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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2951-2954, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862297

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents from ethyl acetate extract of Gleditsiae spina were isolated and purified by various chromatographic methods such as MCI gel CHP-20, ODS, Sephadex LH-20, silica gel and semi-preparative HPLC. Seven lignans were isolated and identified by spectroscopic data analyses as (7R,8S,7'E,7''S,8''R)-buddlenol P (1), (+)-syringaresinol (2), (+)-isolariciresinol (3), (7S,8R)-cedrusin (4), (7S,8R)-4,9,9'-trihydroxy-3,3'-dimethoxy-7,8-dihydrobenzofuran-1'-propylneolignan (5), 3',4-O-dimethylcedrusin (6), balanophonin (7). Among them, compound 1 is a new lignan, compounds 2-7 are isolated from the Gleditsia L. for the first time. MTT method was used to investigate the effect of compounds 2-7 on LPS-induced injury of NRK-52e cells. As a result, compounds 2, 3 and 7 exhibit protective effects against LPS-induced damage to NRK-52e cells.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1131-1133, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779980

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to study the chemical constituents from bulbil of Dioscorea opposite Thunb.. Four compounds were isolated by silica gel column chromatography. On the basis of physic-chemical characters and spectroscopic data analysis, these compounds were identified as lyzalkaloid (3,4-dihydro-6-hydroxy-4-methyl-6H-pyrido[6,5-b]indol-5(1H)-one) (1), anoectochine (2), ginsenine (3), and 2-hydroxy-3-(1H-indol-3-yl) propanoic acid methyl ester (4). Compound 1 is a new indole alkaloid, named as lyzalkaloid. Compounds 2-4 were isolated from this plant for the first time. The cytotoxic activities were assessed by MTT assay. All compounds exhibited the cytotoxic activity against HepG2 and MDA-231 with IC50 values of over 100 μmol·L-1, respectively. All compounds show no significant cytotoxic activities against HepG2, MDA-231 cancer cell.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851505

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the chemical constituents from the ethyl acetate extract of Gleditsiae Spina. Methods The chemical constituents were isolated and identified by chromatography on silica gel, Toyopearl HW-40C, Sephadex LH-20, MCI Gel CHP-20, ODS, and RP-HPLC. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectral analyses. Results Eighteen compounds were isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of Gleditsiae Spina, and identified as scopoletin (1), (-)-(7R,8S)-erythro-guaiacylglycerol (2), 5-methoxy-guaiacylglycerol (3), (-)-(7R,8R)-threo-guaiacylglycerol (4), 3,4’- dihydroxypropiophenone (5), dihydroferulic acid (6), p-hydroxybenzoic acid (7), indole-3-carbaldehyde (8), protocatechuic acid methyl (9), protocatechuic aldehyde (10), syringic acid (11), 2-guaiacylpropane-1,3-diol (12), (2R*,3R*,4S*)-2,3-diguaiacyl-4- hydroxyl tetrahydrofuran (13), 3-(2-oxopropyl)-3-hydroxy-indolin-2-one (14), juglanin D (15), C-veratroylglycol (16), 3-(4-hydroxyl-3-methoxyphenyl)-propan-1,2-diol (17), and (-)-syringaresinol (18). Conclusion Eighteen compounds are isolated from this plant for the first time.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706613

ABSTRACT

The medical alliance,as a new exploration of the joint structure of medical institutions at present,can promote the sinking of quality medical resources and promote the integration of medical resources in the region.Medical governance is one of the most important way for medical reform in China.In the paper,the path choice of the corporate governance of medical alliance is explored,and the corresponding policy suggestions are proposed.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706611

ABSTRACT

At present,the functional positioning,service capabilities and resource allocation of various medical institutions differs in China,the tertiary public hospitals,which are rich in high-quality resources,are playing a significant role in integrating medical resources,improving the accessibility and affordability of services and achieving the Chinese national health goal.Through the analysis of the importance and key problems of leading hospitals in a variety of medical alliance,the paper explores the basic ideas and pathways of public hospitals' leading role in various forms of medical alliances.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1299-1301, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779726

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents of Dioscorea opposite Thunb. were isolated and purified by Diaion HP-20, Sephadex LH-20, Toyopearl HW-40, MCI Gel CHP-20, ODS, silica gel column chromatography and semi-preparative-HPLC. Nine compounds were found and their structures were elucidated by spectral data and physicochemical properties, which were identified as 2-(1',2',3'-trihydroxybutyl-4'-O-α-D-glucopyranoside)-6-(2",3",4"-trihydroxybutyl)-pyrazine (1), uracil (2), xanthine (3), hypoxanthine (4), thymine (5), adenosine (6), uridine (7), inosine (8), and 5'-deoxy-5'-methylsulphinyladenosine (9). The compound 1 is a new pyrazine derivative, and the compound 3-5, 8, 9 are found in this plant for the first time.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695942

ABSTRACT

This article was aimed to study the chemical constituents of Dioscorea opposita Thunb.The chemical constituents were isolated and purified by Diaion HP-20,Toyopearl HW-40,Sephadex LH-20,MCI Gel CHP-20,silica gel column chromatography and preparative HPLC,TLC,purification and isolation from Dioscorea opposita Thunb.The structures of isolated compounds were identified by thc physicochemical properties and spectral analysis.The result showed that 14 compounds were isolated from Dioscorea opposita Thunb.The chemical structures were elucidated as L-Tryptophane (1),Seguinosides F (2),1-methoxycarbonyl-β-carboline (3),Helichrysin A (4),Bungein A (5),Hydroquinone (6),Zarzissine (7),Cyclo-(Pro-Thr) (8),4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl alcohol (9),pyridine-3-carboxamide (10),Arbutin (11),Methyl syringate 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (12),L-Phenylalanine (13),1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid,1,2-bis[2-(2-hydroxyethoxy) ethyl] ester (14).It was concluded that chemical compounds 1-14 were isolated for the first time from Dioscorea opposita Thunb.

8.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 519-524, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876980

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of 1,2-dichloroethane( 1,2-DCE) on myelin basic protein( MBP),neuron specific enolase( NSE) and S100 protein in the plasma of SD rats. METHODS: Forty-eight specific pathogen free adult SD rats were randomly divided into control group,low-dose group and high-dose group,with 8 females and 8 males in each group. Rats were given 1,2-DCE orally at the dose of 0,27 and 79 mg / kg body weight every other day( every Wednesday,Monday and Friday) for 4 weeks. After 1,2-DCE administration,8 survived rats( half male and female) were randomly selected in each group. The plasma levels of MBP,NSE and S100 protein were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The blood and urinary samples were collected to assess the concentration of 1,2-DCE and its main metabolites( 2-chlorideacetic acid, 2-chlorideacetaldehyde and 2-chlorideethanol) by gas chromatography. The pathological changes of cerebrum and cerebellum were observed through optical microscope,and the expression of MBP was detected by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Rats in high-dose group showed abnormal behavior from the third day of1,2-DCE exposure and 6 rats( 2 females,4 males) died from 1,2-DCE intoxication. Rats in low-dose group and control group appeared normal and no death was observed. MBP level in the plasma of high-dose group was higher than that in the control group( P < 0. 05),but the levels of NSE and S100 protein in each group did not show significant statisticaldifference( P > 0. 05). 1,2-DCE and 2-chloroethanol in the urine were detected in the high-dose group,and were below detection limit in the other two groups. 2-Chloroacetic acid level in high dose-group was significantly higher than that in the low-dose group( P < 0. 05),and was below detection limit in the control group. 2-Chloroacetaldehyde in the urine of each group was below detection limit. 1,2-DCE and its 3 kinds of metabolites were not detected in the plasma of all rats. There was no obvious structural damage,bleeding,edema or necrosis found in the cortex and white matter of cerebrum and cerebellum. The expression of MBP in the choroid plexus epithelial cells were significantly enhanced in the lateral ventricle and the fourth ventricle of rats in the high-dose group,and slight enhanced in rats in the low-dose group. CONCLUSION: MBP may play a role in the toxic effect of 1,2-DCE.

9.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 138-142, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876918

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of aquaporin 4( APQ4) in rat toxic brain edema induced by subacute 1,2-dichloroethane( 1,2-DCE) exposure. METHODS: Thirty-two specific pathogen free healthy adult female SD rats were randomly divided into control( 8 rats),low-dose( 12 rats) and high-dose( 12 rats) groups. The treatment groups were exposed to 1,2-DCE( low-dose: 600 mg / m3; high-dose: 1 800 mg/m3,nose-only) and the control group was exposed to fresh air by dynamic inhalation for 8 hours per day for consecutive 7 days. After exposure,histopathologic changes were examined in the cerebral cortex. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the mRNA relative expression of matrix metalloproteinase 2( MMP2),Na-K-Cl cotransporter-1( NKCC1) and AQP4. The Western blotting was used to detect the expression of AQP4 protein in the cerebral cortex. RESULTS: The pathological results showed that the cerebral cortex tissues were loose around the peripheral vessels and the vessels tissue space appeared widen in low-dose exposure group. The pathological change was more serious in high-dose group than low-dose group,with obvious loosen vessels and vacuole. Compared with those of the control group and the low-dose group,the relative expression level of MMP2 mRNA in the high-dose group increased significantly[( 1. 07 ± 0. 41) vs( 1. 56 ± 0. 55),( 1. 21 ± 0. 59) vs( 1. 56 ± 0. 55),P <0. 05],while the the relative expression level of AQP4 mRNA in the high-dose group significantly decreased [( 1. 03 ±0. 25) vs( 0. 81 ± 0. 12),( 1. 00 ± 0. 20) vs( 0. 81 ± 0. 12),P < 0. 05]. The relative expression levels of NKCC1 mRNA in all groups showed no statistical difference [( 1. 03 ± 0. 31) vs( 1. 14 ± 0. 43) vs( 1. 36 ± 0. 50),P > 0. 05]. The relative expression level of AQP4 protein in the high-dose group was lower than that of the control group [( 0. 80 ± 0. 25) vs( 1. 19 ± 0. 42),P < 0. 05]. CONCLUSION: The brain edema induced by subacute inhalation of 1,2-DCE is of mixed types with vasogenic edema as its main symptom. Its pathogenesis is related to the changes of AQP4 expression.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461937

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Previous studies on immunosuppression and anti-rejection after organ transplantation mainly focused on effects of T lymphocytes-mediated immune response and immunosuppressive agents on T lymphocytes. Effects of dendritic cel s were unclear. The manifestation and mechanism of immunosuppressive agent effects on dendritic cel s are not identical. OBJECTIVE:To compare the effects of different immunosuppressive agents on expression and function of costimulatory molecules of dendritic cel s, and to explore the mechanism of action of immunosuppressive agents. METHODS:20μg/L rapamycin, 0.04 mg/L mycophenolate, 10μg/L tacrolimus and 1 mg/L cyclosporine A were separately added during bone marrow cel s of C57BL/6 mice were differentiated into dendritic cel s. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Flow cytometry results revealed that CD40 expression in each group:rapamycin0.05). One-way mixed lymphocyte reaction results displayed dendritic cel costimulatory T cel proliferation in each group:rapamycin

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812260

ABSTRACT

AIM@#To study the chemical constituents of stems of Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) Schult.@*METHODS@#Chromatographic techniques using silica gel, C18 reversed phase silica gel, and prep-HPLC were used. The structures were elucidated on the basis of MS and spectroscopic analysis (1D and 2D NMR), as well as chemical methods.@*RESULTS@#Seven compounds were isolated and their structures were elucidated as conduritol A (1), stigmasterol (2), lupeol (3), stigmasterol-3-O-β-D-glucoside (4), the sodium salt of 22α-hydroxy-longispinogenin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→3)-β-D-glu-curono-pyranosyl-28-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (5), oleanolic acid-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside (6), and the sodium salt of 22α-hydroxy-longispinogenin 3-O-β-D-glucuronopyranosyl-28-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (7). The inhibition activities of compounds 1, 5-7 on non-enzymatic glycation of protein in vitro were evaluated.@*CONCLUSION@#Compound 7 is a new triterpenoid saponin. It was shown that compounds 1, 5-7 have weak inhibition activities for non-enzymatic glycation of protein in vitro.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Gymnema sylvestre , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plant Stems , Chemistry
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812227

ABSTRACT

AIM@#To investigate the active constituents of Lignum Sappan (Caesalpinia sappan L.) on growth-related signaling and cell mitosis.@*METHOD@#The influence of the ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extract of Lignum Sappan and its constituents on growth-related signaling were evaluated by a luciferase assay in cells stably-transfected with NF-κB, STAT1, or STAT3 responsive luciferase reporter plasmid. The inhibitory effect on the cell cycle was determined by flow cytometric analysis. The anti-tumor activities were assessed in vitro and in vivo.@*RESULTS@#The EtOAc extract of Lignum Sappan had inhibitory activities on growth-related signaling and cell mitosis. Three major active compounds were sappanchalcone, brazilin, and butein. Sappanchalcone blocked cell cycle progression in the G2/M phase, brazilin inhibited TNFα/NF-κB signaling, while butein inhibited IL-6/STAT3 signaling, as well as TNFα/NF-κB signaling. The three compounds all demonstrated cytotoxic activities against human tumor cells in vitro. In a S180 tumor cell-bearing mice model, the anti-tumor efficacy of the EtOAc extract was better than the individual compounds acting alone.@*CONCLUSION@#These results indicate that Lignum Sappan contains multiple active compounds with different antitumor activities, which act synergistically to enhance their anti-tumor effects. The EtOAc extract of Lignum Sappan may be better than individual active constituent as a novel medicine for the treatment of cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Benzopyrans , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Caesalpinia , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Chalcones , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Male , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mitosis , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Phytotherapy , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Metabolism , Sarcoma , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315023

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of laminarin polysaccharide (LP) on the activity of matrix metalloproteinase of photoaging skins.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Kunming SPF mice were prepared with back hair shaved, and randomly divided into the control group, the model group, the LP low does group (LP-L, 1 mg x kg(-1)), the LP high dose group (LP-H, 5 mg x kg(-1)) and the Vit E (100 mg x kg(-1)) group. They were abdominally injected with drugs twice on a daily basis. Except for the control group, all groups were exposed to ultraviolet rays for 1 hour every day, five times on a weekly basis, with accumulated exposure dose of UVB being 21.60 J x cm(-2) and accumulated exposure dose of UVA being 84.02 J x cm(-2). Eight weeks later, exposed back skins were collected to detect thickness of dermis by HE stain, content of hydroxyproline (Hyp) by chemical colorimetry, and serum MMP-1 and TIMP-1 content by ELISA. In addition, matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) mRNA and relative content of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP1) mRNA was analyzed with Real-time PCR.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with the model group, the LP-H group could significantly increase the thickness of dermis, skin Hyp content and serum TIMP-1 level, and decrease relative content of MMP-1 mRNA in skin and MMP-1 content in serum.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>LP can regulate the metabolism of collagen photoaging skins by adjusting the activity of matrix metalloproteinase.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Glucans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 13 , Genetics , Metabolism , Mice , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Polysaccharides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Skin Aging , Physiology , Radiation Effects , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Ultraviolet Rays
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235019

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the feasibility of using laser fluorescence device for assessing caries removal in primary teeth in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>8 primary molars with approximal caries were collected, and caries were removed in vitro. The laser fluorescence readings of dentin before and after caries removal were recorded. To judge the degree of caries removal by caries detector, polarizing microscope and dental microhardness tester. The correlation of DIAGNO-dent reading with Viker's Hardness was analyzed. The feasibility of using laser fluorescence for assessing caries removal was explored.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average Viker's Hardness of dentin after caries removal with staining was (46.99 +/- 12.44) HV, and the average Viker's Hardness of normal control was (67.39 +/- 16.59) HV. There was significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between laser fluorescence readings before and after caries removal with staining (P > 0.05). And there was significant difference between the laser fluorescence readings before and after the caries removal without staining (P < 0.05). It was observed by polarizing microscope that there was no caries residue in sample, no matter stain or not.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The laser fluorescence could not distinguish stained dentin from caries, and is not suitable for assessing caries removal.</p>


Subject(s)
Dental Caries , Dentin , Fluorescence , Hardness , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Lasers , Molar , Propylene Glycols , Rhodamines , Tooth, Deciduous
15.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 29-32, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268849

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the application of flow cytometry in diagnosis of T-cell rich diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Histopathologic features, immunohistochemical findings and flow cytometry results of three cases of T-cell rich diffuse large B-cell lymphoma were reviewed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In CD45-side scatter (SSC) dot plot of the first patient, two different CD45-positive lymphoid cell populations were identified. The bright population consisted of both T and B cells, with a T-cell predominance. The dim population consisted mainly of B cells which showed lambda light chain restriction. In the second patient, CD45-positive cells were subdivided into two groups according to CD45-SSC dot plot. The small population consisted of both T and B cells, with a T-cell predominance. The large population consisted mainly of B cells which showed kappa light chain restriction. In the third patient, CD19-positive cells were subdivided into two groups according to the expression of CD20 in CD19-CD20 dot plot. The CD20-positive population expressed both kappa and lambda light chains, while the CD20-negative population demonstrated kappa light chain restriction.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Neoplastic B cells can be distinguished from reactive lymphoid cells in T-cell rich diffuse large B-cell lymphoma by flow cytometry, according to a number of parameters which include intensity of antigen expression, loss of antigens, expression of non-B-cell lineage antigens, patterns of forward scatter (FSC) and/or SSC, and expression of immature B-cell antigens.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Antigens, CD19 , Metabolism , Antigens, CD20 , Metabolism , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Flow Cytometry , Methods , Humans , Immunoglobulin lambda-Chains , Metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Leukocyte Common Antigens , Metabolism , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , T-Lymphocytes , Metabolism , Pathology
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-574531

ABSTRACT

0.05).Conclusions The patients with sepsis lasting more than 7 days had high mortality (50%). While percentage of CD14 and CD14MFI of peripheral blood are increased,the total scores of SOFA and numbers of MOF are decreased.The improvement of monocytes function indicates good prognosis. The changes of expression of ICAM-1,serum TNF-? and IL-10 can not reflect prognosis in septic patients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 205-208, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229870

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the anti-myeloma activity of interleukin-2 activated bone marrow (ABM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) from multiple myeloma and iron-deficiency anemia patients were cultured in the presence of rIL-2. The anti-myeloma activity of ABM against U266 cells, cells expressing surface CD45, CD38, CD138, the levels of TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma in ABM culture supernatant were measured with MTT method, flow cytometry and ELISA method respectively after bone marrow was activated with rIL-2 for 24 and 72 hours.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The tumor-killing activities against U266 cells of ABM were significantly increased compared with that of non-activated bone marrow (NBM) at 72 hours [(69.70 +/- 26.57)% vs (43.20 +/- 12.39)%, P < 0.05] and 24 hours [(34.25 +/- 11.93)% vs (26.53 +/- 5.48)%]. The CD45(-)CD38(+)CD138(+) cells of ABM from myeloma group at 72 hours were decreased from (8.46 +/- 3.66)% to (4.79 +/- 1.56)% (P < 0.05). TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma were detectable after cultured for 24 hours in both normal control group and myeloma group and went higher at 72 hours. The level of TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma were significantly increased in ABM compared with that in NBM (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, there was a positive relationship between the level of TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma and cytotoxicity of ABM from normal control group at 24 hours and 72 hours (P < 0.05), and was a negative relationship between TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma levels and the CD45(-)CD38(+)CD138(+) cells in myeloma group at 72 hours (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Normal BMMNCs activated with rIL-2 have tumor-killing activities against U266 cells. Myeloma cells and tumor burden were decreased in myeloma bone marrow after the marrow was activated with rIL-2. Production of TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma from bone marrow cells including T cells, monocyte-macrophages and NK cells activated with rIL-2 might be involved in anti-myeloma activity of ABM.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Marrow Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cells, Cultured , Cytotoxicity, Immunologic , Allergy and Immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Interferon-gamma , Interleukin-2 , Allergy and Immunology , Pharmacology , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326752

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of Sanhuang Jiangtang recipe (SJR) on renin-angiotensin system in local myocardium in diabetic rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rats were made into diabetes model by intraperitoneally administering of streptozocin, and medicated through gastrogavage with SJR (50 g/kg), gliclazide (20 mg/kg), captopril (15 mg/kg) and nitrendipine (30 mg/kg) respectively, for successive 8 weeks, started from 2 weeks after modeling. Levels of fasting blood sugar (FBS), serum insulin (Ins), heart/body weight ratio (H/BW), myocardial angiotensin II (Ang II), angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) and aldosterone (ALD) were determined. And the mRNA expression of type I angiotensin receptor (AT1R) in myocardium were detected by RT-PCR assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>As compared with those in the normal rats, levels of FBS, H/BW, Ang II, ACE, ALD and AT1R mRNA expression were higher (all P < 0.05) and level of serum Ins was lower (P < 0.01) in the model rats. SJR, gliclazide, captopril and nitrendipine could slightly reduce the blood sugar level in model rats, but with no increase of serum Ins. All the four drugs could reduce H/BW, Ang II, ACE and AT1R mRNA expression. SJR and captopril could also decrease the ALD content in myocardium.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Cardiac hypertrophy has been induced in 10 weeks after diabetic modeling. Activation of local myocardial RAS is related to the genesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy. SJR, gliclazide, captopril and nitrendipine could antagonize the genesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy, the mechanism is related to the inhibition of RAS activation in local myocardium.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cardiomegaly , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Hypoglycemic Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Myocardium , Metabolism , Pathology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Renin-Angiotensin System
19.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 532-535, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283479

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the application of flow cytometry in the differential diagnosis of lymphoma/leukemia with aberrant antigen expression.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The results of flow cytometry of 30 lymphoma/leukemia cases with aberrant antigen expression, of which 3 cases being lymphomas, 8 B-cell leukemia, 1 T-cell leukemia, 17 acute non-lymphoid leukemia and 1 acute non-lymphoid leukemia involving lymph nodes were analyzed. Immunohistochemistry (EnVision) for CD79a, CD3 and MPO was performed on all cases.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eleven cases of B-cell lymphoma/leukemia were cytoplasmic CD79a (cCD79a)-positive, cytoplasmic CD3 (cCD3epsilon) and cytoplasmic MPO (cMPO)-negative. Five of these cases were positive for CD5 and 2 for CD5, 1 or 2 for myeloid marker(s). The T-cell leukemia cases were cCD3epsilon-positive, cCD79a and cMPO-negative, they also co-expressed CD13 and CD33. The mantle cell lymphoma cases were positive for CD3, CD13 and CD33. Of the 8 B-cell leukemia cases, 4 were positive for CD5, 3 for CD13 and 1 for CD13 and CD33. The 18 acute non-lymphoid leukemia cases (including 1 acute non-lymphoid leukemia case involving lymph nodes) were cMPO-positive and cCD79a and cCD3epsilon-negative. Eight of the 18 expressed T-cell markers (including 1 case of acute non-lymphoid leukemia involving lymph nodes), 8 expressed B-cell markers, 2 expressed both T and B-cell markers.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Flow cytometry can demonstrate aberrant antigen expression in lymphoma/leukemia cells and is helpful in delineating their cell origin. The technique is thus useful in the differential diagnosis of lymphoma/leukemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic , Metabolism , CD13 Antigens , Metabolism , CD3 Complex , Metabolism , CD5 Antigens , Metabolism , CD79 Antigens , Metabolism , Diagnosis, Differential , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukemia, B-Cell , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Leukemia, T-Cell , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Peroxidase , Metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-543260

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the adaptive immune responses in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease during acute exacerbations (ECOPD) and effects of the immunostimulating agent Pidotimod in ECOPD patients. Methods A randomized, prospective clinical trial was held, and 103 patients with ECOPD were recruited into the study. Seventy-five patients aged 65 years and over were divided into two groups: 38 patients with general treatment as a control group and 37 patients with general treatment plus pidotimod as an experimental group. Another non-elderly groups comprised 28 patients younger than 65, and 20 healthy individuals served as the healthy elderly control. Levels of CD3+ , CD4+ , CD8+ , CD4+ /CD8+ in peripheral blood were measured by flow cytometry at baseline (the 1st day) and at the 15th and 30th treatment day, meanwhile, the clinical conditions were evaluated. Results Ninety-one patients completed the trial (32 in experimental group,34 in control group and 25 in non-eldely group). The experimental group and control group were statistically homogeneous. The aged COPD intervention group and aged COPD control had a more decreased CD4+ level, CD4+/CD8+ ratio and more increased CD8+ level, while compared with aged health control and non-elderly COPD control (all P

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