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1.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366792

ABSTRACT

A 72-year-old man suffering from congestive heart failure, swelling of the lower limbs and hematuria was transferred from another hospital with a diagnosis of large aneurysms of the abdominal aorta and the left common iliac artery. Iliac arteriovenous fistula (AVF) was definitively diagnosed preoperatively by contrast-enhanced CT and angiogaphy. At operation, an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm of 8cm and left iliac arterial aneurysm of 12cm were identified. After proximal and distal aortic clamping, the aneurysm was entered and an AVF orifice of 1cm communicating with the left common iliac vein was disclosed at the right posterior wall of the left common iliac artery. Venous blood reflux was controlled by inserting an occlusive balloon catheter to the fistula and intraoperative shed blood was aspirated and returned by an autotransfusion system. The AVF was closed from inside the iliac aneurysm by three interrupted 3-0 monofilament mattress sutures with pledgets. The aneurysms were resected and replaced with a bifurcated Dacron prosthetic graft. The patient had an uncomplicated postoperative recovery; the lower limb edema subsided and heart failure improved rapidly. Preoperative identification of the location of the AVF is mandatory to make surgery safe. Moreover, easy availability or routine use of the devices for controlling undue blood loss such as an autotransfusion system and an occlusive balloon catheter are other important supplementary means to obtain good results of surgical treatment.

2.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366349

ABSTRACT

A 24-year-old woman had been injured in an automobile accident. The chest X-ray showed widening of the mediastinum and computed tomography showed mediastinal hematoma around the aortic arch. Aortic rupture was suspected, so we performed aortography, which revealed pseudoaneurysm of the descending aorta. Moreover, she also had splenic rupture and pelvic fracture. She underwent an emergency operation 4 hours after the accident. Medial tear of the descending aorta was replaced with a graft under temporary bypass without heparin. Simultaneously, splenectomy was performed. Her postoperative course was uneventful. We consider that temporary bypass without heparin is a useful method during repair of the descending aortic rupture due to trauma.

3.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366117

ABSTRACT

A gelatin-sealed knitted Dacron graft which has zero-porosity at implantation and does not require preclotting preparation has been developed. Gelatin-sealed aortic grafts were implanted into 39 patients and vascular surgery reconstruction was performed for thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) in 10, abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in 19, and arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO) and other conditions in 10. A total of 39 bifurcated or straight grafts were inserted. The Gelseal Dacron graft had superior handling characteristics and biocompatibility in comparison to conventional graft. There was no measurable blood loss from the body of the sealed graft at the time of implantation. The gelatin-sealed Dacron graft (<i>n</i>=10) was compared with an Intervascular Micron<sup>®</sup> graft (<i>n</i>=10) implanted into the abdominal aorta. No problems were evident with regard to intraoperative bleeding, allogenic and autologous transfusion volume and blood parameters between the two groups. These results suggested that the Gelseal Dacron graft sealed with gelatin was a safe, zero-porosity implantable prosthesis for clinical use.

4.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-365892

ABSTRACT

Twenty six adult patients who underwent prosthetic heart valve replacement and treated anti-thrombogenic therapy, were divided into 2 groups. One was administered Warfarin alone, another was administered Warfarin plus Aspirin (162mg/day) as antiplatelet therapy. Trapidil (300mg/day) was administered to all of the patients. Platelet aggregation, plasma level of TXB<sub>2</sub> (stable metabolite of thromboxane A<sub>2</sub>), and 6-keto-PGF<sub>1</sub> (stable metabolite of PGI<sub>2</sub>) were measured before and 1, 3, 6 months after Trapidil therapy. Platelet aggregability suppressed in both 2 groups. Plasma TXB<sub>2</sub> level, and TXB<sub>2</sub>/6-keto-PGF<sub>1</sub> ratio showed a tendensy to decrease (<i>p</i><0.05) 6 months after administration. In the Aspirin plus Trapidil group, platelet aggregability, serum TXB<sub>2</sub> level, and TXB<sub>2</sub>/6-keto-PGF<sub>1</sub> ratio are significantly lower than that in the Trapidil only. These results suggest that Trapidil is clinically useful for antiplatelet agent, but the combined Aspirin plus Trapidil therapy is more efficacious than the Aspirin or Trapidil single therapy.

5.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-365883

ABSTRACT

We have recently experienced a case of impending ruptured aneurysm of the common iliac artery associated with a gelatinous substance in the retroperitoneal space. A 69 year-old male had been diagnosed as a left common iliac aneurysm at another hospital by CTscan during the examination of lower abdominal pain. At the midnight of the day he admitted, the severity of pain gradually intensified. But there was no sign of anemia nor hypotension. Next morning CTscan showed low density left retroperitoneal mass. The patient underwent emergency laparotomy. The further inspection revealed about 600cm<sup>3</sup> of gelatinous substance in left retroperitoneal space without the sign of aneurysmal rupture. A bifurcated graft replacement was performed. The low density mass was not recognized by CTscan done 42 days postoperatively. Electrolyte study of the gelatinous substance indicated its serous leakage through the impending ruptured aneurysm. Our present report constitutes a completely distinct variety of common iliac aneurysm, associated with a gelatinous substance in retroperitoneal space without a major rent of the aneurysmal wall.

6.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-365364

ABSTRACT

Left heart bypass was performed with Bio Medicus Co.-made Bio-pump, a representative centrifugal pump. A vinyl chloride tube for the usual cardio-pulmonary bypass not treated with antithrombogenic material. was used in the bypass circuit. In the experiment, the mongreal adult dogs were divided into the systemic heparinized group and non-heparinized group and the bypass was performed for 6 hours. As a result, coagulation and fibrinolysis were more activated in the non-heparinized group than the other group. So, when this method is used clinically, a small quantity of heparin should be administered. Clinically, this approach was used as an adjunct in operation for 7 cases of thoracic aortic aneurysm. During left heart bypass, a small quantity of heparin (0.5-1.0mg/kg) was administered. A rise in FPA and FDP considered attributable to autotransfusion during the operation was noted. Distal perfusion could be performed fully and the amount of bleeding during and after operation was small, but 1 case each of acute renal failure and paraplegia as postoperative complication was encountered. Neither was considered due to left heart bypass; and, changes in respiratory system and hepato-renal function were considered within the tolerable range. These results have led us to believe that left heart bypass using Bio-pump is safe and useful as an adjunct in operation for thoracic aortic aneurysm and should be used positively in the future.

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