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1.
Cell Journal [Yakhteh]. 2017; 18 (4): 565-581
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-185782

ABSTRACT

Objective: Induced pluripotent stem cells are generated from somatic cells by direct reprogramming. These reprogrammed pluripotent cells have different applications in biomedical fields such as regenerative medicine. Although viral vectors are widely used for efficient reprogramming, they have limited applications in the clinic due to the risk for immunogenicity and insertional mutagenesis. Accordingly, we designed and developed a small, non-integrating plasmid named pLENSO/Zeo as a 2A-mediated polycistronic expression vector


Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, we developed a single plasmid which includes a single expression cassette containing open reading frames of human LIN28, NANOG, SOX2 and OCT4 along with an EGFP reporter gene. Each reprogramming factor is separated by an intervening sequence that encodes a 2A self-processing peptide. The reprogramming cassette is located downstream of a CMV promoter. The vector is easily propagated in the E. coli GT115 strain through a CpG-depleted vector backbone. We evaluated the stability of the constructed vector bioinformatically, and its ability to stoichiometric expression of the reprogramming factors using quantitative molecular methods analysis after transient transfection into HEK293 cells


Results: In the present study, we developed a nonviral episomal vector named pLENSO/Zeo. Our results demonstrated the general structural stability of the plasmid DNA. This relatively small vector showed concomitant, high-level expression of the four reprogramming factors with similar titers, which are considered as the critical parameters for efficient and consistent reprogramming


Conclusion: According to our experimental results, this stable extrachromosomal plasmid expresses reliable amounts of four reprogramming factors simultaneously. Consequently, these promising results encouraged us to evaluate the capability of pLENSO/Zeo as a simple and feasible tool for generation of induced pluripotent stem cells from primary cells in the future


Subject(s)
Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , CpG Islands , Plasmids/genetics , Bacteria/genetics
2.
IJB-Iranian Journal of Biotechnology. 2014; 12 (4): 1-9
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-171398

ABSTRACT

PhiC31 integrase system provides a new platform in various felid of research, mainly in gene therapy and creation of transgenic animals. This system enables integration of exogenous DNA into preferred locations in mammalian genomes, which results in robust, long-term expression of the integrated transgene. Identification of a novel pseudo attP site. Genomic DNA was extracted from primary bovine fetal fibroblast cells, which were stably trans-fected with EGFP and phiC31 integrase cDNAs carrying vectors. An inverse PCR was carried out for production of mini-circle DNAs and followed by sequencing. A new specific pseudo attP site termed BF5 was identified in bovine genome. This site is located in an intergenic AT rich region on chromosome 5 with similar features of other mammalian attP pseudo sites. Furthermore, direct sequencing of generated attL site confirmed that site-specific transgene recombination was occurred at this site. This finding confirmed that phiC31 integrase could be feasible for production of transgenic animals for biotechnological applications

3.
Yakhteh Medical Journal. 2010; 12 (2): 207-214
in Fa, English | IMEMR | ID: emr-98591

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to produce a stable CHO cell line expressing tenecteplase. In the first step, the tenecteplase coding sequence was cloned in a pDB2 vector containing attB recognition sites for the phage phi C31 integrase. Then, using lipofection, the CHO cells were co-transfected with constructed recombinant plasmid encoding tenecteplase and attB recognition sites and the integrase coding sequence containing pCMV-Int plasmid. As the recombinant plasmid contained the neomycin resistance gene [neo], stable cells were then selected using G418 as an antibiotic. Stable transformed cells were assessed using genomic PCR and RT-PCR. Finally, the functionality of tenecteplase was evaluated on the cell culture media. our results indicated that tenecteplase coding sequence was inserted into the CHO cell genome and was successfully expressed. Moreover, tenecteplase activity assessment indicated the presence of our functional tenecteplase in the cell culture medium. Considering the data obtained from this study, phi C31 integrase can be used for the production of a stable cell line and it be used to introduce ectopic genes into mammalian cells


Subject(s)
CHO Cells , Cell Line , Integrases
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