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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006569

ABSTRACT

By consulting the ancient and modern literature, the textual research of Pharbitidis Semen has been conducted to clarify the name, origin, distribution of production areas, quality specification, harvesting, processing and so on, so as to provide reference for the development and utilization of the relevant famous classical formulas. Through textual research, it can be seen that Pharbitidis Semen was first published in Mingyi Bielu(《名医别录》), and all dynasties have taken Qianniuzi as the correct name. Based on the original research, the main source of Pharbitidis Semen used in previous dynasties is the dried mature seeds of Pharbitis nil, which is consistent in ancient and modern times. The white Pharbitidis Semen appearing in Compendium of Materia Medica(《本草纲目》) from Ming dynasty is similar to the present P. purpurea. It is produced all over the country, and the quality is better if the particles are full and free of impurities. In ancient times, the harvesting time was mostly in the September. Now it is autumn. The fruits are ripe and harvested, dried to remove impurities for standby. In ancient times, the processing methods of Pharbitidis Semen were mainly wine steaming, steaming and frying until half cooked and grinding the head and end. In modern times, they have been simplified to stir-frying method. The nature, taste, meridian tropism and their effects also change supplements with the deepening of practice. Before the Ming dynasty, they were all bitter, cold and toxic. In the Ming dynasty, there appeared the characteristics of pungent, hot and small poisonous. The efficacy has evolved from controlling low Qi, curing foot edema, removing wind toxin, and facilitating urination to facilitating water and defecation, eliminating phlegm and drinking, and eliminating accumulated insects. The main clinical contraindications are those with weak spleen and kidney, those with weak spleen and stomach, pregnant women, and should not be used with croton and croton cream. Based on the textual research, it is suggested that when developing the classic famous formula with Pharbitidis Semen as the main raw material in the future, it is clear that the source should be the dried mature seeds of Pharbitis nil(black product is its black-brown seeds, white product is its beige seeds). The processing requirements indicated in the original formula are all processed according to the requirements, and the raw product is recommended to be used as medicine if not specified.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009925

ABSTRACT

Fear, a negative emotion triggered by dangerous stimuli, can lead to psychiatric disorders such as phobias, anxiety disorders, and depression. Investigating the neural circuitry underlying congenital fear can offer insights into the pathophysiological mechanisms of related psychiatric conditions. Research on innate fear primarily centers on the response mechanisms to various sensory signals, including olfactory, visual and auditory stimuli. Different types of fear signal inputs are regulated by distinct neural circuits. The neural circuits of the main and accessory olfactory systems receive and process olfactory stimuli, mediating defensive responses like freezing. Escape behaviors elicited by visual stimuli are primarily regulated through the superior colliculus and hypothalamic projection circuits. Auditory stimuli-induced responses, including escape, are mainly mediated through auditory cortex projection circuits. In this article, we review the research progress on neural circuits of innate fear defensive behaviors in animals. We further discuss the different sensory systems, especially the projection circuits of olfactory, visual and auditory systems, to provide references for the mechanistic study of related mental disorders.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Fear/physiology , Nerve Net
3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 337-351, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982591

ABSTRACT

The awake prone position plays an important role in the treatment of hypoxemia and the improvement of respiratory distress symptoms in non-intubated patients. It is widely used in clinical practice because of its simple operation, safety, and economy. To enable clinical medical staff to scientifically and normatively implement prone position for awake patients without intubation, the committees of consensus formulation, guided by evidence-based methodology and Delphi method, conducted literature search, literature quality evaluation and evidence synthesis around seven topics, including indications and contraindications, evaluation, implementation, monitoring and safety management, termination time, complication prevention and health education of awake prone position. After two rounds of expert letter consultation, Expert consensus on implementation strategy of awake prone positioning for non-intubated patients in China (2023) was formulated, and provide guidance for clinical medical staff.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Prone Position , Wakefulness , China , Dyspnea
4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 97-101, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953726

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy, safety and economical efficiency of Xuesaitong injection in the treatment of stroke by rapid health technology assessment,so as to provide evidence for clinical rational drug use. METHODS Retrieved from Wanfang database, CBM, CNKI,PubMed,Cochrane Library,Embase, INAHTA and HTAI databases or organization websites, health technology assessment (HTA) reports, meta-analysis/systematic reviews and pharmacoeconomic studies related to Xuesaitong injection in the treatment of stroke were summarized and analyzed. RESULTS A total of 29 pieces of literature were included. Among them, 14 studies were conducted on meta-analysis/systematic reviews,15 studies were conducted on pharmacoeconomics, HTA was not obtained. The results of meta-analysis/systematic reviews showed that Xuesaitong injection had certain advantages for stroke in improving the total effective rate, clinical symptoms and related scale scores compared with blank control group and some drug control groups. Safety studies had shown that the adverse reactions of Xuesaitong injection were mainly allergic-like reactions. The results of pharmacoeconomic evaluation are quite different, which may also be related to the long time span among various studies and the adjustment of some drug prices. CONCLUSIONS Xuesaitong injection in the treatment of stroke is helpful to improve the clinical efficacy and evaluation indexes, but there are some serious adverse reactions, and it is not economically superior to some chemical drugs.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2708-2714, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998553

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the mechanism of Chonghe paste promoting the dissipation of swollen lesions. METHODS The bacteriostatic effects of Chonghe paste against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus albus and Streptococcus pneumoniae were detected by punching method. The subcutaneous soft tissue infection model of rats was established by subcutaneous injection of S. aureus. The effects of 14 d intervention of Chonghe paste (Compound polymyxin B ointment as positive control) on the pathological changes of subcutaneous soft tissue, the protein expressions of type Ⅰ collagen, type Ⅲ collagen, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 in subcutaneous soft tissue, and the contents of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in serum were investigated. RESULTS Chonghe paste had varying degrees of bacteriostatic effect on the above 4 bacteria (except for S. pneumoniae), especially on S. aureus. Compared with the model group, on the 7th day of treatment, collagen fibers in the Chonghe paste group were arranged in an orderly manner, pus dissipated faster; the protein expressions of type Ⅰ and type Ⅲ collagen and the contents of TGF-β and bFGF were up-regulated significantly, while protein expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were decreased significantly (P<0.05). On the 14th day of administration, collagen deposition was obvious in the Chonghe paste group, subcutaneous appendages gradually formed; the protein expressions of type Ⅰ and type Ⅲ collagen and the contents of TGF-β and bFGF were down-regulated significantly, while the protein expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were increased significantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS Chonghe paste has the bacteriostatic effect and may play a role in promoting the dissipation of swollen lesions by regulating the formation and decomposition of fibrin and increasing the secretion of bFGF and TGF-β.

6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1299-1306, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924700

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association of the metabolism of intestinal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) with the development and progression of the disease spectrum of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) by determining the content of fecal SCFAs in patients with different NAFLD diseases and the change in the content of fecal SCFAs after treatment in patients at a high risk of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Methods A total of 90 patients who were diagnosed with NAFLD in The Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University from July 2020 to July 2021 were enrolled and divided into simple nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) group with 30 patients, NASH group with 30 patients, and nonalcoholic fatty liver fibrosis group with 30 patients, and 40 individuals who underwent physical examination during the same period of time were enrolled as control group. Related case data and fecal SCFAs content were collected for the four groups, and related clinical indices and fecal SCFAs content were collected for 10 patients at a high risk of NASH after 3 months of intervention. The analysis of variance was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between multiple groups, and the paired samples t -test was used for comparison within each group; the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between multiple groups, and the paired samples Wilcoxon signed rank sum test was used for comparison within each group; a Spearman correlation analysis was used to investigate the correlation between variables; the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used for diagnostic evaluation. Results Compared with the control group, the nonalcoholic fatty liver fibrosis group had significantly higher contents of valeric acid and caproic acid, and the NAFL group had significantly lower contents of valeric acid and caproic acid (all P < 0.05); the nonalcoholic fatty liver fibrosis group had significantly higher contents of valeric acid and caproic acid than the NAFL group ( P < 0.05); the nonalcoholic fatty liver fibrosis group had a significantly higher content of valeric acid than the NASH group ( P < 0.05); the NASH group had a significantly higher content of caproic acid than the NAFL group ( P < 0.05). After treatment, the high-risk patients in the NASH group had significant reductions in HbA1c, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), total bile acid (TBA), prothrombin time (PT), uric acid (UA), controlled attenuation parameter (CAP), and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) ( Z =-2.805, -2.703, -2.193, -2.599, -2.805, -2.701, -2.803, -1.988, -2.807, -2.803, -2.803, and -2.668, all P < 0.05); for these patients, the contents of acetic acid and propionic acid after treatment were significantly higher than those before treatment ( Z =-2.803 and -2.803, both P < 0.05), and the content of isobutyric acid after treatment was significantly lower than that before treatment ( Z =-2.803, P < 0.05). In the diagnosis of nonalcoholic fatty liver fibrosis, valeric acid had an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.842, with a sensitivity of 86.7% and a specificity of 70% at the optimal cut-off value of 141.42 μg/g; caproic acid had an AUC of 0.819, with a sensitivity of 70% and a specificity of 85% at the optimal cut-off value of 6.93 μg/g. Conclusion Valeric acid and caproic acid may promote the development of NAFLD disease spectrum. Acetic acid and propionic acid may have a certain protective effect on the liver of NAFLD patients, and isobutyric acid may promote the development and progression of NASH. The protective effect of acetic acid and propionic acid on the liver may further lead to the reductions in HbA1c, FPG, TG, TC, ALT, AST, GGT, TBA, PT, UA, CAP, and LSM. Valeric acid and caproic acid have an inferior diagnostic value to PIIIP N-P and a superior diagnostic value to type IV collagen and hyaluronic acid. Valeric acid with the optimal cut-off value of 141.42 μg/g and caproic acid with the optimal cut-off value of 6.93 μg/g can be used as the auxiliary diagnostic indicators for the early diagnosis of nonalcoholic fatty liver fibrosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964219

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo determine the epidemiological characteristics and transmission factors of a varicella outbreak in a school in Nanxun District of Huzhou City, and assess the effect of prevention and control measures, which may provide scientific evidence for improvement in the response to varicella outbreak. MethodsData were collected by field epidemiological survey and analyzed by descriptive epidemiology. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS 22.0 software. ResultsA total of 80 varicella cases were identified in this outbreak, which lasted 68 days. There were four peaks of incidence, involving 21 classes. The total incidence rate was determined to be 4.14%. Before the public health intervention, some cases were not isolated in time, which led to the initial spread in the class. After the mid-term examination, the outbreak further spread to multiple classes. Breakthrough varicella cases accounted for 48.75% of all the cases in the outbreak, among which 94.87% had been vaccinated for more than five years. However, there was no significant difference in the incidence of fever and rash between the breakthrough cases and non-breakthrough cases(P>0.05). ConclusionTimely report, prompt response, and strict implementation of prevention and control measures remain crucial for effective containment of varicella outbreak.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954639

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the feasibility and safety of endoscopic subcutaneous mastectomy and immediate reconstruction via a small skin incision approach without gas and mesh for early breast carcinomas.Methods:We analyzed 7 patients diagnosed with breast cancer who underwent an endoscopic subcutaneous mastectomy and immediate reconstruction from Jun. to Nov. 2021 using a gasless and meshless small skin incision approach at the Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of USTC. Mean age was 44.9 (29-63) years. Clinical stage, postoperative complications and other data of patients were collected. Patients were required to fill in BREAST-Q scale anonymously before and during postoperative follow-up. The difference was considered significant for P < 0.05. Results:The tumors were all unilateral and solitary lesions, with a mean diameter of 1.74 (0-5) cm. The average distance of mass from the nipple on imaging was 2.11cm (range 0 to 4) . Postoperative pathological clinical stage,1 patient was in Tis, 3 patients were in stage I, 2 patients were in stage II and a pathological complete response was achieved in one patient (ypT0pN0cM0 CR) . The mean operative time was 245.3 (195-316) min, the mean intraoperative bleeding volume was 37.1ml, the mean postoperative hospital stay was 5.1 d, and the median follow-up time was 8.8 (6-11.2) months. All the 7 patients had incision healing at the first stage, and no complications such as infection, incision complications, capsular contracture, nipple-areola complex or skin flap necrosis, removal or displacement of breast implant occurred. No local recurrence or metastasis was detected during the follow-up period. Compared with preoperative, the scores of postoperative psychosocial status, chest wall status were lower ( P<0.05) , but still ideal, while breast satisfaction and sexual satisfaction scores were not significantly different from preoperative baseline ( P>0.05) . Conclusion:This study indicates that endoscope-assisted breast reconstruction with gasless and meshless is a safe and feasible surgical intervention method for early breast cancer, with good cosmetic effects, and can be promoted as a new type of breast reconstruction.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907789

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of WWC2-AS1/miR-382-5p/FZD3 in granulosa cell (GCs) of polycystic ovary syndrome (polycystic ovarian syndrome, PCOS) patients and its molecular mechanism.Methods:Bioinformatics tools were used to predict the molecular mechanism of PCOS. The expressions of WWC2-AS1, miR-382-5p and FZD3 in serum and GCs of patients with PCOS and healthy controls were detected by qRT-PCR. The effects of WWC2-AS1/miR-382-5p/FZD3 on the proliferation and apoptosis of GCs were observed by CCK-8 and flow cytometry. The interaction between WWC2-AS1 and miR-382-5p, miR-382-5p and FZD3 was verified by double luciferase report experiment.Results:Compared with the control group, the expression of WWC2-AS1 and FZD3 in serum and GCs of PCOS patients was significantly up-regulated, while the expression of miR-382-5p was down-regulated. Silencing WWC2-AS1 could significantly promote the proliferation of GCs in PCOS and inhibit the apoptosis of GCs (all P<0.05) . There is a WWC2-AS1/miR-382-5p/FZD3 interaction network in PCOS, and miR-382-5p inhibitor or overexpressed FZD3 can partially reverse the regulatory effect of silent WWC2-AS1 on GCs in PCOS. Conclusion:This study shows that WWC2-AS1 regulates miR-382-5p and up-regulates FZD3, which promotes the proliferation of GCs and inhibits apoptosis in the progression of PCOS. WWC2-AS1/miR-382-5p/FZD3 may be an effective molecular target for the treatment of PCOS.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877082

ABSTRACT

Objective To estimate the key epidemiological parameters, including the serial interval (SI), basic reproduction numbers (R0), and time-dependent reproduction numbers (Rt) based on the case data of COVID-19 published on the official website of Shaanxi Provincial Health Commission. Methods The method of maximum likelihood estimation was used to fit the probability distribution of SI, and three parametric models including Gamma, Weibull, and Lognormal distributions were adopted to estimate the distribution of SI. The optimal model was selected by the corrected Akaike information criterion (AICc). Based on nonlinear regression model the cumulative number of confirmed cases was fit to the growth rate r of the Richard growth model to estimate R0. The Rt was calculated based on the Bayesian framework. Results A total of 49 transmission chains were discovered from 245 local confirmed cases in Shaanxi Province. The Gamma distribution was the optimal model to fit the SI here by AICc. Using the Gamma distribution, the mean SI was estimated to be 6.3 days (95%CI:5.98 - 6.43) with a standard deviation (SD) of 3.94 days (95%CI: 3.01 - 5.03). Using the Richard growth model, the growth rate was estimated to be 0.23 (95% CI: 0.21 - 0.24) and the basic reproduction number in Shaanxi to be 3.11 (95%CI: 2.91 - 3.40). Rt showed an overall downward trend, and fell below 1 on February 10 (Rt=0.95(95%CI: 0.76-1.16)), and stabilized at around 0.35 on February 18. Conclusion The SI of COVID-19 is relatively shorter than that of MERS and SARS, while the R0 is relatively larger, and Rt is on a downward trend, which suggests COVID-19 is a highly transmissible infectious disease. The control measures including the isolation and treatment of confirmed patients, quarantine and observation of suspected cases, contact tracing, improvement of public awareness, and adoption of self-protection measures can effectively reduce the COVID-19 outbreak.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879562

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical phenotype and genetic basis for a Chinese pedigree affected with coagulation factor XI (FXI) deficiency.@*METHODS@#Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and other blood coagulation factors, and activities of FXI:C and other relevant coagulation factors for a large Chinese pedigree including 6 patients from 3 generations were determined on a Stago automatic coagulometer. The FXI:Ag was determined with an ELISA method. All exons and flanking regions of the F11 gene were subjected to Sanger sequencing. ClustalX-2.1-win software was used to analyze the conservation of amino acids. Pathogenicity of the variants was predicted with online bioinformatics software including Mutation Taster and Swiss-Pdb Viewer.@*RESULTS@#The APTT of the proband was prolonged to 94.2 s. The FXI:C and FXI:Ag were decreased to 1% and 1.3%, respectively. The APTT of her father, mother, son and daughter was 42.1 s, 43.0 s, 42.5 s and 41.0 s, respectively. The FXI:C and FXI:Ag of them were almost halved compared with the normal values. The APTT, FXI:C and FXI:Ag of her husband were all normal. Genetic testing revealed that the proband has carried a heterozygous missense c.1103G>A (p.Gly350Glu) variant in exon 10 and a heterozygous missense c.1556G>A (p.Trp501stop) variant in exon 13 of the F11 gene. The father and daughter were heterozygous for the c.1103G>A variant, whilst the mother and son were heterozygous for the c.1556G>A variant. Both Gly350 and Trp501 are highly conserved among homologous species, and both variants were predicted to be "disease causing" by Mutation Taster. Protein modeling indicated there are two hydrogen bonds between Gly350 and Phe312 in the wild-type, while the p.Gly350Glu variant may add a hydrogen bond to Glu and Tyr351 and create steric resistance between the two, both may affect the structure and stability of protein.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.1103G>A and c.1556G>A compound heterozygous variants probably underlay the pathogenesis of congenital FXI deficiency in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Exons/genetics , Factor XI/genetics , Factor XI Deficiency/genetics , Heterozygote , Mutation , Pedigree
12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 100-104, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883839

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of early mobilization on mortality in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with mechanical ventilation after discharge by Meta-analysis.Methods:Databases including SinoMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang data, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Embase were searched from inception to September 17th, 2020, to collect randomized controlled trials (RCT) about early mobilization on mortality of patients with mechanical ventilation in ICU after discharge, the references included in the literature were traced. The control group was given routine care, the experimental group was given early mobilization on the basis of the control group, including passive or active mobilization on the bed, sitting on the bed, standing by the bed, transferring to the bedside chair and assisting walking. The literature screening, data extracting, and the bias risk assessment of included studies were conducted independently by two reviewers. Stata 12.0 software was then used to perform Meta-analysis. Funnel plot was used to test publication bias.Results:A total of 10 RCT studies involving 1 323 patients were included, with 660 patients in the control group and 663 patients in the experimental group. The results of literature quality evaluation showed that 7 studies were grade A and 3 studies were grade B, indicating that the overall quality of included literatures was high. The Meta-analysis results showed that early mobilization did not increase the mortality of patients with mechanical ventilation in ICU after discharge [odds ratio ( OR) = 0.92, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.75-1.13, P = 0.449]. Subgroup analysis results showed that early mobilization had a tendency to reduce the mortality of ICU patients with mechanical ventilation at 3, 6 and 12 months after discharge, but the difference was not statistically significant (3-month mortality: OR = 1.02, 95% CI was 0.74-1.40, P = 0.927; 6-month mortality: OR = 0.95, 95% CI was 0.70-1.27, P = 0.712; 12-month mortality: OR = 0.60, 95% CI was 0.33-1.10, P = 0.101). Funnel plot showed that the distribution of included literatures was not completely symmetrical, suggesting that publication bias might exist. Conclusions:Early mobilization does not increase the mortality of ICU patients with mechanical ventilation after discharge. Although it tends to have a favorable outcome in reducing mortality, and has a trend to reduce the mortality. However, due to the small number of included literatures, small sample size and differences in the specific implementation of early mobilization among various studies, a large number of high-quality RCT studies are still needed for further verification.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882735

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of plasma exosome miR-18a-3p on of apoptosis and cell cycle cumulus cells (CCs) in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) via targeting CITED2.Methods:qRT-PCR assay was used to detect the expression of miR-18a-3p in plasma, plasma-derived exosome and CCs of patients no matter with PCOS and non PCOS. After being transfected with miR-18a-3p mimic, the exosome was co-cultured with CCs, the cell cycle distribution and apoptosis of CCs were detected by flow cytometry assays. Gene ontology (GO) analysis was performed and CITED2 was included in follow up experiments. pcDNA3.1-CITED was transfected into CCs and then co-cultured with exosome to explore the co-effect of miR-18a-3p and CITED2 on the cell cycle and apoptosis of CCs.Results:The plasma-derived exosome isolated from CCs with PCOS were identified successfully, and the expression of miR-18a-3p was significantly decreased in plasma, exosome and CCs in PCOS, compared with that in non-PCOS (all P<0.05) . CITED2 could be regulated as a target of miR-18a-3p in CCs. Compared with NC group, overexpression of miR-18a-3p could significantly decrease proportion of CCs cells in G0/G1 phase and inhibit their apoptosis in PCOS patients (all P<0.05) . The effect of over-expressing miR-18a-3p could be partially reversed by up-regulating CITED2 (all P<0.05) . Conclusions:Plasma exosomal miR-18a-3p has the effect to induce the S phase of CCs cells, subsequently inhibit apoptosis, then restrain the progression of PCOS. Plasma exosomal miR-18a-3p is expected to play a paramount role in the target therapy of PCOS.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871973

ABSTRACT

Objective:A multi-center and large sample volume study was conducted on the verification and improvement of the early established criteria for intelligent routine urinalysis validation (including the microscopic review rules and manual validation rules, referred to as intelligent criteria for short), in order to improve the clinical application of this intelligent criteria.Methods:A total of 31 456 urine specimens were collected from the inpatients and outpatients in six hospitals in China, from March to September 2019. Firstly, 3105 specimens were analyzed for preliminary verification and improvement of the intelligent criteria based on the results of the microscopic examination and manual validation. Secondly, 28 351 specimens were used to verify the clinical application of the improved intelligent criteria. All samples were manually validated as reference.Results:The approval inconsistency rate of the manual validation rules in the original intelligent criteria was 8.59% (202/2 352), and the interception inconsistency rate was 8.84% (208/2 352). The false negative rate and the microscopic review rate of the microscopic review rules were similar to the previous results. Based on an in-depth analysis of big data and the discussions by senior technicians from eight hospitals, one microscopic review rules and four manual validation rules were added, meanwhile two manual validation rule was deleted. The manual validation standards were unified. Finally, the intelligent criteria was improved. Based on the improved intelligent criteria, for microscopic review rules, the false positive rate, false negative rate (misdiagnosis rate), and microscopic review rate did not change significantly, which were 14.72% (457/3 105), 4.06% (126/3 105), and 24.73% (768/3 105), respectively. The approval inconsistency rate and the interception inconsistency rate of manual validation rules were both reduced to 0; the total manual validation rate of the intelligent criteria was 50.89% (1 580/3 105), and the auto-validation rate was 49.11% (1 525/3 105). The large sample volume verification results were consistent with the preliminary verification results of the improved intelligent criteria.Conclusion:This multi-center and large sample volume study had shown that the improved intelligent criteria had better clinical performance.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871726

ABSTRACT

Usher syndrome (USH) is the most common cause of deaf-blindness diseases characterized by sensorineural hearing loss and retinitis pigmentosa. Patients are clinically and genetically heterogeneous, however, there are no convincing methods for prevention and treatment. USH2A is the most common disease-causing gene among 14 genes related to Usher syndrome. Great progress has been achieved in the pathogenic mechanism, animal models studies, diagnosis, and treatments based on gene therapy, cells transplantation and antisense oligonucleotide-based splice correction. Mutations in USH2A result in defects in USH complex proteins which involved in the transport function of the peripheral cilia region. There is respective limitations in established mouse and zebrafish animal models. Two promising treatments of this disease are introduced. One is clinical transplantation of visual organs which induced from corrected patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells by the CRISPR/Cas9 system and another one is the RNA splicing therapy based on antisense oligonucleotides.

16.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 350-356, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866819

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the cognitive impairment after intensive care unit (ICU) discharge and provide theoretical basis for prevention and intervention.Methods:Studies about cognitive impairment after ICU discharge were retrieved in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Wanfang data, CNKI and SinoMed from their foundation to December 2019. The literature screening and data extraction were performed by two researchers independently, and the quality of different types of researches was evaluated using Cochrane Handbook 5.1.0, Newcastle-Ottawa scale (NOS) and agency for healthcare research and quality criteria (AHRQ). The Meta-analysis was performed by Stata 13.0 software. Sensitivity analysis was used to determine the reliability of the combined effect values. Funnel plot and Egger test were used to analyze publication bias. The non-parametric clipping was used to evaluate the impact of publication bias on the results.Results:A total of 35 studies were enrolled, including 27 prospective cohort studies, 4 retrospective cohort studies, 2 randomized controlled trial (RCT) studies, 1 case-control study, and 1 cross-sectional study. Three literatures were published in Chinese and 32 were in English, which covered 13 countries, and a total of 102 504 ICU survivors were followed up successfully. Literature quality evaluation results showed that the NOS scores of 31 cohort studies were between 6 and 9, of which the case-control study scored 9. The quality grade of 2 RCT studies were both B. According to the AHRQ criteria, 1 cross-sectional study's design was scientifically rigorous and of high quality. Thirty-five studies reported that the overall incidence of cognitive impairment after ICU discharge ranged from 2.47% to 66.07%. For the multiple follow-ups studies, the first survey data was selected for Meta-analysis, and the results showed that the pooled incidence was 38.44% [95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 29.32-47.55]. Each study was removed for sensitivity analysis and the pooled results did not change much, which indicated that the results were reliable. The sub-group analysis was performed on different evaluation methods for cognitive impairment after ICU discharge, different types of ICU patients, and different follow-up time. The results showed that the pooled incidence of studies using neuropsychological test to evaluate cognitive impairment after ICU discharge was 31.42% (95% CI was 21.82-41.02), the pooled incidence of studies using questionnaires or scales was 38.75% (95% CI was 29.54-47.96), and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P < 0.01). The pooled incidence of cognitive impairment after ICU discharge in general ICU patients was 43.42% (95% CI was 30.88-55.95), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients' pooled incidence was 34.40% (95% CI was 23.02-45.79), and the pooled incidence of elderly ICU patients was 12.93% (95% CI was 8.48-17.37), the difference among the three groups was statistically significant ( P < 0.01). The incidences of cognitive impairment < 1 year, 1 to 4 years, ≥ 5 years after ICU discharge were 43.30% (95% CI was 29.47-57.13), 34.21% (95% CI was 26.70-41.72), and 20.22% (95% CI was 4.89-35.55), respectively, and the differences among the three groups were statistically significant ( P < 0.01). The funnel plot showed that the distribution of all studies was asymmetric, and the Egger test result also suggested that there might be publication bias ( P < 0.05). The non-parametric clipping was used to estimate the impact of publication bias on the results, and the result showed that the difference in the incidence of cognitive impairment after ICU discharge before and after non-parametric clipping was large, suggesting that publication bias might influence the stability of the research results. Conclusions:The incidence of cognitive impairment after ICU discharge is relatively high and persistent for a long time, but diagnostic criteria of cognitive impairment and follow-up time are quite different. It is necessary to develop consistent evaluation criteria and rigorous designed research in the further.

17.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 357-361, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866815

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of preventing and treatment of pharmaceuticals on intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICU-AW) by systematic review.Methods:The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) concerning pharmaceutical prevention and treatment about ICU-AW in SinoMed, CNKI, Wanfang data, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, EMbase, and other sources were searched from their foundation to May 30th, 2019. The patients in the intervention group were treated with drugs to prevent or treat ICU-AW; and those in control group were treated with other rehabilitation methods. Data searching, extracting and quality evaluation were assessed by two reviewers independently. Stata 12.0 software was then used for Meta-analysis. Only descriptive analysis was conducted when only one study was enrolled.Results:A total of 11 RCTs were enrolled with 1 865 patients in the intervention group and 1 894 in the control group. The results of quality evaluation showed that 4 studies were A-level and 7 studies were B-level, indicating that the overall quality of the enrolled literature was high. Meta-analysis showed that intensive insulin therapy could prevent ICU-AW [relative risk ( RR) = 0.761, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.662-0.876, P = 0.000], but reduced phenylalanine loss (nmol·100 mL -1·min -1: -3±3 vs. -11±3, P < 0.05) and glutamine intake (nmol·100 mL -1·min -1: -97±22 vs. -51±13, P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the prevention and treatment of ICU-AW between other drugs (including growth hormone, glutamine, dexmedetomidine, neostigmine, oxandrolone, and intravenous immunoglobulin) and control group. Conclusions:Intensive insulin therapy can prevent ICU-AW, but the risk of hypoglycemia will increase. Other drugs including growth hormone, glutamine, dexmedetomidine, neostigmine, oxandrolone, and intravenous immunoglobulin have no obvious advantages in the prevention and treatment of ICU-AW, so no drug has been recommended to prevent and treat ICU-AW.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864806

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of SBAR communication mode based on early warning hierarchical management in emergency observation room.Methods:Formulating the handover program of SBAR communication mode based on the early warning hierarchical management, systematically training the nurses of the observation room and put into effect.The 455 patients transferred by 18 nurses in the observation room from November to December 2018 were listed as the control group, and the traditional SBAR communication mode was implemented for the handover.A total of 443 patients with nurse handover from November to December 2019 were included in the observation group, and the SBAR communication mode based on early warning hierarchical management was implemented. The incidence of adverse nursing events, quality of nursing handover, doctors' and nurses' satisfaction with the handover were compared between the two groups.Results:The incidence of adverse events was 1.81%(8/443) in the observation group and 7.91%(36/455) in the control group, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (χ 2 value was 17.96, P < 0.05).In the observation group, the nursing handover quality and nurse's knowledge of the patients’ condition were (91.37±2.73) points and (96.7%,58/60) respectively, while those in the control group were (89.07±2.76) points and (81.7%, 49/60).The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t value was -2.38, χ 2 value was 6.99,all P<0.05).The satisfaction of doctors and nurses on nursing handover was 95.0%(57/60) and 95.0%(57/60)in the observation group respectively, and that in the control group was 83.3%(50/60) and 81.7%(49/60) respectively.The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (χ 2 values were 4.23, 5.18, P < 0.05). Conclusions:SBAR communication mode based on early warning classification can significantly improve the early warning ability of nurses in emergency observation room during the shift, reduce the occurrence of adverse nursing events, improve the quality of nursing shift, and improve the satisfaction of doctors and nurses.

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Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 399-404, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862863

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the occurrence of stroke and its associated risk factors in patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN).Methods:The data of patients diagnosed as Ph-negative MPN in the Affiliated Yuebei People's Hospital of Shantou University Medical College from January 2016 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The occurrence of stroke in these patients and the clinical characteristics were summarized. Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of stroke in MPN patients.Results:A total of 193 Ph-negative MPN patients were collected, including 103 males and 90 females. The median age of onset was 62 years old (24-93 years old). There were 129 patients (66.84%) with essential thrombocythemia, 46 patients (23.83%) with polycythemia vera, and 18 patients (9.33%) with primary myelofibrosis. In 193 patients with MPN, there were 31 patients (16.06%) with stroke, including 30 cases (15.54%) of ischemic stroke and 1 case (0.52%) of hemorrhagic stroke, and the incidence of ischemic stroke was higher than that of hemorrhagic stroke, the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 54.258, P < 0.01). Among the patients with stroke, JAK2V617F mutation was observed to be the most common driver mutation (80.65%, 25/31). The small-artery occlusive cerebral infarction was the most common in ischemic stroke (63.33%, 19/30). Compared with MPN patients without stroke, those with stroke displayed higher hemoglobin level [(156±35) g/L vs. (138±40) g/L] and concurrent JAK2V617F and CALR mutations rate [3.23% (1/31) vs. 0.62% (1/162)], and lower CALR mutation rate [3.23% (1/31) vs. 19.14% (31/162)], the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis revealed that hemoglobin ≥ median level (140 g/L) was a risk factor for stroke in MPN patients ( OR = 2.903, 95% CI 1.163-7.244, P = 0.022), and CALR mutation acted as a protective factor for stroke ( OR = 0.090, 95% CI 0.009-0.932, P = 0.044). Conclusions:Ischemic stroke is more common than hemorrhagic stroke in Ph-negative MPN patients, and the small-artery occlusive cerebral infarction is also more frequently found in these patients. Hemoglobin ≥140 g/L is a risk factor for stroke in MPN patients, and CALR mutation is a protective factor.

20.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1595-1598,1602, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789906

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical value of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)and echocardiography in diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).Methods 3 6 patients with HCM diagnosed clinically underwent CMR examination,and then compared with the results of echocardiography.Results 36 cases of HCM were all detected by CMR,including 15 cases of ventricular-septal HCM,5 cases of diffuse HCM,4 cases of midventricular HCM,2 cases of anterior-wall HCM and 10 cases of apical HCM.In addition,12 cases were performed enhanced-CMR scanning,and myocardial ischemia was showed in 4 cases and myocardial fibrosis in 5 cases.1 3 cases of ventricular-septal HCM,5 cases of diffuse HCM,3 cases of midventricular HCM and 1 cases of anterior-wall HCM were detected by echocardiography respectively(22/26).There was no significant difference between echocardiography and CMR(26/26)(P>0.05).However, only 3 cases of apical HCM were detected by echocardiography (3/10)definitlely,and there was statistically significant difference between echocardiography and CMR(10/10)(P<0.05).Additionally,on CMR theleft ventricular ejection fraction(EF)in all patients [(58.24±3.24)%] was significantly lower than the results of echocardiography [(71.20±6.24)%]and the left ventricular mass (LVM)[(126.54±36.42)g/m2 ]was higher than echocardiography [(84.54±36.42)g/m2 ],and the mean EF and LVM value had a significant difference between echocardiography and CMR (P<0.05).Conclusion CMR imaging is superior to echocardiography in the diagnosis of HCM and evaluation of cardiac function,especially in the apical HCM.In addition,myocardial perfusion and delayed-enhanced imaging can effectively assess myocardial perfusion and viability in HCM.

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