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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 700-706, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922885

ABSTRACT

In order to research the mechanism of guiding action of borneol in Suxiaojiuxin pills, the model of in vitro intestinal absorption, in vivo drug metabolism of mice and cell in vitro absorption model of Caco-2 were established firstly. All animal experiments were in accordance with the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of Nankai University. The results showed that the cumulative absorption quantity and absorption permeability of ferulic acid and ligustilide in the intestinal juice of Suxiaojiuxin pills group were significantly increased comparing with fake Suxiaojiuxin pills group, which don't contain borneol. By using borneol, the content of ferulic acid and ligustilide in the blood and tissues, such as heart, were added. The transepithelial resistance value and the content of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) in Caco-2 were rapidly decreased and increased, respectively. Due to further explore mechanism of promoting intestinal absorption of borneol for drugs, in this study, photosensitive probes of borneol were synthesized to capture its targets, and dual luciferase reporter system was used to evaluate its activity of calcium. It was found that it could make calcium overload by regulating transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily M, member 8 (TrpM8). Then, the results of mass spectrometry imaging showed that the accumulation of ferulic acid in the heart was significantly increased by borneol, and the relaxation rate of rat thoracic aorta was enhanced obviously. In summary, the borneol in Suxiaojiuxin pills can expand cell space and increase intestinal permeability by acting on TrpM8, thus promoting the intestinal absorption, tissue distribution and target organ enrichment of drugs.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929069

ABSTRACT

Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) is one of the major causes of graft loss after transplantation. Recently, the regulation of B cell differentiation and the prevention of donor-specific antibody (DSA) production have gained increased attention in transplant research. Herein, we established a secondary allogeneic in vivo skin transplant model to study the effects of romidepsin (FK228) on DSA. The survival of grafted skins was monitored daily. The serum levels of DSA and the number of relevant immunocytes in the recipient spleens were evaluated by flow cytometry. Then, we isolated and purified B cells from B6 mouse spleens in vitro by magnetic bead sorting. The B cells were cultured with interleukin-4 (IL-4) and anti-clusters of differentiation 40 (CD40) antibody with or without FK228 treatment. The immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1) and IgM levels in the supernatant were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blotting were conducted to determine the corresponding levels of messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression in cultured cells and the recipient spleens. The results showed that FK228 significantly improved the survival of allogeneic skin grafts. Moreover, FK228 inhibited DSA production in the serum along with the suppression of histone deacetylase 1 (HADC1) and HDAC2 and the upregulation of the acetylation of histones H2A and H3. It also inhibited the differentiation of B cells to plasma cells, decreased the transcription of positive regulatory domain-containing 1 (Prdm1) and X-box-binding protein 1 (Xbp1), and decreased the expression of phosphorylated inositol-requiring enzyme 1 α (p-IRE1α), XBP1, and B lymphocyte-induced maturation protein-1 (Blimp-1). In conclusion, FK228 could decrease the production of antibodies by B cells via inhibition of the IRE1α-XBP1 signaling pathway. Thus, FK228 is considered as a promising therapeutic agent for the clinical treatment of AMR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Depsipeptides , Endoribonucleases , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Mice , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases , Skin Transplantation
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939506

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of different treatment frequency of auricular bloodletting combined with auricular point sticking for acne vulgaris.@*METHODS@#A total of 90 patients with acne vulgaris were randomized into a treatment group 1 (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off), a treatment group 2 (30 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a treatment group 3 (30 cases, 5 cases dropped off). Combination therapy of auricular bloodletting and auricular point sticking at Fei (CO14), Shenmen (TF4), Neifenmi (CO18) and Shenshangxian (TG2p) were given once a week, twice a week and 3 times a week in the treatment group 1, the treatment group 2 and the treatment group 3 respectively, 4 weeks were as one course and totally 3 courses were required in the 3 groups. Before treatment and after 1, 2, 3 courses of treatment, the scores of global acne grading system (GAGS), skin lesion and quality of life-acne (QoL-Acne) were observed, the clinical efficacy was evaluated after 3 courses of treatment and the recurrence rate was evaluated in follow-up of 1 month after treatment in the 3 groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the scores of GAGS and skin lesion were decreased at each time point in the 3 groups (P<0.05), the QoL-Acne scores were increased after 1 course of treatment in the treatment group 3 and after 2, 3 courses of treatment in the 3 groups (P<0.05). There were no statistical differences in scores of GAGS, skin lesion and QoL-Acne among the 3 groups (P>0.05). There were no statistical differences in effective rate and recurrence rate among the 3 groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Different frequency of auricular bloodletting combined with auricular point sticking have similar efficacy in treating acne vulgaris, all can improve the skin lesion and quality of life in patients with acne vulgaris, and have a cumulative effect and good long-term curative effect.


Subject(s)
Acne Vulgaris/therapy , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture, Ear , Bloodletting , Humans , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928953

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effectiveness of Jiuwei Zhuhuang Powder (JWZH), a Tibetan patent medicine in treating upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) associated cough in children.@*METHODS@#The study was a multicenter, randomized, open-label, controlled trial. A total of 142 children aged 2 to 14 years old, with URTI-associated cough within 48 h of onset, were randomly assigned to two groups at a 1:1 ratio by computer-generated randomization sequence. Children were treated with JWZH (1 to 1.5 g, twice to thrice daily) in the treatment group or conventional treatment (Pediatric Paracetamol, Artificial Cow-bezoar and Chlorphenamine Maleate Granules, 0.25 to 1 g, thrice daily) in the control group for 5 days. The primary endpoints were the time to cough resolution and 4-day cough resolution rate. The secondary endpoints were the daily improvement in symptom scores and cough resolution rate during the study period.@*RESULTS@#A total of 138 children were included in the intention-to-treat analysis, with 71 cases in the treatment group and 67 cases in the control group. Compared with the conventional treatment, the children receiving JWZH had a shorter time to cough resolution [hazard ratio, 2.10; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.29-3.40; P=0.003]. The median time to cough resolution for children receiving JWZH was shorter than that of the conventional treatment (2 days vs. 3 days; P<0.001). The 4-day cough resolution rate in the JWZH group was higher than that of the control group (94.4% vs. 74.6%; risk difference: 19.8%, 95% CI: 8.1%-31.5%; relative risk: 1.265, 95% CI: 1.088-1.470; P=0.001). There were no statistically significant differences in the improvement of other symptoms caused by URTI (P>0.05). Adverse events was reported in 5.6% (4/71) and 4.5% (3/67) in participants of JWZH and PPACCM groups (P>0.05), respectively, which were all mild and resolved without treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#JWZH seemed to be a safe and effective therapy for URTI-associated cough in children. (Trial registration No. ChiCTR2000039421).


Subject(s)
Child , Cough/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Nonprescription Drugs , Powders , Respiratory Tract Infections/drug therapy
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883628

ABSTRACT

Symptomatology and medical history taking are the focuses of diagnostics study. With the improvement of teaching and learning, students can basically master the standard process of clinical inquiry of chief complaints to family history efficiently. However, due to the lack of systematic learning of clinical diseases, it's difficult for most students to form a targeted, logical and speculative inquiry thinking pattern, so they are unlikely to write a medical history of present illness that reflects their thinking on disease inclusion and exclusion. In this study, we come up with the characteristics and defects of symptomatology teaching at present, and put forward a new idea of symptomatology teaching by introducing clinical manifestations of diseases and examples of inquiry.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911679

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the outcome of kidney transplantation from donation after cadaveric death(DCD)with high pathological Remuzzi score.Methods:From January, 2019 to December, 2019, 31 recipients of kidney allograft transplantation from marginal donors with Remuzzi score≥4 in preimplantation biopsy were retrospectively enrolled. They were divided into two groups of dual kidney transplantation(DKT, 14 cases)and single kidney transplantation(SKT, 17 cases). Median Remuzzi score of left kidney(5.05 in DKT group vs 4.92 in SKT group)or right kidney(5.26 vs. 4.58)was comparable. Dual donor kidneys were implanted into ipsilateral iliac fossa. Survival outcomes, kidney function, acute rejection episodes, incidence of delayed graft function(DGF)and proteinuria were recorded within Year 1 post-operation.Results:Proportion of male(92.9% vs. 52.9%, P<0.05)and recipient's body mass index(BMI, 23.93 vs. 21.09)were significant higher in DKT group than those in SKT group. One graft failure occurred in DKT group at Month 11 post-operation. The 1-year graft survival rate was 92.9% in DKT group and 1-year recipient survival rate both 100% in two groups. Mean 12-month serum creatinine[SCr, (164±37.7)μmol/L vs. (154.92±96.2)μmol/L]and estimated glomerular filtration rate[eGFR, (41.84±9.01) vs. (44.8±18.16)ml/(min·1.73m 2)]were comparable between two groups(both P>0.05). There was no occurrence of thrombosis resulting in graft loss. One-year incidence of acute rejection, rate of DGF(42.9% vs 41.2%)and proteinuria(57.1% vs. 41.2%)were comparable between two groups(both P>0.05). Conclusions:Through donor-recipient matching and dual kidney transplant allocation, short-term survival outcome of kidney allograft from marginal donors with high Remuzzi score≥4 is encouraging. However, long-term outcomes should be further examined.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910124

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of translabial ultrasound (TLUS) in female periurethral benign solid lesions (PBSL).Methods:Twenty-one female patients (21 lesions) with PBSL identified pathologically within the process of cystoscope or surgery from June 2017 to December 2020 were enrolled. All of them underwent urethral examination (UE) and TLUS. The detection rates of the lesions of UE and TLUS were compared, and the ultrasonic diagnostic accuracy and ultrasonic manifestations were analyzed.Results:Sixteen of the 21 patients showed lower urinary tract symptoms (76.19%). Among the 21 lesions, the detection rates of UE and TLUS were 52.38% (11/21) and 85.71% (18/21), respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.019). The length of 18 lesions detected by TLUS was (1.79±1.04)cm, and 13 lesions (72.22%) were shorter than 3 cm. Among 18 cases, urethral caruncle (13 cases) was the most common benign periurethral mass, the main ultrasonic manifestations of urethral caruncle showed hyperecho lesions in the middle and distal urethra, and the blood flow was mostly in a branch-like distribution. At the same time, there were 5 cases of urethral myoma and other solid lesions, the main ultrasonic manifestations of urethral myoma showed clear boundary, low echo and peripheral short strip blood flow. Using pathological results as the gold standard, the accuracy of ultrasonic diagnosis was 88.89% (16/18). Conclusions:TLUS is able to improve the detection rate of periurethral benign solid lesions, and the diagnostic concordant rate is acceptable.TLUS can provide more diagnostic and therapeutic information.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1487-1491, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909730

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the risk factors, treatment process and prevention strategy of the cases of acute pulmonary embolism after cerebral hemorrhage, so as to improve the attention and level of the disease.Methods:The data of a patient with cerebral hemorrhage and acute pulmonary embolism treated in Lianyungang First People's Hospital were analyzed retrospectively, and the literature related to intracerebral hemorrhage complicated with acute pulmonary embolism was reviewed.Results:One week after intracerebral hemorrhage, the patient was diagnosed with acute pulmonary embolism and given anticoagulant treatment with low molecular weight heparin. The condition was alleviated without aggravating intracerebral hemorrhage. Lying in bed after intracerebral hemorrhage, limb braking, use of dehydration, diuresis, hemostasis and other drugs were the high-risk factors of pulmonary embolism.Venous thromboembolism can be prevented clinically by physical methods and drugs.Conclusions:Venous thromboembolism is easy to occur after intracerebral hemorrhage. Clinically, the incidence can be reduced by pneumatic therapy or anticoagulant drugs. In treatment, it is necessary to weigh the risk of death of pulmonary embolism and rebleeding. After comprehensive evaluation, we can formulate an individualized treatment plan. It may be safe and effective to use low molecular weight heparin to treat pulmonary embolism after the intracerebral hemorrhage hematoma is stable.

9.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 232-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873736

ABSTRACT

Full application of marginal donor organs is a critical method to expand donor pool and alleviate organ shortage. After accurate donor evaluation, allocation and recipient selection, adult donor dual kidney transplantation (DKT) can not only achieve equivalent clinical efficacy to single kidney transplantation (SKT), but also effectively reduce the discard rate of marginal donor kidney. In this article, the clinical application and progress on adult donor DKT were reviewed from the perspectives of the development situation, allocation standard, recipient selection, surgical methods and complications as well as clinical efficacy of DKT, aiming to provide reference and guidance for subsequent development of marginal donor DKT.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880091

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of tumor necrosis factor death receptor (DR) 4 demethylation to the proliferation and apoptosis of myeloid leukemia K562 cells.@*METHODS@#The logarithmic phase of K562 cells were treated by desitabine (DCA) at 0, 0.8, 1.6 and 3.2 μmol/L, and the cells were divided into control group, DCA low dose group, DCA medium dose group and DCA high dose group respectively. The cells in control group were treated by tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) 0.5 μg/ml for 24 h, and the cells were divided into TRAIL group. The cells in DCA high dose group were treated by TRAIL 0.5 μg/ml for 24 h, and were divided into DCA high dose + TRAIL group. Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MS-PCR) was used to measure the methylation status of the DR4 gene promoter in the control group and DCA low, medium and high dose groups. Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot were used to determine the relative expression of DR4 mRNA and protein in the control group and DCA low, medium and high dose groups. Dime- thylthiazole (MTT) method was used to determine the inhibition rate of cell proliferation of the cells in control group, DCA high dose group, TRAIL group, DCA high dose + TRAIL group. Flow cytometry was used to determine the apoptotic rate of the cells in control group, DCA high dose group, TRAIL group, DCA high dose + TRAIL group.@*RESULTS@#The cells in the control group were methylation-positive, the brightness of the methylation bands of the cells in the DCA low, medium, and high dose groups was gradually decreased to disappear, and the DCA high dose group showed negative for methylation. The relative expression of DR4 mRNA and protein in the control group, DCA low, medium and high dose groups was increased sequentially (r=0.624, 0.704). The inhibition rate of cell proliferation of the cells in the control group, DCA high dose group, TRAIL group, DCA high dose + TRAIL group was increased sequentially (r=0.653, 0.754, 0.709, 0.725) at 24, 48 and 72 h.@*CONCLUSION@#DCA can reverse the methylation level of DR4 gene promoter in ML K562 cells and up-regulate the expression of DR4, which may enhance the proliferation inhibition and apoptosis promotion effects of TRAIL on K562 cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Demethylation , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myeloid , Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand/metabolism , TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand/metabolism
11.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 278-281, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866115

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution of iodine in drinking water in Shandong Province, and to provide a basis for redefining different types of iodine in drinking water, adopting specific prevention measures and scientifically adjusting intervention strategies.Methods:In 2017, a survey on the distribution of water iodine in the whole province was carried out in townships (street offices, hereinafter referred to as townships). In addition, the administrative villages (neighborhood committees, hereinafter referred to as administrative villages) shall be taken as the units for the investigation of townships with a median water iodine of > 10 μg/L or more found in this or previous surveys. Arsenic-cerium catalytic spectrophotometry was used to detect water iodine.Results:A total of 1 844 townships were surveyed, with a median water iodine of 9.2 μg/L. Among them, there were 969 townships with water iodine of less than 10 μg/L, accounting for 52.55%. From 10 to 40 μg/L, 489 townships, accounting for 26.52%; There were 139 townships with > 40-100 μg/L, accounting for 7.54%; there were 247 townships of > 100 μg/L, accounting for 13.39%. A total of 37 073 administrative villages were surveyed in the townships with a median water iodine of > 10 μg/L, and 36 690 were collected with valid data. Among them, 5 531 villages with water iodine < 10 μg/L, accounting for 15.07%; there were 17 350 villages with 10-40 μg/L, accounting for 47.29%; there were 4 859 villages of > 40-100 μg/L, accounting for 13.24%; the number of villages > 100 μg/L was 8 950, accounting for 24.39%.Conclusions:In Shandong Province, most areas are iodine deficiency area (water iodine < 10 μg/L), waterborne high iodine areas (water iodine > 100 μg/L) and "optimal iodine" (water iodine 10-100 μg/L) regions exist, and there is the possibility of dynamic adjustment of water iodine. In the next step, the dynamic monitoring of iodine nutrition in water and population should be strengthened to provide data support for the adjustment of iodized salt supply strategy.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 108-111, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866068

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the iodine nutritional status of key population in waterbrone high iodine areas in Shandong Province and provide scientific basis for adjustment of control strategy.Methods:In 2018, the county (city, district, county for short) shall be the unit to carry out the monitoring work, and the administrative villages shall be the unit to determine the monitoring sites in the designated high-iodine areas. According to the results of the 2017 survey on drinking water iodine for residents of Shandong Province, each monitoring county sorted the administrative villages with a median water iodine above 100 μg/L according to the water iodine value and adopted a systematic sampling method. Each county took 5 administrative villages, and if there were less than 5 administrative villages, they were all extracted (if there were administrative villages with median water iodine above 300 μg/L, ensured at least one extraction). Among the monitoring sites, water iodine, children urinary iodine, salt iodine and thyroid volume, pregnant urinary iodine, and salt iodine were investigated. The "Arsenic Cerium Catalytic Spectrophotometry Method" (WS/T 107-2006) was used to detect the water iodine and urinary iodine contents; the B-ultrasound method was used to examine the thyroid volume of children; the semi-quantitative method was used to detect the salt iodine level of residents.Results:A total of 341 water samples were collected, the median water iodine was 131.15 μg/L, ranging from 7.10 to 1 054.00 μg/L. A total of 7 555 urine samples of children were tested and the median urinary iodine of children was 289.20 μg/L. The rate of goiter of children was 3.10% (234/7 555). A total of 1 996 urine samples of pregnant women were tested and the median urinary iodine of pregnant women was 179.90 μg/L. A total of 9 551 edible salt samples were collected from children and pregnant women, including 8 238 non-iodine salt samples and the consumption rate of non-iodine salt was 86.25% (8 238/9 551).Conclusions:The pregnant women are in a suitable state of iodine nutrition, the children's urinary iodine is at a higher than suitable level in waterbrone high iodine areas in Shandong Province. Therefore, it is still necessary to strengthen the efforts to improve water and reduce iodine, and strengthen the monitoring of iodine nutrition status of key populations.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872983

ABSTRACT

Objective::To study the effect of evodia on lipid metabolism and low-density lipoprotein-receptor(LDL-R) mRNA expression in hyperlipidemia mice. Method::Kunming mice (n=80) were randomly divided into normal control group (n=20) and model group (n=60). Serum lipids of the model group were measured after 3 weeks.After successful modeling, the mice can be randomly divided into 5 groups (with 10 in each group): model group (equivalent normal saline), positive control group (simvastatin, 5 mg·kg-1·d-1), drug group (evodia of 5.25, 10.5, 21 mg·kg- 1·d- 1). The mice were given drugs for 3 weeks.Htoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the liver cell structure and the change of aortic arch atherosclerosis in the mice.The enzyme linked immunosorbent assay kit was used to test the contents of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and total serum adiponectin (ADPN) in serum of the mice.The expression of LDL-R mRNA in liver of each group was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Result::Liver HE staining showed hepatocyte swelling with steatosis in the model group, and alleviated liver steatosis in high-dose, medium-dose evodia and simvastatin groups.HE staining showed damages on the aortict arch wall in the model group, with obvious intima thickening and inflammatory cell infiltration.The intima was thickened obviously in the low-dose group, and the structure of aortic vessel wall was clear in the high-dose group.Compared with the normal group, TC, TG and HDL-C levels in serum of the model group were increased, while HDL-C level was decreased (P<0.01). Serum TC and TG levels of mice in the medium and high-dose groups decreased, whereas LDL-C and HDLl-C levels increased in low, medium and high-dose groups (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the normal group, the adiponectin level in the model group was decreased, while the serum adiponectin levels in medium and high-dose groups were significantly increased (P<0.01). The LDL-R mRNA expression in the liver of mice in the model group was significantly reduced compared with the normal group (P<0.01). The LDL-R mRNA expression in medium and high-dose evodia groups was significantly increased compared with the model group (P<0.01). Conclusion::Evodia can improve the tendency of hepatic lesions and aortic atherosclerosis in hyperlipidemia mice, which may be related to the regulation of adiponectin level, the reduction of lipid content in mice and the up-regulation of LDL-R mRNA expression in mice liver.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872431

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the blood perfusion volume variation pattern in the body surface microcirculation at the Yuan-Primary and the Xi-Cleft points during the menstrual cycle in female college students with moderate constitution under normal physiological state of the uterus; to explore the specific laws of the body surface microcirculation at the Yuan-Primary and Xi-Cleft points in response to the uterine qi and blood changes under normal physiological conditions, and to provide the experimental basis for the specificity of acupoints reflecting the uterine function. Methods: Forty-three healthy and moderate constitution female college students with regular menstrual cycles, without dysmenorrhea and not yet giving birth were recruited. Bilateral Yuan-Primary points [Taichong (LR 3), Taibai (SP 3) and Taixi (KI 3)] and Xi-Cleft points [Zhongdu (LR 6), Diji (SP 8) and Shuiquan (KI 5)], belonging to the three yin meridians of foot and adjacent to the spinal cord segment of the uterus, were selected as the detection acupoints; the crossing point of the three yin meridians of foot [Sanyinjiao (SP 6)], the uterus-related meridian acupoint [Xuehai (SP 10)], the uterus-non-related meridian acupoint [Xuanzhong (GB 39)], and the non-meridian non-acupoint point were selected as the control points. The laser speckle blood flow imaging technique was used to monitor the blood perfusion volume in skin microcirculation at the above points at the menstrual, follicular, ovulatory, and luteal phases of the subjects. Results: The blood perfusion volume in the body surface microcirculation at the right Zhongdu (LR 6) at the ovulatory phase was higher than that at the menstrual, follicular and luteal phases (all P<0.05); there was no significant difference in the microcirculation blood perfusion volume at the other points among different phases (all P>0.05). Conclusion: The blood perfusion volume in the body surface microcirculation at Zhongdu (LR 6), the Xi-Cleft point of the Liver Meridian, shows a specific response to qi and blood changes in the uterus of women with moderate constitution.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868087

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of 3D/4D translabial ultrasound in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of female urethral diverticulum.Methods:The paired chi-square test was used to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 2D translabial ultrasound and 3D/4D translabial ultrasound in 21 suspected urethral diverticulum patients who visited the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from November 2013 to January 2020. And Kappa consistency test was used to evaluate the consistency between these two methods and the pathological results.Results:All 21 patients with suspected urethral diverticulum were diagnosed by postoperative pathology, of which 16 cases were urethral diverticula and 5 cases were paraurethral cysts. The typical appearance of urethral diverticulum on 3D/4D translabial ultrasound was a cystic structure traversing the urethral rhabdosphincter. Additionally, septa, calcification or solid neoplasm can also be seen in some cases. The sensitivity/specificity of 2D translabial ultrasound and 3D/4D translabial ultrasound were 75.00%/100% and 93.75%/100%, respectively, no statistical differences were found both in sensitivity and specificity between these two methods(all P>0.05). The Kappa consistency test showed that the consistency between 2D translabial ultrasound and pathological diagnosis was general (Kappa=0.588, P=0.003), while the consistency between 3D/4D translabial ultrasound and pathological diagnosis was good (Kappa=0.877, P<0.001). Conclusions:3D/4D translabial ultrasound has a high value in the diagnosis of female urethral diverticulum, and it is worthy of clinical application.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864213

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the enrollment rate, mutation rate and causes of variability the clinical pathway of bronchopneumonia.Methods:The enrollment rate, completion rate, variation and reasons of the clinical pathway in Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2012 to December 2016 were retrospectively collected.Data of patients after the clinical pathway of bronchopneumonia in other tertiary class A hospitals were gathered by questionnaires, and the enrollment rate, completion rate, variation rate and reasons were analyzed.Results:(1)At the end of 2016, 11 of the 13 hospitals included in this study had implemented the clinical pathway for 5 years, 1 hospital for 3 years, and 1 hospital for 2 years.(2) Eleven hospitals provided their enrollment rates.The enrollement rate of 2 hospitals was<50%, and that of 9 hospitals was>80%.The annual completion rate of Beijing Children′s Hospital was ≥75%, and the completion rates offered by 8 hospitals were basically >70%.(3) Since the implementation of the clinical pathway for 5 years in Beijing Children′s Hospital, a total of 427 cases were enrolled of which 93 cases were mutated (variability 21.78%). The variability of 5 hospitals was maintained at <15%.The variability of 3 hospitals decreased with the implementation years, and became qualified.The variability of 1 hospital first rebounded and then controlled; 1 hospital increased by 27.65%; 1 hospital was first controlled and rebounded; 1 hospital was always >15%.The main cause of the mutation was coexisting diseases, complications, progression of the disease, or correction of the first diagnosis, etc.Conclusions:The completion rate of tertiary class A hospitals meets the requirements of national policy.However, the enrollment rate needs to be improved, and the variation rate among different hospitals differs a lot.Further implementation of the clinical pathway should be strengthened and monitored.

17.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 441-448, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827043

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of chemokine CCL2 in angiogenesis of primary adult rat cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMEC). The rat CMECs were isolated and identified through morphology examination and immunostaining with CD31 and factor VIII antibodies. The angiogenesis of CMEC on Matrigel was evaluated at different time points. The expression and secretion of CCL2 during the process of angiogenesis was detected by real-time RT-PCR and ELISA, respectively. The results showed that, the primary rat CMEC was isolated successfully, and the angiogenesis of CMEC was significantly induced after Matrigel treatment for 4 h. The expression of CCL2 and CCR2 were increased during angiogenesis, and the secretion of CCL2 was detected after 2 h of angiogenesis and reached the peak concentration of 1 588.1 pg/mL after 4 h. Either CCL2 blocking antibody or CCR2 antagonist significantly reduced the angiogenesis of CMEC. These results suggest that CCL2 is secreted during the process of angiogenesis of CMEC, and CCL2/CCR2 signaling pathway may play an important role in promoting angiogenesis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chemokine CCL2 , Endothelial Cells , Endothelium, Vascular , Heart , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Rats , Signal Transduction
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850795

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the industry of Bletillae Rhizoma has developed rapidly and widely in medicine, health care, beauty, etc., but there are still problems that restrict its sustainable development. Based on field investigating in development status of Bletillae Rhizoma market and industry, consulting relevant literature and our research results, and main constraints were discovered as follows: wild resources shortage, uneven varieties, unclear mechanism, low comprehensive utilization, unclear quality standards, difficulty of quality control, weak industrial level, slow cluster development and so on. Therefore, we can strengthen the protection of germplasm resources and selection of superior varieties, carry out the mechanism of its effective ingredients, improve quality evaluation system and expand sales market using brand strategy to promote the healthy and sustainable development of Bletillae Rhizoma.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847067

ABSTRACT

The denitrifier method is widely used as a novel pretreatment method for the determination of nitrogen and oxygen isotope ratios as it can provide quantitative and high-sensitivity measurements. Nevertheless, the method is limited by relatively low measurement accuracy for δ18O. In this study, we analyzed the factors influencing the accuracy of δ18O determination, and then systematically investigated the effects of dissolved oxygen concentrations and nitrate sample sizes on estimates of the δ15N and δ18O of nitrate reference materials. The δ18O contraction ratio was used to represent the relationship between the measured difference and true difference between two reference materials. We obtained the following main results: (1) a gas-liquid ratio of 3:10 (v/v) in ordinary triangular flasks and a shaking speed of 120 r/min produced an optimal range (1.9 to 2.6 mg/L) in the concentration of dissolved oxygen for accurately determining δ18O, and (2) the δ18O contraction ratio decreased as nitrate sample size decreased within a certain range (1.0 to 0.1 μmol). Our results suggested that δ18O contraction is influenced mainly by dissolved oxygen concentrations in pure culture, and provided a model for improving the accuracy of oxygen isotope analysis.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805082

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#To investigate the total fluids intake, volume of urine and hydration status among college students from Hebei Province in spring.@*Methods@#In March 2017, the subjects were recruited in a college in Baoding, Hebei Province. 156 students completed the investigation. Total drinking fluids was assessed by 7-day 24-hour fluid intake questionnaire, with a quantitative tool. The water from food was assessed by the duplicate portion method. The urine samples of 24-hour was collected for 3 consecutive days, and the volume, osmolality, pH and specific gravity of urine were measured. Hydration status was grouped to three types according to the urine osmolality (mOsm/kg), namely, optimal hydration (urine osmolality ≤500), middle hydration (500< urine osmolality ≥800) and dehydration (urine osmolality >800), and the differences among subjects in different genders and hydration statuses were compared.@*Results@#The age of all subjects was (19.8±1.1) years old, including 80 male students. The median amounts of total fluids intake, total drinking fluids, water from food and urine volume were 2 324, 1 135, 1 174 and 1 279 ml/d, respectively. The volume of urine among males was 1 272 ml/d, which was not significantly different from that of females (1 304 ml/d) (P>0.05). The osmolality and specific gravity of urine among males were 688 mOsm/kg and 1.017, which were higher than those of females (493 mOsm/kg, 1.014) (P<0.05). But the pH of males was 6.6±0.3, which was lower than that of females (6.7±0.3) (P<0.05). Only 37.2% (n=58) of college students were in optimal hydration status. The median of the amount of total drinking fluids among subjects in optimal hydration status was 301, 448 ml/d higher than that in middle hydration status and dehydration, respectively (P<0.05). The proportion of females in optimal hydration status was 51.3% (n=39), which was higher than that of males 23.8% (n=19) (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Large proportion of college students in Hebei had lower total drinking fluids than the recommended intake of China, and the volume of urine was equal to the amount of total drinking fluids among the college students. Only 37.2% of college students were in optimal hydration status, and the proportion of female college students in optimal hydration status was larger than that of males.

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