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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798721

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of cancer susceptibility candidate gene 19 (CASC19) regulating the expression of microRNA-449b-5p (miR-449b-5p) on the proliferation, apoptosis and radiation sensitivity of cervical cancer cells.@*Methods@#(1) HeLa cells of cervical cancer cell line were cultured. HeLa cells were irradiated with X-ray at different doses (0, 2, 4, 6, 8 Gy, respectively), then the expression level of CASC19 mRNA and miR-449b-5p were detected by real-time quantitative PCR. (2) HeLa cell proliferation, apoptosis, radiation sensitivity (expressed as a survival fraction) and its related protein expression included cyclin D1, cleaved-caspase-3, and histone variant H2AX (γ-H2AX) were examined after different treatment including silencing CASC19 expression, over-expressing miR-449b-5p, down-regulating miR-449b-5p and silencing CASC19 expression. (3) The dual luciferase reporter gene experiment and real-time quantitative PCR technology were used to verify the targeting relationship between CASC19 and miR-449b-5p.@*Results@#(1) With the increase of X-ray irradiation different dose (0, 2, 4, 6, 8 Gy), the expression level of CASC19 mRNA in HeLa cells gradually increased (F=502.681, P=0.000), and the expression level of miR-449b-5p gradually decreased (F=202.936, P=0.000).(2) After silencing CASC19 expression or over-expressing miR-449b-5p, the survival rate of HeLa cells was significantly reduced (P<0.05), the apoptosis rate was significantly increased (P<0.05), the survival fraction was significantly reduced (P<0.05), the expression level of cyclin D1 protein was significantly reduced (P<0.05), and the expression levels of cleaved-caspase-3 and γ-H2AX protein were significantly increased (P<0.05). After down-regulating miR-449b-5p and silencing CASC19 expression, the survival rate of HeLa cells was significantly reduced (P<0.05), the apoptosis rate was significantly increased (P<0.05), the survival fraction was significantly reduced (P<0.05), the expression levels of cyclin D1 and γ-H2AX protein were significantly increased (P<0.05), and the expression level of cleaved-caspase-3 was significantly decreased (P<0.05). (3) Over expression of miR-449b-5p could significantly reduce the luciferase activity of CASC19 wild type (1.00±0.09 versus 0.37±0.05, P<0.01), but there were no significant effect on the luciferase activity of CASC19 mutant type (0.92±0.07 versus 0.94±0.05, P>0.05). After the expression of CASC19 was silenced, the expression level of miR-449b-5p in HeLa cells increased significantly (1.00±0.12 versus 4.84±0.49, P<0.05). After overexpression of CASC19, the expression level of miR-449b-5p in HeLa cells was significantly reduced (1.00±0.09 versus 0.38±0.04, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#CASC19 in HeLa cells negatively regulates the expression of miR-449b-5p, and down-regulating the expression of miR-449b-5p could partially reverse the effects of silencing CASC19 on HeLa cell proliferation, apoptosis and radiation sensitivity.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868118

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of cancer susceptibility candidate gene 19 (CASC19) regulating the expression of microRNA-449b-5p (miR-449b-5p) on the proliferation, apoptosis and radiation sensitivity of cervical cancer cells.Methods:(1) HeLa cells of cervical cancer cell line were cultured. HeLa cells were irradiated with X-ray at different doses (0, 2, 4, 6, 8 Gy, respectively), then the expression level of CASC19 mRNA and miR-449b-5p were detected by real-time quantitative PCR. (2) HeLa cell proliferation, apoptosis, radiation sensitivity (expressed as a survival fraction) and its related protein expression included cyclin D1, cleaved-caspase-3, and histone variant H2AX (γ-H2AX) were examined after different treatment including silencing CASC19 expression, over-expressing miR-449b-5p, down-regulating miR-449b-5p and silencing CASC19 expression. (3) The dual luciferase reporter gene experiment and real-time quantitative PCR technology were used to verify the targeting relationship between CASC19 and miR-449b-5p.Results:(1) With the increase of X-ray irradiation different dose (0, 2, 4, 6, 8 Gy), the expression level of CASC19 mRNA in HeLa cells gradually increased ( F=502.681, P=0.000), and the expression level of miR-449b-5p gradually decreased ( F=202.936, P=0.000).(2) After silencing CASC19 expression or over-expressing miR-449b-5p, the survival rate of HeLa cells was significantly reduced ( P<0.05), the apoptosis rate was significantly increased ( P<0.05), the survival fraction was significantly reduced ( P<0.05), the expression level of cyclin D1 protein was significantly reduced ( P<0.05), and the expression levels of cleaved-caspase-3 and γ-H2AX protein were significantly increased ( P<0.05). After down-regulating miR-449b-5p and silencing CASC19 expression, the survival rate of HeLa cells was significantly reduced ( P<0.05), the apoptosis rate was significantly increased ( P<0.05), the survival fraction was significantly reduced ( P<0.05), the expression levels of cyclin D1 and γ-H2AX protein were significantly increased ( P<0.05), and the expression level of cleaved-caspase-3 was significantly decreased ( P<0.05). (3) Over expression of miR-449b-5p could significantly reduce the luciferase activity of CASC19 wild type (1.00±0.09 versus 0.37±0.05, P<0.01), but there were no significant effect on the luciferase activity of CASC19 mutant type (0.92±0.07 versus 0.94±0.05, P>0.05). After the expression of CASC19 was silenced, the expression level of miR-449b-5p in HeLa cells increased significantly (1.00±0.12 versus 4.84±0.49, P<0.05). After overexpression of CASC19, the expression level of miR-449b-5p in HeLa cells was significantly reduced (1.00±0.09 versus 0.38±0.04, P<0.05). Conclusion:CASC19 in HeLa cells negatively regulates the expression of miR-449b-5p, and down-regulating the expression of miR-449b-5p could partially reverse the effects of silencing CASC19 on HeLa cell proliferation, apoptosis and radiation sensitivity.

3.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 217-219, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700987

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a method for isoimperatorin in Fengshi Bitong capsule and to study the effects of different doses of 60Co irradiation on the content of isoimperatorin. Methods The Agilent C18 column(4.6 mm×150 mm, 5μm) was used with the mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile -water (41:59) ;The flow rate was 1.0 mL?min-1 ,the detection wavelength was at 310 nm,and the column temperature was at 30 ℃ . Results Isoimperatorin showed a good linear relationship within a range of 3.66896-183.448 μg? mL-1( r = 1.0000).The average rate of recovery was 96.42%, RSD = 2.61%.The content of isoimperatorin in Fengshi Bitong capsule did not change significantly when irradiated by 2, 5 and 10 kGy of 60Co. Conclusion The established methods can be used for isoimperatorin determination in Fengshi Bitong capsule with high specificity,accuration and feasibility.The influence was not significant when the irradiation dose was less than 10 kGy.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508974

ABSTRACT

AIM:To explore whether angiotensin Ⅱtype 2 receptor antagonist EMA 401 decreases neuropathic pain and the expression of growth-associated protein-43 (GAP-43), protein kinase C (PKC) and calmodulin (CaM) in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) during chronic constriction injury (CCI) in rats.METHODS:SD rats were used to establish CCI model and randomly divided into 4 groups.The rats in model group were given equal volume of normal saline by intra-gastric administration .The rats in low dose ( LD) group were given 5 mg/kg EMA401 by intragastric administration .The rats in middle dose ( MD) group were given 10 mg/kg EMA401 by intragastric administration .The rats high dose ( HD) group were given 20 mg/kg EMA401 by intragastric administration .The rats in sham operation group received equal volume of normal saline by intragastric administration .Thermal withdrawal latency ( TWL ) and mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) were measured before operation and 7 d, 14 d and 28 d after CCI.After behavioral test, DRG of lumbar spinal was obtained from each group , and was used to determine Ca 2+concentration by o-cresolphthalein complexone microplating method, and the expression of GAP-43, PKC and CaM at mRNA and protein levels by Western blotting and RT-PCR.RE-SULTS:Compared with model group, EMA401 significantly increased the TWL and MWT (P <0.05).Meanwhile, EMA401 significantly reduced Ca 2+concentration and the expression of GAP-43, PKC and CaM at mRNA and protein levels in the DRG (P<0.05).CONCLUSION:EMA401 may attenuate neuropathic pain of CCI by inhibiting Ca 2+concentra-tion and the expression of GAP-43, PKC and CaM.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505529

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of propofol on the secretory function of adrenal medullary chromaffin cells of rats.Methods The rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cells cultured in vitro were seeded in 24-well plates at a density of 1×1010 cells/ml and divided into 5 groups (n=12 each) using a random number table:control group (group C),different concentrations of propofol groups (P1 and P2 groups),and different concentrations of etomidate groups (E1 and E2 groups).Propofol was added with the final concentrations of 30 and 100 μmol/L in P1 and P2 groups,respectively.Etomidate was added with the final concentrations of 4 and 40 μmol/L in EI and E2 groups,respectively.The cells were then incubated for 10 min in an incubator at 37 ℃.At the end of incubation with drugs,6 wells in each group were selected,and physiological salt solution 200 μl was added;another 6 wells in each group were selected,and high K+ physiological salt solution was added.[3 H] PSS and [3 H] K+-PSS were measured by [3 H] norepinephrine release assays.Results Compared with group C,[3 H] K+-PSS and [3 H] K+-PSS/PSS were significantly decreased in P1,P2 and E2 groups (P<0.05),and no significant changes were found in [3H] K+-PSS and [3H] K+-PSS/PSS in group E1 (P>0.05).Compared with group P1,[3 H] K+-PSS and [3 H] K+-PSS/ PSS were significantly decreased in group P2 (P<0.05).Conclusion Propofol can inhibit the secretory function of adrenal medullary chromaffin cells of rats in a concentration-dependent manner.

6.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 786-789, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612409

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the quality standard of Fengshi Bitong Capsule.Methods Notopterygh Rhizoma,Angelicae Pubescentis,and Saposhnikoviae Radix were identified by thin layer chromatography(TLC).Aconitine limit test in this drug also carried out by TLC.The contents of Isoimperatorin in the Notopterygh Rhizoma were determined by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC).Results The spots in the TLC were fairly clear and no interference was shown in the blank samples.The aconitine limited in conformity with the 《Chinese Pharmacopoeia》 2010.Isoimperatorin showed a good linear relationship within a range of 3.668 96-183.448 00 μg· mL-1(r=1).The average of recovery was 96.42%,RSD=2.64%,respectively.Conclusion The established methods are highly specific,stable and reproducible,which can be used as quality control of fengshi bitong capsule.

7.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 1549-1554, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609450

ABSTRACT

AIM To observe the effects of Huangdi Anxiao Capsules (Puerariae lobatae Radix,Eriobotryae Folium,Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma,etc.) on blood glucose and insulin resistance in GK rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its possible mechanism of action.METHODS GK rats with T2DM included in the experiment were randomly divided into model group,rosiglitazone (1.44 mg/kg) group,Shenqi Jiangtang Granules (1.08 g/kg) group,Huangdi Anxiao Capsules high,medium and low (12,6,3 g/kg) group and normal control group of Wistar rats.After six weeks of consecutive administration,fasting blood glucose (FBG),serum insulin (FINS),fasting plasma glucose (FPG),and insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) were measured in all groups.Serum biochemical indexes of (TG,TC,HDL-C,LDL-C),glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c),glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) were measured.The pancreatic tissue was obtained by routine paraffin embedding and HE staining to observe the pathological changes.RESULTS Compared with the normal group,FBG,FPG,FINS,HOMA-IR,TG,TC,HDL-C,LDL-C and HbA1c of the model group were significantly higher (P <0.01),and GLP-1 and IGF-1 expressions were markedly decreased (P < 0.01).Compared with the model group,the levels of FBG,FPG,FINS,HOMA-IR,TG,TC,HDL-C,LDL-C and HbA1 c in Huangdi Anxiao Capsules high-,medium-and low-dose group were significantly decreased (P < 0.05,P <0.01);GLP-1 and IGF-1 expressions were markedly increased (P <0.05,P <0.01),compared with the model group,the structure changes of pancreatic tissue in Huangdi Anxiao Capsules high-,medium-and low-dose groups largely reduced.CONCLUSION Huangdi Anxiao Capsules can reduce GK rats fasting blood glucose,insulin resistance,and its mechanism may be related to promoting the emergence and proliferation of pancreatic islet cells,improving the function of islet beta cells,and increasing insulin secretion.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3847-3849, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503519

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for the simultaneous contents determination of chloramphenicol and diphenhydr-amine hydrochloride in Chlorobenzene alcohol solution. METHODS:HPLC was performed on the column of Diamonsil C with mo-bile phase of phosphate buffer-acetonitrile(66.5∶33.5,V/V)containing 0.01 mol/L sodium heptane,column temperature was 35 ℃, flow rate was 1 ml/min,detection wavelength was 258 nm for diphenhydramine hydrochloride and 277 nm for chloramphenicol, the injection volume was 10μl. RESULTS:The linear range was 34.8-139.4μg/ml for chloramphenicol(r=0.999 8)and 93.0-930.5μg/ml for diphenhydramine hydrochloride (r=0.999 8);RSDs of precision,stability and reproducibility tests were lower than 2.0%;recoveries were 97.70%-104.02%(RSD=2.2%,n=9)and 96.72%-101.72%(RSD=1.6%,n=9). CONCLUSIONS:The method is specific,accurate with good precision,and suitable for the quality control of Chlorobenzene alcohol solution.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486207

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the establishment methods of animal models of adult growth hormone deficiency, and to provide a good model for experimental research and treatment for abnormal bone metabolism caused by growth hor-mone deficiency.Methods The methods of establishment of animal models of adult growth hormone deficiency were re-viewed and evaluated refering to literature.Results There were three methods including spontaneous lack-of, pituitecto-mized and gene knockout can establish animal models of adult growth hormone deficiency.Conclusions Hypophysecto-mized animal models are inexpensive and easy to create, but not suitable for studying the relationship between growth hor-mone and bone metabolism.Spontaneous lack-of and gene knockout models are specific growth hormone deficiency and of great research significance in exploring the relationship between growth hormone and bone metabolism.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243891

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>The function of the semicircular canal receptors and the pathway of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) can be diagnosed with the clinical head impulse test. The aim of the study was to investigate the horizontal VOR by means of video head impulse test in peripheral vestibular disorders.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using the vHIT, we examined horizontal semicircular canal VOR in a group of 55 patients and a control group of 20 healthy subjects. The group of patients included 10 cases of vestibular neuritis (VN), 6 cases of vestibular schwannoma (VS), 12 cases of Meniere's disease (MD), and 15 cases of bilateral vestibulopathy (BV), as well as 13 cases of idiopathic sudden hearing loss with vertigo (ISHL).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Instantaneous gains of 40 ms, 60 ms and 80 ms of horizontal VOR were 0.88 ± 0.17, 0.94 ± 0.13 and 0.96 ± 0.13, respectively. Regression gain at 60 ms was 0.99 ± 0.11, and asymmetry was 5.6 ± 3.5. Normal range of 60 ms instantaneous gain was > 0.73, normal range of regression gain was > 0.80. Abnormal vHIT was found in VS (100%), VN (90.9%), BV (86.7%), MD (40.0%) and ISHL (38.5%). Three conditions of refixation saccades occurred in cases with abnormal VOR: isolated covert saccades (12.5%), isolated overt saccades (45.0%) and the combination of overt and covert saccades (42.5%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The vHIT detects abnormal VOR changes in the combination of gain assessment and refixation saccades. Since isolated covert saccades in VOR changes can only be seen with vHIT, peripheral vestibular disorders are likely to be misdiagnosed with the HIT.</p>


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Head Impulse Test , Hearing Loss, Sudden , Diagnosis , Humans , Meniere Disease , Diagnosis , Neuroma, Acoustic , Diagnosis , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Saccades , Semicircular Canals , Vertigo , Vestibular Diseases , Diagnosis
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446329

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of Shuangwu numbness-relief decoction. Methods The anti-inflammatory effect was assessed by xylene-induced mouse auricular swelling and peritoneal capillary permeability;and the analgesic effect was assessed by hot plate method and acetic acid-induced twisting method. Results Shuangwu numbness-relief decoction at moderate or high dose had a significant inhibitory effect on mouse auricular swelling, with a significant difference as compared with the control group (P<0.01);the decoction at low , moderate , or high dose group played a marked inhibitory role in the increase in mouse peritoneal capillary permeability (P<0.01). Shuangwu numbness-relief decoction at moderate or high dose effectively reduced the writhing frequency in mice (P < 0.01). The decoction at high dose increased the pain threshold in mice one hour after intragastric administration (P < 0.05), and the decoction at moderate or high dose increased the pain threshold two hours after administration (P < 0.05). Conclusions Shuangwu numbness-relief decoction has an obvious anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427978

ABSTRACT

Sixty-six volunteers,including 24 subjects with normal glucose tolerance(NGT),18 patients with impaired glucose regulation (IGR),and 24 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus ( T2DM ),underwent a test of continuous glucose monitoring.The data of continuous glucose monitoring were embedded into two-dimension Euclid space by Takens' embedding theory.Glycemic phase diagram was drawn by MATLAB.The area and center distance of glycemic phase diagram were calculated by computer.The distinction of glycemic variability and average glycemic level among different glucose regulation populations were analyzed.The results showed that there existed significant differences in body mass index,systolic blood pressure,diastolic blood pressure,low density lipoprotein-cholesterol,high density lipoprotein-cholesterol,triglyceride,total cholesterol,creatinine,and alanine aminotransferase among three groups( all P<0.05 ).The levels of HbAIC,fasting plasma glucose( FPG ),postprandial 2 h plasma glucse (2hPG),area and center distance of glycemic phase diagram in T2DM group were higher than those in NGT and IGR groups( P<0.01 ),and the levels of FPG,2hPG,area and center distance of glycemic phase diagram in IGR group were higher than those in NGT group( P<0.01 ).The levels of FPG and 2hPG were correlated with area and center distance of glycemic phase diagram ( all P<0.01 ).These results suggest that measuring the area and center distance of glycemic phase diagram is a good method to assess glycemic variability and average glycemic level during continuous glucose monitoring.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252976

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the influence of najanalgesin on glutamate-glial transporter 1(GLT-1) in spinal cord of rats after L5 spinal nerve ligation and transection (SNL), and explore the spinal analgesic mechanism of najanalgesin.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>One hundred male SD rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: sham(A), SNL(B), SNL + najanalgesin(C), SNL + saline (D), SNL + najanalgesin + liposome (E), SNL + najanalgesin + liposome + GLT-1 As-ODNs(F) and treated with intrathecal injections of 10 p.L saline (A and D), 40 ng X kg(-1) najanalgesin (C, E and F), qd, respectively. Besides intrathecal administration of najanalgesin the rats were intrathecally injected with 10 microL of GLT-1 antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (As-ODNs) (F) and 10 micdroL of liposome(E) once daily on day 3. The L4-L6 segments of the spinal cord were isolated in 1, 4 and 7 d(A,B,C and D), 7 d(E and F) after surgery. The mRNA and protein of GLT-1 were determined.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The SNL model has successfully been set up. Compared to sham group, the expression of GLT-1 mRNA and protein level in group B and D both increased firstly and decreased later, the expression of GLT-1 in group C was significantly increased and kept stable, which were also higher when compared to group D in day 7th. Compared to SNL + najanalgesin group, after intrathecal injection of GLT-1 As-ODNs the GLT-1, expression of GLT-1 in F group significantly decreased. While intrathecal administration of liposome had no significant effect on the spinal GLT-1 expression.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Najanalgesin could increase the mRNA and protein expression of GLT-1 in spinal cord, which may be one of its spinal mechanisms of analgesia.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Elapid Venoms , Pharmacology , Elapidae , Excitatory Amino Acid Transporter 2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Male , Neuralgia , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spinal Cord , Metabolism
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-433093

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and diagnostic characteristics of audiometric findings and vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials in patients with large vestibular aqueduct syndrome (LVAS).Method:Thirty LVAS subjects(60 ears) recruited received pure tone audiometry, acoustic immittance, auditory brain stem responses (ABRs), distortion-product otoacoustic emission(DPOAE), Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials(VEMP) and caloric test, and the diagnostic significance of the results was analyzed.Result:All 30 cases(60 ears) showed progressive and fluctuating hearing loss, while 16 cases experienced dizziness when hearing fluctuated. Most of our cases showed sensorineural hearing loss, and 47 ears(94.0%) showed air-bone gap in the low frequencies, with mean gaps of (43±17)dB HL at 250 Hz, (33±18 )dB HL at 500 Hz, in which the middle ear function showed normal. The acoustically evoked short latency negative response(ASNR) with medium latency(3.06±0.52)ms was elicited from 18 ears(64.3%). The mean amplitude of vestibular evoked myogenic potentials(VEMP) of 42 ears was (147.10± 107.55)μv,and the threshold of VEMP of 19 ears was 75 dB nHL,of 7 ears was 65 dB nHL.Conclusion:Characteristics of hearing performance, such as progressive and fluctuating hearing loss, air-bone gap at the low frequencies with normal middle ears, the ASNR, and increased amplitude and decreased threshold of the VEMPs, will help clinicians make initial diagnosis of LVAS ,and provide a reference for further imaging examination.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403067

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the effects and possible mechanism of exogenous spermine on the apoptosis of primary cultured neonatal cardiomyocytes induced by simulated ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. METHODS: To establish a model of simulated I/R, the primary cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were incubated in ischemia-mimetic solution (under the conditions of hypoxia plus serum deprivation) for 2 h, and re-incubated the cells in normal culture medium for 24 h. The apoptotic cell death was assayed by flow cytometry. The morphological alterations of the cells were observed under transmission electron microscope. The transcription and expression of Fas and FasL were determined by the methods of RT-PCR, Western blotting and immunofluorescence. RESULTS: The cells exposed to I/R underwent significant apoptosis, and the percentage of apoptotic cells was 27.4%±1.8%, much higher than that in normal group (5.7%±0.3%). In I/R group the evident histopathological changes were observed and the myocardial transcription and expression of Fas and FasL were significantly upregulated. Compared to normal group, mRNA expression of Fas and FasL increased 2.2 folds and 2.4 folds, respectively, and their proteins increased 1.7 folds and 1.9 folds at 24 h of reperfusion respectively (P<0.01). Pretreatment with 10 μmol/L spermine significantly inhibited apoptosis of I/R injured cells, and the percentage of apoptotic cells was 21.7%±1.3% (P<0.01, as compared to I/P group). Spermine also suppressed the expression of Fas and FasL significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01, as compared to I/P group). CONCLUSION: Spermine plays anti-apoptotic effect on the cultured neonatal myocardial cells under the condition of I/R injury by suppressing the expression of Fas/FasL.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746705

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical and diagnostic characteristics of audiometric findings and vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials in patients with large vestibular aqueduct syndrome (LVAS).@*METHOD@#Thirty LVAS subjects (60 ears) recruited received pure tone audiometry, acoustic immittance, auditory brain stem responses (ABRs), distortion-product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE), Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) and caloric test, and the diagnostic significance of the results was analyzed.@*RESULT@#All 30 cases (60 ears) showed progressive and fluctuating hearing loss, while 16 cases experienced dizziness when hearing fluctuated. Most of our cases showed sensorineural hearing loss, and 47 ears (94.0%) showed air-bone gap in the low frequencies, with mean gaps of (43 +/- 17) dB HL at 250 Hz, (33 +/- 18) dB HL at 500 Hz, in which the middle ear function showed normal. The acoustically evoked short latency negative response (ASNR) with medium latency (3.06 +/- 0.52) ms was elicited from 18 ears (64.3%). The mean amplitude of vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) of 42 ears was (147.10 +/- 107.55) microv, and the threshold of VEMP of 19 ears was 75 dB nHL, of 7 ears was 65 dB nHL.@*CONCLUSION@#Characteristics of hearing performance, such as progressive and fluctuating hearing loss, air-bone gap at the low frequencies with normal middle ears, the ASNR, and increased amplitude and decreased threshold of the VEMPs, will help clinicians make initial diagnosis of LVAS, and provide a reference for further imaging examination.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Syndrome , Vestibular Aqueduct , Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials , Young Adult
17.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 94-96, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472929

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-308A/G gene polymorphism and mild cognitive impairment(MCI)in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM),and their correlative risk factors thereof.Methods:Forty cases of T2DM with MCI and 80 cases of T2DM without MCI were selected for this study.The polymorphism of the TNF-α-308A/G was detected by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP).According to the clinical data,such as course of disease,plasma glucose,plasma fat and body mass index(BMI),the independent risk factors of T2DM and MCI were analyzed by non-conditional logistic regression.Results:The frequency of TNF-α2 allele was significantly higher in the group of T2DM with MCI than that without MCI (P<0.01).The indexes of the statistical significant difference between the two groups were the age,course of disease,postprandial blood glucose(P2BG),glycosylated hemoglobin,body mass index,family history of T2DM,hypertension,diabetic retinopathy,diabetic peripheral neuropathy and TNF-α.The independent risk factors included TNF-α,diabetic peripheral neuropathy,diabetic retinopathy,age and P2BG.Conclusion:There is a significant relationship between TNF-α2 allele and T2DM with MCI.There is a significant relationship between the age,control of plasma glucose and microvaseular complication of T2DM with the cognitive funotion.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391303

ABSTRACT

To study the possible mechanism of the effect of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) on injury to neonatal rat cardiomyocytes induced by hypoxia-reoxygenation. Lactate dehydrogenase activity [(210.0±11.5) vs (101.4±6.5) U/L] ,apoptosis rate [(8. 138±1. 512) vs(0. 575±0. 168)%] ,and caspase-3 activity [(44.52± 5.69)vs(19.98±1.97) ,all P<0.01] were all increased after hypoxia-reoxygenation. GLP-1 appears to directly act on cardiomyocytes and to protect them from hypoxia-reoxygenation injury [lactate dehydrogenase (190.2±9.0) U/ L, apoptosis rate (2.688±0.580) %, caspase-3 activity 30.34±4.18] mainly by inhibiting the apoptosis probably via the PBK/Akt signaling pathways.

19.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 153-156, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390524

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between apolipoprotein E(Apo E) gene poly-morphism and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and e-valuate the correlative risk factors. Method 40 cases of type 2 diabetes with MCI and 80 cases of type 2 diabetes without MCI were enrolled in this study. The polymorphism of the Apo E gene was detected by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism(PCR-RFLP). According to the clinical data such as course of disease, plasma glucose, plasma fat and body mass index (BMI), the independent risk factors of T2DM and MCI were analyzed by non-conditional logistic regression. Results The frequency of Apo E ε_4 allele in the group of type 2 diabetes with MCI was higher than that without MCI ( 25.0% vs 10. 0% ), and the difference had statistical significance( P < 0. 01 ). The indexes of the statistical significant difference be-twcen the two groups were age, course of disease, postprandial blood glucose ( P2BG), HBA1C, BMI,family history of T2DM, hypertension, diabetic retinopathy, diabetic peripheral neuropathy, Apo E gene. The independent risk factors included diabetic retinopathy ( OR = 3. 452, P < 0. 05 ), diabetic peripheral neuropathy( OR = 3. 252, P <0. 05), Ape E gene( OR = 2. 441, P < 0.01 ), HBA1C ( OR = 1. 372, P <0.05), P2BG(OR = 1. 194, P <0.05), age(OR = 1. 194, P <0.01) and course of disease(OR =1. 142, P <0. 05). Conclusion Apo E ε_4 allele has significant relationship with T2DM and MCI. The age, course of disease, control of plasma glucose, and microvascular complication of diabetes have relation-ship with the cognitive function.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-396790

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) lisinopril on experimental diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) in the earlier stage and its mechanism. Methods Diabetes was induced by streptozotosin (STZ) in rats. After 8 weeks of treatment, the effects of lisinopril on function and structure of peripheral nerves were observed; superoxide dismutase, malondialdehyde, Na+K+-ATPase activity in sciatic nerve and NO, NO synthase levels in plasma were determined, and capillary density of sciatic nerve were also assessed. Results With lisinopril, nerve structure and function was improved, oxidative stress state was ameliorated, and NO level, Na+K+-ATPase activity and capillary density of endoneurium were increased (all P<0.05). Conclusion ACEIs are effective in DPN. The possible mechanisms may be related to the amelioration of ischemic state and related metabolic disorders of the nerves.

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