.126, P=0.900). The total number of errors was 0(0, 1) in the experimental group, which was higher than the control group 0(0, 0), with a significant difference between them ( H=1.979, P=0.001). The vocabulary size of students in the two groups was negatively correlated with the vertical time, horizontal adjustment time and the total number of errors ( r=-0.397, P<0.001; r=-0.355, P<0.001; r s=-0.180, P=0.034), and was not obviously correlated with the ratio of horizontal to vertical time ( r=0.038, P=0.656). Conclusions:The DEM test scores of Chinese children with developmental dyslexia are higher than those of normal children, and there is no difference between different genders.The lower the scores of vocabulary size test, the higher the scores of DEM test.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2445-2449, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887423

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for improving the operation efficiency of drug quality sampling and inspection in China . METHODS :Starting from the application and management situation of inspection standards/methods in provincial inspection institutions ,the problems existing in the application and management of inspection standards/methods in provincial inspection institutions were analyzed ;the inspection standards/methods database of provincial inspection institutions is attempted to build,combining with the relevant experience and practices of FDA. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS :The inspection methods involved in drug sampling and inspection could be divided into official standards and non-standard methods. Official standards were the main standards for drug sampling and inspection ,and were mainly used for routine inspection. Such kind of standards could be classified according to the characteristics of compiled ,single-page and later-issued supplementary ;an electronic catalogue should be established for unified management. Non-standard methods were only used for sample preliminary screening ,verification of official inspection results ,quality evaluation and inspection of unknown or suspicious samples in emergency inspection. Its tracking,collection and management mechanisms were not yet complete. It is recommended to draw on the experience of drug sampling and inspection in the United States so as to establish method database hierarchically. For the mature method established in drug supervision system ,an electronic catalog and document content database should be established and the method should be confirmed before use ;for national standards and the recommended methods published by authoritative institutions in other industries,and mature methods published in scientific and technological literature ,the retrieval channels should be listed ,the methods should be verified ,reviewed and approved before use ,and an electronic catalogue should be established and recorded in time after use. The electronic catalogue format of non-standard methods generally include controlled number ,applicable variety name,method name ,inspection items ,etc.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872269

ABSTRACT

" Internet plus" pharmacy service center of Sir Run Run Shaw hospital is the first in Zhejiang province to realize online revisits and medication dispensing covered by medical insurance. The entire process of pharmacy service, namely prescriptions, prescription-checking, payment, delivery, consulting, and continuing education can be completed only via the " Internet-plus" center. The practice can improve efficiency of the medical service of the hospital, minimize outpatients stay in the hospital and cross infections so incurred, functioning as an innovative pharmacy service mode against COVID-19 epidemic.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 157-161, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871459

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the manifestations of liver injury in hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), to investigate the prognosis indicators of the disease, and to provide the reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods:From January 10 to February 14, 2020, at Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, the data of 333 hospitalized patients with COVID-19 were collected. The changes of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBil), direct bilirubin (DBil), indirect bilirubin (IBil) and albumin of the first liver function test after admission and the reexaminations of liver function test during hospitalization period in patients with liver injury were retrospectively analyzed. Student t test and Chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. Results:Liver injury occurred in 39.6% (132/333) of COVID-19 patients. There was no statistically significant difference in the rate of liver injury between patients in intensive care unit (ICU) and in general ward (45.6%, 26/57 vs. 38.4%, 106/276; χ2=1.026, P>0.05). 67.4% (89/132) of COVID-19 patients with liver injury presented with increased ALT or AST level on admission. During hospitalization, the level of ALT was higher than that of the first examination after admission ((60.28±50.44) U/L vs. (42.25±32.21) U/L), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=-3.230, P<0.05). The levels of ALT and AST of 71.2% (94/132) patients were both <80 U/L, which indicated that most of the patients showed mild liver injury. The patients with elevated level of TBil, DBil and IBil accounted for 3.9% (13/333), 5.4% (18/333) and 2.4% (8/333) of the COVID-19 patients, respectively. The albumin level of COVID-19 patients with liver injury during hospitalization was lower than that of the first examination after admission ((31.8±5.1) g/L vs. (33.7±5.4) g/L), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.712, P<0.05). The albumin levels at first examination on admission and reexamination during hospitalization of patients in ICU were both significantly lower than those of patients in general ward ((29.3±3.7) g/L vs. (34.8±5.1) g/L and (27.6±2.8) g/L vs. (32.9±5.1) g/L), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=4.928 and 4.783, both P<0.05). Conclusions:The incidence of liver injury in COVID-19 patients is high. A slight increase in aminotransferase levels is particularly common. Bilirubin abnormality is relatively rare and mild. The level of albumin may be one of the indicators for the severity and prognosis of COVID-19.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870719

ABSTRACT

Fall is an important problem affecting the health and life safety of the elderly. The fall risk assessment, identification of the high-risk population, and effective intervention can reduce the incidence of falls in the elderly. This article reviews the fall risk assessment tools for the elderly at home and abroad, and provides reference for the selection and development of the fall risk screening tools in the elderly in China.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869218

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare 18F-Alfatide Ⅱ automatically based on the improved CFN-100 fluorine multifunctional module and assess its PET/CT imaging in prostate cancer patients. Methods:A certain volume (200-500 μl) of fluoride ion was separated into the reaction tube by a fluoride ion separator and reacted with the labeled precursor l, 4, 7-triazacylononane-1, 4, 7-triacetic acid-E[(polyethylene glycol) 4-cyclo(Arg-Gly-Asp- D-Phe-Tyr)] 2(NOTA-E[PEG 4-c(RGDfk)] 2) (lyophilized kit). In the aqueous phase, 18F was chelated with aluminum. After being separated and purified by C18 column, 18F-Alfatide Ⅱ was prepared automatically. The radiochemical yield and its quality were analyzed. Quality control was carried out and 18F-Alfatide Ⅱ PET/CT imaging was performed in 2 patients (72 and 66 years old)with prostate cancer. Results:18F-Alfatide Ⅱ was prepared automatically by the improved CFN-100 fluorine multifunctional module combined with a double channel-fluorine ion separation device. 18F-Alfatide Ⅱ was synthetized in about 30 min, with radiochemical yield of (28±3)% (non-decay corrected, n=6). The radiochemical purity of the product was more than 98%, the specific activity was 2.8×10 7 MBq/mmol and the nuclear purity was >99%. PET/CT imaging of 2 patients showed that 18F-Alfatide Ⅱ were highly concentrated in prostate cancer lesions with the maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max) of 35.6 and 5.0, respectively. Conclusion:18F-Alfatide Ⅱ can be prepared successfully by improved CFN-100 fluorine multifunctional module with stable synthesis method, short synthesis time and high radiochemical yield, which can be highly concentrated in prostate cancer.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867120

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the changes of serum hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), tumor necrosis factor levels of alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6(IL-6) in patients with major depressive disorder(MDD) before and after venlafaxine treatment.Methods:Thirty-five MDD patients (MDD group) and thirty ethnic origin, gender, age, BMI and education level matched healthy controls (HC group) were recruited.The 17-item Hamilton depression scale (HAMD-17), Young manic rating scale (YMRS) were used to evaluate mood changes and therapeutic effect.The level of serum hs-CRP was detected by immunoturbidimetry, and the contents of serum TNF-α and IL-6 were measured by Elisa.The changes of serum hs-CRP, TNF-α, IL-6 in MDD patients before and after monotherapy (venlafaxine) treatment for 8 weeks and the differences of inflammatory cytokines between the MDD group and HC group were analyzed by t test, and partial correlation analysis was used to analyze the relationship between the changes of inflammatory cytokines and clinical symptoms in patients before and after treatment. Results:Before treatment, there were no significant differences of serum hs-CRP, TNF-α and IL-6 between MDD group and HC group( P>0.05). After treatment for 8 weeks, the score of HAMD-17 in MDD group was significantly decreased compared with that in pretreatment((5.63±2.81), (22.49±4.48), t=14.40, P<0.01), however were still higher than that in HC group ((3.15±1.11), t=3.681, P<0.01). Serum levels of hs-CRP ((0.37±0.43)mg/L, (0.88±0.97)mg/L, t=3.097, P=0.006), TNF-α ((0.37±0.43)ng/L, (0.88±0.97)ng/L, t=3.097, P=0.006) and IL-6 ((4.70±2.30)ng/L, (6.47±4.07)ng/L, t=4.758, P<0.001) in post-treatment were significant lower than those in pretreatment for MDD patients.Serum level of hs-CRP ( t=-3.521, P<0.05), TNF-α ( t=-7.744, P<0.001) and IL-6( t=-3.337, P<0.05) in post-treatment MDD group were significantly lower than those in HC group.After controlling for age and BMI, partial correlation analysis showed that TNF-α level was negatively correlated with duration of disease in the MDD group before( r=-0.784, P=0.012) and after treatment( r=-0.658, P=0.020). Conclusion:Venlafaxine can reduce serum TNF-α, IL-6 and hs-CRP levels in patients with MDD, suggesting that changes in inflammatory cytokines may be involved in the mechanism of antidepressant therapy by venlafaxine.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866345

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect and influence of exchange transfusion on neonatal ABO hemolysis by comparing the changes of indirect bilirubin in serum and internal environment before and after exchange transfusion.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 242 cases with neonatal ABO hemolytic disease from January 2017 to October 2018 in the Children's Hospital of Jiangxi Province was carried out.According to whether the parents signed or agreed to exchange transfusion, they were divided into two groups.The exchange group (126 cases) received routine treatment + exchange of blood, and the control group (116 cases) was only given conventional therapy(blue light + probiotics + gamma globulin). In the exchange group, peripheral venous blood was collected half an hour before the exchange of blood(T1) and half an hour after the exchange of blood(T2), while in the control group, the indirect bilirubin, platelet and blood sugar were measured at two time points of parents signing disapproval of exchange of blood(T1) and disapproval of exchange of blood and one day after the treatment(T2).Results:The indirect bilirubin levels in serum of the exchange group and the control group were decreased, and the difference was statistically significant[(194.010±41.065)μmol/L vs.(390.048±39.058)μmol/L, t=1507.604, (292.014±39.998)μmol/L vs.(383.452±42.820)μmol/L, t=306.820, all P<0.05]. The decrease of serum indirect bilirubin in the exchange group was more significant than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant.[(194.010±41.065)μmol/L vs.(292.014±39.998)μmol/L, t=368.267, P<0.05]. After exchange transfusion, the levels of platelet and blood sugar were decreased significantly, and the differences were statistically significant[(91.370±24.766)×10 9/L vs.(350.660±32.564)×10 9/L, t=5061.203, (2.965±0.593)mmol/L vs.(5.490±0.876)mmol/L, t=717.817, all P<0.05]. Decreased platelets and blood sugar could return to normal within 3 days. Conclusion:Exchange therapy can significantly reduce the level of bilirubin and the incidence of bilirubin encephalopathy in neonates with ABO hemolysis.Exchange therapy has certain effect on the internal environment of neonatal ABO hemolytic patients, which is easy to cause thrombocytopenia and blood sugar reduction.But the change of internal environment is temporary and reversible.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864871

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of acute paraquat(PQ)poisoning in children in southwest Shandong, and the risk factors for pulmonary interstitial fibrosis.Methods:This retrospective study was performed on the clinical data of children with acute PQ poisoning admitted from January 2013 to December 2017 in 12 hospitals in southwest Shandong.All participants were divided into pulmonary interstitial fibrosis group and no pulmonary interstitial fibrosis group on the basis of the chest CT 14 days after poisoning.The epidemiological characteristics and risk factors of pulmonary interstitial fibrosis were analyzed.Results:During the study period, a total of 307 children with acute PQ poisoning were admitted to 12 hospitals, of which 61 (19.87%) were suffering from acute PQ poisoning.Forty-nine cases with complete clinical data were analyzed, including 26 male and 23 female patients poisoned by oral.The age distribution ranged from 8 months to 14 years.Poisoning mainly occured from July to September of each year.The mortality of acute PQ poisoning was 8.2%(4/49), and the incidence of pulmonary interstitial fibrosis in survival patients was 44.4%(20/45). Statistical differences ( P<0.05) were found between the pulmonary interstitial fibrosis and no pulmonary interstitial fibrosis, with regard to the times of blood purification, the time from poison exposure to blood purification, the application rate of glucocorticoids, the concentration of PQ in urine, the pediatric critical illness score, the time from poison exposure to gastric lavage, the white blood count at admission, serum creatinine, arterial blood lactate, PaO 2, PaCO 2, and PaO 2/FiO 2; however, there was no significant difference in the proportion of blood purification treatment, the mode of blood purification treatment, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, urea nitrogen, creatine kinase and troponin.Stepwise logistic regression analysis showed that the time from exposure to poison to gastric lavage( OR=0.683, 95% CI 0.210-2.222)and to blood purification( OR=0.0133, 95% CI 0.004-0.042), the times of blood purification( OR=2.862, 95% CI 1.450-5.648), concentration of PQ in urine( OR=1.435, 95% CI 1.085-1.898), and the use of glucocorticoids( OR=0.190, 95% CI 0.048-0.757) were the risk factors for pulmonary interstitial fibrosis( P<0.05). Conclusion:Early gastric lavage and blood purification, increasing the frequence of adminitrating purification appropriately, using low-dose glucocorticoids can reduce the incidence of pulmonary interstitial fibrosis of children with acute PQ poisoning.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864842

ABSTRACT

Objective:to explore the effect of improved nursing intervention on bowel preparation before operation in children with common congenital megacolon.Methods:A total of 72 children with long-segment type congenital megacolon underwent surgery in our hospital from June 2016 to June 2019 were enrolled, and divided into two groups by random number table methods, each with 36 cases. Control group received the routine nursing, while the observation group received the routine nursing combined with modified nursing intervention. The enema effect, enema efficiency, enema pain level, complications, and nursing satisfaction were compared between the two groups.Results:The excellent rate of enema in the observation group was higher than that in the control group [94.44% (34/36) vs. 75.00% (27/36), χ2 value was 5.181, P<0.05]. The enema time and the amount of enema fluid in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group [(25.39±5.24)min vs. (21.31±3.94)min; (3 628.11±315.24)ml vs (2 842.33±266.18)ml; t value was 3.743, 11.428, P<0.05]. The VAS score of the observation group was significantly lower than that of the control group [(3.39±1.02) vs. (2.18±0.74), t value was 5.761, P<0.05]; the incidence of complications in the observation group was lower than that of the control group [2.87%(1/36) vs. 16.67%(6/36), χ2 value was 2.532, P>0.05]; the satisfaction degree of family members of the observation group was higher than that of the control group [97.22% (28/36) vs 77.78% (35/36); χ2 value was 4.581, P<0.05]. Conclusions:Application of modified nursing intervention can effectively improve the effect and efficiency of enema, reduce the pain and complications for children with long-segment type congenital megacolon, which also obtains high satisfaction degree among family members.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827421

ABSTRACT

By searching the database of CNKI, Wanfang and PubMed, the prevalence and risk factors of atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, acne, and urticaria were relatively more investigated, which were the skin diseases of more concern in the current epidemiological study of skin diseases. Three national epidemiologic surveys reported that the prevalence of atopic dermatitis increased from 0.69% in 1998, to 3.07% in 2002, and 12.94% in 2014, respectively. The prevalence of psoriasis increased from 0.123% in 1984 to 0.47% in 2009 according to 2 national surveys. The prevalence of acne was 8.1% in a national investigation in 2008. Representative national prevalence data of urticaria is not available. Risk factors for these skin diseases are distinct. Atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, and urticaria are more related to environment and mental stress, while acne is more related to skin type and dietary factors. Owing to the heterogeneities in diagnostic methods used in the dermatoepidemiologic surveys (some of the diagnoses were self-reported) and a lack of follow ups, the reliability of data remained questionable, and the comparability across the surveys was difficult. As a result, it is necessary to conduct population-based cohort studies on skin diseases in China.


Subject(s)
Acne Vulgaris , Epidemiology , China , Epidemiology , Dermatitis, Atopic , Humans , Prevalence , Psoriasis , Epidemiology , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Urticaria
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879937

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of IL-17A in promoting the activation of lung fibroblasts and the secretion of chemokine CXCL12, and to explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Lung tissues of BALB/c mice were collected after intraperitoneal injection of recombinant mouse IL-17A (rmIL-17A). Real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting were used to detect the expression levels of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and collagen I in lung tissues, and immunohistochemical staining and real-time RT-PCR were used to determine the expression of CXCL12. Normal mouse primary lung fibroblasts were isolated and cultured, and identified by immunofluorescence staining with optical microscopy. Cells and supernatant of culture medium were collected after stimulation with rmIL-17A at different concentrations. mRNA levels of α-SMA, collagen I, and CXCL12 in the cells were determined by real-time RT-PCR, and the levels of collagen I and CXCL12 in the supernatant of culture medium were determined by ELISA.@*RESULTS@#The mRNA and protein levels of α-SMA and collagen I in the lung tissue of mice injected with rmIL-17A were significantly increased compared with the control group (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#s: IL-17A can promote the activation of lung fibroblasts and translation into myofibroblast. The secretion of collagen is increased, which promote the deposition of extracullular matrix, and leads to the occurrence and development of lung fibrosis. CXCL12, a chemokine secreted by activated fibroblasts, may be involved in this process.


Subject(s)
Actins/genetics , Animals , Cells, Cultured , Chemokine CXCL12/metabolism , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Interleukin-17/pharmacology , Lung/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799207

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of acute paraquat(PQ)poisoning in children in southwest Shandong, and the risk factors for pulmonary interstitial fibrosis.@*Methods@#This retrospective study was performed on the clinical data of children with acute PQ poisoning admitted from January 2013 to December 2017 in 12 hospitals in southwest Shandong.All participants were divided into pulmonary interstitial fibrosis group and no pulmonary interstitial fibrosis group on the basis of the chest CT 14 days after poisoning.The epidemiological characteristics and risk factors of pulmonary interstitial fibrosis were analyzed.@*Results@#During the study period, a total of 307 children with acute PQ poisoning were admitted to 12 hospitals, of which 61 (19.87%) were suffering from acute PQ poisoning.Forty-nine cases with complete clinical data were analyzed, including 26 male and 23 female patients poisoned by oral.The age distribution ranged from 8 months to 14 years.Poisoning mainly occured from July to September of each year.The mortality of acute PQ poisoning was 8.2%(4/49), and the incidence of pulmonary interstitial fibrosis in survival patients was 44.4%(20/45). Statistical differences (P<0.05) were found between the pulmonary interstitial fibrosis and no pulmonary interstitial fibrosis, with regard to the times of blood purification, the time from poison exposure to blood purification, the application rate of glucocorticoids, the concentration of PQ in urine, the pediatric critical illness score, the time from poison exposure to gastric lavage, the white blood count at admission, serum creatinine, arterial blood lactate, PaO2, PaCO2, and PaO2/FiO2; however, there was no significant difference in the proportion of blood purification treatment, the mode of blood purification treatment, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, urea nitrogen, creatine kinase and troponin.Stepwise logistic regression analysis showed that the time from exposure to poison to gastric lavage(OR=0.683, 95%CI 0.210-2.222)and to blood purification(OR=0.0133, 95%CI 0.004-0.042), the times of blood purification(OR=2.862, 95%CI 1.450-5.648), concentration of PQ in urine(OR=1.435, 95%CI 1.085-1.898), and the use of glucocorticoids(OR=0.190, 95%CI 0.048-0.757) were the risk factors for pulmonary interstitial fibrosis(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Early gastric lavage and blood purification, increasing the frequence of adminitrating purification appropriately, using low-dose glucocorticoids can reduce the incidence of pulmonary interstitial fibrosis of children with acute PQ poisoning.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756131

ABSTRACT

This paper reported the diagnosis and treatment of two neonates with Kabuki syndrome (KS).Neither of them had typical facial features of KS during the neonatal period,but poor response,abnormal appearance and multiple organ dysplasia were observed in both.Case 1 was lost to follow up after discharge,while typical KS facial features were gradually appeared in Case 2 including eversion of lower lateral eyelids,arched eyebrows,sparse eyebrow arch,flattened nasal tip,prominent ears,during a three-month follow-up after birth.Next-generation sequencing revealed that both neonates were KS caused by lysine methyltransferase 2D (KMT2D) gene mutation,of which case 1 had a heterozygous deletion mutation ofc.13895delC (p.P4632HfsTer8) in KMT2D gene,while case 2 had a heterozygous repeat mutation of c.12809dupA (p.T4271Dfs*63) in KMT2D gene.Both cases were defined as de novo mutations and the one carried by case 2 was a newly discovered pathogenic mutation.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755280

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between the maximum standardized uptake value ( SUVmax ) of 18 F-fluoromisonidazole ( FMISO) PET/CT and the pathological classification, differentiation, T stage and primary tumor volume of nasopharyngeal carcinoma ( NPC) . Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on 41 patients with NPC (31 males, age 18-74 years;10 females, age 35-67 years) who underwent head and neck 18 F-FMISO PET/CT from 2012 to 2015. The relationship between the clinicopath-ological parameters (pathological classification, differentiation, T stage, tumor volume) of primary lesion and SUVmax were analyzed. Mann-Whitney u test, approximate t test and Spearman correlation were used for data analysis. Results There was no significant difference in SUVmax between non-keratinizing carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma ( u=183.5, P>0.05) , nor between the differentiated carcinoma and undiffer-entiated carcinoma( t'=-1.23, P>0.05) . SUVmax of T1-T2 primary tumor was significantly lower than that of T3-T4 tumor (1.52±0.43 vs 2.05±0.85; t'=-2.60, P<0.05), and SUVmax was correlated with primary tumor volume ( rs=0.488, P<0.05) . Conclusions The hypoxic degree is related with T stage and primary tumor volume in NPC. The combination analysis of T stage and tumor size will contribute to the assessment of oxygen level and prognosis of primary NPC.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751730

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of empirical therapy and diagnostic-driven the-rapy in the treatment of the hematological malignancies patients complicated with invasive fungal disease (IFD). Methods The clinical data of patients with hematological malignancies undergoing antifungal treat-ment in the Department of Hematology and Lymphoma of Cancer Hospital & Shenzhen Hospital,Chinese Aca-demy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College from August 2017 to August 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 68 patients met the inclusion criteria,of which,28 received the empirical therapy and 40 received the diagnostic-driven therapy. Then the differences of the incidence of IFD,IFD-related mor-tality,days of hospitalization and antifungal treatment between the two groups were compared. Results The incidence of IFD in the diagnostic-driven therapy group was higher than that in the empirical therapy group [27. 5% (11 / 40)vs. 7. 1% (2 / 28),χ2 = 4. 414,P = 0. 036]. While the rates of IFD-related mortality were 7. 5% (3 / 40)and 3. 6% (1 / 28)respectively,with no statistically significant difference (χ2 = 0. 459,P =0. 498). The number of antifungal treatment days in the diagnostic-driven therapy group was greater than that in the empirical therapy group [(15. 9 ± 3. 3)d vs. (13. 1 ± 2. 5)d,t = - 3. 654,P = 0. 001]. While the num-bers of hospitalization days were similar in the two groups [(20. 1 ± 2. 1)d vs. (19. 4 ± 2. 3)d],with no sta-tistically significant difference (t = - 1. 273,P = 0. 208). Conclusion Both diagnostic-driven therapy and empirical therapy are helpful to early antifungal treatment,and they should be performed properly combined with the actual clinical conditions.

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