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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 232-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873736

ABSTRACT

Full application of marginal donor organs is a critical method to expand donor pool and alleviate organ shortage. After accurate donor evaluation, allocation and recipient selection, adult donor dual kidney transplantation (DKT) can not only achieve equivalent clinical efficacy to single kidney transplantation (SKT), but also effectively reduce the discard rate of marginal donor kidney. In this article, the clinical application and progress on adult donor DKT were reviewed from the perspectives of the development situation, allocation standard, recipient selection, surgical methods and complications as well as clinical efficacy of DKT, aiming to provide reference and guidance for subsequent development of marginal donor DKT.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883628

ABSTRACT

Symptomatology and medical history taking are the focuses of diagnostics study. With the improvement of teaching and learning, students can basically master the standard process of clinical inquiry of chief complaints to family history efficiently. However, due to the lack of systematic learning of clinical diseases, it's difficult for most students to form a targeted, logical and speculative inquiry thinking pattern, so they are unlikely to write a medical history of present illness that reflects their thinking on disease inclusion and exclusion. In this study, we come up with the characteristics and defects of symptomatology teaching at present, and put forward a new idea of symptomatology teaching by introducing clinical manifestations of diseases and examples of inquiry.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880091

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of tumor necrosis factor death receptor (DR) 4 demethylation to the proliferation and apoptosis of myeloid leukemia K562 cells.@*METHODS@#The logarithmic phase of K562 cells were treated by desitabine (DCA) at 0, 0.8, 1.6 and 3.2 μmol/L, and the cells were divided into control group, DCA low dose group, DCA medium dose group and DCA high dose group respectively. The cells in control group were treated by tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) 0.5 μg/ml for 24 h, and the cells were divided into TRAIL group. The cells in DCA high dose group were treated by TRAIL 0.5 μg/ml for 24 h, and were divided into DCA high dose + TRAIL group. Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MS-PCR) was used to measure the methylation status of the DR4 gene promoter in the control group and DCA low, medium and high dose groups. Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot were used to determine the relative expression of DR4 mRNA and protein in the control group and DCA low, medium and high dose groups. Dime- thylthiazole (MTT) method was used to determine the inhibition rate of cell proliferation of the cells in control group, DCA high dose group, TRAIL group, DCA high dose + TRAIL group. Flow cytometry was used to determine the apoptotic rate of the cells in control group, DCA high dose group, TRAIL group, DCA high dose + TRAIL group.@*RESULTS@#The cells in the control group were methylation-positive, the brightness of the methylation bands of the cells in the DCA low, medium, and high dose groups was gradually decreased to disappear, and the DCA high dose group showed negative for methylation. The relative expression of DR4 mRNA and protein in the control group, DCA low, medium and high dose groups was increased sequentially (r=0.624, 0.704). The inhibition rate of cell proliferation of the cells in the control group, DCA high dose group, TRAIL group, DCA high dose + TRAIL group was increased sequentially (r=0.653, 0.754, 0.709, 0.725) at 24, 48 and 72 h.@*CONCLUSION@#DCA can reverse the methylation level of DR4 gene promoter in ML K562 cells and up-regulate the expression of DR4, which may enhance the proliferation inhibition and apoptosis promotion effects of TRAIL on K562 cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Demethylation , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myeloid , Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand/metabolism , TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand/metabolism
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864213

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the enrollment rate, mutation rate and causes of variability the clinical pathway of bronchopneumonia.Methods:The enrollment rate, completion rate, variation and reasons of the clinical pathway in Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2012 to December 2016 were retrospectively collected.Data of patients after the clinical pathway of bronchopneumonia in other tertiary class A hospitals were gathered by questionnaires, and the enrollment rate, completion rate, variation rate and reasons were analyzed.Results:(1)At the end of 2016, 11 of the 13 hospitals included in this study had implemented the clinical pathway for 5 years, 1 hospital for 3 years, and 1 hospital for 2 years.(2) Eleven hospitals provided their enrollment rates.The enrollement rate of 2 hospitals was<50%, and that of 9 hospitals was>80%.The annual completion rate of Beijing Children′s Hospital was ≥75%, and the completion rates offered by 8 hospitals were basically >70%.(3) Since the implementation of the clinical pathway for 5 years in Beijing Children′s Hospital, a total of 427 cases were enrolled of which 93 cases were mutated (variability 21.78%). The variability of 5 hospitals was maintained at <15%.The variability of 3 hospitals decreased with the implementation years, and became qualified.The variability of 1 hospital first rebounded and then controlled; 1 hospital increased by 27.65%; 1 hospital was first controlled and rebounded; 1 hospital was always >15%.The main cause of the mutation was coexisting diseases, complications, progression of the disease, or correction of the first diagnosis, etc.Conclusions:The completion rate of tertiary class A hospitals meets the requirements of national policy.However, the enrollment rate needs to be improved, and the variation rate among different hospitals differs a lot.Further implementation of the clinical pathway should be strengthened and monitored.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872983

ABSTRACT

Objective::To study the effect of evodia on lipid metabolism and low-density lipoprotein-receptor(LDL-R) mRNA expression in hyperlipidemia mice. Method::Kunming mice (n=80) were randomly divided into normal control group (n=20) and model group (n=60). Serum lipids of the model group were measured after 3 weeks.After successful modeling, the mice can be randomly divided into 5 groups (with 10 in each group): model group (equivalent normal saline), positive control group (simvastatin, 5 mg·kg-1·d-1), drug group (evodia of 5.25, 10.5, 21 mg·kg- 1·d- 1). The mice were given drugs for 3 weeks.Htoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the liver cell structure and the change of aortic arch atherosclerosis in the mice.The enzyme linked immunosorbent assay kit was used to test the contents of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and total serum adiponectin (ADPN) in serum of the mice.The expression of LDL-R mRNA in liver of each group was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Result::Liver HE staining showed hepatocyte swelling with steatosis in the model group, and alleviated liver steatosis in high-dose, medium-dose evodia and simvastatin groups.HE staining showed damages on the aortict arch wall in the model group, with obvious intima thickening and inflammatory cell infiltration.The intima was thickened obviously in the low-dose group, and the structure of aortic vessel wall was clear in the high-dose group.Compared with the normal group, TC, TG and HDL-C levels in serum of the model group were increased, while HDL-C level was decreased (P<0.01). Serum TC and TG levels of mice in the medium and high-dose groups decreased, whereas LDL-C and HDLl-C levels increased in low, medium and high-dose groups (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the normal group, the adiponectin level in the model group was decreased, while the serum adiponectin levels in medium and high-dose groups were significantly increased (P<0.01). The LDL-R mRNA expression in the liver of mice in the model group was significantly reduced compared with the normal group (P<0.01). The LDL-R mRNA expression in medium and high-dose evodia groups was significantly increased compared with the model group (P<0.01). Conclusion::Evodia can improve the tendency of hepatic lesions and aortic atherosclerosis in hyperlipidemia mice, which may be related to the regulation of adiponectin level, the reduction of lipid content in mice and the up-regulation of LDL-R mRNA expression in mice liver.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872431

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the blood perfusion volume variation pattern in the body surface microcirculation at the Yuan-Primary and the Xi-Cleft points during the menstrual cycle in female college students with moderate constitution under normal physiological state of the uterus; to explore the specific laws of the body surface microcirculation at the Yuan-Primary and Xi-Cleft points in response to the uterine qi and blood changes under normal physiological conditions, and to provide the experimental basis for the specificity of acupoints reflecting the uterine function. Methods: Forty-three healthy and moderate constitution female college students with regular menstrual cycles, without dysmenorrhea and not yet giving birth were recruited. Bilateral Yuan-Primary points [Taichong (LR 3), Taibai (SP 3) and Taixi (KI 3)] and Xi-Cleft points [Zhongdu (LR 6), Diji (SP 8) and Shuiquan (KI 5)], belonging to the three yin meridians of foot and adjacent to the spinal cord segment of the uterus, were selected as the detection acupoints; the crossing point of the three yin meridians of foot [Sanyinjiao (SP 6)], the uterus-related meridian acupoint [Xuehai (SP 10)], the uterus-non-related meridian acupoint [Xuanzhong (GB 39)], and the non-meridian non-acupoint point were selected as the control points. The laser speckle blood flow imaging technique was used to monitor the blood perfusion volume in skin microcirculation at the above points at the menstrual, follicular, ovulatory, and luteal phases of the subjects. Results: The blood perfusion volume in the body surface microcirculation at the right Zhongdu (LR 6) at the ovulatory phase was higher than that at the menstrual, follicular and luteal phases (all P<0.05); there was no significant difference in the microcirculation blood perfusion volume at the other points among different phases (all P>0.05). Conclusion: The blood perfusion volume in the body surface microcirculation at Zhongdu (LR 6), the Xi-Cleft point of the Liver Meridian, shows a specific response to qi and blood changes in the uterus of women with moderate constitution.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868087

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of 3D/4D translabial ultrasound in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of female urethral diverticulum.Methods:The paired chi-square test was used to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 2D translabial ultrasound and 3D/4D translabial ultrasound in 21 suspected urethral diverticulum patients who visited the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from November 2013 to January 2020. And Kappa consistency test was used to evaluate the consistency between these two methods and the pathological results.Results:All 21 patients with suspected urethral diverticulum were diagnosed by postoperative pathology, of which 16 cases were urethral diverticula and 5 cases were paraurethral cysts. The typical appearance of urethral diverticulum on 3D/4D translabial ultrasound was a cystic structure traversing the urethral rhabdosphincter. Additionally, septa, calcification or solid neoplasm can also be seen in some cases. The sensitivity/specificity of 2D translabial ultrasound and 3D/4D translabial ultrasound were 75.00%/100% and 93.75%/100%, respectively, no statistical differences were found both in sensitivity and specificity between these two methods(all P>0.05). The Kappa consistency test showed that the consistency between 2D translabial ultrasound and pathological diagnosis was general (Kappa=0.588, P=0.003), while the consistency between 3D/4D translabial ultrasound and pathological diagnosis was good (Kappa=0.877, P<0.001). Conclusions:3D/4D translabial ultrasound has a high value in the diagnosis of female urethral diverticulum, and it is worthy of clinical application.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 278-281, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866115

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution of iodine in drinking water in Shandong Province, and to provide a basis for redefining different types of iodine in drinking water, adopting specific prevention measures and scientifically adjusting intervention strategies.Methods:In 2017, a survey on the distribution of water iodine in the whole province was carried out in townships (street offices, hereinafter referred to as townships). In addition, the administrative villages (neighborhood committees, hereinafter referred to as administrative villages) shall be taken as the units for the investigation of townships with a median water iodine of > 10 μg/L or more found in this or previous surveys. Arsenic-cerium catalytic spectrophotometry was used to detect water iodine.Results:A total of 1 844 townships were surveyed, with a median water iodine of 9.2 μg/L. Among them, there were 969 townships with water iodine of less than 10 μg/L, accounting for 52.55%. From 10 to 40 μg/L, 489 townships, accounting for 26.52%; There were 139 townships with > 40-100 μg/L, accounting for 7.54%; there were 247 townships of > 100 μg/L, accounting for 13.39%. A total of 37 073 administrative villages were surveyed in the townships with a median water iodine of > 10 μg/L, and 36 690 were collected with valid data. Among them, 5 531 villages with water iodine < 10 μg/L, accounting for 15.07%; there were 17 350 villages with 10-40 μg/L, accounting for 47.29%; there were 4 859 villages of > 40-100 μg/L, accounting for 13.24%; the number of villages > 100 μg/L was 8 950, accounting for 24.39%.Conclusions:In Shandong Province, most areas are iodine deficiency area (water iodine < 10 μg/L), waterborne high iodine areas (water iodine > 100 μg/L) and "optimal iodine" (water iodine 10-100 μg/L) regions exist, and there is the possibility of dynamic adjustment of water iodine. In the next step, the dynamic monitoring of iodine nutrition in water and population should be strengthened to provide data support for the adjustment of iodized salt supply strategy.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 108-111, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866068

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the iodine nutritional status of key population in waterbrone high iodine areas in Shandong Province and provide scientific basis for adjustment of control strategy.Methods:In 2018, the county (city, district, county for short) shall be the unit to carry out the monitoring work, and the administrative villages shall be the unit to determine the monitoring sites in the designated high-iodine areas. According to the results of the 2017 survey on drinking water iodine for residents of Shandong Province, each monitoring county sorted the administrative villages with a median water iodine above 100 μg/L according to the water iodine value and adopted a systematic sampling method. Each county took 5 administrative villages, and if there were less than 5 administrative villages, they were all extracted (if there were administrative villages with median water iodine above 300 μg/L, ensured at least one extraction). Among the monitoring sites, water iodine, children urinary iodine, salt iodine and thyroid volume, pregnant urinary iodine, and salt iodine were investigated. The "Arsenic Cerium Catalytic Spectrophotometry Method" (WS/T 107-2006) was used to detect the water iodine and urinary iodine contents; the B-ultrasound method was used to examine the thyroid volume of children; the semi-quantitative method was used to detect the salt iodine level of residents.Results:A total of 341 water samples were collected, the median water iodine was 131.15 μg/L, ranging from 7.10 to 1 054.00 μg/L. A total of 7 555 urine samples of children were tested and the median urinary iodine of children was 289.20 μg/L. The rate of goiter of children was 3.10% (234/7 555). A total of 1 996 urine samples of pregnant women were tested and the median urinary iodine of pregnant women was 179.90 μg/L. A total of 9 551 edible salt samples were collected from children and pregnant women, including 8 238 non-iodine salt samples and the consumption rate of non-iodine salt was 86.25% (8 238/9 551).Conclusions:The pregnant women are in a suitable state of iodine nutrition, the children's urinary iodine is at a higher than suitable level in waterbrone high iodine areas in Shandong Province. Therefore, it is still necessary to strengthen the efforts to improve water and reduce iodine, and strengthen the monitoring of iodine nutrition status of key populations.

10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 441-448, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827043

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of chemokine CCL2 in angiogenesis of primary adult rat cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMEC). The rat CMECs were isolated and identified through morphology examination and immunostaining with CD31 and factor VIII antibodies. The angiogenesis of CMEC on Matrigel was evaluated at different time points. The expression and secretion of CCL2 during the process of angiogenesis was detected by real-time RT-PCR and ELISA, respectively. The results showed that, the primary rat CMEC was isolated successfully, and the angiogenesis of CMEC was significantly induced after Matrigel treatment for 4 h. The expression of CCL2 and CCR2 were increased during angiogenesis, and the secretion of CCL2 was detected after 2 h of angiogenesis and reached the peak concentration of 1 588.1 pg/mL after 4 h. Either CCL2 blocking antibody or CCR2 antagonist significantly reduced the angiogenesis of CMEC. These results suggest that CCL2 is secreted during the process of angiogenesis of CMEC, and CCL2/CCR2 signaling pathway may play an important role in promoting angiogenesis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chemokine CCL2 , Endothelial Cells , Endothelium, Vascular , Heart , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Rats , Signal Transduction
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774093

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association of copy number of SMN1 and SMN2 with clinical phenotypes in children with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA).@*METHODS@#A total of 45 children with SMA were enrolled. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification was used to measure the gene copy numbers of SMN1 and SMN2. The association of copy number of SMN1 and SMN2 with clinical phenotypes was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Of the 45 children with SMA, 42 (93%) had a homozygous deletion of SMN1 exons 7 and 8, and 3 (7%) had a deletion of SMN1 exon 7 alone. No association was found between SMA clinical types and the deletion types of SMN1 exons 7 and 8 (P>0.05). There was a significant difference in the distribution of SMN2 gene copy numbers between the children with SMA and the healthy children (P<0.05). The children with SMA usually had two or three copies of SMN2 gene, while the healthy children usually had one or two copies of SMN2 gene. There was a significant difference in the distribution of SMN2 copy numbers among the children with different SMA clinical types (P<0.05). The children with two copies of SMN2 gene had a significantly lower age of onset than those with three or four copies. Most of the children with type I SMA had two or three copies of SMN2 gene. Most of the children with type II SMA had three copies of SMN2 gene. Most of the children with type III SMA had three or four copies of SMN2 gene. Children with a higher copy number of SMN2 gene tended to have an older age of onset and better motor function and clinical outcome, and there was a significant association between SMN2 gene copy number and clinical outcome (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The SMN2 gene can reduce the severity of SMA via the dosage compensation effect. SMN2 copy number is associated with the phenotype of SMA, and therefore, it can be used to predict disease severity.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Muscular Atrophy, Spinal , Genetics , Phenotype , Survival of Motor Neuron 1 Protein , Genetics , Survival of Motor Neuron 2 Protein , Genetics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744317

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate current situation of Chinese clinical microbiological laboratories participating in management of healthcare-associated infection and antimicrobial use.Methods Fourteen provinces (municipalities), autonomous regions and army hospitals in seven regions of China were selected, the participation of clinical microbiological laboratories in the consultation of HAI diseases, specimen quality control, antimicrobial use, and management of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) before 2000 and every five years from 2000 to 2015 were investigated, the surveyed results were analyzed statistically.Results A total of 187 hospitals were investigated, in 2015, 96 and 172 hospitals (51.34%, 91.98%) participated in the consultation of infectious diseases and multi-department collaborative management on MDROs respectively.However, 44 hospitals (23.53%) still manually performed statistical analysis on drug susceptibility, only 26 hospitals (13.90%) had the ability of identifying homology of pathogens.Rate of MDRO surveillance data feedbacked to clinical departments increased from 66.84% (n=125) in 2010 to 95.72% (n=179) in 2015, the frequency of feedback was mainly monthly and quarterly;rate of antimicrobial susceptibility results feedbacked to clinic departments increased from 62.03% (n=116) to 94.12% (n=176), 82.35% (n=154) of clinical microbiological laboratories conducted quarterly feedback;the quality control rate of microscopic sputum smear before sputum culture increased from63.10% (n=118) to 87.17% (n=163);rate of bilateral double blood culture increased from 35.83% (n=67) to 72.73% (n=136);rates of other aseptic body fluid culture (except blood and urine) increased from 4.86% to 5.74%;differences were all significantly different between 2010 and 2015 (all P<0.05).Conclusion Clinical microbiological laboratories have played an important role in promoting the development of HAI management in China, especially during the period of 2011-2015.However, the homology analysis on HAI pathogens, informatization of result feedback, and sterile body fluid specimens detection need to be further strengthened.

13.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 203-206, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744282

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the iodine nutritional status in historical water-borne high iodine areas in Shandong Province,so as to provide a basis for improving the intervention strategy of high-iodinated goiter in water-borne high iodine areas.Methods In 2017,in 38 historical high-iodine counties (cities,districts) in 7 cities of Shandong Province,each county (city,district) was divided 5 regions according to the east,west,south,north,and middle.One township (street) was taken in each regions,and four administrative villages were selected in each township (street).In each administrative village 15 household salt samples were extracted for non-iodine salt detection;detection of iodine content of drinking water,urine iodine content and thyroid volume of children aged 8-12 years were carried out in 19 high iodine counties (cities,districts).The semi-quantitative method was used to detect the iodine level of edible salt of residents;the arsenic cerium catalytic spectrophotometry method(WS/T 107-2006) was used to detect the water iodine and urinary iodine content;the B-ultrasound method was used to examine the thyroid volume of children.Results A total of 9 703 edible salt samples were collected from residents,including 9 575 non-iodine salt and the consumption rate of non-iodine salt was 98.68%.Among the 38 high iodine counties (cities,districts),20 counties (cities,districts) all stopped supplying iodized salt and 18 counties(cities,districts) partial stopped,the consumption rates of non-iodine salt were 99.37% (6 013/6 051) and 98.54% (3 562/ 3 652),respectively.The iodine content of drinking water in 19 monitoring sites was detected.The median water iodine was 75.50 μg/L,ranging from 8.50 to 420.70 μg/L.Among them,the median water iodine of 9 monitoring sites was > 100 μg/L,still belonged to the water-borne high iodine area.Totally 2 009 children were detected urinary iodine,the median urinary iodine concentration was 256.35 μg/L;the goiter rate of children aged 8-12 years was 7.86% (158/2 009),there was a statistically significant difference in the rate of goiter between children of different ages (x2 =43.649,P < 0.05).Conclusions Although the consumption rates of non-iodine salt in historical water-borne high iodine areas of Shandong Province are at a higher level,the water iodine content of drinking water has a larger span,iodine nutrition in children is over the appropriate level.The coverage of projects to improve water quality and reduce iodine in high iodine areas should be further expanded,and monitoring of iodine nutritional status of key populations should be strengthened.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 547-549, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753544

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the iodine nutritional status among key populations in non-iodine excess areas of Shandong Province in 2017. Methods Totally 81 county-level monitoring sites were selected in 17 cities of Shandong Province. Each county was divided into five areas including the east, west, south, north and the middle according to the location. A township (street) was randomly selected in each area and a primary school was selected from each township (street). Totally 40 students aged 8-10 (half males and half females) were selected in each school for examination of thyroid by B ultrasonography and determination of urinary iodine and salt iodine levels. At the same time, 20 pregnant women were selected from each township (street) for determination of urinary iodine and salt iodine levels. Results A total of 16341 children and 8524 pregnant women urine samples were tested and the medians of urinary iodine of children and pregnant women were 187.7 and 145.4 μg/L, respectively. Totally 16341 children were examined thyroid and the rate of goiter was 2.36% (386/16341). Totally 24170 edible salt samples were tested. The coverage rate of iodized salt was 88.93%(21495/24170), the qualified rate of iodized salt was 90.08%(19363/21495) and the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt was 80.11%(19363/24170). Conclusion Both children and pregnant women in non-iodine excess areas of Shandong Province are in a suitable state of iodine nutrition.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805082

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#To investigate the total fluids intake, volume of urine and hydration status among college students from Hebei Province in spring.@*Methods@#In March 2017, the subjects were recruited in a college in Baoding, Hebei Province. 156 students completed the investigation. Total drinking fluids was assessed by 7-day 24-hour fluid intake questionnaire, with a quantitative tool. The water from food was assessed by the duplicate portion method. The urine samples of 24-hour was collected for 3 consecutive days, and the volume, osmolality, pH and specific gravity of urine were measured. Hydration status was grouped to three types according to the urine osmolality (mOsm/kg), namely, optimal hydration (urine osmolality ≤500), middle hydration (500< urine osmolality ≥800) and dehydration (urine osmolality >800), and the differences among subjects in different genders and hydration statuses were compared.@*Results@#The age of all subjects was (19.8±1.1) years old, including 80 male students. The median amounts of total fluids intake, total drinking fluids, water from food and urine volume were 2 324, 1 135, 1 174 and 1 279 ml/d, respectively. The volume of urine among males was 1 272 ml/d, which was not significantly different from that of females (1 304 ml/d) (P>0.05). The osmolality and specific gravity of urine among males were 688 mOsm/kg and 1.017, which were higher than those of females (493 mOsm/kg, 1.014) (P<0.05). But the pH of males was 6.6±0.3, which was lower than that of females (6.7±0.3) (P<0.05). Only 37.2% (n=58) of college students were in optimal hydration status. The median of the amount of total drinking fluids among subjects in optimal hydration status was 301, 448 ml/d higher than that in middle hydration status and dehydration, respectively (P<0.05). The proportion of females in optimal hydration status was 51.3% (n=39), which was higher than that of males 23.8% (n=19) (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Large proportion of college students in Hebei had lower total drinking fluids than the recommended intake of China, and the volume of urine was equal to the amount of total drinking fluids among the college students. Only 37.2% of college students were in optimal hydration status, and the proportion of female college students in optimal hydration status was larger than that of males.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805081

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the food source of water of college students from Hebei Province in spring.@*Methods@#In March 2017, the subjects were recruited in a college in Baoding, Hebei Province. 156 students completed the investigation. All foods were collected for 3 consecutive days using duplicate portion study combined with weighing method to test the water content of various foods. To analyze the water content of the food and calculate the proportion to the total amount of food water intake, the edible parts of each meal were divided into staple food, dishes, porridge, soup and snacks. Body mass index (BMI) was grouped according to quartiles, and the differences in food intake and food water sources among subjects of different genders and BMI were compared.@*Results@#The age of subjects was (19.8±1.1) years old, including 80 male students. The median intake of staple food, dishes, porridge, soup and snacks per day was 562 g, 743 g, 111 g, 102 g and 0 g, respectively. The median intake of water from staple food, dishes, porridge, soup and snacks per day was 301 ml/d, 620 ml/d, 97 ml/d, 93 ml/d and 0 ml/d, respectively. The median ratio of water intake to total food water intake of staple food, dishes, porridge, soup and snacks was 27%, 53%, 8%, 8% and 0%, respectively. The median intake of water from staple food and dishes in male students was significantly higher than that of female students (P<0.05). The amount of water intake from porridge of female students was significantly higher than that of male students (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the water intake from soup and snacks between different genders. There was no significant difference in food intake and food water sources among college students with different BMI (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#The food source of water of college students from Hebei Province in spring is mainly based on dishes and staple foods. The food source of water for boys and girls is different.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805080

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#To investigate the total fluids intake among college students in spring from Hebei.@*Methods@#In March 2017, the subjects were recruited in a college in Baoding, Hebei Province. 156 students completed the investigation. Total drinking fluids was assessed by 7-day 24-hour fluid intake questionnaire, with a quantitative tool. The water from food was assessed by duplicate portion method. The sources of total fluids intake among subjects were analysed.@*Results@#The age of subjects was (19.8±1.1) years old, including 80 male students. The median amounts of total fluids intake, total drinking fluids and water from food were 2 324, 1 135 and 1 174 ml, respectively. The proportions of total drinking fluids and water from food in total fluids intake were 51%±9% and 49%±10%. Only 19.9% (n=31) and 18.6% (n=29) of college students had adequate total fluids intake and total drinking fluids, according to the recommendation of China. The median amounts of total fluids intake, total drinking fluids and water from food were 3 210, 1 860 and 1 093 ml/d, respectively. The proportion of total drinking fluids in total fluids intake was 61%±7%, which were all higher than those who did not reach the recommended intake (2 158, 1 000, 1 149 ml/d; drinking fluids accounting for 46%±8% of total fluids intake) (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The amounts of total fluids intake and total drinking fluids of college students in Hebei Province are lower than the recommended intake in China. The contributions of total drinking fluids and water from food to total fluids intake were nearly same.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850795

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the industry of Bletillae Rhizoma has developed rapidly and widely in medicine, health care, beauty, etc., but there are still problems that restrict its sustainable development. Based on field investigating in development status of Bletillae Rhizoma market and industry, consulting relevant literature and our research results, and main constraints were discovered as follows: wild resources shortage, uneven varieties, unclear mechanism, low comprehensive utilization, unclear quality standards, difficulty of quality control, weak industrial level, slow cluster development and so on. Therefore, we can strengthen the protection of germplasm resources and selection of superior varieties, carry out the mechanism of its effective ingredients, improve quality evaluation system and expand sales market using brand strategy to promote the healthy and sustainable development of Bletillae Rhizoma.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847067

ABSTRACT

The denitrifier method is widely used as a novel pretreatment method for the determination of nitrogen and oxygen isotope ratios as it can provide quantitative and high-sensitivity measurements. Nevertheless, the method is limited by relatively low measurement accuracy for δ18O. In this study, we analyzed the factors influencing the accuracy of δ18O determination, and then systematically investigated the effects of dissolved oxygen concentrations and nitrate sample sizes on estimates of the δ15N and δ18O of nitrate reference materials. The δ18O contraction ratio was used to represent the relationship between the measured difference and true difference between two reference materials. We obtained the following main results: (1) a gas-liquid ratio of 3:10 (v/v) in ordinary triangular flasks and a shaking speed of 120 r/min produced an optimal range (1.9 to 2.6 mg/L) in the concentration of dissolved oxygen for accurately determining δ18O, and (2) the δ18O contraction ratio decreased as nitrate sample size decreased within a certain range (1.0 to 0.1 μmol). Our results suggested that δ18O contraction is influenced mainly by dissolved oxygen concentrations in pure culture, and provided a model for improving the accuracy of oxygen isotope analysis.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816214

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical value of non-invasive prenatal testing(NIPT)for screening fetal chromosomal copy number variations(CNVs) and microdeletion/microduplication syndromes(MDs).METHODS: Retrospective analysis was made in the 10 005 women who received NIPT during the first trimester(15-20+ 6 weeks)from January,2012 to July,2017,at First People's Hospital of Yunnan Province,Department of Genetic Diagnosis Center.Among them 32 pregnant women were indicated fetal CNVs,25 of 32 pregnant women selected interventional prenatal diagnosis.Statistical analysis was made on the amniotic fluid/cord blood chromosome G band karyotype and high-throughput sequencing(NGS)genome copy number analysis was made,and relevant CNVs were searched and analyzed in the corresponding database;the consistency of CNVs found in NIPT with interventional prenatal diagnosis was statistically analyzed.RESULTS: During the second trimester(15-20+ 6 weeks),in the 10 005 pregnant women who received NIPT testing 32 cases were shown to have high risks of fetal CNVs,and the screening positive rate was 0.32%(32/10 005).In 25 high risk pregnant women who accepted invasive prenatal diagnosis via informed choice,14 women wereconfirmed as fetal CNVs,the positive predictive value(PPV)of NIPT being 56%(14/25),including 9 cases of microdeletion and 5 cases of microduplication.The sizes were between 587.75 kb and 36.05 Mb.The size and the start and end positions of CNVs found by NIPT were similar to those of fetal DNA samples detected by NGS.Among 14 cases of fetal CNVs,11 cases were identified as MDs,3 cases as unknown clinical significance.In 11 cases of MDs,8 cases were observed fetal chromosome structure abnormalities by karyotype analysis,10 cases were confirmed as de novo abbreviations,and 2 cases as originated from paternal same MD.After genetic counseling,10 pregnant women in 11 cases of MDs chose informed terminations,and one case chose continuing pregnancy.CONCLUSION: As a high-precision screening method,NIPT is expected to be an effective mean to screen for fetal CNVs,which can be used to detect highrisk chromosome microdeletion and microduplication CNVs of larger segments.High risk cases of fetal CNVs found by NIPT require invasive prenatal diagnosis for validation.

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